The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 4, 1933 · Page 1
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, February 4, 1933
Page 1
Start Free Trial

LAST EDItlON LAST EDITION COMPICTC ASSOCIATED fRES* LtASCD WIHt THE ORKAT NEWSPAPER OF THE SOUTHERN SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY FULL AMD tXOLUStVI UNITED PRESS REPORT • VOL. XLII 12 PAGES BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1933 TWO SECTIONS No. 162 STUDENTS DIE IN KERN CRASH BANK BANDIT GETS $4360 ASSOCIATES FACE ATTACK Movement Against Rolph Still of Preparatory Character SEHLMEYER FIRM AGAINST EXECUTIVE Meantime, Opponents of Proposal, Increase in Number LATE BULLETINS SACRAMENTO, Feb. 4. (A...P.) Oeorg* H. Sehtmeyer, master of the California State Orange, said late today the evocutlve committee of his organization will not decide finally en Its'move to recall Governor Rolph until sentiment In •outhern California haa been determined. (United Prenn Leaned Wire) LATE BULLETIN SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 4. (U. P.)—A pending attempt-to recall Governor James Rolph wae delayed, white efforts were made late today to obtain approval of the State Orange's executive committee. . Reports of the delay gave rise to 'rumors that the recall movement may be abandoned; that the grange and the Rolph t administration may reach a com. premise. (Associated Prenn Leaned Wire) S ACRAMENTO, Feb. 4.—The campaign to recall Governor Rolph thus far Identified with George Sehlnieyer, master of the state grange, and his'executive committee, threatened today to backfire into a move for the recall of Sehl- meyer. Yreka members of the agrl- culjtural organization said they were preparing a petition proposing Sehlmeyer's recall -and that 'the document will be circulated for-signatures of grange members. Sehlmeyer Adamant .Meanwhile Sehlmeyer was to go to Los Angeles today to confer with portions friendly to the recall movement. • He said that when he returned Monday .he expected everything would be "ready to go," meaning arrangements would be completed for circulation of 10,000 copies of the petition seeking to •oust the governor. The recall movement Is still In the preparatory stage. Sehlmeyer announced earlier this week he expected to have copies of the petition In circulation by Friday, yesterday. He .conferred with friends In San Fran, Cisco yesterday and declined to cont- (Contlnueil on Page Two) Houston Successor to Chas. P. Curran (Antedated Prenn Leaned Wire) POMONA. Feb. 4.—Clyde B. Houston of San Marino was named president of the Los Angeles County Fair Association today. Houston, for many years a member of the board of directors, will fill the vacancy left by the death of Charles P. Curran, who pasied away two weeks ago. Phil J. Curran. son of the late as- Boclatloh president, was appointed a elector. The annual report of Secretary C. B.' Afflerbaugh said the fair here last yenr was the only one In .the United States to show a profit for 1932. THE WEATHER San Francisco 'bay region—Fair and mild tonight and Sunday. Moderate east and northeast winds. Northern California—Fair tonight and Sunday. Local frost tonight. Moderate north and northeast wind offshore. Sierra Nevada—Fair and continued cold tonight and Sunday. Moderate northeast and east winds. . Sacramento, Santa Clara and San Joaquln valleys—Fair tonight and Sunday, Local frost tonight Gentle changeable winds. -" Southern California — Fair and mild tonight and Sunday, Fresh east and northeast winds off chore. COMMENT BY WILL ROGERS SANTA MONICA, F«t>. 4.—(To the Editor of The Bakerifleld Call- fornlan:)—The League of Nation* don't know whether to klek Japan out or Japan don't know whether to k|ek the League out. They are both equally 'dleguated 'with eaeh ether. The League a* conceived It a wonderful Idea and It works on email nation*, but the minute a big one want* to "gobble up" aome- thing, then they eay the League I* Interfering. Japan wante a "Monroe Doctrine" now with them play- Ing the part of Monroe, doctoring on China. Not only "doctoring" but operating. Yourt, WILL ROGERS. PROBE OF INSULL TOEJffl T)H Claimed Fugitive, Associates Deliberately Planned Receiverships (United Prenn Leaned Wire) CHICAGO. TW4:— Investigation of the Intricate and collapsed Instill utility empire was pressed along new channels today, with charges that Samuel Insult and associate bankers deliberately planned receivership of his widespread holdings. An argument over selection of a 