THE MALVfcRN LEADER Stops Yoor Tittw 14 Out W. P. WORTMAfl, Publisher Entered tn the Post Office at tfalvern, M, tecond, clags., .aail, matter. ferffti of Subscription: Payable hi On* copy one year - - - 12.00 One copy three months • .69 Ont copy six months - - 1.00 Single copy ------- .06 The date on the printed tag shows the time to which the sub- •wlptlon Is paid. KAtlONAL IDttp&tAt ASSOCIATION OFPIClAi, COtJirrr £AFER:*-AU the offceiat proceedings of flke Board of Supervisors are printed in fall U this paper. Advertising Rate* DISPLAY. 16 cents a column inch; 6 cents an loch additional fof composition. Extra fof gaaranteed position, LOCALS. Classified - LOCALS, among reading matter ****-- OWtoary poetry * - Resolutions - - - * - C*tA nf Thanki- • - ' 6c a line lOc a tine 6c a line 6c a line ..Bgg..... SEND CHANGES OF ADDRESS PROMPTLY LEADER gabscrlbers «r« aaked to notify the subscription department promptly of any chnngre* In their adrtrensMi. Under the new postal laws, newspaper* and pert- odlcaU must par poBtaite doe fof notices of any changes in address farnlibed by the post office. In addition, there In atoo the problem of delay In delivery or failure to get the paper. The ^best plan to to send the change of address In advance. .^____ EDITORIAL The Strike Goes On The failure of the governors of the middle west to convince President Roosevelt and Secretary Wallace of the justice of their demands has precipitated anew the farm strike problem already very much to the fore and Mllo Ueno, national president of the Farmers' Holiday Association, has ordered the strike to proceed. In some states this has resulted In increased disorders and some bloodshed, not BO much we believe by the members of the Holiday Association, as from groups ot men who have allied themselves with them and are carrying on, much ot the time without the backing of the association, and creating unusual excesses. What the Holiday Association Is asking Is fair enough. Their manner of asking may not be all that you desire, but the justice ot their demand Is evident. They ask for cost of .production plus a reasonable codes provided tor industry* arid commerce provide these very things. Why not for the farmer T And they are trying to submit a code for the farmer. Well, If a code is provided for every other line, why not one for the farmer? To ask this, however, the farmers' organizations should get together and ask it as a uult, rather , than as separate and individual organizations. In so far as the strike is concerned: Every one has a right to withhold his product from market until he can get a fair price for it, it he wants to. The trouble comes, not so much from withholding their own product, as from trying to force their neighbors and other farmers to do likewise. The Mills County Holiday Association have not done this. They have not approved force or picketing as done in other localities. Instead they have been quietly going to the other farmers and getting them to sign an agreement to hold their produce until a better price is reached. Large numbers have Yoii'll Find the Answer in this Remarkable OIL HEATER A hotter \vlilcU is fully automatic — requires no lighting, no adjusting, uo attention. A lieutcr which is clean ancj efficient — mechanical j utomizattou makes it pos- j slble to use the heavier and less expensive fuel oils which are clean uncj exeep- | Uouully ecoiioinUul. 8ttfi> uiwl tUlitut — T- fully approved by Underwriters' 1 Laborutoi-ii'is and unusually ! allent. Thesu features combtucU mum) that the McDONAU) UU. BURNUU U tbti must cuuveuleut, mast ecoumul- ful you tttu buy. You will ttml tlutt fully BuUwuiiii' tiHuUutuliiK !urimct< , tub eurryliiK uutl cullur dirt, will oust you ttu , tf uol lw*», t hit u olU Let u» «*t»l«lit mart* fully. , R, Cardwell done this. Nothing could be fairer. Many who believe in their cause do not believe in forcible picketing. They believe persons should have the right to use the public highway for marketing when they please. They also have a large following. These two factions should get together. They can get nowhere fighting each other. There are good men on both sides. News from the disarmament conference Is that delegates are still so nonplussed by the German withdrawal that they have been able to do nothing since. Disarmament conferences will never succeed In lightening the armament