Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on November 30, 1955 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Wednesday, November 30, 1955
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Veto Threat Irks U. Si The Weather Fair, cold tonight, snow flurries likely. Low 8-16. Fair, continued cold tomorrow. High,. 30; low, 23; noon, 28. River, 3.12 feet. Relative humidity, 60 per cent.' FINAL VOL. LXXXVI.—NO. 329 Aaociated frets Senr/'ct— AP Wirtphoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1955 /nfernai/onol News Strrict 22 Pagei 6 CENTS Entry Issue Stand Stirs West Anger Eisenhower Appeal Ignored By Chinese Nationalist Leader By TOM HOGE UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. Nationalist China's threat to veto Outer Mongolia's application' for II. N. 'membership—a move tha could kill present chances. of 17 other applicant nations—arousec growing resentment.jn U. N. circles today. There was speculation Formosa's own foothold in the international - organization - might be loosened as a result. though Russia promised' 13 vetos—of all non-Communist" applicants — unless i Outer Mongolia and the other four Red candidates made the grade, the Chinese and not the Soviets were the villains to most sources who would comment. Might Need Friends Later Angry diplomats predicted that the Nationalists' decision, reportedly made despite two appeals from President Eisenhower, would cost the Formosa government many friends .it might need when the perennial 'question of .seating Red China comes up in the next Assembly. One delegate said if .the Nationalist Chinese • wanted - to commit suicide in the U. N., they were going about it in the right way. Sources close to Chiang Kai, shek's representatives said they •''skec? a storm' in the U. N. they felt they had to oppose Outer Mongolia .as... a Red satellite and a'companion of Peiping. The disputed state, on- .the borders r of Soviet Asia and Red China, was ruled loosely by China from 1691 to 1911. '•'• The U. S. delegation, one of the Nationalists' staunchest supporters here, voiced open concern over the Chiang government's decision; Diplomats pointed out that the Nationalist announcement virtually doomed any chance the United States had of bargaining with the Russians to get the non-Communists in. Seek To Break Deadlock U. S. Chief Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. has been conferring with Russia and the other big powers in an effort to -break the Urges MI. S. Aid to Schools ; Go.v. G.-.Mennen Williams of Michigan,'a delegate to the White House Conference on Education in Washington, criticized the administration program and proposed,a five-year $16,640,000;000 plan for federal aid. '. '''..,. ;. ''(AP Pfiotofax) Group Asks U.S. Shun Local School Affairs '•-. • •-.- . •."" : - :;•:::'.,.>•>,:,'•- </ i/rX.u.:.',V~- ; : WASHINGTON (1ft— A subcommittee report to the White House education conference today called on the 'federal government to' keep membership deadlock. Differences Cation." finally narrowed down to Outer Mongolia, which the United States opposed but. agreed not to veto. " The membership question is slated to come up in the -Assembly's Special Political Committee late this week. . Besides Outer Mongolia, Russia is pushing' the applications 'of Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania. The 13 non-Communist entries are Finland, Portugal, Ireland, Jordan, Austria, Ceylon, Nepal, Libya, Cambodia, Laos, Spain, Italy and Japan. Fireman Proves Display Is Hazard But Blaze Costly . NEW YORK (#1 — The Fire Department has convincing evidence that a Times Square tavern's Christmas window display was a fire hazard;. In what Chief Fire Marshal Martin Scott later called a "usual inspection, routine," Fireman Henry Gartland knotted pieces of the display material yesterday and touched them with a lighted match. 'He then snuffed out the test blaze — he thought — and turned to leave the building. Behind his back the whole display/window suddenly burst into flame. Befpre firemen could bring the flame's under control the fire had gutted the Silver Dollar Bar and Grill, causing damage.