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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS YOt* XLIX—NO. 7'8 BlythevUh Dally New» THE DO*CH»AMT KEWSPAPgt OF KORTIPCA«T A«KAK«A8 AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI l Valley Blyttievllle Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JUNE 15, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE Martin Sees Excess Profits Tax Extension Speaker Indicates House Might Bypass Committee WASHINGTON (AP) — House Speaker Martin (R- Mass.) said today he expects the House to vote an extension of the excess profits tax. He indicated congressional leaders might, if necessary, bypass the House.Ways and Means Committee which has such legislation bottled up. Martin's statement was • made to reporters at the White House after the weekly conference of President Eisenhower and GOP congressional leaders. Asked whether there is any plan to by-pass the Ways and Means Committee so as to bring the measure up for a House vote, Martin said leaders might "commence to explore" that possibility. But he deprecated the possibility that it might be necessary to bypass the committee. Rep. Daniel A. Reed (R-NY), "' chairman of the committee, is a bitter foe of the extension. He is demanding that this tax be allowed to die July 1 as scheduled and that individual income taxes be cut. And, Reed predicted, If taxes are not cut this year the Democrats will win back control of Congress In 1954. Tating direct issue with President Eisenhower, Reed said a promise to cut taxes "was one of the main pledges made during the campaign" by GOP members of Congress "and the President too." Eisenhower has said he never promised to reduce taxes right away. "You'd be surprised the way the people resent the failure to keep that pledge," Reed said in a copyrighted interview published today by the magazine U. S. News and World Report. "If the people don't get this tax reduction now, you will have-a Democratic Congress next lime." Reed, in a position as chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee to influence taxes more than any other man in Congress, has been balking at two major provisions of Eisenhower's tax program: 1. A request that the excess profits tax on business, due to expire at the end of this month, be extended for six months to bring in an estimated 800 million dollars toward balancing the budget. Reed wants the tax to expire on schedule. 2. A request that a 10 per cent cut in individual income taxes be permitted to take effect next Jan. 1, as scheduled under present law. Reed wants to advance it to July 1. House Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R-Mass) said over the week end he knows a majority of the 15 Republicans on Reed's committee "are ready to bring ... to the House floor" an extension of the excess profits tax. But Reed said that "except for possibly three members", the Republicans on his group want the tax to expire. Three Methodist Pastors Receive New Assignments Three Methodist pasorates in Mississippi County changed hands this week as a result of new appointments made at the church's annual North Arkansas Conference at Payetteville last week. All but one BlytheviUe Methodist church retained their present pastor. The Rev. J. H. Richardson of Vandale Church was named to succeed the Rev. W. W. Peterson as pastor of the West Blytheville Parish. The Rev. Mr. Peterson was shifted to Dyess-Whitlen Church where he will replace the Rev. Jim Pollard, who goes to Bono Church. Leachville Church received a new pastor, the Rev. J. E. Linam, who moves there from the Swifton Church. The present pastor, the Kev. Prank Stage, goes to Strong Church. Weather ARJCANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershowers northeast this afternoon and early tonight and in north , Tuesday; no important temperature changes. MISSOURI — Considerable cloudiness with scattered trmndershow- ers tonight and Tuesday; slightly warmer northeast tonight and not so warm northwest Tuesday; low tonight in the 70s; high Tuesday 85-95. Minimum this morning—75. Maximum yesterday—94. Minimum Sun. morning—72. Maximum Saturday—08. Sunrlflo tomorrow—4:W. Sunset today—7:14. Moan temperature (midway between high nnd low)—84.5. Normal and mean for June—77 5. Preclp. last 4fl houn (7 n.m. to 7 m.m.)—trace. Preclp. Jan. 1 to ante—MM. , This Dal* Last Year Minimum this morninK—75. Maximum yesterday—105. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date— 26.4J, He took issue also with Martin's prediction that if the extension gets to the House floor, it will be approved, although Reed said that "would all depend upon whether it were a good political move at the time." There has been no indication that Reed will call his committee together to act on the excess profits See TAX on Page 3 'ABDUCTED — Clem Graver (above). Republican state legislator and ward committeeman from Chicago's so-called hoodlum dominated West Sice Bloc, was abducted by three men near his home (June 11) in Chicago. Five persons, including Graver's wife, Amelia, 51, witnessed the abduction of the 53-year-old real estate and insurance broker. (AP Photo) Hayti Man Shoots Woman, Kills Self HAYTI (AP).