The Weather below. AUSTIN DAILY HERALD t r/-\ir *-«*#•*»***»* — . » ^^* Demos I red at Spending Proposals VOL. CXXXVI Consensus Is Too Little Money for Missiles, Defense WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower outlined his spending plans to congressional leaders today. And the reaction from some top Democrats was: Too little for defense and missiles. Eisenhower reportedly told them fhat defense spending in the new fiscal year, beginning July 1, would be about $40,900,000,000—an increase -of roughly 100 million dollars from the current year. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Senate Democratic leader, was one of those who indicated he wasn't satisfied. Didn't Observe "I think it appropriate to say I didn't observe any substantial increase in the military field, and I was rather disappointed that we are not going farther faster with the missile program," Johnson said. Johnson, in addition to being the Democratic leader, is chairman of the Senate Space Committee. The President's military spending figure was reported to newsmen by Sen. Alexander Wiley (R- Wis.). The congressmen spent 2V4 hours with the President. Set Out Plans Kiseuhower will formally set out liis spending plans in his budget! message. Sen. Everett Dirksen 'R-I11) said this will go to Congress on Jan. 19. Dirksen said tha administration presented a timetable for "a speedup in every field of rocked ry," including getting a manned rocket to the moon, House Speaker Sam Rayburn 'D-Texas) told newsmen only that ha would listen to the President's State of the Union message and his budget proposals, and then decide what to do. Seek Increase Johnson said the administration plans to seek a substantial increase in foreign aid funds. On that, he differed with Wiley who told newsmen it was his understanding mutual security spending would be about the same as this year—about $3,700,000,000. Johnson said Eisenhower plans to request, in the general foreign aid field, additional money for the International Monetary Fund, for the Export-Import Bank, and for the World Bank. Rep. George Manon (D-Tex) i chairman of the House Subcommittee on Defense Appropriations, said Sunday he thinks Eisenhower will suggest about 42 billion dollars and added: "I don't think that will be too much. It could -be too little. The emphasis should be on advanced weapons projects. I want to be sure that no advanced weapons projects are sacrificed for purely monetary reasons." But all military spending plans will get "the most thorough sifting," he said, in an effort to improve defense programs and make ,»»** *»«*•»**•*•*•» «».»*.**• *~ *~ LUNIK ORBIT AUSTIN, MINN,, MONDAY, JANUARY 5,1959 SINGLE COPY — HOW "LUNIK" WOULD ORBIT THE SUN—Arrows and solid line mark how the Russian cosmic rocket may orbit the sun like earth and other planets. First arrow along rocket's projected orbital MARTIAL LAW path shows its approximate location now —well past the moon. Russians estimated elliptical orbit of Lunik would have a maximum diameter of 214 million miles (AP Photofax diagram) 16 Pages A"" marTwaY armfej for drawing his bank, account fivt times, Sound* as If h* lack* balance. Board Charts Course for Reapportionment Urrutia Nearing Havana but Castro Not There Yet HAVANA (AP) — Havana province was proclaimed under martial law temporarily today pending the arrival of Provisional President Manuel Urrutia. Urrutia was reported already in the province, but his arrival in the city itself apparently was being delayed while revolutionary groups straighten out jurisdiction over the presidential palace. Earlier today Urrutia was erroneously reported to have arrived by plane at Havana's International Airport for a triumphal entry into the city. Leisurely Approve The revolutionary leader, Fidel Castro, who rooted President Fulgencio Batista from power on New Year's Day and proclaimed Urrutia the provisional executive, was making a leisurely but victorious approach to the capital through the eastern provinces. Tens of thousands in cities, towns and villages turned out to cheer wildly as Castro and his motorized columns made their way from the Oriente province center of their rebellion which overthrew the dictatorships of Fulgenico Batista last week. Progress Slow The progress was slow: Cama- guey, 300 miles from Havana, Sunday night; tonight, Santa Clara, scene of the decisive defeat which forced Batista to flee, 140 miles further along the march; Tuesday, Matanzas, 50 miles from the capital. Castro