Daily Journal lOlslYEAR NO. Ill FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA56537 FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc Suspect believed to be Intruder at Kronholm home Consideration of evidence is under way MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — The FBI is trying to determine whether there is a connection between the March 15 abduction of Eunice Kronholm and an intruder who entered the Kronholm residence. A young Chicago-area man was shot by FBI agents Thursday morning about a mile from the Kronholm residence. The FBI said Danny L. Caliendo, 20, Forest Park, 111., is the man who disarmed two officers and fled Wednesday night after police answered a breakin call at the Kronholm residence in Lino Lakes. Caliendo was listed in critical but stable condition at Unity Hospital in Fridley. Authorities conducted an all- Liddy gets suspended sentence WASHINGTON (AP) - G. Gordon Liddy was found guilty on two counts of contempt of Congress today despite a plea that "his lips were sealed" against telling what he knew about the White House plumbers unit. U.S. District Judge John H, Pratt gave Liddy a suspended sentence of six months on each count. In suspending the sentence and putting Liddy on one year's probation, the judge noted what he called the extenuating circumstances that Liddy is already serving a heavy sentence in connection with his Watergate conviction and other con-, tempt conviction. Liddy had told the court he would appeal if convicted and said he had rejected a proposed compromise for going back to the House subcommittee before which he had refused even to be sworn in'. Laddy's lawyer, Peter L. Maroulis, and Watergate prosecutor's counsel Philip A. I,aco- vara had agreed Liddy could purge the contempt by going back to the subcommittee, taking the .oath, but then refusing to answer any question under the Constitution's Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination. Liddy is now serving a contempt sentence in the District of Columbia jail for refusing to testify before the Watergate grand jury. When that sentence ends next month he faces a sentence of from six years, eight months to 20 years on conviction of burglary, conspiracy and wiretapping in the Watergate break-in. night search of the area near the Kronholm residence in an attempt to find the intruder, and Caliendo was seen walking along a road about mid-morning. They said he answered the description of the man who had been at the Kronholm residence. The FBI said Caliendo ran when an agent identified himself, then threatened to shoot and appeared ready to do so. Agents said they fired at Caliendo and he was wounded in the face and chest. Two .357-jnagnum revolvers belonging to the disarmed policemen were found in Caliendo's possession, along with a .32-caliber automatic pistol, authorities said. He was charged with assaulting a federal officer. Police said Caliendo is unable to talk because of the face wound, but was able to answer some questions by scribbling on a. note pad on the way to the hospital. Officers said Caliendo indicated he was from Chicago and had driven to Minneapolis. A 1973 black Toronado registered to Caliendo was later found at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. The incident was the latest in a series of events which have cast an aura of mystery about the Kronholm abduction, which a few days ago had appeared only to be awaiting trial. Mrs. Kronholm, wife of South St. Paul banker Gunnar Kronholm, was taken from the couple's home the morning of March 15, and was released some 80 hours later after her husband paid $200,000 in ran. sorn...Mpst of the money was recovered.'"-" James W. Johnson, 35, Lakeville, and Frederick Helberg Jr., 42, formerly of South St. Paul, were indicted on federal extortion charges and state kid- naping charges in the case. Thomas G. Hodgman, 31, Brooklyn Center, faces a federal extortion charge. Last Saturday Johnson, who is free on bail, was shot in the head when a car pulled alongside his vehicle on an interstate ramp near Lakeville. He said he had been given a message to meet someone at a bar, but had left when no one showed up. Johnson was released from the hospital Wednesday and issued a statement that other persons not yet arrested were involved in the abduction. He said "the hoodlum element downtown is involved," but refused to elaborate. The FBI said it was checking on that report. Meanwhile, Lt. Richard Continued on page 16 SO THE FLAG CAN FLY — To replace a broken rope on the flagpole at the National Guard Armory this week Fire Chief Ken Hovland climbed up the fire department's aerial ladder. Assisting him were Sergeant Donald Johnson and fireman Kaare Fosmoe. (Jo«-m«l photo by Hurley Oytoe) • WASHINGTON (AP) Stocked with facts and sworn to secrecy, members of the House Judiciary Committee have begun to consider evidence in its historic inquiry into possible impeachment of President Nixon. During a long, closed briefing Thursday, the committee received a detailed account of events leading up to the Watergate break-in of June 17, 1972, and a thick pile of supporting facts. Members said the staff presentation reached no conclusions and did not relate directly to any presidential conduct. "It was strictly background," said Rep. John Conyers, D- Mich. "It was all familiar, nothing new," added Rep. Don Edwards, D-Calif. Both acknowledged, however, that the information presented Thursday links up with facts brought out in later sessions to form a pattern that would make it pertinent to the impeachment inquiry. The committee is scheduled to hold three more closed sessions next week, all devoted to Watergate and the ensuing efforts to cover it up. Five other areas of presidential activity involved in the inquiry will be dealt with in following weeks. In his opening statement, Committee Chairman Peter J. