^DailijJournal to »/i» OPINION PAGE TUESDAY, MAY 21, 1974 Editorials written by James Gray *od Charlrs Underwood Editorial Comment, Rep. DeGroat explains no-fault insurance Some thoughts and comments on the SLA The Symbionese Liberation Army lost its first and only major battle. If not dead, as a result of losing six of its leaders in last Friday's Shootout and house fire, the organization is at least mortally wounded. But then, the SLA was never destined to win. Disaster was written all over the militant group. It chose violence as the means to implement its revolutionary ideas, and this course could end only in a reaction of violence. It was just a question of time — when and where. The tiny band of terrorists includes a motley assortment of human beings. Well-educated white women springing from comfortable backgrounds, black ex-convicts with long criminal records, and some others, all thrown together in common cause. They believed, they said, in the plight of the downtrodden. Their goals included dismembering the "capitalist class" and doing away with the prison system; they swore to eliminate all forms of racism, sexism, fascism, capitalism, individualism, etc. In order to do all this they would act violently against "enemies of the people." The SLA created quite a stir when it claimed responsibility for killing Oakland's School Superintendent Marcus Foster last November. But the SLA really made it big nationally when it kidnapped Patricia Hearst. The public imagination was hooked, especially after Patty Hearst announced she was joining her abductors. People asked themselves — Did she? Or didn't she? On April 29, both Newsweek and Time magazines carried Miss Hearst's picture on their covers. The accompanying stories gave thumb-nail profiles on some of the known SLA members and additional information on Patty. More questions came from people fascinated, and worried, by these young radicals. How could these women suddenly turn into raging, gun-toting females? Why did they turn to violence when they were smart enough to know it wouldn't work? Was Cinque really the leader? How will it all end now that Patty Hearst is a fugitive? Americans are preoccupied with the story of the Symbionese Liberation Army because it defies a pat explanation. We can't apply our tried and true standards. The mere fact that the SLA was born and exists has the effect of raising questions that can't be reasonably answered. The nightmarish probJems that have plagued this country for a number of years take on a new and sharper image against the backdrop of SLA philosophy and mentality. Youth against age, parents against offspring, wealth against poverty, black against white, conservatism against liberalism. Why is this so? Because (and the truth hurts) some of those SLAers in that fateful house in Los Angeles could have belonged to almost any middle-class American parents. A very sobering thought. More comforting is the realization that the SLA represents only an infinitesimal sampling of youthful citizens. Applying the law of averages, a nation with the huge and diverse population of the United States, always will come up with its fair share of kooks and weirdoes (even some crooks in high places in government), a few of whom might resort to something as despicable as political terrorism. They'll Do It Every Time GAtPAt PLETHORA TO POA30HN AL0EN FOR HER— PLETHORA- vou KNOW THE NEW BOY AYERPALE- LET / VAXINE.TLL HIM KNOW I THINK HE'S / 6£ TALKIN6 REAL HICE-- / TD HIM AT NOONTIME,' VOOTOLPAYERPAUE SOPLETH POESASASKEP. USTENTO VAXINE WAX INPlSNANT NOW— IWASUEVER 60 EMSARRASSEP IN ALL WY LIFE. 1 HE CAME RIGHT OP TO M£ ANP HE SAIP THAT SAIP- 18 KAT£KiN'£ ST., No.BWWP.CO-M. To the Editor: During the 1974 session of the Minnesota Legislature, we passed a modified no-fault auto insurance bill to take effect on Jan. 1, 1975. This will make Minnesota the 21sl state to attempt some form of an automobile accident reform law with a no-fault concept. We will be the 13th state to have a total no-fault plan. Minnesota's no-fault insurance act probably goes farther in implementing the no-fault concept than any other stale, Since the passage of this new law by the last session of the Legislature, we created a completely different concept of auto insurance. Hopefully, the following explanation will give you a better understanding of what the new law attempts to do. The new law makes automobile insurance compulsory for the first time in Minnesota. All owners of motor vehicles, except motorcycles, must purchase $30,000 in first party, no-fault coverage; residual liability insurance with limits of $25,000 per person