Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on November 25, 1955 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Friday, November 25, 1955
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Th«W«ath*r Rain or snow tonight. Low .2733. Cloudy, coid; snow; flurries tomorrow. 50; low, 26; noon, 34. • River — 3.97 feet. Relative humidity — 65 per cent. VOL. LXXXVL—NO. 324 Associated Prtu Service—AP WiVephoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1955 International Newt Strrict 32 Page* 6 CENTS ^^^•^"^^M ^ ' _______ French Boycott Of UN Near End ICCOrders Removal Of 'Color Line' Segregation Ended On Trains. Buses In Interstate Travel WASHINGTON Ml — The Inter State Commerce Commission toda. ordered an end to racial segrega tion on interstate trains and pas , senger buses. It ruled too that seg regation of interstate travelers ir public waiting rooms is unlawful The commission, in years pas has gone along with the theorj that separate accommodations for the races met the requirements o the Interstate. Commerce 'Act, so long as they are equal. -:. But it said in today's • rulings"The .disadvantage to a. traveler who is assigned accommodations or .facilities-so" designated as to imply his inherent inferiority sole ly because of his race must be regarded under present conditions as unreasonable. Point To Annoyances "Also, he is entitled to be free of annoyances, some petty and some substantial, which almost inevitably accompany segregation even though the rail carriers, as most of; the defendants have done here, sincerely try to provide both races with equally convenient anc convenient and comfortable * Cars and waiting rooms." The ICC returned its findings in two separate cases. One was initiated by the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People against 13 railroads, operating principally in the South. The other case was brought before .the commission by Sarah Keys, New York City beautician. She charged that while serving as a WAC in 1952, she was refused further-transportation by the Caro- lina-iCoach Co. of Raleigh, N. C., when she refused a driver's demand that .she move to the back •^ of the bus at Roanoke Rapids, '*- N. C. One Member Dissents The orders in these cases outlawing segregation drew one dis sent. Commissioner j. Monroe Johnson of South Carolina, one of the 11.members, asserted: "It is my opinion that the commission should not • undertake to anticipate the (Supreme) Court and itself become a pioneer in the sociological field." . Commissioner Everett Hutchinson of Texas was announced as "necessarily absent" and not participating. Commissioner Richard F. Mitch ell of Iowa did not take part in the bus proceeding. The ICC took note that the Supreme Court asserted in its historic public school ruling of May 1954 that "the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as noting the inferiority of the Negro group." The commission recalled that race discrimination complaints have been coming before it since two months after its organization in 1887. In that year, the ICC ruled that solutions "should aim at a result most likely to conduce (sic) to peace and order, and to preserve the self respect and dignity of citizenship of a common country." However, the commission said that present circumstances are far different from those of 1887, add' ing: (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4) Two Soldiers Killed In Riot NICOSIA, Cyprus IB—Two .British soldiers were killed yesterday as violence continued against British control of; this island crown colony. Three other soldiers were rounded. One private was killed when rebels opened fire on two army vehicles near the village of Khan- dria. An officer and another soldier were wounded. A sergeant was shot and killed In Nicosia while walking along a road. A homemade grenade thrown at a British jeep in Nicosia slightly wounded another Tommy. to meet her request. Senate Group To Shun Check On Union Due She Received "lev From M olotov Mrs. Rae Ann Hillman of St. Louis is shown at her home with two dolls she received recently from Russia in response to her letter last July to Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov for a pair of Russian dolls to add to her collection. She said the dolls apparently had been made especially . (AP Photofax) GOP Solon Asked Quiz On Political Activity Spending WASHINGTON Iff) — Chairman Hennings (D-Mo) says his Senate ubeommittee on constitu- ipnal : rights will not check on whether labor union members are eing made- to contribute to help olitical causes with which they re out of sympathy. Hennings wrote Sen. Curtis (Reb) yesterday that' the subcommittee has a policy of staying lear of problems that are "ca- able of full solution . . . - by the ourts." Curtis had suggested "possible ncroachment on constitutional ights" might be involved in com- laints of some union members lat they have been "required to ay dues and other assessments" o support political parties and can- idates not of their own choosing. Replying, Hennings said he un- erstood "the precise question riiich is raised in your inquiry" is ow before the courts in a case in- olving charges that the CIO Unit- d Auto Workers violated Taft- iartley Act provisions .dealing ith political. contributions pending. and 16, Rescues founger Children n Divelling Blaze <j BUFFALO, N.Y. wi—Two young oys, bewildered and terrified, rere led to safety from a burning ouse yesterday by a quick-think- ng 16-year-old youth. Firemmen said Gary Arvidson; wakened by the screams of the oys, smashed a second-story win- ow with his fist, .gulped some resh air and led his younger rother William, 11, to safety. He then turned back and found 2-year-old Kenneth Palmer, an vernight guest, ,in near collapse om smoke inhalation. Gary ushed Kenneth down a stairway nd out of the house; >oss Quits Post GETTYSBURG, Pa. UP) - Presi- ent Eisenhower today accepted IB resignation of Hugh ; W. Cross s Interstate Commerce Commis- ion chairman. Cross has been un- er fire by Senate investigators. l •• •'••• i . • •' -.- ' .." • • •" •'. Stiff Prison Terms Imposed By Reds,After Riot At Game MOSCOW MV-Stiff prison sentences have been given 12 persons for starting a riot at : a football game in Armenia. Veteran Western observers say the severity of the sentences, ranging up to 25 years, indicated political motivation in the rioting and smoldering discontent in the area. • The 12 were tried by the Armenian Supreme Court. They were charged with fomenting the riot Oct. 12 after a disputed decision by a referee at Yerevan, capital of the Armenian Soviet Republic. Observers pointed out that in addition to the length of the sentences, it was extremely unusual for defendants in such cases to appear before the Supreme Court and for the case to be. publicized. The riot and court action were reported in. the Yerevan newspaper Kommunist, which was received here. • The newspaper said "groups of hooligans and criminals using dissatisfaction of a part of the d-owd at the result of the game started riots." H said attempts were made to lynch the referee, and spectators and militiamen were stoned. Rain, Snow Due Early In Week BALTIMORE ,W> —. Five - day forecast: Rather cold over the weekend, with snow flurries in the west and rain elsewhere, followec by clearing Saturday^ Fair Sunday and Monday, somewhat warmer Monday. Tuesday and Wednesday colder with rain or snow aboul Tuesday. Temperatures will average 2 to 5 degrees below normal; .Normal temperatures are afternoon highs about 44 in Western Maryland and near 50 in the eastern section. Guard Patrols Struck Plant, Talks'-Resume. NEW CASTLE, Ind. UP)-National Guardsmen continued around;he-clock patrols of the Perfect Dircle Corp. foundry area today jut no violence had been reported since Connersville infantrymen entered the city Thanksgiving Eve. Maj. John S. Anderson, the unit commander who also is mayor- elect of Connersville, said no" disorders of any kind had been reported. Gov. George, N. Craig ordered out the 95 troops after a fresh out- areak of window smashing at the 'oundry and shotgunnings of non- strikers' homes. Guardsmen had jeen withdrawn only six days ear- ier after patrolling the area since an Oct. 5 gun battle between non- Irikers and striking CIO United Auto Workers. Negotiations are to be resumed n Chicago tomorrow in the 18- veek-old strike. Federal mediators have said the main obstacle to a settlement is the UAW demand for union shop. Six Rescued By Boy, Nine CHICAGO HEIGHTS, 111. Ufl-Po- ice today credited'a 9-year-old boy h saving the lives of six of his >rothers and sisters last night in a fire in their home. Police Lt Ezell Irons of Chicago Heights, a Chicago suburb, said Toe Bradley , Jr. raced into the burning house several times to carry or lead the children, rang- ng in age from 2 months to 8 'ears, to safety.. A baby sister, )enise, 15 months, died in the blaze. The ^youngsters' parents were away from home at the time. Kef auver Hits GOP Help To Power Lobbies Cites Dixon-Yales Contract And Says Probe To Continue WASHINGTON lift —'Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn) says the repudiatec Dixon-Yates power contract "is merely one instance" of what he terms Eisenhower administration concern for "the selfish interests of private power lobbies." Promising a continuing Senate investigation, Kefauver said las' night the- government's' decision to pay no damages on - the cancelec contract will not slacken the pub lie vs. private power battle. Kefauver is chairman of a Senate Antimonopoly subcommittee which leard testimony that bulked large n a government decision to regarc Jie contract as invalid. That decision was announcec Wednesday by the Atomic Energy Commission. It held that the con tract, which it signed-' at the di- •ection of President Eisenhower nvolved a "conflict 'of interest.' The Dixon-Yates group disputed .his, saying it would, challenge the action in court. In taking credit for the AEC decision, Kefauver and other Democrats made it clear they look on :he Dixon-Yates matter as a po- ,ent political issue. Peer Makes First Speech In House, On Rabbit Topic LONDON MV-The Marquis of ?holmondeley (pronounced Chumey) made his first speech in the House of ; Lords last night after 32 •ears in the British Parliament's august upper house. "At long last," he told his fellow peers, "I have been brought to my eet by "the wish to do something about rabbits." Speaking with weighty emphasis he 72-year-old Lord Great Cham- )erlain, who is Queen Elizabeth's custodian of the houses of Parliament and theatrical censor among ther posts, said: "I know a neighbor who will not ry to catch his rabbits and the Dnly way to deal with him is by drastic legislation." Slock Market Higher NEW YORK tf) - A slightly higher tendency developed in early dealings in the stock market today. Government Policies Hit By Farm Leaders Al Surplus Crop Sale In Other Nations Cited * Grange Claims U. S. Blocks Competition And Slashes Income CLEVELAND W)—While a farm emergency exists at Home, the gov ernment is blocking competitiv sale of surplus crops overseas b encouraging old customers to rais iheir own farm products, the na tion's oldest farm organizatio: charged today. Such government practices ar making "second-class citizens" ou of the little and middle-sized Amer ican farmers, whose • income ha dropped to prewar levels, it \va stated in a report adopted las night by delegates to the nationa Grange convention. The Grange has a membership of 850,000 in 37 states. Its 89th an nual convention closes today. "Emergency" Cited "American agriculture is in a state of emergency," the repor said. It added: "Neither 90 per cent, nor 75 pe cent, nor 60 per cent price suppor levels provide any assuranc against the buildup of surplu stocks of major export crops a iong as government policies bloc the competitive'sale of those crop on the world market. "As one branch of the govern ment is sponsoring lower pric supports and advocating curtai! ment of production, another brane of the government is restricting foreign sales and endorsing hug expenditures to expand the agri cultural output of foreign nation: :hat once were our customers. "Those foreign nations are nov competing -'with us: .and undersell ng us." " " "' ' :i Point To Low Incomes Delegates were told that 9 per :ent of the nation's farmers pro- !uct 51 per cent of farm commod- tics that move commercially. Some 1% million farmers earn ess than $1,000 a year, while on a omewhat higher scale are 3,300, TO family farmers. . The report said their incomes lave been sliding down.in order o foster agriculture in other-coun ries, at the same time that the nation's wages, corporation earn ngs, retailing, processing, communications companies and other larts of the economy are experien ing record prosperity. Patient Held In Surgeon Slaying Reich Army To Get Tanks BONN, Germany tJt—The German army will have more than ,300 tanks, the Defense Ministry announced today. A spokesman aid most of them would be the American M47 Patton heavy tank German army planners also are ioping to get some M48 Patton anks, the latest type now in serv- ce with the U.S. Army. The M48 mounts a 90mm. gun, weighs 97,000 ounds and costs almost $110,000. The United States has agreed to eliver a "considerable quantity' f arms to the new West German rmy. Stump Meets UN East Leader TOKYO W) — Adm. Felix B. tump," Pacific commander in fiief, met today, with Gen. L. L. >emmtzer, United Nations and J.S. Far East commander. Stump is on a routine visit to 'avy installations in the Far East. Red China's Peiping radio said oday that on Formosa' Stump eld "discussions on • increased upply of U.S. military equipment Chiang Kai-shek and the train- ng plan for the use of new weap- ns." It asserted he and Chiang ^changed views ons.' 1 on war prepara- Robert Martin, an Ottawa, Ont., carpenter; shown with two policemen, is being held for the fatal shooting : of Dr. RexHylton, an orthopedic surgeon at the Ontario Workmen's Compensation Hospital. Martin, a patient, shot the surgeon with a rifle in his office. ;'•'• / ;• .'-.