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., said the committee was acting under a resolution passed by the House "by a vote of 410 to 4" authorizing and directing it "to investigate fully and completely whether sufficient grounds exist" to impeach President Nixon. "We are proceeding under the mandate of that resolution. "I don't need to stress again the importance of our undertaking and the wisdom, decency and principle which we must bring to it. "We understand our high constitutional responsibility. We will faithfully live up to it." Hodino said. In his opening remarks, Rep. Edward Hutchinson, ranking Republican on the committee, said: "The power of impeachment is one of those great checks and balances written in our Constitution to ameliorate the stark doctrine of the separation of powers. But the impeachment of a president is more drastic, for it can bring down an administration of the government. The Constitution itself limits the scope of impeachment of a president to treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors." He cited a law dictionary published in Ixjndon in 1776 defining impeachment as "the accusation and prosecution of a person for treason or other crimes and misdemeanors.... And it is observed that the same evidence is required in an impeachment in Parliament as in the ordinary courts of justice." He added, "The standard it imposes is a finding of criminal culpability on the part of the President himself, measured according to criminal law. I trust that the members of this committee embark upon their awesome task each in his own resolve to lay aside ordina- ry political considerations and to weigh the evidence according to the law. I trust that each of us is resolved during this inquiry, schooled, skilled and practiced in the law as each of us is, to perform as a lawyer in the finest traditions of the profession...." Meanwhile, the Senate Watergate Committee continued its investigation. A committee subpoena was revealed seeking records of loans totaling $75,000 it says were made by President Nixon and his daughter Tricia to C. G. "Bebe" Rebozo. The disclosure came as Re- bozo's lawyer worked out an agreement with the committee limiting the scope of the subpoena, which called for a number of Rebozo's financial records. The lawyer, William Frates, complained that the subpoena even sought Rebozo's grocery bills. According to the subpoena, the committee wants the records of an unsecured $65,000 loan it said was made to Rebozo by Tricia Nixon Cox in March 1973 and an unsecured $10,000 loan made to Rebozo by Nixon in January or February 1973. The Watergate committee Continued on page 16 Mideast talks not encouraging Pennsylvania senator is latest to call for President to resign WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania added his name today to . a growing list of Republicans urging President Nixon to resign. In a letter addressed to the President, Schweiker said Nixon should step down because the Watergate transcripts released by the White House last week "reveal a total disregard for the moral and ethical values upon which this nation was built. "I am compelled to speak out,"Schweiker said. "I cannot remain silent in the face of the now obvious moral corrosion Report Issued concerning repair of President's homes WASHINGTON (AP) - The final draft of a House report concluding that $17.1 million in federal funds has been spent in connection with President Nixon's homes says action should be taken to recover any "improper expenditures." The report also recommends that future security spending be limited to only one of a president's private homes. White House Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler strongly attacked the $17.1 million figure, saying it includes all security, communications and personnel WEATHER FERGUS FALLS AREA Cloudy with occasional showers and a chance of a few thunderstorms through Saturday. Locally warmer today, cooler Saturday. High today 50s. Uw tonight mid 40s. High Saturday upper 40s to mid 50s. Chance of rain 60 per cent today and tonight, 30 per cent Saturday. High Thursday 46. Overnight Low 43. At 8 a.m. 45. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today .52 Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 59. Minimum 41. costs and not just work on the homes at Key Biscayne and San Clemente. "An honest report would show that out of the $17.1 million referred to, only approximately $205,482 was spent on the President's homes," Ziegler said Thursday night. The report is to be considered by the House Government Operations Committee on Tuesday. It reportedly had broad support of committee Republicans at a caucus Thursday. They had won some 150 changes from Rep. Jack Brooks, D-Tex., chairman of the subcommittee that drafted the report, generally softening the tone but not the conclusions. Copies sent to committee members were numbered to prevent leaks. However, The Associated Press was permitted to take extensive notes from a copy. The draft report says the $17.1 million includes $9 million bpent at San Clemente, $8 million at Key Biscayne and $176,000 at the Grand Cay retreat in the Bahamas. It says $7.6 million was for military and federal personnel assigned to the homes, $5.6 million for communications, $2.2 million for administrative support and $1.7 million for protection. The draft report does not al- lege any specific improper expenditures and does not estimate how much of the $17.1 million enhances the value of the properties. It simply recommends that "appropriate government agencies should seek restitution or take other appropriate action with respect to any improper expenditures of federal funds." Continued on page 16 destroying the presidency." Nixon has come under growing pressure to resign since releasing the transcripts 10 days ago. Some of the pressure has come from conservative Republicans who have supported him in the past. However, White House Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren said Thursday Nixon, "is determined to remain in office despite comments by some and the attacks by others." Appearing on NBC's "Today" show, White House counselor Dean Burch said today, "I don't think the President has any intention of resigning. 1 have no reason for believing the President is considering resigning." Burch said Nixon feels he has not committed any impeachable offense and feels obligated to serve the four-year term to which he was elected in 1972. Burch predicted Nixon would give that answer to any delegation that might come to the White House to seek his resignation. "It seems to me the President of the United States is entitled to due process," Burch added. Schweiker, who has often split with Nixon on issues, said he would not prejudge Nixon on issues relating to impeachment. But he said the edited transcripts of presidential Watergate conversations released last week "will inevitably destroy your capacity to lead our nation effectively for the remainder of your term." "I arn convinced you can best serve your country and the presidency by resigning now," Schweiker said. Schweiker is the third Republican senator to call for Nixon's resignation. Sens. Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts and James L. Buckley, of New York previously had called on Nixon to resign. "'ITiere is no question that the President's position is continuing to deteriorate," said a senior Republican senator. Another reported increasing cloakroom talk that Nixon would resign if the House votes to impeach him. Almost nobody in the House, in private conversation, now believes that impeachment is not a foregone conclusion, said Off Page One On Ihe local scene. Page 2 Fire tests conducted on 21 types ni walls. Page 3 FFA'ers reap honors at convention. Page 8 Area happenings. Page 11 Rep. Charles Wilson, D-Tex. New pressure for Nixon's resignation came Thursday from three top House Republicans and several Midwestern newspapers on the day the House Judiciary Committee formally opened its hearings on whether Nixon should be impeached. The statements that Nixon should consider resigning were made by Reps. John J. Rhodes of Arizona, the House GOP leader; John B. Anderson of Illinois, chairman of the House Republican Conference, and Barber B. Conable of New York, chairman of the GOP Policy Committee. Rhodes said Nixon "ought to consider resignation as a possible option" if it becomes apparent that erosion of public- confidence prevents him from effectively discharging his duties. He said "1 do not feel that we have yet reached that point" but said also that "the President is not having an over-all beneficial effect on the prospects of the Republican party." Conable said, "Obviously, the President does have to consider resignation as an option." But he added, "I am not recommending it." Anderson, however, said the President ought to resign for Continued on page 3 CAIRO, Egypt (AP) - Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger may return to Washington soon and let the Syrian and Israeli governments think about their rival disengagement proposals for a week or two, members of Kissinger's staff indicate. One senior American official said the negotiations to separate (he warring armies on the Golan Heights are "barely in the starting block," and so far the odds are less than 50-50 that Kissinger will be able to work out an agreement for a pullback of the Israeli forces. Although Israel is willing to give up all the Syrian land captured in the October war, it has offered only a token withdrawal from the Golan Heights territory seized in the 1967 war. The Syrians want much more as a first step toward complete Israeli withdrawal from the Heights. But the Israelis have given no indication of a retreat from their often-repeated stand that they will never return all of the plateau from which the Syrians shelled northern Israel at will. Now in the 10th day of his latest Middle East peace mission, Kissinger was meeting with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat of Egypt to bring him up to date on his shuttle diplomacy. It was considered certain that Sadat would do all he could to get the Syrians to accept a limited, first-phase Israeli withdrawal. But it was not known how much influence the Egyptian leader now wields with the Syrians, his