— Mrs. Onie Lee Turner, 37-year-old widow, was seriously wounded late Saturday night by a farmer who then killed himself, Highway Patrolman E. E. Kelsey reported. Dead was Swan H. Andrews, 57. The shooting occurred on the front portch of a home four miles front porch of Hayti which was owned by Andrews and occupied by Mrs. Turner. A son of Mrs. Turner told authorities his mother and Andrews argued before the shootings. The patrolman said he did not know the subject of the argument. The son said Andrews demanded "Tell me the truth or I'll kill you." Mrs. Turner replied "I am telling vf u the truth." Mrs. Turner was taken to the Baptist Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., with a pistol bullet in her forehead . The 16-year-old son was in another room of. the house at, the time of the argument. An inquest was conducted yesterday and the incident, ruled attempted murder and suicide pending Mrs. Turner's recovering sufficiently to make a statement. She ( underwent surgery shortly after the shooting for removal of the bullet. A physician at Baptist Hospital indicated she would live. Services for Andrews will be conducted at 2 p.m. tomorrow at Valhalla Funeral Home Chapel in Hayti by James Needham, minister of the Church of Christ there. Burial will be In East Woodlawn Cemetery. Luttrell, Poole Buy New Firm; Closing Here Maurice Luttrell and Marvin R. Poole, owners of Luttrell's Market here, announced today that they have purchased an I.G.A. super market in Maiden, Mo., and plan to move to that city soon to operate the store. Remaining merchandise and fixtures of their store here will oe moved to the Maiden location following a close-out sale to be conducted in the store here, the owners said. .August 1 has been tentatively set for opening date of the Maiden store. There are no Immediate plans for the store here, other than for the closing of business operations wh3n the move to Maiden is made, Mr. Luttrell said this morning. Mr. and Mrs.. Luttrell and daughter, Diane, and Mr. and Mrs. Poole will make their home in Maden. Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON W) — The Su- weme Court today refused to stay ;he executions of atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. In a dramatic and highly unusual move just after the court's action was announced today, John F. Finerty, one of the Rosenbergs' defense lawyers, arose and said he wished to file a petition for a writ of habeas corpus. French Threaten Self-Exiled King With Dethroning Cambodian Monarch Flees to Bangkok To Pressure Franc* • • "•- , .»>' ,. 1 c-'~i SAIGON, Indochina (#) — French circles said here today that Prance may hove to depose King Norodom Sihanouk if he does not soon end his self-imposed exile in Thailand and return to his Indochinese kingdom of Cambodia. The 31-year-old monarch and on automobile entourage of 27 persons suddenly popped across the border Saturday and arrived in Bangkok yesterday. The monarch said he hoped to force France to grant fuller freedom to his Communist- threatened kingdom. Before departing, the King transferred lull power to his Prime Minister, Pen Nouth, who remained in Cambodia's capital. Phnom Penh. The King gave no indication he intended to abdicate. In Bangkok today, a spokesman for the King said he had fled to prevent an anti-French revolution, and to lead a crusade to rally world opinin which he hoped would force France to grant his country independence. French officials here expressed fear the King's flight would touch oft uprisings by Cambodian ultra- nationalists, as well as by strong underground forces of the rebel Communist-led Vietminh. French observers said France would have to take steps to avoid trouble In the kingdom if Noredom did not return. They suggested two possible solutions: 1. Depose the King and install his uncle. Prince Monireth, who is next in line for the throne; 2. Set up a regency under Princess Souramarith, the King's mother. French sources here said Cambodia was calm but troops had been alerted as a precautionary measure. Noredom yesterday expressed willingness to continue friendship with the French but complained that they had stalled in negotiations for the complete independence of Cambodia. He said, however, he was confident an agreement soon would be reached and he could return home. House Okay Is Seen for Trade Act But Battle Due On Expansion Of Commission WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower's request for a one-year extension of the Reciprocal Traue Act came up in the House today amid indications it would receive overwhelming, if tardy, approval. The only major battle on the often controversial issue appeared to be an all-out Democratic effort to kill a proposed expansion of the Tariff Commission. Senate leaders reportedly were doubtful this provision would pass the Senate, although it was expected to clear the House. Chairman Millikin (R-Colo) of the Senate Finance Committee declined to make prediction, although he said the extension will be okayed quickly, The bill, sponsored by Rep. Simpson (R-Pa), would renew the President's authority to negotiate lower tariffs on foreign goods coming into the U. S., in return for similar concessions for this country's products sold abroad. It also would: 1. Create a 17-man commission of lawmakers and White House appointees to study the ticklish foreign trade question and recommend a more permanent program next year. 2. Shorten from 12 months to nine months the time given the regular Tariff Commission