Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa on March 20, 1946 · Page 7
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Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa · Page 7

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Wednesday, March 20, 1946
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1046. THE POSTVILLE HERALD, POSTVILLE. IOWA. PAGE SEVEN. Farmers Will Profit by Production Efficiency For the Herald's llomcmakcrs by Iowa State College Home Economists |You Can Enjoy— "DOUBLED-UP" LIVING If your home is housing two fiuni- iU's or "paying guests," or if there's n [possibility that it will, don't set up ulilary housekeeping in a remote ;;>vc. Things could be worse. A small house sheltering two or three families hiay resemble a haystack struck by a Bornndo, but few people die of injuries jfrom elbow-rubbing. S<>, if your house is overflowing, keep your sense of reason and your sense of humor, and remember that Dach small Issue cheerfully settled between you and your guests, "paying" jr otherwise, will go toward making (OUT life together pleasant. It can be pleasant, interesting and broadening, loo. Keep a bulletin board if you like, a blackboard with reminders for Schedules for members of the household. One of the best ways to avoid ^understandings is to make every- tiing clear at the beginning. A list fcuch as this may well be the beginning of a "great-big-happy-family" Relationship. If You're the Guest. Keep your room neat. Keep newspapers and magazines under control. Keep closet floors cleared for clean- In):. Protect furnishings from burns. Itains or water. Replace or pay for damaged articles. Use your key and return it when iron leave permanently. Make agreements about laundry trivilce.es and live up to them. Know what provisions arc to be nade for use of the iron. Arrange time for use of the bathroom. Leave tub and basin clean. Use water and other supplies with discretion. Limit length of telephone conversations. Pay for long distance calls promptly. Use radio with care. Save heat. Turn off radiator when window is open. Respect the rest time of others. Inform the hostess where you go for any length of time. Pay rent in advance on date agreed WM. C. BAKKUM CHIROPRACTOR In Postvllle Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays If You're the Hostess. Be especially fastidious about your house. Outsiders are likely to be more critical. It's customary to fur nlsh clean bed linen weekly and towels twice a week. Provide equipment for cleaning the bathtub and bowl. Supply heat and hot water essential for well-being of all, within the limits of fuel allotments. Make provisions for washing and ironing. Provide adequate furniture and fur nishings for comfort. Make living room available for your guest's entertaining. (Regular nights may work out best.) Be business-like. Make sure guest understands all rates. < Arrange for prompt receipt of mail Respect your guest's privacy and personal rights. Discuss disagreements objectively and try to reach an understanding as soon as troubles are discovered. Cross-check your list with that of your guest. If you expect that person to "keep tub clean," add it to your own responsibilities as well. "Do unto others ' is never trite and always true. unoewronomG IOWA CMlLOPvCn Efficiency of production may sound like a high-toned phrase for professors to use but it's as practical as a bushel of corn. Efficiency of production on the farm means getting more pigs per litter and saving them, more milk per cow, more eggs per hen, more bushels per acre. H. B. Howell, Iowa State College farm management specialist, says this year, with farm costs going up, efficiency of production Is going to mean more cash at the end of the year for the farmers who apply the phrase. Take the matter of number of pigs per litter. The average farmer loses a third of his pigs from farrowing to weaning time. The efficient producer cuts that loss to almost nothing. He does it by having good stock to start with and by providing guard rails and brooders in the farrowing pens when the pigs arrive. He gives those sows and litters constant attention, too. Good stock, proper culling and planned feeding add up to efficient production In the dairy herd, Howell says. About this time each year a number of farmers get low on good hay. They don't let their production slump, though. They maintain the good cows' ration with a protein sup plement. And all the time they are marking the cows that have to be culled because their production is too low. Efficient poultry raisers. Howell says, already are on the all-pullct program, because they've found pullets to be more efficient producers of eggs. l »0nS0K6D W TM€ I Oil* CHILD weirPM MstAuu nation A YOUNG CHILD'S MANNERS. "How can you keep a child from saying the wrong things?" asked an embarrassed parent. "By telling him how to say the right thing," replied Jackie's mother. "I had an experience like that only yesterday. "Jackie and I met an elderly lady on the street. Jackie smiled at her and said, 'Hi, old lady "Didn't you simply swoon with confusion?" asked the first parent. "Why swoon when a child makes a mistake?" said Jackie's mother. "It is more sensible to keep your head level and show him how to correct the mistake. "I told Jackie that when we speak to a jady we should say, 'Hi, nice lady.' 