Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 13, 1948 · Page 5
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 5

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, July 13, 1948
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Page 5
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EDITORIALS Consuming Public Pays for Lewis Appeasement • O NCE again John L. Lewis has tacked $1 a ton on the price of soft coal, and the operators have signed on the dotted line. There will be no United Mine Workers' strike as a result of the new contract, and John L. Lewis won't have to serve out a sentence for contempt. The Lewis appeasement price was not too high this trip. But its implications in other wage increases will push up prices generally throughout American industry. Lewis might never have made this agreement without a second coal strike this summer had it not been for the order of Federal Judge Alan Goldsborough in Washington, the one man who seems to know how to handle Lewis. Key to the settlement was Judge Goldsborough's decision upholding the $100-a- month pension plan. rnHE $1 a day increase Lewis won the •*• miners could have been gained last spring without a strike, if Lewis had been in a mood to make an agreement. Instead, he maneuvered a general shutdown of mines, which crippled the country for weeks and cost America hundreds of millions in lost wages, lost production, and lost time. The basic rate for miners will be $14.05 for an 8-hour day, effective July 1. In addition there will be an increase of 10 cents a ton in the operators' contributions to the union retirement and welfare fund, increasing the total payment to 20 cents a ton. Together this will hike the price of soft coal between 75 cents to $1 a ton, perhaps more. Miners will get a weekly base pay of $70.25, or $91.33 if they work 6 days. N O one begrudges a reasonable wage boost to the miners. What this country has come to resent, however, is the highhanded tactics of Lewis in shutting down the mines every year to achieve goals which could be sensibly settled by conferences. The miners' increase will affect 400,000 miners and 18,000 CIO steelworkers employed by Aluminum company of America. Because coal is closely tied to steel, this makes the 10 cents per hour wage increase wrangled from U. S. Steel by Philip Murray look a little on the lean side. So what Lewis has done, in effect, is to give inflation forces another push. Instead of the 3rd round of postwar wage increases leveling off at 10 to 13 cents an hour, the miners have moved all wage rates up another peg. Clare to Quit Politics pLARE BOOTH LUCE says she is done ^ with politics for 2 poignant reasons: First, she feels the Dewey-Warren ticket is as good as elected. Second, she wants to return to a writing career. The republican party will not be exactly heart-broken when she leaves the political scene. Clare was a clever playwright and a not so effective congresswoman. As a convention speaker, too, her effectiveness is debatable. In 1944 Quentin Reynolds, following up for the democrats, lashed her to the mast in her appeal for GI Joe. It was the same at Philadelphia this trip. The former Connecticut congresswoman was at her lovely best the night she followed Keynoter Dwight Green at Philadelphia. But her script was just too cute to be convincing. She said her piece that night and convulsed .the convention with her wisecracks, but it wasn't representative of the republican party's thinking. It was a clever woman showing off. More than a few delegates left thinking the main reason Mrs. Luce had been spotlighted at the Philadelphia convention was to flatter Time and Life. A more effective speaker, in or out of' congress, could have been found to represent the woman's angle at the convention. Mrs. Luce is a gadfly in republican politics. Washington discovered that her chief contribution to congress was glamour, which was exactly what she contributed to the 1948 republican national convention. Look Out Below! THE "NEIN" LIVES BREED In moments when you're inclined to fret about the cost of our European aid program, compare the outlay with what it would cost for just' one month of another war. One of our republican contemporaries insists that it was a case of Gen. Eisenhower refusing to bail the democrats out of political oblivion. A new type of fighting plane requires piloting from a prone position. Ideal spot for one who likes to lie down on the job. It isn't the argument that hurts, a friend of ours insists, it's the "not forgetting afterwards" that does the damage. If the "short" in shortcake refers to supply in relation to demand, this summer delicacy is well named. Pros and Cons Some interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Good Crops Abroad Manly Signal: Prophets of business who, only a few months ago, were predicting a recession before the 1948 election now say there is more inflation ahead of us. They base this on the Mar- Shall Plan, and declare that the spending of another 4 pr 5 billions in Europe during the coming year is bound to keep prices zooming and business good during the next 10 or 12 months at least. All of which sounds like real sound prediction at this time. Oleo Tax Hampton