allies in the October war. Kissinger flew to Cairo Thursday night after a meeting with King Faisal and Saudi Arabian officials in Riyadh. During his visit there, Foreign Minister Omar Sakkaf praised the secretary of state's "integrity, straightfowardness and truthfulness" and said: "We deeply appreciate the concern consistently shown by President Nixon and his interest in seeing a solution to the Near Eastern problem." Housing market gets fund boost WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon announced today he is pumping in an additional $10.3 billion to twister the nation's sagging housing market. The President said the money will be used to subsidize interest rates on conventional government-insured mortgages and to provide additional cash for the nation's savings and loan institutions. The savings and loans are the biggest contributors to the housing mortgage market. They have been plagued by declining money to lend as investors seek out more lucrative investments with interest rates soaring. President Nixon said the money the government is committing should help finance over 200,000 additional homes. The housing industry has been in a steady decline since 1973, with housing starts of 318,000 for the first three months of this year compared to 488,000 for the same period last year. The President's action expands a program initiated last January, when the Department of Housing and Urban Development committed over $6 billion to mortgage subsidies in an effort to spur construction of 200,000 new homes. The money was applied to Veterans Administration and Continued on pageS Eighth district DFLers ready for political battle ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) Democrats hold two district conventions in Minnesota Saturday, a free-for-all in the 8th District and a one-candidate runaway in the 1st! The 1st District convention at Rochester is expected to endorse Ulric G. Scott, Winona, the only announced DFL challenger to Republican Congressman Albert H. Quie. Scott, 41, is academic vice president at St. Mary's College in Winona and admits to once being a Republican who voted for Quie. Quie is rated a favorite for reelection but Scott calls him a "down-the-line" supporter of I>resident Nixon and says Watergate could turn the tide. The 8th District DFL om- vention at Grand Rapids opens Saturday but officials have prudently set aside Sunday Mothers' Day—for more balloting among at least six candidates. It's a new experience for the 8th, where Democrats have run the same candidate—John Blatnik-for the last 14 congressional elections. Blatnik, 62, is stepping down at the end of the year, leaving his powerful post as chairman of the House Public Works Committee. The field is headed by James Oberslar, 39, Blatnik's chief aide and the man Blatnik says he would like as his successor. Oberstar is from Chisholm and has been Blalnik's assistant since 1963. Blatnik has pub- licly supported him for party- endorsement. The major challenger to any would-be dynasty out of the Blatnik shop is State Sen. Tony Perpich, 42, F.veleth, the No. 2 man in the "Perpich Party." Tony and his brothers, Lt. (iov. Rudy Perpich and Sen. George Perpich, have nipped at Blatnik's political heels for years in the expectation they would one day challenge for supremacy of the DFL machinery in the district. Blatnik's retirement obsten- sibly came for health reasons, but there's an undercurrent of thinking that it came for political strategy. It forced Rudy Perpich to decide between running for congress or re-election as lieutenant governor. The oldest Perpich brother stayed with state government and will seek re-election as Ciov. Wendell Anderson's running mate. Ilad Blatnik stayed in office two more years, Rudy Perpich could have run for congress without giving up his state post. By running again for lieutenant governor, Rudy Perpich is taking the chance that Anderson might someday move on to the senate, leaving the governorship to his running mate. There are 193 delegates to the Rlh District convention, meaning it will lake 116 to get the 60 per cent needed for party endorsement. Most estimates point to around 65 or 70 votes apiece for Oberstar and Tony Perpich on the first ballot. This means there will have to be massive shifts to avoid a deadlock. At least two candidates may ignore the convention results and run in the primary against the wishes of DFL leaders. They are Slate Rep. William Ojaia, 49, Aurora, and Sen. Florian Chmielewski. 47, the polka band leader from Sturgeon lake. Others expected to trail Perpich and Oberstar in the endorsement balloting are Sen. Ralph Doty, 33, Duluth; Sen Sam Solon, 42, Duluth; Stale Kep. Irvin Anderson, 50, International Kiills. and Earl Gustafson. 46, Dulnih. Gustafson is a former legislator and former member of the state tax count. He is an attorney. Tony Perpich had once talked about having an open primary, letting all contenders take thei i-ase to the voters. But he announced this week he would support the endorsement system. The governor and party leaders have urged the convention to make an endorsement, no matter how long it takes. The series of district conventions winds up May 18 with the Republican 8th district session, also at Grand Rapids. Du- Uith Attorney Jerome Arnold. ;V2, is the only announced candidate thus far.
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