1k $WalluJournal Republicans accused of 'scare tactics' use ^•••i* » CTP AT*T"1 C* / A D^ TVin iiUnin cinn uf ii-Vii/iV» 4kn ,>,-,. .r,.. n ~ ^ r _ .i....i._ r n . _ •• , • , , ., , .,- . i- . L i i.... i_ _ :ii^_ _i» r._ _ it j OPINION PAGE WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1974 Jam« Gray arxj Charles Editorial f "'" •*""** AAAA speaks sense about coed sports It has taken much too long but finally an appropriate authority has issued some words of wisdom on the matter of coeducational sports. The American Medical Association's (AMA) committee on medical aspects of sports says that girls should not play football, ice hockey or any other rough contact sports with boys. The committee's report encourages girls to participate in vigorous contact sports with each other, but it cautions against playing on boys' teams "with its inordinate injury risk." The committee adds that girls are at a disadvantage to boys in contact sports because they are less muscular and lighter in weight. Even if girls are matched according to weight, it added, they are still exposed to potentially greater injury, since they have a higher ratio of fatty tissue than boys. The AMA committee notes that participation in girls' high school sports has increased 175 per cent in the past two years, and it approves of the fact that girls are being asked to play on boys' teams in non- contact sports where no comparable program exists. The long-range answer to the problem is for female and male athletes to have their own programs, says the committee. During preadolescence, it states, there is no essential difference between the work capacity of boys and girls. But following puberty most boys surpass girls in all athletic performance characteristics except flexibility, "thus only the exceptional girl will have the necessary ability to make and compete on a boys' team." It follows then, that if girls are allowed on boys' teams, then boys are likely to ask the same rights in return, with the result that the boys — because of superior athletic ability — will win most of the positions on girls' teams and jeopardize the girls' programs. None of the foregoing information and speculation is exactly new. The same things have been advanced by other spokesmen from time to time. But this is the first time a prestigious group like the AMA has given substance to the argument that there is not equality between sexes when it comes to rough contact sports. We heartily subscribe to the MIA conclusions. While complete equality between males and females, in all things, is a worthy goal there are some practical reasons why the dream cannot be realized. Physical inequality is one of those reasons, and a person should not need to be a medical doctor to understand that the point is valid. "Strictly Personali SEATTLE* AP)-The chairman of the nation's Democratic governors has accused Republicans of scare tactics in warning that Democrats could gain a "veto-proof Congress" in the November elections. "The term 'veto-proof Congress' is merely a cynical ploy lo detract from the most important issues of 1974," Gov. Wendell H. Ford, D-Ky., said Tuesday as sharp partisanship broke out at the 66th National Governors' Conference. The conference ends loday with the annual business ses- sion at which the governors are expected to adopt a broad resolution urging campaign reform and other measures to deal with Watergate-type abuses, steps already taken by many states, The conference also is expected to elecl Gov. Calvin L. Hampton, D-Utah, as next year's chairman, succeeding Gov. Daniel J. Evans, R-Wash. The partisan verbal battle began when Kenneth R. Cole Jr., President Nixon's top domestic policy aide, said during a panel discussion Tuesday morning'that election of a "veto-proof Congress" might doom the revenue- sharing program. Then Gov. Winfield Dunn, R- Tenn., chairman of the Republican Governors Association, said in an interview he was frightened by the thought of a Congress so heavily Democratic it "would give George McGovern and Hubert Humphrey the opportunity to run our country which they didn't get in the 1968 and 1972 presidential races." "1 take strong exception to a thread of political propaganda which has run through this conference from invited members of the present national administration," Ford told a news conference. He said he considered it ''no less than a rude assault against the integrity of all Democratic members of Congress" by implying Ihey will always vote a certain way. He said he hopes the Democrats attain a two-thirds control of Ihe House and Senate that would give them the numerical s'rength to override presiden- Lawmakers propose changes on state rules and regulations tial vetoes, bul he said he objected to GOP efforts "lo use the term lo scare people. 