'trustee In bankruptcy precipitated the reopened Inquiry. ' • . Federal Judge Carpenter set. February 14 as date for hearing. of allegations that Calvlp Fentress, selected and then disqualified as trustee, Is associated with banks which are defendants In suits growing -out of the Insull Utility Investments, Inc., collapse. The matter came to- the court'* attention on presentation of a petition for reverial of a decision by Qarfleld Charles, referee In bankruptcy, who disqualified Fen- treii. Hit deelilon wa« bated on a belief that through Fentrett' own concern of Baker, Fentrett A Cox, lie wae linked with New York bankari. Counter claims held that Charles had shown' bias when he disqualified Fentress. Fentress was disqualified at a, stormy session of creditors, at which threats and Insults were hurled by opposing counsel. Samuel Kttleson, former corporation counsel, made the allegations that Insull nnd associates planned the receiverships. He contended that Pentress was closely associated with Interested hankers, Including the Bankers' Trust Company. Kttleson said that several prominent bank presidents would be subpoenaed for the February 14 session. TO SI JAPANESE IRE (Vnited Prenn Leaned Wire) GENEVA, Feb. 4,— Likelihood of Japan's withdrawal from the League of Nations Increased today when the league's committee of 19 decided the latest Instructions from Toklo to the Japanese delegation did not constitute sufficient grounds to reattempt conciliation of the Manchurtnn dispute. The league was thus expected to proceed with recommendations for settlement of the dispute, which Japan will Ignore. Japan's withdrawal will then depend on the nature of the report on the Manchurlan situation to be made by the league assembly. - • «•» Two Counterfeiters Receive Probation (United Preni Leaned Wire) SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 4.— Two youths who confessed to counterfeiting charges, were granted five years' probation today by Federal Judge Harold Louderback, against the recommendation of Captain Thomas Foster of the secret service. .They are Ixnils T, Huybor and Hugh Ttourne, • who operated In northern California towns. Bourne- said he would return to Chlco, where a job .awaits him. " O|L DIVIDEND OMITTED NEpV YORK, Feb. 4. (A. P.)— Ohio OH Company hits omitted the dividend due at this time on the common •took. Three months ago 10 cents was paid. The regular quarterly dividend of fl.50 on the preferred stock was declared. * Sergeant-at-Arms Likely to Suffer Additional Punishment VETERAN SERVITOR STANDS SUSPENDED Article in New Outlook Concerning Bribes Roils Lawgivers (Annodated P,renn Leaned Wire) W ASHINGTON, F«b. 4.—The Senate's 73-year-old sergeant-alarms, David; S. Barry, was under suspension today -7- suspended for writing a magazine... article ..Accusing some members of Congress of accepting bribes. He was removed from his familiar chair next to the Senate's presiding officer after a public trial in that historic chamber. Final judgment will be passed next Tuesday. Unutual Scene In one of the most unusual scenes In Congressional history, Barry was called before the Senate bar yesterday. He acknowledged writing the article, admitted he had no evidence, but asserted his Ijcllef that his article was true. Chairman Morris called a meeting of the Senate Judiciary committee for Monday to consider 'whether further action should be taken against Barry. Norrls, who lost, 40 to 31, a motion to remove Barry Immediately, said he had written the suspended officer to be present Monday In event the committee decides to take evidence. -Hearings to Be Public Should the committee decide to hear testimony, the chairman said, It would be In the open. "I don't want to take any testimony behind closed doors," Norrls asserted. The lines In Barry's article which stirred the senatorial tempest-were: Wordt That Rolled "Contrary, perhaps, .to the popular belief, there are not many crooks In Congress, that Is, -out and out grafters, or those who are willing to .be such; there are not many senators or representatives who sell their vote for money, and It is pretty well known who those few are." By a vote of 40 to 31 the Senate refused summarily to discharge Barry. • On that moral Issue the Senate divided almost exactly on political lines. Three Republicans—Brookhart, Norrls and Nye—voted with the'Democrats to'fire (Continued on Page Two) PICCARD MAY ASCEND OVER TEXAS (Annoclated Prenn Leaned Wire) NBW YORK, Feb. '4.