Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 15, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, July 15, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. L1Y AtioctiUd Press and United Press Fun Lets* Wires (Five Cents • Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 15, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One No. 239 AP Wirephoto WINNERS SHAKE HANDS—President Harry S. Truman (left) and Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky shake hands on the speaker's rostrum as they appear before the convention which nominated them Wednesday night for the presidency and vice-presidency on the 1948 democratic ticket. Jews Rout Arab Force Siege on Negba Has Been Raised Tel Aviv, (U.R)—Jewish forces have routed an Egyptian battalion and raised the siege of Negba, on the southern front below Tel Aviv, official sources claimed Thursday. But in most of Palestine the fighting fronts were so quiet that observers wondered if the lull was a prelude to another truce. Throw in Armor Egypt threw in armor, planes, artillery and a strong infantry force in an effort to take Negba, which the Jews, remembering Stalingrad, had called "Negba- grad," but a counter-attacking Jewish mechanized commando unit caught an Egyptian battalion of guard, killed 200 ot them.and wounded another 200, and broke the Egyptian ring encircling the Jewish bastion. The battle field was "littered with dead bodies, and the Egyptians withdrew in confusion, leaving their killed and wounded behind," a United Press correspondent on the southern front reported. Had Town Circled (Earlier, a Cairo communique had claimed that Egyptian troops had Negba encircled, and had driven off Jews attacking to lift the siege). The Jewish commando unit which relieved the Negba defenders is called "Samson's Foxes." It was in the Negba area that the Bible says Samson defeated the Philistines after sending foxes with burning rags on their tails through Philistine grain fields to set them ablaze. At the same time, a Jewish mechanized unit made a surprise foray into Sidud, which the Egyptians have held since before the United Nations truce, and drove up and down its streets spraying them with automatic fire. PROBE REPORT DUE Waterloo, (U.R)—A Black Hawk county grand jury report on its investigation of the recent Rath packing company riot is expected •Within a few days. The jury Wednesday returned an indictment on another investigation of a minor nature. Russia Objects to Proposal to Settle Palestine Issue Lake Success, (ff>) —Russia Wednesday night suddenly objected to several key sections of the American proposal for ending the Palestine war. The soviet stand threatened to delay or even kill the plan for the security council to issue a cease-fire order to the Jews and Arabs. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko raised his objections and made counter proposals just as the council appeared to be nearing a vote. The American plan had 6 affirmative votes pledged but 7 are needed and Russia thus appeared to be in a position to force a series of changes and deletions. ' Council President Dmitri Z. Manuilsky of the Soviet Ukraine hurriedly adjourned the meeting after Gromyko's speech and delegates went, into private huddles in an attempt •" to reach some agreement. The council will convene again Thursday. Would Eliminate Count If accepted, the soviet counterproposals would eliminate Count Folke Bernadotte from the picture. The United States resolution provides for the U. N. mediator to supervise a truce of unlimited duration and continue efforts at mediation. Russia moved to strike out all these sections. Gromyko accepted the sections of the resolution calling for a council order to the Jews and Arabs to stop fighting within 3 days. Failure to comply would open the way for invoking diplomatic and economic sanctions or even the use of international military force. He also agreed to an immediate cease-fire in Jerusalem. Ignore Verdict Basing his argument on the contention that the U. N. assembly's decision to partition the Holy Land into independent Jewish and Arab nations is in full effect, Gromyko said Bernadotte's mediation efforts had ignored this verdict and there was no need for further attempts at mediation. U. S. Deputy Delegate Philip C. Jessup told reporters he is studying the developments. He said the United States might make some changes in wording but would not agree to dropping Bernadotte. The Great Bustard, one of the largest flying birds, weighs about 30 pounds. Western Allies May Carry Berlin Demands to Stalin London, (U.R)—The western allies may carry their demand for the immediate lifting of the Berlin blockade direct to Premier Josef Stalin, informed sources indicated Thursday. "Stalin made the deal with us In 1945 for the western withdrawal of troops around Berlin," an informant said. "Now Mr. Molotov (Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov) is repudiating it. "It would certainly be logical to carry the case to the Russian 'court of last resort' before turning to other action." : This possibility was raised while Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin told the British cabinet that Russia's refusal to lift the Berlin blockade posed a serious challenge to the prestige and even the honor of the western powers. Emerrencr Session ' A regular cabinet meeting at 10 Downing street, it was understood, was virtually converted into an emergency session to discuss the Russian note which challenged the right of the western powers to remain longer in Berlin. Continuous consultations among