POUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY, AUGUST 2, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Glob* is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what It believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrt. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Water and Politics The drought in the northeastern part of the country is "the most intense in the history of that area," according to the re-cent report of President Johnson's ad hoc \Vater Resources Council. Conditions in the Delaware Basin are "particularly critical." Yet the governors of thai area attending the the National Governors Conference in Minneapolis failed to W-ach a decision on asking President Johnson to designate ihe affeeted states as composing * drought disaster area. A bill expanding federal assistance for control of water pollution has been approved by the U.S. Senate and House but has been held i<p for almost three months because of a dispute over state or federal determination of water quality standards. Short of immediate action four of the main reservoirs supplying New York City with water will be completely dry hv November. Six others will be severelv depleted. The city's water supply has been declining clailv for well on to two months. The svstem of late has been running close to 4f> per cent of capaeitv. Congress in 1961 approved a bill granting congressional sanction to an interstate compact that created a five-membci regional commission to administer the watet resources of the Delaware River Basin That body, representing New York, New jersey. Delaware, Pennsylvania, and the federal government, took historic action last fulv 7 in imposing sweeping restrictions on Hie use of water for an area with a population ol 20 million — backed up by fines of up to SI000 for each violation. The whole area is so dry as a result of a 44-month drought that Philadelphia had been warned salt water would reach its intake pipe on the Delaware by about Oct. 1. New York agreed 'to release enough water from its reservoirs to the basin to keep the salt water from leaching Philadelphia. The- rules on release of water were to be reviewed iu 30 days. The plight of the northeast is caused by nature — the unpvecedently long drought— and man-made pollution. Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York on July 27 admitted: "We, as a state, have had a tremendous volume of water and have been complacent about it and allowed this pollution which . . . is not primarily industrial pollution but is municipal pollution. It's just straight sewage coming out of the communities." The cause of the plight is also largely political. For example, the governor's recent failure to ask for federal help was in part because the current water shortage in parts of New Jersey has become a prime issue in the gubernatorial race. Moreover, until some resolution of the state-federal responsibility conflict is reached, progress will continue to be plodding at best. New York City is a classic example of political foot-dragging. After almost four years of dwindling water supplies, the city only in mid-July authorixed the American Machine and Foundry Company to build a $4 million nuclear-powered desalinization plant to con- \crt seawater into fresh. And only on July 22 did Mayor Robert F, Wagner, Jr. agree to study universal metering of water—at the same time admitting that meters tor everybody would save 150 million to 2,30 million gallons a clay. Landlords don't like meters-and landlords wield political influence. Steel This Week Look for any dropoff in steel demand following a labor settlement to be cushioned by users who have not built up strike hedge inventories due to the nature of their businesses, Steel magazine said today. Structural fabricators, for example, who supply the construction industry, can't risk buying sizes they might not be able to use. Bookings for September shipments of struc- tnrals and plates look as good as those for August looked a month ago. And the outlook will be good for months ahead because the industries that need them—such as construction, railroad car building. shipbuilding, and machinery making—are booming. Also, steel mills must rebuild their o w n stock of finished and semifinished products to meet brisk domestic and foreign competition in a buyers' market. Even with a decline in the steel production rate, steel consumption and business in general are expected to remain high. Consider the two top steel consumers: •The automobile industry will be plunging into high production rates on 1966 models, which are expected to sell about as well as the 1965 offerings. Passenger car output in calendar 1966 is forecast at S.5 million units, second only to the record S.8 million expected this year. •The construction is having its biggest year ever. Much of the steel necessary for consumption would come out of the record high inventories that metalworkiug companies have built up as a .'strike hedge. Orders from a major steel consumer—outside the automobile industry—will be confined to filling gaps caused by changes in job specifications. It plans to reduce its buying in the last four months of this year to 60 per cent of its usual rate. Steel production rates are heavy factors in industrial output indexes, so a production decline will make industrial activity look lower than it actually is. Production of steel for ingots and castings, although still high, is edging down. Last week, output was estimated at 2.590,000 net tons, equivalent to an annual rule of 134.7 million tons. This is the lowest level recorded so far this year. Production will continue near this pace this week. •• A marriage counselor