The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on June 28, 1974 · Page 4
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 4

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Friday, June 28, 1974
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Page 4
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On the 60fh anniversary Reflections on the shots at Sarajevo Today in history Fergus Falls (Mi.) Fri., June 28, 1974 By MYRON BROSCHAT Sixty years ago on June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie were shot and killed while riding in their open motor car on the streets of Sarajevo. The city of Sarajevo was located in what was then one of the southern provinces of the Austro-Hungarian empire. Today it is in Yugoslavia. No one then could have foreseen the consequences, but those shots at Sarajevo became one of the great tragic landmarks in the world's history. The death of the Archduke and his wife set in motion a chain of events which brought on the First World War with all its frightful toll of life, property, and human suffering, and the aftershocks of that conflict are still being felt today. The man who assassinated the royal couple was Gavrilo Princip, an 18-year-old Servian nationalist, who believed that eliminating the Archduke would pave the way for a Greater Servia. Instead, his infamous act provoked a confrontation between Serbia and Austria-Hungary and their allies. Russia, France, and Great Britain lined up with Serbia, and Germany supported Austria-Hungary. Other nations, including the United States, were drawn in later. All through that hot July in 1914, the major powers of Europe mobilized their armies and exchanged ultimatums while the rest of the world refused to believe that war was imminent. Even after the opening shots were fired on July 29, no one really expected the war to last very long. Most experts predicted it would be over in six weeks. On the ^ I oca I scene Kiwanians convene Allen Walker, Merald Enstad and Roger Nelson of Fergus Falls attended the 59th annual convention of Kiwanis International at Denver June 23 to 26. Some 20,000 people attended the convention and represented some 276,000 Kiwanians in 6,315 Kiwanis clubs in 45 countries. Speakers included Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen, Dr. William M. Eagles, Kiwanis International president, and Sam Levenson, American humorist. Other activities included awards luncheons and banquets, workshops and clinics, tours and dances and six forums on contemporary issues. Sportstacular busing Buses will transport spectators at 15-minute intervals from the fairgrounds to the beach area at Pebble Lake for the Sunday powerboat races as part of the Fergus Falls Sportstacular, according to Wayne Pastir, general chairman for the weekend events. Spectators not wishing to view the powerboat races from the main beach area can park their cars at DeLagoon Park and view the races from the northwest side of the lake. According to Pastir, buses will start transporting spectators from the fairgrounds at 10 a.m. Sunday. The last buses will leave the fairgrounds in time for the start of the races set for about 1 p.m. Several buses will be available for transportation back to the fairgrounds when the powerboat races are completed (about4 or 5 p.m.). •''•'•-• Persons who may need to return to the fairgrounds before the races are completed can obtain transportation from Fergus Falls Jaycees who will be wearing red name tags with the Minnesota state outline. Pastir says bike and motorcycle riders will be allowed to park near the beach area. Bikes can be parked anywhere along the south side o! the road between the golf course parking lot and the beach area. Motorbikes can be parked in the trap shoot area parking lot. Drivers can leave the fairgrounds from either the Highway 59 exit (east side) or the northwest exit. Hit and run An automobile owned by Michael Burdell Lunning, Dalton, was struck by a hit-and-run vehicle about 11:55 a.m. Thursday, as it was parked along the 700 block of North Union, according to the Fergus Falls Police Department. Damage to the vehicle was estimated at $200. Report notes hiring plans at colleges NEW YORK (AP) - Colleges competing for federal aid are lowering standards and undermining faculty quality to hire more women and blacks, according to a report sponsored by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education. The report by Dr. Richard A. Lester said the inadequate number of qualified faculty members available from the two groups has forced the universities to recruit from each other, playing "musical chairs" with their faculties. The report also charged that new minority and women appointees were being paid more than white male faculty members at the same level, and that some of the appointees do not have the qualifications required for their tenured and nontenured positions. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare is requiring 1,500 colleges and universities with federal contracts Smoking among girls shows increase KANSAS CITY (AP) - Cigarette smoking among girls between the ages of 12 and 17 has been increasing while the rest of the population has cut back, says Dr. Luther Terry. Terry is the former U.S. surgeon general who issued the historic report on smoking and health 10 years ago. Terry said Wednesday that 15 years ago the incidence of smoking among girls was one- tenth as frequent as among boys the same age but that in the last two or three years have caught up with boys in intensity. to develop affirmative action programs for increasing faculty representation of minority groups and guaranteeing their equal treatment. The groups covered are blacks, women, American Indians, Asian-Americans and Spanish-surnamed Americans. Institutions found in violation could lose federal funds that sometimes total millions of dollars. At first, the great mass of the people caught up in the war viewed it as an exciting game or a romantic adventure. Armies marched off to the Front to the accompaniment of martial music and cheering crowds, and patriotism rose to high tide. Men flocked to enlist so they could see some action before the fighting stopped. • But the war didn't end in six weeks. It went on for four terrible years. When the armistice finally went into effect at 11 a.m. on November 11, 1918, the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, the economies of the warring nations were in ruins, and their manpower resources were decimated by the shocking casualties they suffered on the battlefield. The exact figure will never be known, but somewhere between 8.5 and 9 million men, including 126,000 Americans, were killed in action or died of wounds or disease in the Great War, as it was called then. Another 21 to 22 million men were wounded, and many of them were crippled or disfigured for life. So great was the slaughter, that the average life expectancy of a combat soldier on the Western Front from 1914 to 1918 was five months, and during the major spring and summer campaigns, men went down like ripe wheat in a hailstorm. In one battle alone, the battle of the Somme between July 1 and November 18, 1916, an estimated 1,100,000 British, French and German soldiers were listed as killed, wounded, or missing. The price that future generations paid and are still paying for those casualties is incalculable. No one will ever know how many potentially great political leaders or how many brilliant minds or gifted artists or clever innovators were sacrificed at the very beginning of their productive years. In Europe, the war not only destroyed life and property, but it also generated a major political upheaval. So many monarchies toppled that the 1914-18 period has come to IK known as the twilight of the Age of Royalty. Along with other changes in the old order, the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia, and communism has been a threat to world peace ever since. As a result of that upheaval, the map of Europe had to be redrawn. Borders were moved, cities were renamed, entire countries disappeared, and new countries appeared elsewhere, all in the span of a few years. Here in America, the war years brought no particular hardship, but they marked the passing of a way of life we may never see again. The period between 1900 and the Sarajevo incident in 1914 is sometimes referred to as the original "good old days". For the average American, life then was pleasant, comfortable, and rewarding. Honesty and integrity were widely respected, and most people still believed that hard work, perserverance, and a faith in God were the keys to success. That era will always be remembered for its patriotic parades, community picnics, Sunday afternoon rides in a motor car, and large family gatherings on the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays. There was a feeling of togetherness and a sense of belonging, particularly in the small towns and the rural communities. But there was also a darker side to life in America. Child labor was common, and a typical work week was 60 hours. Tuberculosis, pneumonia, influenza, and heart disease were the leading causes of death. Living conditions in the slum sections of the large cities were incredibly harsh, and poverty was widespread because the wealth was concentrated in the hands of a few. In 1910, one per cent of the families in the country controlled 85 per cent of the wealth, and the rich kept getting richer because there was no income tax until 1913. One man, J. P. Morgan, was so rich and powerful that he almost single-handedly stemmed the financial panic of 1907. Yet, if there was one word that described the attitude of the American people in those years it was "confidence". They were confident that there were better days ahead. Science and technology would solve the material problems; their government would keep them out of the political morass in Europe, and somehow everything would turn out all right. The shots of Sarajevo brought those confident years to an end. Although this country didn't become an active participant until 1917, the outbreak of the war in 1914 propelled America into the modern industrial age much sooner and more abruptly than would have otherwise been the case, and with industrialization came strikes, social unrest, and a rapid change in living patterns. Among other things, the war years were the real beginning "of the end for the small town. Americans generally supported the war effort wholeheartedly but strife and unrest at home together with the heavy casualties in Europe and the breakdown of the old order eroded their confidence and left them with a sense of foreboding. For the first time since the Civil War, Americans found themselves asking some disturbing questions: Would human beings ever learn to live together on this earth without destroying