burden until delegates forget Such terms as parity, defense ratios, potential effectives and' others of like ilk. We are not well acquainted with the exact meanings of those terms but their use nearly always results In our building a few more battleships, getting a few more guns and spending a little more on the student military training departments. President Roosevelt Is succeeding only partly In his efforts to raise prices by buying gold. Gold buying, it seems to us, will do very little along that line unless it is accompanied by a currency Issue large enough to fill most ot the limit fixed by the gold-currency legal ratio. There are so many ways to put this currency into circulation in a fair and helpful manner that we cannot under-- The big problem before tbe liquor control commissions of the 48 states now is to find a method of taxing tbe supply after repeal. Such a tax, say the Idealists, must be so low that liquor can be sold cheap enough to discourage bootlegging, must be high enough to discourage drinking, and must bring in sufficient revenue to bring relief to the 10 per cent who pay 90 per cent of the income taxes. Just a simple little problem like that. This is American Education Week in Iowa. Our school system has become so much a part of our dally life that few of us take the time to think back to the days when it was an unsteady, haphazard affair which could be enjoyed only by a few fortunates. The American educational ideal — to make common school education available to every child regardless of social or financial standing' — has come only after years of steady plugging toward this goal by educational leaders. Today many believe the schools are facing an emergency. Certain it is that they are exceptionally short of financial support, but possibly not more so than was the average school of 30 years ago. And Indeed if this is the emergency the schools are facing, every business, every farmer — even every newspaper — 1ms been facing the same emergency for the past three years and has found that this increasing difficulty only stimulates the will to live, Education tor years struggled along with but a fraction of the financial support elveu it even In these reduced times. Schools wore wanned by under- ti'ulued. underpaid teachers who yet had tha Irresistible desire to impart learning to youth. Th« results achieved by Uiose schoola have often been, »v«rfwpUa»l,zod by ueutlinou- tullwts, hut they did »t jenst Miutulute thu desire for universal cuunuuu ttcliool. education, flrnst cirfy o* tl* f*e*1 of tergal edncatfou and tnm*t at the same time ftafce this etfft- catton fat more trsefnt to the student reeelvfnt it th*n is usually the ease. One well informed educator In Mills eonnty told ns recently that she believed education and the school system we-otd of tutluy are In mui-ti the gauiu ixuitiou a* were |t have bueu U ttHUltUttSt UwHiHl. Tata couiUtlttu will uuUcwi |u e**ffi fVero tti* «epfMsfon faf sfrftfiter wd far more necessary rtrftri ever before, tire fife el tfee deeireasloii Js and f contfirfte to cleanse the *enoote of tfee ftnfttfpoTtant Knd less feattrres. It wffi at tn* sante ti»e strengthen the vital parts atid ritaHas the whole uystew. MTille HftVlnj? A Wppfnl fit 2 n. m. One November Jflght Historians have fatted to note the predominant Influence ot the various periods of the United States. Careful study of them would reveal that most of the stuff now taught is balderdash (whatever that Is). -f-t-1- Mo*t characteristic index of the nation 1 * progress has been Its nse of tobacco. And not be* cnnne tobacco has furnished nn important part of the federal government's revenues. -f-t-1- When the country was young pipe smokers dominated the land. Judgment by our forefathers, which now seems so miraculously perfect, came only after long pondering over frequent plpefuls ot the Indian's great contribution to mankind. Our Constitution, for example, could never have been written without the philosophical stimulus ot the mellow briar. No man, or woman, whose nerves are unsteadied by cigers or cigarets could have conceived the ringing idealism of the Declaration of Independence. -f-t-1- Prom this age of deep thinking and pipe smoking came the American frontiersman — the men who pioneered in governmental theory, in opening up new wildernesses, in searching for a sounder philosophy. -f-t-1- The