Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 16, 1948 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, July 16, 1948
Page:
Page 8
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FARM, JULY, 1948 Meat Supply Situation to Get Worse By ROBERT E. GEIGER Washington — Meat experts say America's meat situation still must get worse before it gets better. They say the explanation is simple. "In the past year we have "^aten up our cattle and calves at a record rate," says Berryman R. Hurt of the bureau of agricultural economics (BAE) of the U. S. department of agriculture. "Heavy slaughter speeded the decline in the number of cattle on farms. The decline has been under way since 1944." This means so many breeding animals have been slaughtered that beef, herds can't be increased quickly. And this in turn means less meat. The experts say that if the downward trend in cattle numbers was stopped this year the slaughter would have to be limited to 30,000,00 animals. This would cut the beef supply by one-sixth compared with 1947. Pork supplies might be boosted to make up for the short supply of beef. But the price of corn was so high last fall that many farmers found it more profitable or more desirable to sell off their hogs instead.of raising pigs and fattening them with corn. Thus the 1948 spring pig crop was a small one. If meat production patterns fellow their usual course it may be 1954 before there is a substantial upturn in the beef sup- If the corn crop is a bumper one, the pig crop could be increased next year and thus there would be more pork by 1950, but the number of stock sheep on farms is the lowest in 80 years, so the prospect for more lamb and mutton isn't bright. The BAE now estimates there will be about 10 per cent less meat this year than in 1947 This is a reduction of about 2,000,000,- «flO pounds of beef, pork and mutton. In 1947 about 155 pounds were available for each person. » This year it is estimated the supply will range between 143 and 145 pounds. The cattle population runs in a cycle. Usually it's from 6 to 8 vears between the peaks and trie lows. This has been the marketing pattern for years. A prewar low point was reached in 1938 when the number of cattle and calves totaled 65,200,000. A peak was reached in 1945. There were then 85,600,000 cattle and calves on U. S. farms, an all time W During 1945 and 1946 the slaughter was so heavy that cattle numbers declined. By the end of 1946 they were down to 81,head. Now they number 78,500,000, lowest since 1942. If the cycle follows its usual course it will reach a low about 195051 and then start upward. But the beef supply won't climb back up to today's level until around 1954 if the cycle behaves in the normal way. Demand for meat is above normal. More people are eating more meat. Another factor complicating the average man's outlook for more meat is this: U. S. population is on the increase. This means livestock production in future years will have to war level to provide as much meat for each person. The U. S. now has about 13,000,000 more persons than at the start of the war. be substantially above the pre- NO WAGE CUT SEEN Domestic demand for farm products will be good as long as we keep most of our labor force at work, says Francis Kutish, Iowa . State college economist. We are not likely to see any sharp cut in wages in the near future. Milk Cows Need Shade fro Produce Dairy cows need shade during hot weather if they are to hold in production and keep the milk or cream check fat, says Floyd Arnold, extension dairyman at Iowa State college. Arnold says milk cows get mighty uncomfortable when the thermometer goes above 80 degrees. On hot days a cow actually does extra work in an effort to keep cool. As a result milk production goes down. The best place for shade is near the water tank or on a high spot in -the pasture where cows usually congregate, Arnold says. A few poles for framing a shed, woven wire to make a roof and straw or tree branches for covering are all that is needed. 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