American, French and British officials here and between this cap- ital and Paris and r ashington continued. Quick counter-action to the "completely unsatisfactory" Russian reply 3s expected—probably another note with a threat to carry the case to the United Nations or to the world court if the blockade is not ended immediately. Far Apart The west and the east were far apart. The west insisted upon the immediate lifting of the blockade and then possibly 4-power talks on Berlin. The Russians refused to lift the blockade, charged that the west has forced its imposition by introducing new currency into Berlin, and insisted that any 4- power talks must consider all German problems. American Ambassador Lewis Douglas and French Ambassador Rene Massigli prepared to spend most of the day on conferences here with high British officials to formulate a joint plan. The Berlin crisis, which has been "very serious*' since last month, turned even worse 6n publication of the soviet reply to the Anglo-American-French demand that the soviet blockade of Berlin be lifted at once. Arrest Driver of Death Auto Second Lake Mills Man Succumbs to Injuries Albert Lea, Minn., (U.R)—Arly Madin, 32, Albert Lea, admitted Thursday that he was the driver of a car which struck 2 men, killing one outright and injuring the other faially, authorities said. The victims were Alfred C. Ness and Carl Juveland, both of Lake Mills, Iowa. Ness was killed instantly and Juveland died early Thursday in a hospital here. The 2 were changing a tire on their own car south of Albert Lea when struck Wednesday by a car which sped on without stopping. Deputy Sheriff Jess Seuser said Madin was apprehended on a tip from a person who noticed Madin's car had a broken headlight and dented fender. Seuser and Acting Sheriff Carl Lindahl picked up the car and later arrested Madin, Seuser said. He said Madin had agreed to sign a written confession as soon as authorities have completed their investigation. No charges had been placed against Madin. Strike Ease 1 Reported in Italy Crisis Government Says Back to Work Movement Is Cracking Riot Front Rome, (/P) — The government said Thursday a "back to work movement" is cracking the general strike clamped on Italy by communist labor after the at- empted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti. Togliatti, Italy's No. 1 communist who also stands ace high with :he soviet union, was reported mproying. A Sicilian law student shot him 3 times outside the chamber of deputies Wednesday. G Persons Die In addition to the paralyzing eneral strike the shooting touched off violence which claimed the ives of 6 persons and injured lundreds more. Disturbances continued Thursday but on a lesser scale than Wednesday. The interior ministry headed by Mario Scelba said Italian workers were beginning to return to their iobs at several places. Resistance to Stiffen This was regarded as certain to stiffen resistance by Premier Alcide de Gasperi to reported demands from the communist-led eneral Labor Confederation (CGIL) lor Scelba's resignation as the price for ending the strike. The interior ministry com- munique described the situation ;n Italy as "everywhere normal." It said Sicilian railways were operating again, volunteers were manning "expresses out of Naples, government offices operating regularly and that there was '"partial restoration" of activity in many cities. Truman Wins Ballot, Calls Congress Back Grand Jury indicts 33 Rath Strike Violence Under Investigation Waterloo, (#•)—The Black Hawk county grand jury which has been in session since June 9 investigating violence at the Rath Packing company plant during the strike there returned 33 indictments Thursday, all in connection with the strike. The jury indicted Fred Lee Roberts, Negro of Dunkerton, on manslaughter charges in connection with a fatal shooting on the picket line at the plant which waf followed by a riot. Also indicted were Leo Guynn, president of the CIO United Packinghouse Workers union local, and Everett Hopper, chief steward of the local .Both were charged with conspiracy to riot and were being held in the county jail. Eleven indictments charging conspiracy were returned. Demos Stay With McGrath Retained as National Committee Chairman Philadelphia, (JP) — Senator J. Howard McGrath was retained as chairman of the democratic national committee Thursday to direct the election drive for President Truman and Senator Barkley. The selection of McGrath was made at a post-convention session of the national committee. Northern party leaders laudec both the Truman-Barkley tickel and McGrath as they put into office this slate of national committee officials for the campaign: McGrath of Rhode Island, national chairman; Mrs. Charles W Tillett, of- North Carolina, vice- chairman; Mrs. Dorothy Vredenburgh, of Alabama, secretary; Joe L. Blythe, of North Carolina, treasurer, Leslie Biffle, of Washington, D. C., sergeant-at-arms and Representative Clarence Cannon of Missouri, parliamentarian. Alabama representatives showei up at the committee session, but Mississippi was missing. Youth Dies After Being Hit by Truck Dubuque, (/P)—Donald Dunham a 5 year old Rickardsville boy died Wednesday in a hospital here from, injuries suffered when he was hit by a county dump truck late Tuesday near his home. The death brought to 6 the number of persons killed in traffic accidents so far during 1948 in Dubuque county. Son of Mr. and Mrs. William Dunham who live north of Rickardsville, the youngster was knocked unconscious when he wa hit by the truck and he never regained consciousness, hospital authorities