rout 1RONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Glob* is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Supersonic Financing An important decision on the financing of the American supersonic commercial airliner is awaited. When President Johnson on July 1 Announced that -the program would be accelerated, the part covering development costs was vague. The President said he would request from Congress $140 million to cover the government's part of the cost for the ]8 months beginning Aug. 1, The Federal Aviation Aqencv on the following dav announced a $2 million increase in July research contracts. FAA contracts with the four manufacturers involved with the supersonic airliner (SST) program called for total spending of more than $5.6 million for July, S2 million higher than 'he monthly level of funding over the past year. Lockheed and Boeing under the new con- tiacts were to receive Sl.l million for airframe .development in Julv. They would spend S375.- 000 of their own money. General Electric and Pratt & Whitnrv were to Deceive for the. month slightly o\er 51 million. The two companies would spend Soo-'lOOO of their own money. Contracts were to be renewed on a month-to- month basis. These contracts were in line with the previous 75-25 percentage cost-sharing, with the government of course bearing the heavier load. FAA when questioned by Editorial Research Reports on July 28 said that no decision has been made on cost-sharing after Aug. 1. President Johnson's acceleration of the SST program disappointed enthusiasts and critics alike. Aviation Week and Space Technology, (he authoritative trade publication, warned that the development scheme was being "flogged to death with feathers" Opponents -had hoped that the SST would be given a decent burial. The President noted tbat his stepped-up program was a "threefold increase in the amount of funds we are spending." The acceleration, he said, was "clearly justified by the progress that has been made over the last four years and, particularly that made over the last several months." The Washington Post expressed its belief tbat: "The President has taken the moderate and . . . wise course" but that it was uncomfortable "to think that the chief beneficiary of government-financed research and development which may eventually cost $1 billion in private industry which gets the contract to manufacture the plane." (Other estimates put the eventual costs as high as 82 billion.) But the newspaper said that the "hard facts" were that the four companies, even together, "just don't have that much money to spend on research." In renly to the Post editorial. Claude Witze, senior editor of Air Force and Space Digest, pointed out that private industry was sharing the SST risk, and added his belief that President Johnson "obviously thinks you are wrong and that the chief beneficial'}' will be the United States of America." If the many technological problems still ahead are solved, the prestige benefits to the United States are obvious. This country is in effect engaged in a race with France and Britain, who are developing the Concorde sup'< ersonic transport, and the Russians, who are working on the TU-144. Business Week reports 'hat the British and France think they already have a head start with the needle-nosed Concorde. The advantages in terms of general prosperity for the United States to become supersonic transport builders to the world are clear, as are the profit potentials for the aviation companies. There remains, of course, the question of whether the price is too high to pay. Nice to Know You, Peggy Have vou noticed the increasing use of name lags by the people who serve the public? You know your cute little waitress is Peg- <_rv because she tells vou so on her uniform. The salesgirl in the drug store is Florence and the lady who shows you the latest in housewares is Mrs. Heilman. The garage mechanic is Butch, as you can plainly see by his coveralls. The furnace repairman is foe and the bundryman is Alexander—a more formal type This is a distinct step forward in muss communications and it is interesting to speculate on how far it may go. Will the day come when the austere bank- president gaily flaunts the name "Smitty" on his well-tailored jacket? Will His Honor the judge sternly impose sentence in somber robes emblazoned with "Mac"? Can a U.S. senator deliver quite the same punch as he takes the floor to denounce the frivolities of the other party if he sports"Shorty" on his chest? It is probable that somewhere along the line the time-honored business card may continue to implement introductions in certain professions. But for thousands of Americans the name tf-g is not only informative but also a definite step toward warmer, friendlier relations with the customer. And who can argue against a trend like that? So fill 'er up with premium will ya, Buddy? Great ( name you have there. Happens to be the same as mine! Wood That Isn't Man may be able to make a tree, but thanks to his atomic and chemical wizardry, the wood from trees is being turned into something better than Mother Nature was ever able to produce. A new process, developed by West Virginia University under contract with the Atomic Energy Commission, involves impregnating wood with a liquid plastic, then subjecting it to radiation. The result is an immensely tough but easily worked wood-plastic combination which retains the natural beauty and appearance of the "original wood. The