to act on an American industry's request "or higher tariffs to block out foreign imports. Knfarge Commission 3. Expand the regular Tariff Commission from six to seven members, thus giving Republicans a 4-3 majority at least for the time being. Democrats contend this provision vould make a partisan agency out of the traditionally nonpartisan, "act-finding commission. But they werejnpt optimistic that they could v " *• The old trade act expired last Friday, but agreements negotiated under it remain in effect. The Eisenhower administration has said plans no new agreements. The President, however, urged extension of the authority as a ymbol of U. S. willingness to cooperate in promoting free world ;rade. A series of provisions tending to ncrease tariff protection for Amer- can industry has been wrapped up a separate bill. It is strongly opposed by the administration as a drastic reversal of freer trade policies. Toft's Condition Okay NEW YORK (#)— Sen. Robert .A. Taft (R-Ohio), in New York Hospital for treatment of a hip ailment, is reported in good condition. Taft, 63, entered the hospital Friday night. Temple Israel Elects Officers Hyman Weinberg' Named President Hyman Weinberg of Osceola was elected president of BIytheville's Temple Israel last night in the annual election of officers by that group. Named to serve as vice president was Joe Kohn of Hayti, Mo. Other officers to serve for the coming year are Joe Applebaum of Osceola, reasurer; Koath Harwarg of Osceola. secretary, and the following directors: Walter Rosenthal, Richard Jiedel and Sigbert Jiedel of Blythe- •ille. Dr. M. S. Nickel and Maurice Silverfield of Osceola, Noah Barko- it of Hayti, and Harold Cooperman of Caruthersville. Past president Perry Cooperman oi Caruthersville gave a farewell address and was given a rising ovation by the group. Joe Applebaum presented the financial report, for the past year, and Dr. Alfred Vise, Temple Israel pastor, spoke briefly Signs of Quick Truce Increase Despite Mighty Red Offensive 30,000 Enemy Rip Two Miles Into UN Lines By GEORGE A. McAKTHUK SEOUL (AP) —Thirty thousand Communists ripped into Allied lines today, breaking through as deep as two miles in the mightiest Red offensive in two years. Two South Korean divisions on the East-Central Front buckled under an assault by two fresh Chinese divisions—about 20,000 soldiers. A few miles to the west, another 10,000 Reds pierced Allied lines in several places before they w^e halted in bloody trench fighting by infantrymen of the U. S. 3rd and South Korean 9th Divisions. U. S. airmen flying shuttle missions dumped more than 2,225,000 pounds of bombs on the flaming 40-mile front. Smoke of battle could be seen for 60 miles. It was the greatest Red drive since the 1951 spring offensive, and apparently intended to gain the Communists as much ground as possible before the impending armistice. Fighting raged throughout the day and last reports described It as "fluid" — meaning in full blast and undecided. "We are still trying to find out what is hurting us and how badly," an American military advisor to the South Koreans reported. Associated Press Correspondent CHANTING DURING DEMONSTRATION — Chanting, ami-Waving South Korean girls demonstrate outside the Correspondents Billet in Seoul during a mass protest against acceptance of UN truce terms. The students later stormed through the barrier to the parking area in the compound where they staged another demonstration before Eighth Army MP's removed them. (AP Wirephoto) Milo Farnetl, at the front, said in the afternoon it appeare the South Koreans and Chinese still were locked in see-saw combat on vital ground. The Communists engulfed Capitol Hill and Outpost Texas, south of Kumsong, and had the South Korean 5lh and 8th Divisions reeling south toward the Pukhan River. Fragmentary dispatches from the front painted a bloody picture of reckless Chinese pouring over a 3,000-foot peak which dominates the area held by the' two ROK divisions. "Punishment" Some Allied officers considered the offensive a Communist move to punish the South Koreans, Sec YVAB on Page 3 Blyttieville Fits National Pattern Underpaid, Overworked Police A check into Police Department salaries and working hours here today seemed to indicate Blytheville may have been included among cities described several days ago by Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell when he attacked police wage and hour conditions on a nationwide basis. Verdict Is Due Today In Vick-Cockrell Suit Following closing arguments heard in Circuit Court here this morning, a jury was scheduled to return a verdict this afternoon in the case of T. Newton Vick vs. Barney Cockrell, charging abatement of sale price in the sale of a shoe store sold by Mr. Cockrell to Mr. Vick. Paragould Lawyer Disbarred on Bribe Count PARAGOULD (If) — Horace Whitsitt, former Paragould city attorney, has lost his license to practice law because a circuit judge believed testimony that he shook down" relatives of & client with demands for "bribe" money. Circuit Judge Guy Amsler of Little Rock ordered the disbarment several months after Amsler heard trial charges against Whitsitt. Whitsitt may appeal the order to the Arkansas Supreme Court If he wishes. Amsler, who heard the case on an exchange of circuits, >aid he was convinced that Whitsitt had gotten money from the