Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 20, 1948 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, July 20, 1948
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Page 8
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EDITORIALS Iowa Has Company in Income Tax Changes I OWA isn't alone in having made changes in its state income tax rate within the past 2 years. Several other states have taken similar action, either raising or lowering their previous rates. Although there were a number of somewhat complicated variables in the change made at the special session of the Iowa legislature, the overall effect, roughly, was a 50 per cent increase in tax liability. The new schedule calls for from % o f one per cent up to 3.75 per cent, depending on income. It really isn't high when compared with the rates in many other states. O NLY recently the Virginia legislature boosted its rates all along the line. Individual taxes were raised from 1.5 per cent to 2 per cent on net earnings below $3,000 a year, from 2.5 to 3 per cent on $3,000 to $5,000 incomes and from 3 to 5 per cent on higher incomes. Corporation levies went up from 3 to 5 per cent. New York extended a temporary 50 per cent reduction in its personal income tax rate through 1948, and voted a referendum last fall increasing the effective rate 10 per cent to help meet veterans'< bonus payments. Oregon legislation, effective this year, increased from 7 to 8 per cent the tax on individual incomes over $8,000 a year. Oklahoma, adjusted its individual tax rates downward, so that the maximum will be 6 per cent instead of 9 per cent. M EANWHILE, corporation income tax rates were increased from 4 to 5 per cent in Colorado, from 2 to 3 per cent in Connecticut, from 4.52 to 6.125 per cent in Massachusetts, and from 1.5 to 4 per cent in Maryland. Oklahoma reduced its corporate income tax rate from 6 to 4 per cent. Oregon lowered personal exemptions from $750 to ?500 for single persons and from $1,500 to $1,000 for married couples. Colorado also reduced exemptions by adopting a unit exemption system under which the taxpayer, his spouse and each dependent is granted $750. A unit exemption plan was also adopted in Vermont. In Arkansas, personal exemptions were increased from $1,500 to $2,500 for single individuals, and from $2,500 to $3,500 for married persons or heads of families. Oklahoma boosted personal exemptions from $850 to $1,000 for single individuals, from $1,700 to $2,000 for married persons or family heads. Exemptions for dependents were increased from $300 to $500. Look Out Below! MISSOURI AJAX Schnectady, N. Y., is 150 years old. The celebration is to be called the "Schnectady sesquicentennial." That's one that can be used as a sobriety test. Among the current red faces is that of the Canadian firechief whose truck caught on fire answering a fire call- About the only war that would have universal sanction these days would be one on mounting prices. An eastern beekeepers' association is planning a picnic. And, count on it, the ants will be there, too. Autumn hats for milady are to be small and light. But not cheap, we predict. Puppy love is being referred to as the beginning of a dog's life. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Good Job for Warren Cherokee Times: Governor Warren as vice president will find a worth while field of service if he is assigned to the task of weeding out unneeded federal employes and reducing the waste of billions of dollars now paid to unnecessary and unneeded "workers." Designation as -"workers" is largely a misnomer, as many thousands of those on the payrolls render scarcely any service in return for their salaries. Where Did They Come From? Clear Lr.ke Mirror: We noticed stories in several of the neighborhood weeklies about a quiet Fourth. We were considerably surprised at how much noise there was in Clear Lake this year over the Fourth. There were more fireworks shot off by individuals than any year since the fireworks ban became effective. Bumper Crops Osage Press: Bumper crops give the United States an opportunity to gain the friendship of a hungry world. By sharing our bounty with those less-fortunate nations, we can make a big investment in permanent world peace and friendship. .It's an obligation we dare not evade. Berlin Blockade Kiester Courier: If there are any Americans who continue to think that it is possible for the United States to get along with the soviet regime, the facts about the Russian blockade of Berlin should cause them to change their minds. U. S. vs. Russia Garner Leader: In America an hour's work pays for 6 quarts of milk. In Russia it will buy a 3rd of a quart. In America 3 hours work will pay for a cotton shirt, but in Russia it takes 320 hours of work. Landed Nomination Fairmont Sentinel: Truman landed the nomination—and, there are many who feel he'll be back in the saddle for another 4 years, and everyone will wonder how he did it. It's a Political Move Mankato Free Press: President Truman's action in calling a special session of congress has all the appearances of a desperate political move. High Cost of Cutting Estherville Daily News: Only God can grow a tree but have you priced, recently, the cost of having one chopped down or sawed off? Observing Fifth of U. S. Is Dry ; think it will surprise you to learn that now—15 years after prohibition's repeal-nearly a fifth of the nation's population live in areas which are legally dry. Estimates by state liquor officials and others indicate that between 26 million and 26.5 million Americans reside in states or localities which have voted to prohibit sale of anything stronger than beer. Between the.repeal of prohibition in 1933 and the end of 1947, 15,694 local option elections were held involving