-estimated by the owners at $20,000'. • ' ••_ ts fingers-but of local..school'affairs.. Discussing the role of the U.S. Office of Education, the report said: 'The contact. of the federal government should be confined to state level contacts arid not- made directly .with local school boards.' The report, prese'nted to a gen- :ral session of the conference by James D. King of Brownwood Tex., represented the consensus of the nearly 2,000 conference participants. It came up through a series of roundtable discussions: The report said that "consider; ation should be giv.en to the strengthening of the position of the Office of Education in keeping with the importance of education to the It said'the office should be "adequately staffed to perform. the functions it is now performing in making reports on the progress, of education throughout .the nation, in carrying on essential research a c'li v i'ti e s and for providing promptly needed statistical information." Previously the x delegates had agreed "'that the nation's schools "are doing the best job in their history" in teaching the three R.'s but that improvement still is "desirable and .necessary."A number of the 1,800 participating delegates—some others are sitting in only as observers — (Continued on Page 2, Col. 5) Peron's Party Is Dissolved .BUENOS AIRES (tfi-The.govern- ment ^today issued a decree restoring the newspaper La Prensa .to the Paz family. At the same time it ordered •dissolution of the Per- onista party. ' ' . . : The decree of provisional President Pedro Aramburu spelled a finish to the totalitarian political machine which Juan D. Peron organized "six years ago to smother :he' opposition and .tighten . : his reign.; : ',"''.''-'..-.' ':•. . ..' • '. '--••'::. Expropriation of La Prehsa in 1951 was one:of the steps Perdh took to clamp his control on the nation. - ••" :. v . ."...'.• Soviet Claim Seen Drawing ."'•.••'•'' ••'•:.• : ••'•.:'' '.-.'.":' : i.-:.-.' •'•::' : ' i ' i: -:..'••"..,•' .'.••-•i'-,-.'':. 1 ''-'*^.- Anotliei* Protest From IJ; S. WASHINGTON WV-The United States is expected to protest sharply against Russia's claim it has turned over control of East Berlin to the East German Communist regime. Top officials foresee, however, a steadily increasing number of harassing moves-by the East German Communists in the forthcoming .months-which could tie up Western traffic to Berlin. Despite Russia's- claim that the East German government has full • authority, the State Department is tepor'ed prepared to reaffirm its view that Russia remains respon- libte tat four-power control of its sector, of the former German capital. .,'-.. "'.-.'•'•'' : '..-"' .' This potentially explosive East- West argument, broke out again yesterday when the Soviet • commander in East Berlin rejected an American military protest over an incident involving the brief detention of two American congressmen. ..' .';,.. .... . .'..•.;.••• v Representatives Bo 1'aih"d <D- Mass) and Ostertag (R-NY), along with Mrs. Ostertag and a military escort, were detained by East Ger man police for a time Sunday. The Communists contended tnat East German laws were violated by their travel in a U.S. Army staff car equipped with radio telephone. Auto Dealers Hit Pressure FromDetroit WASHINGTON. «T— Spokesmen for the nation's 40,000 retail car dealers,, complaining of "pressures," today renewed their plea for a freer hand in dealing with auto manufacturers. A score of dealers, members of the National Automobile Dealers Assn. (NADA),, were invited to return for further testimony ^before a Senate Antitrust- and -Monopoly subcommittee.' Frederick J.-.Beu? NADA 'president, contended yesterday that what he called ( "one-sided" contracts, deny dealers rights .as "independent businessmen, 1 ' and give the Detroit auto executives virtual control 'over the investment of every dealer. The subcommittee is engaged in what Sen. O'Mahoney (D-Wyo) terms a study of the economic influence that huge General Motors Corp. exercises in the auto industry. Bell said the manufacturers, in rebuffing suggestions by the,deal: ers for "correction of unfair:. ; . practices," have subjected them to; 'facctory pressure, threats and co- ! Soviet Union Expedition Departs For Antarctic - LONDON tfi—The Moscow radio said a Soviet scientific expedition left today for the antarctic: The expedition will take part in an in- ;ernational'exploration of the ant- arctic continent in connection with he forthcoming International Geophysical Year. . , JetFighter Hits Houses At A. F. Base At Least 13 Killed When Plane Plows Into Alaskan Homes FAIRBANKS, Alaska ifi — A jet fighter .plane which roared "out 01 control on a takeoff, movved a fire- strewn path through six big Eielson Air Force Base housing units yesterday and killed at least 13 persons. . Two more persons were believed among the mostly civilian dead Year-old triplets, whose parents and two brothers were spared, were listed as missing; The death toll announced by Ma'j. John'Orr,.. base public information officer, included the pilot. Six of eight persons treated after the crash and fire suffered critical injuries.. Possibly a score of firemen and volunteers suffered from frostbite in the 16-below- zero weather. Plows Into. Housing Area Roaring along a few feet above the g r o u n d at an estimated 150 miles an hour, the F84 piloted by 1st Lt. Alfred F. Pounders, 28, of Monticello, Miss., veered at almost a 90-degree angle. as it left the runway, witnesses said. It soared over installations of :he base for about a quarter mile, ;hen plowed into the housing area; Rudy Hamner, an electrical engineer employed at the air base, saw ;he plane thundering toward the six 8-unit apartment houses. 