'I concentrated on 'nice.' I will ignore 'Hi' for awhile for Jackie is only three and he cannot learn all of the social graces at once America Wins O-^vO By RICHARD HILL WILKINSON (McClure Syndicate—WNU Service.) Save Your Moist Corn By Adding More Water "Jackie caught on very quickly. I Pullets have to bThoused "and fed | h°P» hls next social slip will be as easily corrected. I can see," said the first parent, 'that common sense is a better teacher than embarrassment, especially when it is your own child that says the wrong thing." right, though. Self-feeders divided into compartments for grains and mashes take the guess work out of poultry feeding. On most farms, Howell concludes, it's the little things that add up to efficient production. And those little things add up to dollars in increased NcW* Varieties Ready profll! " For Trials In Gardens i Oat Sowing Rate Has Influence On The Yield IJOSEPH B. STEELE ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Office Over Aberncthy's Store Telephone No. 240 DR. H. D. COLE Dentist Office Over Citizens State Bank [Dr. F. W. KIESAU, M.D. |Dr. M. F. KIESAU, M. D. Office Over Louis Sehuttc's Hours—Dally 9 to 12 and 1 to 5 Wed. and Sat.—7 to 8:30 p. m. PLAN GARDEN SIZE TO SUPPLY YEAR'S NEEDS For the gardener who's planned his regular 1946 garden planting, and is considering something new for exit you sow more than three bushels perimental or variety purposes, here of well cleaned, high germinating are some suggestions from Larry oats per acre you're throwing seed Grove, garden specialist at Iowa State away. That's indicated by results of College, sowing experiments conducted since 1942 at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, says L. C. Burnett, Iowa State College agronomist There wasn't much gain from sowing 12 pecks instead of 10, either. The in crease only amounted to about one Dr. C. M. Morgan VETERINARIAN Office Opposite Post Office Telephone No. 146-J LOUIS SCHUTTE WILLARD SCHUTTE ; Funeral Directors and Entbalmcrs Cut Flowers For All Occasions How big should my garden be" As big as you can make it, homemaker ! The world's a pretty big place, and there are millions of others who must eat. too. But here's a way to determine how big your garden must be to lake care of your own family. Jewel Graham, extension nutritionist at Iowa State College, says to take stock of your canned and frozen food on hand now. If amounts correspond with your family's needs between now and the time of garden harvest, your last year's estimates were good. If, on the other hand, you will need to supplement those supplies with fruits and vegetables you could have preserved, you should step up last year's production. As to tomatoes, a guide to planting is Miss Graham's suggestion that the average family of four should have two quarts a week for the long out-of- scason year. In short. Miss Graham says your home garden should produce 100 quarts of canned or frozen fruits and vegetables for each person, divided in to 30 quarts tomatoes, 20 quarts green vegetables, 10 quarts other vegetables and 40 quarts fruit. These amounts should be supplemented with fresh, dried, brined and the stored garden products. bushel per acre. So Burnett suggests desire to try out new varieties should a sowing rate of three bushels where do so only in a small way, Grove largest acre yield is desired. states For the man who wishes to get The Fordhook Magruder No. 242 maximum increase from a limited oat bush lima bean, a 1945 AU-American seed supply—like those who are rais- selection, did not perform as well as ing Clinton oats this year—lighter expected in home gardens. Plants did seeding rates are the thing. not yield uniformly and they were A seeding rate of one bushel per very susceptible to disease. The quali acre with Clinton in 1944 and 1945 ty was good, but for dependability and BURLING & PALAS ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW ! Office Over Postvllle State Bank THINGS GO WRONG. I. W. MYERS, M.D. Office Over Luhman & Sanders Telephones: [Office 188-W Residence 188-X Dr. R. F. Schneider VETERINARIAN {Phone No. 170 Postvllle, low* Day and Night Calls Answered [Mice In The Iris Theatre Building Eveiys are piling up for the Lester Hintons of Rockwell City—and they aren't good