and his men were expected in the capital Wednesday afternoon for one of t h e greatest welcomes in Cuban history. In a prelude, Manuel Urrutia, named provisional president by Castro, was flying from Santiago cuts where possible. Although Republican leaders have indicated they expect to support the President's efforts to head off inflation by limiting government spending, there was some uneasiness on the GOP side about the defense totals. Sen. John Sherman Cooper, candidate of a GOP liberal group for party floor leader, said Congress lias its own responsibility to determine the amounts needed for defense. He said Eisenhower's word is not necessarily final on' 1 P- Ml tliis score. • j2 P. M. The GOP insurgents were not in-' 3 Pl M ' eluded among the members invit-l!? P> M ' fid to today's sessions. None of! 3 . P ' M< them holds any party leadership! post or sufficient seniority on the!, tliree committees to rate such an, 4 invitation. )• A ' M Eisenhower's plans in the for-'-" A> Mt Weather Official U. S. Readings from THE HERALD Weather Site on Roof of Fire Station: High previous 24 hours — 27. Low previous 24 hours —- -22. Reading at 8:30 a.m. — -17. General weather — Clear. Temperatures Recorded ut THE HERALD Building: SUNDAY , 2 | 7 P. M 2 de Cuba this morning to take the central government reins in Havana. A big welcome was arranged for him, with government offices closed so employes could participate. General Strike Ended The people of Havana awaited Castro with full stomachs for the first time since the collapse of the Batista government and the dictator's pre-dawn flight to Ciudad Trujillo. The rebel chieftain, now com- ' mander in chief of Cuba's armed forces, ordered an end to the paralyzing general strike which had closed the nation's stores, business and industries and tied up transport and communications. He had said he would call off the strike when he was convinced Havana was safely in the hands of his men. There were still some scattered CUBA (Continued on page J) Liberal Era in California Is Pledged State Chief Brawn Plans Emphasis on Social Progress SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Edmund G. Brown, California's second Democratic governor in this century, pledged in his inaugural address today to guide the state toward a new era of responsible liberalism. Brown, 53-year-old former attorney general, proposed a program which puts heavy emphasis on civil rights nnd social progress. Indicating that he would ask for new taxes. Brown said "our bleak legacy is a 100-milHon-dollnr deficit.' 1 Before Joint Session The 3,300-word speech by tlie San Francisco lawyer who defeated Republican Sen. William F. Knowland in the November election, was for delivery before a joint session of the newly con- j-vened Legislature following inauguration ceremonies. j Brown, succeeding Republican | Goodwin J. Knight, called first for j laws to prohibit job discrimination | by employers or labor unions. Increase Social Insurance He also proposed a consumers' advocate to protect the buying public; legislation to safeguard union members from corruption; increases in social insurance and public welfare; and a minimum wage of $1.25 an hour. Discussing what he called the o state's responsibility toward the!headlong dash toward a solar or-! Results of VaVo" transmissions. RECORDING SIGNALS FROM 'LUNIK' — Constan- tm Malchev, left, and Eugenin Sobolevski, employes of Russian post ministry in Moscow, record signals received from Soviet cosmic rocket "Lunik'' today. Machine in foreground is a tape recorder. Tass, official Soviet news agency, said the missile — now well past tha moon — would enter its orbit around the sun Wednesday or Thursday. (AP Photofax via radio from Frankfurt) NO HOLDS BARRED NO SCHOOL BUSES TODAY — A solid line of pickets blocks an attempt by supervisors of the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway to get school buses to their routes in Brockton, Mass., today. Regular drivers and mechanics' struck 62-HOUR FLIGHT the transportation company last Nov. 17 seeking increased pay. Bus line normally operates regular passenger routes in 80 communities as well as some school routes. (AP Photofax) Radio Signals Stop as Red Rocket Soars Toward Sun «J?°^. ( ^-,-?