—Sylvcstre Dorian, companion of Professor August I'lcciird,, stratosphere explorer, who came to this country with him, said today that Plccard may attempt his first ascent on this continent . over Mexico near the Texas border. "Certain Information In Professor Plccard's possession," Dorian said, "would make It appear advantageous for him to attempt a flight over Mexico. However, he Is awaiting to familiarize himself with all available atmospheric data before making a decision." Dorian suld the professor has not abandoned his. plan to make an ascension from a point In northern Canada. $90,000,000 Crop Loan Bill Is Law (Associated Prenn Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON, Feb. 4.—President Hoover today signed the bill providing 190,000,000 for crop production loans to farmers this year. At the White House It was said the President had received a report on the bill today from the department of agriculture and he approved It within a short time after a visit from Secretary Hyde. The measure, as finally approved by Congress, was a compromise between the bill nuthorlilng 175,000,000 paused by the House and one vailing for more than $100,000,000 approved by the Senate. •• ALLOTMENT IS CALLED SOUND (A»nociated Prenn Leaned Wire) . WASHINGTON, Feb. 4—A for. mer Democratic aieletant aeere- tary of agriculture told a Senate committee today that the domes- tie allotment farm bill paaeed by the House wae sound and teemed to have enough political backing to become a law. . ejarl Vrooman, of •loomlngton, Illinois, who served In the agriculture department under President Wilson, testified In support of the bill after Thomas Y. Wlekham, chairman of the grain committee on national affairs, had opposed It. Wlekham asserted It would fall to raise farm prices. Vrooman observed that the bill "seems to have the approval of the .Incoming administration" and of a majority of the farm organisa- tions. U. S. LAWMAKERS DEFEA1PAYCUT House Rejects Bill to Slash —Salaries to $7500 Year;—^ Costly Funeral Hit (United Prcnn Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON. .Feb. 4. — The House today overwhelmingly refused to approve'a policy of further Congressional paycuts. By a vote of 172 to 37, It rejected the Whlttlngton amendment to the legislative appropriations bill which ' would have reduced senatorial salaries to $7500 annually. Earlier a .proposal to cut to J5000 was defeated. Whlttlngton had Intended to offer a similar amendment to the section of the bill dealing with pay of representatives. However, the failure to pass the first proposal was accepted as meaning the quick defeat of similar amendments. Representative J. R. Mitchell, Democrat, . Tennessee, author of the pending anti-nepotism bill, said he Intended to offer his measure as an amendment to the legislative appropriation bill. He would forbid any senator or congressman to employ , a relative or the relative of another member. • • Nepotltm Sturdy Several previous attempts have been made to deal with nepotism but with no results. A yenr ago a move In this direction by Representative Mouser, Republican, Ohio, was voted down two to one. Members have generally sought to avoid debate on the subject, -though finally the House without debate voted to open the pay rolls to pubic Inspection. Nepotism has never been allowed to come up In Senate debate at nil. The House appropriations subcommittee has moved to curtail expensive congressional funerals. It recommends restricting funeral delegations to fptir. The government paid for 80 roundtrlp fares to Cincinnati for the funeral of the late Speaker Longworth at a cost of more than 18000. 17500 Coffins Caskets which have cost ns much ns J7BOO are now being limited by House authorities to |400 and flowers to 135. House officials have revealed that they are under heavy pressure to «4(Continued on Page Two) ' Fi IS CALLED BY DEATH (AntoHatfd Prenn Leaned Wire) DETROIT, Feb. 4.— James ("Big Jim") Sprott, most of whose life was spent In police work, first as a constable In Lelth, Scotland, and eventually as superintendent of the Detroit police department, died In Harper Hospital this morning. Six feet six Inches In his stocking feet nnd "hard a.s nails," the gigantic Scotsman was one of the best-known police officials In the United States. He retired about three years ago. He was born In Lelth, Scotland, December 10, One of the most popular anecdotes of Sprott' s police career had to do with the time he either dragged or carried the great John L. Sullivan out of the bar of the old Russell House In Detroit. ' . SAVES 12,000,000 WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. (A. P.)