1 ' Short of the three-fourths control needed to pass resolutions, Democratic governors at the meeting decided against trying to put the conference on record in favor of a tax cut lo fighl inflation or to raise any Watergate-related mailers other than a bipartisan ethics resolution sponsored by Govs. William G. Milliken, R-Mich., and Patrick J. Lucey, D-Wis. Instead, they authorized Ford to report they believe the nation needs "tax reform and relief for middle and lower income individuals coupled with selective budget cuts." In other developments: -The Democrats elected Gov. Wendell R. Anderson, D- Minn., to succeed Ford as conference chairman. Gov. Philip W. Noel of RHODE Island was elected vice chairman. —The Republican governors decided tentatively to hold their next meeting in St. Louis after the November elections. —Democratic National Chairman Robert S. Strauss and GOP Chairman George Bush advised the governors at separate party breakfasts of efforts to work with the General Accounting Office to ease strict enforcement of minor campaign infractions now being referred lo the Justice Department for prosecution. ST. PAUL, Minn. (API-Minnesota legislators indicated Tuesday they will try to tighter, up ihe process under which state agencies adopt rules and regulations. Under slate law, tnosl agencies can adopt rules which then have the same effect as legislative acts. 1-awmakers have become concerned lhal agencies sometimes ignore public input and go beyond ths intent of the legislature. The governmental operations committees of the House and Senate held a second hearing or the subject and will meet again June 18 to begin drafting a bill. Peter S. Popovich, St. Paul, a former legislator and veteran lobbyist, said many agencies ignore a requirement that they show a need for regulations. "With every rule, there ought to be a succinct statement showing the purpose of the rule," Popovich told lawmakers. He said some agencies have begun issuing "directives" and "guidelines," which can be adopted without public hearings. Popovich said local governments and state agencies sometimes following guidelines as rigidly as they do state laws. Yet the public often has trouble even knowing guide lines exist and has difficulty challenging them, Popovich said. He said courts have held lhat guidelines can have the effect of law merely through long usage. Thus, a person not knowing that a guideline exists, might be powerless to chal- Can you score in this quiz? By Sydney H. Harris This fortnightly's word-quiz centers on women. Identify the "She" in the following more or less famous lines. Forty per cent is a score even Women's Liberationists should be proud of. 1. "She hangs upon the cheek of night as a rich jewel." 2. "She moves a goddess, and she looks a queen." 3. "She stood in tears amid the alien corn." 4. "She gave me of the tree, and 1 did eat." 3. "She dwelt among the untrodden ways." 6. "She had a heart — how- shall I say? — too soon made glad." 7. "She is a winsome wee thing, she is a handsome wee thing." 8. "She makes hungry where most she satisfies." 9. "Though she bends him, she obeys him, though she draws him, yet she follows." 10. "She is coming, my own. my sweet; were i t ever so a iry a tread." 11. "She was a child and I was a child, in this kingdom by the sea." 12. "She came to prove him with hard questions." 13. "She had a bowl of lilacs in her room." Nixon given low grades on economy NEW YORK (AP) - President Nixon's economic policies have received their biggest rejection in a Louis Harris Poll since Nixon came to the White House. Eighty-two per cent of the respondents in 1,555 households across Ihe nation did not approve of Nixon's handling of the economy, Harris said Monday. Fifteen per cent of those queried in early May approved and the remaining three per cent were unsure. In an April poll Nixon got a 79-17 negative response to his fiscal policies. He received a 6926 negative tally in a May 1973 survey. In both samplings, those answering "not sure" accounted for the balance of the responses. 