'The plane bounced on one milding, th.r owing it all into lames," Hamner recounted. 'Then it bounced-on another build- ng and. a wing flew : off. Then it ripped down a high-tension power inc. From there it smashed right hrough an apartment house and scattered everywhere, crashing into a parking^ lot and wrecking Debris from, the smashed build- !ngs covered the whole two-block area in which they stood. Confu- ;ion was compounded as residents and volunteers ran about attempt- ng to salvage articles from the )uildings. . An explosion after the crash lifted Herb Porter right out a window to safety. The Eielson Air Force Base carpenter was working alone in apartment G of Building 725 when the crash occurred. Heard Plane Coming Porter said he heard the plane coming "and the whole building was vibrating." The next thing he knew, a-sheet if flame broke- the wall ? in the ;econd floor apartment in which he was working. "It was suicide to go down the ;tairs," he said, so he ran to the Vindow and opened it. As fie was ricking out the window sash, l \an explosion blew him out the window o the ground below. Porter, said when he. -cached the window; all he could see was flames through the courtyard and eople being killed. Four died in he next door apartment. He was uninjured except for numerous bruises. itetnetnber* Tomorrow 1$ . Los Angeles youngsters demonstrate the consequences of carelessness-in this reminder that'tomorrow has been designated by President Eisenhower as Safe Driving Day, to reduce, accidents. The "drivers," all five, are Robbie Roberts, Danny Watson and Ronnie Spencer. : (AP Photofax) federal Payroll Shows Decrease Nehru Claims Russian Visit Shows NoLink Indian Leader Says" • ; Nation Will Not Be Tied With Red Bloc CALCUTTA, India tfl —With the Soviet' Union's two top leaders istenirig, Prime Minister Nellru said today the world need not fear hat his Russian guests wilbdraw India into the Communist bloc. He told an enormous crowd, here o welcome Soviet Premier Bul- ;anin and Communist party Secretary. Nikita Khrushchev, that India is sticking.to its "basic pol- cy" of not. joining any "camp or alliance." Then in an apparent reference to he blasts against the West by Khrushchev and Bulganin in previous speeches in India, Nehru declared: "We try to be friendly with all countries whether we agree with hem, or not. That us the reason why we refrain from . criticizing ither countries, even when we disagree Tvith their • policies, unless circumstances compel us to explain our-viewpoint." "Millions of wildly enthusiastic Indians, packed Calcutta's streets and parks to greet the two Kremlin chiefs. The turnout was believed the greatest in India since the funeral of the late Mohandas K. Gandhi. Nehru in his speech conceded that "the great welcome our guests have had in India has alarmed some of our friends in other countries, who can not" help thinking in terms of rival camps and military alliances." Gunmen Get §35,033 Traffic Deaths Up 7 Per Cent CHICAGO (Ji Nearly 31,000 Americans, were • killed on ;• highways ^urttie: first -10 months .of: this year—a 7 per cent increase over the same periodTin :1954. The National Safety Counci hopes the high traffic death toll will, drive home to all motorists the necessity of driving carefully tomorrow, Safe Driving Day, and every day. Solon Doubts Dulles Appeal To Be Heeded WASHINGTON HV-Sen. George (D-Ga) said today he doubts any effective agreement can be made between Republicans and Democrats to. block off 1956 campaign discussion of critical foreign policy issues. "I don't think you can keep- people from talking," he said. "You can't keep any candidate from expressing his opinion. I doubt that it would be practical to try to declare any phase of foreign policy off bounds in the campaign." Secretary of State Dulles told a news conference yesterday he does not exclude the possibility of a later agreement between the two major parties — similar to informal understandings he said had worked very well in 1944 and 1948 — to keep out of the campaign vital issues bearing on security. WASHINGTON ffl _ Sen. Byrd In New York Holdup D-Va) said . today government gencies reduced civilian employment by 863 in October of this •ear compared with