75th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1965 $1.50 Per Month Ten Pages 10 Cents Communist Chinese reioice over second atomic TOKYO (UPD- Red China's second nuclear explosion inspired subdued rejoicing on tlie Chinese mainland today. It caused dismay elsewhere. An official New China News Agency broadcast from Peking announced that another atomic explosion had mushroomed over the remote western province of Sinkiang at 10 a.m. Friday (10 p.m. Thursday EDT). The news, carried by radio Peking's domestic service 10>u hours after the event, apparently failed to trigger the wild celebrations that followed the first test announcement last October. But there were widespread e.xpressions of concern elsewhere in the world. In Japan F86F jet fighter planes were or dered into the sky to begin sift-i ing the atmosphere for evidence! of radioactive fallout. | The new nuclear test was hailed in jubilant headlines ini the Peking morning nev.'spapers today, according to a New China broadcast monitored here. The official Peoples Daily^ proclaimed a great victory. It; claimed Red China's development of nuclear weapons was defensive in nature, and called again tor the total prohibition and destruction of nuclear stockpiles. A Western diplomat in Red China, interviewed by long distance telephone, told the UPl bureau in Hong Kong that the news was taken calmly ini Shanghai. I "All was quiet so far as \ could sec." said the diplomat,i who asked to remain unidenti-i tied. "Many people learned the| news from the morning papers." I There was more response ini the southern metropolis of Canton, according to reports reaching Hong Kong. '< Big Celebration The Canton Evening Post and N'anfang hit the streets with ex-; ira editions, and residents o[ the city poured into downtown^ parks for Hon dances and fire-| works, the reports said. i A Japanese newsman in Pe -i king - Rcizo Yamada of the! Kyodo news agency — reported that radio and television programs were interrupted to broadcast the ncw.s. He said the Peoples Daily printed an extra in red ink. "The Chinese people greeted ihe news of this successful dcl- Dnation of the second atomic device more calmly than the first lest last October,'' Yamada cabled. In Washington yesterday, a State Department spokesman said the test "came as no surprise." The spokesman said the Commlnist nuclear blast apparently was "a little larger" than 20 kilotons — the equivalent of 20.000 tons of TXT. Washington called Ihe test "deeply regrettable" and promised to protect non-Communist Asian nations from the threat of nuclear blackmail by Peking. HOSPITAL CONTRIBUTION - Lewis I. Pierce and W. O. Mulligan, at left, who have headed up Redlands Community Hospital building fund drive, were all smiles last night when Mayor Waldo F. Burroughs, right, mode a surprise announcement that the La-Z-Boy Choir Company, soon to establish a Redlands plant, has contributed SI 0,000 to the hospital expansion campaign. Burroughs disclosed the La-Z-Boy gift OS highlight of Chamber of Commerce annual meeting last night at the Redlands Country Club. Additional stories and photos on page five. (Daily Facts photo by Ron Kibby) Rusk confers with Gromyko U.S. orders half to f^omb'^^^^^ attacks on No. Viet Nam verdict in Cuba SAIGON fUPI) - Official American sources said today the United States has ordered a temporary cessation of bombing attacks against Communist North Viet Nam. There have been no raids for three days. The vicious ground war continued, however, and Communist guerrillas ambushed and destroyed an entire 12 - truck Vietnamese convoy today 50 miles northeast of Saigon. Two Americans were killed and four wounded Vietnamese were found but there was no indication as to the fate of the others in the convoy. The last raid against North Viet Nam was made between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. Wednesday when planes hit five bridges within a 45-mile radius of the coastal city of Thanh Hoa. The last three • day pause came March 16 - 18, apparently because of weather. Premiers Okays Halt Official sources said Ihe decision to halt the raids temporarily was shared by Vietnamese Premier Phan H u y Quat and other interested government officials. U. S. Ambassador Maxwell D. Taylor called on Quat early in the w^eek to discuss plans to halt Ihe raids, the sources said. American Air Force and Navy officials were later informed that all planned raids against the north were to be stopped following the Navy's Wednesday strike against t h e Thanh Hoa bridges. At the same time both Navy and .Air Force officials were ordered to carry out extensive aerial reconnaissance in order to assess the damage so far