Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on May 18, 1965 · Page 6
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 6

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Tuesday, May 18, 1965
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Page 6
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6 - Tuesday, May 18, 1965 Redlands Daily Facts Strawberry problem termed on/y beginning, others hit By THOMAS M. BROWN United Press International SALINAS. Calif. (UPI)-"lt's a sliame." said Clancy Williams, field superintendent for Salinas Strawberries, Inc. "It's a real shame." He sqiiaitecl in (he warm May sun beside one of the rows of strawberry plants that ran. other areas will be hit as har. vest time approaches. Sugar beet growers in the Rocky Mountain states probably will be hurt ne.xt, but officials expect the demand to be met by domestic labor, chiefly from Texas. The Michigan pickle harvest, which required about 13,000 straight as arrows, across the] workers last year will be "a field and disappeared in thejreal tough problem" July heat haze in the distance. Williams plucked two or three fat. dark red strawberries already too ripe to pick without crushing, looked at the red stain on his fingers and shook his head. "Those rows are a mile long," he said, squinting out across the fields of the valley immortalized by author John Steinbeck. "We should have 500 men out there every day just to harvest and keep the weeds down. "Instead." he said, nodding toward a distant group of figures wavering like mirages in through September, but the Labor Department hopes to meet the demand with youths on vacation from school. For years growers in California, America's largest farm state, relied on braceros—Mex­ ican nationals brought in for the harvest. But the first of this year, after a one-year extension. Public Law 78, which provided for the importation of Mexican field hands, expired. Only under pressure from the growers * did Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz agree to allow 1,500 braceros to enter Cal] ifornia, and they haven't ar- the heat," "we've got 22 menjrived in the fields yet. irrigating 1.000 acres just loi The growers claim they could keep the plants alive. I use another 5,000 Mexicans be"We've already lost 75,000'cause domestic la'oor either crates out there . . . maybej isn't available or is unsuited 150,000, you can't run a farm; for the work. like that." California—the SJ.5 billion Government and organized labor officials don't want more garden basket of the nation—is{braceros imported. They say in the middle of a farm labor crisis. WiUiams and Jesse Cota, there are too many unemployed in California and that a good Notes from foreign news cables personnel manager for Salinasj domestic work force could be Strawberries, can't get enough!developed if growers would pay workers to harvest their crops,] "decent wages" and provide so while the meager labor force! "adequate holsing." they can niuslcr struggles tO| Many Unemployed keep up with the work on 900| "The latest figures show acres of choice plants, thei there are 4.>7,000 unemployed berries on l.OOO other acres lie in California," said Tom Pitts, rotting in the sun. secretary-treasurer of the Cali- And because WiUiams andjfornia Labor Federation. Cota can't get the men they! "Those are the visible ones, need, housewives in New YorklThere are others whose benefits and Boston are going to find!have run out or who for some the price of the most important < other reason don't show in the ingredient in strawberry short-! statistics." (the braceros). They've had all these years. "Let's face it—there are a lot of other jobs that are just as hot, just as dirty and just as miserable as the worst farm labor jobs. But people do them, and they do them because they get paid decent money for doing them. "Had the growers just in creased farm wages by the same percentage that industrial wages have been increased in California during the last 15 years, they would be paying about S2.64 an hour. Also, you have to remember the fringe benefits in other industries that are largely nonexistent in farming." $1.40 An Hour But growers say they can't afford to pay more—at least on a guaranteed hourly basis. Salinas Strawberries guarantee S1.40 an hour or 75 cents a 12- pound flat for fresh market berries and 90 cents a flat for berries bound for freezing plants. So under the piecework s.vstem, the minimum a picker can make is guaranteed and the maximum is determined by his speed. "The money's out there if people are willing to work for it," said J. 'Bud> Vukasovich. a co-owner of Salinas Strawberries. His firm's records show that Rusk still quiet gentleman, but has become tough, determined cake skyrocketing. Pitts and other labor leaders "And it's just the beginning."