September. Byrd said the total civilian em- loyment was 2,365,206 according o reports supplied the Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessen- ial Federal Expenditures, of which he is. chairman. It was the second net monthly ecrease since January 1955. The ther was 18,974 in September. BRENTWOOD, N; Y. —(INS) — Police hunted today for two bank robbers armed with a sub-machine gun and revolver who raided the Brentwood branch of the State Bank' 'of Suffolk County for a $35,033 haul. The robbers escaped a shooting match with police by no more than 15 seconds when a state policeman responded to an alarm turned in by a bank teller. Physicians Find Eisenhower Free Of Any Sjmp«om S ; Bl|ffalo Blizzar( , Cold Snap Due To Hang On In Eastern Areas West States Slated For Some Relief As South Again Shivers •By.The Associated .Press . Stormy weather .which .struck sections of the Midwest and North east appeared fading today bul there was no immediate relie; From the unseasonable cold over the central and eastern parts 01 Lhe nation. , The arctic air centered in the Dakotas and Nebraska,' where temperatures were generally below zero. But it was freezing and jelow in wide areas south and eastward to the Eastern Seaboard. The storm was centered in the SL Lawrence Gulf'during the nighi and continued moving northeastward. The freezing line extended southward to the Gulf Coast of Alabama, northern Florida and northern Texas. Record low temperatures for-the date were reported in many parts -of the cold bell yesterday and similar reports were expected today. Snow and wind storms which raked the Great Lakes region were blamed for at least eight deaths, including five in the Buffalo, N.Y., area and three in Michigan. Snowfall in the Buffalo district measured 16 inches, the same amount reported around Ironwood. Mich. Light snow continued to fall during the night and early morning in the Great Lakes region, the upper Qhio Valley and the northern Appalachians. GETTYSBURG, Pa. Ml — Presi-' dent Eisenhower's physicians resorted after an examination today :hat he is "free of symptoms" and . convalescence "continues to be satisfactory without complications." Col. Thomas W. Mattingly, heart specialist of Walter , Reed Army rlospital, Washington, joined Maj. Gen. Howard M. Snyder, the Pres- dent's personal physician, in a medical bulletin which made clear Sisenhower's activities still . are >eing restricted even as they are progressively increased. Virginians Tackle Race Problem ; • * * * '•'.'••' *•*.*.''- *•**••* ' . * *•'.*•• '• Legislature Catted Into Session To Change Constitution Fiv*> T i x .i»t, j_jj.» BUFFALO, N. Y. Wv-This snowbound city was in a state of emergency today as work crews struggled- to open the streets after a record-setting November blizzard that took five lives. Mayor;Steven Pankow declared a state of emergency last night and saiti he might have to call for help from the National Guard to push'stalled automobiles from the streets. .•: . Cabinet Due To Act After Vote Defeat : Assembly Could Be Dissolved By Clause Never Applied* Before By HARVEY HUDSON' '. PARIS «V-The''French .Cabinet meets today to decide whether to dissolve the National:Assembly in a rare maneuver which would give Premier Edgar Faure' the early elections Parliament denied hirii. Holding a ; confidence vote on -a procedural question .but actually moving to stave oft. the early/parliamentary balloting, the Assembly gave the ax to^the government last night 31S-28K '. But by: their whopping majority against Faure, the overenthusiastic deputies made it possible for the Cabinet to boot them out of office under a con-- stitutional clause never applicable before. . . . . Mendes-France Was Ousted Article 51, of the 1946 constitution says that when two Cabinets have been thrown , out ,within 18 months by "constitutional, major,- ities"—more than half the Ass,erii- bly's 625 members—the. Cabinet can dissolve the Assembly. Pierre Mendes-France was ousted from the prerriiephip by a 319-273 vote Feb. 5, less than '10 months ago. If the Cabinet decides .to merely- hand in its own resignation, .this would set in motio'n the familiar routine of French politics—presidential consultations, with party leaders, choice of a prospective premier, weeks of dickering to line up Assembly support and eventually announcement of a new Cabinet. Either ;way^ Faure and his,Cabinet will. continue in office;' in a caretaker status. ,,.;=:. Weighing against Assembly dissolution was the constitutional requirement that new ejections be held within 20 to 30 days. That would put the balloting around 'hristmas, a time certain to be unpopular with the voters. Normally Held In June Assembly elections