Chronicle: Well, Taft lost out and so did his proposed repeal of the oleo tax. Of course they can keep up the fight for that tax repeal, but congress quietly adjourned and let it slip overboard. Let 'er stay at the bottom, where it belongs. That tax on-false colored oleo is correct. If they want to make oleo and sell it on its merits alone, and not in a manner to decieve the public no one can properly object. Wallace May Quit Clarion Monitor: The republicans are counting largely on Henry Wallace to make their job easy this fall, but they will need to do something to encourage him, for there are signs that he is weakening. He was counting on Russia to continue on the aggressive, which would have made his plea for peace easy and popular. Isolationism Dead Marshalltown Times-Republican: Warren's immediate vision may be across the Pacific but he, too, has seen the importance of the European recovery program. "Isolationism" is definitely out with a Dewey and Warren ticket and the platform adopted. Spare Us the Hick Stuff _ Cedar Rapids Gazette: The notion that farmers insist on having a practical dirt farmer in the white house is purely an illusion. They want what most other sensible people want in the white house — a practical president. Hoover's Speech Best Cherokee Daily Times: Without exception the Hoover speech was outstanding above all others, a fact that was realized and appreciated by the thousands who packed the great convention hall. Blames 16-Year-Olcls Northwood Anchor: Sixteen year old drivers are involved in 3 to 9 times as many fatal automobile accidents as middle-aged drivers, according to the Automobile Safety Foundation. Chose Best Man Eagle Grove Eagle: The republicans have chosen the man that from the start was the ideal compromise candidate and they will undoubtedly go on to victory this fall as a united party. Editorial of the Day IOWA IS FIRST TAAVENPORT DEMOCRAT: As always, Iowa is •^ first in many things, making it one of the grandest states in the union. The latest bulletin of the Iowa development commission, which is spearheading much of Iowa's growth and development adds emphasis to the state's importance. Iowa's 933 towns and cities are electrified Over 160,000 farmers, or 80 per cent of all Iowa farmers, have electrification, while 99.9 per cent of the urban population of Iowa has electrical service available. Iqwa stands first in the nation in rural telephone development. Over 87 per cent of Iowa farms are reached by telephone. Iowa is also 3rd m total residential phone development. There is one residence telephone for every 3.5 people— almost one phone to the family. Natural gas was utilized in 1930-31, and today there are 115 gas plants and distributive systems in Iowa. There are 2 natural gas pipelines crossing Iowa and 2 plants in the state which handle mixed gas. Newspapers and radios are the most popular and widespread communication media of modern Iowa. Iowa weekly newspapers have a total circu- 3 AT™° f ! 31 ' 9 ^ 2 and daily newspapers reach 1 - hv '?? VH bscr ' ber s " Iowa ' s radio service is given by 37 radio stations, both commercial and noncommercial, located in 22 cities. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO uilding 2 new junior high schools, n t HK and 1 at M on«e, were tentatively adopted by the Mason City school* board at a special meeting. The 2 schools would provide facili- al ?thl 8 ^-£ nd 9lh S«"le pupils in the ^ buildl "g s will be typical junior Plants, according to R. B. Irons, super- of schools. 20 YEARS AGO Still a Question W HEN it's decided—as we hope it will be decided—that the electoral college has outlived its usefulness, there's still a question facing our country. Shall election be on a basis of the grand total of votes for the entire nation or shall it be on the basis of states? In this question are some principles and issues which merit more than a little consideration. ' ™, , of Police Ra y R - Oulman has received a letter from Chief of Police Frank Sanford postmarked Berkeley, Cal., in which the writ?™v n£- ,1* * e if, en J 0 y in g his vacation-school work Chief Sanford left here June 1 by automobile. Enroute to the "far west" he attended the national convention for police chiefs, held at Colorado bpnngs, Colo. He is now studying police work in a school in the Berkeley police department. 30 YEARS AGO ,- J^ r; V, W< G ' Sauer °erg, 216 13th N. E., delightfully entertained a company of her old time friends and associates yesterday afternoon at her home. The women enjoyed an informal afternoon of social converse and needlework. The daughters and granddaughters of the hostess, the Mesdames Con LaGass, Matilda Mavis, . Earl Mavis and Walter Mavis served a luncheon. Guests were' the Mesdames H. I. Prussia, Foster, Moore, Davy. Smith, Michsell, and Strickland. 