[believe the growers are directly says Tom EUick of the Council! responsible for the mess they of California Growers. Other Crops "The effects of the strawberry situation are being felt now on the East Coast because none are being shipped from California. The price increase will be felt first in strawberries and probably in asparagus next —especially canned asparagus Then tomatoes and tomato products, such as catsup, then in other commodities." The labor shortage is most acute now in California and Florida, but Labor Department officials in Washington believe find themselves in. "They had sufficient advance notice of Congress' intention not to extend Public Law 78 to make preparations," Pitts said. "They did nothing through 1963 and 1964 to try to put together a work force to replace the braceros. Pitts said the reason growers are .shorthanded is "as simple as A. B, C. The growers have not fairly met the competition for employes. They have not competed for them with other industries. They have just drawn on this unholy labor pool By PHIL NEWSOM United Press International Notes from the foreign news cables: TROOP BUILDUP? Saigon sources say t h e groundwork is being laid for the possible introduction of 100.000 American combat troops in Vict Nam. The newly created U.S. iogistical command in Vict Nam eventually will be able to feed, house and supply that number. Only about 50,000 U.S. troops have been programmed for Viet Nam thus far, but the logistical basis will be there for double lliat number if needed. ARAB ROW: French President Charles de Gaulle is trying to damp down the current news of Arab feeling over German recognition of Israel. Paris sources said, however, that De Gaulle does not want to appear personally in any French initiative; he will simply guide his ideas through diplomatic channels. BALANCING ACT: Indonesian President Sukar­ no's trip to Moscow is seen as an attempt to erase the impression in Asia that he has cast his lot with Communist China. But whether his balancing act will go as far as to urge Moscow's admission to the Afro-.Asian conference is not _ yet known. Peking opposes So- foreign laborers consistently av-|viet .oarticipation on the e.xcuse erage more than S2 an hour and' • • - • ••• "• in some cases more than S3 an hour. But he said he simply couldn't afford to pay more than the guaranteed S1.40 an hour for workers who cannot pick more than one and a half or two flats of berries an hour. Most growers doubt a good domestic labor force could be developed in a "reasonable" time and want braceros import-' ed. Labor Department officials have refused to commit themselves on the possibility of allowing further braceros into the country. But there have been hints that more may be imported if the situation becomes "critical." But government and labor officials want to see a domestic work force developed and they believe one will develop. Ellick believes "mechanization is the ultimate solution" for crops that can be harvested by machine. "That and the things the federal government is sincerely trying to do with its antipoverty program—reducing the number of unemployed and upgrading the work force." By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (NEA) — Quiet, scholarly Secretary of State Dean Rusk has become an angry, determincfl man in a gentlemanly but very tough way. Those who work with him and observe him regularly agree he \ Is a long way from the cautious Rusk of the illfated 1961 Cuban invasion or the go-slow Rusk of the Korean War when he was assistant secretary lor the Far East. His hesitant qualities appear to have disappeared sometime during the Viet Nam debates of this winter and spring. Ex - Rhodes scholar Russ speaks just as softly. His manner is as unassuming. His sense of humor is quiet. But | when the hard decisions on £,1 bombing North Viet Nam and building U.S. military forces in South Viet Nam had to be made, it was Rusk who quietly, but persistently, led those who urged the President to make the decisions he did. can Republic, or the beginnings of a conflict. Rusk wants to bring more countries into the Fray (on our side, of course). In Viet Nam, for example. Rusk wants to bring in Thai, Australian, British, New Zealand and Philippine military units. He'd like to get medical, sanitation, education and agricultural teams from a wider sweep of the Free World. (Thirty two countries already have non-military-type units in Viet Nam). Rusk and his aides are considering whether to advocate a Southeast Asia Treaty Organi- . zation military headquarters to organize and supervise the collective cooperative defense forces in the region. that the Soviets are neither Africans nor Asians. ATOM SNUB: The Philippines Foreign Office is unhappy about the diplomatic shortcut taken by the U.S. Embassy in Manila to get permission for American nuclear submarines to call in the Philippines. The Foreign Office Office said its clearance was needed before the subs could call. But the embassy went directly to President Diosdado Macapagal