inflicted by almost 100 days of continual bombing raids against | military targets. Official spokesman for both the U.S. military and U.S. Embassy declined comment on the report. They would not acknowledge that anything other than tactical considerations had influenced the decision not to bomb the north for the past three days. Reduce Pressure The report sparked immediate speculation in this war- troubled capital that President Johnson had ordered the halt in order to give the North Vietnamese Communist regime an opportunity to accept his offer of unconditional discussions without appearing to do so under pressure of .American' bombs. ' Official sources noted that! the halt coincided wiih the Presidcnl's renewed bid for peace talks in a nationally tele-' vised speech before a gathering of Ainerican editorial cartoonists. There was some speculation Washington might have put out feelers through its embassy in Warsaw where American officials maintain unofficial contact with the Communists Chinese and North Vietnamese governments. To Assess Damage A minority of American officials here felt the halt was ordered only so Washington could take stock of the damage thus far inflicted and decide where it would be best to launch even more attacks. They noted the continued reconnaissance flights. An American military spokesman said Ihe 12-truck convoy was five miles from its destination of Din Quan when it was attacked at 10:30 a.m. In attacking the convoy, Ihe Reds ignored a Buddhist appeal foi- a 24-hour cease-fire today in honor of Buddha's 2,509th birthday. Heavy gunfire breaks out again in Santo Dommgo Weather Redlands Today < 11 a.m. Reading) Highest 83, Lowest 49 One Year Ago Highest 85, Lowest 47 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:47 a.ni. — 7:44 p.m. San Bernardino valley: Jlost- ly sunny today and Sunday but some patchy early morning fog. Warmer today with highs 74 to 78. Lows tonight 46 to 30. U.S. Weather Bureau Southern California: i\iost!y sunny today and Sunday but low clouds and fog along coast tonight and Sunday morning. Warmer west portion today and slightly warmer mountain and desert regions Sunday. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ending at 4 a.m. High Low Precip. Boston 59 45 Chicago 79 59 T, Denver 56 46 .38 Des Moines 78 65 Fairbanks 46 29 Fort Worth 72 67 .27 Helena 61 36 .29 Honolulu 79 65 1.65 Kansas City 85 67 Las Vegas 78 60 Los Angeles 67 54 Minneapolis 69 55 .53 New York 74 52 Omaha 76 62 .30 Palm Springs 86 68 Sacramento 86 57 Salt Lake City 69 43 .01 San Francisco 61 5(1 Seattle 5S 46 Washington 73 51 S.ANTO DOMINGO (UPD— Heavy firing broke the precarious cease - fire in Santo Domingo during the night and again today. At least one .American paratrooper w a s wounded by rebels in hit - run attacks against American positions. During the night gunfire sounded along (he banks of the Ozama River where U.S. paratroopers shot it out with Dominican rebels. Authoritative sources said the paratroopers replied with at least 12 rounds from 106 millimeter ;four inch) rccoilless rifles. A U.S. military briefing officer said there were at least 41 violations of the truce during the night and today as compared with 35 the day before. The violations usually consist of rebel sniper fire which is answered by .'inierican fire. Russians hint mistiming coused hit MOSCOW (UPI)-A top Soviet scientist hinted Friday night that mistimed firing of retrorockets caused the failure of Russia's attempt Tuesday to "soft-land" a rocket on the moon, it was reported today. The official Tass agency quoted a statement by Mastislav Keldysh, president of the Soviet .Academy of Science, indicating that the I'/i-ton Luna V moon probe was intended to land gently on the moon, scan its surface and telecast pictures back to earth. .Although it did not achieve this goal, Keldysh said the probe accomplished many "important experimental tasks."' He indicated that the project was part of Russia's effort to perfect techniques for the landing of a man on Ihe moon. The spokesman said that the Americans on guard duty along ihe defense perimter were "out there like sitting ducks" with the rebels ducking in and out to open fire on them. At least 20 U. S. servicemen have been killed and about 90 wounded in Santo Domingo, most of them by rebel snipers. Flashes Visible From the sound of Friday night's firing and the flashes visible from the Hotel Embaja- ior on the western outskirts of Santo Domingo, it appeared that light artillery or bazookas and 50 caHber machine guns were in use as well as rifles. The firing lasted about an hour. Troops of the 82nd U. S. Airborne Division hold the ea.st bank of the Ozama