the sale of distilled spirits. Many were held last year. Out of 9 Chicago precincts voting on this question in 1947, 8 approved "no-license" bans on sale of liquor. But Chicago is still predominantly wet—only 168 of its 4,085 precincts prohibit sale of alcoholic beverages. Local no-license laws generally do' not mean that any adult hankers for a drink in vain. Most local liquor sale bans do not prohibit persons from ordering liquor delivered from adjacent wet areas. This explains the abundance of liquor stores in places like Chicago's Howard street, which is the dividing line between Chicago and Evanston. The latter municipality is a no-license jurisdiction. In all, some 4,934 local units in 35 states are under no-license restrictions on liquor sales. Kansas, Mississippi and Oklahoma are dry throughout. In one group of 19 states where local option vote is by cities and towns, 2,985 localities ban liquor sales. In 14 other states, 951 counties have voted no-license. In an overlapping group of 5 states, 998 townships and other small units are likewise dry. When Youth's at the Wheel can cite statistics to back up my insistence that the training of youthful drivers is»iust about the most important ttctor in cutting down traffic accidents. It's young drivers who have by long odds the highest fatal accident rate. A study recently made by accredited traffic authorities revealed that persons 16 years of age drove only 2.3 million miles per fatal accident while drivers between 45 and 49 years old covered 21.9 million miles per fatal accident. When drivers pass the 50 mark, their accident record worsens along with the decline of their physical abilities. But it never touches the youth mark in this disregard because o£ their added element of caution. Three-fourths of the 45 mil'ion drivers using the highways today, it was revealed, are between 20 and 50 years of age. There is about one woman driver for every 3 men drivers while the mileage of the average man is about twice that of the average woman. Approximately 6 per cent of the drivers involved in fatal accidents are women. But the real task to be accomplished is the training of youth at the wheel, through driver courses such as have been instituted in Mason City's schools the past year. Editorial of the Day Credo for Americans G EN. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER constantly increases his stature as an American of whom this nation can be most proud. The honors he earned in war are being matched by the credit and dignity he gives his role as a civilian. General Ike's reply to a Florida attorney telling why the general would not seek the democratic nomination for president is something every American may well ponder. "For whatever it may be worth I hope that, free of any slightest suspicion that my views are colored by partisan approach, I may devote the time left to me to preaching, teaching and living Americanism. "By that term I mean to include, among other things, devotion to the concept of human freedom and dignity of man; adherence to the system of free enterprise and recognition that a positive program of supporting freedom both at home and abroad is essential to our future well being." Here, in 2 short sentences, is a credo for all of us to adopt and do our best to live up to it, following the cxemple General Ike is setting. Away From the Farm D URING 1947 a million and a half people moved from the farms to towns and cities, while only a million reversed the process. , This trend is always deplored, yet it must be accepted as inevitable. Better machinery has raised the production per man and thus reduced the necessary numbers. Many farms are sti'l too small or too poor to keep families adequately, even when prices are high. Finally, high industrial wages exercise a steady pull. Thus the present trend is only to be expected, whereas if • depression conies and factories close, many city workers will drift back to the farm—where there's food' to be had. The rural population increase in 1945 and 1946 wasn't characteristic, being due to the;return of veterans, and of civilians from wartime jobs. TRAIN SERVICE pHARLES CITY PRESS: The day should not be Vx too far distant when Charles City patrons of the Milwaukee railroad are given fast, streamliner passenger service to Chicago. Patrons of the road between Mason City and Chicago, especially are entitled to this type of service at least on a once-a-day basis. The Milwaukee has introduced many of its better, more modern trains in other areas. This is understandable. Frankly there isn't the travel between Rapid City, S. Dak., and Chicago that there is between Chicago and Omaha or Chicago and Minneapolis as examples. Anyone who has ridden the Milwaukee into South Dakota knows how the passenger list dwindles as the train proceeds westward. On the other hand the trains between Mason City and Chicago frequently are crowded and generally are accorded a fine patronage. The patience of patrons in this area should not be tested too long before they are given accommodations comparable with those available elsewhere. The Milwaukee is a friendly road. This was particularly noticeable during World war II when the service on so many railroads deteriorated and so many railroad men were cold and unpleasant if not actually insulting, indifferent and impatient with patrons. The day is coming when all railroads again will be bidding for passenger service. Most Milwaukee employes won't have to turn wrinkles into smiles and convert attitudes of indifference into those of friendly solicitude. Good accommodations will help to keep people railroad travel conscious. The needs of patrons in this area deserve consideration. Do You Remember? To Your Health! By Herman N, Bundesen, M. D. A STUBBORN SCALP