and got his permission. CONTINUED COLD: Despite the weekend Vienna meeting of Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, diplomats do not e.xpect any changes in tlie cold war in the near future. Russia cannot ease the Vietnamese situation because it cannot speak for the Chinese Communists, tlie major power in the area. In its own areas, Moscow is in no mood right now to make concessions on Germany or disarmament. The secretary makes no bones about how disturbed he is by the university and college people he feels are talking "nonsense" about the conflict in -Asia. He says bluntly: "I sometimes wonder at the gullibility of educated men and the stubborn disregard of plain fact by men who ai-e supposed to be helping our young to learn— espcially to learn how to think." Rusk spent six years as professor of government and dean X15 in new test In Latin .America, Rusk would like a permanent hemispheric military brush fire team to grow out of the force put together SELF-DEVELOPMENT will for Ihe Domincan Republic cris- be accomplished by the crea- 'S- H would be ready to shoot tion of more area develop- 'n at the request of a local gov- ment banks, according to ernment when Red guerrillas the Secretary of State. subversives struck. For the long pull. Rusk would ^ . ,, ,!ike to see in Asia, Latin of faculty at a California college, ^^^^ j^,.^ during the '30s. But the views of many of his former academic colleagues strike him now as those "that cost the men of my generation a terrible price in World War II." Df permanent organization to .sponsor military-police co-operation to thwart Communist i subversives and guerrillas before hey got started. This co-opera­ tion would emphasize prevention rather than fire fighting. Tlie U.S. would of course cooperate with these regional groups (but not renege on its individual coimtry commitments). Rusk believes that temative negotiations with the Communist world can begin only ii: 1. The West defeats these Communist subversion-guerrilla probes or tests. 2. The West shows it has the will collectively to organize to meet future Red infiltration and subversion as well as conventional and nuclear w^ars. 3. The Communists become convinced they are effectively blocked in every direction from using force. With Red China, fruitful settlements may have to wait uniil the present leadership dies. Rusk is cynical about the value of negotiations with the Red Chinese now. Consider his background and the reason will be clear. He was closely connected with the endless, frustrating Korean negotiations as assistant secretary of state for the Far East. He was secretary of stale :luring the Laos negotiations. It tt-as this Lao treaty especially that soured Rusk on deals with :he Mao Tsetung-Ho Chi Miiih combine. EDWARDS AFB (UPD-The rocket ship X15, pushed with a thrust of 60.000 pounds, climbed to an altitude of 101,000 feet and a speed of 3,614 miles an hour today in a stability test. National space agency pilot John McKay was at the controls of the experimental craft when it was dropped at 9:57 a.m. from an eight - jet bomber at 45,000 feet over Mud Lake, Nev. Eleven minutes later McKay had completed his series of maneuvers and landed at this desert test base. The flight was the 132nd in the program that rotates between three X15 planes. First actual drop and glide of an X15 was June 8. 1959. Flights in the program h.ave exceeded 4,000 miles an hour and 300,000 feet altitude. Brown trying to postpone big tax increase S.ACRAMENTO (UPI) —Gov. Edmund G. Brown said today he was trying to postpone .massive state tax increase for another two years but di;nied it was a political decision. He indicated at his weekly news conference that President Johnson's program to repeal excise taxes might be good financial news for California. "Maybe something will come to us from the federal government and we won't have to burden the people with a sales tax increase or a substantial increase in the income tax," Brown said. He held out a slim hope that massive new state taxes may not even be required in 1967. Brown said he had no intention of trying to "hurt any program" in the legislature when he announced he was trimming his 1965 tax program. But he said that he told legislative leaders at a closed-door meeting Monday night "frankly and very bluntly" that he disagreed with the need for the huge tax program being pushed by lower chamber leaders. Brown had called the meeting "another love feast." BATTERED BRIDGE — An American jet casts its shadow over the missing spans of a highway bridge in North Viet Nam. The bridge was demolished during c recent raid by South Vietnamese and American planes. (NEA Radio-Telephoto) China says Johnson expanding war TOKYO (UPI)—Communist China today accused President Johnson of trying to expand the war in V\c\. Nam to the Chinese mainland. Peking made the comment in answ^er to Johnson's speech last Tluir.sday in which