* e -^ viet "f-| i . t .? assed . the ««« Sunday at a close again for another two c _ ion's cosmic rocket continued Its distance of 4,700 miles. sick, needy and unemployed, Brown said: "I reject the outdated notion that concern for these people is not the business of government." . bit today in man's greatest con- ( between the rocket and ground' quest of space. [stations will be published as soon! Its radio signals ceased as the! as they are analyzed, Tass said. IH-ton device—now called Mech- ta (dream)—went past an estimnt- Brown led hii party to its great- ed 370,960 miles in its plunge away est election triumph in state his-! from the earth. It had then been tory. California Democrats won all I flight 62 hours. n but one state office, captured control of both houses of the Legislature for the first time in 69 years, gained a U.S. senator and tliree congressmen. Ash Is Blamed for Fatal Blaze MCKINLEY, Minn. (AP) - A deputy coroner said today that a fire, which caused the death of an elderly McKinley man, may have started from a hot ash that fell from the victim's pipe. John Pedri Sr., 66, died of smoke inhalation in his home here Sunday. Dr. David A. Sher of Virginia, deputy St. Louis County coroner, said a smoldering blaze apparently started in a couch. Pedri was a heavy pipe smoker, and Dr. Sher theorized an ash may have fallen on the couch and started the fire. Pedri's body was found by his son, John Jr., who lives next door. The younger man saw smoke coining from his father's home. * 15 DEAD Resources for feeding the radio equipment had become exhausted, Observations The 02 hours of radio communication enabled observations to be made of the rocket's movements, and on the work of the scientific instruments aboard. The actual number of days that the Soviet news agency Tass said. wil1 De required for the solar orbit "The program of observations''* 111 b * * 47 ' scien "sts said. This and scientific investigations of the IS 82 more than u takes the enrth rocket has been completed," an announcement said. This predicted the rocket willj finally enter an orbit around the sun Wednesday or Thursday. Mechta is due to take 15 months to ,go around the sun, traveling elllptically. The Russians calculate this orbit -would have a maximum diameter of 214V« million miles. The to go around the sun. Dr. G. M. Clemence, scientific director of the U. S. Naval Observatory in Washington, said that some time in March or February the earth will pass between the rocket and the sun, Elliptical Orbit The earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun, the same as the rocket will have, but it is tighter. It takes the earth only - million miles, The sun averages 93 million miles from earth. Lunik to Mechta The name Mechta was applied to the rocket today by Pravda the Communist party newspaper. When it was announced last Saturday that the rocket was headed toward the moon, it was called earth's orbit to the sun is about 9114 million miles, the farthest 94% million miles. The earth is now traveling away from the sun, having reached its closest point Jan. 1. When the Soviet rocket starts away from the sun, it will swing away faster than the earth, and T ., .... , |..,.»j .u.jvt.1 titan me cui'Lii, 8I1U Lunik a combination of Luna then the earth will pass between (moon) and Sputmk. the r0c ket and the sun. . Scientists here figured that itj The earth and the rocket will was travelling at a maximum be several hundred thousands miles speed of 1.52 miles a second when apart and they will not be that three centuries. Pull Is Le»« As the rocket moved further into space, the gravitational pull of the moon and the earth was lessening and the pull of the sun's gravity was increasing. Soviet newspapers Sunday were filled with comments on the performance and predictions of new space ventures. But there were no further details on the rocket it. self, its launching site or power Mention Space Ship On a Moscow radio broadcast Prof. Boris Kukarkin, deputy chairman of the Soviet Astronomical Council, mentioned the possibility of a space ship soaring outside the entire solar system. The area he was talking about ROCKET (Continued on Page I) Asks State Act Soon on Issue ST. PAUL (AP)—An amendment to the state Consti- , tution to solve Minnesota's 47-year-old legislative reapportionment problem was proposed today by a 27-member citizen-legislator committee, which pointed out that there has been no changes in the setup since 1913. The Constitution contemplates that district lines be redrawn after each federal census in order to maintain equality of representation as population grows and shifts, but no Legislature sine* 1913 has been able to agree on a specific plan. Stumbling Block In recent