sudden change In course of our Ship of State can he seen as we notice the people taking to tobacco chewing. Gone was . thijja> right conclusions. Gone ! .wa tremendous idealism of the na tion's founders, Instead there came a period of grubbing for sustenance in the crudest and most unashamed manner. Gamblers on river steamers . . . storekeepers whose hands made a part ot every weighing . . . frontiersmen who no longer sought new fields to conquer . . . knife-throwers ... low-llfes . . . people ruled by prejudice and hatred and not by philosophy. -f-t-1- They left as our heritage the dark-age architecture which now seems u masterpiece of In. efficiency and discomfort; the business morals of the elder Rockefeller, Carnegie, Vanderv bilt, Astor; the government of Grant, Taylor, Stevens; the In. dustry of pointed streams, wage slaves, denuded forests. -f-t-1- The brief era of cigar-smokers followed the decline of the quid squooshers. It was confined to a more limited group, arch conservatives and reactionaries with but little though' t other than to conserve their unearned and Inherited wealth. During this period the Spanish-American and World wars were fought, -M-1, Even today, ty the er» of cigarets, one needs not to no. tice the smoke curllpg from a million stinker* to see the change. The lao«»,uen'ed speed, the mania for r»Uls-bra|ned activity iu the Ails and govern. menu, the restless ana never* successful search for happiness -wall b**take« the sjuojke which demands no sacrifice* and earns no love of the swells sweet, and mellow aftd stands ready to again serve its master. Like the soap ads say, tbe personal hygiene ot the pipe must not be neglected. When needful, It should be thoroughly cleaned — and there Is no halfway substitute for thorough. This demands that the pipe smoker have leisure, both to smoke and to care for his equipment. He can* not neglect the essentials and hope to gain the rewards. He must have time to care for the requirements, or the pipe will refuse to give satisfactory service. -f-t-1- The layman will say that this in too complicated a routine, OT •HI »;it m «j>«*fc^3a^A-^ ** aemnram ID TV XKf of fts ««»«*. fto etfft wlren tfc* Mttetinf re<r«rtre- ments of pfp* smoMng ar» met; when th-e oowl ft elesn and the brt*r 8*eet; wften the tona'ceo t» fflfttRi* fcM t%» tawfter earnest — then the stttolce enrte slowly fro« tfce ftowt of ifce pip* bestowing on the snuoter a clarity of Ihonght, a ttettowttess of feeling, i reverence fof the ttotmtifnlness of wattrre which Is reward and to spare fof all necessary effort. -t-t-t- Ifit Alltfi AUt tftffinl m Mole. One ti«r«r* the of this iife witJi the s*r«ie phriosophy o* the one) who wnses the rast wisdom of th* nhiTefs*. 9r« ofrfMe to dtng the senses of the stnokcr, th* hon* cit pt|fe yet few aids it* master with Mi iflfinlt* contetitment. -f-t-i- fn ench an aura jginstein conceited his imponderable of the relationship of the tiniest part to the whole of the universe. In such an aura statesmen guide Well their ships of state. In such an aura men produce as Ifi peace, and do not tear down, as in war. • *M-i* It tnay seem the rankest eon* celt for one pipe smoker to land so high!}- the virtues of the group. A* the veriest neophyte at the art, t must rag* gest that those virtues listed are but distant goals toward which eterjr devotee must trar. el. Pew, indeed, are able to cope In even terms with their pipes. Fewer stilt, and then bat upon rare occasion*, arrive at that enviable state where the pipe is constantly and reliably a good servant. History . . of the . . Week An Interpretative news summary of the important events of the past week, (Continued from page 1) fourteen base points, instead oi one, Chicago, as had been previously announced. -The government announced allotment of another 60 million dollars for the .purchase of pork products in the open market for relief of the needy. These developments of the administration program occurred while a much different form of farm relief was being urged by elements from some ot the states affected. Governors of five mlddlewest- ern states .and representatives, ot - * 1 " AI " k * •f-W- Pipe smoking,, unlike Qther types, demands fully as much from Us waster as. he receives. A good briar or cob, good (0- bftcco, a generous supply of matches, pipe cleaners, — th,eae ar$i the mere mechaulcttj