Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa on March 20, 1946 · Page 2
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Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa · Page 2

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Postville, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 20, 1946
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Page 2
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PAGE TWO. CAPITOL NEWS LETTER (Weekly news release of the Iowa Press Association. Material contained herein does not necessarily conform to the editorial policy of this newspaper.) Nebraska and Illinois: are understood to have designated Highway 6 in their states as the road to be '.inked with a federal highway whicn may cause some complications. With the deadline for filing past, printers are at work making up the primary election ballots and candidates for the nominations arc letting no grass crow under their feet. Gas rationing is no more and that is evidenced by the way the candidates arc getting around. Gov. Robert D. Blue, up for re-r.nmination. is making speeches as they come, his schedule taking him into all parts of the state. His opponent, George Olmsted, is making a swing through some of the larger cities to get his organization established and is making some radio addresses. Frank Miles, the Democratic hope, had numerous speaking engagements before he announced. He wrote to each group before which he was scheduled to appear offering to withdraw as a speaker if his becoming a political candidate since his acceptance of the ap pearance embarrassed the local group in any way. Olmsted has set up a headquarters in the Savery hotel in Des Moines while Blue's is a block away at the Kirkwood. Miles is expected to set up his headquarters in the Fort Des Moines hotel. The race is on. HIGHWAY DESIGNATION. Although Highway 30 was designated sometime ago as the highway through Iowa to be linked up with a federal cross-country highway, cities on Highway 6 have banded together to induce the highway commission to change its decision and name that road. No action has been taken on the request. t\ NEW CHIEF. New chief of the Iowa highway patrol is S. N. Jespersen. 41. of Maple Hill, a member of the patrol since it was formed in 1935. He is the first chief to come from the ranks. A lieutenant in the patrol. Jespersen has been on leave of absence to act as superintendent of the motor vehicle division of the public safety department for over a year. Public Safety Commissioner Fred L. Wilkins passed over two patrol captains. Claude Shearer and Clarence B. Day. to select Jespersen to succeed the late Chief C. A. iClint* Knee who died in office. when two legislators spoke out on the subject at Cedar Rapids. Senator Frank C. Byers told of some of the school legislation passed by the 1945 legislature and wound up his talk by saying teachers are not paid enough. Rep. John R. Gardner echoed his remarks. Assure Yourself A Supply of MEYER'S Winter Bred-To-Lay CHICKS By placing an order for your requirements NOW Prospects are bright for the poultry breeder who should have another profitable year in 1946-1947. To cash in on biggest profits, buy the kind of chicks that will mature rapidly for market and egg laying. Our chicks have these fine qualities bred into them—that's why year after year our customers come back and demand our baby chicks. We are now booking orders for hatches— place yours today! MEYER'S Four-County Hatchery Telephone 234 OPPOSED TO MEMORIAL. Senator George A. Wilson of Iowa has expressed himself as opposed to the idea that the federal government should coin a souvenir half dollar to help finance the state's 100th birthday observance this year. The plan was to sell the half dollars to Iowans and others as souvenir pieces for $1 each. The senator said that he felt the state should be able to finance its centennial observance without selling its citizens 50-cent pieces at a dollar each. STAMP DESIGN. The state centennial commission has chosen the painting "Westward," which hangs over the landing between the first and second floors of the statehouse as the design to be used on the Iowa centennial stamp which the postoffice department will issue. Whether the design will be accepted by the department remains to be seen The design was selected after numer ous others were considered. NEW MEMBER. Herbert Haugc, the new member of the state board of control, has been getting acquainted with his job by visiting the 15 institutions under the board in person. It is thought that he is preparing a survey of what should be done to present to Governor Blue, who may base his recommendations regarding the abolition of the full-time board on it. HOUSING CONFERENCE. Governor Blue's housing conference, to which governors of 