The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 12, 1953 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, June 12, 1953
Page 8
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PAGE EIGHT BLTTHEVTLLE (ARK.)' COURIER NEWB FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 1958 RE VIEW — FORECAST Barring Drought Farm Outlook OK WASHINGTON — (NBA) — Barring a big war or big drought in 1953, the new administration should Imve no rougher sledding with the farmers than its had in past months — at least for the remainder of the year. That's what a number of top state and fedora! farm experts agreed to recently at an important annual conference meeting — the Outlook Conference. At this session the big brains of arlculture get together, hash over all the big economic and political factors which can affect the U. S. farmers such as the forelKn market, government spending and the general business level, and decide what the next 12 months hold in stor for them. General optimism over continuer farm prosperity was the keynote o this meeting, as it has been every year since the war. The farmer maj get slightly less for his products and the things he buys might cos him a little more. But the,genera outlook is for another prosperous year far above the pre-war level. Despite nil of their scientific facts and figures, however, mnny of the experts had an uneasy hunch aboul one possible mn.lor factor in nexl year's farm outlook. That is the fear that a major disastrous drought, such as the last one ol 1936, might strike. According to the records such a drought is long overdue. The country has never gone as long as It has now. without one. The very dry Fall this year was mentioned as a bad omen. The result. If 1953 proves to be the next year for the big drought, could be a major headache for the new president. If something drastic should happen to relieve the present world tension, resulting in a severe cut In military spending and foreign aid. the farmer would also run into some trouble the experts say. It would qulcKly reduce both the foreign and domestic demand for farm products. On the other hand, if World War III should erupt, the only limits an the American farmers' income would be price controls and the amount they could produce. There \vould be another unlimited demand for food and everything else the farmer grows. • » • In the farm way-of-llfe for 11153 the major gains are going to be in the same categories as for the past 10 years, according to the experts. Soil Tests Can Increase Yield Missouri Research Shows Fertilizing By Test- Important Soil tests Imve pnved the way to higher yields and greater profits Corn yields \vere stepped up np average of 23 bushels per acre last year on 21 Northwest Missouri farms where full .soil treatments were made and compared to adjaceni receiving convcnliomil applications. When. fcitilWM'ri were applied according to soil tesus. yields averaged 107 bushels per iu:re. On adjacent. arcus receiving the usual application ot Se^flcatl^ r.™/ta%^ctS' ?"'««' in «« row at planting to continue. Latest figures show a Umo - *™™& yield was 79 bushels total of 84 per cent, of all U. S. J JLT iic ' re farms getting electric power from a central station. In the matter of dress, 1953 should see the American farm family continue to catch up with the standards of the average American city dweller. The farmer will do the same in the purchase of more entertainment, eductafon and medical care. * * * From the average American consumer's point of view the conference also produced some good news, barring drought or war, the continued high farm production which Is predicted is expected to bring a halt to the Korean-Inspired rise in food prices. The consumer outlook Is brightest n beef, with farmers expected to raise about 14 per emit more cattle, It should start the beef price down 'or the first time since the Knrenn 'iphting started. Total output of meat next year ould set a peacetime high, above D47. But because of increased popu- atkm the average person will probably get only about 144 pounds compared to the 1947 per capita average if 154 pounds. Both the deciduous and citrus ruit crops are expected to be high- r In 1953, with more and cheaner rozen Juice concentrates on the <narket. On Missco Farms County Agent Keith 3. Bllbrey By Keith J. Bllhrey, County Agent It's Good and Bad I never saw as much difference or variation in the Mississippi County crop In my life. A small part of the crop is good, some of it is average, a great deal of it Is very late, and a considerable acreage planted to cotton is not even up today. You may have more confidence In a late cotton crop