for bodily injury, $50,000 per accident for bodily injury, and $10,000 for property damage; and uninsured motorist coverage with limits of $25,000 per injured person and $50,000 per accident. Owners of motorcycles are required to purchase only liability coverage. Failure to insure can result in a fine of $300, imprisonment for 90 days, revocation of drivers license and motor vehicle registration for six to twelve months and unlimited tort liability. For the first party, no-fault policy pays "basic economic loss benefits" which reimburse actual economic loss resulting from bodily injury or death and include $20,000 total benefits for medical and rehabilitation expenses and $10,000 total non- medical benefits. Benefits do not cover property damage. Non-medical benefits up to $1,250, survivor's loss of support up to $200 per week, the expense of replacing the services that an injured victim would have performed for himself or his family up to $15 per day. and. .the expense of replacing the services a deceased victim would have performed for himself or his family up to $200 per week. Normally benefits are recovered from the victim's household no-fault policy; but if his household has no motor vehicle, he can recover from the policy covering the vehicle that injured him or in which he was riding or; if it has no coverage, he will recover from the assigned claims plan. A passenger in a bus or other commercial vehicle recovers from the insurance policy covering that vehicle. Generally, Minnesotans are entitled to no-fault benefits even if they are injured while driving in another state. A person loses his right to basic economic loss benefits if he fails to insure when required to do so or if he is injured while participating in a race, intentionally trying to injure himself or another person or using a vehicle without the owner's consent. Generally, the loss benefits must be paid within 30 days after a loss is suffered or the claimant can be justified in imposing a 10 per cent per year interest charge. Insurance companies selling the first party coverage must offer their policy-holder deductibles of the first $100 of medical and rehabilitation expenses and the first $200 of wage loss. In addition they must offer their policyholders the following optional coverages: $10,000 additional medical benefits, $20,000 additional medical benefits for additionally bodily injury liability coverage of $25.000 per person, and $50,000 per accident, under-insured motorist coverage, and basic economic loss benefits for motorcyclists. lawsuits to recover damages for negligently inflicted automobile accident victims are limited by the act. A victim may sue to recover actual economic loss only if that loss is not compensated by first party benefits. General damages, for pain and suffering, disability and the like may be recovered only if the victim had medical expenses which exceeded $2,000 after deducting expenses incurred for diagnostic X-rays and for rehabilitation, suffered a "permanent injury" or "permanent disfigurement" was disabled so that he was unable to engage in all or nearly all of his normal daily activities for 60 days of more. There is no restriction on lawsuits to recover for property damage. The act requires a mandatory reduction in automobile insurance rates during the first year it is in effect. Rates for the compulsory package of basic economic loss coverage bodily injury liability coverage, and uninsured motorist coverage must be 30 per cent less than the rates charged by that some company in 1973 for a package consisting of bodily injury liability coverage with limits of $25,000 per person and $50,000 per accident, uninsured motorist coverage with limits of $25,000 per person and $50,000 per accident, and $1,000 medical payments coverage. The commissioner of insurance may waive the rate reduction requirement if an insurance company's financial soundness or solidity would be jeopardized or if it would suffer an underwriting loss. The new low also provides a subrogation clause in which the insurance companies may recover from loss under certain conditions. foil Seventy-five years ago — 1899 Diplomas awarded to 26 seniors (from the Daily Journal for May 29-June 3,1899) Trie month of June has been ushered in appropriately with the memorable and beautiful commencement exercises. Twenty-six graduates received their diplomas last night. Standing room was at a premium before the curtain arose. Young ladies, generally attired in white, carried bouquets of roses and other lovely flowers. Tlie gentlemen were attired in black and wore button-hole bouquets. Essays were read by Miss