can often umpire a makeup game. Nothing irks some women more than to catch their husbands relaxing in comfort. Fulbright Picks on a Little Fellow (Copyright 1M6, King r«atur«a Ijrnillcat*. tna.i By lohn Chamberlain If the gods on Olympus are still interested in the antics of the human race, they must be laughing themselves silly over Senator J. William Fulbright's recent fulminations against ''the nuisance activities of a minor viligante group . . which calls itself Young Americans for Freedom," This Young Americans for Freedom is an organization whose aims, in the past, have been commended by big people in both political parties. Barry Goldwater and Senator Mike Mansfield have both said nice things about YAF, and so has Ike Eisenhower. The Connecticut chapters of YAF helped roll up a big vote for Democratic Senator Tom Dodd last autumn, which prove something about the bipartisan nature of the group But YAF never ir its wildest dreams thought it had the ''"muscle" which Fulbright has ascribed to it. Well, it seems that last spring YAF, the mighty mouse, got after the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company for its expressed intention to sell a $50-million synthetic rubber plant to Ked Romania. In YAF's corner was the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, which had turned down the Romanians on a proposition similar to that which Firestone was offering the Red satellite. Both YAF and the Goodyear Company were motivated by a desire to back up Lyndon Johnson's Far Eastern foreign policy. It was the Goodyear contention tht Romania, as a self- proclaimed friend of Red China, could not be trusted to keep Goodyear and Firestone synthetic rubber manufacturing secrets or patents from being passed along to Peking, where they '•• :s tcould be used to bring about the bankruptcy of Malaysia's natural rubber plantations and ;'.' thus, indirectly, help Sukarno's Indonesia to v undermine the country that is back-to-back " with South Viet Nam. But now, it seems, the administration wants *' to help "build bridges" to Romania, and has ; ^instructed the State Department's George Ball ' "to look into Senator Fulbright's.charges that * the Young Americans for Freedom and the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company caused Firestone to call off its Romanian deal. YAF •nokesmcu are yuite understandably bitter at being caught in the middle as the administration's foreign policy crashes head on into itself while going around the world in two directions. But this is not the main reason why the gods on Olympus must be laughing. What is really funny about the whole business is that the Young Americans for Freedom were glorying in the fact that their attitude toward business deals with Romania is precisely that of the AFL-CIO. In their publication, the New Guard, the YAF boys had specifically pointed this out. They took their cut from the statement on east-west trade made by the AFL-CIO executive council at the Bal Harbour, Florida, convention on March 1, 1965. Specifically objecting to deals with Romania, the AFL-CIO noted that "Romania, which is supposed to be turning away from Moscow, has more political prisoners than any other satellite and lends aid and comfort to Peking." What YAF would like to know is why Sen- ctor Fulbright picks on it as "a minor vigilante group" while the AFL-CIO goes free. Is it, so the Yaffers ask, because the senator knows that the AFL-CIO President George Meany would not take kindly to being cast in the role of foreign policy mentor to "the radical right"? President Johnson, of course, may have his own subtle reasons for suddenly becoming inconsistent on the subject of a Romania whose politicos have just renewed their affirmations (if friendship with North Viet Nam, By asking the State Department to probe Fulbright's charges about the YAF-Goodyear interference with foreign policy, he could be wigwagging to Kosygin and Brezhnev that a synthetic rub; her plant and many other goodies like it might be forthcoming if only Moscow would change Us tune in the Vietnamese War. Such wigwagging would be in accord with the recent Averell Harriman "vacation" trip to Moscow. In case this is the LBJ motivation, Young Americans for Freedom and the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company have been cast in the role of sacrificial goats. But YAF still wants to know why the AFL-CFO executive council doesn't merit its own share of the goatdom. Dropouts The National Whirligig IKMMrad W MeClur* N«w>p»p«f By ANDREW TULLY j WASHINGTON — A hue and cry has been raised over the recent daytime raping of a Georgetown woman by three Negro youths, to which females in other, less fashionable districts of Washington can ask "So what else Is new?" Certainly not rape, which has become commonplace in the nation's capital along with other serious crime. But the attack on the wile of a State Department official as she walked her dogs at 9 o'clock In the morning in a Gorgetown park is news because that sort of thing is not supposed to happen in chic Georgetown. This is a sectl o n reserved for tenancy by t h e egghead-diplomatic com p 1 e x wealthy lobbyists and members of Congress and a sprinkling of shallow status seekers, and thus is presumed to be safe. Naturally, then, official d o m was appalled that crime should rear its head in his sacrosanct neighborhood. But as the cops were telling themselvs it couldn't happen there, they were greeted by a second victim, who reported she had been raped in a second-floor bedroom of her Georgetown home. o a a GREAT, CRIMELESS SOCIETY—NOW at last it appears that Washington will do somet h 1 n g about protecting its citizen