years a principal stumbling block has been tht requirement now in the Constitution that both Senate and Houw districts b«' set up on a population basis. The commission proposed that an amendment be tubmitted to a vote at the 1980 general elec- tton which would: Limit the Legislature to its present ilzo — 67 senators and 131 representative!. Provide that one honse be apportioned strictly on • population basis, the other on a modi- fled population basis. Compel reapportionment after each federal census, by a commission ot district judges it the Legislature failed to act. The commission, composed of nine senators, nine representatives and nine other citizens, was appointed by Gov. Freeman more than a year ago. Mrs. Sanley D. Kane of Golden Valley and Philip S. Duff Jr. of Red Wing wert co-chairmen. Difference of Opinion A majority of the committee, 17, felt that the Senate should b» districted on a strict population, the House on a modified population. LEGISLATURE (Continued on Page J) Massive Cold Blast Continues Sweep Across Most of Nation By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Most of the nation was enveloped in the season's coldest weather today. A massive blast of icy air, which was spawned in the arctic IKE (Continued on Page 2) 4 A. M. 5 A. M. 6 A. M. 8 P. M. 9 P. M. 10 P. M. 11 P. M. 12 P. M. MONDAY ..-21 7 A. M. I 8 A. M. i 9 A. M. ; 10 A. M. U A. M. 12 Noon . 4 4 4 3 . -3 . -3 . -4 -5 •8 i Mikoyan on Vacation and Ready for Talk Berlin situation would figure in (he talks. Vroman Baby Named First in Austin Area , 6 By WARUEN ROGERS Jr. .5! WASHINGTON Ufl — Old bol .3 shevik Anastas I. Mikoyan, insist Si ing he is just on vacation, set up been 101 a no-holds-barred talk about the'came here in KiSti. when he was ^cold war with Secretary of State so impressed with ice cream and' Dulles today. j the automat that he introduced The 63-year-old Soviet first dep-,both ideas to Russia. This time region and moved into the northern Rockies with the new year, continued its slow but steady sweep south and eastward across Texas p anhancl i e the country. By early morning the frigid air, powered by brisk northerly winds, reached the Atlantic 'and Gulf Coast areas. Winds from 20 to 35 in.p.h. whipped tlie cold air from the lower Great Lakes region For Mikoyan so far the trip has: southward to the Virginias and "America revisited.' He eastward to New England. Industry was hit in Texas and) Oklahoma had its coldest Colorado. Natural gas consump-1 weather in 12 years over the week- tion was curtailed to several cities i end and not much relief was rein Texas, including Dallas and i ported today. One of the lowest ir, j Fort Worth, because of heavier j readings was -19 at Guymon and - than normal domestic demands for , Oklahoma City's -4 was the cold- Cold In Rockifg Bitter cold clung to wide areas tne fuel - est since Jan. 4, 1947. Temperatures clropj>e<.i to 25 de- Temperatures moderated in tlie grees below zero Sunday in the ! Rocky Mountain states after the coldest weather in 25 years. It was below zero in Denver for 41 consecutive hours. The coldest spots Sunday were Big Piney, in remote westera Wyoming, and Hibbing, in the northern Minnesota iron range district. The mercury plunged to -43 in both communities. The subzero pattern held the line throughout the Midwest and By THK ASSOCIATED PRESS lo west readings of tlie season were er READY TO BEGIN JAIL SENTENCE — Newspap columnist Marie Torre looks through barred windows ot press room at Federal Courthouse in New York today prior to surrendering to begin serving a 10-day iail sentence rather than disclose a news source. PROTECTS SOURCE State Feels Cold; Hibbing Has Minus 36 in the midcontinent and sections 1 Tlle ^"iS cold wave that ^ported in many cities. of the Rockies. 10-Day Jail Sentence Begins for Columnist NEW YORK (AP)-Newspaper columnist Marie Torre surrendered today to begin serving a 10- ntv nrpinie,- flouj intr> MQ,,. v^ L. v,« i •. j i ,. , u * luc w<-*«3- •""'-" •""" i"«- •""<««»c»i over me —••-» nv.e gciiciauy ciear in c!vC»v »nri H « H• ^ i g /*/ t ab ° Ul cell °P ha " e -< The cold and snow was blamed week ™d «nt temperatures into ™*t of the cold belt but snow w?JS,n y * t0 » Wrapped ^hnuts, motels, park- for at least ]5 dealhs M ^ sub wro leve , s throughout Minne-. Covered the ground across most Washington. At New York's airport, he stu- es. diously ignored a group of Hun- | ing meters and rental automobil-; three persons were found frozen sota Sund ay night. Hibbing record-; of fhe Midwest and Rockies. <%i^i^:^^ i.ii»«jii* T *r ' —. *^ •*-•»*%., — a—» —--- — .. »* w »** Auui, iuutu ucuuc uui uuriiiK nis in Iran in to Mr. and Mrs. Larry Vro-;P,ggly Wiggly, Fantles, Glasgow; yelled "murderer" and "Comma.' drive from New York to Washing- ghw v ,607'^ Lansing, by Austin mer-l Cleaners, Hagen's Window Fash-inist dog" at him. But a larger ton and an unscheduled two-hour chants as a welcome to heir son,; ions, Austin Bakery, Hardy's Paint Contingent waited in vain at the walk around WasninTt ' I fiomas. the first Official hnnv nf anr? Wai 1nana»* mf«oi«-i-.. »*_L-i Cn^rint IT XT .