said. After his death, Coroner Norbert F. Behr was called to take charge of the case. Auto Crash Injuries Fatal to Iowa Man Knoxville, (/P) — William Williams of Knoxville died Thursday of injuries suffered in an automobile accident June 21 on Highway 60 near here. Williams was injured when the automobile driven by his son Marvin, ran into a bridge abutment. The son was bound over to the grand jury a week ago on charges of driving a car while in- intoxicated. He is free on bond. SAME DATE—1947—255 (BUek fl»r means traffic death la DM 24 hour*) Pershing Is Dead at Age of 87 Years Announcement of World War I Leader's Death by President Washington, (/P)—General of the Armies John J. Pershing, com-' mander of World war I's victorious doughboys, died Thursday. He was 87. Death of the aged general, who ;hat a grateful nation could confer, was announced by President Truman through white house aides. The end came quietly early Thursday morning at Walter Reed army hospital where Pershing has lived in recent years. Death was causes by a blood clot which reached his lung. Major General George Beach—the hospital commandant — said the underlying cause was "arteriosclerosis and auricular fibrillation." Nationwide Service President Truman, asserted that the nation "will ever hold him, in grateful remembrance," said he will call for a nationwide memorial observance of Pershing's death. American flags throughout the capital were immediately' dropped to half staff as preparations were made to accord solemn honors to one of the greatest ol America's military heroes. In accord with the general's lonf-time wish, he will be buried in Arlington National military cemetery in the midst of the World war I section where lie so rn'any of his comrade-in-arms. He selected his own graveaite in that section many years ago. Final services will be held in Arlington amphitheater — resting place of the World war I Unknown Soldier—at 2 p. m., (1 p. m., CST) Monday. The president will attend. To Capitol . But before the body is borne across the Potomac to the rolling Virginia hills, it will be taken to the nation's capitol to receive the homage of the American people. Pershing will lie in state there on Sunday and on Monday morning until 12 noon on a catafalque in the rotunda originally built in 1865 for the remains of President Abraham Lincoln and intended also as a final resting place for the body of George Washington. The public will be permitted to pass the bier from 2 p. m. (EST) until 8 p. m., Sunday and from 8 a. m., until 11 a. m., Monday At that hour a formal procession will escort the body through the streets of the capital to the Arlington amphitheater. Dewey Will Establish Campaign Headquarters at Washington, D. C. New York, (JP) —Gov. Thomas E Dewey will establish presidentia campaign in Washington, D. C. probably next week. The republican standard bearer announced this Wednesday nigiv after discussing campaign organization plans with Herbert Brownell, Jr., his campaign manager. Dewey was understood to have warned against any overconfidence in republican ranks. AP Wireohotr GENERAL PERSHING'S LAST PUBLIC APPEARANCE •—Gen. John J. Pershing, who died in Walter Reed hospital in Washington Thursday morning, appears in uniform at the Armistice Day ceremonies in Arlington cemetery, Nov. 11, 1942, his last public appearance. Claims Reds Cannot Hinder Aircraft Without Army Use Dixie Demo Meet Called Southerners to Be in Birmingham Saturday Philadelphia, (£>)—-Gov, Fielding Wright of Mississippi issued a call Thursday for "every man and woman who believe in states- rights and who opposes Harry S. Truman and the things he stands for" to meet in Birmingham on Saturday. Some but not all of the rebel southern democrats—s lapped down on the race issue Wednesday at their party's national convention—packed off for the southern city Thursday, there to name a "grass roots, states rights" candidate for president and write a states' right platform. Wright said the object of the Birmingham meeting is to select a candidate for president—not Harry S. Truman—"so that those who believe in states' rights can vote for him with confidence in November and remain within the democratic party." Southern delegates suffered a resounding defeat here Wednesday when the convention rejected their states' rights plank and then amended the convention platform to stamp full endorsement on Truman's civil rights program. Gov. Ben Laney of Arkansas, who withdrew at the last minute his states' rights presidential candidacy in the democratic convention , s a i d he is undecided whether to attend the Birmingham meeting. Laney in withdrawing said he could not run, if nominated, on the platform approved by the convention here. Berlin, (ff>) —A British airforce spokesman said Thursday the Russians cannot interfere with allied air traffic to western Berlin without resorting to military action. The spokesman, RAF Capt. H. M. Wright, air expert of the British control commission, made the statement to a news conference in commenting upon threats in the Russian-controlled press to interfere with the allied, air corridors Berlin. ' • "' ' •••••"• ••••••' .