Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 17, 1948 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
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Saturday, July 17, 1948
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Page 8
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EDITORIALS John Joseph Pershing, General and Statesman r* EN. JOHN JOSEPH ^ERSHING, whose ^-V passing America mourns, proved himself a great military commander as head of the United States expeditionary forces in World war I. . ' • But he was not only a great general. In the war years- and the years that followed he gained a statesman's stature in the wisdom of his actions and in his ability to read the course of events of tomorrow from the facts of today. In the furore of a 2nd World war and the postwar problems that followed, the great drama in which Gen. Pershing played so leading a part has been pushed more in the background, while the general, himself, because of declining health, spent much of his time in the hospital. W HILE the great of the nation, as well the humbler soldiers who served under him, pronounce their eulogies to his genius and we read again the story of his life, which started in Linn county, Mo., as the son of section foreman, it might be appropriate to review some of the things for which Gen. Pershing stood. It was a great disappointment to him that the men at the diplomat's tables stopped the allies from pushing into the heart of Germany to stamp out every vestige of militarism at the conclusion of World war I. Throughout his life Gen. Pershing believed staunchly that the militarism then left smouldering in Germany erupted a generation later into a much more terrible war. "If we had gone on to Berlin in the last war we probably would not have been in this fight," he once told Gen. Charles de Gaulle. N OT only that but Gen, Pershing, noting how inadequate the United States was prepared for war when it joined the allies in 1917, spent years afterwards crusading for national preparedness. Beginning with his tenure as army chief of staff in 1921, Pershing worked through every channel open to him to bring about and retain adequate defense preparations. But his advice, excellent as it was, again fell on deaf ears. He did succeed, however, in setting up the framework of an army that could be quickly expanded to wartime strength. Old soldier that he was, he foresaw 2 years before the outbreak of World war II how international affairs were tending. In April, 1937, he advised: "In view of world conditions today, the United States should be prepared to mobilize half a million men at once completely equipped with the most modern arms and fully supplied in every particular." F OUR and a half years later, on a winter afternoon, he received a message that proved how right he had been—Japan had struck and the United States was at war. Preparations, though tardy, had been started. Before his death Gen. Pershing did see that his years of crusading for national preparedness had not been in vain. But while urging a powerful military force for America, Pershing was continually an advocate of peace. In his 1937 survey of the international situation, he reviewed the horrors of the war that the United States entered 20 years earlier and said that "it is more than ever our duty to strive continuously for permanent peace." America will not forget this great general and statesman. He has a permanent place among the nation's greatest. Costs Are Waxing W HILE in the overall picture, state governments are still in the black, there's a warning signal in the fact that state expenditures at present are rising faster than state revenues. At a recent study it was disclosed that revenues rose 17.8 per cent in 1947 while state expenditures for the same period jumped 26.2 per cent. In terms of dollars, state revenues for last year totaled $8'/2 billion dollars while expenditures totaled $8.1 billion. Among the factors cited as responsible for the increase in 1947 state expenditures were resumption of. capital outlay following wartime curtailment, mounting payrolls, higher institutional costs, heavier public assistance loads and increased payments to local governments. Bonuses to World war II veterans was another significant factor in state expenditures. Payments of the 6 states granting bonus payments in fiscal 1947 totaled $169 million. These payments will contribute to further rises in fiscal 1948 as additional •tates have acted on bonuses. The warning signal is out for local gov- trnment. Look Out Below! AMONG THE RUINS An inevitable comment on the recent census bureau report that half the nation's population has moved since 1940 is: "Where under the sun did- they find houses?" With transportation prices newly increased, more than a few Chicago straphangers feel they are really being taken for a, ride. Normalcy will have returned when it isn't necessary to "know somebody" to buy a new automobile. Note to motorists: Keep a safe, clear, stopping distance between you and the car ahead always. No, Johnnie, an autobiography isn't a history of motor cars. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Amends for Indifference Iowa City Press-Citizen: The handful of Americans who broadcast for the enemy during the war not only worked actively for their country's defeat but dishonored their American heritage in doing so. Yet the postwar indifference toward them, both public and official, has done scant honor to that heritage and to those who fought to defend it. Bad Political Practice Rock Rapids Reporter: The convention system has a lot of good points about it—and a lot of bad ones. As it now stands the voters back home who permit the selection of yninstructed delegations are handing over their rights to have anything to say about the selection of the future candidate for president. Queer Teamwork Danbury Review: Senators Wilson and Hickenlooper have made a queer team at Washington. On most every question one votes "no" and the other "yes." They simply cancel the other's vote and they got nowhere and the state of Iowa was the same as not being represented. More Teachers Are Needed Mankato Free Press: With the grade school population at its peak, the number of teachers who are willing to take over the guidance of school age children is far too small, according to the results of a recent survey conducted by the office of education. No Winning by Default Fairfield Ledger: The republicans should make up their minds that this campaign is not tailor- made for them. They can win the election this year, but every mother's son and daughter of them will have to work hard between this and Nov. 2. Your Password Decorah Public Opinion: "Your Password to Prosperity." That is the way the Decorah Building and Loan heads a bit of wisdom sent to stockholders with the announcement of dividends. The words are few but packed with meaning. Holds the Record Washington Journal: General Ike Eisenhower is probably the only man who has ever been •considered for the presidency by both major parties. And neither party seems to know whether the general is a republican or a democrat. Good Old Days Belmond Independent: Who can remember the good old carefree days when all a businessman had to do was look .after his business. He didn't have a payroll tax to complicate his operations, Meters "Dead Duck" Clarion Monitor: Insofar as the Monitor can determine the subject of parking meters, which was such a lively subject in Clarion last fall, is a "dead duck" here. Private Enterprise Austin Herald: France is tiring of its nationalistic program and is going back in many fields to private initiative and private enterprise. Observing Gold in That Gasoline note from a recent report that American motorists last year paid state governments a record total of almost $2 billion dollars in gasoline and other auto fuel taxes. The sum, to be exact was $1,186,000,000. This total exceded the 1946 record by 12.2 per cent. An additional $108 million was collected but refunded because the fuel was for agricultural or other non-highway purposes. While much of the increase reflects the rapidly growing use of our streets and highways, a considerable part of it was because of increased motor fuel tax rates in 8 states. California increased its rate 1.5 cents per gallon, Colorado 2 cents per gallon, Connecticut 1 cent, Maine 2, Rhode Island 1, Maryland 1. Nevada 1.5, and Vermont 0.5 Editorial of the Day "THOU SHALT NOT KILL." TpMMETSBURG REPORTER: Most of us who •I-* have embraced the Ten Commandments as our standard of life regard the 5th as the easiest to keep. Our prayerful inventory is taken with only passing interest in the divine law. "Thou shalt not kill" because we are sure we could never be guilty of this unthinkable crime, says a Minnesota editor. We are wrong. In their 1948 book of street and highway accident data, a well known insurance company makes it sickeningly clear that the 5th commandment is a precept for eveiy driver. In the book's foreword, the company's president, suggests a definition that moves our annual traffic tragedy squarely within the orbit of the Decalogue: "Thou shalt not kill" means that nothing on earth can be so important that a man's life should be risked for it, unless in the very risking of life the man becomes better equipped for eternity." In 1947, 32,500 Americans were killed in traffic accidents. In each case, the vehicle involved was a weapon. In each case, it killed with the same coldfinality of a gun or a knife. Yes, safety is a sermon. If the appeals of self- protection or common consideration are not enough to stay the dangerous driver, perhaps the 5th commandment is. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—A team captained by Donald Phillips scored 534 to win the men's supper match last evening at the golf club, defeating by 10 points the team captained by Dr. R. W. Peterson. Tied for a low score of 39 were Dr. Kingsley-Rogers, Clear Lake, and Carl Schneider of Garner. Twenty-eight players turned out for the match. 20 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—Miss Carol Bell was elected president of the Junior Federated club at the last meeting and will have charge of the meetings through this year. The session was held at the home of Mrs. J. R. Kugler, sponsor, Jefferson street. Other officers are Grace Marie Schober, vice president; Miss Louise Jensen, secretary and Elizabeth Braheny, treasurer. 