than I. If I had cotton acreage that was not up to at least a 60 per cent stand, * I would plow it up today, plant soybeans, and hope for a rain. Wheat Crop Surprising The Mississippi County wheat crop Is a great deal larger than in any previous year that I have known about. The wheat looked good In the winter, then a rainy spell came in Marc-a and top dressing with nitrogen was delayed and in a few cases eliminated. Dry weather came and the wheat looked better. A late freeze came and scared us for fear yields might be reduced. .The very heavy rains the first half of. May caused the wheat to look bad again. Now, to everybody's surprise and pleasure, yields are satisfactory. Udell Newsom, west of Blythe- Ville, reported a yield of 34 bushels per acre. He grew the Chancellor variety and top dressed in the spring with 150 pounds of nitrate of soda per acre. He will have the land planted to soybeans by Saturday, June 13. Jerry Edwards of WMslleville reported twenty-eight and one-half bushels of wheat per acre, The Farmers Soybean Corporation in Blytheville reported storing 19,300 bushels of wheat on one day this week. They unloaded 79 trucks. Feu- Insects We are at least fortunate in one respect. There have been relative- ly few insects to cope with in Mississippi County so fur this year. A few cutworms had to bo poisoned in alfalfa after first cutitng. Last week there was a damaging outbreak of cutworms in the New Liberty tirea south of Blytheville. There seems to be almost no thrip damage anywacre in the county so far. This statement does not mean that you no longer need to watch your crop. Cliloro-IPC Looks Good Jack Robinson of Blytheville A. VV, Klein me, University of Missouri soils .specialist,, in explaining the importance at fertilizing according to test, says that the level of such plant nutrients as phosphate and potash in an available form in the soil must be .several times greater than the amount used by the yro-Aing plant, This is because phosphate and pousii move through the soil only to a small extent. And corn plant roots can contact only a small part of the soil, Full soil treatments eliminate these elements as limiting factors to plant growth. In addition to increasing yields by 28 bushels per acre on these Northwest Missouri farms, these heavier fertilizer applications increased the phosphate and potash reserves of the soil. On an average, about 80 pounds more phosphate and 56 pounds more potash were added than removed by the crops. NitroKfn application was about equal to that removed in the grain. At present fertilizer prices, this added reserve of phosphate and potash has t\ value ol approximately 39 per acre, On the other hand, where starter fertilizers were used in the conventional amounts, the crops removed about the same amount of phosphate and potash as was supplied in the fertilizer. But the nitrogen reserve was reduced by some 65 pounds per acre. At present fertiliser prices, it would cost at least $6.50 per acre to replace this loss through use of commercial nitrogen. The wide variation in fertilizer needs on the 21 Northwest Missouri farms npain shows the importance ot proper soil testing. The applications required per acre to remove these major plant nutrients as limiting factors ranged from 20 to 162 pounds of nitrogen, 16 to 340 pounds of phosphate, and G to 192 pounds of Amendments Up On Cotton Controls Amendments to present legislation on acreage allo ments and marketing quotas have been proposed to avert con troversy that might develop should controls be placed on co ton in ]954, Farm Bureau leaders from all cotton producing states met in Fort Worth, Texas, tftis spring, and developed a set of amendments to the row existing law. Calling for Immediate Congressional action, the farm leaders agreed that Congress should act now .so as to get ready for quotas in 1954. From all indications, growers this year will exceed the 13- million bale level thought necessary to avoid quotas and allotments in 1954. If controls are to be imposed in 1954. a marketing quota proclamation must be issued by the Secretary of Agriculture by October 15 of this year. Not later than December 15, a referencum must be held with farmers voting whether they favor or oppose the quota proclaimed by the secretary, There has been much dissatisfaction among growers with the present law. It was used In 1950, ;he last time quotas were in effect j for allotments. At that time a ' dispute arose between the Depart- ' ment of Agriculture and Congress ibout how reserves were to be used. Because the law has never been :hanged. the original interpretation would probably be the same now \s when it was first