he charged that Communist China was trying to dominate all of .Asia. The Chinese statement w a s published in the official govern-) ment newspaper Peking Peo-: pies Daily in the form of an article signed "Commentator," a name often used by Mao Tze-tung. Reports on blasting of bridges WASHINGTON (UPI) — In testimony Way 4, Defense Sec retary Robert S. McNamara said that U.S. and South Viet namese aircraft had knocked out 23 of the 25 major bridges in North Vict Nam's "infiltration system." This did not mean. McNamara said, that all traffic had come to a standstill. Other ways, such as ferries, had been found to cross rix'crs. he noted. "But it docs mean that we have taken out the bridge sys- ABSENT MINDED AMSTERDAM, Holland (UPI) —Lord Snowdon, husband of Princess Margaret, is getting absent-minded. He visited a local diamond cutting firm Monday and walked off with a magnifying glass lent him by the manager. The glass was returned later after discreet inquiries. To the 56-year-old cabinet member, letting go in Viet Nam. the Dominican Republic or the Congo would have the same significance as when the free world let the Italians invade Ethiopia, the Japanese take Manchuria and Hitler remilitarize I h e Rhineland. The democracies' unwillingness to act then led to .\xis "miscalculation'' that brought on World War II. Thus, he views Viet Nam, the Domincan Republic and the Congo as "test cases" of w-hether the free w'orld can make the techniques of subversion, infiltration and guerrilla war as "sterile" as it has rendered other forms of Communist aggression. Rusk starts with the premise that no real relaxation is pos sible now with either the Soviet Union or Red China. He is con vinced that neither will stop aggression unless effectively blocked in every direction — by force where necessary. He notes that though our relations with Moscow have been relatively quiet since the Cuba missile crisis . . . none of the critical issues of the Cold W;ir has been settled. Peiping hasn l =ven said a peaceful word. As for stopping the Reds: Rusk holds that the Cuba missile crisis and the rapid U.S. missile buildup have for now- blocked Russian "nuclear"' aggression on the U.S. and its allies. He belives the Korean War and NATO i North Atlantic Treaty Organization) buildup in Europe (plus the fear conventional war could turn nuclear) convinced Peiping and Moscow that conventional direct wars of aggression are unprofitable now. So, he says, the Reds now put their major reliance in subverting weak countries by infiltrating soboteurs and guerrila fighters and the U.S. must go on fighting them. But he wants a change. In Rusk's book, the U.S. has gone it too much alone. Whenever there's a conflict, as in Viet Nam or the Domini- If .vou are e.-cpecting out-of-state visitors, n we point out that prescriptions written 1 out-of-state physicians for barbiturates, stimulants. narcotics cannot be filled legally in California. With Ihi ^ m mind, you might consider our suggestion that ; fnre-u-arn your visitors before they depart their ho r state, thus saving inconvenience or possible emergen However, written prescriptions for other maintenai medications for tourists, newly arrived citizens, or military dfjpendents have been granted some exclusion fr the regulation. Those prescriptions may be filled oi only, refills are not permitted. Vicks 2V2 oz. — Reg. 98c YAPORUB . 68« POLIDENT 69* Lanolin Plus — 14 oi. — Reg. 99c HAIR SPRAY . . Teflon Lined 10 In. FRY PAN \ Scotch — Reg. 59c Jit \if MAGIC MENDING TAPE . . . 4P^ LET US HANDLE YOUR DEVELOPING ! —FREE FILM—- KODACOLOR or BLACK and WHITE 127- 620- 120 When You Pick Up Your Developed Film tem," he said. McNamara gave the testimony before a House appropri- tions subcommittee. The transcript was made public today. PILOTLESS PLANE CHICO, Calif. (UPI) —Pilot Howard Hanson's airplane soloed without him Monday. Hanson leaped from t h e wing of the aircraft when it began to move as he was preparing it for a crop-dusting flight. The plane took off under its own power, flew under some power lines, narrowly missed a car on U. S. Highway 99E and smashed into a large farm wagon. Lynch to study full opinion LOS ANGELES (UPI)-California Atty. Gen. Thomas Lynch Monday said he would withhold a definitive statement on the U.S. Supreme Court tidelands ruling until he could review the full opinion. "From the wire reports, it would appear that both California and the United States won certain points in this case," Lynch said. "We are waiting to see the entire decision, as well as the dissent, before making a complete .statement on the decision or our future plans," Lynch said. fie modern with Redlands Plumbing Co. 520 Texas St. 792-3360 Trusted from coast to coast HFCs reliable money service Every year Household Finance helps more than 2 •nillion people from coast to coast solve tlieir money problems. 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