14. "She twisted her hands behind her; but all the knots held good!" ANSWERS: 1. Juliet, as described by Romeo, in Shakespear's "Romeo and Juliet." 2. Helen of Troy, in Homer's "Illiad." 3. Ruth, the Biblical daughter-in-law of Naomi, in Keat's poem "Ode to a Nightingale." 4. Eve, as accused by Adam, in Milton's "Paradise Lost." 5. Lucy, in one of Wordsworth's five so-called "Lucy Poems." 6. "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning. 7. Robert Burns's poetic praise of his wife. 8. Cleopatra, as described by Enobarbus, at the opening of Shakespeare's "Anthony and Geopatra." 9. Minnehaha, in I.ongfellow's narrative "The Song of Hiawatha." 1C. Maud, in Tennyson's poem of the same name. 11. Annabel Lee, in Edgar Allen Foe's poem of the same name. 12. The Queen of Sheba, confronting Solomon, in the Old Testament. 13. "Portrait of a Lady" by T. S. Eliot. 14. Bess, the landlord's daughter, in Alfred Noyes's narrative "The Highwayman." A&OUT YOUR 5UPPLIL5; &UT THE U.S. CONGRESS CUT Olfi lenge it, he said. All the rules and regulations adopted by various state agencies now fill a six-foot shelf of looseleaf notebooks. By contrast, all the state's laws are contained in a four-volume set. Agencies normally hold their own hearings, with a commissioner or his deputy frequently acting as presiding officer. William F. Brooks, a Minneapolis attorney, said the Minnesota Bar Association has proposed that all hearings on rules be conducted by special hearing examiners. The bar association has called for a new state department to include all hearings officers and court reporters in state government. Brooks called it "fundamental fairness" that an agency proposing a rule not be the one to hold the hearing. He said a hearing officer would require that an agency first justify its rulej then present testimony in support of it. Brooks proposed that hearing officers be lawyers, trained to produce a clear record of the proceedings for use by the courts in case of later appeals. The head of a state agency, Brooks said, is naturally uf- clined to favor a rule which his agency has proposed. "We're not saying anyone has deliberately teisted the process; it's a natural twist," Brooks said. Rep. E.W. Quirin, DFL- Rochester, said he may propose a combination system. He suggested that neutral examiners hold the hearings with agency heads required to sit in and listen to the testimony. In the case of a board, such as the state Board of Education or the Pollution Control Agency, a majority of the board would be required to listen, Quirin said Family man award made NEW YORK (AP) - Liberia's President William R. Tolbert Jr. has been selected for the 1974 "Family of Man" award by New York City's churches and business leaders. The selection of Tolbert, a descendant of former American slaves, represents a change in the tradition of honoring only top American figures. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed. Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. Putiiitneolir F-trqus Jour*! Co ar»'iE Cnannlri). Fergus Fans. M,nn MSJ7. flail*' t*u-pr Sunaa,sand Holiday Sc<ooj class postage-pa dar Fergus Falls. Minn 6mos. £& SO SUBSCRIPTION RM ES ! Ijpor <ro b,-rr,i<i n advance Minne-sota, 1 yr , $l& 00: IS C'her s'ates l >r , S2?00. 6rros ,512 00. Jtr-oi-,S? 00 WE.V.REft OF "HE ASSOCIATEOPRESS i « Assoc.diea Press .s enr,'ica e«lu«. vely 10trie use <v rfouDNcal.on ol all local news pr-niM n MIS newspaper as t.t.\ asa.i Apncv.saispatcnes FELCPHONC /}6 7SI1 Advwt.s rg. want Ads. Suuscr'Ptions. Aucunls. 73A 7513 News Deol sonai 3. Socia' Ne/.s 734260', •Merry-Go-Round* Gerald Ford: decent, sincere By Jack Anderson Water Watch Data in'this chart show the coliform (potential disease-carrying bacteria) index for water at several points checked weekly by the Fergus Falls Health Department. An index number under 500 indicates only mild pollution; an index between 500 and 1,000 indicates some problem; and an index number over 1,000 means water is not suitable for activities such as swimming. (Data courtesy Fergus Falls Health Department) Test Date: Monday, June3 Test Location Coliform Index Last This Danielson Bridge (south Week Week of Friberg Dam) 12 Diversion Dam $00. Hoot Lake-Wright Lake culvert 