Trade statistics encouraging By JOHN CUNNIFF AP Business Writer NEW YORK (AP) _ While the United States turned in a net trade surplus of nearly $93 million in April, it is far too early to say that deficits are behind us. Not with oil prices as they are. No matter how encouraging the country's exports look, some trade analysts look for a net imbalance for the entire year. Blame it not on export weakness, they say, but on import prices, especially for oil. The Morgan Guaranty, which closely follows the situation, foresees a 1974 trade deficit of as much as $5.5 billion, the unhappy consequence of an increase of $16 billion or more in the cost of oil imports. Aside from the problem—and realistically, of course, it cannot be put aside—the U.S. trade position has improved in several categories during the past year, remarkably so in some respects. Many a food buyer won't view the situation with the same joy as might a government bureaucrat, but a good part of the improvement is due to a huge leap in the value of agricultural exports from this, the most highly industrialized nation in the world. In 1972 the United States sent abroad $3 billion more agricultural goods than it imported. In 1973 the comparable figure was $9.4 billion, and in the first quarter of 1974 the agricultural surplus rose to an annual rate of $13 billion. While that first-quarter could very well fall off to a full-year rate roughly the same as last year's, it does indicate the preeminence of the United States as the world's breadbasket, even if some of the increase is due to inflation. Almost every other nation on earth has a greater proportion of its citizens engaged in agriculture, but none can even approach the United States in productive capacity and efficiency. Fortunately for the trade balance, but less happily for the American consumer, food prices are increasingly determined by a world rather than domestic market. If. world demand pushes up prices, Americans must pay too. Another encouraging segment of UK trade figures is finished manufactures, especially of heavy, capital items. In 1972, finished manufactures showed a net trade deficit of $1 billion. In 1973, a $1 billion surplus showed up. Since the third quarter of 1973 the surplus in this area has been growing, and during the first three months of this year was at an annual rate of $6.1 billion. Aided by a dollar devaluation that Morgan Guaranty puts at 19 per cent in about four years, U.S. trade strength actually has improved except for that big but — oil. All by itself oil is tipping the balance of trade, and not nearly so muhi because of its volume as its price. Last month, said Commerce Secretary Frederick Dent, imported oil averaged $9.84 a barrel, versus $2.78 a year ago. *• double discounter Ftrgis falls (Up.) hirml Wed., Hay 29,1974 17 Unleaded gas needs revealed in report WASHINGTON (AP) -Most 1975-model cars will have a special air pollution device, but there may not be enough unleaded gasoline needed for such cars, an internal report by the American Automobile Association says. Unleaded gas will be needed for the 1975 cars, which should begin rolling off assembly lines in less than four months, because of the introduction of the new device—a catalytic converter. If the problem arises, the AAA report says, " then some of the nation's approximately 10 million new car owners will not find unleaded gas when they need itandmusthaveit.lt they turn to leaded fuel, it will slowly destroy their converters and they will be forced to replace them at costs of up to $150." William Herman, AAA's staff expert on environmental affairs legislation, wrote the report. A copy was obtained by The Associated Press. Officials of the Federal Energy Office and the Environmental Protection Agency, which snare responsibility for pollution and fuel regulations, said they did not expect any nonleaded gas supply problems. However, they conceded there could be some problems with To Your Good Health By Dr. George C. Thosteson FEARS MARRIAGE HAS FALLEN APART Dear Dr. Thosteson: My marriage seems to have fallen apart. My husband accuses me of having relations with another man, which is not true. I've never done anything like that but his imagination has him beside himself. He says the children aren't his because his blood is type 0. Mine I do not know. Our daughter is A and son is B. He says this is not possible because his is 0 type. I know they are his but he says he has to have proof and then will beg forgiveness. Please answer with definite statements, no buts or ands, please.