Iowa a place to giowr Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 101—No. 273 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, 51401, Thursday, November 19, 1970—Twelve Pages Evening for 50 Cents Per Week 10c Copy Swine-Plant Experiment Under Way in Alaska— Iowa Hogs Pioneer Participants in Arctic Superfarm Project DELTA JUNCTION, Alaska (AP) Fifty-six individually selected head of Iowa's finest corn-fed hogs were flown to Alaska this week to become pioneer participants in a closely watched Arctic agricultural experiment. The animals are to be used in a test in which hogs will live on the lower floor of a two<story building while strawberries and vegetables theoretically will thrive in an upper-floor greenhouse. The concept, proposed by Uni versity of Alaska scientists, involves the use and interchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in suoh a way that the swine and greenhouse enterprises complement each other. Dr. Wayne E. Burton, an agricultural economist who is coordinating the experiment for the university, said the two- story affair provides a unique way to dispose of the waste carbon dioxide from the swine. He said the program calls for its transfer to and circulation on •the upper floor to benefit plant growth. At the same time, he said, depending on plan density the growth rate, the berries and vegetables theoretically will provide an excess of oxygen which will have a "supercharger effect on the physiological processes of swine growth" when circulated on the lower floor. The swine-plant experiment is part of an agricultural project planned in this area about 100 miles south of Fairbanks, where winter temperatures sometimes plunge to 65 degrees below zero. The University of Alaska and Iowa State University, as well as a group of chemical, electrical and machinery companies, are cooperating in the Delta junction farming project in which large-scale grain-growing is envisioned as an important Alaskan industry. Dr. Maynard Speer, chief veterinarian at Iowa State, traveled through the Iowa corn belt in early October with two officials of the new farming enterprise, called OHM, Inc. The two were James A. Harding, presi dent and manager of the Fairbanks-based corporation, and State Sen. Edward A. Merdes, D-Fairbanks. The trio selected the hogs, including seven boars and a 600- pounder, which were landed near Delta Junction last Sunday during a snowstorm after a 3,200 mile flight from Des Moines. Officials say the first litter of pigs is expected within a few weeks. Next spring, the first of 10 projected combination "pork palaces" and greenhouses is scheduled for construction with a slaughter house planned nearby. Meanwhile, thousands of acres of brush and small trees are being cleared for large-scale growing to feed a ihog-raising operation designed to be producing 14,000 marketable hogs a year in 10 years. Barley was planted last May on 1,000 acres of virgin land, yielding about 40 bushels an acre despite trampling of part of the fields by a herd of state-protected buffalo roaming in the Clearwater River area. Burton said land clearing will continue with more barley planted each year and crops from 5,800 acres expected in five years. Four grain storage bins of 10,000 bushels are in use with capacity for 120,000 to be provided. Dr. William R. Wood, president of the University of Alaska, has entered the university into a three-year contract to provide scientific and technical expertise aimed at "legitimizing agri culture as a viable industry" in Alaska. In addition the experiment has attracted such private firms as General Electric Co., Which had been looking for an area of long periods of darkness to test a new high-intensity flashing light to speed plant growth. "We fully intend to make this the most modern farm in the United States," Merdes said. "I think we can meet New York prices and quality with Alaskan- grown vegetables. We are able to produce grain competitively with the Northwest." Marine Copter Crashes in Vietnam; All 15 Aboard Die SAIGON (AP) - A U.S. Marine helicopter returning to Da Nang with a crippled patrol crashed into a mountain side in the fog Wednesday, killing all 15 Marines aboard. It was the worst crash in Vietnam since Aug. 26, when a big CH47 Chinook helicopter was shot down southeast of Da Nang and 31 U.S. Army men were kilied. Among the dead in Wednesday's crash was Lt. Col. William G. Leftwich Jr., 39, Memphis, Tenn., Tennessee's Main of the Year in 1965. The helicopter, a medium-size CH46, crashed in the Que Son range about 22 miles southwest of Da Nang. The U.S. Command said the cause of the crash was unknown, but other sources said fog and poor visibility apparently were responsible. The wreckage was found on the side of the mountain and all of the bodies were recovered today by a Marine ground team landed by helicopters. The ill-fated CH46 had lifted out a small Marine patrol from the Que Son mountains and was returning to the unit's base in Da Nang when it got lost in the clouds, field reports said. Another helicopter following it could not spot the craft and lost radio contact. "The patrol in the Que Son mountains got into trouble," said