normally would be held next June, but Faure wanted to advance them to early December. Mendes-France, fighting for time to drum up sup- xirt for a comeback attempt, led :he move which thwarted the Premier. There had been talk of an early spring vote as a compromise. The angriest,.voice heard in opposition to the dissolution move f?as that of former Premier Mendes-France, like Faure a Radical-Socialist (Moderate), once his chief supporter but now his bitter rival. In the newspaper L'Express, organ of his political movement, a bellicose .editorial over Mendes- Trance's name declared Faure's entative move to dissolve the assembly as "an affront to the country" and a "bold stroke of force against two assemblies." • The former premier, who 'hopes .0 return to power with-strong eft-of-center backing after the regularly scheduled June, 1956, election, said Faure's action was a 'challenge to republican prin- Quadruplets Born To Farm Woman, Tivo Of Them Die ALMA, Ga. l?v—Two of quadrup- ets born yesterday to a 34-year- ild farm wife died today after an all-night battle to save them. Mrs. Dorothy Morris, admin- stratorjjf the Bacon County Hos- jital, announced that the last two )orn of the four babies died at a.m. . The others, she reported, were in fair condition. Word of the deaths was withheld temporarily from the mother, Mrs. E. E. Nelson, and her 36-year-old husband, a farmer and sawmiller. Widow Claims Body Of Man '••••I ••'-•- •."•'"• • ,'. ".'',- . ,.. ". V •• • ' •'''-. •» •• Who Helped Develop A-Bomb RICHMOND, Va. W-The Virginia Legislature meets in- special session today to consider the school segregation problem, the biggest ssue to face ; |he, mother of states n more than half a .'century. ' Tlie 140 lawmakers were »um- -iioned into session by Gov. Thomas B. Stanley in an effort to preserve the traditional Southern way of separate school facilities for Negro and white pupils. The legislators will be asked to t in motion th« machinery lor amending the state constitution to permit subsidization of private schools. Virginia is one of seven Southern states that have defied the Supreme Court and ligr.ifitd a desire to find a means of getting around the ..May 1954 ruling abolishing segregation in the public schools. The other states are Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, South Carolina and North Carolina. In Georgia and Mississippi constitutional amendments have been approved that open the door to pooible abolition of public school). But among Virginia legislators 1 there seemed to be a strong undercurrent of feeling for preserving the public school system regardless of the evcntuai legal outcome of "assign" pupils to schools for reasons other than race—health and aptitude, for example. Should this not work out or the attempt to get around the should there be integration uv some court's decision. ' 'sectors, a parent might receive a Under a plan recommended by (tuition grant from the state to send a legislative study commission, local authorities would be given wide discretion in handling the school problem. ! The plan would peirmit Integra; (ion if the localities so wished. But areas that wanted to keep sepa- his child to a private school. But before this could be done, the state constitution must be amended to permit such siibsidi- NEW YORK Lft-The widow of a scientist who helped develop the first atomic bomb says she has arranged to have him buried in Rochester, N.Y., thereby_ saying him from a, potter's . field burial herel '. "' '" ,:•:•"• "- •- *'. .-<• ' ! ; : ":-?s' : Mrs. Lconie M. Charles, who been estranged from her husband, told of the Rochester burial arrangement last night. . . City officials had said earlier that she told them she had "no funds" and wanted him to have a city burial. called to set up a statewide referendum on holding... a convention to rate facilities would be allowed to do the amending. zalion. Today's special session was • The husband, Donald Randolph Charles, 46, was found dead in a note! room Saturday, apparently a suicide; Found in th« room was a \ . I note reading: "No job, no home} no property, no kin." , ' ^ Mrs. Charles, who lives at Woods Hole. Mass., and came here to identify the body, said she and her husband.^separated '. last summer arid-she T ifaa>not seen him since; Charles, a Phi Beta Kappa student and a doctor of philosophy in 'zoology, was among scientists sent to Japan after the war to study effects of the atomic bomb on -survivors. , He had worked on the famed Manhattan Project, which developed the bomb, from 1M3 to 1943. From 1948 to 1954 he headed the' biology department of the Univer*- ily of Rochester :i

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