ira cU 75th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1965 $1.50 Per Month Sixteen Pages 10 Cents BOUNDARY LINE — Under the watchful eyes of a lookout. Marines string barbed wire along the border of the American-held security quarter in Santo Domingo where fighting between rebels and the junto forces intensified. (NEA Radio-Telephoto) Junto leader refuses fo resign, will negotiate SANTO DOMINGO (UPI) — Junta leader Waj. Gen. Antonio Imbert Barreras today defied reported United States efforts to get him to resign as a step towards political peace here. Imbert said he was willing to negotiate with rebel leader Col. Francisco Caamano Deno but added he would never agree to "step aside in favor of Communists." He made the statement after conferring with.the 10 top Dominican military leaders in the country. "I am not going to step aside and let the Communists take over," Imbert said. "The fight is between communism and democracy. "I am on the side of democracy." Imbert denied reports that U. S. fact - fuiders here had tried to got liim to quit in favor of a junta headed by Antonio Buz- nian, 54, landowner and businessman and associate of ousted e.\-President Juan Bosch. But his press secretary, Danilo Brugal said Imbert had flatly rejected the coalition government proposal of the United States. Imbert said he had the "unqualified support" of the nation's armed forces. He was accompanied by a bodyguard of si.\ troopers armed with carbines and subma- chineguns and on his way to an undisclosed conference when he talked with a UPI reporter. Asked about efforts to negotiate a cease-fire, Bnigal replied: "We will cease fire when •we have finished off the rebels." The reports coincided with disclosure a paratroop unit Monday night fired on and destroyed a rebel tank shelling American positions at the Duai-te Bridge, on the east bank of the Ozama River. The Ai-my briefing officer re ported 45 cca.sc-fire violations up to midnight Monday night. 23 of them in the corridor, two north and east of the Duarte Bridge, 12 south and' east of thei bridge and eight in the international safely zone. A sniper killed a paratrooper on the top of a roof, the officer said. The death was the 19th American fatality in the past three weeks. Fighting between the rival Dominican factions complicated U. S. efforts to achieve a negotiated settlement of the civil war. 31 lose lives in mine blast TONYPANDY, Wales fUPI) "It was as if the lid had been blowTi off hell itself." That was how one black- faced rescue worker described the scene 800 feet below in a nearby coalmine where 31 miners lost their lives in a fearful explosion Monday. There were 13 survivors but tlie cause of the blast was still undetermined. Some of the rescued were seriously injured. William Whitehead, a spokesman for the miners, said no one knew what set off the explosion. "But I am quite certain that not sufficient attention has been paid to maintaining safety standards in this pit, he said. Investigators sought to pin down the cause of the blast as others began the grim task ot matching the fingerprints of the| dead. Congress stamps 'urgent' on tax cut WASHINGTON (UPI) - Congress today stamped an "urgent" label on President Johnson's S4 billion excise tax reduction, setting it up for possible House approval in two weeks. The lawmakers were fearful that if they talked too long without acting, they would generate a "buyers' strike" which might disrupt the record 50 months of economic prosperity. Both Democrats and Republicans generally endorsed Johnson's plan to eliminate or reduce excise taxes on 40 items and services during the next three years. However, Republicans pressed for a commitment from the President that the tax cut would be accompanied by a corresponding reduction in spending. The House Ways &. Means Committee, first congressional stop for tax bills, began deliberations today on the President's plan. Tlie committee could complete its work by the end of the week. Tliere was a bipartisan sense ot urgency about ehmination of the taxes—many of them fiscal left-overs from World War II and the Korean conflict. Weather Redlands Today (2 p.m. Reading) Highest 85, Lowest 54 One Year .Ago Highest 87, Lowest 49 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:45 a.m. — 7:47 p.m. No smog, allowable bm-ning. San Bernardino 'Valley: Night and morning low clouds and local fog but mostly sunny afternoons. Slightly cooler days. Lows tonight near 55. U.S. Weather Buraau Noon Forecast There will be considerable low cloudiness from the coast inland through the coastal and intermediate valleys during the night and morning hours, otherwise mostly sunny weather will prevail in Southern California Wednesday and Thursday. Winds in the deserts will be locally 15-30 mph in the evenin; hours. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ending at 4 a.m. .High Low Precip. Boston 68 53 .01 Chicago 57 49 T. Cincinnati 77 49 Denver S3 48 Des Moines 82 62 Fairbanks 59 35 Fort Worth 80 69 Helena 54 29 Kansas City 86 63 .33 Las Vegas 96 73 Los Angeles 79 60 Minneapolis 73 54 .12 New Orleans 85 67 New York 83 56 Oklahoma City 83 6S Omaha 85 5i 1.48 Palm Springs 103 71 Sacramento 88 53 Salt Lake City 70 43 San Francisco 66 50 Seattle 59 42 Washington 87 59 Ambassador walks out MOSCOW (UPI) — American .Ambassador Foy D. Kohler walked out of a diplomatic reception Monday night when Bulgarian President Georgi Traikov accused the United States of a "criminal venture" in Viet Nam and the Dominican Republic. An embassy spokesman said the walkout occurred at the House of Receptions in the swank Lenin Hills sections of JMoscow. Traikov said the United States was guilty of "flagrant, armed intervention" in the two countries. Soviet President Anastas Mi- koyan was the next speaker and the spokesman said his speech was in the same vem. "It, too, would have justified a walkout," tlie spokesman said. Martial law follows rioting in La Paz LA P.AZ. Bolivia (UPI) — The Military junta government decreed a "state of siege" (modified martial law) in Bolivia Monday night after a day of strike rioting in wiiich at least one person was killed and 15 were injured. Al a late night meeting, the junta decided to dismiss all of the nation's principal union leaders and call union elections within 40 days to choose replacements. The government also decreed "general mobilization" of men aged 19 to 50 and "obligatory civil service" for those aged 18 to 60. It was uncertain, however, how many actually would be called up. Schools were closed for the day to restrict student violence. None of La Paz's newspapers was expected to publish. Johnson delivers labor message WASHINGTON (UPI)—President Johnson redeemed a pledge to organized labor today by asking Congress t o scrap "right to work" laws banning the union shop in 19 states. He also called for extension of the $1.25 federal minimum wage to 4,600,000 more workers in traditionally low-paid retail, hotel, restaurant and laundry industries. Johnson's long - awaited special labor message proposed a law requiring double time pay for overtime work. This would be effective after 48 hours work a week this year and after 45 hours a week starting in 1968. The President carefully avoided a direct endorsement of AFL-CIO demands for raising the minimum wage to 52 an hour. Johnson did say the only questions about increasing the present S1.25 minimum rate were "when" and "how much," and referred the matter to Congress. Johnson rejected proposals for legislation to shorten the standard 40-hour week, but directed the new national Commission Technology, Automation and economic progress to study that issue. Endorses Jobless Bill The chief executive, at the same time, endorsed a bill to provide wider coverage of jobless benefits together with longer duration and increased amounts. He also indicated that the tax on employers and the amount of wages subject to tax in the unemployment insurance system both would bs increased. In discussing the minimum wage rate, Johnson said the S1.25 hourly figure would yield annual earnings of only 52,500 to a full time worker. This is below the so-called poverty line of 53,000 drawn by the Jolmson administration. "As average wages rise, the minimum wage level should be increased periodically," he said, without committing himself on an increase at this time. When And How "The question is not whether the minimum wage should be increased but when and by how much," Johnson said. "The Congress should consider carefully the effects of higher minimum wage rates on the incomes of those employed, and (Continued on page 2) .1 to resume bombings since no word from Hanoi W.ASHINGTON (UPI) - The United States decided to resume air attacks on North Viet Nam after the Hanoi government failed to accept President Johnson's public and private appeals to talk peace, administration officials said today. The United States had hoped the President's speech six days ago renewing his offer of unconditional discussions — plus new overtures to Hanoi through neutralist channels—would convince North Viet Nam it was time to stop fighting. The air attacks resumed today with a 30-bomber raid on an oil depot 125 miles south of Hanoi. They had been suspended for five days to give the Communist leaders an opportunity to respond to the Washington initiatives. Officials said the aerial pounding now will continue in an effort to persuade the Hanoi regime it is risking destruction in its role as a tool for what U.S. officials consider Communist China's master plan of conquest of all Southeast Asia. The White House refused comment on resumption of the raids, just as it had declined to say why they had been halted, referring all inquiries to the State Department. The next step in the sustained U.S. air offensive against the Hanoi regime could well involve attacks on economic targets in an effort to convince Hanoi that its support and direction of the Viet Cong rebellion in South Viet Nam is go ing to prove increasingly costly. So far the American attacks which began Feb. 7, have been directed against military targets, including bridges and supply depots. The President's address was widely interpreted as an effort to drive a wedge between Hanoi and Peking, taking advantage of what intelligence sources reported was a split in the North Vietnamese government over whether to talk peace or keep fighting. Committee schedules Petroleum depot first I f * * f I f early hearings larger in new air aftack Perkins services NEW YORK (UPI)-A Requiem Mass for Frances Perkins, 83, the nation's first wo:nan cabinet member, was held here Monday wilh Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz representing President Johnson. Thai leader says war must be fought TOKYO (UPI) — Foreign Minister Thanat Khoman of Thailand said today any neutralization of Southeast .Asia would result in "surrender by installments" to the Communists. Speaking at a meeting of the Foreign Correspondents Club, the Thai diplomat said he be- lives the war in South Vict Nam must be fought to a successful conclusion. He said neutralization would mean no more than a six-month lull in the fighting and that "aggression" would be renewed after that time. "This would be surrender by installments, a brief moratorium at best," Khoman said. W.ASHINGTON (UPI) — A House labor subcommittee today scheduled early hearings on President Johnson's request for repeal of the controversial "right-to-work" provision of the Taft-Hartley law. The subcommittee, headed by Rep. Frank Thompson, D-N.J., set hearings for next Monday. Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz will be the lead-off witness. Johnson sent Congress a message on labor asking repeal of section 14 (B) of the Taft-Hartley law, which permits states to outlaw the union shop. He also asked for extension of the 51 .25 federal minimum wage to 4.6 million more workers and proposed a law requiring double time pay for overtime work to help provide jobs for the unemployed. Other congressional news: Bagge: The Senate Commerce! Committee approved the nomination of Chicago attorney Carl E. Bagge to be a member of the Federal Power Commission. Voting Rights: Senate liberals appeared ready to settle lor a provision in the voting rights bill that would put Congress on record as finding that poll taxes as a voting requirement are a denial or abridgement of the right to vote. The provision would substitute for the outright ban on poll taxes that the liberals had sought in the bill. Poverty: House Education and Labor Committee members postponed a scheduled meeting to reverse their move last week to do away with state governors' rights to veto anti-poverty projects. The postponement came because nf the absence of a key subcommittee member. Clear Air: The Senate passed and sent the House a bill designed to reduce air pollution from automobile exhausts. The program would lake effect start(Continued on page 2i SAIGON (UPI) — Thirty U.S.! bombers today resumed the air attacks against North Viet Nam after a five-day lull. A petroleum depot was the target. An American military spokesman reported "severe damage" to the oil depot at Phu Qui about 125 miles south of thej North Vietnamese capital of| Hanoi. He said the depot was left burning under the impact of 25 1 tons of bombs, rockets and "bullpup" guided missiles. The planes which carried out the raids came from the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Coral Sea. The spokesman said all returned safely. A North Vietnamese broadcast, monitored in Tokyo, claimed that "many waves" of U.S. planes bombed and strafed targets on Communist territory; .Monday. It claimed that one, F105 was shot down over Nghe^ .•^n province. j U. S. air raids on the Com-i munist north were suspended; spokesman said 11 members ct last Wednesday following a, the relief column were killed. speech by President Johnson in which he reiterated his willingness to hold "unconditional" peace discussions. But there has been no indication that Communist North Viet Nam nor Red China was willing to accept the offer. 17 wounded and 38 missing. The Viet Cong captured 100 weapons and withdrew into the jungle before a second relief force reoccupied the hamlet Monday night. A separate but similar Viet Cong attack in the same gcn- Meantime, six .battalions of^wal area Monday was less sue- South Vietnamese troops launched a pincers actions against a Communist base near the border with North Viet Nam. Intelligence reports indicated the camp is used to train infiltrating soldiers from the Communist north. Far to the south. Communist guerrillas captured the entire 60-man garrison of a government hamlet Monday and killed cessful. Two companies of guerrillas tried to overrun Vo Su hamlet in adjacent Binh Tuy Province 65 miles east of Saigon but provincial troops repulsed the raid and called for aerial strikes by Vietnamese air force fighter-bombers. The area was strewn with 50 Viet Cong bodies, 30 of whom ! were believed to be victims of or wounded 28 Vietnamese who''he air attacks. Vietnamese tried to drive them out. ! '°^ses were placed at five A U.S. military spokesman:'^''J;;t*"';.i''"\;™""^^^'^, , said the guerrillas overran Phn 1?. r Binh Thuan^^^'' "f 'he V.et- Heavy security for Humphrey !as Long hamlet m Province, 100 miles east of Saigon, in a daring daylight raid. Capture Garrison namesc army's I Corps, announced details of the pincer attack against the Communist camp from his headquarters at One Vietnamese militiaman | Da Nang, 385 miles north of Wantz funeral LOS ANGELES (UPI) — Funeral services were sclicduled today for rookie angel pitcher Dick Wantz, who died last Thursday night of a cancerous brain tumor. SEEKING SNIPERS — Marines on patrol duty at Haina, near can Republic, use an ancient cannon as a barricade while Radio-Telephoto) Santo Domingo in the Domini- searching for snipers. (NEA Medals given to 22 Navy combat fliers PEARL HARBOR (UPI) Twenty-two naval officers were awarded .Air Combat Medals aboard the carrier Hancock today in the first war medal presentation at Pearl Harbor since the Korean War. Pacific Fleet Commander Admiral Roy L. Johnson made the presentation to the officers who have just returned from seven months duty in the South China Sea. Most of the medals were for bombing and fighter missions against the Communists in North Viet Nam. The Hancock arrived Monday enroute back to the West Coast after almost continuous patrols in the South China Sea with the Seventh Fleet. The Hancock's captain, Frank B. Stone of Bloomfield, N.J., was given