— The Senate trimmed $2,000,000 out of the 1940,000,000 In the treasury-post office supply bill today and forbade the acquisition of additional *lte> for public buildings. •;• Officer Hurt Attempting to Capture Suspect in Fresno EX-CONVICT BEING QUESTIONED HERE Trio of Victims Locked in Safe Has Close Call, Death LATE BULLETIN While searching among box ear* en the Southern pacific Company siding this afternoon, Officer C. C. Meyers of the Bakersfleld Police Department .•'found the ,41iea|lber —revolver taken bV- a* gunman-yea.'>' terday during a holdup of the First National Bank In East Bak- ersfleld, and a few minutes later Investigators found the' cap and the coat worn by the desperado. The discovery bolstered the belief of police that the bandit fled toward another state aboard a freight' train and disguised as a hobo. The evidence was turned over to Assistant Chief of Police A. Thompson, SWEEPING search of the San ^ Joaquln valley was under way today for the lone gunman who herded three employes of the East Bakersfleld branch of the first National Bank Into a vault, late yesterday, and escaped with $4360.05 In cash and a .41-callber Colt revolver kept in the establishment. Harry Elliott, whom police describe as a "three-time loser," was In the Kern county jail today, held In connection with the holdup but on the technical charge of "suspicion of felony." He was taken Into custody at midnight In Delano'by Constable W. H, Osborn. Lieutenant O. Q. Heckman and Officer Robert Knight, the latter two of the Bakersfleld police department. Elliott, according to the officers, fits the description of the gunman. He was to be questioned at length during the day. According to officers, he served a sentence In San Quentln for conviction on a bad check charge In San Diego, and Inter a sentence In Folsom for a grand th«ft conviction hero, and once In an Iowa prison on a federal charge conviction. Several Held Police of every city, notified of the hold holdup, set traps along highways, In railroad yards and even* watched airports closely, and reports from other cities Indicate that several men are being held for questioning, and It was expected that the lone suspect In jail here would be joined by several other arrests later In the day. George Guntcr, mariager of the branch hank, and his fellow worker, Chris Archuleta, and Joo Martin, a bunk messenger, were the trio locked In the vault by the bandit. Several weeks ago the bank was held up by two bandits, and Manager Ounter believes that yesterday's unwelcome visitor Is one of the first bandit pair. The bandit, unmasked, walked Into the bank at 2:68 p. m. yesterday, two minutes before the doors would have been locked for the day. The three employes were finishing the details of their dally routine. They looked up Into the barrel of the bandit's automatic and were quietly told, "Well, we'll adjourn to the vault, now." They followed Instructions. Takes Nickel Inside the vault, the bandit stuffed his pockets with currency lying In money boxes, then backed out. "You can't leave us In here," Manager Qunter protested, "there's not enough air to keep us alive." "Don't worry, I'll take care of that!" the bandit told him as he reached for the nickel Included In the list of the (Continued on Page Two) •-** Chiumenkow Attack Repelled by Japan (Antndated Prenn Leased Wire) CHINCHOW, Manchuria. Feb. 4,— The Japanese military headquarters hare reported Its garrison at Chiumen- kow, In the Great Wall of China, repulsed the fifth Chinese attack In eight days, after three hours of desperate fighting early today. Heavy Chinese losses were reported. State to Take Over Maintenance of Kern County Labor Camp T HE state of California will take over the maintenance and administration .of the work camp hero at the fairgrounds and will put It under the administration of Ranger Harold Bowhay, head of the state forestry department In this county, It was Icnrncd on good authority today. - Under this plan the state will use money loaned It by the federal government to .maintain the camp which will bo organized along similar linos to those now In effect. Thu state In thl« camp will supply bcd.s, bedding, food and In some Instances clothing. While It Is reported that Ranger Bowhay will be the administrative head of the camp, the same arrangements In effect.' there now • will be In order "with the county supplying transportation when work Is done here In the county with the available labor. When the change IB made from county to state administration has not yet been definitely reported, but It was Iearne4 today that Mr. Bowhay and county officials have been In conference concerning the change and ihnt-"lt-: will - probably- bo effected within a very short while. .This will relieve, to a certain extent, county funds for other relief work badly needed here. CHARGE AGAINST GUY ISJPEATED Mrs. WanderwelPs Story of Mutiny on High Seas Is Heard by Jury By VINCENT MAHONEY (Unltrd Prenn Leaned Wlrr) LONG BEACH. Feb. 4.