•• 7 ^ German newspapers said the city government is planning to declare a state of emergency, perhaps during the day. The possibility of a state of emergency being declared came soon after the soviet refusal to relieve the siege of Berlin, now in its 4th week. Rail, road and barge traffic to the west has been halted through, the surrounding Russian zone. Taegliche Rundschau, the official soviet newspaper, printed this threat to the American-British air ferry service: "Obviously the time has come to regulate the problem of air corridors." Asks Special Session Open on July 26 Barkley Gets 2nd Post by Unanimous Vote From Delegates By JACK BELL Philadelphia, (/P)—P r e s i d e nt Truman countered a democratic civil rights split Thursday with a dramatic call for a July 26 special session of congress and a smashing attack on what he termed the "poppycock" of republican promises. Mr. Truman asked for action within 15 days after the lawmakers meet, on anti-inflation and housing legislation. An hour before he took the stage of Philadelphia's Convention hall early Thursday morning to fling a challenge at the republicans to make good on their Wilson Makes Plans Sen. George A. Wilson, vacationing: at Clear Lake, is making plans to attend the special session of congress, called by President Truman for July 26. "I don't feel the session is necessary, but I am to attend if I get a call," said the senator. "And I h o p e the president stays in "Washington during the session and doesn't go off .on one of his so-called non-political trips." EAGLES MEET Davenport, (/P)—The 3 day state convention of the Fraternal Order of Eagles opens here Friday. Devere Watson, Council Bluffs, grand worthy vice president, will speak Saturday. THEY WALKED OUT—Members of the Mississippi walkout delegation gather™under state banners outside Convention hall after bolting the democratic national convention Wednesday night. They, Balked out in protest over the party's adoption of a strong "civil rights" platform plank. Tucker to Reopen Automobile Plant Chicago, (/P) — Preston Tucker announced Thursday that his company's huge automobile plant will be reopened next week. Tucker closed the plant last week, charging that he could not continue operations while the securities and exchange commission was checking his financial records. Tucker announced the reopening after a meeting attended by about 2,000 dealers Wednesday. Tucker said the dealers were solidly behind him and urged him to resume operations, regardless of the SEC investigation. INVENTOR DIES Torauay, Eng., (U.R) — Harry Brearley, 77, discoverer of stainless steel, died Wednesday. During experiments on the erosion in gun barrels Brearley got too much chromium in a test piece of steel, tossed it aside, and noticed later it did not rust. Weather 'Report FORECAST Mason City: Cloudy and cool Thursday night with possible brief showers Thursday evening. Friday partly cloudy and a little warmer. Low Thursday night 60 to 62. High Friday 80. Iowa — Showers and occasional thunderstorms Thursday night and most of Friday. Low Thursday mid 60's. Minnesota: Showers or thunderstorms Thursday night. Somewhat warmer east portion. Friday partly cloudy with a few showers east portion. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum Minimum At 8 a. m. YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum Thursday 81 59 64 85 64 Dewey-\Varren platform pledges, Mr. Truman had been nominated by his party on the 1st ballot. The vote, indicating the wide breach opened in party ranks by the bitter, last-ditch, fight over civil rights was: " President Truman, 947£. Senator Richard Russell of Georgia, 263. Paul V. McNutt, J vote. Not voting:, 23. The convention, after a 38-minute ovation for the president, gave Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky, 70 year old minority leader of the senate, a unanimous vote for vice president. Unanimous, that is, except for a group of Mississippi and Alabama delegates. They had walked out earlier over the racial issue— turning their steps to Birming- Other Special Calls Washington, (/P)—H i s t o r 1 c a I footnote to President Truman's call for a special session of congress: Twq other presidents have called special meetings of congress when it was controlled by the opposition party. Republican President Taft did it in 1911, to consider a reciprocal trade agreement with Canada. Democratic President Wilson did it in 1919 to get some appropriations bills passed. In 1912, Taft was defeated in his bid for re-election. In 1920, the democratic nominee, James Cox, was defeated. ham, Ala., and a Saturday call for a states' rights convention of their own. But Mr. Truman took the bit in his teeth in a fighting acceptance speech. Recommends Action He said he will recommend that the GOP-controlled special session, among other things, act on civil rights legislation. While embattled southern delegations sat silent, the arm-waving chief executive told the delegates: "Everybody knows that I recommended to the congress a civil rights program. I did so because I believe it to be my duty under the constitution. Some Disagree "Some of the members of my own party disagree violently on this matter, but they stand up and do it openly. People can tell where we stand. The republicans all profess to be for these matters, but the 80th congress failed to act. "They had enough men and they had cloture (a rule under which senate debate can be gagged to shut off a filibuster). There were enough people that would vote for cloture." Some southern democrats, over the convention's adoption of a stiffer civil rights plank than its own platform committee had urged, said they believe the republicans will lose no time in putting a civil rights bill before the senate at the special session. MADE AIR ADVISOR Moffett Field, Cal.. (U.R)—James H. (Jimmy) Doolittle, flying hero of 2 wars, was sworn in Wednesday as a new member of the National Advisory Committee on aeronautics, the government's air research arm.

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