$7' PROFESSldNAUCARDS^ C. E. REYNOLDS, A TTORNEY and COUNSELOR AT LAW. Practice In all state and tederal court*. Commercial Law a Specialty, OBoe over Flrnt National Bank, Carroll, lows. - * - . W, R. LEE, A TTORNEY. Will practice In all state and tea era) courts. Collections and all other business will receive prompt and careful attention. Office iu First Natloualbauk block, Carroll. Iowa. F. M. POWERS, ATTORNEY. Practices In all the courts Hnd n makes lollectlons promptly, Ofllce on Fifth Mreet, over Shoemaker's grocery store, Carroll la W. BOWEN, A TTORNEY AT LAW. Makes collections and transacts other legal business promptly. 01 9o» In Qrlffith Block, Fifth St., Carroll. A. U. QUINT, A TTORNEY AT LAW, will practice In all the Courts. Collections In all parts of Carroll onnty will hate closest attention. Offlca with Ncnbweitern Building and Loan Association, side Fifth street, Carrol,, Iowa. DR. W. HUMPHREY, D ENTAL SURGEON. Teeth extracted without pain by the . Id of nitrous oxide gas. Office over First National Bank, corner , Carroll, Iowa. GK L, SHERMAN, Oas administered. All work IB guaranteed. Office on Fifth St., over postsfflce, Carroll, Iowa. Wtf. AUTS, . ™"JT"^TT~™^ JOHN NOOKKLS, . . . Vice President J*P. HK8S ...... Cashier DOES A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Laaus Money at Lowest Bates. Accords to its depositors every accommoda tio» consistent with sound banking. Buys and Sells Home and Foreign, Exchange. W. L. COLBHBTSON PWB. B. S. COBUBN, TBANHAOTINe A. BANKING BUSINKSI Lands Bought and Sold, Titles Examined and Abstracts Furnished. FIFTH BTBIBT, CABBOLL, IOWA. NEW HARNESS SHOP ITHEO. OSTEN, Prop. An entire new and complete stock of ^Harnese, Saddles, Whips,* "L Robos/TlyuNets And everything muallf contained to a firstJclas t)?;l«estabHiihment of tills kl»d. All work ;£S - ft. warranted to be first class I ••"] In every particular. f*r ••'<"• "•-•• . ..,*<;«(%:< ma. Repairing Neatly and Cltcaply Done «K?i™3—'GIVE MK'A'TBIAL. ^.-"-- J " •• .....n^^i.WMWflHN«!]HSU!l.... > Opposite Burke's botel. (fiH Carroll, lown.i SEBASTIAN WALZ •Uaafaetom tnfl Maiu la Boots and Shoes, I tan M Und • tali an* w«pl*u Uu tf LADIES'AND GENTS'SHOES •» ON fall MI wtattr »r*u. TIM* H*MI an ttjbt lAUtt Btil* and ten 'arabl • OElldna't BboM t ipcelaltr. i * Fourth. CARROLL, u THE OLD RBLIABL1 PIONEER" MEAT MARKET! If. BEITSR, Pruh mid 6alt Ifekti, the Sett V t* Bought, Uttins. Bid* Meats, *o rum, cuuns AKUPOULTJ Hlfbeit Market Prlo* Ptld lor BQ«> JT. BBITBB,, jrir«* Mwmr, O&RKOLL. i WINTERING BEES. Cellars Compared With Special Repositories—A Sncces'ahil Up Ground Cellar. Cellars are more generally used than up ground buildings, because most persona have a cellar under the dwelling house, If the cellar can be darkened, is dry and can be kept at a proper temperature, all right, but if the cellar is damp special up ground cellars may ba constructed. Iu the A B C of Bee Culture, Mr. Root illustrates a repository that G. M. Doolittle used for a number of years with success. Following is the description as given by Mr. Doolittle: Fig. 1 represents the outside as view ed from the southwest. The ground should rise gradually from the foreground up to the fence, the back end of the roof at the peak being lower, or as OUTSIDE VIEW. OF BEE CELLAR. low as the ground opposite to it, on each side. The outer roof is hemlock boards battened. In Fig. 2 I represents the window in the gable end of the anteroom, so I can have light after I go In and shut the first door. In this anteroom (see Fig. 2) I light my candle and have the sawdust to carry in to spread on the floor, etc. There is a water course to carry off all surplus water coming from the roof and elsewhere, it being made in a large scoep form by taking dirt out to go between the two roofs, as illus trated in Fig. 1. The fence is shown in the rear. This causes the snow to drift on the roof. There is a ventilator at the back end of the cellar. •Fig. 2 represents the front view, als< the ground plan of the anteroom anc doors; 1 is the casing that the outer door hangs on and against which the door shuts; 9 ia the outer door, which swings in and around against the south side of the anteroom; 8 is the first door toward entering the cellar, and in open ing it swings out and round the north side of the anteroom, finding the position when open aa represented; 4 is the next door, two feet farther in, which in opening also swings around against No. 8, as shown; 6 is the door entering the cellar, and in opening it swings