requirement*. tt it of jfe» Mwitar stat U* ws&» jiaMw* tm lin w* too «tew, status of the f farming bear representatives of tbe farm revolt, to form a set of conclusions and, if possible, a plan of action. The conclusions were found in a recommendation of a new program of farm relief, and tbe action was the dispatch of a committee to urge tbe program on the administration. The recommendations of the conference included a liberalization of farm credit relief, currency inflation and, specifically, tbe refunding of the Fourth Liberty Loan by the issue of new currency, and a system of licenses for producers and processors of farm commodities which would enable the government to fix minimum prices on tbe portion of the farm output used by tbe domestic market. Five governpra carried the report to Washington. There were conferences with, the department ot agriculture and rejection by tbe department of tbe price fixing program. The governors met with the President. Again the program was rejected, with a statement from the President which diplomatically doubted,the reception which might be Accorded such. •regimentation 1 in Agricultural states not represented in the conference. In addition,* the statement said, there was no reason to believe from tbe nation*! situation that tbe drastic price In* crease contemplated could be carried out wltbftiit infinite difficulty and suffering, Wl «f the governors.' eonJwanjpe Bought tbe farm revolt io, jh.e B&ttt» Pf the week before^ffeert was. sam$ *5» tension, of tbe strike sentireejit* geographically, an.4 some ext,en* sion of the anti-strike san,t}n}.eat. Farm Holiday leadera 8flBQBR(?e4 that tha strllw would go Into efc feet in 21 state*, •lUUMMb the Iowa and Wisconsin has been largely moral support. * * * * Indications were present that a settlement of the Ford-Johnson feud might soon be effectively made, with strategy to save the face of both ot the antagonists. Ford, for his part, seemed will- i*g to comply in effect with all the NRA provisions. Johnson showed a willingness to make concessions for Ford compliance. Public statements from each of the organizations, however, still contained a bantering hostility. While tbe feud seemed likely "•"" '-'-* to sell the nation again on the recovery drive. That tbe swing was needed was indicated by many symptoms —(he recent opposition by the Republican party and outspokenness by critics silent until now, and tbe recent active hostility of William Randolph Hearst and the .Hearst newspapers, • » « • In a conference last Monday between President Roosevelt and the heads of the steel companies two accomplishments very important in the current stage of the re-employment campaign were reached. The steel companies agreed to the demands of the unions for the settlement ot tlvj strike in the captive coal mines. A price was agreed upon on which the government would advance money to the railroads for purchases, of rails. REIPER'S FORUM Men are never so likely to se> tie a question' rightly AS when they d}scu«s it freely, — Ms,- Be»4ep arp ug«4 te keep their letters brief and to the point «* both for o»r sake tbe sake of o«p retders, ye*ri *«d *** *»«* *6 t M- Satan wid Cfcrai-vt, ftfid , a WftU Street lut , belftes ton w*ftlnt to breat »« rew*r*. Sat** tftfff now wn«t fo yott wa-ntf AM t ttnfted (tWJtit arosej 'WStrS* et tl« mwSey." He saM fcft rfgM, yo« cftn ***« ft. AM tn-ey stfft fta^e ft atfd we ate here. 5te* frtettd*. sifd Sfttau, wftal else? Aft4 aUtftner B*ottt went 9p: "Keep i*e JJe-o^e. estrtKSlaTtt the farm orWni**tttfBS, fjgfttfng eicft ot&ef on tttife thteits so they went notice ns for they can't flgti each other and fight its at the saine time. Fine, said Satan. What etee? Bnt with great ttanl- festaiknrt of snfprtse t6ey said: "Uear Satan, that's *« fof tfcere fs nothing else to ask for!" "What fool* these mortals be." Hoping yon ate the same. L. D. Austin. Redemption Notice To Charles Stldd and unknown owners: fAfcfe JrOTlc*: That on the 2nd day of December, l9S?9, at the regular Tax Sate begtttt and , 191», tt Mtf f* v fowl, % ftgfftfgr *f SdSd Cowntt iW8 io A. ». S're IfW fofiowttl deserrffcett flit , tjot Ntt. if* » t*e tow* of erlfcft, Towft, for MI «f tfi* ta*et tfreft tfftt . And HW* tfce Ttglt 6* tftm *ttl e*ptre> a*d ft *e«d for laid preWsea wfft DV m*<l e antes* redemptfon %e mttde wfthrn ninety days f rtfm IH« eoiflptetea ieftfce fceteot. A, ft fr«*6h By M, A. Frefccli, Apt. ^ Holder aftd OwiSet ot said There'll StfmttMnf ft tlW ttstmetrts today fn YnferMt yon DRS. KLINE & KLINE Dr. O. M. Kmt 9f, ii A. Ktrn* Offlt* fHHf*! 