—Trial of Wlfllam James (Curley) Cluy was In recess today until Monday, wlien Mrs. Aloha Wandorwell was scheduled to renew her accusations that the young Welsh adventurer sought revenge against her late husband, Captain Walter Wanderwell, whom Guy Is acn cused of killing. The crowded courtroom was hushed as the blonde young widow told a story of mutiny on the high seas and a later attack on Wnnderwell. who was shot to denth aboard his anchored schooner, Carma, on the night of December 5. Major part of yesterday's session was devoted to taking the Jury of nine men and three women to the scene of the killing. The Jurors walked the creaking, wcatherbeaten decks of the Carma, now In dry dock undergoing repairs at Fish harbor, and then were taken to the Pacific and Orient docks where the. former rum runner was moored on the night of the murder. Visit Death Ship The' Jurors poked about the A«ed vessel, scanning the forward cabin where .Wanderwell was shot as he stood with his back turned to the assassin. They peered curiously through a screened porthole In an after-cabin where four members of the Carmtt'M commonwealth crew were seated when a stranger looked Insldn and asked for Wnnderwell. At Guy's preliminary hearing, three of them Identified the young Welshman as the stranger who (Continued on Page Kleven) ROOSEVELT LEAVES FLORIDA ON YACHT {Antedated Preni Leaned Wlrr) i JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Feb. 4. — Waving a farewell from the ciuarter- deck, President-elect Roosevelt put out to the open seas today aboard the Astor yacht Nourmahal for a 10-day fishing cruise. The spacious white yacht glided away at 10:05. Surrounded by the Intimate personal friends accompanying him, Mr. Roosevelt answered a last cheer from the people of Jacksonville with u wave of the hat. Before departing ho disclosed plans to call In a Congressional 'committee during the forthcoming British debt negotiations to discuss the progress of the conversation*. Fully prepared for -the debts talk at the very outset of his administration a month hence, he made It clear ho regards the actual negotiation an executive function and will go ahead In that way. Tragedy Abroad in Pastoral Land Longfellow Loved -<*> (Annofldted Prenn Leaned Wire) MORGAN CITY, La., Feb. 4.— A bullet from the dark chopped short the career of Billy Mule, Jr., accused of strong-arm bootlegging In the peaceful "Land of Evangellne.". The bullet killed him In the street within sight of several hundred persons. The unseen killer escaped. Police said he carried on a big liquor buslnsss over the Teche countryside, Immortalized In Longfellow's poem. He was under $1000 bond In connection with what officers called a hijacking raid In which one man was killed. HOUSE MAY YET JOfEON SILVER Purpose Would Be to Obtain Reaction of Country to Proposal fAnnoclated Prenn^Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON, Feb. 4.—Despite agreement that the present Congress IB not going to pass a silver remone- tliatlon bill, members of the House coinage committee today seriously discussed trying for a House vote to obtain the country's reaction for the benefit of the new administration. . Discussion of the question cropped out ns Representative Shallenborgcr, Democrat, Nebraska, explained to the committee his own hill to establish a 16-to-l ratio between gold and silver, and to permit free rolnngu of silver. "We all know," Sliallenbcrger said, "that this Congress Is not going to pass this 16-to-l bill." "Do you think the House would pass n limited silver bill this session?" asked Fleslnger, Democrat, Ohio. * "You might pottlblye get It through the Houte but I don't know how the Senate would receive It, and I don't think the Pretldent would tlgn It," Shallenberger answered. "But don't you think that with a new administration coming In we might bring It up and got the country Interested?" "Klrst, you have got to get u bill