WlijJournal OPINION PAGE WEDNESDAY, MAY 29, 1974 Editorials xrittM by Jam« Gray ind ClorlM Undtrwoxl Editorial Hard to place a price on liberties When a House committee of the first Congress of the United States was considering a Bill of Rights to satisfy the people that their liberties would be protected under their new government, one member proposed that the right of peaceable assembly be omitted. His argument was that it was implied anyway, in the right of free speech. Led by James Madison, the committee insisted that the right of peaceable assembly be specifically included in the First Amendment, and it was. For the members of that first Congress knew something of history. No one needed to remind them of the celebrated case of William Penn who, in 1670, had been seized and brought before a judge, charged with disturbing the peace by preaching a sermon on a London Street. Thus, there was some irony when, more than 300 years later, on Oct. 20,1972, in Philadelphia, the city that William Penn had founded, the police seized nearly 40 persons to prevent them from peaceably assembling when President Nixon came to town. And the irony was, of course, compounded by the fact that these citizens had sought to make their protest in the very shadow of Independence Hall, where the Constitution of the United States had been signed. The money price of those illegal mass arrests has now been determined. The city of Philadelphia has agreed to pay $45,300 in civil damages to the citizens whose constitutional rights were violated by a police department which, on that day, had even flouted a Federal judge's restraining order. Naturally the monetary price is of negligible importance. But the award does recognize a wrongdoing. The price would be impossible to calculate if rights of citizens could be taken away without any chance of recourse. The really vital thing is to keep our liberties intact. "Strictly Personali More subpoena plans expected from panel PILLAR* OF (50VERNMENT Intervenor ' ; action urged Letters to the Editor by Spannaus East corrupted by the British By Sydney H. Harris My column a few weeks ago about racial stereotypes re'minded me,of the luridly distorted view' I had of the Chinese when I was a boy and devouring all those Sax Rohmer books about "the insidious Dr. Fu Manchu." Dr. Fu was a Master Criminal, with a vast network extending into every Chinatown in the world. Ilis speciality, of course, was "opium dens." And to my febrile adolescent mind every harmless Chinese laundry or carry-out chop suey joint contained in the rear a trap-door leading to an opium den or a delivery depot for "White Slavery." It was not until many years later, when I began to study history in a serious way, that I learned about the "Opium Wars" that took place in the 1840s—and how the Chinese got their unsavory reputation for dealing in this drug and its deadly derivatives. Actually, it was the British— and this is perhaps the darkest blot on their imperial escutcheon—who were responsible for importing the opium habit into China, near the middle of the last century. Far from those sinsiter. slant-eyed, inscrutable Orientals depraving the West, it was those upright, blue-eyed and infinitely greedy Anglo- Saxons who corrupted'the East. In the 1800s, the rulers of China had imposed restrictions on foreign trade, and were especially severe in prohibiting the importation of opium from India and other places in the Far East. Indeed, opium belonging to British merchants was destroyed in the harbor of Canton. The British East India Company—which was controlled jointly by private capitalists and Parliament- seized on this action as an excuse to attack several coastal cities in China. Revenues were falling, and the East India Company sought in the distribution o! opium to open a whole new lucrative field of profit for British' entrepreneurs. lacking modern arms, the Chinese Imperial government had no chance; within two years China capitulated, and five ports were opened to British trade and residence; Hong Kong was ceded to the British, and the Chinese people were saturated with cheap and abundant supplies of opium, which enslaved the natives and enriched the foreign exploiters. A dozen years later China ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) Atty. Gen. Warren Spannaus has asked the state Public Service Commission for permission to intervene in hearings on a rate increase requested by Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. Spannaus intervened in a similar hearing two years ago and eventually appealed the PSC decision to the Minnesota Supreme Court, winning a reduction of about $1 million. The company is asking for interim rates that would cost Minnesota phone users an additional $28.7 million a year, plus later adjustments boosting the rates by $56.7 million a year. The PSC is expected to routinely grant the attorney general's request to intervene. The General Services Administration (GSA) of the federal government also has intervened, along with Independent Telephone Equipment Suppliers of Minnesota. Formal intervenors have the right to question witnesses at the hearings. The first three days of hearings will involve presentation of Funding is needed for Bicentennial A uozen vears later China . t" •-•«•"""""'<« tried to throw off the voke, and """P 3 "? «« tu ™ n y. s P?">ng a second Ooium War * n ««><\ ou " s Justification for higher a second Opium War ensued. This time, with the help of the gallant French, the British captured Tientsin and Peking, burning the imperial summer palace, and opened new "treaty ports" throughout China for their pernicious trade in human suffering and death. Somehow, Sax Rohmer had failed to tell me any of this; I wonder if it was because he was an Englishman whose real name was Arthur F. Ward? rates. The testimony already is on file with the PSC, meaning attorneys and witnesses will spend the three days reading it into the record. The PSC will hold an evening hearing next Tuesday, designed for public participation in the rate case. The hearings are expected to run for several months. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. P^l^fCO, KW9US Jcwr-al Cc a'9UE Cnann.nj Ffra^Fa,,. "'' De. vereccv 6 rros W 50 tr.r!«J n'l- 5 r fr. SI VjKr r-o 5. ~3 I r aj.-a-xe IS U »5 O'lf- stales lir.SHXtr VEU8ER 0^ T HE "SSOOiTitl ... -r ei0 'd ' CS.S!JOO ) ,r S'S.Y *-cs sr 00 To the Editor: I want to take this opportunity to congratulate you on your forthright editorial of May 4, criticizing the lack of progress being made by the national Bicentennial Commission. The problem, however, goes beyond merely the lack of a national program. Most states, Minnesota among .them, have now taker it upon themselves to try to develop their own Bicentennial programs. That effort by the states to provide the meaningful observance which this nation deserves is itself in trouble because of apparent lack of interest at the national level. With the scrapping of the Bicentennial Parks program which you mentioned, the federal Bicentennial Commission has given no further indication of any plans to make substantial funding available to the states. They appear instead to have adopted a "let's hurry up and get it over with," attitude, funnelling just enough federal dollars to the states to avoid a massive public outcry. I am particularly critical of the fact that the current budget allots some $10'^ million in administrative funds to the federal Commission and only Sll million in matching grant funds to all of the states, territories, possessions, and the District of Columbia, combined. Minnesota's share of that is $200,000 which does not go very far when distributed statewide. In addition, the President's Office of Management and Budget eliminated an additional $9 million which Congress had authorized which would have been available to the states on a discretionary basis. The operating grant for state Commissions has also been cut, from £45,000 to $25,000 at a time when it is needed most. We are hoping that this decline is not irreversible and that a meaningful Bicentenial can yet come about. With this hope in mind, our efforts in Minnesota have been toward involving as many com- Drowning reported 'Seventy-five years ago — 1899 House numbering required (from the Daily Journal for June 5-10,1899) BIG FALLS, Minn. (AP) Koochiching County sheriffs deputies resumed dragging operations today on the Big Fork River in an effort to recover the body of a 7-year-old Big Falls boy who drowned about noon Tuesday. The victim was identified as Robert J. Reese, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ijrry Reese. Authorities said the boy and his older brother were walking on rocks in the river when Robert slipped ami fell into the water. His brother tried unsuccess- fullyscveral limes to grab Robert's hand, said deputies. The ordinance requiring the numbering of houses throughout the city was given its final reading at the council meeting Monday evening and passed by a unanimous vote. Each and every building must place a number in plain sight at least three inches high within 30 days after publication of the ordinance. The north and south dividing line for numbering will be Lincoln Avenue and the east and west dividing line will be Mill Street. Numbering will commence with 101 and even numbers will be on the right hand side when proceeding from the initial point. Property owners who refuse or neglect to put up numbers will be subject to a fine of up to ten dollars. HOSPITAL GRADUATES NURSES Fourteen young men and women were graduated from the hospital training school for nurses in the fourth annual commencement in the auditorium of the insane hospital Tuesday. Dancing followed the program featuring an address by J.F. Jackson, secretary of the state board of charities and corrections GRADUATION AT PARK REGION An audience filled the Synodical Lutheran Church Friday for the commencement of Park Region Luther College graduates. The Rev. Peer 0. Stromme delivered the address. Diplomas were presented to 19 students SCHUMANN CLUB HOLDS RECITAL The annual recital of the Schumann Club occurred at the home of the Misses Angus Thursday. About 80 guests of the club were present and a program of exceptional merit was rendered. Numbers were presented by club members except for violin solos by Anton Anderson. JHG tnunities as possible in Bicentennial planning. Since this effort has begun less than three months ago, more than 80 communities have indicated their desire to participate. We already have the names and addresses of 74 local committees and their members. This effort received a real boost when Senator Richard Fitzsimons and Rep. Joe Graba, both members of the Commission, involved our legislators in the task of activation their local communities. In addition, the legislature has provided $200,000 in matching grant funds, $100,000 for a major Bicentennial Agricultural Exposition, and $200,000 for a statewide Aesthetic Environment Program. The Minnesota ARBC and the Pollution Control Agency have recently agreed to work together in a joint effort to eliminate abandoned automobiles throughout the state by 1976. We in Minnesota plan to continue our efforts to make the Bicentennial something meaningful. We hope that Washington will soon realize that the states can dp the job if given adequate funding. At this late date, funding may be the most