40 YEARS AGO Gertrude McCormack of the Haworth & Williams^ millinery department left last evening for Chicago. She will t>e joined there by her sister, Miss Anna, and together they will go to Newark, N. J. to spend their summer vacation, visiting a sister who is studying music in a conservatory in that city. G. F. Wilson has leased the restaurant and rooming house in the Headington building and is making changes in same. Mr, Wilsor is preppring to conduct a 1st class shor«-.3rder restaurant and rooming house, ' Observing To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. FEEL TIRED ALL THE TIME ? M ANY people these days seem to be constitutionally tired. They go to bed tired, wake up tired, and drag through the day under a great burden of fatigue. Since they have no marked symptoms of disease, they are often told by some friend that nothing is wrong with them and yet a really thoroughgoing physical examination would probably disclose half a dozen reasons for their habitual lack of energy. The body reacts to so many different situations by fatigue, that if the source of trouble is to be found virtually every organ must come in for its share of scrutiny. Such an examination may be well worth while, even though it is troublesome for both doctor and patient, because it so often discloses the presence of unsuspected diseases in their beginning stages when they are most readily curable. The physician who has a tired patient to deal with will perhaps examine the eyes first. If the pupils do not contract when they are exposed to light, it may indicate some nervous system disease, such as syphilis. A discharge from the nose, with paleness of the lining membrane, may indicate allergy or sensitivity. Missing teeth may suggest some nutritional deficiency or lack of vitamins or, perhaps, indigestion. Infected teeth may be a cause of tiredness because their poisons may be taken up by the blood and spread throughout the body. Sores on the tongue and lip may indicate deficiency of vitamin B, or a lack of iron. An enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck may indicate a thyroid deficiency, which is a frequent cause of tiredness. On the other hand, the whipping up of all bodily processes, which results from an over-active thyroid may also result in fatigue. The patient's blood pressure should be taken. If it is too low, it may be a symptom of what is called Addison's disease, in which there is lack of secretion from the adrenal glands located above the kidneys. A test known as the sedimentation test may be carried out. This test is done by determining how fast the red cells settle out of the blood. An increased sedimentation rate may indicate some hidden infection and a careful search to discover exactly what it is, is then in order. Tiredness may be a symptom of undulant fever, an infection due to germs which may be contracted from iinpasteurized milk. A test, known as the agglutination test, is helpful in detecting this disorder. The test is carried out by seeing if the patient's blood Ferum will cause clumping of the undulant fever germs. Of course, counting the red cells and determining the amount of coloring in the blood are important signs since anemia may cause tiredness. Chest X-rays and an examination of the heart will help determine whether or not disorders of these organs are responsible for the difficulty. People who sleep poorly and take sedative drugs may, in a short time, become very tired from the drug itself. For this reason, these drugs should never be taken except when prescribed by a physician. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Ha! Boyle of the AP HAL AS A PLAYWRIGHT TVTEW YORK, </P)—Strange people with long hair •••' keep sidling up to me at literary teas and whispering: "Young man, why don't you quit chasing fire engines and write a play? There's fame and fortune in it. Look at Tennessee "Williams. Surely you have a play in you." This makes me mad. Because T did have a play in me—but it's been outside me now for some years. Here it is: (The curtain rises and discloses a luxurious anteroom in a hospital so plush that even death can't get in without showing a calling card. A venerable, white-haired lady and a high-priced medical specialist stand before a door. Beyond the door, but unseen by the audience, the lady's husband—a poor old multi-millionaire—is d3 r ing in comfort:) Doctor (somberly)—"He's still conscious, but he can't last another half hour." Lady—"Can you guarantee it?" Doctor (surprised)—"Beg pardon?" Lady—"I want to tell him something—but only if he's about to go to heaven." Doctor (cautiously)—"Well, he's about to go somewhere." Lady—"I must confide in you, Doctor. You see, my husband is one of those men who pride themselves they are always right. And he has been right so often. He never made a mistake in his business career. He was buying automobile stock when other people were still defending the horse. He has made millions." Doctor (rubbing his hands)—"How thoughtful." Lndy—"Yes, but his life has been miserable. His proud nature couldn't stand to be wrong—even once. And in one instance, he still isn't sure he was right." Doctor (puzzledly)—"Yes?" Lady—"After our marriage he told me, 'I know you've had a lover before me." Doctor (politely)—"Hmmm, strange.' 1 Lady—"Of course I denied it. He tried in every way to get me to admit he was right. I refused. Year after year he came bnck to the subject. He couldn't stand to be wrong. I always told him he was—on that point. I think that helped hold our marriage together. He never gave up. Wasn't it terrible of him?" Doctor—"Hmmn Hmm." Lady—"Last night was our 50th anniversary. We had a nice party. But after our 5 children and 12 grandchildren left, he asked me that same Question again. I said. 