River, on the eastern edge of Santo Domingo, and the rebels hold the rt-est bank. Towering grain elevators at :hc Dominican flour mills on the cast bank provide an observation post from which the paratroopers can see much of the rebel - held pocket across ;he river. No Confirmation One Latin .American source said Friday night's shooting started when government troops at the flour mills opened fire on rebel - held government buildings. No confirmation could be obtained for this report. U. S. military sources said Friday the rebels have intensified their attacks on U. S, installations here. A spokesman said two paratroopers were wounded in 35 rebel attacks Thursday, approximately doubling the number of daily attacks averaged over the past two weeks. Rebel forces also w-ere reported using heavy 81 mm (3 inch) mortars against U. S. troops for the first time. (In Washington, the State De partment said the situation is "dangerous.") HAY .ANA (UPl) —Thirly-four Bapli:-! missionaries, two of them Americans, will learn i next week whether they have been convicted of a series of charges including espionage. The pro.secution demanded terms of from 9 to 30 years in prison for the defendants. The defendants in the 13-hour trial which opened Friday included the Rev. Herbert Caudill, 61, of Clinchport, Va.. and', his son-in-law, the Rev. James David File. 31, of Fort Worth, Texas. The other defendants were Cuban, three of them women. Since the prosecution did not ask for the death penalty the revolutionary tribunal has until next Wednesday or Thursday to pronounce the verdict and the sentences. The prosecutor first asked a sentence of 30 years for Caudill who headed the 9.000 member Western Cuban Baptist Convention and has been in the island! for .35 years. Friday night he lowered his demand to 10 years' because of CaudiU's age. i The group was charged with! a series of offenses ranging | from illegal currency transac -j tions to thai of coilecling mili-| lary and economic information for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Caudill admitted some illegal currency exchange but denied the other charges. The chief charges against File arc those of illegal currency operations and the prosecution demanded an 18 year sentence. The defendants were part of a group of 53 Baptists arrested last .-^pril and charged with being "Bible-packing Central Intelligence .Agency (CIA) men." Only 34 were placed on trial, however, and it was assumed the other 19 had been released. .About 300 relatives and friends of the accused plus two Swiss diplomats were present during the trial. Switzerland has; represented U. S. interests in! Cuba since Premier Fidel Castro and Washington severed diplomatic relations. Frances Perkins; dead at 83 NEW YORK (UPD -Frances Pel-kins, 83, who as the na-| lion's first woman cabinet: member led the U.S. Labor De-! i partment through the hectic j New Deal era, died here Friday night. I Miss Perkins went to Washington in 1933 as Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretary of labor. She resigned in 1945 after holding the top labor post longer j than any other person in history. Miss Perkins entered a hospital two weeks ago for a routine examination. While there she suffered a stroke. .At the time of her death, Hiss Perkins was lecturer at the New York state School of Industrial Relations at Cornell i University. She did not stray from the, public eye after leaving the La-| bor Department. Former Pres- j ident Harry S Truman appoint' ed her to the Civil Service Commission in 1946, an assignment she held until 1953. in f lenna VIENNA (UPD—Soviet Foreign Minister .Andrei A. Gromyko joined Secretary of State I Dean Rusk today in hailing the, j idea of peaceful settlement of I ' world problems. ; , The two men spoke at a cere-i mony marking the 10th anniver-' •sary of the treaty which reunit-! ied Austria after World War II—i one of the few postward examples of East-West agrccmcnl. Rusk has been trying, so far: without apparent success, to ar -j range private talks with Gro-' myko on the prospects fur a negotiated settlement of the crisis in Southeast .Asia. "The signing of the Austrian state treaty proved that if all parlies show a realistic attitude and a readiness to look after each other's interests, even the most complicated problem can be solved peacefully in Europe," Gromyko told the audience in the Belvedere Palace Hall where the pact was signed. "This is what the Soviet Union always wanted and will continue to do." A few minutes earlier. Rusk had repeated President J o h n- son's statement that Americans welcome those "ready to seek sincerely after peace." Before Rusk went into the