one officer. "One man broke his leg and two more came down with fever. They called back and asked for a helicopter to lift them out." Leftwich decided to pull out the entire patrol. Informed sources said he had always gone in after 'his men when there was an emergency, and he was the first aboard the 45-foot-long CH46 that was assigned to lift out the team. Leftwich was serving his second tour in Vietnam. He was an adviser to South Vietnamese Marines from February 1965 until February 1966. At that time, Gen. William C. Westmoreland, then commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam, called him the best adviser in Vietnam. Leftwich returned to Vietnam for a second tour last February after serving in Washington as an aide to Undersecretary of the Navy John Winter. On the battlefrants, 1,000 South Vietnamese troops opened a new drive into eastern Cambodia today, the third this week aimed at heading off North Vietnamese offensives into South Vietnam. There was no immediate significant contact. Two North Vietnamese soldiers were re ported killed and a quantity of medical supplies seized. No South Vietnamese casualties were reported. To the west in Cambodia, North Vietnamese assault troops and Cambodian forces battled for the 11th day for control of two highways northeast of Phnom Penh. The government troops drove off the attack at one point, but the outcome of the other was not known yet. Only small skirmishes were reported in South Vietnam, but a grenade accident 20 miles northeast of Saigon killed 11 Vietnamese and wounded 31. Government communiques said a Viet Cong terrorist threw a hand grenade into a crowd watching an outdoor movie; investigators on the scene reported the grenade accidentally fell from the belt of a member of the government propaganda team showing the film. . Dr. Valbracht to Speak at Coon Rapids COON RAPIDS — The Rev. Dr. Louis Valbracht, senior pastor of one of the largest Lutheran churches in the nation, will speak at 7:30 p.m. Sunday, Nov. 22, at Ascension Lutheran church here for the seventh annual Harvest Festival celebration. The public is invited to attend the evening vesper service and social hour that will follow the service in Fellowship Hall, the Rev. M. P. Mueller, Ascension pastor, said Thursday. Dr. Valbracht's church, St. John's of Des Moines, has a congregation of more than 5,000 baptized members. During his pastorate a $100,000 parish house and chapel have been constructed. A former armed services chaplain and active in community affairs, Dr. Valbracht is in demand at many high school commencements and college and university convocations. As a missioner in the evangelism program of the Lutheran church he has traveled some 50,000 miles and has conducted over a score of preaching missions from coast-to-coast. The Rev. Dr. Louis Valbrach Decision Near on States' Auto Suits WASHINGTON (AP) - A decision appears imminent on a drive by 17 states to have the Supreme Court consider their suit charging the major auto manufacturers with conspiring to delay the development of an- tismog devices. The states want the court to order General Motors, Ford, Chrysler and American Motors to equip all their cars builtt since 1953 with devices that would cut down the 67.3 million tons of carbon monoxide released annually from auto exhausts. Urge Full 10 Pet. of Sales Tax for Roads (By Iowa Daily Press Association) DES MOINES - A legislative committee is recommending that the full 10 per cent of all sales tax collections be used on construction and maintenance of highways. If this idea is followed by the 1971 Legislature, it could mean an additional $6 million a year for roads. In establishing the road use tax fund, the 1949 General Assembly provided for taking 10 per cent of the retail sales tax collections and earmarking this money for highways. When the 1961 Legislature raised the sales tax from two to three cents and also extended the tax to services, it decided against sending 10 per cent of the third cent of sales tax into the road fund. Instead, it went to the state's general fund. The 1969 General Assembly further changed the road formula by directing that $1.7 million be paid annually "off the top" of this fund (10 per cent of two-thirds of the three cent sales tax) for driver education. But the real battle ground Domain Changes Urged DES MOINES (AP) - The requirements electric utilities and pipeline companies must meet to gain the power to condemn private land for their Iowa projects would be changed again under action recommended by a legislative committee Wednesday. Such firms are required under newly enacted laws to hold local "informational meetings" for affected property owners before they can negotiate with them for easements, and must certify such meetings have been held in their petition to the Iowa State Commerce Commission for condemnation power. Those laws, enacted only this year, drew some objections from Iowa Atty. Gen. Richard C. Turner, Who contended some provisions placed unreasonable burdens on companies seeking the power of eminent domain. The legislature's Eminent Domain Study Committee started out simply to remove Turner's objections from