into the cellar round against the south wall, unless the cellar is full of boos, in which case a stop is so placed that it will not hit the hives. In entering the cellar I first go into the anteroom and shut the door, as I have explained. Then I open Nos. 8 and 4 and stop into the last dead air space, closing No. 4 after me, but allowing No. 8 to remain open. I now open No. 6 and quickly stop into the cellar, clos- W ALFALFA OR LUCERN. Its Inerwwcil IinpnrtRtwe for HftJ — Big Be- tnrus Whore Tame Grasses Fall, Thousands of western farmers who ;wo years ago scarcely knew the difference between alfalfa and orchard grass are now seeding large portions of their 'arms to tho bountiful, purple blooming clover. Into hundreds of neighborhoods alfalfa has made its way swiftly. To the average western farmer alfalfa is now almost a necessity. West of the Missouri river tame grass culture is attended by many vicissitudes and is practically out of any farming' into which profit enters aa a factor. Red clover thrivss over limited areas, and timothy occasionally pays for cutting, but over the larger portion of the great west no commonly grown forage plant, excepting alfalfa, can be depended upon, even in what are considered the favorable years. Alfalfa seems almost absolutely certain to give good results. Only the most protracted droughts affect it in the least und then only to the extent of the cur ; rent growth. Frosts have injured it but once in Kansas, there ore few insects that do it damage, and a good crop of most excellent hay may be cut two, three and even four times a year, or the field may be pastured from March until Thanksgiving. Alfalfa clover is not like its near relation, red clover, a biennial plant, but is perennial, and its seeding is for all timo if so desired. This is a compensating quality, for thorough seeding is a slow and expensive proceeding and could scarcely be afforded for one, two or three c years' crops. The wonderful capacity of alfalfa for withstanding drought and yielding profitable returns despite nnfavoring weather is consequent upon its permanent character. The yield of alfalfa under favoring conditions is astonishing. Three crops, averaging 1>£ tons of dry hay each, are common. Perhaps 3 »r 3% tons of hay per acre may be token as an average crop. Alfalfa is only moderately good for pasturage. Its habit of growth is not to form a sod, giving weeds an abundant opportunity to gain a foothold when thu alfalfa is young, or is kept closely cropped so that it affords no shade. Then also, not forming a sod, it allows stock to sink in deeply in wet weather, to the serious injury of the land and of the alfalfa. But it starts early in the spring, bears moderately close cropping well, never ceases growing because of dry weather, and but a small area is required to support an animal. A great drawback to pasturing alfalfa, however, is its tendency when moist to induce hoven or bloat. It is worse in this respect than red clover. A heavy, impervious subsoil or an underlying stratum of rook within eight or ten feet of the surface most effectually prevents thrifty growth of alfalfa unless it is irrigated. It is the failure to understand and act properly upon this point that has led many western farmers, particularly in eastern Kansas, to the declaration that alfalfa as a farm crop is worthless. It is useless to attempt to grow alfalfa except where the depth of soil is such as has been suggested. Not less than 20 pounds of seed should be used under any circumstances, and except where conditions for germination are favorable still heavier seeding will be in the interest of economy. A thin stand can be remedied only by reseed- ing, which entails a heavy expense and the loss of one or two years' use of the laud. It is quite certain that alfalfa is destined to grow in importance as an American farm crop. But, says a correspondent of American Agriculturist, authority for the foregoing, there are obstacles to its successful cultivation in many sections of the country which. preclude its taking the place of timothy or clover or of any other commonly grown forage plant. It is a crop adapted to special condition's and more valuable than other similar crops only under those special conditions which are not found in all parts of tho country. West of tho Missouri river it is needed for the somiarid regions, but it is a crop to bo experimented with cautiously ruthor than adopted blindly except where experience has proved it to be successful. GROUND 1'LAN OF DEE CELLAR ing 