Marie Beckos, salutatorian, and Miss Stella McCullough, whose essay took first place in competion. Miss Rosa Leidl, valedictorian, delivered the last address of the evening. Dr. C.B. Mitchell, pastor of the Hennepin Avenue Methodist Church, gave the commencement address which delighted and H>Hfted the audience. Supt. SUPT. BALLARD RESIGNS C.A. Ballard has tendered his . eiignaiion and expects to accept a position in the Moorhead normal school during the coming year. During his five years of superintendency the schools have steadily advanced along all lines. STUDENTS BURN EFFIGY The Sophomores finished the second year's Latin Wednesday evening by burning an effigy of Caesar. The ashes were gathered and will be dedicated to the next Caesar class. MIDWIFE FROM SWEDEN Miss Annie Karl en, from Sweden, has located hereto engage in the practice of midwifery. She has a diploma from the state hospital in Goteborg, Sweden. LOST HAT AVAILABLE The little girl who lost a hat in the river Friday can recover it at the Journal office. JHG Rep. Frank DeGroat District 10A Fishing laws not complete in pamphlet To the Editor: With the opening of the fishing season, just a warning to some of you fishermen who may think you are up on the fishing laws but aren't. As a senior citizen, last summer I purchased a family license for $6 and with it I received a 1973 Fishing Laws Synopsis. I read it through from cover to cover before going fishing some time later. I was still-fishing for sunfish close to shore on a still day when a warden approached me and fined me $10 for not having a life jacket in the boat. He did not wear one himself but had one in the front of his boat. Just what good is a life jacket if you don't wear it? There was nothing in the pamphlet given me about numerals on boats, pulling water skiers or use of life jackets. Why hasn't that information contained in the literature given me or why wasn't I given literature that it was contained in? Later I did find a booklet on boats and watercraft where I did find that information. I paid my fine in court along with several others 1 met there who were also victims of the same circumstances. So, for the uninformed, read both pamphlets. It may save you a fine for breaking a law you knew nothing about. Yet there was nothing done about a water skier who came so close to my boat several times, churning up the water, disrupting the fish and fishing, also polluting the water with a large motor with an underwater exhaust, using possibly three to five gallons of gasoline an hour. I wTote the Department of Nautral Resources about my experience and they said they would make it a point to have that information in the 1975 Fishing Synopsis Laws. Swan E. Wig Campbell HITCHHIKER •Merry-Go-Round' Agnew reacts to World Book By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON — Former Vice President Spiro Agnew is trying to rewrite the history of his downfall. He has fired off a bristling protest to World Book encyclopedia over its account of his forced resignation. The respected encyclopedia factually reported in its 1974 yearbook that Agnew resigned the vice presidency last October after having pleaded "no contest" to charges of income tax evasion. "In return for Agnew's resignation and no-contest plea to the tax-evasion charge," reported World Book, "the government agreed not to prosecute him for alleged acts of extortion and bribery.... "In a -10-page exposition of evidence, the government alleged that shortly after his election as executive of Baltimore County in 1962, Agnew began and directed a complex scheme to extort thousands of dollars from consulting engineers in Maryland. In return, he allegedly granted them profitable government contracts. "Allegedly, Agnew continued to operate the kickback scheme from 1962 through his two years as governor of Maryland and during his first four years as Vice President." The encyclopedia stressed that Agnew "denied that he was guilty. He said that accepting 'contributions' while governor of Maryland was 'part of a long- established pattern' of political fund-raising in the state." This history of Agnew's fall from power, although quite accurate, displeased the former Vice President. Angrily, he sent back his copy of the yearbook and demanded in an accompanying letter that the Agnew name be removed from the firm's mailing list. World Book officials refused to show us the Agnew letter, claiming it would be a "breach of conficence." Sources who have seen it, however, told us Agnew claimed the yearbook article was a distortion of the truth. He complained that he had been persecuted, that he had been found guilty of nothing. The entire case against him, he charged, was built upon the testimony of tainted men. The encyclopedia's ac- FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed. Glenn E. CHsort, Advertising Mgr. P^cl S-.M Dr FefiJjS Journal Co al "SU E Char-.n.no. rrr^s Fa s M nr 5«5jr 03 .v fcecT bwiajsarx) HO".days Second class oosTage pa-dat c^qts Fa'iv w nn SUBSCRIPTION RATES jCCCr <ro B> -a I n adsarx;e M.r.resota 1 yr . SI6 00 iClr.cri'al« 1 »r S?!N 6nos.S1!00 3rros i?