son and son- in-law of a 73-year-old man charged with rape on the representation that the cash would be used to bribe the Judge and prosecutor. These officials were among the witnesses who testified against Whitsitt. Whitsitt wa» quoted as saying the money was needed to pave the defendant "Irom the electric chair." The defendant eventually was Kntenced to IS yeari for a.ssaull to rape. The State Bar Rules Committee, which li! appointed by the Supreme Court to Investigate allegations of unethical conduct by lawyers, 'filed the. charge against Whitsitt. Besides the count specifically cited by Amsler, the Bars Rules Committee charged three other specific Instances of "unethical conduct" against Whitsitt. Amsler said he wasn't certain that evidence In thes« three cases was conclusive in itM.lt, but that taken with the rape case evidence, it pointed to Whluitt's guilt. Race Track Fight Hearing Decision Foes Plan Prayer Meetings; Election To Be Tomorrow FORREST CITY W)—St. Francis County voters — 6,097 of them wiio have been high pressured for the )ast five months on a proposed lorse rack track question — will decide the issue tomorrow. Feelings have run high and in his East Arkansas county of near- y 37,000 since first petitions for i special election on the track were filed last Feb. 23. The St. Francis Valley Turf Association, backers of the proposed track, have clashed head on in newspaper ads, radio programs and house to house canvasses with track ipponents—mostly church groups. The opponents will try all night prayer meetings tonight. The Track Association says that a horse race track will bring pros- rerity to Forrest City and a re- uvenation of interest in building ip the area. The opposition claims that a race track means illegal gambling, out- of-state racketeers and a disruption of Forrest City's placid way of life. State Sen, Fletcher Long of Forrest City said "cold common sense would dictate a negative answer to organized horse racing here. A franchise would lead to one principal conclusion—domination of political, business and economic . affairs by outsiders." A proposal to build a race track,, sponsored by Dixie Downs, Inc., was defeated in Crittenden County last year. A Forrest City businessman, John T. Turner, said that he thinks the "trade would be good for the area and that something should be done to take up the slack in unemployment to keep some of the skilled workers from leaving the county." Boy Falls 13 Stories, Lives NEW YORK W»j—A 2''.-year-old toy fell 13 stories yesterday — and lived. The boy, Marshall Harris, tumbled from a bedroom window and landed in a clump of bushes on freshly turned earth. A severity floor radio aerial broke his fall. At Harlem Hospital, where his condition was described as critical, officials gave the child a fair chanct of recovery. The average Blytheville city po- licenmn makes $225 a month for working from 10 to 12 hours dally six clays a week, it was revealed when Mayor Dan Blod^ett and Police Chief Cecil Graves were asked to comment on the local police situation. Also a problem is the fact that the Blytheville force is periennial- ly short-handed. The city now sustains a 12-nian force, including the chief, while what the Federal Bureau of Investigation would classify as an "ideal" force for a city of this size would probably run to 20 men, Chief Graves said. The mythical figure comes from a standing FBI recommendation of one patrolman for each 1,000 population, it was pointed cut, placing Blytheville in the classification of cities needing 16 to 17 actual working patrolmen plus desk officers and administrative men. "Furthermore," Mayor Blodgett said, "the actual daily working hours don't reveal the full time and effort expected of our policemen. Each officer is subject to emergency call at any hour, around the clock. In fact, If an officer plans to leave the city for even a short time during an off period or day he is expected to check out with the chief." ASKED IF the comparatively poor working conditions cau.<;e a high rate of turnover, Mayor Blodgett replied that, fortunately in his opinion, the force had had little or no turnover for some time. Chief Graves added that, Ahile improvements could be made with a larger force, the "men are doing as good a Job as can be done under the circumstances." Problems occur, the Chief said, See POLICE on Page 3 Hike in Postal Rates Sought To End Deficit WASHINGTON f/P)—Postmaster Central Summerfield will ask for an increase in postal rate in an effort to wipe out a $594,250,000 deficit facing the Post Office Department. This was disclosed by Republican congressional • leaders after their weekly conference today with President Eisenhower at the White House. Summerfield sat in on the meeting. House Speaker Martin (R-Mass) told reporters Summerfield hopes the rate increases ,if Congress grants them, will go into effect next Oct. 1. Martin said Summerfield probably would recommend an increase in virtually all rates from first class mail down. The request presumably will be for increase from three to four cents in the cost of mailing a first class letter . Martin said a formal request for the rate increases probably will go to Congress some time this week. Armistice Talks Not Interrupted Yet by Attacks By ROBERT B. TUCKMAJf MUNSAN (AP) — Signs of a quick truce increased today- even as