30 YEARS AGO J. E. E. Markley was host to the Rotary club at noon luncheon today. A most tempting repast was served on the spacious porch with Mrs. Markley and daughter and Mesdames Lovell and Boyle as servitors, and cuisine, service and surroundings were superlative. Roy Thompson's quartette and Hugh Shepard's sextette enlived the hour with musical skits. 40 YEARS AGO A general shakeup has occurred in the personnel of the drivers of 2 local express offices, the American and the U. S. "Tony" Knapp, who has been with the U. S., has resigned to accept a position with the cement plant and his place will be filled by John Vance who has been in charge of the transfer at Calmm 1 . Ralph Secncy, who has been driving for the U. S., goes to Calmar. Byron Stratton, who has been with the American, takes Seeney's place. The new link in the chain has not yet been named. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. HELPING A STUTTERING CHILD T HE person who stutters is unable to speak freely and evenly. He has special difficulty with certain syllables which he may repeat almost endlessly before being able to link them up with those that should follow to form a complete word or phrase. It is estimated that there are at least one I million people in the United States who suffer from this stumbling and spasmodic form of speech. This is perhaps an evidence of our poor handling of our children because it is pretty well established that stuttering has its roots in emotional disturbances during early childhood. If the ! causes of the child's unhappiness are removed and nothing is done __ _,., to fix his attention on his disa- "bii. IIUNDKSEN bility, it usually disappears without his ever becoming conscious of the problem. But if, through scoldings and corrections, stuttering becomes ingrained, it is likely to persist through life and to defy all the treatments ever devised to overcome it. In the past these have included everything from surgery to hypnotism. Today, however, emphasis has shifted and it is felt now that best results will be obtained by treating the parents rather than the child, particularly in early cases. It is of first importance that the child not be made aware that he stutters or is abnormal in any way. To this end, parents must be taught a more tolerant and less critical attitude. Among the causes of early stuttering are over- stimulation or pampering". In this situation it is impossible for the child to relax, and his nervous tension causes him to stutter. Over-concern on the part of the parents about the child's eating, plus efforts to force him to eat certain foods, may have the same effect. The mother who hovers over her child con' stantly, always with a caution or a "don't" on her lips, is simply inviting the child to stutter by depriving him of all freedom and relaxation. Insecurity, due to parental quarrels, frequent changes of residence, or disagreements about the child's training, is another cause of stuttering. Thus, it is plain that before stuttering can be corrected, the particular factor involved in a particular case must be found and eliminated. Once parents are persuaded to give up their mistaken ways, the child usually regains his normal, free-flowing speech. Of course, in older children or in adults, where the habit of stuttering has become set, this method of treatment will not avail. The older patient must be taught by more direct means to develop normal, relaxed speech. Both individual and classroom instruction is used to good advantage in these cases and many universities have opened speech clinics where stutters can be treated. The important thing for parents to remember is that the stuttering child should be given treatment as soon as the defect develops, because it can then be completely overcome. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle of the AP "PEQPLE DON'T MAKE SENSE" Philadelphia, (/Pj—"People!" Tony said. "I think people don't make sense." He'd just seen the democratic convention finish up after 3 days of heat and speeches and people rushing out of the convention hall and back to their hotels again. The delegates were everywhere: In the lobbies, on the sidewalks, in the stores, but it was in the convention hall that they really suffered. It was so steaming hot there, through the haze of blinding floodlights and cigaret smoke, they seemed to be hopping around like people in a hot water bottle up to their necks. Tony actually didn't get out to the convention hall. He was just working in an office and the convention came to town, and he looked at it from the office window mostly. He sat in the window whenever he could, looking at the delegates one story below as they rushed up and down the sidewalks on their %vay to some place. And all the time he laughed. "I never saw anything like it," he said. "Look. The people are all in a hurry. They keep going around and around like they were caught in the revolving doors in Wanamaker's on Christmas Eve." Ho couldn't get used to it, any of it. "People don't make sense," he said. He ran into a cop who had charge of sending out limousines to big shot politicians who wanted to go some place but- felt too