« VEVBEBOF THE JSSOO-srEOPSESS ras»eiiasa i , 0 ,, e u , TILEPMONE »jfr Mn Perjo -*C>erTiSir>5 Wail ids SvDscr c'-ons. Accounts 736 7S1J Ne*} O«T ai 4 Soc ai Nen 7is >60t ^ count, added Agnew, reflected a leftist bias. It was a trait he found all to common in the nation's news media, he protested. One source who saw the letter told us it was "very personal" and showed Agnew has a sour opinion of the press. World Book's summary of the Agnew affair went to press before Maryland Judges ruled that he should be disbarred. The courts, apparently, agree with World Book. Footnote: The former Vice President, who is traveling in Teheran, couldn't be reached for comment. OIL RIP-OFF: The big oil companies have demanded higher and higher gasoline prices to stimulate domestic production and to reduce U.S. dependence upon foreign imports. But a confidential study by Sen. Jim Abourezk, D-S.D.; reveals that the excess profits have been going not into new oil wells but into the pockets of the oil barons. The senator has discovered that domestic oil production has gone down, not up, since prices began soaring. Far from encouraging greater production, his figures show, there has been a "total decline of 314,000 barrels per day" since May 1973, before the crisis. By holding back on domestic crude oil, the companies have kept the demand — and, therefore, the prices — sky high. Curtailing production also permits the oil companies to adjust their profit level. When the public screams about exorbitant oil profits, the companies merely lower production. This reduces profits without losing them, since the oil remains in the ground for later sale at Pikes Peak prices. The Abourezk study shows that the cutback in oil production was most severe last November at the same time that the oil firms were calling for higher prices to encourage more production. The biggest firms were the worst offenders. Exxon, Texaco, Shell, Gulf, Mobil and Standard of California alone accounted for a production drop of 153,000 barrels a day in 1973. Nor have the oil companies been candid about prices. In 1972, the pro-industry National Petroleum Council said the oil firms would be able to turn a good profit on oil in 1975 at $3.54 to $3.70 a barrel. Yet two years ahead of the prediction, the oil now selling at more than $7 a barrel. The promised exploration to ease the energy crisis, meanwhile, still hasn't taken place. Based on his study, Abourezk plans to introduce a bill this week to force a rollback in domestic crude prices to May 1973. He will be joined by other senators, who would permit price increases .only if the companies could prove higher production costs. Poll taken on statement by John Dean NEW YORK (AP) — Pollster Ix)uis Harris says a nationwide survey of 1,555 adults shows 52 per cent of the nation believes charges by John W. Dean III that President Nixon knew about the Watergate cover-up. Thirty per cent of those queried on May 7 and .8 did not believe the former White House counsel's allegations, Harris said Monday. Harris said the respondents felt Dean "has been more truthful about the Watergate cover-up than President Nixon" by a 45 to 32 per cent margin, with 23 per cent undecided. Dean was a government witness at the criminal conspiracy trial of former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell and ex-Commerce Secretary Maurice H. Stans. . Fifty-two per cent of Harris' sample said they were "unshaken in their estimate of Dean's veracity" after Mitchell and Stans were acquitted. Twentysix per cent felt Dean's credibility declined and 22 per cent were not sure. Only 28 per cent of those polled accepted Nixon's claim that edited White House tapes prove Dean was guilty of improper and illegal acts. Forty- six per cent said they did not believe Nixon and 26 per cent were unsure. Tax payment by Kennedy announced BOSTON (AP) - Sen. Edward M. Kennedy paid 1217,844 in federal income taxes on an unadjusted gross income of $461,444 in 1973, according to tax records he disclosed to two Boston newspapers. The Boston Herald American and the Boston Globe today published the joint tax return filed by Kennedy and his