the new laws, but wound up Wednesday recommending legislative action on a new pair of laws, one for electric utilities and the other for pipelines. The new law would require firms to notify all property owners who will be affected by a proposed project of the plans and advise them of their legal rights in a certified letter with a return receipt attached. The firms would be forbidden to contact property owners to negotiate for easements until after the receipts were returned. They also would have to supply copies of the receipts to the Commerce Commission in their petition for eminent domain powers. If 5 per cent or more of affected property owners in any county signed a petition requesting it, the Commerce Commission would hold its hearing on the petition in the county involved instead of in Des Moines. Some committee members contended the requirements of meetings didn't assure that all affected property owners—such Domain . . . See Page 2 was mapped this year when the Legislature, following the advice of Gov. Robert D. Ray, diverted over $10 million in road funds to the state's general fund. Faced with an extremely tight budget, Ray argued that the road money would not be needed immediately and as a matter of priorities could be put to better use, for the present, in helping to underwrite water pollution projects. The legislative committee on highway funding, headed by Rep. LeRoy Miller, R-Shenandoah, this week decided to recommend to the 64th General Assembly when it convenes in January to re-establish the principle that all road user taxes, including the full 10 per cent of the sales and service tax. he spent on roads. Ten per cent of two-thirds of the sales tax presently bring in about $14 million a year. Presumably, the Legislature would continue to deduct $1 million "off the top" of this fund for manufacturing auto license plates, but the $1.7 million for driver education would come out of the state's general fund. Ten per cent of the full three cent sales tax would produce about $20 million a year. With these other variations taken into account, this could mean, if the Legislature went along, an additional $6 million a year for higrways. The U.S. Command's weekly casualty summary reported 32 Americans killed in action last week, 12 less than, the number reported in daily communiques for the same period. Asked about the discrepancy, a spokesman said "no correlation is possible" between the daily reports and the weekly totals. He said the 12 • additional deaths would show up in a future weekly summary. It was the seventh week in succession that U.S. battlefield deaths totaled less than 50, reflecting the low level of fighting in Vietnam and the gradual disengagement of American forces. The U.S. Command reported another 28 Americans died in Vietnam last week from accidents and illness, while 273 Americans were wounded in action. The summary said 43,991 Americans have been killed in action in the war since Jan. 1, 1961, although actually the total is more than 44,000, according to the daily com muniques. Other casualty totals reported for last week were 308 South Vietnamese troops killed in action and 850 wounded, and 1,135 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong killed. The new South Vietnamese drive into Cambodia was 15 miles northeast of the Vietnamese border town of Bo Due and about 100 miles northeast of Saigon. From this region in Cambodia, a complex series of trails and bridges snake southward into South Vietnam, the key infiltration corridors the U.S. Command named the Adams Road and the Jolley Trail. Two other South Vietnamese task forces operating in northeast Cambodia 65 and 150 miles north of Bo Due reported light contact. MARKETS MEETING Trading on the futures markets will be the subject of a conference to be held at the Starlite Village Restaurant, Fort Dodge, on Nov. 24, according to Roland Lickteig, County Extension Director. Elevator board members, grain and livestock producers, farm suppliers and elevator managers should all benefit from this conference, Lickteig stated. Reservations for the conference should be made at the Carroll County Extension Office in Carroll, phone 7922364. Area Forecast (More Weather on Page 2) Chance of snow Thursday night, mostly east portion, lows 28 to 32. Cloudy and a little cooler Friday, highs upper 30s to lower 40s. Precipitation chances in per cent: 40 Thursday night and 20 Friday. 