significant contribution to our nation's Bicentennial which the federal government can provide. Rudy Perpich, Chairman Minnesota American Bi- Centennial Commission centennial Commission Red Cross asking help with history To the Editor: I'm sure that many people in our community are aware of the services performed by the Red Cross. These services however, are not limited to the present and the future. They reach back into the years, back to when life was different than it is now. This is where the people of our community can help. We at the Red cross office are trying to compile a set of scrapbboks of both past and present happenings to let people know how the community is involved in the work of the Red Cross. We would appreciate any help that you could give us in the way of newspaper articles, documents, or writings. Anything that would show what the Red Cross did before the 70's. If anyone has something along this line to donate, please let the Red Cross office know. Office hours are from 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. After 5 call 736-4634 or 739-9428. Remember—it doesn't matter if you have one item or one hundred, all will be used and appreciated. Thanks for your help. Linda Kremcr Chapter Historian WASHINGTON (AP) - Despite President Nixon's refusal to provide any more Watergate evidence, the House Judiciary Committee is preparing to subpoena more tapes. Meanwhile, Judiciary Committee Republicans were advised by the staff Tuesday to seek congressional authorization to go to court for a judgment upholding the panel's right to subpoena evidence from Nixon. Both Democrats and Republicans, meeting in separate party caucuses Tuesday, decided to support a request by Special Counsel John M. Dear for a new subpoena at a Judiciary Committee meeting Thursday. Bipartisan support also is expected at the meeting for a letter notifying Nixon he has failed to comply with a previous subpoena and calling his attention to the constitutional authority on which the committee's impeachment inquiry is based. A party split is shaping up over two other issues due to be considered at the meeting— whether the committee should receive evidence in open or closed hearings, and whether it should make public much of the evidence it has received. In a related development, Watergate special prosecutor [jeon Jaworski asked a federal judge to turn over portions of a White House tape previously withheld from him, saying he had evidence that Nixon may have discussed with'aides the use of the Internal Revenue Service to harass political enemies. And, Nixon's chief Watergate lawyer says he will advise the Supreme Court Thursday that a dispute over tapes taken to the Poll taken about Nixon is negative NEW YORK(AP) Fifty-six per cent of Americans believe the House Judiciary Committee should recommend impeachment if President Nixon refuses to submit requested tapes and materials, according to a nationwide survey by pollster Louis Harris. The poll taken in J.555 households between May 4 and May 7 showedSS per,"c'e nt were opposed 'to such' 'action and 11 per cent had no opinion. It also said Nixon's general handling of the Watergate case drew an 82 per cent negative reaction and his refusal to turn over tapes sought by the committee drew a 72 per cent negative reaction. "On every dimension surrounding his response to the \Vatergate inquiry by the House Judiciary Committee, President Nixon conies up with negative reactions from the American people, the poll said. Dividends an noted pi . NEW YORK (AP) - The board of trustees of Consolidated Edison Co., which voted April 23 to omit the second- quarter dividend on common stock, now plans to pay regular dividends on preferred stock in the same quarter. After the new trustee vote Tuesday, a spokesman for the utility said Con Ed's first quarter earnings was more than adequate to pay approximately III million in quarterly dividends on 10 issues of preferred stock at $1.25 to $2.075 a share. The fixed dividends carried by preferred stock must be paid before the dividends on any common stock. The spokesman estimated that, at 45 cents a share on common stock, the company pays out $30 million each quarter. court by Jaworski should be decided first by the U. S. Court of Appeals. At their caucus, Judiciary Committee Democrats generally supported both open hearings and release of evidence on hand, while Republicans opposed them, for fear, said one, of jeopardizing pending trials of Watergate defendants. Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., said he thought there would be at least one public hearing next week. The committee resumes its closed sessions today; Rodino hopes to wind up the presentation of evidence relating to Watergate. At the Republican caucus, a staff memorandum said a bill, similar to that authorizing the Senate Watergate committee's suit, would be "the surest way for the committee to have its day ui court." Rodino opposes going to court on the subpoena issue on the ground that the Constitution gives the House sole power of impeachment. The committee has issued three previous subpoenas. In response to the first one, requesting tapes, it got edited transcripts. The last two were rejected by Nixon in a letter last week that said future subpoenas for Watergate material would be rejected. The committee sent Nixon a letter after receiving the transcripts telling him he had failed to comply with the subpoena. With reluctance on the part of some members, it apparently will take no sterner action this time. •Merry-Go-Round' Klassen packs post office By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON - Postmaster General Ted Klassen, like a kindly old uncle, has