AEG has just issued an invitation to wood products companies to submit samples of wood, which will be custom-processed at no charge and which they can then fabricate into finished products for testing. The new wood is a marvel now. In a few years it will be a commonplace in our homes and stores and offices. Hay fever is the most common allergy disease, a distinction not lo be sneezed at. World Food Shortages WASHINGTON-Famine on a wide scale in the world's underdeveloped regions appears unavoidable if the poor nations do not start producing food as fast as they produce people. Food-short countries in Asia, Africa, the Nfid- dle East, and Latin America already are on the threshold of starvation. They have managed to stave off disaster so far because of huge grain shipments from the United States and a few other food-surplus countries. ; Yet the vast output of American farms cannot avert calamity indefinitely if the world's jx)pulation continues to soar at the present rates. According to United Nations data, the present world population of 3.3 billion will have doubled by the year 2000. The growth, moreover, will occur mainly in the underdeveloped nations where the masses even now live in what can be described as a state of conditioned starvation. There are 180,000 new mouths to be fed ever}' day—65 million every year. By 1975, food Supplies will need to have risen by more than 35 per cent merely to sustain people at today's unsatisfactory diet levels. Some economists believe that famine conditions will emerge within the next five years unless emergency programs to increase the yield of land already under cultivation are launched at once in the food- deficit nations. Tin's conclusion is expected to be underscored in a report on the world situation to be submitted in the near future by a U.S. government interdepartmental task farce. The report also may propose another increase in the Food for Peace program. Some $1.7 billion worth of American food surpluses •re now shipped abroad annually under this program. ;; A major expansion of the Food lor Peace program would appear to offer an easy and dramatic solution of some of the current agricultural problems At one stroke U.S. farm surpluses would disappear and hunger would be •t least momentarily relieved. But the solution is not as simple as that, America's bounty is not inexuastible. Even if it were, problems of transportation and distribution might defeat the effort to feed hungry people everywhere. At one time last spring 27 ships containing grain were lined up outside Bombay harbor awaiting unloading while many Indians in the interior were going hungry. Some experts argue that food-aid programs onl delay the day of reckoning. Food aid has permitted governments of food-deficit countries to let serious agricultural and population problems ride. And Indian economist recently contended that heavy imports of U.S. food grains had been used to artificially depress grain prices, thus discouraging domestic production and creating a still greater need for food imports. American officials are unlikely in any case lo accept the classic solution for food-population imbalance. In Ben Jonson's words. "Famine ends famine." No famine since the end of World War II, whether in a country friendly to the United States or in a country not friendly, has been ignored by Washington or the American people. But American planners may place one condition on stepped-up food shipments abroad. Recipient countries may be required to increase food production on their own land. Most of the land that can be farmed economically already is In production. Any increase in yield, therefore, will have to come from more intensive cultivation and more generous use of fertilizer. This means that the governments of the poor countries will have to increase public investment in agriculture and abandon ambitious industrialization programs. Food production and birth control will have to be given top priority, even to the neglect of other desirable public programs. It is becoming clearer every day that the hungry nations have little time- left to come to grips with their problems of excess people and deficient food resources. Moment of Decision Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE | be appointed chief justice, a WASHINGTON — Small won-1 statement was issued by Glenn der that the Supreme Court of: R- Winters, editor of the Journal the United States has stead i 1 y! of the American Judicature So- fallen into disrepute in recent, ciety, in which he said: years as it has developed into an oligarchy of politically rather than judicially minded individuals. Now President Johnson has selected Abe Fortas—his p e r- sonal friend of long stand i n g who has never had a day's experience on the bench—to be one of the nine justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. This is in line with the unfortunate trend of the past several years. Other presidents besides Mr. Johnson, Republican as well as Democratic, have appointed to the Supreme Court political associates or partisan supporters with a controversial background. <» <r « Just what criteria do presidents use in making appointments to the Supreme Court? They sometimes look for outstanding law>> ers rather than experie need judges, but often there are political factors involved. Occasionally a member of the Senate with a legal background is appointed, and several men have gone to the Supreme Court "Today the total prior judicial