1 t6 8 p. m. t«d ? t 0 . p. ». W* NteMifc. « OfnOr MtfllFH ojf Office dvef f*w* Bttte BifTnj* Btnft K.fttr 6l«9n6itt Pn«AMt Ottree *«L ttttffM 1fc Special Session of General Assembly Confronted with Taxes, Relief, Liquor leader Correspondent Furnishes Careful Summary ot News of the Session • (Continued from page 1) place of a Democrat — tip in the Tama-Benton district. Senator Harry White's toga was about worn ont anyway, after sixteen rears of almost steady use. No real Republican tantallter now left In the Senate.. How to Revise Tax Law?*— that is tbe first question. A special committee, beaded by William F, Rlley Of Des Molnes, has received a "Report on a Survey of Administration in Iowa, the Revenue System, submitted to Committee on Reduction of Governmental^ Expenditures State ot Iowa, by tbe Institute for Government Research of tbe Brookings Institution, Washington, D, 0." Mr. Riley's committee has bad many meetings and is understood to have a report ready. And it will not necessarily be an approval of the Brookings Institution report, it Is said. The Brook* Ings report is contained in a book ot 170 pages ot fine print, and with tbe rest of their survey of government in Iowa is said to have cost the state f26,000 or more. What it will look like when the Representatives and Senators get through whittling it up will be 30 cents. Net income tax, grosn income Vr_pE...; THE FEDERAL UHD BAMK OE OMAHA ff-J «i § W«M|fJ|fJ notfetnjgg.py fa* Afte^ way of statesmanship and oratory. After 18 years without liquor taxes of any kind, many communities in Iowa are now anxious to again get bands on some of that. Gov. Herring some months ago named a special committee of nine, of which General Mat Tinley of Council Bluffs Is chairman, to consider al) plans for handling tbe sale of liquor. This committee has Investigated everything from Timbuctoo to Seattle and from Canada to Panama, and in their report will pre- ent various methods ot handling liquor. The Quebec .system, creating a state monopoly of wholesaling an4 retailing liquor, is one recommendation, A Swedish system of state su- pervtslon of liquor sales by prj* vate corporations Is another plan, this would require an annual fee; of $1 to be paid by each consuev' or, licenses to bt 0oid in every i county court house, and bait the 5 fe* to the county, J Iri some way, they nay, they, want the state or the counties thereof to handle hard liquor andj keep it from profiteering bootleg-• gers, (Those boys evidently over-j played their game). tn view of the- fact that Iowa] prohibitory laws are likely to bej repealed by this special session! of tbe General Assembly, a spe-i cial committee of dry law cates have prepared and will 2 have presented a bill which wlill require payment of damages aris* ing out of or because ot tbe use! of bard liquors, .from a fundf raised "by a sales tax on liquor. Their argument is that with] automobiles ot great power andl speed now traversing tbe hlgh-| ways, many cases may arise in| which liquor is to be blamed for] damages occurring on the roads.! They say that in most cases drlv-J ers who are connected with accidents in which damages have curred, will probably-have no Hfl blllty insurance and will also bej without property or funds, such cases, they, argue. Innocent persons may suffer not only, pros i *' t * !„._* _fc __*Si« '» * ' • _ corporation owning vehicles tUaf traverse the highways wbicb are. operated by employes, would bef liable for any such damage These, they say, should favor a| law that will tax retail sales liquor for this special damage'| fund, '• To bear sucb cases and award! damages, they would set up a| commission or other tribunal! whose duties would be the samel as the present state industrial! commissioner, to bear and judge! of (be .facts and tbe damages,| From this tribunal .there would! be the same appeal provided asj for actions under tbe industrial! commissioner, Very .prominent And Influential"! people are bebjnd^fte, plan tb| thus place A sales tftx.pn JtQUorf that will make-H liable for nny| damages it may cause.. A !U ASKTHi BOS§ IF •'?. V^:?^ "Y-& i-'ff-'
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