SATURDAY, DECEMBER 31, 19S» BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THREE UNKRA Spells New Life for Korea By LT. GEN. JOHN B. COULTER, USA Agent General, 1). N. Korean RecotutrucUoa Agency (Distributed by, NBA Service) SEOUL, Korea — (NBA) —- In a rice growing valley ringed by green hills southwest of here a young woman tends a cotton carding machine shipped halfway around the world. Two years ago this modern textile plant was nothing but bomb-twisted wreckage. INSIDE add UNKRA Spells 4-48 — Down the road new pulping and pressing machines turn out four tons of paper dally for a country whose paper-making industry not long ago was at a standstill, disrupted by war. Nearby, workmen finish 100 model homes for families long pressed to find a roof over their heads in cities raked by fighting. The cottages are made with the help of machines from South Africa which press the reddish valley clay into solid building blicks. These activities, all wijhin a short walk of each other, exemplify how the people of the Republic of Korea are building a new life with the help of friends abroad. Many of the basic sinews of this rebuilding program have been provided by the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency. They include materials for schools, homes, hospitals, factories, mines, dams and fishing ports,. Thus the symbol "UNKRA" has become a familiar part of dally life for thousands of men, women and children. It means a new career for a one- armed veteran who is learning to operate a welder's torch with the aid of metallic fingers. Fot the farmer it means larger crops because UNKRA bulldozers and construction materials arrived last spring to irrigate fields. And markets as UNKRA-aided fishing crews increase the country's traditional harvest from the sea. The eight-year-old school boy in a classroom in a hill here may not realize it, but the walls around him were rebuilt with lumber shipped in by UNKRA. The book in his hand came from a new printing plant where each press bears the United Nations symbol. He is one of more than 200,000 students who are attending classes in rooms repaired or built with UNKRA-imported supplies and lo- US Charges Red Distorted Meaning of Popes Message WASHINGTON <Sf) — The United States has accused the Communists of distorting the "real meaning" of the Christmas appeal by Pope Pius XII for an end to.the atomic arms race. The United States information Agency, through the Voice of America, Its internationaJ radio broadcasting system, has been telling the world this week that the position taken by the Pope is substantially the same as that taken by Western leaders. The pontiff last weekend advocated a 3-pnrt program consisting of an international agreement to end nuclear experiment*, renunciation of the use of atomic weapons, and the adoption of an effective system of armament controls. Russia has talked for years about great deal about verbal pledges relating to the renunciation of nuclear weapons," the Voice said. "But unhappily they have not shown an equal Interest In the measures of control and inspection which would give force and certainty to such verbal pledges. "Free nations strongly favor the renunciation of nuclear weapons in combination with effective controls In fact the united states proposed such a step almost 10 years ago as part of Its plan for international control of atomic energy. But then as now the Soviet union rejected this combination of pledges and of controls to verify the pledges... "The Pope points to the real difficulties in this field when he speaks of 'the mutual suspicions that often trouble the dealings or getting a. general ban on atomic) the powers concerned.' weapons and more recently about putting an end to nuclear experiments by common agreement. The United States and its Western Allies have insisted that such steps would create a false illusion of peace unless they were backed up by truly effective controls, including President Elsenhower's plan for aerial inspection. The Voice of America, which has to far given the only reaction from American official sources, said that "the Communists who have ahvays been the bitterest enemies of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church have attempted to pull parts of the Pope's message out of context and to make propaganda capital out of them." "What they have done," the Voice said, "is not merely to violate the spirit of the pontiff's pronouncement but to distort its real meaning." The Voice said that the real problem implicit in the Pope's program is "to achieve these goals together" — the goals of ending nuclear experiment, banning the use of atomic weapons and establishing effective controls. "ovlet leaders and Communist spokesmen elsewhere have talked a "And like the statesmen of the Western democracies the pontiff sees his three steps toward peace not as separate slogans but as Interdependent parts of a single program." WIRE-MAKING MACHINERY is tended by Korean women In factory t at Anyang, rebuilt from war ruins with help of UNKRA. cat labor. Some 12 million text books have been turned out by a printing plant equipped by UNKRA. Much has been done to improve health. With the help of UNKRA, for example, a National Rehabili- tation Center has been opened at Tongnae, near Pusan. Here crippled