the Legion ot Merit. DALLAS (UPI) — With the reminder of a nation's tragedy forever etched on their minds, members of the Secret Service enforced the tightest security measures possible Monday to protect Vice President Hubert Humphrey. They were the most severe precautions taken since President Kennedy's assassination a year and a half ago. Secrecy shrouded the security plans. Humphrey came to Dallas to speak to a select group of 100 persons, members of the "President's Club." Everything connected with the short trip went smoothly. Police swarmed across the city to take up assigned vantage points. The Secret Service planned five routes to take Humphrey from the airport to the downtown hotel where he made his speech. The route which was finally used was flashed to city police by code only minutes before the vice president actually climbed into his car. Humphrey arrived in Dallas on a commercial air transport, but left on a 10-passenger government plane. When he walked out of the hotel following his address, 28 police were standing on guard, There were 25 across the street, two on a roof overlooking the area and one in a window across the street. About 200 onlookers silently watched the vice president emerge from the hotel. Neither Police Chief Jesse Curry nor the Secret Service j would discuss the tight securityi precautions. ! was killed and another wounded before the hamlet fell. The guerrillas captured the entire garrison of two militia platoons, each numbering about 30 men. Two companies of provincial troops rushed to the relief of the beleaguered hamlet, but were badly mauled. The Polish youth defects to United States BERLIN (UPI) - The 19- year-old son of a Polish diplomat stationed in East Berlin has asked for political asylum in the United States, it was announced today. It was the second case of a Polish defector in Germany within two weeks. A U.S. spokesman identified the youth as Marek Radonski, the son of an attache at the Polish embassy in East Berlin, and said he crossed the U.S. .Army's Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin on May 5. Officials said there was no connection between Radonski's case and that of another pole who defected last Sunday. Wladyslaw Tykocinski, the head of the Polish mihtary mission in West Berlin, walked up to an American Army sergeant in Frankfurt and told him he wanted to defect because he was fed up with communism. Tykocinski was a diplomat with the title of minister and military rank of major general. He also was flown into West Germany. Western officials in Frankfurt said Tykocinski's defection will help intelligence agencies uncover Communist spy rings operating in Western Europe. Saigon. He said intelligence informa- lion indicated that one of two battalions of regular North Vietnamese soldiers may be training at the base, about 70 miles north of Da Nang. Southern leaders WASHINGTON (UPI)-Southern governors and congressmen agreed today they cannot block an order to desegregate schools receiving federal aid and decided instead to seek modification of the order. They said tlie alternative would be serious damage to the southern school system. The governors of eight southern states met with most of their House and Senate members behind closed doors for two hours in the caucus room of the Cannon House Office Building. Gov. Carl Sanders of Georgia, who v/as instrumental in arranging the meeting, told reporters afterward that the mood of the southern group was not defiant. He said the consensus was tliat the law must be obeyed and that no one present was optimistic about repeal of a recent desegregation order issued by the U.S. Office of Education. The order said that school systems must desegregate at least four grades next fall and must submit plans for complete desegregation by 1967 to qualify for contmued federal assistance. Hoover reports 43 with subversive backgrounds in UC campus demonstrations W.ASHINGTON (UPI) —Forty- three persons with "subversive backgrounds" took part in the so - called free speech demonstrations last fall at the University of California, according to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. According to testimony released Monday, Hoover told a recent House appropriations subcommittee hearing that the 43 included five faculty members, wiiom he did not identify. He said the demonstrations on the Berkeley campus of the university were not originated or controlled by Communists, but that they were "exploited by a few Communists for their own end." He said that Mario Savio, a student leader and spokesman for the Free Speech Movement (FSM), had associated with a member of the "Marxist- oriented" W.E.B. DuBois Club of Berkeley. Hoover did not refer to Savio as a "subversive" in published testimony. But he said Savio had traveled ^vith Bettina Aptheker on a tour of midwestern and eastern colleges to seek financial backing for students arrested in the demonstrations. Miss Aptheker was Savio's "close adviser" on the tour, Hoover said. He identified her as a member of the W.E.B. Du bois Club and as the daughter of Herbert Aptheker. The latter, Hoover said, had been "publicly identified" by the Communist newspaper, The Worker, as a member of the national committee of the Communist Party. Savio and Miss Aptheker were the only two persons associated with the Berkeley demortstra- tions whom Hoover mentioned by name in published testimony before the subcommittee headed by Rep. John J. Rooney, D-N.Y.
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