5 after mo. Thus it will bo seen that vory little change of air can toko place by tuy entering, especially as all is covered overhead and on ull sides with earth, except tho anteroom. Tho collar bottom is quite dry, as there is it drain under the wall and bo- low tho bottom all uround.boiug 8 inches doop in tho northwest corner and 20 inches doop ut tho northeast corner or Outlet. The hives nro put along both walls and west end, placing ono on top of tho othor ouns four doop. Tho inuor roof is made by using 2 by 0 Bluff for ruftors (which uro a foot apart), with inch boards nulled on them ut tho top. Thoro arc throo fool of dry earth botwoou tho two roofs. Tho ventilator shows two elbows, which effectually exclude ull light. Tho liolo in it is 0 by 8 inches mjuiuu Thu uubourth ventilator is 4 foot doop, us fur as maybe, and 100 fVit long, but this and tho upper on« uro oloKod of luto winters, while tlm lin.-s aro in the collar. 1 buliuvo this it> ihb bust underground urrungomenl for wlntoriui; boos. Do You Catch the A chewing tobacco made t0 please a ^ universal taste, must be prepared from | the highest grade leaf, with a skill that > can only be acquired by th« longest experience. It must possess a delicious flavor, and a lasting substance, and must neither be too light nor too heavy, too sweet iior too flat. In every element dear to the tobacco chewer is so skillfully concentrated and blended as to make the most delicious chewing tobacco ever put on the market. Try it and you're sure to catch the idea. It's Lorillard's, anil Vlcld of i:ge». A correspondent of the Kitusus Farmer furnishes the following: Goose, 4 to the pound; 20 per annum. Polish, 0 to the pound; 100 per annum. Bantams, 10 to the pound; CO per annum. Houdaus, 8 to the pound; 100 per annum. La Flocho, 7 to the pound; 180 per annum. fiumburgs, 0 to the pound; 200 per annum. Turkeys, 6 to the pound; 80 to 00 per annum. Game fowl, I) to the pound; 130 per annum. Leghorns, 0 to the pound; 150 per nnnuin, Black Spanish, 7 to tho pound; 160 per annum. Plymouth Books, 8 to tho pound; 100 per annum. Laugshuus, 8 to the pound; 150 por annum. Bruhmas, 8 to the pound; 130 por annum. Quiuoa fowl, 11 to tho pound; 100 per annum. Uncles, 0 to tho pound; UO to 00 per annum. _ What IUu»iui N«uil». The Kansus Farmer affirms that what Kansas iioods is uu irrigation survey which shall show whoro her underground waters aro and in what supply und how they inuy be mado uvuilabla Given this informutiun, uu' ]n ..plo will (jottlo tho nuo.sliou of irrigation mid in tho western jmi'l of tho tslutn \vill gen- ui'ully suttlo it by tho OOIIM ruction of individual pumpiug uluuts und renur- voirs or ponds. _ Tho wool olip of 1804 In ilu' United Stales is tho lighttwt iu vevuntl Scientific Bigotry. The greatest bigots are certainly no longer the theologians. Preachers are in the van of every movement for human progress aud help now before the world. The wisest and most intellectual of them hold themselves receptive to the now thomght pouring upon the earth. As to science, it is now much in the state iu which the popular theology was at the time of the advent of the Christian religion. The rabbis and the elden of soienoe hold doggedly to a dull formalism, rejecting and sepruing all wb.0 differ from them. If a grain of troth hitherto nndisoerned is discovered by Any one, it must be perceived in exactly the manner laid down in the books, or it is no truth at all. If marvels contrary to ordinary human experience occur, do they investigate these marvels in a wise, tolerant «pirit? Not ta«yt They have a far easier way of disposing of these matters. They simply say these things never occurred, and that settles it. If an earthquake should shake up the ground under them, they would deny that it ever happened unless it occurred atriotly according to their printed law of seismic disturbances. If 20 reliable witnesses should make oath that they had seen a phenomenon occur, the rabbis and elders of science would study up their books, and if there was no record printed in syllabled words that any suoh thing bad previously taken place then it never did happen, and that was the end of it in spite of the evidence of 20 honest meu that they had seen it happen. Such is the so called scientific spirit of the present day. It is not the scientific spirit at all. The mind that has soared into the beautiful realms of the unknown and brought back untold treasures, a mind like that of Darwin, Galileo or Louis Agassi/, is hninblo aud receptive. Reverently