important to ride in taxicabs. "I'm getting confused," the cop said, shaking his head. ''A big shot from Washington called me and said to send the machine around. I forgot his name. It sounded like Mr. Pistol. "So the machine goes to his hotel and a man steps up and asks is this the machine for Mr. Pistol. The driver says yes it is. So the man gets in and says to drive him out to the convention hall. And he gets out there. "But it turns out he ain't Mr. Pistol. Mr. Pistol is still standing out front of his hotel, waiting for the machine to pick him up and he calls me up and bawls me out for being slow." Tony didn't think there was anything very crazy about this until he said to the cop "but that only happened one time, didn't it? "No, if it was only one time I wouldn't talk about it," tha cop said. "No it's not just one time. This convention's been going on 3 days and this has been happening every day all-day for 3 days, strange guys getting into the limousines." Tony, whose last name is Calella, meets a man whose name is Alderman Duncan. But Tony can't believe it. He's seen -oO much in 3 days he can't believe anybody's first name is Alderman. He thinks it's a title, not a name. "What is your name again?" says Tony. "Alderman Duncan," the man says. "Very good, Alderman," Tony says. "From now on you can call me Statesman Catella." California led the field ift total collections with $106.6 million gross, a 34.8 per cent increase over' 1946 Texas was runner-up with $81.6 million, New York 3rd with $79.3 million and Pennsylvania 4th with $70.0 million. These states led all others m motor fuel consumption. At year's end, the California tax rate was 4.5 cents per gallon, and in the other states 4 cents per gallon. This year, Kentucky is the only state so far that has changed its motor fuel tax rate, increasing it from 5 to 7 cents a gallon. That puts it on a par with Florida, Louisiana and Tennessee, the only other states where the rate is that high. Quiz for Housewives picked these 2 questions 'out of a recent quiz on safety given to a group of housewives in a neighboring state. In each case the right answer is marked with an x: 1. Which is the best way to put out a fire in. a. frying pan, caused from burning fat? ( ) Pour water over It. | ( ) Throw kettle and contents out the window. (x) Place a lid on skillet, using a. Jons- handled fork. 2. Which Is safe way to cut when using a sharp knife? ( ) Cut toward you. (i) Cut away from you. ( ) Cut sideways. 3. More babies, under 1 year of age, died from accidents during 1947 than In the previous year. What was the single biggest reason for accidental death? ( ) Drowning. ( ) Burns. (x) Smothering In bed clothes. In the group to which the test was given, 99 per cent were right on No. 1, 81 per cent on No. 2.. 85 per cent on No. 3. I like to believe there's an even higher degree of safety intelligence than this among North Iowa housewives. How Elks Originated " ""' thought this account of the origin of the Elks club would prove interesting. It was written by Robert L. Sherman and appeared recently in the "Line-o'-Type department of the Chicago Tribune: "Charles Algernon Vivian, an English actor and all-around performer, came to the United States in 1932. Two days after he reached New York, he got an engagement at Butler's American theater, 472 Broadway. He found lodgings at Mrs. Gierman's actors' boarding house, 188 Elm St. "On Sundays, Mrs. Gierman's boarders used her parlor for social purposes, and amused themselves with impromptu programs of entertainment. Vivian proposed that they form a club patterned after an English social organization of theatrical performers, of 'wttich he had been a member. Because there were several minstrel men among Mrs. Gierman's boarders, the group decided to call itself the Jolly Corks. "Other players joined, and the Jolly Corks outgrew Mrs. Gierman's parlor, so they found another meeting place in a house kept by Paul Summers, at 17 Delancey St. There the Jolly Corks, re-organized, became the Benevolent Order of Elks on Feb. lu, 1 pop "Vivian wanted to name the club alter the Buffaloes of England, but the others insisted on a name 01 American origin. But they were willing to accept the name 01 American animal, barring buffalo. Hence the Elks.'" the Information, Please! 1 Siam is known as the "Land of the—?" 2. What is the Southern Cross? 3. Which gets hotter, a boiled or a baked potato? 4. What is the technical name of the Big Dipper? 5. What is a fantail? Answers—1. "White Elephant." 2. A constellation of stars in the sky below the equator. 3. A baked potato. 4. Ursa Major. 5. A variety of domestic pigeon. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To THOMAS TEAS—for being named national chairman of the United States Junior Chamber of Commerce Americanism program. Mr. Teas, young Mason City attorney, has demonstrated his ability to handle this assignment, having served effectively as state Americanism chairman for this organization. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers nslnj- Ihis service for question of fact—not counsel—should sign full name and addrcs* nnd inclosr 3 cents for return postage. Address The Mason City Globc-Ga- letle Information Bureau, 310 Eye Street N. E.. Washington 2, D. C. By Jimmy Hatlo [ EEMS LIKE WHENEVER THERE'S A i PHONE CALL FOR THE BIG CHEESE HE'S THE ORIGINAL VANISHING AMERICAN IUT COMES IT AM INTIMATE CALL FOD STENO.HE STICKS CLOSER THAN THE VARNISH ON HER DESK — BIGDOME SHANGHAI -** THINK HELLO, BA6Y- THIS IS YOUR BIG HANDSOME HUNK OF MAN - IS OLD DOGFACE AROUND? I WANT YOU TO TELL ME SOMETHING-HEX A HONEY! WHATSAMATTER f\\ WITH NOU ? CANT OJ TALK? ' YOOHOO! . MR.BIGDOME ( SHANGHAI ON VTHE PHONES THATAWAV! JO A TIP OF THE HATLO BEAVER TO DORIS MURPHV Who are the women to be shown on the new stamp commemorating the progress of women in the United States? The stamp will bear portraits of Elizabeth Stanton, Carrie C. Catt and Lucretia Mott. arranged from left to right. The 3- cent stamp will be issued through the Seneca Falls, N. Y., postoffice on July 19, 1948. When were colored eyeglasses first used? Colored lenses date back to the middle of the 16th century. The first colored lenses were green. Amber lenses were made in England in 1832. What Is the best time of the day to cut roses? Fairly extensive tests made a few years ago showed that roses cut late in the day kept their petals longer than those cut in the morning. The keeping quality is based upon the sugar content of the leaves, which is highest about 4:30 p. m. Who originated the custom of observing Sadie Hawkins' day? Alfred G. (Al) Capp, creator of the cartoon strip Li'l Abner, was the founder of Sadie Hawkins' day. He had been featuring Li'l Abncr and Daisy Mae, his faithful but unappreciated sweetheart. To g iv e the girls an opportunity to date the men Capp pictured Sadie Hawkins' day in 1937 and 10 colleges celebrated it the first year. By November 1940 observance had grown to include move than 350 institutions of higher learning and towns. Which is the correct spelling, whiskey or whisky? Both spellings are correct. In Britain it is customary to spell the word with an "e"; in the United States, without. The plural of whisky is whiskies; and the plural of whiskey, whiskeys. How long has Sarona, the new capital of Israel, been in existence? Sarona, which lies to the northeast of Tel Aviv, was built by Christian peasants from Wurl- temberg, Germany. From 1868 onward several small communities were founded by this sect, known as Tempelgemeinde, the members of which had migrated to the Promised Land to establish model towns. When was the bald eagle adopted as a national symbol? The bald eagle was chosen by congress on June 20, 1782. The eagle, for ages a symbol of strength, probably first appeared as an American symbol on a Massachusetts copper cent coined in 1776. What is the distinction between veal, calf, and yearling? Generally speaking bovine animals are classified as follows: Vealers, under 3 months of age; calves, under 9 months; yearlings, from 9 to 18 months; mature cattle, 18 months or over. What was the profession of John Howard Payne who wrote "Home Sweet Home?" Payne was a United States consul in Tunis at the time of his death. Before that he had been an actor and playwright. He had composed an operetta, "Clari," which was not a success and he wrote "Home Sweet Home" to earn money for the rent he owed. What is the largest bronze equestrian statue in the world? The largest statue of this type is the statue of Victor Emmanel III in Rome. The 2nd largest is the statue of General Grant in Washington, D. C., which is less than one-half foot smaller. How many regularly scheduled helicopter airlines arc in operation? The Los Angeles Airways, Inc., operates the only one in the United States. It shuttles all air mail between Los Angeles airport and about 20 suburban communities encircling the city within a radius of 50 miles. 16, the Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeavures TRYGVE LIE, born July 1896, secretary-general of United Nations, once led the trade union movement o J Nor w a y. He started his union work while a high school student. After ^ graduation from law school he was made legal adviser in the labor movement. That led to work with the labor party whicl. rose to power in 1935. He entered the cabinet and was foreign minister of his nation's government in exile during the war. Mason City Globe-Gaxerte An A. U. l-F.t MIUSI'AI'ER Isi-ued Every Week Dav by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 1U1-123 Kast Slate St Telephone 3EOO LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER - - Advertising Manager Friday. July lb, 1948 Entered as second-cla.ss matter Ann) 12. 1030, at the postofficc at .\U'si>n City, [own, under the act ol March 3. 1819. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRKSS. which Is exclusively entitled to use for rcpiib- licatlon of all local nc\v* printed In Ihi* newspaper as well as nil AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clcnr Lak» . (Carrier Delivery Limits* One ycnr 113.00 • Or>« week 25- Outnlde Masnn City nnd Clear Lakr Bui Within 100 Milcj, of Mason City H.v innil one jeiir . $ U.OO By mail six months S 4.~?> By carrier per wccli 2i Outside 100 Milo Zone by Mnll Only One year $12,00 Six months $ B.SO rM month! » 3.M

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