- D.H. If you don't want any buts or ands, then why don't you have your blood typed? A child's blood type is not determined by that of one parent; it depends on the types of both parents. Your husband is entirely wrong when he says type A or B in the children is "impossible" because he is type 0. A type 0 parent can have children of either type A or type B if the other parent is type AB. So don't you think you'd better have your own blood typed? If it turns out type AB, then it will be time for your husband to start begging forgiveness. He just doesn't understand how ABO blood tyres behave. Dear Dr. Thosteson: I am 51 and haven't had a menstrual period for a year. Would hormone pills start the menstrual periods again? Basically what are they for? What are the chances of getting pregnant after that length of time? Would I be safe in using foam and is it effective?-M.R.S. After a year without periods, you can forget about pregnancy. Hormone medication may cause some breakthrough bleeding but they will not be true menstrual periods. Such medication is given to combat such menopausal symptoms as hot flashes — your ovaries have ceased producing female hormones and that leads to the hot flashes in some (not all) women So you are given hormones to make up for the hormones no longer being secreted by the ovaries. I see no need whatever for you to use foam contraceptive. Your questions, incidentally, are answered in my booklet, ••Make Menopause Easier," along with some 50 or so other commonly-asked questions on that subject. It might be a good idea for you to send for the booklet. Send 35 cents and a long, stamped, self-addressed envelope to me in care of the Fergus Falls Daily Journal for a copy. Dear Dr. Thosteson: Is there anything you can do to prevent swelling of the eyelids after a bout of crying? After watching a very sad show last night, I cried quite a bit. I was shocked to see what my eyes looked like. Why does this happen?-Mrs. G.M.K. The tissues around the eyes are thin. Put your finger to the area and you can feel the difference. This is the reason for the congestion associated with crying. The resultant fluid accumulation causes a puf- fincss and a discoloration. It is variable with different people and there is really little that can be done. Often, though, cold compresses will help. The only other thing I can suggest is that you watch happier shows. Acne is one of the most terrible problems of growing up. If you are afflicted with this aggravation, of if you have children who are, written to Dr. Thosteson in care of this newspaper for a copy of his helpful booklet, ••Controlling Acne, Blackheads and Pimples." Please enclose a long, self-addressed (use zip code), stamped envelope, and 25c in coin to cover cost of printing and handling. Dr. Thosteson welcomes all reader mail, but regrets that, due to the tremendous volume received daily, he is unable to answer individual letters. Readers' questions are incorporated in his -column whenever possible. distribution, another danger area pointed to in Berman's report. "There is going to be enough gas, we're reasonably sure," said John Harper, a deputy assistant administrator of FEO. "The only question is whether there will be enough stations ready when the unleaded gasoline is needed." Said Charles Freed, chief of the fuels and imports branch of EPA: "Supply and distribution are FEO's area and there are a few problems there, but I'm told it's nothing egregious." Herman said, "We are going to stand by the report." The report said AAA representatives, in extensive contacts with automobile, oil and government officials, found: —While 10 per cent of the driving public would have to use the nonleaded gas, at least 62 per cent of the cars on the road could use it. —Major gasoline marketers were guaranteeing some unleaded gas only to their company-operated stations, leaving independent service station owners without supplies. —EPA formulas designating unleaded gas distribution fall short, particularly in rural areas. —In the end, the gasoline manufacturers may be taking the wrong chemical out of the gasoline. A Chrysler scientist's study shows that it is not lead but ethylene dibromide that poisons the catalytic converters. Further research is under way but, for now, the ethylene dibromide stays and the lead goes. Torturing of children noted NKW YOKK (AP) — Police say four young children were tortured and imprisoned with their mother for months by a man who in one instance put one of the youngsters in a lighted oven. Sotero Vasquez, 33, was arrested Monday. Police quoted the mother, Olga Ramos, 27, as saying her 7-year-old boy made a noise Monday morning that awoke Vasquez who then put'the boy into the lighted oven. She said she came running into the room and pulled the boy out. Vasquez kept the apartment padlocked and the windows nailed shut, but he forgot to fasten the padlock after leaving Monday and Mrs. Ramos escaped and summoned police, authorities said. ATTENTION ELKS Friday, May 31 Special Couples Night Serving Butter Knife Tender Rib Eye W person Tickets now available at club rooms. 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