ones. One day recently, their summer cottage at Twin Lakes burned. The day following the fire, Hinton accompanied by Arthur Wolff was driving to Rochester, Minn. They struck some icy pavement and the car landed in the ditch. A new fender and door will soon adorn the Ford, a new cottage will replace the one destroyed, and things will bo back to normal for the Hinton family. LEANING CHIMNEY FALLS. For a number of years, residents of Waverly have expected the "leaning chimney" at the Bremer Packing Com pany plant to fall. Last week, the chimney did fall, but it took manpower to do the job. Bricks were removed and blocks put in, then a truck pulled out the blocks starting the chimney on its way. The 90-foot chimney had not been used for a number of years, and had become a dangerous thing to huve around. lonona and Postvllle Rendering Service W« Pay Up To— $2.50 . For Horses and Cows Permit 48 [for Prompt Service Telephone POSTVILLE LOCKER SERVICE Telephone No. 288 I Monona Farmers Phonr No, MS These varieties haven't been thoroughly tested, but here's a report on their performance this season in a few home gardens in Iowa. Grove points out that the 1945 season was cool and moist for the most part. Gardeners who are interested and gave an average yield of 62 bushels per acre. Sowing two bushels returned 72 bushels per acre and the three bushel rate gave 74 bushels. The important thing in a case like this is to sow enough oats so weed competition will not cut the yield, Burnett says. Early sowing is the best way to production, gardeners should stick to Henderson bush lima. A very limited trial of Slobolt lettuce by home gardeners showed up with what were considered desirable eating qualities. Slobolt and Early Curled Simpson were compared under the same conditions. Early Curled Simpson was going to seed by July 16. step up the yield and to keep up bushel while Slobolt showed no signs of a weight. Experiments made at the col- seed stalk. A small amount of seed lego in 1944 and 1945 show a drop in will be available this year yield of more than six bushels per acre Logan bush snapbeans were tried by when oats were sown after April 16 as some gardeners in almost every coun- compared to those sown in the first ty in Iowa. In spite of the wet season half of April. Delaying sowing until the plants generally stayed green long the first half of May cut the yield by er than some standard varieties. The 22 bushels. Logan appears to be more resistant to Bushel weight of the oats sown after disease, and the pods have been ob the first two weeks in April was l',4 served to be uniform. Sixty days was pounds less for the period April 16 to 30 and 4% pounds less when sowing was not done until the first half of May. The rate-of-sowing trials included Clinton, Marion, Tama,' Osage and CI 4327 varieties. TOWN IS GONE. the average time to maturity from planting. Logan is considered comparable to Stringless Pod, Tendergreen and the like. The Golden Grain hybrid sweet corn awarded honorable mention in the 1945 All-American selection, does not have quality. Stalks and ears arc large. The variety that gardeners might consider for a limited trial is Tendcrmost. Its table quality is considered good. The hybrid cucumber gave variable results in home gardens. Some of the The general store building, with a hall above, has been sold and will be moved away, thus ending all signs of the town of Poplar. All that remains of the once prosperous town is the poorer yields may have been due to cemetery. The store had been closed lack of pollination by the bees, for several years. Included in the A Fordhook Hybrid tomato, in gen sale to John Sunburg of Audubon was eral - starts to mature early and keeps a house which will be moved. The fruiting through the * nu store will be torn down for its lumber and the land will probably be farmed. Allamakee Rendering Works Call 555 Postville ALL DEAD ANIMALS LARGE OR SMALL We Pay Cash and Meet All Competition WE WILL PAY FOR THE CALLI 5AL5BURY SAL 'Ufttn, top, I'm /tally] stttMtt, 'ivtmtsmtthiagtt tost mybrta thing, Spray mt with stmtCAH-PMhSAL Tina I btt I 'll surt fHlswtll* OR, SALSBURy'S CAN- PHO-SAL ktlpi looicn mucin *nd phksm*—from noiljiU «nd thiott —h.lpt chiclet bftatht c.ti.i Don't f«l thott > bodtiufftintcdltuly UwCANPHO-SAL «t 4 tprdy, mhdUnl oi cl««nun9 nmt wtth season. The fruits are small and shaded by plenty of foliage which should prevent sun scald. There seems to be nothing unusual about its quality. HEADQUARTERS FOR POULTRY HELP Four-County Hatchery Phone No. 234 Postvllle, low**' Chicken Preparation Chicken, the great American favorite, may be prepared in many ways. Some of the most widely used methods of preparation are: Chicken pie, roast chicken and | dressing, broiled chicken, fried chicken, baked chicken with either rice or