Gardening requires overcoming competition ByMARYMAGUIRE University rfMlueMU Vegetable gardens will be sprouting in more yards this spring because of increased produce prices indirectly resulting from the energy crisis. Competition to garden vegetables exists in many forms — shade, weeds, insects, diseases, lack of water and nutrients and birds, to name a few. When designing your vegetable garden, plan to eliminate these sources of competition. Selecting a proper site is important. Choose an area having full sunlight and not shaded by nearby trees, fences or buildings. If light conditions are proper, a plot at the side of the yard can provide protection from kite flyers and baseball players. 1-evel land is easier to work on and provides greater yields. Choose your site now and measure off the length and width of the plot. With these figures, calculate your square, footage. Now with the help of a seed catalog, select the crops you will plant. F-l hybrid varieties are genetic improvements and are recommended for many reasons. For example, the VFN (verticillium, fusarium, nematode) label on certain tomato packets indicates they're resistant to verticillium and fusarium wilt and also ncmatodes. Hybrids often provide greater yields, a more compact plant growth and a greater adaptability to climatic conditions. While making your selections, check with the list of ^'Suggested Vegetable Varieties for Minnesota — 1974."This is prepared by Orrin C. Turnquist, horticulture vegetable specialist for the University of Minnesota, and will tell if vour choices are Old-fashioned school endures in Connecticut UNION, Conn. (AP) - The smallest school in Connecticut is a white, wood-framed three- room building—the kind no one builds anymore. The school has 67 pupils and sits in the shade of a pine grove on a knoll near the center of this rural eastern Connecticut community of 46fl people. "We don't have any science laboratories. The kids have a science locker, but they still do experiments," said William Franklin, 53, who doubles as principal and teacher. Franklin, who comes to school as he has since 1966 dressed in sweaters and bow ties, is one of three teachers at Union School. "My philosophy is when a youngster can read he's on his way and, by golly, we're making readers," "Franklin said about his students, who range from the four tots in kindergarten to his six eighth graders. The school operates without fulltime secretaries, clerks or special teaching consultants. The latter, Franklin simply doesn't believe in. "Go back 20 years when we taught the child the best we could We had to find out the problem and take care of it ourselves... not pass it off," he said. Three eighth grade girls are chosen each year as a school honor to be Franklin's secretaries and business managers. last year, the town appropriated $108,700 of its $177,306 budget for education. In the classroom Franklin sits at the end of a long table with the 23 students he calls "my kids" in grades six through eight. "It's pretty easy when you think about it," he says to a group of seventh graders working on parallelograms and prisms, and then switches to another group to review- English grammar. The residents of Union are not eager to advertise their smallness. They fear that more people, longing for the closeness of days gone by, might change things — like their three-room school. recommended. After this, your seasonal planting schedule should be made. A table in Extension Folder 164, "Getting Started with Your Vegetable Garden," provides specific information on every vegetable. Dates for starting seed indoors and planting outdoors, together with planting distances between plants and rows, are listed in that publication. Planning taxes many hours and should be conpleted before gardening activities begin. Many seeds should be started indoors as early as March 1. If this is your first garden, you must dig and remove existing turf. Don't bury the sod in your garden. Instead, remove the clinging dirt from the roots and toss the sod into your compost pile. Next, you should improve the condition and fertility of your soil. A soil test at this time will provide information on the acidity of alkalinity of your soil and its texture and nutrient level. A soil test is available through the University of Minnesota's Department of Soil Science. This test costs $3. If you don't use a soil test, apply three to four bushels of compost or well-composted manure per 100 square feet. This provides organic matter to improve soil texture. Peat moss at five to six bushels per 100 square feet is equally effective. In addition, a commercial fertilizer — such as 10-10-10 — supplies readily available nutrients to youi early or cool season crops. It should be applied at the rate ol three pounds per 100 square feet. In the spring, plow or spade these materials into the soil as soon as it is workable. Before planting, apply a soil insecticide to fight white grubs and root maggots. Otherwise, your radishes, onions and turnips will be worm-infested later. Apply one pound of the 10 per cent granular form of Chlordane per 1,000 square feet and work it into the upper four to six inches of the soil. If this is not the year your turf has been removed, instead ol the Chlordane, sprinkle one ounce of Diazinon in each IOC feet of seed furrow. Then place the seed or transplant into the treated furrow and cover with soil. Weed and moisture levels can be controlled by mulches. A black plastic mulch placed around the seed plantings oi vine crops — such as cucumbers, squashes, and melons — aids in their germination by increasing soil temperature (the black plastic absorbs the sunlight). At the same time, moisture is held beneath the plastic, and weeds are prevented from growing without light. Other mulches such as two- to three-inch layers of grass clippings, straw or corn cobs between rows Transaction is approved ON THE PHOUSE ByANDYLANG AP Newsfeatures The other day I was literally stirring things up in our garden when 1 got to thinking about the myriad of tools on the market that have taken much of the work