56. Water plant intake 24. Pisgah Dam 1,020. Interstate94 Bridge 280. Dewey Bridge 920 Dayton Hollow 420 _ Pelican River i Elizabeth | 1.020 PebbleLake 28S Voter apathy cited 24 32 4 12 200 .260 .460 680 160 16 FiHy years ago — 1924 Mayor acts on gas prices I from the Daily Journal for June 10-15,1924) With gasoline in Fergus Falls four cents higher than it is in Alexandria, Mayor Martin Benson has decided not to wait for council action to put in the city's own supply. He has leased a tank at what was the Hingst garage on Cavour Avenue. Today he brought in a supply of gasoline from Dalton where gasoline is being sold at 19.4 cents. He bought it at wholesale there for 17.4 cents and will make the price here 19.3. The regular price here is 22.3 cents. Gasoline prices were reported coming down at other stations in the city. At Willmar today Standard Oil cut prices to 12.9 in the war between cooperatives and independent dealers. ACHIEVEMENT DAY HELD Fourteen communities in the county were represented on Achievement Day in Fergus Falls Saturday. All space in the farmers' room of the courthouse was filled with exhibits. An old fashioned picnic was served at noon OLE S AGENT, TO BE HONORED Senator Ole Sageng's neighbors are planning a homecoming celebration for him at Dalton Sunday. It's the occasion of his return from his campaign for nomination for the United States senatorship and it is also his 2flth wedding anniversary. 1,000 ATTEND PICNIC A thousand people attended the Farm Bureau picnic in Amor Park Saturday. A.R. Knutson presided over the program that included music, demonstration, square dance, a prize fight staged by the Buse-Dane Prairie unit, the Aurdal brass band and Maine-Amor vs. Dent in a ballgame. J^Q By LOUISE COOK Associated Press Writer Watergate, lack of competition and general apathy apparently are keeping people away from the polls this year. An Associated Press spot check showed low voter turnouts in most areas that have held primaries or special elections so far this year. Eight primaries were held Tuesday, but only one — in California — generated any real excitement. Politicians attribute the lack of interest to a variety of causes. Some say the Watergate scandal has caused a distrust of all elected officials; others claim there simply were no major issues to bring out the voters. In Michigan, only about 30 per cent of the registered voters turned out for a special election to fill the seat formerly held by Vice President Gerald R. Ford. The race was won by a Democrat, Richard VanderVeen. "Watergate killed us," said William McLaughlin, state Republican chairman, and Robert Eleveld, the county GOP leader agreed. F.leveld said Republican voters stayed home, while Democrats went to the polls. The North Carolina board of elections said voter turnout in the state's May 7 primary was 35.1 per cent," compared to a normal off-year turnout of 40 to 42 per cent. The main contest was for nominations for U.S. senator. State Republican Chairman Thomas Bennett said the low number of voters "was due to the fact that there was no general or widespread enthusiasm for any of the U.S. Senate candidates." In Indiana, state officials estimated only 23 per cent of the three million or so registered voters balloted in May 7 primaries. They said that the previous low turnout was 28.32 per cent in the 1970 off-year primaries. "The turnout indicates apathy that I think is caused by Watergate, President Nixon's tax troubles and the state of the economy," said William Trisler, the state Democratic chairman. More than half trie-estimated voters in Alabama turned out for the May 7 primary in Alabama, compared to 62 per cent who voted in the 1970 primary. Political leaders, including Gov. George C. Wallace who was easily renominated, predicted in advance that the turnout would be low because of a lack of major competition. WASHINGTON - What kind of President would Gerald Ford make? This is a question we are often asked, as the impeachment of President Nixon becomes more likely. Ford would not be the brightest President to occupy the oval office, but he would be one of the most decent. There is nothing suave or subtle about him. He would bring an openness and a guilelessness to the White House. He could be trusted. He would not have as keen a grasp of the paperwork of the presidency as Richard Nixon has. But