mushroom sauce, fricassee of chicken, creamed chicken on toast or in potato baskets, chicken salad, chicken sandwiches, chicken soup and many other tasty variations of some of these methods of prepara tion. Gravies made from the giblets and soup made from cracking and recooking the bones, help as meat extender*. Link Sausages When frying link sausages, keep draining oft fat as it gathers. Later, you'll enjoy it in savory gravy or as seasoning. Use tongs or two forks to turn links once or twice— you should never prick the skins. Finished sausage has a speckled | brown color. It's underdone if it's pinkish. Serve well done on a warm platter, 'tlT'HEN the war broke out no one v ' was more thrilled about it than Peggy Stuart. Peggy was twenty and romantic. A week later her borther Chet came down from Rot- tershom. He was wearing the uniform of a corporal. Peg looked at him and there were tears in her eyes; it seemed as though she would burst with pride. "Oh, Chet, you look simply wonderful! I'm so proud of you—-I—I could almost weep." And she did. She brushed away her tears and laughed. "It won't take very long to whip them, darling, to teach those Midlanders they can't sink our ships." She searched his face. "Is —Cary coming down?" Instantly Chet sobered. "I believe so. He couldn't get away until this evening. Cary doesn't think as you and I do, Peg." Peggy knew a feeling of apprehension. She wouldn't let herself believe that her fears were justified. When Cary arrived she was alone. He swept her into his arms. "Hello, darling. Sorry I couldn't come down with Chet—Good heavens, what's wrong?" "Nothing. Nothing except that I expected you'd be wearing a uniform." "I see." Cary's face grew sober. "So it's got you, too?" "Got me?" Peggy's eyes blazed. "If you mean the spirit of patriotism that every true blooded American should.have at a time like this, the answer is yes." "All right, honey. No need to get upset. I didn't mean to condemn you for the way you feel You're young and you can't know the meaning of war." "Can't I? Well, let me tell you this: I know that your country needs you, needs every man available. Our ships have been sunk, our people killed, our honor insult ed by a nation that has had her eye on us for the last decade. I know that every citizen with a drop of loyal blood in his veins should stand ready to defend his country!" i "Defend it—yes. When it needs defending I'll be there. But not when an American vessel carrying supplies and ammunition to another warring nation has been torpedoed. That isn't invasion." "Cary Easton, you're a coward and a traitor to say that!" "Of course, I'm afraid. Who wouldn't be? Who isn't? Why—" But Peggy had turned and fled. It was a month later that Peggy read in the paper's about Cary's enlistment. She sat down and wrote to him. She loved him, and loved him in spite of everything. Cary answered her letter. He had thought over what she had said. That's why he had enlisted—because he loved her and wanted her more than anything. More, even, than life. He tried to see her, but at the last minute his regiment was shipped south and from there it embarked three days later for the war zone. Within the month she heard news of her brother's death—shot down on the battlefield. An honorable death, the dispatch read. This was in May. In September she stopped hearing from Cary. There was a terrible ache and pain in her heart, a fear, an emptiness. Hope remained alive, but it was a miserable hope. In December an armistice was declared. According to the newspapers America had won the war. The Midlanders had been suppressed. There was rejoicing and celebrating on all sides. The first boat load of returning soldiers came home in January. Peggy stood in the icy wind and watched them disembark. Cary was not among them. In May the last boat load arrived. Peggy was not at the dock to meet it. She had given up hope. And yet hope lived again when she heard a knock at her door. She opened it and looked at the man standing there. After a while she recognized him. It was Cary—what was left of Cary. Something caught at her heart; a sob escaped her lips. Hours later they sat in front of the fire, and Peggy looked up into the bitter, distorted features of the man she had sent away, and said: "Things are going to be just the same, darling—just as we planned. I—I want to get married at once." "Don't be a fool, Peggy. Why, there's nothing left of me. Do you think for a minute I'd ruin your life by marrying you? fyord! I'll never be able to work again as long as I live. I'd be a millstone." He laughed bitterly. "I—only came back to show you—that I was right." Peggy reached up and kissed him. Then she put him to bed and left him. For hours she sat alone in the living room, planning how they'd live together, how they'd get along, how she'd