out of making the house and grounds more presentable. Power tools of one sort and another are available for doing almost everything on the property. So-called outside work includes the squeezing of triggers, the punching of buttons, the turning of keys and the pulling of cords. Sounds of mechanical gadgets echo through every suburban village and town on weekends. • Everybody can tell by the type of noise a neighbor is making exactly what kind of work he is doing. The guy or gal who is clipping hedges with a conventional shears or edging a lawn with a nonelectric machine may not be making any power sounds but, unless he is visible, he is enjoying a kind of privacy about his activities. Lawn mowers are powered with gasoline or electricity, have reels or rotary blades, are propelled or nonpropelled, catch grass or deposit it and cut an 18-inch or 24-inch swath. And for those who either don't like to or have forgotten how to walk and have a lot large enough to justify their purchase, riding mowers come in various sizes, horsepower, designs and colors. I saw one recently with headlights (who cuts grass at night?), a cigarette lighter, an ash tray and a glove compartment. What, no refreshment bar? You can cut hedges and shrubs with single or double bladers, battery-operated or electrically motivated. There are edgers and trimmers and edger-trimmer combinations; grass shears with power that need only be guided; and even electric tools that cultivate and pulverize the soil. One day 1 actually saw a man go out into his backyard with no more tools than a spade, a hoe and a rake. If his neighbors had known about it, he would have been thrown out of the work- arpund-the-property-without- using-any-elbow-grease club. How long will it be before each family has an electric robot that can be programmed to mow the lawn, bag the leaves, cut the hedges, prune the shrubs, water the flowers, trim the branches and paint the patio furniture? I have to stop now. There's some wood that has to be cut—if I can find the extension cord. MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — An agreement in principle has been reached in which two Midwest firms will acquire a controlling interest in Brooks Industries, Inc., the California- based operator of Peck & Peck and House of Nine women's specialty shops. Salkin & Linoff, Inc., Minneapolis, and Nelly Don, Inc., of Minneapolis and Kansas City, announced Tuesday that together they will own two- thirds of the outstanding common stock of Brooks when the agreement is closed. Salkin & Linoff operates about 175 specialty shops and junior department stores in 25 states. Nelly Don has 43 outlets in the Midwest. As a result of the transaction, which involves both cash and long term insurance company financing, the two Midwest firms will receive shares of authorized but unissued common stock of Brooks. Brooks and its subsidiaries will receive a cash infusion of up to $3 million. The funds will be used by Brooks to discharge short-term indebtedness and to provide its operating subsidiaries with sufficient cash to be current with vendors, to build inventories and to refurbish existing stores, company officials said. The agreement is subject to approval by the boards of directors of both Salkin & Linoff and Nelly Don, and to final insurance company approval of Brooks' collateral for $1 million of the funds involved. maintain moisture levels, eliminate weeds and prevent root damage of many crops since cultivation isn't needed without weeds. Another form of weed control uses the herbicide Dacthal which prevents germination of weed seeds. Dacthal may be applied to weed - free soil at the time of seeding or transplanting 4 of cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, brussel sprouts, kale, turnips, potatoes, onions, garlic and snap beans (not lima beans). It should be applied four to six weeks after seeding or transplanting cucumbers, squash, melons and tomatoes. For leaf lettuce, only one application can be made (not later than three weeks after emergence). For head lettuce, apply only once one to six weeks after planting. Provide protection from a late spring frost by covering the plot with a thick mulch of hay or straw. If the expected temperature drop is only a few degrees Mow freezing, consider this easier approach: When water changes from a liquid to ice, it releases heat. So turn your garden sprinkler on when you hear of approaching frost and ilirect the finest spray to cover your entire plot. Keep the sprayer pumping until the following day when normal temperatures melt the ice deposited on the foliage. Never [urn your sprinkler off until the ice has completely melted. With this procedure, apples that accumulated several inches of ice have survived a frost with no apparent damage. Free publications — such as Extension Folders 164, "Getting Started with Your Vegetable Garden," 167 •'Summer Care of Vegetable Gardens," 172 "Harvesting and Storing Garden Vegetables" — are available from your county extension agent or by writing to the Bulletin Room, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 50101. Fact sheets are also helpful. These include Entomology 11, "Controlling Insects in the Home Vegetable Garden" and Plant Pathology 9, "Controlling Diseases in the Home Vegetable Garden." A copy of "Suggested Vegetable Varieties for Minnesota -1974" is also available, WEBSTER'S ADDS MODERN ENTRIES SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (AP) — Did you know that "Ms." is now in Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary? "Used instead of Miss or Mrs. (as when the marital status of a woman is unknown)" is how the Collegiate treats "Ms." The acceptable pronunciation is listed as "miz." "Icekhana," "warning track" and "Juke are new Fergus Falls (Mi.) Jpirial d., May 29, 1974 dictionary entries from what field? If you said "sports," go the head of the class. "Icekhana" is from auto racing; "warning track" from baseball; and "Juke" from football. They're among hundreds of new sports words now in the dictionary. 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