— :_-:„- i j___, _ man ton streets, '• Farmers in Florida as far south ^™H::^;« Jan. 2 at St. Olaf Hospital. He: Rn« p v^.™*' «..• -r^""I.!''.._ *!??***, ,. ' wlu b .e h »PPy to talk about any «forecast. Southeast Florida h as ^r; 10 d ^ees below the normal maxi-"f_!.l\! n .^" 1Jthe Midwest, the j Rose Room Restaurant, The! Today, however, som^T of t h e' ^1^'ii ilSS: '''^^ ^^^^V^^lZ Terp, Marigold Dairy, Mildred's, I same determined picketers ar- 1 lin Deluding Ber- |in 5um ,ner-like chmes, with an-i 1 ™" i Larry Haltoai Buick-Pontiac, Kres- ranged to march with placards: Dulle. sa v« -Th. „„,„„., . ^ e f day of TOKlegree weather in ] ° 14 moved into the Northwest over the ' skies *'ere generally clear in i day J 8 ^ sentence rather than disclose a news source. Miss Torre, 34 and mother of two young children writes a syndicated television and radio column for the New York Herald Tribune. She appeared before U.S. Dist. Judg« Sylvester J. Ryan'and was remanded to custody of a marshal 10:03 a.m. Lead to Legislation "I have great hope that this action will lead to legislation which jto death. Others died from over- ed tt!e nation's lowest reading 1 Six inches of fresh snow fell at Willing to Talk 'exertion while shoveling snow and wilh a niinus 36 degrees early to-! Boonville . N.Y., near Lake Ontar- ' ly. ' io. making a total of some 32 inch- Some slight relief is expected '. es on the 8 rouncl - More than three through midweek with a moderat- '. lnches fel1 at Bui fak> and Syra- *<uinci» in r luriaa as lar soutl) . " , ,. cuse NY as Ocala, in the northcentral re- !ng trend P redicted - Th * ^tewide ; 'he wV- ii the Vromans' third child.' Prizes include' things for the, ^arry najtoai Buick-Pontiac, Kres- ranged to march with placards Dulles savs "The initiative is -^ ie !o e r!!; «Sf Un F " ight ^ ales ' Wold's! outside the State Department,: his." Mikoyan says he would be * Finns participating in the con-^a^a^^S X/ n^w^s^ ** ^^', f—d to talk to P ,-eMdent E.sen-' M o,t of the Deep South braced!^ a. International • ' ' ^,,u,< wni(* Lh M? .. o, , hower ^ ^e Prcsicm 1m time, for below freezing weather. Bemidji, 1C below ,Diugs,WolU : J^f^r,"* 8 ^ |The WhU ' H ° USe Sa> ' S U " up to! Schools cloied in *"»< Te«.!Fall, and 12 below Paitmcnt o/ficiaU Indicated the j Mikoyan to esk. communities. ! M d St. Cloud Soulb Bracn *w uv^iwva utAV« UJC UU1 LUCU UmXI- I,.' i , ' mums of 16 to 24 and minimums f^f ******* drops during the past 24 hours were in the East,,,, , .. • ern section of the country. Read- Other low readings aromid Ihe.ing, were 10 to 25 degrees lower ! state this morning included 2fi be- than 24 hours earlier from the M™ a » intPrnatinn,,! Falls and eastern Gulf Coast northward .' at Redwood through the upper Ohio Valley tp v at Rochester, the lower Great Lake*, midAtlan- tic states and New England. will prptect newsman's sources," she told reporters as she arrived at the courthouse. Ryan had found Miss Torre 1 contempt for refusing to disclose the source of a story she wrote in 1957 concerning movit star Judy Garland. Ryan has said that th« coluni- again may be adjudged in contempt—even afer completing her sentence—if she persists in refusing to identify the Columbia Broadcasting System executivi she quoted anonymously in refer* ence to Miss Garland in a column that appeared in the Herald Tribune Jan. 10, 1957. .. In it, Mis» Torre quoted an executive of CBS in criticism of Miss Garland. The entertainer filed a <1,3U3,- 333 libel suit against CBS. Neither Miss Torre nor tha Hsraldp Tribuns was named as a defendant. Ryan adjudged Miss T«>r» ia contempt last November, The Her- Tribune appealed the case t« the U.S. Court of Appeals, upheld the conviction. The ca$» • then went to tae U. S. Suprewf» Court, but thai tribunal d*eliae4 to review it. '
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