r y. The President has told h i s cur In slum areas where such incidents are almost a way of life. ' ft ft ft EVERYBODY LIVES DANGEROUSLY — In my a p a r t- ment from building fashionable only a block Connectic u t Avenue and two blocks from Massachusetts Avenue's Embassy Row—women tenants won t go out alone after dark. Robberies and assaults occur frequently in parking lots in the area. A citizen who parks his car more than three blocks from his home in the nighttime is living dangerously. President Johnson has ordered the Crime Commission to study several broad areas of law enforcement, ranging from crime causes to the operations of the District's Juvenile Court. But he has not taken note of the chief obstacle to law enforcem e n t here—namely, the Mallory decision by the Supreme Court which has been Interpreted by courts as making it virtually impossible for police to interrogate a suspect prior to arraignment. -,i -ft -ft MALLORY RULE AIDS CRIME — Few suspects can be convicted if police arc not permitted to question them immediately after their apprehension, and U. S. Attorney David Acheson, who has to live with such facts of criminal life, has tried to give the cops a hand. He has ordered that suspects, after being Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Who cares about news of one of the most acute problems before the American people today — how to secure integration of the publ i c schools without ruining the economic life of the big cities of the United States? Should the people be informed that more and more citizens are bei n g forced into unemployment .as job opportunities in the large cities dwindle, and that the communities themselves are unable to collect in taxes on real estate enough money to provide good schools and teachers? Who wants to know what the crisis is today in the big cities- such as Chicago and New York and Boston and Cleveland and other communities — w h o se school superintendents are struggling sincerely and .valiantly to solve the problem, only to be mef by hostile demonstrations from so-called "civil rights" movements? For the truth Is that whites are running away from the northern cities even as the Negroes swarm Into these same communities in large migrations from the south, while year by year the birth rate of Negro children, as compared to whi t e, continups to rise. The movement from the cities to the suburbs was originally due 10 a desire to escape congestion. But now it has another cause—a desire to get away from racial slums and crime- ridden areas where policem e n who try to do their duty are charged with "brutality." How does one learn the facts about tnit tragic developm e n t? Just a few days ago, Benjamin C. Willis, who has been superintendent of public schools in Chicago for the last 12 years, came before the House Committee on Education and Labor at the capital here. In a 24-page statement, supplemented by char t s and maps, he presented some startling truths. What he said got scant attention in the press, ft ft ft Upon reading what Mr. Willis said, one woners how the stated objectives of the 1954 decision cf the Supreme Court of the United States—to assure Negroes of an opportunity to benefit by arsoclatlon with wh i t e children in the classrooms of public schools—is ever going to be accomplaished if housing and other problems are not solv e d and more whites move away to the suburbs. Mr. Willis revealed some ineradicable facts as follows: "In the period between 1950 and I960 the number of white children under five years of age residing in Chicago decreas e d by eight per cent or 22,643 children. During the same period of time non-white children und e r five years of age residing in Chicago increased by 141 per cent or 76,139 children. If these trends continue, it will become increasingly difficult to prov i d e integrated education of a meaningful sort." Mr. Willis furnished a number of maps showing how the school population in Chicago is distributed, and then added: "The data presented so far depict a city with a chang i n g population as to both race and education levels of adults. The city has widespread poverty, and it is losing population while its public-school enrollm e n t s soar Its Negroes dwell in segregated areas to a large extent, but the schools have foster e d integration which exists In the schools in many areas in the city. "Housing patterns, however pose p'-oblems in our efforts to proviae opportunities for inte- grated education for significant number? of children. . . . "In approximately one third of the city there is one Negro elementary pupil for 174 white pupils. In two thirds of the city there are two Negro elementary school pupils to each white pupil. Integration requires substantial numbers of white pupils as well as Negro pupils. This is not to say that we believe nothing more should be done to help changing neighborhoods to stabilize or to continue to experiment with procedures which will result in additional integration " it tt d Mr. Willis outlined the remedial measures that have been attempted—more teachers, special centers for* adult education, after-school classes, summ e r- school sessions, transfers on loan of experienced teachers, higher salaries and a variety of emergency measures. But he Indicated that the real barriers are on the economic side—the need for money that the taxpayers apparently cannot furnish. Seventy-two per cent of the school dollar comes from the property tax, which is still rising. Mr. Willis said: "It is my own feeling that lo- new District of Columbia Crime I fully warned of their rights, may. Commission to rattle its hocks be questioned for up to three hours. He is also preparing legislation for submission to Con- j and re P° rt to _ nim wlt . nin a on recommendations for making capital a model of efficient; gress this fall which would give law enforcement. The police! this procedure the force of law. department has been given morcj It is plain that in approving a money and new equipment and | Federal law of evidence, Con, „ A11U11V.V Cl LIU ilW >T V»VJW»|J»»*\.»il/ *** i v» ; i \_\-n.. * n « •«.