these followed their great teacher, nature, whether she led thoin according to the rules laid down in the books or uot, The true Boioutifio spirit is as gentle and teaohablo_as that of a little child. It never dogmatizes; hol nothing too high or too low for it to draw a lesson from. It holds nothing impossible. It is clear seeing aud ull tolerant Iu things the commonest and most despised it discerns often immortal truths, and it ia always loaruiug. lands would become the habitation oi hundreds of thousands of people. The most fertile portion of the meadows could be converted into vegetable and small fruit gardens, giving occupation and a living to families from the overcrowded cities of New York and Brooklyn. The thing could be accomplished by the building of dikes or dams along the Qfmst to keep put the tides. Canals running through the swamps would col- leet th» water and convey it to the sea. At low tide the water would drain off tMb* »»a through gates that opened outward automatically, but shut tight under the action of the rising tide. The rain would wash the salt out of the soil, and ia time it would be fitted for cultivated vegetation. Fint there would be great fields of luxuriant hay Mil grass. Then the other product* would come. HO ««irbt all this will top doM by the close of the twentieth century. The only reason it has not been done already is that it would cost smoh a pile of money. The heat thing about it would' be the destruction of the mosquito A Good Shot and an Ilouevt Man. The New Orleans Picayune tells a good story of Lieutenant John W. Heard of tho Third United States cavalry aud of how ho got tho best of a dishonest army contractor. Lieutenant Hoard was detailed as quartermaster at Fort Thomas, A. T. Tho contractors Hunt in thuir bids to furnish supplies as usual, the now quarUtrniustor keeping a sharp eye on thoiu ull. He had, as lie supposed, all tho contracts iu his pottsusHiou. But one duy he discovered that certain papers from ono of tho contractors were missing. Tho contractor bad tukuu thorn back, Ho wout to the inttu'w ofllce and aukod for tuow. Tho contractor dooliuod to liuml thorn over. At t ho «t mo timo ho reuiurkud, with a smilo that was childlike uud blond, tliut tho now quarter- uiuHtor would bo amply taken care of. Liuutouunt Hoard drew his pistol and remurkod buck to tho ooutraotor, "(Jive mo those papora" Tho contractor did not them hovititto. Lloutouuut Hoard found thut tho original figurou hud beon ulterud BO uu to ohuut tho govorumout out of boverul thousand dollars. Tho po- culiitr wiutukoH wore rooliliod at ouuo uudur tlio inspiration of Lioutoiiuut Ilorucu Urc'uloy wui lutwmoly Jntor- Mtuil i" Uio Hubjuc't of reclaiming the Halt uiurnhc* of Joiwy uud making thorn tit fur liuiuuu habitation. If thuy could bo dniiiiud, thu moMjuito crop which HOW UiakuM dpaolutu tho Jtisny ouiu>t would Uo uuuihiliUwl, uud thu licit low- " "" The StraiffhtoBt Tip. It is the quarter a night that yon give the sleeping oar porter. The reason it is so straight is that you are putting money straight into the pocket of the sleeping oar company. Two dollars a night is uot enough tax for these im- peMmious companies. They must live somehow, and so they levy on the pas- MigerB in their oars to get their little •pending money. The wages said to be frequently paid to the sleeping oar porter is $15 a month and find himself. It ia about the average pay that a good kitchen girl gets, with her food and lodging thrown in. Yet in spite of getting $15 a month from the car company the pay of the oalorod porter runs often away ahead that of the white conductor of the train. The colored porter wears diamonds aud takes his best girl outings to fashionable Hoamdo resorts and ardors soft shell oxabs and champagne. Jhe car companies out down tho porter's wages to almost nothing, calculating .to the lost 25 cents tho amount of the tips the porter will -levy on the helpless traveler. So the companies got out of paying decent wages, so the traveler is utterly at the mercy of the porter, who can be as mean as he chooses to Ihoso who cannot pay- It is the same in the groat hotels that ohargo $7 a day. They pay the table waiters a trifle, but the table waiters manage to got tho rest of tho traveler's pile. Tho ooiiBoquonce of all this is that groody vulgarians with monoy and with ue foolish scruples about other pooplo's rights or ooiiveuiouoo got all tho best food and the best places at tho table. Ttxt greedy vulgarians have not yet outgrown tho propensities of some