take care of him. The next morning she stole into Cary's room to see if he was awake. But he wasn't. He lay on the bed still and cold. There was a Uny phial on the table beside the bed, empty. And near it was a note, written in Cary's hand. "Good-by, darling. Forgive me. It was cruel of me to come back, but I wanted you to know, to see for yourself—" 1 Outside a band was playing, The townfolks were celebrating the re turn of their heroes. America had won the war. A number of Iowa farmers arc convinced it's easier to save high moisture corn from spoiling by adding water than it is by taking water out. Last year these men made ear corn silage from their corn that tested high in moisture. With corn In many sections of the state running dangerously high in moisture this year, Iowa State College livestock specialists point out that silage may be the answer for farmers with cattle or hogs on feed. As a cattle feed, ear corn silage ranks right along with corn and cob meal on a dry matter basis. And the silage can be used fairly satisfactorily for hogs weighing more than 75 pounds. Cattle feeding trials at Iowa State College now arc aimed at getting more of the answers on ear corn silage feeding. Ear corn silage made from high moisture corn last fall is being compared with regular silage and corn in the feeding trials. In making car corn silage the main consideration is to add enough water to the silage to bring the moisture content up to at least 45 percent. Engineers at the college say there is a simple way to figure the amount of water to add. For every bushel of ear corn, by volume, IVi gallons of water should be added for each 10 percent of extra moisture needed. If the ear corn has 25 percent moisture before chopping or grinding, then 20 percent more is needed in the silage. This means that three gallons of water should be added for each bushel of corn. For ear corn testing 30 percent moisture, 2H gallons of water are needed for each bushel made into silage. Permanent silos can be used if the diameter is small enough to permit the feeding of from three to five inches oft* the top every day once the silo is opened. Temporary silos can be made from heavy fencing or from slat cribbing, reinforced with No. 9 wire and lined with a double thickness of waterproof paper. Farmers over the state arc being urged to test their corn for moisture content and to take steps to handle the crop if it tests about 20 percent, which is considered the approximate danger mark. PLOW CORNSTALKS UNDER FOR OATS Unless Iowa farmers stop disking oats in on corn ground, they will continue to be troubled by the corn borer, now so active in eastern Iowa counties. If one or two farmers disk in their oats, they make it possible for the borer to infest fields of many farmers in the area. If this source of the borer is to be stamped out, every farmer must follow the practice of clean plowing of corn ground for oats planting. H. D. Hughes, head of farm crops at Iowa State College, says that the practice of disking in oats encourages the corn borer, and here's why: Infested crop residues which have been disked and not plowed under furnish an idealplace for the borers to live over. They harbor over winter in this residue, emerge as moths in the spring and infest all of the cornfields near the disked-in oat field. Rather than disk oats in. farmers would have more success both in yield and in borer control if they would plow clean, pack the ground, drill in the oats and pack again. The yield would increase, less seed would be used in drilling than in broadcasting, and stands of oats and legumes would be more uniform and of better quality. Here's another alternative for the farmer who wants to get his oats in early. Oats can be disked in on soybean stubble. No borers are present in this legume stubble, and therefore it cannot bo a source of infestation to surrounding cornfields. Also, the farmer can get oats in as early as he wants. Mother's Food Recommended foods for the ex-, pectant mother include one quart of milk daily; two servings daily of green or yellow vegetables; two servings of fruits or raw vege-, tables every day; one egg daily; a large serving of lean meat every, day; whole grain cereals and bread twice daily; more than usual amounts of water; and extra vitamin D secured either from sunlight or fish liver oil. Weedy Lawns The most common sources of weeds in lawns are impure seed mixtures, weedy top soil and manure incorporated before seeding, or top-dressed afterwards, and windblown seeds. COMMAWPCP w Liorr. JOHN P. BucwfiBf RAW UP A RECORP OF DESTROYING SiVM MP SHIPS. LATER, HE ENTEREP 0/ NAA16ABW, PHILIPPINES, WHERE UNPER FIRE OF MACHINE 6UNS ANP SHORE BATTERIES HE SANK A 5,000 ION VESSEL ANP GOT AWAVSAFELY/. <*-#tc>. v

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