wife, Joan, reporting the Massachusetts Democrat's income beyond his congressional salary of 142,500. Kennedy's income included 121,567 in dividends, $270,080 from the Joseph P. Kennedy 1926 trust, |12fi,257 from the Joseph P. Kennedy 1936 trust, $3,355 from publications, speaking fees and miscellaneous sources and?l,623 from four oil wells in Texas and Louisiana owned by the Forest Oil Co. The late Joseph P. Kennedy was the senator's father. Kennedy deducted from his gross income $38,773 in current taxes other than federal; $24,985 for mortgage payments; |4,678 for charitable contributions; and $26,308 in net miscellaneous deductions. Kennedy declined to be immediately quoted about his tax returns, but said the data was released because of the public's growing concern about the extra income of elected officials. Farm panel is planned MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP)—Leaders of several national farm organizations will participate in a panel discussion at the Midwest Governors' Conference July 28-31, it was announced. The 15-state conference will be headquartered at the IDS Center in Minneapolis, with Gov. Wendell Anderson as most governor. Tony De Chant, president of the National Farmers Union and Oren Lee Staley, president of the National Farmers Organization have accepted invitations to participate. The president of the American Farm Bureau, William J. Kuhfuss, and Agriculture Secretary Earl Butz also have been invited. Panelists will discuss the world food crisis, with Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn., as moderator. Agricultural scientists Norman Borlaug, the 1970 Nobel Peace prize winner, also is scheduled to participate. Gov. J. James Exon of Nebraska is chairman of the Midwest Governors' Conference. This year's session had been scheduled for the Ely area but the site was changed when it appeared not enough facilities would be available. The conference draws several hundred persons, including wives and families of the governors, staff aides, legislators and newsmen. Another seminar on the "issues of man" will include talks by Richard M. Scammon, political scientist, author and pollster, and Charles A. Lindbergh, an aviation hero whose major interest now is conservation. The panel also will include Harrison Salisbury of the New York Times. "Strictly Personali Can you score in this quiz? By Sydney H. Harris This fortnight's easier-than quiz is a grab-bag of fact, fiction, • and mythology- containing a few traps for the unwary. A score of 50 per cent is satisfactory. 1. What nationalities were the following: (a) Cleopatra, (b) Napoleon, (c) Alexander Graham Bell? 2. Who were the authors of the following "black" books: (a) "Black Beauty," (b) "The Black Dwarf," (c) "Black Mischief", (d) "Black Tulip"? 3 What did the following notables have in common: (a) Mark Twain, (b) Picasso, (c) Babe Ruth, I d) Harry Truman? 4. If you were reading a book and the index contained the following names, what would most likely be the subject of the book: Fermat, Cantor, Leibniz, Minkowski, Poincare, Piemann? 5. What are the sizes of the following: (a) a ten-penny nail, lb) a length of cable, ic) one furlong, (d) a cord of wood. 6. What are the names that designate masculine and feminine gender in the following animals: i a) swan, ibi sheep, (c) falcon, id) bee? 7. In which works would you find the following: I a) Jacob's ladder, i bl Aladdin's Lamp, (c) Achilles' heel, (d) King Charles's head? 8. What were the baptismal first names of the following persons: lai Queen Victoria, (b) Calvin Coolidge, (c) Babe Ruth, (d) Billy the Kid, (e) Tennessee Williams? 9. What do the following have in common: Barn-Burners, Free-Soilers, Greenbackers, Hunkers, and Ixicofocos? 10. What were the following before they became well-known writers: (a) Robert Burns, (b) Arthur Conan Doyle, (c) Thoreau, (d) Robert Louis Stevenson, (e) 0. Henry? ANSWERS: 1. (a) Macedonian; (b) Corsican; (c) Scottish. 2. (a) Anna Sewell; (b) Sir Walter Scott: (c) Evelyn Waugh; (d) Dumas. 3. All were left-handed. 4. All were distinguished mathematicians. 5. (a) 3 inches; (b) 720 feet; (c) 220 yards; (d) 128 cubic feet. 6. lal pen and cob; (b) ram and ewe; (c) tercel and gentle; id) drone and queen. 7. (a) Old Testament: (b) Arabian Nights; (c) Hoi.ier's "Iliad"; id) Dickens' "David Copperfield" (in the character of Mr. Dick.) 8. i a) Alexandrina; (b) John; (O George; (d) Henry; (e) Thomas. 9. All past political parties and factions in the U.S. 10. (a) farm worker; ib) physician; ic) pencil-maker; id i engineer: lei drug clerk and convict.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month