been padding the postal payroll with his cronies and former business associates. It's Uncle Sam and the mail users, meanwhile, who pick up the huge payroll tab. Our continuing investigation into Klassen's shenanigans has now uncovered a payroll boondoggle of major proportions. We found that Klassen's best friend and many of his former business associates have been allowed to feed at the public trough - compliments of the postmaster general. "Lew Walters hocked his watch to lend me money once," Klassen often brags about his oldest friend. Now, Walters reaps the rewards of his loyalty, collecting a fat consultant fee. What he does is a mystery to practically everyone at the Postal Service, but he rakes in about $24,000 a year for doing it. The highest paid consultant, however, was Sydney Baron, a former public relations man at American Can, the . firm Klassen headed before coming to the Postal Service. Until his contract was cancelled May 9, Baron collected an incredible $500 a day for his work. And for Baron, the Postal Service defined a day when "a reasonable amount of time is spent on Postal Service matters." Baron, however, is not the only alumnus of American Can who has drawn a fat paycheck. Some of the American Can crowd have formed sort of a preretirement village, hanging on the postal payroll until they accrue enough time to retire with a pension. Ellsworth Pell, for example, retired from American Can and is now holding down a non-job at the rate of $35,000 a year. Postal sources claim that Pell never made more than $20,000 a year at American Can. Harold Larsen, another American Can graduate, was slipped into a do-nothing job by Klassen, top. He was started out as New York Regional Postmaster General, but had to be removed for inefficiency. Klassen is now taking care of him at $45,000 a year, with an easier job at headquarters. Ben Bailar and Darrel Brown are two former American Can men now in the $50,000 neighborhood at the Postal Service. Brown's postal section is used by Klassen as a dumping ground for old cronies he is reluctant to fire. For example, \KT\ Farrell was demoted from assistant postmaster general for labor relations, but continues to draw They'll Do It Every Time EFFICIENCY IK THE HOSPITAL SUPPLY DEPARTMENT-! 1NEEPA HEW MOP- ' IMTAKIN6ABOrrUOF C/ANIPE, AYERPALE IN A HURRY THEY WAKTTHIS RI6KT AWAY IN EMER- ILL MAKE OUT THE SLIP LATER-POC WHAT- 71ZHAME WANTS If SlSNEP &/ THE CJIRECTOR? ANP VOO 601TA TURN IW THE OLC? ONE- a higher salary than his successor. Farrell is hanging on for a pension. Brown's division also took care of Paul Carlin, who was deposed as a senior assistant postmaster general. Carlin stayed on as an aide to Brown, but still collected about $46,000. The man who took over his duties makes about $43,000. Meanwhile, middle-level postal hands complain that they cannot get the manpower they need because of budget considerations. Blacks and women in the mail system protest that none of their number has made it to the top levels of management. Only five blacks, for example, have hit the $30,000 plateau at the Postal Service. One of the highest paid women is Peggy Ford, who is Klassen's personal secretary. Sources contend that her $26,000 job is secure, because she knows "where all the bodies are buried." Her husband, a retired military man, is now on the payroll at more than $30,000. . At . the. same time, postmasters across the nation are being told to tighten their belts. The Postal Service is in financial trouble and cannot yet ask for another rate increase. Klassen is hoping that economies in the field and a friendly Congress will bail him out. FOOTNOTE: A postal spokesman told my associate Jack Cloherty that Pell, Carlin and Farrell all did necessary jobs at the Postal Service. The spokesman denied that Brown's area was a "dumping ground" and generally defended Klassen's employment practices. WASHINGTON WHIRL: Although some Republican congressmen are running away from the President, the party itself still hasn't stopped politicking for Richard Nixon. The GOP spent more than $14,000 to send sanitized summaries of the Watergate transcripts to key Nixon supporters throughout the nation.. . Despite his hectic schedule, Vice President Gerald Ford still finds time to thank his staff personally for their work. An aide recently received a handwritten birthday note from Ford ... The Federal Energy Administration has pleaded that the United States desperately needs more refineries to overcome the gasoline shortage. Yet the Export-Import Bank, heavily supported with U.S..cash, has granted a $22.3 million loan at six per cent interest to build a refinery in the West Indies. To build the same refinery in the United States, an American firm would have to pay 11 per cent interest, plus higher labor and building costs . . . There may be some complaints about the mail, but not from the White House. Postmaster General Ted Klassen told us that he hasn't spoken with President Nixon for well over a year ... The FBI has been doing some public relations work on ex-foreign agent Dusko Popov who claims in a book that he warned the late J. Edgar Hoover about Pearl Harbor. FBI agents dropped by the publisher, Grosset and Dunlop, and tried to convince vice president Bob Markel that Popov was lying. Markel listened politely, then published the book. . . Many weeks ago, a Watergate investigator called a Washington dentist and asked for temporary treatment for a bad tooth problem which, he said, he would take care of when he went back home. The investigator recently called back ;md asked for a permanent fix. It looked like he would be here awhile, he said.
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