14 midwestorn states have been invited, has been changed from March 23 to March 25 so that more may attend. It is hoped that from this conference may come the solution to the shortage in these states. The Iowa governor has four different organizations urging that he call a special session of the legislature to deal with the problem. It is thought that he has refrained from committing himself on his thoughts as to a special session until after the housing conference. History in Iowa shows that gov ernors, as a rule, do not like to call special sessions. Cites OPA Razzle-Dazzlc As Slowing Up Business STATE INCOME TAX DUE. Now that the date for filing your federal income tax blank is past, it is time to start thinking about the state income tax deadline which is March 31 as usual. Iowans will get the relief that they have had for the last three years in that the tax they will pay will be reduced by 50 percent from the normal rate. This will be another issue before the 1947 legislature—whether to extend the 50 percent reduction for another two years or whether to let the present act die a natural death since it applied only to 1945 and 1946. If it is not extended, the regular 100 percent rate will go back into effect in 1947. GROUP Of TANK? R 0NP£R LtEUT. WM.SENTRy, KW0CKEP OUT ALL 0PP0SIH6 3AP TANKS W TOE f/l?*r TANK BATTLE/N ^ AMERICAN HISTORY , the name had become tne nam. VVinlleld Scott, Sec- so well tablislied that Gen. rotary of War. directed that the military 'base for the dragoons be ••Fort Des Moines" Later, a which became the was given that name, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 20, 1J4|, rETS HAVE GONE. called i town city of Des Moines and was designated in 1855 to be the seat of the state government. Sell it thrrugh a Herald Want Adl Bobbie Kmidson c»f Irwin h as ^ bad luck with his pets so far. Thn, years ago, his pet dog "Sparkcy" w „ run over and killed. Last' Wctk another truck was Instrumental | n killing his dog "Pixie." Last foil hij white rabbit died. All that is left | 0[ the little boy to piny with are hi: white hens. Iowa Territorial Delegate Sent to Congress in 1836 SAFETV. For the first two and a half months of 1946 the highway death toll from traffic accidents soared to more than 100—far above 1945 when gasoline rationing was still in effect. At that rate the deaths will reach the 400 mark by Christmas which would ruin Iowa's good safety record of the last few years. In the nation the rate is increasing also. In six years time at the present rate, it is predicted by authorities that deaths on the highways will exceed those of Americans in World war II unless something is done to curb them. KUESTER OPPOSED TO PLAN. Rep. Gus Kuester, Griswold, who is a candidate for re-nomination and re election to the Iowa house, has taken a stand in opposition to the proposal that the board of control be abolished as a full-time board in favor of part-time policy making board. He believes that the full-time board is needed to carry out the business duties connected with operating the institutions. He is in favor of the plan to hire three experts to administer the program at the institutions. One would be a psychiatrist, another a penologist and the third a child welfare worker, under a plan outlined by Governor Blue. The plan proposed by the governor policy making board for the present and others would substitute part-time full-time board. The part-time board would be composed of some of the state's most eminent citizens, just as is the present board of education. Apparently we are not alone in our attitude of not liking or approval of the O. P. A. in "keeping prices down says the Independence Bulletin-Journal. Here are actual facts, substan tiated by the word of a reputable In dependence resident, who vouches for the following facts: As a matter of record, in scanning 143 farm auctions the past year we find seven tractors were sold at auction while between 80 to 90 tractors were sold at private sale, not being listed with the farm machinery. Also two corn pickers and one combine were listed for auction while between 35 to 40 went at private sale and 12 to 15 combines went the same way. Furthermore an estimated 9-10ths of the corn formerly sold at auction went at private sale, the remaining 10th going at auction. Reasons for this are apparent with no remarks other than OPA's attitude toward this merchandise is necessary. In the used car field we find that where formerly 85 percent of this type of cars were handled by automobile dealers, now approximately four percent go through these channels. With the high prices being paid for these machines and the rapid turnover of them at the present time, what is the. answer? You know without being told. In another instance, we are told a man in Independence who had