*•• v. u .. —— ..— -., — — -. cal real estate cannot bear all of j a syste m of overtime payments gress did not intend that volun- the costs necessary and desir-; will put tne equlva i e nt of 250 ad- tary confessions be thrown out able for the operation of schools cops on the streets. Unfortunately, however, Wash"Nearly a billion dollars williington remains a city in which be needed by Chicago alone law-abiding citizens are n o t over the next 10 to 20 years to do what should be done. Chicago does not have that kind of money. Neither do the other large cities that share Chicago's problems. I refer to Chicago's school building needs of $800 million and current and annual budget needs in excess of $200 million beyond the present budget." This isn't a problem that's going to be solved by exhibitionists who engage in "lie-Ins" on the city streets or "sit-ins" at the city hall demanding that Mayor Daley of Chicago remove one of the most experienced school su-i safe on the streets or In their homes. Serious crimes in the city rose 12.4 per cent In fiscal 1965, and in June they Increasd by 26.3 per cent over June, 1964. Most of these crimes, especla^ ly the rape cases, go unreported in the press because they oc- merely because of a delay between arrest and arraign m c n t. The law was aimed, instead, at the old police practice of using force and intimidation to extract a confession. But thanks to the Mallory ruling, any rapist is assured that court will bar from evidence all admissions he made to poli c e, whether or not they were voluntary. Business Mirror By SAM DAVVSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — The perlntendents of a large city j United States goes on losing in the country. At least, Mr ' gold in spite of the much publi- Willls's testimony ought to be must reading for persons of all races who want to see some sensible solution of the integrati o n problem (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT , mur of protest arose. His re- MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (NEA) j mark on a national television show that he did not think his No more than two of the 17 Re-! appetite for the presidency publican governors assembl e di "particularly good" gave fresh at the governors' confere nee tone to his old image as t h e here appear to have any 1968 reluctant Hamlet of Harrisburg. presidential potential — and, Beyond these, the OOP gover- even that may be stretching it a little. The obvious top figure is M i c h i g a n's handsome Qov. George Romney. But when he nors' cupboard, though it contains such attractive types a s John Love of Colorado, Daniel Evans of Washington and John Chafee of Rhode Island, i s met the press he got himself so | really bare, snagged in - verbal underbrush \ The 1968 pickings are not that he did his cause no good, much better outside the gover- Already burdened with a re- nors' circle. The roster of 32 putatlon for sanctimony an d Republican senators offers one, lone wolfism, Romney can not Sen. Thomas Kuchel of Call- i dized balancing of its monetary give and take with other nations. In late spring the United States managed to get more dollars back from abroad than it sent overseas in trade or aid or loans. But this surplus in its balance of payments after years of deficit didn't stop a further drain In June and July of the U.S. Treasury's gold reserves. Why are American gold stocks still falling? Officials explain that the years of deficits in U.S. monetary dealings have left other nations with billions of dollars on hand. Some of it is still being used to buy gold from the U.S. Treasury to build up the reserves of foreign countries. Officials here hope this drain will) peter out. A more specific reason for the latest loss of gold, $75 million of it last week, is that the over-all plus in their own payments. They have been, and still are, short of dollars. Cutting back on private spending by U.S. business with them may make for an over-all surplus on the books, but it doesn't affect other nations with dollars to spare. Still another reason that the gold drain can't be written off yet lies in American •export-im- prospects. a balance Nations that of payments own and are port have surplus of their therefore not starved for U.S. dollars, have been giving Americans increased competition in world markets. Part of this has been due to the rising cost of production this year in American factories, and part has been due to the increasing efficiency of foreign producers as their prosperity has been translated into better equipment and newer products. To get more dollars back from overseas, Americans must export more. ,Some countries that most want American goods are short of dollars. Other na- afford to become stamped as a man destined to wander in the rhetorical wilderness. fornia, but he would draw attention only if he ran for and won the governorship of Cali- Gov. Mark Hatfield of Oregon, i fornia next year. almost certain to be a candi- i On many tongues is the name date for the U.S. Senate in 1968, j of Rep. John Lindsay, running made by far the most forceful impression this time, with precise comment on Viet Nam and federal-state relations. . His classic handicap is Oregon's tus, but one western governor says this need