each other? Would science and technology become a monster rather than a gateway to Utopia? Would their leaders be able to cope with social and political problems that seemed almost insolvable? In the end, one of the major casualties of the Great War was the idealism that sustained Americans through the confident years. The great tragedy of the First World War was that it settled absolutely nothing. It only sowed the seeds for World War II which exploded on the plains of Poland on September 1,1939, less than 21 years after the 1918 armistice. Some will argue that World War I was inevitable, that given the military and political situation in Europe and the caliber of its leaders, the war had to be fought sooner or later. The only question was where and when the first spark would flame up. That may be true, but there is always the nagging thought that if it hadn't been for those shots at Sarajevo, peace might have somehow been preserved. Had that been the case, history would have taken a far different course, and we would be living in a different world today. Perhaps it would be a much better world. And what about Gavrilo Princip, the man whose impulsive act had such fateful consequences? He died in prison of tuberculosis in 1918, and his passing was barely noticed for by that time the passing parade of events had left him far behind. The irony of it all was that Gavrilo Princip's brief moment in history turned out to be an exercise in futility. The assassination of the Archduke did not pave the way for a Greater Serbia. On the contrary, Serbia was one of the countries that disappeared from the map after the war. By The Associated Press Today is Friday, June 28, the 179th day of 1974. There are 186 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1914, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, was assassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia. It was the spark that set off World War I. On this date: In 1778, the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth, N.J., took place. Molly Pitcher's aid to Colonial troops made her a heroine in American history. In 1838, Britain's Queen Victoria was crowned. In 1919, the Versailles Treaty was signed in France after World War I. In 1941, guerrilla warfare against the Nazis began in Yugoslavia during World War II. In 1945, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced the reconquest of Luzon in the Philippines in the Pacific War. In 1967, King Hussein of Jordan met with U.S. President Johnson in Washington to discuss Jordan's plight after the six-day war with Israel. Ten years ago: Henry Cabot DANCE LAST RESORT Friday, June 28 Music by KEN BAKER Saturday, June 29 WEDDING DANCE (Brooberg-Thom) Music By KEN LEINE Ixxlgc, leaving South Vietnam after serving 10 months as U.S. ambassador, said a formula had been found for success against Communist guerrillas without likelihood of a general war in Asia. Five years ago: It was disclosed that President Nixon would fly to the Pacific to see the splashdown of the Apollo 11 astronauts, then visit several Asian countries and Communist Romania. Today's hirthday: Composer Hi chard Hodgers if 72. § BIBLES DEVOTIONAL BOOKS Brides' WNteBibtes Vteddmg Books Fergus Fa Wedding Announce rnenb Silver and Golden Anniversary Books NOW! AN ADDED BONUS FOR CAMERA FANS! NOW-WE'LL GIVE YOU THE PHOTO ALBUM FREE, TOO! For years, we have been giving you FREE PHOTO ALBUM PAGES when you have your Kodacolor or Fujicolor films developed here. When you pick up your developed prints now, we'll still give you the FREE ALBUM PAGE and along with thai, we'll give you an ALBUM COUPON. When you have collected 6 coupons, bring them in and we'll give you a FREE PHOTO ALBUM to keep the pages in. 216WEST LINCOLN —FERGUS FALLS MAKE INSURANCE BUYING EASIER... Sec me for .ALL your insurance needs. AMERICAN FAMILY • 1. » ll|;*^.-.-.=rf AUTO HOME HEALTH LIFC AMERICAN FAMILY MUTUAL INSURANCE HERMAN H. TEBERG NEW LOCATION 120 WEST LINCOLN Fergus Falls, Minn. 56537 Phone 734-6615 ON SALE. FACTORY AIR ON GREMLINS. i Now! Gremlin is the lowest list-priced factory air conditioned car in America. SUNDAY SWISS STEAK — ROAST BEEF — BAKED HAM FRIED CHICKEN —ROAST TURKEY Sundays 8 to 2 — Dinners 11 (o 2 Monday thru Saturday 6:30 to 5:00 LIME'S CAFE CORNER LINCOLN & MILL AMC has frozen the list price of factory air. For a limited time, you can get factory air conditioning on a new Gremlin with a list price of only $222. Plus, every new Gremlin is backed by all the benefits of AMC's exclusive Buyer Protection Plan™ That means AMCF1 Dealers that a Gremlin is not only economical to buy and operate—it's also economical to own. It's one more way of taking the heat off your budget. But hurry. Supply is limited. See your AMC Dealer today. WORNER'S AUTO SALES West on Lincoln Avenue Where the 4-Lane Begins Fergus Falls, Minnesota 'Manufacturer's suggested retail pMce of factory installed air conditioning on Gte;nSin Price comparison based on manufacturer's suggested retail price of vehicles equipped with factory air Prices subject to change without notice. Supplies are limited. May no! be available at all dealers. _ HftUGEJYS ICE CREAM PARLOUR M RESTAURANT PHO\F; 736-55X9 - l\ CITY mm SHOPPING fHSTKR - XEXT TO \\TIOY\I, FOOII STOKE - FF.HdlS FAILS OPENING ON WEDNESDAY, JIM - Open 1 Days a Week from 9:00 a.m. lo 11:00 p.m. -

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