4th Street Construction —Staff Photo A bulldozer operated by Kraco Construction Co., Sioux City, is shown preparing roadbed near the intersection of relocated Fourth Street and Clark Street in preparation for paving machine. The completion of the re* located street which runs on ground formerly occupied by the Great Western railroad has been slowed repeatedly by bad weather. The view above, looking east toward Clark Street, shows the muddy roadbed at the end of the new slab of concrete. Westside, Pop. 367, Boasts Library of 1,325 Volumes By Mrs. Robert Mason (Staff Correspondent) WESTSIDE — The small town of Westside, population 367, boasts a library of 1,325 volumes that at the m o m e n t seems to be growing faster than the town itself. The Westside Public Library was organized in 1927 by the Fortnitely Club and located in the Westside Drug Co. By 1935, the Town Council took over management and appointed a library board. For several years the library was located at Sievers Drug Co.; and then in 1945, the fire station provided space for the library. The library was closed for several years during the 1960s, and re-opened on April 8, 1967, with Mrs. Ed Ragal- ler as librarian. Serving with her on the library board, appointed by the city council, are Mrs. Art Schoessler, Edna Rohwer, Mrs. Paul Campbell and Mrs. Glen Martine. The city council appropriates $90 a year for the library. For two years, in 1967-68, the library was enrolled in the Book of the Month Club. Since 1969 it has been a member of Doubleday Bargain Book Club, and selects at least one new volume a month. The library contains many books that are, or have been, on the best-seller lists. Seventeen books have been purchased and added thus far in 1970. Included are: "The Walls Came Tumbling Down", by Babs Deal; "The House on the Strand", by Daphne Dumarier; "Melbury Square", by Dorthy Eden; "The Child From the Sea", by Elizabeth Goudge; "What Do They Do? Doctors and Nurses", by Carta Greene; "What Do They Do? Policemen and F i r e m e n", by Carla Greene; "Hotel", by Arthur Hailey; "This Perfect Day", by Ira Levin; "The Devil's Daughter", by Ellazar Lipsky; "Lovers All Untrue", by Nora Lofts; "Heartsblood", by Paul Marttin; "Fire From Heaven", Mary Renault; "Love Story", by Erich Segal; "Countdown", by Frank Slaughter; "Bless the Beasts and Children", by Glendon Swarthout; "The Sound of Summer Voices", by Helen Tucker; "A Loving Wife", by Violet Weingarten. A wide variety of books is available. Last year, 723 were classified as adult fiction; 248, adult non-fiction; 320, juvenile fiction; and 34, juvenile non-fiction. Included in the library are several books that are quite old and might be considered antiques. Books have been purchased or donated to the library by individuals, various groups and clubs. The U.S. government in 1968 donated 26 volumes, "Hearings on Assassination of President Kennedy"; and one volume, "Report on Assassination of President". The "House Journal 1967", and "Senate Journal 1967" were donated by the State of Iowa. Nine volumes were donated by Moody Literature Mission. Books donated to the library must be hardbacks in good condition. Paperback books are not included in the library since they are hard to catalogue and keep repaired. The local Girl Scouts in 1967 went through all the books and made needed general repairs. Since then, the books have been Library . . . See Page 2 Iowa Budget Askings About $1 Billion DES MOINES (AP) - Gov. Robert D. Ray next week begins (the biennial task of reducing a whole Everest of state budget requests into a manageable hill that will fit the state's income. Like the harried breadwinner who can't pay the rent if he gets the car fixed — but has to have the car to get to work — the chief executive must figure out how to apportion Iowa's limited income so it is spent in what he sees as the best interests of the state. So Ray and his budget officer, State Comptroller Marvin R. Selden Jr., next Monday will plunge into the bienial two- week series of governor's hearings on requests from state agencies for funds for the 197173 state budgeting period. Selden has collected budget requests from all state agencies and compiled them for Hhe governor to study along with projections of expected revenues and possible alternatives to balance the budget. Selden says the total askings, which will not be released in detail until the hearings begin, are around $1 billion a year — almost double the current state budget of $527 million a year. But, he notes, department heads mostly are simply fulfilling their duties when they they prepare budgets, asking for what they truly feel they need to do the best job they can. And the whole idea of the budget hearings, Selden points out, is for the governor to get a detailed look at the requests so he can decide which programs need more money and which can remain ait their present funding level or be cut. At the pre-hearings stage, Selden says, "I can't get too excited about high askings." State law prohibits deficit spending. The governor by law must present a balanced budget to the legislature along with all proposed legislation, suoh as tax increases, need to put the budget plan into effect. Ray ran for his first term in 1968 on a pledge not to raise state taxes. He kept the promise, and was re-elected this month. He did not flatly promise during the eleotion campaign not to raise taxes this term—but he stressed his philosophy that government must live within its means, setting priorities and shifting available funds to meet them, raising taxes only as a last resort. Early this month, Selden presented to the governor a preliminary state budget for the 1971-73 biennium. Then came Ray's preliminary decisions on general matters suoh as whether to hold the line on salaries or how much to increase them, along with a preliminary de- Budget . . . See Page 2 1.
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