of iwoostors with bristles. Hollo Huiitlutf Idiots. Tho sculptured fuoo of Goorgo Wash ingtou iu tho iiiuido of tho grout Wash ingtou monument back of tho "White House by tho I'otouiuo rivor lion uo nose. TJao IIOHO wiui ohippod oil by a relio huutor. Thut tliure is a humuu beiug ulivo uud walking among whlto muu who is oupublo of suuh uu utrooity Huuwd how fur tho world is yot from civilisation. NVhut good would 1 ho poor inutilutud Htono uoso do tho vuudiil who out it off? Ho would wsurooly daro show it uiiioiig his ruro urt trousurou. There certainly is uo lioauty loi't iu it uow, whutuvur tliuro was originally. Vuuv rulic hunter is in ovury case «uch u fool thut ho hub uo (lihtinutiuu in himsulf ut ull. Whi'H hu viaiU tho gruvi'd of grout muu or tho iiionuinonU of umiquity, ho tliiuks it will uoufor u lit Uu borrowed graoo ou him to huvv rublii-d uguiiibt tho kUlurlu pluoon. The 4iuwiuuu rulio hunting iUlut will uvuu punch holes with his umbrella point in the priceless mosaic pavements of Italy just so that he may gratify his back country mania for showing off that he has traveled. Never chip a monument or historic stone. Never snip a tapbstry or break a twig from a forbidden locality. Carry the memory of noted objects you have seen in your heart and brain and make) a good story telling how you have seen them. Thus the world will know yo» have been away from home. Remember one of the werst bores in Christendom is the person who has gathered up a lot of sticks and stones and old trash from historic localities and insists on displaying it to your weary eyes. 'Investigating a Bakery. ^ , London is having its stir, up this year on the subject of bakeries. A searchlight baa been thrown into the places where the people's bread is made. Nowhere else is so much homemade bread used as in this country. All over Europe the people depend on the bakeshop for their supply, nnd few housewives even know how to make bread. •>/•: *-'':' London has been appalled at the turning inside out of the indescribable deni called bakeries in that city. It is not likely that the situation is any better here. It is altogether probable that if we could lift the roof off the holes where the bread we oat is made we could never again take a bite of it in comfort. In London the bakers are worked out of all reason. They toil nearly twice as many hours as any human being ought to and in dark, foul smelling basements. They oro so exhausted that they deliberately drop upon their own molding boards and eleep in their greasy, perspiration stained clothes till the inexorable tuskiuustor drives them up again. The rooking attuospboM is steaming hot. Purspiratioa drips from the workman's faoo into the bread and is soaked in. Ho jumps into the dough with his bore, perspiring feet and kneads it. Tho custom is the tame in this countrv. Machinery has been invented for Kneading bread, bat the average bakery is without it. » ., It is a mistake, to say the least, to knead dough under any oirournstauoM with tho hands. From the cleanest, daiu.tie.st of hands scurf skin and insm- sible perspiration pats otf. Th« (magi- nation would batter not go further IB that direction. The timo will oortainly come when all the world will knot? that bread made either by human haud or feet is dirty aud uuhealthful. Ma- chiuory will bo provided to do all tot working of tho dough, if indeed yeast broad doou uot go out altogether. Besides tho uuoloan employees the filthy cellars are touuutod by on innumerable host of vermin—cockroaches, fliou, rats aud othor orouturoa. If you want to know whether a bakery is clean or not, notice tho smell in it That settles' the question for 00 out of every 100. Theonlybukoryflttobepulroiiiaed by human boiugs is ono whore everything Is done openly and in plain view, whore tho proprietor invites tho inspection of hi» customers through all to* processes of breudinukiug. Thoro art such shops, as daiuty, sweet and whole* Home oj spotless olouuliuoiM ouu juuki thom. In them tho workman aro olud iu white aud are houlthy uud rosy aud comfortable mid wear snowy cups. Pur* air circulates frottly through all, aud thi snu shiuen iu. Tliuro uro uo raU 01 rouohus, uot a rouoh, uud thor* is uo luolily Biuull. A bukusuop whoso proprietor rofuaoa to lot visitors soo how tit* broud is umdo is tu bo ngiu-dud with Huunioiou. England no longer donioa tuo fact that tho con tor of tho world's coal and Irou industry is passing fruw Great, Brltuiu to tug Uuitud Btutua.
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