issued. To correct the situation, the five per cent for making adjus ments in counties where 15 per cer of the county acreage allotment reserved and is insufficient to pr vide fair and equitable allotmen for (a) acreage trends, (b) adver regularly in most pnvts of the cotton belt to produce EI crop. One of the bi«r advantages of raising cotton In Southeast Missouri is the lack of consistent insect damage." Yim Arc On The Spot was very well pleased with the re- |- If S' OU fion ' fc ( ' are to waste money suits he got from vising the pre-'i in n cotton poisoning progrnm then you.MUST learn to identify your destructive insects and know when they arc thick enough to poi.son. emergence chemical on cotton — chloro-IPC. He used the chemical on part of the National Cotton Picking Contest field just east of Blytheville, and also on some of the cotton planted on the air base. "Frog" Hardy of BlyiHevule also has much praise for the results of Chloro-IPC, but he hns less ti show for his efforts because of th many rains in May and flood \vn er that stood on part of his land. Earl Wilciy used Chloro-IPC o cotton west of Manila and he, too was well pleased with results. I is evident to me that all three o these men will use more of thi pre-emergence grass control pro gram in 1954. I Am Getting Help Stirling Kyd. Extension Entom ologist with the University of Mis souri, wrote an interesting articl for the May issue of the Missour Delta Fanner. It was entitled "Ghost Spraying in the Delta." part of his article said: "Maybe you don't believe ii ghosts — but they are 'expensive. critters' in Southeast Missouri Farmers are wasting thousands o dollars each year trying to kil them with insecticides. "Apparently 'ghost spraying' go started in Missouri largely be cause insecticides must be used 'arm Bureau leaders developed ecommendations for changing the aw and will offer the proposals to Congress as suggested amendments. One proposal asks that the Sec- etary submit referendum questions to whether farmers favor or are igainst quotas for three crop years. Should the farmers favor three crop •ears they would automatically go into effect after the Secretary had determined the law made it mandatory to call for such quotas. Another suggestion provides State Committees with a one per cent, national reserve for (1) increasing county allotments to take care of those farmers who established an allotment for the first time during the base period, (2) increasing the acreage for new forms, (3) for additional allotments, and (4) for small farnis. The farmers also proposed a state committee reserve of not more than potash. Where the heavy applications were required, the mineral fertilizers were applied on the surface and plowed under. The same method was used for solid nitrogen materials such as ammonium nitrate. Anhydrous, ammonia was applied with a special applicator before plowing, during seedbed preparation, or at the first cultivation. Soil tests can be obtained at any of the 85 county soil testing labora tories under the supervision of county agents. Or this service may be secured by sending samples to the Department of Soils ol the University of Missouri. abnirmal conditions, and (c) ir complete or inaccurate data fc county basis. The group recommended that th county acreage allotment pli what may come from the nation reserve, less 15 per cent reserved b the county committee, shall be aj portioned to farms planting cotto in any one of the last three yea on the basis of acreage ^planted, wil the base adjusted for any abnorm conditions. The 15 per cent reserve would b used by the county committee fo making production adjustmen based on land, labor, equlpmen and crop rotation practices. Th national, state and county reserv was to be used together for ad justments in small farms and &'. lotments to new farms. The farmers suggested ,that stat and national reserve allotments fo farms on which no cotton had bee planted in the last three years bused for new farms. Where a coun ty has been allotted over 50 pe cent of its cropland to cotton, th county committee may use its 3 per cent reserve to make aliotmenl in excess of the 50 per cent and u to the percentage of what the col ton allotted is to the county's crop land. It was recommended that wa crop credits be given in conformit with Public Law 28. One proposed amendment sug gested that farms would be deeme to have planted their full allot ment,for history purposes, if the did not underplant more than 1 per cent or one acre, whichever i larger. The farmers recommended tha Increased plantings back in 1950 be counted in future state, county anc farm allotments. Arkansans who