hall, reliable sources said he had not "as yet'' been able to arrange the private talk he sought with Gromyko here. In addition to Rusk and Gromyko, British Foreign Secretary Michael Slewart and French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville were attending Ihe ceremonies here. Their predecessors in office hammered out the Austrian treaty. Europeans concerned at Wirtz being China's second 'A' test \ asked for 1,000 more Braceros LONDON (UPD —European .lewspapers expressed concern today over Communist China's second atomic test. Official comment was scant and limited largely to warnings Df the dangers to peace involved in the spread of nuclear vvcapons. .Ml responsible statesmen dis- :ounled the Red Chinese an- Muncemcnt' that Peking intend- 3d no aggression and developed 'he weapon solely for defense against U. S. "Imperialist" aims. The Times of London predicted that the new Red test would • increase pressure on India to develop its own bomb. "If India is forced to become .he sixth nuclear power, the prospects of restraining the doz- ?n or more other countries who :an explode their way into the rliib (develop atomic weapons) I will be much reduced," the i rimes said. "The longer the I Viet Nam war goes on, then worse the prospects will get," In Italy, Premier Aldo Moro said China's second test "seems ;o be inspired by a militant expansionist policy and by an underestimation of the nuclear risk." The Milan newspaper II Giorno expressed the opinion of European military leaders that "it will be years before China achieves nuclear armament capable of competing with that ol the real atomic powers: The United Stales and Russia." The Rome newspaper II Mcs- jaggern cited Mao Tze-tung's "fearful estimate" lhal China would remain a major power oven if 400 million Chinese died i in the war he considers "in- :vitablc." Johnson hits press on lack of Viet Nam news By MERRIMAN SMITH UPl White House Reporter WASHINGTON (UPD—Presi dent Johnson feels that the press has n o t been paying enough attention to peaceful U.S. achievements in Viet Nam. The President took an opportunity Friday to deliver some good-natured but pointed gibes at news coverage of the nation's Southeast .-^sia policies. ! His comments on the press came during informal remarks to a delegation from the .American .-\ssociation of School .Administrators. .•\ number of reporters and photographers were present at the White House session. Not Exclusive John.son. telling the educators that "the Great Society is not an exclusive club for .Americans only," said that since 1954. the United States had aided South Viet Nam to double rice production, increase pig production and put five times as many children in school. "We are doing a lot besides (shooting) bullets and dropping bombs, but you do not read about these things," Johnson said, waving his hand at the newsmen, "It is awfully hard to get them printed." Just the day before, the President's references to t h e same achievements in a speech broadcast by television and radio had been widely printed in newspapers. XB70 gains Defense Dept. interest PALMDALE (UPl) - North American, which showed its No. I XB7n triplcsonic jel for the first lime yeslerday, says its once-controversial biUion-dollar program is gaining interest in ihe defense department. Perhaps the wierdest looking aircraft in the world, the .XB70 was intended to be a long-range bomber until defense secretary Robert McNaraara shifted Ihe jmphasis from bombers to missiles. The number of XB70s to be constructed was lowered from a still-classified figure, to 12, and to the present number of two. Its purpose now is to provide data for future supersonic aircraft. But with the successful advances in testing toward its maximum capabiUty of flying 2,000 miles an hour (three times the speed of sound) at 70.000 feet, "the tempo of interest is increasing," said Gary Stroh, general manager of the XB70 program. The data obtained from the high-sped, high-altitude flights is bringing Ihe day of the super sonic airliner closer, possibly the early 1970s. Boeing and Lockliced are in contention for the awarding nf that contract. Avalanche roars down mountain in Germany G..\RM!SCH - PARTENKIRCH- EN, Germany (UPD—A massive avalanche roared down Germany's highest mountain, the Zugspitze, today and buried an unlaiown number of persons, mountain rangers reported. The avalanche of melting snow and ice smashed over the terrace of the Schneeferner- haus. a well-known resort hotel, and swept with it "several" sunbathing tourists, a mountain ranger spokesman said. Unconfirmed reports in this nearby Alpine town placed the number of persons buried by the avalanche as high as 30. Mountain rangers. Bavarian police. West German army mountain troops and Red Cross workers rushed to the hotel and were trying to reach \ictims believed under the masses of snow. The sunbathers swept off the terrace were carried about 150 yards down the side of the Zugspitze with the snow, the spokesman said. S.ACRAMENTO (UPD— U.S. Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz is being asked to approve the use of nearly 1.000 more Mexican braceros in California agriculture. State Employment Director .Albert B. Tieburg Friday night endorsed a request for 949 bra ceros for the melon harvest of Rivcr.'iide County in anticipation of a labor shortage in June. The petition, by BIyllic Cirow- ers. Inc.. was forwarded to Wirtz for ccnsideratinn. Tieburg said Ihe advance request was in accord with Wirtz' Criteria, which include the requirement that growers assess their labor needs and request foreign labor 30 days ahead of expected actual need. "We shall continue the same all-out recruitment of domestic labor that has been under way all year, but every present indication is that we also shall need supplementary foreign labor for the melon harvest," the director said. Since the bracero program expired on Dec. 31, Wirtz has approved the use of 1.003 braceros in the Salinas Valley strawberry and vegetable harvests and 500 in the San Joaquin Valley asparagus harvest. None, however, has yet arrived in the stale. On Tuesday. Tieburg endorsefl a requesi for 2.150 additional braceros for use in the Salinas Valley. Wirtz was still studying that petition. Wrong way Darrell S.AN JOSE, Calif. (UPl) Five-year-old Darrell Hernandez got separated from his grandmother while they were shopping Friday, and being a resourceful young fellow, he de- I cidcd to walk the few blocks to \ his home. Four hours later, he was brought to the Sunnyvale police station by a teen-age girl who i found him walking determinedly along a street — 10 miles in Ihe opposite direction from his home. McNamara waits for Congress in reserve merger W.ASniNGTON (UPD — Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara, bowing to pressure, announced today he will await congressional approval before going ahead with his controversial plan to merge the Organized Army Reserves into an expanded National Guard. McNamara had intended lo put the plan into effect July 1 without seeking Ihe consent of the House and Senate. But in a joint news conference with Rep. F. Edward Ile- bcrl, D-La.. a strong congressional critic on the issue. Mc- .\amara said he let Congress pass on legislation to carry out certain aspects of tlie merger. The Defense Department will delay implementing the plan until Congress acts, the cabiniit member said. Fabulous no cost vacation Credit card no good for parking meters, movies Mayor passes NAUG.ATUCK, Conn. (UPD— Thomas Rowley. 44, elected mayor of Naugatuck 11 days ago, died of a heart attack Fri- dav. SAN FR.ANCISCO (UPD — A: pretty San Francisco secretary! ended a "fabulous" month-long! California vacation yesterday without spending a cent. But she surely put a lot of wear and tear on a credit card. I Miss Ann Foley, a 25-year-old j blonde, was hired to find the, weaknesses of the credit card system. None of serious consequences was apparent, as shei ran up 51,500 in bills during the 30-day test. She found credit cards take! care of items like wigs, vaca-: tions to Los Angeles, having a tooth filled, groceries, bikinis.: and tickets to baseball games, j She stayed at the best motels- (to avoid rent), ate at "mar-: velous" restaurants, and trav-1 eled first class around the state. Miss Foley, originally from Watertown, S. D., got her expense-free month by answering a blind classified ad sponsored by a "leading financial! firm" (ihe Bank of .America.) i "I Ihought it sounded like 'j fun, so I applied," said Miss' Foley, whose magic purse! snapped shut promptly at mid-i night. Today she returned to her job and the mundane task task of paying rent and facing; credit card bills at the end of; the month, like everyone else. ' Incidentally, Miss Foley did not find the credit card completely infallible. Vending machines, parking meters, pay telephones and toll bridges posed problems, "but you could get around those with a little thought," she said. The young adventures had a brilliant thought when she wanted to see a movie, but she couldn't quite make it around that problem. "The only way I could figure lo do that was fly to New York and see one on the plane," she said. "But the bank asked me to stay within 'reasonable' limits—and nobody believed that would be exactly reasonable."
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