not be a total bar if Hatfield keeps on doing well. now for mayor of New York City. But he has to win, and then cut deep into New York's monutain of barnacle encrusted problems. payments surplus achieved UMions, notably In Western Eulate spring doesn't apply to all; rope, have dollars to spend but nations-the surplus.is just the, are threatening to raise high- averaging out of all transactor barriers against American tions. ! goods That is, one nation may have | turned in for eoM S3Ve C ° Uld be had to dip into some of its re-! serve dollars In its dealings with I the United States because it! bought more here than it goti from American buying or lend- — ing there. This helped Washing- 10 YEARS AGO— Tempe r a- ton in its effort to achieve a sur-1 tures: High 89, low 67 P lus - ;The Luther L.' Wright H'iRh At the same time, another, school ROTC unit received its Record of the Past small electoral vote sta- '< The 1960 nominee, Ri c h a r d raking in Nixon, just about completes the list: He is busy banking credit by making dozens of speeches for 1966 GOP congressional can- more Yankee dollars; ^ S^th ^ ^ " g Lip service still is paid to the' gessional candi dates. Gold- prospects of Gov. William Scranton of Pennsylvania, but his showing here seems in fact to have brought him to very low estate. ! When he canceled a press conference because he really had nothing to say, no loud mur- waterites and other conservatives often mention him favorably. « o a Nevertheless, some governors here think his name is being used now as a "safe harbor" while party leaders wait to see how Romney, Hatfield, Lindsay Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLood Ave., Ironwood. Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16, 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23, 1946.) _ j and one or two others perform in the next 18 months. "I think Dick has gone beyond his time." Though Nixon is no old s ter, this western governor t h i n ks the constant infusion of larger Second class postage wood, Michigan. paid at Iron- MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS » The Associated Press Is entitled ex- usively to the uae (or replication of all tha local, news print** In thts newspaper, as wall ae all AP n*wi dispatches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Inland Dallj< Press Association, Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Unrrail of Circulations. unmatched in Michigan ROTC units crew than it had to shell out. trend try would still have been in i terms of deficit. In that country dollars would be piling up that could be used to buy gold. Some European countries, notably France, have been running a surplus in their own balance of payments. They have plenty of dollars, new or old, to exchange for gold if they wish. France, for one, is on record as intending to turn any new surplus of dollars into gold. ,, ,—„. The American balance of pay-!" y " ntn . ne nas time to sail it ments surplus-, was achieved i? 0 Havfleld which will be its largely by the voluntary action ! nome berth. Although his boat and had a rough time and were forced to drop out of the recent Port Huron-to-Mackin a c yacht race, Dr. John Pierpont of Montreal, says he hopes to ' try again sometime." Dr. Pierpont returned home Sunday night after sailing his newly-acquired yacht, the Siskiwit, to Houghton, where he will leave it temporar- and larger numbers of young j lending abroad, people into voting ranks may of U.S. corporations and banks, under prodding from Washington, to cut back on spending and 20 YEARS AGO- Temperatures: High 83, low 61 . _ Although this growing seasoY has been a poor one for most of the _.__„ But of late much of American j local garden crops several laree one day soon make the former investment overseas has been in j heads of lettuce some me-isuriiiB vice president seem like an "old! countries that don't run a sur-: eight inches in diameter -ire party." The governor adds: | ! growing in the garden of' Leno "All of a sudden the o I'd e r| look for no newcomers to types may look to the y 6 u n g emerge in time to make head- folk like Homer Capehart (an way. aging Indiana senator beaten in There 1962)." A. Zadra, 625 Lake Avenue The Cubs defeated the Black Sox at Penokee field yester- is also considerable day by a score of 12-11. The from behind Subscription rales: By mall within > radius ol BO miles—per year, $12.DO; six months, $7.00; three months, $4.UO; one month $1.60. No mull subscriptions sold to towns and locations where cur- rier service is maintained. Elsewhere— per year, $21 00; si> months. Sll.OO; Ihrcr months. Sin.75; one month. SU.Ofl All mail .sub.serii,tions payable 'in ad- VHIKT. By ciirricr. $2(<.BO per year in advance; b> th« week, W cents. agreement that whoever g a ins Black Sox came Though George Romney will the prize will have to go the with four runs to tie the'luoi'e be 61 in 1968, his ruggedly youth- arduous, vote-getting primary at, 11-11 in the first of the s'-vt-nlh ful appearance and style make route. Little disposition exists at, but the rally stopped when Kos- hlm probably the only man this time to hand It to anyone! clelney struck out with a urin much beyond 50 who could get I who has merely proved him-1 on second. any serious consideration. Minnesota leader says: "We ought to keep our eye on Rninney pretty closely." The Republican govern o r s A ! self on the banquet trail. The governors are hunting for 1 Last published major work of winner more than just a warm- Jean Sibelius, fnmoi Finn i s h ly appreciated performer o f composer, was "Tapiola'' which party favors. i appeared in 1925. L.
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