been sharpening saws for 50 cents received a letter a week or so ago informing him he should raise his price as he was doing the work below the O. P. A. ceiling. t With just these few instances as a background how can any sane individual, with his best interests at heart, be on the side of O. P. A. in its present form? We formerly maintained OPA had kept prices down— through keeping goods from the market. Now we aren't at all sure. The picture is beginning to look as if the OPA is a contributing factor towards these higher prices. At the present time each State in the Union is represented in Washington by two United States Senators and its representation in the' House is based on population. Under this rule Iowa has two Senators and eight members of the House of Representatives. In Territorial days it was not so. The act whereby Iowa became a separate Territory in 1838 provided that a Delegate to the House ot Representatives should be elected for a period of two years. This Delegate was to have all the rights and privileges of other Delegates. He had the privilege of debate but could not vote or serve on committees. William W. Chapman of Burlington was elected as the first Delegate from the Territory of Iowa. His term of office was enlivened by the critical Iowa-Missouri boundary war. Chapman is reported to have introduced into Congress the first preemption bill. He also secured grants for building two military roads. One was to run from Dubuque through Cascade. Monticello. Anamosa. Iowa City. Mount Pleasant, and on to the Missouri line. The other was to run from Burlington to the Indian Agency east of present- day Ottumwa. Chapman was succeeded by Augustus Caesar Dodge, who held the post of Delegate to Congress from 1840 until Iowa was admitted as a State in 1846. Dodge secured many appropriations for the Territory but his great contribution had to do with the admission of Iowa into the Union. He championed the cause of the Iuwa pioneers in Congress and helped iron out the difficulties arising over the proposed boundaries of the now State- of Iowa. The story of his career is told by Dr. Jacob A. Swisher in the January issue of "The Palimpsest." Origin Of The Name Of Iowa's Capital City SWITCHED COATS. Charles Cummings and Louis Stanford, Montezuma, apparently didn't know that their coats were not their own until they met each other on the street. All was settled peaceably. Another Montezuma man, Walter Hockey, got things a little mixed up one day last week. He got all ready to go to lodge meeting. That is all right, except that he did all of his preparations for the meeting on Thursday night while the meetings are held on Monday nights. TEACHER LEGISLATION. Another sign that teachers' legislation will come up again in the next legislature was forthcoming recently tmmmmam i At the Elevator i , I | JUST RECEIVED | ANOTHER CAR | FEEDING 1 OATS I Hall Roberts' Son 1 Postville, Iowa The name of the capital city of Iowa and the river on which it is situated is of Indian origin corrupted and modified by French explorers and map makers of the 17th century. The name of the river might have been Moingoina or Keosauqua. The name of Moingoua was preserved for the river on French maps until Iowa was admitted to the Union. According to Professor Coues: "The Indians called their place Moingoina. Moingoinan. Moingouninas — a word found in some form on very old maps. Later the French clipped the word to Moin. calling the people the Moins, and their river, la riviere des Moines, by spurious etymology." The French fur traders, who came from the south into Iowa and penetrated as far as the present state capital, spoke of the interior region as "demoyen," meaning the middle valley. A map made by Joliet in 1G74 gives another name to the great central river of Iowa, but on various later maps the name appears as De Moin, Des Moines, Demoin, DeMoyen, De- moir and Demon. The proper pronunciation is De Moin with the accent on the second syllable. By the time a military camp was located at The Raccoon Forks in 1843, BANK ACCOUNT] is the (KEY STONE J SUCCESS! Cooperation-Keynote of Our Customer Relationship A willing, friendly spirit of cooperation characterizes relationships between the Citizens State Bank and its customers. All the experience and broad facilities of this long-established bank are constantly at your disposal It is our objective to assist you in broadening the scope of service we render. Your inquiries are cordially invited. Citizens State Bank Postville, Iowa MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORP. FERTILIZER Have You Bought Yours? Don't be caught short again. Our present stock is all we can get for spring planting. Come in or phone us. POSTVILLE FEED MILL How would you CHART YOUR COURSE? Pictured here are the records of four "life lines" of our business—four things which largely control tho destiny of any business, whether it be a farm, a factory or a store. They arc Wages, Materials Costs, Prices, and Profits. Suppose these were pictures of what is going on in your own affairs. How would you chart your future course from these facts? • w AGE S Proposed f Increote ^ rt« am 160. I 1 MATERIALS — 1946 Increase*" not included 4t •4S With i *m p <orc *i »d ir>ct«Kim Wvij» rj'ei VM ! I KJ.O Men f *i ?