experience of the members of the Supreme Court consists of Mr. Justice Black's 18 months as a police judge and Mr. Just i c e Minton's eight years on the federal appellate bench." Mr. Winters declared it was possible to overemphasize the need for prior judicial exper i - ence, but added: "It seems more than clear that it has actually been badly underemphasized. There are great and distinguished judges today on both state and federal courts eminently qualififed for the judicial and The International Whirligig By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON, — It Is nice to know that our spy outfit — the Central Intelligence Age n- cy — is in the news again, with both the Soviet Union and Egypt growling complaints about American cloak-and-dagger activity in their back alleys. That old charmer, President Oamal Nasser, claims that a political attache at our Cairo embassy actually is a CIA Communism's conspiratorial empire. The document was the secret speech delivered by Nikita Khrushchev at the 20th Party Congress in Moscow in 1956 when he put the skids to Joe Stalin's memory. Khrushchev set out to keep the speech a secret because he decided i t would be unwise to let its full impact be felt throughout the world. His plan was to give the new policy to the world's spy who .bought information j Communist faithful a little at a from an Egyptian newspap e r editor. And Pravda has officially admitted the existence of an anti-Communist underground in Russia owned and operated by the CIA. CIA, of course, does not like to make headlines except when time. By carefully issued statements and policy switches, he hoped to accomplish Stalin's posthumous downfall by d e - grees. a * * MANY YEARS AT WORK But CIA got its hands on the it has carried off some coup, | speech through a defector with- but stories like those emanating Cairo for and Moscow are average Ameri- in the Politburo who had become disenchanted when he was passed over the promotion sev- admlnlstrative responsibilities of j tnere ls little doubt among the *li A **Vtl ill 4tintIsiAe*foiw" > »- » _*___.!. .. , . from good for the can's morale. They let him know j eral years earlier. The man nad CIA is busy in the department j worked for CIA ever since, and of dirty tricks, a most neces-1 probably still is on the job. At sary weapon in the Cold War. Since CIA spends upwards to a billion secret dollars a year on its spying operations, the citizen appreciates an occaslona 1 hint that all that dough isn't lavished on wine, women and song. * * •& MANY YEARS OF WORK Pravda's charge that CIA's anti-Communist underg r o u nd advocates "sabotage and d e s- truction" within Russia is typical Kremlin hyperbole. But the chief justiceship. wise boys hereabouts that such any rate, when the State Dep a r tm e n t released Mr. K's speech to a startled world thousands of disillusioned Reds were bitter factional disputes In Poland, Hungary and East Germany which were climaxed by bloody violence. There is also evidence CIA has an organization boring from within In Communist China. A dozen or so years ago, Mao Tse-tung addressed a "secret" meeting of a Communist delegation from several Latin American countries and gave the del- It may be that the articulation; an organization exists. Allen of these and similar views had j Dulles, father of the mod e r n an effect subsequently on Presi-i CIA - set it; JJP n? ore tnan 15 dent Eisenhower, for in his later j y ea ™ a »° when he began reappointments to the high court! Bruiting __disaffected he nominated such objec t i v e- ~ " minded and experienced fed- officials on various levels. These are known as "defectors who desert eral judges as John M. Harlan, i P lace — men Charles E. Whittaker, and Pot- Communists secretly and ter Stewart, all of whom main ln their posts in order to in the r e - egates instructions filtration methods, detailed report on on new in- CIA had a the' session before the delegation arri v e d back home. These instances show CIA at its operational best — in the gathering of information worldwide, in the communication o f that information to headquarters and its speedy evaluation for the guidance of makers. We foreign policy can stand a lot have made significant contribu-l 1 * a ° le to feed secrets to CIA. tions to constitutional law. Butj One important product of this the trend has since turned the defector organization came t o | more of that kind of thing, and light nine years ago when CIA | a firm hold-down on CIA's fre- got its hand on a document that' quent attempts to make foreign other way again, and it is surprising that spokesmen for the bar associations, who stress the need for a law," are willing to sit by without protest as political rat her than juridical training becomes the major qualification for appointment to the highest court of the land. o f t e n spread uncertainty, confusion policy behind the State Depart"rule of j and resentment throughout merit's back. Dental Health (Copyright, 1985, New York! By W. LAWRENCE.E D. D. S. Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene from congress or from the cabinet. Every now and then a U.S. attorney general or solicitor-general in the Department of Justice has won promotion to the Supreme Court. Some of these appointees have made a fine record, and it is possible that Mr. Fortas may turn out to be a well-balanced and fair-min d e d justice who is able to forget his early espousal of "left-wi n g" causes that made him a controversial figure in the "new deal." He is only 55 today and has a long period of time ahead in which to adjust his thinking to Judicial doctrines. Men in the political world, however, are not inclined to abandon their views when they ascend to the bench. As justices, they do not usually in their decisions forsake their passions or preconceived" ideologies. Justice Douglas is as much an outspoken liberal today as he was in "New Deal" days. On the other hand, Justice Black, an Alabaman who was exposed after his appointment as having once been a member of the Ku Klux Klan, has never shown the slight e s t sympathy for the objectives of that secret cult. But it would be easier for justices to rid themselves of any previous political prejudices or partisanship if they could serve a few years in the Supr e m e Court of a state or in an appeals court of the federal judiciary before being selected for appointment to the Supre m e Court of the United States. This correspondent, discussing the prevalent indifference to the need for men of judicial experience or service on the highest court of the land, wrote in a dispatch on Oct., 1, 1953: "President Eisenhower says he chose governor Warren (to be chief justice) because of his middle-of the-road philosophy. What has that to do with the interpretation of the statutes or the settlement of controversies between citizens, especially when fundamental questions of constitutionality are involved? ... "There is no middle of the road as between right and wrong in determining a judicial question. Congress may pass good or bad laws, yet whether they are consitutional has to be decided not on the basis of any particular philosophy of government but on their actual set By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (NEA) — There's an old frontier story about a famous Indian medicine man. When a \yhite scout with an incurable sore on his hip asked the Indian if he could heal him, the redskin doctor said yes. Whereupon he tied the white man to a tree, ordered a poker heated red hot in a campflre and thrust into the man's side. When the victim regained consciousness he weakly taut angrily asked what the Indian thought he was doing. "It's simple," said the medicine man. "I didn't know how to cure that sore. But I do know how to cure a burn. Now your sore is gone and you have a burn. I can handle that." The question is whether the United States with a red hot poker (a massive influx of modern arms) can convert an old- fashioned guerrilla war (which we don't know how to fight) into a conventional conflict (a t which we are adept). History gives a mixed answer. The Japanese failed i n China, the French in Indochina and Algeria. The United States succeeded in Greece and the British in Malaya. The Philippine government put down the Huks. Long years ago, after a long struggle, the U.S. Army defeated the American Indians. There are critical points to note about each successf u 1 an- tiguerrilla campaign. Modern weapons were v e ry useful. They were not the d e - ciding factor. None of the antiguerrilla wars in fact, were won by directly defeating the guerrilla forces. No war against guerrillas was won until five major objectives were achieved: 1. The guerrillas were cut not in battle — but when the whites killed off the buffalo. The Greek guerrillas were defeated when the borders were sealed. Chief Complaint: "Doctor, the whole left side of my face aches. I can't bite anything on that side; it makes all my teeth hurt. It hurts when I bend down, and even worse when I lie down. Sometimes it throbs." History: Mrs. Pont is a young-1 ish woman, approximately 35,' and apparently in good gener a 1 The Malayan guerrillas were !nea i tn . Sne claims regular visits controlled when the non-Com-| to her dentist, periodic prophy- munist farmers and their foodj i actic treatments and year 1 y supplies were sealed off from; bite-wing X-ray exams. She the underground fighters. j 2. Some successful program | Indi prellrninary to an India . was initiated to give the enemy * J guerrilla a chance to surrender and live with his family and children in a better world than xn trade Five years ago — Belgium withdrew 1,500 troops from the off from their major foreign and domestic supplies of weapons, ammunition and food. The plains Indians were finally defeated — Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sunday* by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E. McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919. (Ironwood News-Record acquired AprO It 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May S3. 1946.) Second class uostege wood. Michigan. paid •' Iron- MEMBER or THE ASSOCIATED PREM The Associated Pr«M Is entitled exclusively to the us* lor repubication of all the local new* printed In this newspaper, as well •• «11 AP news dispatches Member of Am«rlc*n Newsp»p«r Publishers Association, tnteramerlcan In the Philippines, the Huksj were offered farming land. The; Indians were given reservations, j however meager. 3. Some way was found to separate the guerrillas from the loyal or neutral country and city folk. The guerrillas were rooted out of the safe areas, not left to build underground a s they did in Algeria, Indochina and China. 4. Borne form of orderly government and police protection! was offered in the hamlets, vil-| lages and cities to those who! remained on the government antiguerrilla side. 5. The ordinary people on the government side (and the neutrals) saw an opportunity for gradually bettering their lot. The lesson of history would seem to Indicate that modern weapons will not win the Vietnamese war unless these five criteria are followed with strong determination. Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Saturday, July 31, the 212th day of 1965. There are 153 days left In the year. Today's highlight in history: On tnis date in 1777, the Marquis de Lafayette offered his services to the American Congress. He was promptly accepted and made a major general. On thif date In 1790, the government issued its first patent, to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont, for a process of making potash and perl- ash, used in soap and glass manufacture. In 1877, Thomas A. Edison took out a patent on a device to reproduce sounds, foreshadowing his later development of the One year ago — The U.S. spacecraft Ranger 7 crashed into the moon after sending back more than 4,000 pictures of the lunar surface. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temp e r atures: High 86, low 67 . . . . Nineteen Wakefield Boy Scouts and Troop 101 which is under the direction of Edward Doney, attended a week's camping session at Camp Fidelity on Amnicon Lake near Superior. . . . The Bessemer Little League All-Stars will leave Wednesday morning for Green Bay to take part in the National Little League Association sectional tournament . . . . Three Gogebic Range iron ore mines operated by P i c k- ands, Mather & Co. have been awarded Certificates of Honor by the Joseph A. Holmes Safety Association for their outstand i n g safety records. They are: Sunday Lake mine, Anvil-Palms mine and Newport mine. 20 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 81, low 62 . . . . Members of the Ironwood Rotary club were taken on an inspection of the new Gary mine surface plant following their weekly luncheon at the 8t. James says, ". . . my mother Is 71 and still has all her own teeth and I have my mother's teeth." About four weeks ago, Mrs. Pont had a severe upper respiratory Infection, accompan i e d with "lots of blowing and sneezing." There is no previous history of sinus trouble. Examination; Mouth is clean and healthy, and there are obvious signs that Mrs. Pont spent considerable time and effort maintaining good mouth health. Lips, tongue, cheeks, gums and soft tissues are normal. There are a number of fillings in her teeth but they are well done, properly contoured and polished. There is no clinical evidence of decay. X rays do not reveal any abscesses, or periodontal d 1 s- ease, or any decay under fillings or between teeth. Occlusion was checked and no eccentric biting pressures were observed. Teeth are not sensitive to hot or cold but are sensitive to pressure and percus s i o n. Pulp testing indicates vitality of teeth on left side is within normal limits. Diagnosis: Mrs. Font's problem is not with her teeth. Signs and symptoms point to a sinusitis. Sometimes mucous membranes of sinuses become Inflamed and swollen as a result of upper respiratory infect ions. Swelling produces pressure on upper back teeth, the roots of which border on the floor of the sinus. Comment: Mrs. Pont was referred to a nose and throat specialist for consultation and treatment. Hotel today A service of Please send your quest ions about dental health to Dr. Law- recnce in care of this pap e r. While he cannot answer each letter personally, letters of general interest will be answered in this column. Timely Quotes I've always been dismayed by the planned obsolescence and shoddy workmanship in all too many American cars. Too many American businessmen are in- thanksgiving for the safe return erested I th nk - ""' Association. Bureau Michigan Press Association. Au Bureau of Circulations. ol Advertising, idlt conformity to the powers forth in the Constitution." in the same week in 1953, but, before it was known who would | th* w**k, to Subscription rates: By mall within m radius of 60 miles—per year. Ml six months, Mj three months. <3; one month, SI .50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service is maintained Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month SI SO. All mat) i In 1314, Austria ordered general mobilization and moved troops to the Russian frontier. In 1929, the Graf Zeppelin started across the Atlantic with 19 passengers and a stowaway. It reached Lakehurst, N.J., on Aug. 4. In 194], the Japanese 'occupied French Indo-China. Ten years ago—The Pakistan government reduced the value of those members of the congregation who have thus far been discharged from military service, will be held tonight at 7:30 at St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Hurley .... Wakefield and 1 Ironwood battled to a 3-3 tie in ; 10 innings at Wakefield last night, the game being called on account of darkness. n "' good rather than in being good. —Author Walter Henry Nelson. Swimming in itself is completely inane as an activity, but A Daily Thought By faith the people cross e d the Red Shea as if on dry (and; but the Egyptians, when they attempted to do the same, were drowned.—-Hebrews 11:29. It is cynicism and fear that freeze life; it is faith tha thaws it out, releases it. sets it, of Its inpee to the game rate as free.—Harry Emerson Fosdick. train people to get or- and to live actively and with interest. —Dr. Alfred Bochner, of San Francisco, on the value of swimming to teen-agers.
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