participated in the cotton meeting include Joe C Hardin, Grady, president of the Arkansas Farm Bureau; Charle Rose, Roseland; E. H. Clarke Hughes; S. C. Mack, Newport; am Ned Purtle, Hope, all members o the state Farm Bureau board o directors; William J. Denton, Wil son, president of the Mississlpp County Farm Bureau; and Waldi Frasier, Little Rock, executive secretary of the Farm Bureau. Rubber /or Rec/s KUALA LUMPUR (ff)—Communist countries were the fifth larges importers o frubber direct from Malaya during 1952, statistics reveal. Russia got 6,507 tons, Czechoslov akie, 3,351, Hungary, 624, Rumania 614 and Poland 991. Certain-teed UNIVERSAL SHINGLES service on many Blytheville have given over 20 years of homes. They Last Longer E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. make your office both • Color-changcabla exterior • No draffs. Adju*tab!« air- direction (3 model)) • Quitil pciformancs • Air fhat'j filtered, cooled and dried • Ruit-romfant exlerior, won't ttain outiida wall*. Can b» left in the window the y«ar around • Extra cooling capacity— fan motor outiida the window • Hermetically lealtd unit has 5-yoar warranty er and Smarter! New Decorator AIR CONDITIONER by International.Harvester can be changed to match any office decoration—to quiet you hardly hear it This great new Decorator Air Conditioner blends with your decorating jcheme — gives your office a smart, "civilized 11 look. It's easy on the eyes—easy on the ears. And International Harvester's Decorator Air Conditioner can b« changed to match any new decorating scheme in less than 7 minutes, with less than a yard of fabric. See it here now! 4 models-4 prices-from *229 95 LOW DOWN PAYMENT-EASY TERMS DELTA IMPLEMENTS INC INTfRNATIONAL-UAWfSTM fcUFS tWWCI <P/um* 6863 — BLYTHEVILU.ARK. State Farmers Disapprove New Plan LITTLE ROCK M>) — Arkansas farm' groups have asked the United States Department of Agriculture to change its mind about its new conservation program. The Department tentatively has Indicated that assistance for winter legumes and cover crops would be dropped along with assistance for liming and fertilizers. Agriculture officials representing the Soil Conservation Service and Production Marketing Committees in the state met here to draw up recommendations to send to Washington. Charles G. Willey, PMS representative from East Arkansas, said the proposed program contains National Crochet Award to be Mode Crocheters In this vicinity who wish to enter their needlework in a national contest/ with an opportunity to win an all-expense trip to New York City, may enter their pieces at the local headquarters at the Northeast Arkansas-District Fair, it has been announced. Information concerning the annual contest, open to crocheters of all ages, men and women alike, may be obtained from Mrs. Gertrude B. Holiman, women's department superintendent of the fair. "nothing for the Delta farmer" who needs winter cover crops to protect the land during heavy rainfall. "The winter cover crops," he said, "are about the only conservation practice Arkansas farmers can make a living with." Cltrontila oil Is used not only as an insect repellent, but al-to as an oily ba.^e s'ld a;: a fragrance In perfumes and ?oaps. SWAY WKOS KHKI WI1H ATLACIDE THE SAFE! CNLOUTi KILLS JOHNSON GRASS, BERMUDA GRASS, and many other grasses and weeds. Destroys weed rood . . . prevents regrowth. In convenient powder form; easy to mix for use as a spray. , E. C. ROBINSON j LUMBER CO. With this Leader of the Self-Propelleds The JOHN DEERE No. 55 Combine The savings in grain, time, work, and money that are yours with, the John Deere No. 55 Self-PropeUed Combine mean greater satisfaction down through the years. With the thrifty No. 55, you save more grain or seed from every acre. . Selective hydraulic speed control that lets you match the speed of travel to the capacity of feeding, threshing, separating, and cleaning units . . . ease of making exact adjustments for varying crops and crop conditions . . . and genuine field dependability put more grain in the grain tank—• save you many hours in the the field. Let ns show you why you'll want to cash in on the greater savings of this leader of the self-propelleds. Missco Implement Co. Phone 4434 S. Highway 61 <^^ JOHN DEERE Dealer^ OUAUTY FARM EQUIPMENT 2,500 BABY CHICKS Here's your chance to purchase healthy baby chicks at a teriffic savings. 2,500 PURINA started chicks go on sale tomorrow at a price you can't afford to turn down. These chicks are four-weeks old/, healthy and Well started. Come in and talk it over. FEEDERS SUPPLY CO. 513 East Main Phone 3441

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