'No.' That's when he lost his temper—and had the stroke." Doctor—"Well, he hasn't more than 15 minutes left in this world." Lady—"Then open the door." Doctor—"You want to say goodbye?" Lady—"No, I just want to tell the exasperating old fool the truth at Inst so he can die happy. But T still wouldn't do it if I thought he was going to be around to brag he was right about that, too!'' As she goes through the door, the curtain falls —quick. Okay, Broadway . . . it's yours. I don't think I want it anymore. Do Too Many Attend College? .^venture that Northwestern p» university's retiring president will stir up plenty of discussion with his recently expressed view that too . many young people today are going to college. Not only are too many going, he contends, but the over-crowded condition of most universities and colleges has caused a lowering of academic standards in some of them. "There are many other ways of learning how to become useful citizens besides going to college," said Dr. Snyder. "Most regrettable is the recommendation of the president's commission on higher education that the total of college and "university enrollment should be increased from the present 2,000,000 to 4,600,000 in the next 10 years. This only encourages many to go to college who would be happier outside college." Highlighting Snyder's blast is the record-breaking estimated total of 400,000 graduating from colleges, universities and professional schools this year, more than double that of last year. But enrollment figures are already showing signs of tapering off, and a noticeable decline is expected next fall. Not Out of Bible i suspect that I'm not alone ' in my long-held assumption that there was a Biblical basis for the common expression, "Robbing Peter to pay Paul." In this assumption, I've been wholly wrong. The saying is drawn from English history, a great deal more recent than Bible times, I now learn from a little leaflet passed along to me by L. R. L. Back in the reign of Edward VI, the church lands of St. Peter's cathedral at Westminster were sold to raise money to repair St. Paul's cathedral in London. The cry went up, "They're robbing Peter to pay Paul." And the saying still persists. Drinking Driver Problem discover in the monthly ': report for June by Don L. Hughes, acting director of the driver's license division.of the Iowa state department of public safety a reflection of the important role played by alcohol in Iowa's traffic accident picture. Out of the total of 272 licenses revoked or suspended in June 156 —well over half-—were for "operating a 'motor vehicle while intoxicated." Maybe there's a basis for encouragement in the fact that all except 10 of the 15G were for first offenses. Of the 10, 7 were for 2nd offenses, I each for 3rd and 4th. DAYS OUT OF A HUMDRED.'HOT-FOOT* JOE.OUR MAILMAN, PACKS THE LIMIT OF 50 POUNDS-AND THEN SOME! UT THE ONE DAV OF THE YEAR THEY PUT AN INSPECTOR ON HIS TAIL THERE'S ABOUT 16 OUNCES IN HIS POUCH! In This State Called Iowa : suggest that if you have a pride in Iowa you may wish to clip this little poem and stick it in your billfold. It wax written by C. Coykendall and is featured in the lovely new highway map got out by the Iowa state highway commission: If you're seeking scenic grandeur— mighty mountains cupped with snow, I'm afraid we'll disappoint you (or w« haven't one to show. II you yearn for yawning chaims, if you seek m. waterfall, Slranjrcr, we Just can't produce them—we don't have such things at *ll. When the Maker of Creation fashioned out this Hawktye Land, Mountains sheer and painted desertc didn't fit the task at hand. Ue was building ut a garden for what He had In mind. There must be abundant beauty, bat •( quite a different kind. Bave you seen a field of elorer with lie riot of red bloom? You can duplicate those colors only with a magic loom. Have you seen the silver ripples ehas* each other o'er the plain, At the gentle summer breezes *tlr * field of ripening grain? Slave you teen a shimmering cornfield row on row In dress parade, Dark green uniforms »-glitter, golden tassels for cockades? Have you seen a herd of cattle grazing in some cool retreat, Finding life quite to their liking, undisturbed by man's conceit? In our peaceful land of plenty sc*nle grandeur won't be found, Bnt the beauty that we offer conies Irons deep within the ground. Where the Greatest of all Chemists blending sunshine, soli and rain. Through the ever changing seasons, makes the earth to bloom again. Information, Please! 1. What form of government has Portugal? 2. "Who is now U. S. postmaster general? 3. Of what metal were 'the first U. S. coins made? 4. Would it be possible for a woman to serve as president of U. S.? 5. Where would you lind the quotation, "As large as life, and twice as natural?" Answers—1. It is a republic. 2. Jesse M. Donaldson. 3. Copper. 4. Yes. 5. In "Through the Looking Glass" by Lewis Carroll. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To THE MUCH MALIGNED WEATHERMAN—for doing the best conceivable job of controlling the European corn borer in the 2 northernmost tiers of counties that any North Iowa farmer could have hoped for. Extension Entomologist Harold Gunderson at Ames says, "You folks are just plain lucky." Did You Know? By Jimmy Hatio POOR SOUL DON'T THINK LONG > WORLD! MORE BLOCKS ADDED TO THE ROUTE By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTF: Readers using this srrvicc /or question of fact—not counsel—should sign full name and address and Inclose ;t cents for return postape. Address The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Rurcau, ;(lfi Eye Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. What is the name of Skyway No. 1? Skyway No. 1 from Los Angeles to Washington is named the Wright Way in honor of Orville and Wilbur Wright, pioneers in aviation. Is snow counted in measuring' a year's rainfall? The weather bureau says that snowfall that occurs at the government observing stations is reduced to its equivalent in rainfall and included with the latter in determining the amount of precipitation during the year. As' a rule the ralio of unmelted to melted snow is 1 to 10, that is, 10 inches of snow will ordinarily make about 1 inch o£ water. \\l\y have many modern art frallerics no windows? Daylight is variable, changing in quality and intensity according to the weather and, from minute to minute, according to the advance of the sun. Oil paintings, because of their high lights and tones, can be be seen to advantage only under a steady light and an artifical light alone can be made steady. Inasmuch as artificial light must be used anyway, there is no occasion for windows. What were the special qualities of Damascus steel? Damascus steel was a steel of high quality, originally produced in Damascus and other cities of the cast, of special value in making highly tempered sword blades. The extraordinary hardness and elasticity of Damascus steel were produced by careful and laborious forging of pure iron and a peculiar steel, containing more carbon than other steel. How long could a house built of wood l)c expected to last if it were uupaintcil? There are wood houses in this country, for example the House of the Seven Gables in Salem, Mass., that have never been painted, arc over 300 years old, and are still intact. On the other hand, wood houses today generally are not constructed of such thick lumber as is the House of the Seven Gables. Likewise, the quality of the lumber in many houses today may not be equal 1o that used in some of the old houses. How old Is the office of speaker? The origin of this important office is shrouded in mystery. There was no known speaker of the British house of commons until the last parliament of Edward III, and the name of a speaker is first recorded in the rolls in 1377. Do hnseball players wear special shoes? Among baseball players the low shoe, made of Kangaroo leather, is now universal in the interest of speed. Formerly, a high shoe laced around the ankles was worn. Please explain what is meant by A person having; an E. Q. of 200. The abbreviations E. Q. stand for educational quotient. Achievement test results are commonly intcr- pretcHj- in terms of education ago (E. A.), educational quotient (E. Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeafures OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN. H. born July 12, 1885, is the third ._ generation of a fabulous Broadway family. He has written books and lyrics for such shows as "Oklahoma!" and "Show Boat" which, he insists, are musical plays, not comedies or operettas. His father and uncle were stage managers and producers. His grandfather, Oscar I, ran the old Manhattan Opera House. Oscar II, trained as a lawyer but turned to the theater after a year in law. Oscar Hammerjtein II Q.), and grade score. The E. Q. gives an index of how well the pupil is doing in the subject or subjects, as compared with what might be expected from one of his age. How many varieties of termites are known? Do they feed entirely on wood? About 1,200 different kinds or types of termites are known. Termites eat wood, paper and other materials containing cellulose. Who was the Florence Crillen- ton, for whom the Homes are named? She was the daughter of Charles Nelson Crittenton. After her death in 1882, at the age of 5. her father devoted his time and wealth to the establishment of the Florence Crittenton Homes for unfortunate girls and their infant children. Mason Cify Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 Ef.st Stntc St. Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L, GEER Advertising Manager Sunday. July 11, 1948 Entered as second-class matter April 32. 1030, at the postofficc at Mason City. Iowa, under the net of Mnrch 3. 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, which 1s exclusively entitled to use for repvib- licatlon of nil local news printed In thU newspaper as well as all AP news dli- patches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lak« (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year |13.W» On« week 33 Outside Mason City and Clear L»Ve But Within 100 Miles of Mason City By mail one ycnr * 9.00 By mall six months $4.75 By carrier per week 25 Outside 100 Mila Zona by Mail Only One year W3.00 Six month* y'B M) Three months | 3.50

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