children are teaming to walk again. And war veteran amputees are given courses in order to earn a living. ICC Orders Railroad Rate Slash WASHINGTON (If) — The Interstate Commerce Commission yesterday ordered a major slash In railroad rates on transcontinental shipments of manufactured goods moving to and from the Far ;Wcst. « also directed a general revision of freight charges within that territory. The changes, which must be made effective by next June 1, are estimated U> involve a yearly 10 — million — dollar reduction In freight billing on the Par West business. Today's action was described as an interim rate adjustment. It marked a further step in a 16- year -old ICC proceedings designed bring about some degree of uniformity in railroad charges on "class rate" freight — principally processed articles—in all parts of the country. Rates were made uniform from the East Coast to the Rocky Mountains in May 1952. State's Polio Case Rate Down LITTLE ROCK UP)— Barring an epidemic of unprecedented proportions, Arkansas this year will register its Lowest number of poliomyelitis cases since 1948. The number of polio cases reported through the first 51 weeks of 1955 total 186. said the state Health Department Thursday. This compares with 354 cases for trie corresponding period last year and 186 cases for the entire year of 1948. No cases were reported in Arkansas last week/said the department Read Courier News Classified Ads. "ST. ANSCAR SIX" LEARN THEIR DOWNBEATS-At St Ansgar Hospital, Moorhead, Minn., recently, an autoharp got together with a piano, a snare dnsm. violin, guitar and an accordionJ Behind the instruments were the six Franciscan nuns, pictured a'nove with their administrator. Air are bent on learning their musical up and down b*?ats It's strictly an uphill battle, but the sisters are practicing with inspired determination. Only pir-nist Sister Bernice is an accomplished musician. The sisters' orchestra u-j]] concentrate on "popular songs and hymns—no jazz,* : says Sistert Mary Joseph* edmmistrator They're setting their sights on Christmas, 1956, for their first per-) formance. so this Christma? the sisters' hospital choir will again entertain the patients. "St. Ansgari Six" includes, left to right, front row Sisters Othiha. Germain, Marcita and Bernice. Back low: Sisters Phyllis and AnneiJa In black habit is Sister Mary Joseph. U of A Gets Science Grant ATLANTA, Ga. M>j — A $26,375 grant to finance a summer institute for high science teachers has been made to the University of Arkansas by the National Science Foundation, The award was announced here Thursday night. Men Believed More Deadly RICHMOND, Va. (if)— Insurance underwriters disagree with Kipling's famous line. They think the male driver under 25 is more deadly than the female—especially if he is unmarried. Proposals for revised liability insurance rates, filed with the state, ask increases up to 43^6 per cent for unmarried male drivers under 25 Such drivers who are married would get off Lighter and girls in the same age bracket—married or unmarried —would get a decrease. SEA'S CONTENT The Dead Sea, lowest spot oo earth, is said to contain about two billion tons of potash, 22 billion tons of magnesium chloride, 980 million tons of bromid, and 11 billion tons of sodium chloride, or comm'on salt. Dog Helps Rescue Dog ST. NICHOLAS AT WADE, England (>P)—A mongrel named Bella fell into a hole 40 feet deep Thursday. This was a lucky thing for a thoroughbred boxer named Woo Woo, who had been sitting at the bottom for four days hoping somebody would turn up. Bella's master Ross Bladock descended the abandoner sewer shaft with a rope ladder and was astonished to find not only Bella but Woo Woo as well. He rescued both dogs unharmed. Woo Woo was restored to hi?' mistress. Miss Triston Jones. She said he vanished Christmas Day. "Except for Bella," she declared, "he would have starved to death." RUSTIC INN Pre-lnventory Clearance Sale Dollar Days Are Here Again '/i Pan Fried Spring Chicken $1.00 Fried Extra Select Oysters $1.00 Fried Jumbo Gulf Shrimp $1.00 Breaded Veal Cutlet $1.00 Country Fried Steak $1.00 French Fried Potatoes and Green Vegetables served with the above. Frog Legs Flounder Lobster Tails White River Catfish ' Lake Trout Choice Steaks 4 Private Dining Rooms For Parties — Private Dining Room Service For Parties of 2 to 120 Persons. Dinners Can Be Attractively Boxed To Take Out S&E SUPER MAR! T Highway 61 North We Deliver— Phone 3-9663 • Modern Self Service Facilities • Choice Meats • Finest Produce • Quality Groceries • Frozen Foods Enjoy Modern, Self-Service Shopping with no parking problem at any time. Shop S .4V E for Quality. . NAT FIRST WISHES YOU A As the New Year dawns, we wish you 366 days filled with good fortune and happy achievement. May your every venture be successful and good health and prosperity attend you throughout the year. We wish we might tel I each one of our many friends and customers personally: "We appreciate your patronage more than we can say! Thank you for your business in 1955 and we hope you will give Nat First the chance to serve you in 1956!" THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK Blytheville, Arkansas Only National Bank in Mississippi County—Member F.D.I.C.
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