Communist armies to the east smashed south in a stretch drive offensive. Although reasons behind the llth- hour Red attack left observers mystified, these developments pointed to an imminent armistice: 1. Word leaked out that staff officers writing: the last details of an armistice have struck no snags. However, they may have to consider the changing battle line, which might change the 2 ^-mile-wide truce buffer zone they -are setting up. 2. Allied and Red liaison officers me.t in secret for 19 minutes. A spokesman said only that they met to discuss administrative details pertaining of the truce negotiations. However, they could have arranged for the next meeting of the main truce negotiation delegations, which have been In recess a week. The main delegates must approvn the details written by staff officers. 3. Troops and supply trucks poured into this base camp as th« Allies rushed preparations for the huge prisoner exchange to follow an armistice. 4. Lt. Oen. Maxwell D. Taylor, TJ. N. field commander, warned his Eighth Army by radio that the impending armistice would not end the war in itself and told the soldiers to stay ready to fight if necessary. He said the "possibility of an armistice has increased to the point that we must consider what a signing would mean ..." Long: Sessions Held The staff officers of both sides- working in - two groups •— held lengthy sessions Sunday. One group is believed drawing the demarcation line for the buffer zone and the other writing details for prisoner exchange. They recessed until 11 a.m. Tuesday. President Syngman Rhee called off the antitruce demonstrations South Korean streets. However, which echoed for five days Sn there was no indication the South Korean government has backed down on its unbending opposition to the armistice and its threats to carry on the war by itself. One thousand South Koreans mfft in a Seoul park Sunday for prayer and a less noisy protest against the truce. They adopted this resolution: "We Christians want peace more than anybody else. But we simply cannot accept any truce which we re sure will not bring about peace at all." Just what was behind the heavy Red blows in the apparently waning hours of the three-year-old war was anyone's guess. Military men and truce observers offered these possible reasons: 1. The Chinese may want to win more ground before an armistice and push the truce line closer to ;he 38th Parallel—the prewar po- .itical dividing line. 2. The Reds also may want to be able to claim a "final victory" for prestige purposes. This would allow hem to claim in Asia-aimed propaganda they were winning when the shooting stopped. 3. The Chinese could be bent on .rying to impress the South Ko- •eans, Who haVe vowed to fight on alone. # •':'• ¥ Community Chest Board to Elect Officers Tuesday The Blytheville Community Chest Bo^rd will meet tomorrow at 10:30 a.m. in the Chamber of Commerce offices In City Hall, It was announced today by Dr. J. C. Guard, chairman. On the HR^nda for the meeting are the election of new officers by the group, and the consideration of preliminary plans for the fall campaign. Present officers include Dr. Guard and Fred E. Warren, treasurer. Along with John Caudlll. their terms expire this year. Board members whose appointments end next year are Frank Nelson, Riley Jones and Toler Buchanan. Members whose terms extend through 1055 are Alvin Huffman, Jr., R, M. Logan and L. E. Old, Jr. Rhee Says He Won't Tolerate Stories Unfavorable to Korea SEOUL Wl—President Syngman | arms of females. Should there be Rhee warned today that he would | ones who have witnessed Ameri- not tolerate newsmen who spread accounts unfavorable to Ihe Republic of Korea. Rhee said in a statement: "There are some correspondents, both local and foreign, who are spreading accounts unfavorable to the Republic of Korea. Now that our country Is facing a national crisis, we warn that we will not tolerate the activities of these correspondents should they continue to evoke international hostility nnd thereby precipitate our national crisis." Rhee did not name any correspondents. He said he had read news resorts that American soldiers "caused Injuries to our high school girls (during antitruce demonstrations last week) with razor blades and committed other inhuman acts and I am extremely shocked." Demands Proof However, he continued: "No matter what they say about them, _ there are absolutely no American* who attempt to commit cans perpetrate acts of this nature, they must present proof at the office of the secretary to the President. "Even if these reports are true, news reporters and editors should be extremely careful in handling accounts of this nature. They should not be careless enough to have these accounts published." He said any such incidents should be reported to the government for handling. "Should there be wicked elements who capitalize on these critical hours, incite public sentiment and cause clashes between us and our allies, we must see to it that every one of them is arrested and detained In prison. "We must make utmost exertion at this time ... so as not to cause any misunderstanding among our allies. These misunderstandings will prevent us from acquainting the people throughout the world with our intentions." Rhec's statement did not mention such diabolic acts as to cut the, any specific incident.