- '•;(AP, Photofax) 'State Of Siege'Seen RIO DE JANEIRO MV-A declaration of .state of siege, approvet by Congress, was expected to take effect today. -.,. . . ; All that was needed to'put Brazil under a modified form of mar tiar law was publication of the declaration in the gpryernmenit's official bulletin. ••--••••• ^-'-••>.:•*•••-•. :The Senate .voted final legislative approval last night 35-15. Earlier in the day the Chamber of Deputies had approved the measure requested by Provisional Presidenl Nereu Ramos, 178-91. Prime. object of the declaration is to prevent the Supreme Court from reinstating Joao Cafe Filho in the presidency. He took a leave of absence Nov. 8 after a slight heart attack. Powerful army leaders headec by the war minister, Gen. Henri que Teixeira Lott, opposed Cafe's resumption of power. They suspect him of participating in an alleged plot to block the inauguration next Jan. 31 of President-elecl Juscelino Kubitschek, political heir of the late President Getulio Vargas. Congress extended Cafe's "disability" from office indefinitely. He appealed to the Supreme Court, which has not ruled "in the case. Cafe is now under virtual'house arrest. There were some indications party leaders in the violent political feud ranging around the presidency were seeking peace. They were observed in whispering huddles during the congressional debates. They declined t'o speak for publication, but they indicated they were trying to compromise their dispute. Jury To Probe Fatal Shooting Of Sportsman MINEOLA, N, Y. W-The case of the shotgun death of William Woodward Jr. goes before a spe cial session of the Nassau County grand jury today with the widow who killed the millionaire sports man scheduled to be the star wit ness. Appearing voluntarily to tell he: story that the killing was an ac cident, Mrs. Ann Woodward mus waive immunity — meaning tha anything she says could be uset against her in any possible, prose cution. Authorities have not challenged he 39-year-old widow's story tha she shot into a dark hallway, of th( )yster Bay home at a noise she .bought was caused by a prowler Jer husband, who was at the doo of his bedroom across the hall was hit in the head by a shotgun charge and died almost instantly Police Quell Georgia Riot SAVANNAH, Ga. (J) — Police ired a tear gas bomb into an un uly mob which staged a two-hour iot in the heart of Savannah lasi night after the annual Savannah High-Benedictine football game. The bomb did tha job—but noi until six policemen had been in ured and hundreds of dollars worth of fire-fighting equipmen lestipyed. Several persons were irrested for disorderly conduct. Two of the officers were hospi- alized briefly. Police said between 6,000 and 7,00 students, adults and spectators ammed the area. Veteran Film Actor Dies HOLLYWOOD—(INS)- Funeral ervices will be held next Monday or veteran actor, James A. Mill- can, 45, who died after a brief ill- ess. Harrimnii Says "Truth Recognized' * * Governor Cites Criticism Of GOP Brought No Rebuttal ; NEW YORK in-New York Gov. Averell Harriman says Republican eaders have "obviously recognized he truth" of his criticism of Amer- can foreign policy during a Western speaking toi^r. Harriman told newsmen as he arrived by plane yesterday: "The Republican Ii i g h command,«in trying to answer what I said in Seattle about foreign pol cy, obviously recognized the truth ol my analysis since they avoided any comment on the facts that Ii brought out—that the Communists had gained, our cause had lost during the three months that the spirit of Geneva reigned." Harriman'made one-day visits to Seattle/ Milwaukie, Ore., and Lewis ton, Idaho, to speak in behalf of Democratic candidates. In his Portland speech he criticized Republican handling of natural resources, in Lewiston, from where h« flew here, he accused the Eisenhower administration of a deliberate, attempt to driv* (arm prices down. He left LaGuardia field by auto for Thanksgiving dinner at his Arden, N. Y., country home with his wife and family. He will leave here Wednesday for the South, Me plans to fly to Mobile, Ala., aod then drive 40-odd miles north for a day of deer hunting with a group of Democrats. . H», will be the. guest of Gov. James E. Folsom of Alabama and Rep. Frank Boykin at the Boykin game preserve in Mclntosh, Ala. He will spend Thursday *t the Boykin preserve and go to New Orleans Friday.; He will speak in New Orleans and Oklahoma City Friday and Saturday and then return to Al baqy. Debate Over geria Due For By-Pass Faure Seeking Vote As Regime In Peril Of Being Defeated BULLETIN * UNITED NATIONS, NVY.'tfJ. —The U. N. Political Commit-" tee agreed unanimously today!" to drop the controversial Algerian problem from the 1955 agenda of the General Assent.. Wy. This was expected to end-~ the French boycott which be-: gan Sept, 30. By TOM HOGE UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (^ France's boycott of the U.N. General Assembly was believed near an end today-with agreement reported on a .plan to drop the explosive Algerian question from the Assembly' agenda. Informed sources said the Asian- African bloc and France have'ap-, Droved ah Indian resolution declaring ho discussion of the issue is lecessary. at the present tim« and Jie Assembly is no longer'con- cerned with the question. No serious opposition was foreseen and.the French boycott was expected to'be:called off by the end of the day.