probably more important, Ford would have a better feel for the human undercurrents. There is also an all-American quality about him. He has the common touch of Harry Truman, the easy manner and engaging sincerity of Dwight Eisenhower. Under Gerald Ford, the oval office would no longer be a storm cellar where the President is constantly engaged in plotting strategy to strike back at innumerable "enemies." When an aide brought Ford the first news from a UPI ticker that the White House kept an ••enemies list," Ford shook his head in disbelief. "If you have so many enemies you have to keep a list," he remarked, "you are in trouble." He would bring integrity to the White House. He has always refused to accept cash campaign contributions. He has insisted upon checks, which can be properly recorded. He would be a partisan President, who would attend to his political chores. But he would be able to work in harness with Democratic leaders. As House Republican leader, he had a close working relationship with the Democrats, particularly Speakers John McCormack and Carl Albert. Incidentally, the Vice President took the time in Boston the other day to place a quiet, kindly phone call to the ancient and lonely McCormack. Watergate politics have put Ford in a squeeze. He gave President Nixon a pledge of loyalty before accepting the vice presidency. But he also promised party leaders that he They'll Do It Every Time PAS&N6 JUDGMENT ON THE DECK PROMENADERS • •• nose TWO LOVE- BIRP6- I'LL BET HE NEVER GAVE HIS A RiPE IN A RCWBOAT- would spearhead the campaign for Republican candidates this year. They needed a leader whom Republicans could rally around. For the President has become a millstone around the neck of the GOP. Ford, true to his pledge of loyalty, has tried to defend the President. Yet, at the same time, he has sought to divorce the party from Watergate. The President, according to our White House sources, has suggested to Ford that he tone down his criticism of the way the White House has handled Watergate. The Vice President, in response, has tried to support the President, without completely swallowing the White House line. Gerald Ford would not be a spectacular President. His style would be Grand Rapids, not Camelpt. But he has the warm attributes, which would allow him to sit comfortably on tl.'e cold pedestal of power. THE FORGOTTEN SERGEANT: The Army's slick new advertising campaign, promising enlistees they'll be treated "with respect and dignity," doesn't mention what happened to Sgt. Charles Anthony. He's a 14-year Army veteran with a wife and eight young children. His wife is seriously- ill and one of the children has a critical heart ailment. He received a routine transfer from Ft. Gordon, Ga., to Ft. Belvoir, Va. He didn't balk at the orders until the condition of both his wife and child grew worse. The doctors said they couldn't be moved. So Sgt. Anthony asked the Army's Compassionate Review Board to let him stay at Ft. Gordon. But the board, its name notwithstanding, was lacking in compassion. Despite letters of support from doctors at Ft. Gordon, the sergeant was turned down. He was ordered to report to Ft. Belvoir or take a hardship discharge that would cost him his retirement benefits. Woefully, he obeyed the orders and traveled the lonely 600 miles to Ft. Belvoir. Still, he believed the Army he had loyally served would realize its mistake and send him back to his family. Instead, he was informed flatly that he was there to stay. Dr. Peter Cranston of Augusta, Ga., the psychologist who attended the sergeant's wife, told us he warned the Compassionate Review Board that she might attempt suicide if her husband were forced to leave. The board wouldn't listen and Mrs. Anthony attempted to take an overdose of sleeping pills just as the doctor had feared. Fortunately, she was stopped in time. But the sergeant, alone and despondent 600 miles from the family who needed him, suffered an emotional breakdown. As we write this, he is hospitalized at the Army's Walter Reed Hospital in Washington. Footnote: When we made inquiries at the Compassionate Review Board, we heard a loud voice in the background shout: "Don't answer that!" But later the board explained that Anthony was assigned to Ft. Belvoir because of job openings and the nearness of Walter Reed.
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