that the new administration will agree upon, nnd that might bo a little- difficult," Shallenborger said. "Well, I simply thought that the Incoming president might like to see the reaction of the country!" Fleslnger pursued. Reprqsnntatlvo Dies, Democrat. Texas, also urged this point to which Shallenberger agreed but ho hesitated to make any prediction as to the House approval. DALADIER SAVED BY (Annndated Prenn Leaned Wire) PAIHH, Feb. 4. — Premier ICclouard Diilndler, having a substantial endorsement from the Chamber of Deputies, proceeded spoeillly today to carry out his plans for balancing the budget. Thanks to the toleration of the Socialists and the vigorous support of former Premier Kdouurci Her- rlot, Daladler was able to go ahead. A rallying speech by Herrlot, who was overthrown on the debts Issue early In December, caused the strongest Impression during debate preceding the 370 to 200 vote of confidence last night, particularly on the Center parties. Many deputies Interpreted It as n step toward a left and center coalition, without the Socialists. The three cabinets of the past eight months — those of Herriot, I'aul-Hnncour, anil Daladter — were supported by u left bloc Including mainly the Hurtlcul Socialists and Socialists. WILL OBSERVE ZONING LAWS LOS ANUEL&S, Feb. 4. (U. P.)— Southern California planning commissioners will adhere to u uniform observance of cooing laws and property development regulations for at least six months. It was revealed today after 30 commissioners had adjourned their semi-annual meeting. MEET TOT Reedley Junior College Debating Stars Are Tragedy Victims WERE EN ROUTE TO HOME PROM MATCH Vehicle Hits Truck and Overturns; Bodies Are Cremated TJEATON BRIGSTOKE, 18, and f*" 1 Roger Colgny, 18, students of the Reedley Junior College, who came to Bakerafleld last night to debate against pupils in the Bakersfleld Junior College, were cremated last night In their automobile while they were en route home, .when the vehicle collided with a truck on Golden State highway 20 miles north of Bakersflold. The collision occurred at 10:20 p. n>. Morris Madlck, of 12G6 West Sixty- sixth street, Los Angeles, driver of thu truck, and his relief driver, Sol D. Adler, of 200- North Do Soto street, Los Angeles, were not Injured. The automobile carrying the two boys struck the rear of the truck, overturned and burned, and the two occupants were trapped within the machine. 'The boys debated against the local team during the afternoon, and stayed to witness a basketball game during the evening, played between their school and the junior college here. May Have Slept Traffic officials exonerated Madlck and his companion of blame. The truck, according to Officer Paul Mc- Cuno of the California Highway Patrol, made tracks on the highway which Indicated It was on the proper side of the highway. He believes that the driver of the automobile had fallen asleep nml\n1lowed the car to drift to the wrong side of the thoroughfare. • Hours weroNrequlred to Identify the two trafrlc victims. Officers had only the machine's license plates as a medium to luarn the names of the occupants. Highway headquarters at Sacramento was notified and reported that the machine was registered to Gabriel Oolgny of Orange Cove. Colgny hurried to Bakersfleld, with his wife, nnd Identified the son's remains, Officials then learned that the Brlgstoko (Continued on Page Two) •»» Ex-Judge Detained on Mann-Act Count (Vnltrd Pros Leaned Wire) LOS A NOBLES, Feb. 4.—Milton A. Trapp, 43, former justice of the peace In Clayton, Wash,, was In custody of federal authorities today, charged with violating the Mann act. Agents seized the suspect In a suburban house nnd accused him of fleeing the Washington city In company with Mrs. Snnih L. Link, 40, The agents sold Mrs. Link, who was released after questioning, was the wife of nn employe who worked for Trapp In a pottery plant. ADVERTISERS'INDEX BAKERSFIELD FAIRGROUNDS BAKERSFIELD MEMORIAL PARK, BEARD8LEY DANCE • OOTHBY.SPILLMAN TABERNACLE... CANADAY'8 PAVILION COCONUT GROVE EL TEJON DRUG COMPANY FOX CALIFORNIA FOX THEATER ;. OOODNIOHT. DR HOTEL EL TEJON KARPE. A. H.. IMPLEMENT HOUSE.... KIMBALL a STONE LA GRANADA BALLROOM NILE THEATER PANAMA DANCE PHILLIPS MUSIC COMPANY PLETCHER. OR RAINBOW GARDENS READER'S JEWELERS. REX THEATER ;• . RIALTO THEATER ROOSEVELT CLUB TOM'S TROPICAL INN TRIBDLC GLASS COMPANY VAN METER, DR.... VIRGINIA THEATU WICKERSHAM COMPANY WITHAM 4 SOOT*:.

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free