-': Walked Out After Vote France walked out of the Assembly Sept. 30 after a 28-27-vot« :o debate Algerian nationalist!* 'ight for independence from France/ : , The :Asian-African bloc supported lie nationalists. The French maintain Algeria ii a part of metro- jolitan France,. making the issut i domestic problem and.outside U.N. • jurisdiction. An Arab spokesman said the Asian-Arab group did not now in- :ehd "an appeasement of the French." "It is up to them to come back or not," he said. "But in Algeria;; as in Morocco, negotiations ' are. under way. We do not wish to prejudice .these negotiations, arid- so we; will not press the issue." . : Onf anotherj'iouehjr .question '-£••* Uie"admission -of 18 applicants' to ; he U.N. this ;year — the United States appeared to have relaxed; ts adamant opposition to Communist Outer Mongolia. •'":••-. A Western source said the Amer- cans now realize such friends as taly, Japan, Spain —. all among he 18 applicants involved — would blame the United States if its op- >osition to the central Asian satel- ite stalled the membership package deal. Soviets Plan Veto The Soviets have said they would eto all the non-Communist candidates unless the five Communist countries — Albania, Bulgaria, lungary, Romania and Outer Mon- ;olia — got in. The Western in- ormant said the United States still would abstain.in the vote on all he Reds, but was about ready.to et Canada and others line up suf- icient ballots to admit all 18 governments. Mure Calls for Vote, Fonts Quick Elections PARIS On — Premier Edgar Taure, fighting against'delays in program for quick elections,, asked today for -a vote of confi- lence on the question of starting lebate next week for an electoral eform law. The vote will be on a procedural question. The agenda committee if the Assembly this morning de- Continued on Page 2, Col. 4) CHICAGO tf) - Next Thursday is S-D Day, set apart to test the effectiveness of pleas and campaigns for safe driving. President Eisenhower's Commit- :ee for Traffic Safety designated Dec. 1 for the nationwide observance. The idea behind S-D Day s to achieve a sharp cut in traffic deaths and to emphasize to pedestrians and motorists that safety s an everyday proposition—not ust. on holiday weekends. The Associated Press will keep abs on traffic fatalities throughout he 24-hour period. Safe Driving Day Set For Thursday Miami Due To Get To Curb Mishaps Toledo Franchise MIAMI, Fla. tfl — The Milwau- <ee Braves will transfer their Toedo franchise to Miami immediate- y if owners of the other American Assn. clubs will agree to the move. This was disclosed today by Josph E. Cairnes, executive vice resident of the Milwaukee Nation- l League team, and Knox Elredge, general manager of Miami tadium. • Cairnes and other Milwaukee of. cials will consult the seven presi- ents of other American Assn. earns in Columbus. Ohio, Sunday. tke Resumes Work Schedule, Will Confer With GOP Chief GETTYSBURG, Pa. .WI - It's >ack to work today, for. President Eisenhower after a family Thanksgiving on his farm. The President planned to confer t his'downtown Gettysburg office with the Whit* House staff secretary,'Col. Andrew Goodpaster, on 'number* of "official matters. Not much other business was in ight for the weekend, but on londay, the* chief executive will csttme a steadily increasing gov- rnmental and political pace. He is scheduled to meet then vith Republican National Chairman Leonard W. Hall for th* first Rutk tim« since his heart attack hi Denver two months ago. '..'.' Last night, as dusk crept over the gently rolling battlefield landscape. Thanksgiving turkey, with the usual trimmings was Mrved to nine Eisenhowers gathered at the President'! country place. At * big table inside an cncloMd porch were the President and Mrs. Eisenhower; Maj. and Mrs. John S. Eisenhower, the chief executive's son and daughter-in-law; th« three grandchildren, David, B««y bara Ann and Susan; and Dr. Milton Eisenhower, the President's youngest brother, with his daufhtef

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