<n tJ^'.'i per hcvjr ,n VJ4 1 tj SI m W<i—a jxn of By th« «r»d of 1945, p#lc«* on a'i moditiM oth»r than fan* product jr>d food hodoon»uo>9 2%%tncm 194 1 . CNjn do« not ihow •tfwet of 1946 if>ci»j*»i 100 '41 J P RICE S L TTIE CHANGE . • L 1 1 F • 1 Pi tOFI rs % *V • W -ll , .ith i tarn What about wages? Wanes have risen steadily for five years. Hefore the strike which began on January 21 in ten of our plants and which has choked off nearly all farm machinery production, earnings of employes of these plants averaged $l.lf>S an hour, not including any overtime. The Union demanded n M cents per hour increase and a Government hoard has now recommended a general increase of 18 cents nn hour, which would make average earnings $ l.X\ ' a an hour. Weekly average would he $53.40. What about materials? No one seems to know how high materials costs will go. The Government has increased steel prices as much as $12.00 a ton, with an average increase for all grades of 8.2',;,. Steel is the most important material wo buy, hut prices on other materialaare also increasing. What about prices? There has oiv/i no general increase in our prices since they were frozen by the (kiccrnmcnt in early 1912. Since then a few small increases have been allowed whero particular machines were substantially changed in design. What about profits? Hiak is part of the American profit and loss system, so wc do not, of course, ask either our customers or the Government to guarantee that we can ho certain of profits each year. The chart tells the story of our profits during the war. Although Harvester produced more goods than ever before, it had noctesire to get rich out of war, so our rnto of profit hns steadily gone .down. What our 1946 profit will ho is extremely uncurtain. What is the next step? As you can see, our present situation is that with frozen prices and declining profits, wo are askod to pay higher materials costs and to mako the biggest wago increase in tho history of tho Company. Can we do this? Wages and materials consume all but a fow cents of ovory dollar wo tako in. If our prices continue frozen, and cost of wages and Profit p «r dollar of wt« ha! dVclmed unli! In 1945 II wal lllohlly Ino" , »* c*nh, oi against 8.4 cintt in 194 I. materials continues to rise, obviously our Company will begin to operate at a loss at some point. The exact point at which operating at a loss would Btart is a matter of judgment. Government agencies and union leaders may havo opinions ns to where thnt point is. But if thoy turn out to be wrong, thoy can shrug their shoulders and say: "Well, it wasn 't my rcsponsiblity. / didn't mako the decision." Tho management of this Com- F any cannot and wiU not say that, t dares not gamble It has to bo sure. Continuation of our service to millions of customers, the future jobs of thousands of em­ ployes, and tho safety of the investments of 39,000 stockholders depend on our making as correct a decision as is humanly possible. What about future prices on farm machinery? The judgmentof Harvester's management no w is that wo cannot safely mako tho huge wage increnso recommended by tho Government unlil tho Government authorizes adequate increases in tho prices of farm machinory to cover the resulting increased cosU. That is not a judgment thnt makes us happy. The Company does not want to raiso prices. Wo prefer to lower prices, when possible, and we know our customers prefer to havo us do that. We havo produced at 1942 prices, and hoped wo could continue to do so. we havo dolayod seeking general prico relief in tho hope that it could be avoided. Now we are convinced that it cannot be avoidod any longor. Tho prico question must bo Hottlod. Until it is sottled wa do not seo how we can sottlo (ho wago question. Until tho wsgo question is settlod we do not fee how wo can resume production and begin turning out the farm machines which we know our farmer customers need. Becauso of tho important stako which both farmers and city dwellers havo in thia controversy, we are bringing those matters to your attontion. Through the cross currents of today's conditions, wo «r° trying to chart a courso that is fair to our employes, to our former customers, and toour stockholders. INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER

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