INFECTION D URING recent years a scalp condition known as tinea capitis, or ringworm of the scalp, has become a concern of public health authorities and a constant worry to mothers of school-age children. The usual victims are youngsters between the ages of 5 and 12. In many large cities this disorder has assumed epidemic proportions, sweeping through grammar schools like wild-fire and affecting large portions of the school population. Spread by contact with hairs on which the ringworm parasite is present, the principal places of contact are the home, school, playground, movie and barbershop. In occasional instances, it has been transmitted by animal pets. DR. BUNDESEN The d i s o r d e r apparently clears up of itself when the child matures. It is thought that this improvement may be due to the influence of certain of the glands of internal secretion which cause an increase of certain fatty acids in the skin and hair. The first signs of ringworm^of the scalp are patches covered with a fine, grayish scale. The hair becomes dry, loses its luster, and finally breaks off just above the skin surface, leaving a stubble. The diagnosis is usually easily made by examination of the scalp under what is called a Wood's light. The light is used in a dark room with the child directly under it. Diseased hairs will show brilliant, greenish fluorescence. The scaly areas appear turquoise blue in color. In order to confirm the diagnosis, a few of the hairs, which show fluorescence under the Wood's light, may be removed and examined under the microscope for evidence of the ringworm parasite. It would appear that the best treatment for the condition is removal of the hair from the affected areas by means of the X-ray. However, this treatment must be carried out by a well- qualified person in order to prevent permanent loss of the hair. Following the use of the X-ray to get rid of the hair, preparations containing mercury or iodine which destroy the parasites may be applied. Some physicians think a child with ringworm infection of the scalp should not play with other children, attend school, the theater, or Sunday school, nor go to the barber-shop until treatment to make the condition non-infectious has been given. It may be satisfactory to have him wear a skull cap at oil times, and the cap should be boiled after each wearing. The hair and scalp may be washed daily with a special soap. After the patient is considered cured, the skull caps should be burned so that they will not carry the infection to others. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS N. O.: What would cause a pain in the armpit? Answer: Such pain might be due to infection of the glands in the armpit or to some involvement of the muscles and nerves. A thorough study would be necessary to determine the exact cause before treatment can be advised. Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle of the AP AN APPRAISAL OF BLACK JACK N EW YORK, (/P)—It's taps for Black Jack. But the bugle that blows a final farewell for John J. Pershing, as he sinks to rest among his comrades at Arlington, lias already blown goodbye to the army and the wars he knew. For the American army and the methods of war have changed. The slim, chisel-faced man who earned, in 62 years of service, the highest military rank in American history, symbolized the army of the past. He entered the army when it was still chasing Indians whose grandsons now do it all over again for Hollywood. The prospect of major action seemed so remote, the status of an army officer was then so ]ow in social regard, that Black Jack almost quit the service to study law. His decision to stick it out has given him a shining page in history, which otherwise might have listed him in xin obscure and unremembered legal footnote. Pershing lived by discipline, but disliked his reputation ^as a disciplinarian. He went into an army of rough, tough, low-paid men who required even in peace the firm hand any army does in war. It was still really a frontier army, ruled from the saddle and transported into battle by the horse. In this kind of army Pershing fought the Spaniards in Cuba, quelled the Moros in the Philippines, and galloped after Pancho Villa in Mexico. Then ne wos called to head a mushrooming army of drafted men in a tremendous new kind of war in Europe. It was the war in which men learned—and had to learn fast—that engines, responsive only to their fuel, were better weapons than loyal horses who didn't mind missing their oats occasionally if that helped the boss man get along with his problem. That terrible discovery broke the heart of the old army, although no horse ever complained. It still disturbs many old officers, sentimental over the hoofbeats of yesterday. After the lasi war some tried hard to retain the horse cavalry. They lost. They might as well have plugged for a bow and arrow battalion just because they liked archery. As the army had to turn more 'and more to engines and machines, it required more and more skilled and intelligent enlisted men. And that meant it had to change its standards of treatment —in improved pay and less harsh discipline—to get the talented men it needs. The change is still going on. Pershing, reared in the tradition of the old army, launched the new American army on iis way in 1918. And then he stepped down, and the younger men finished its mechanization. Less loved than Lee, less personable than Eisenhower, Pershing showed none of Grant's human weaknesses but had the same iron determination and willingness to pay the price of battle victory. He died at 87, a military aristocrat as general of the armies, more admired by his own countrymen than understood. He never made a gesture to gain their affection. The people who really xinderstood Black Jack were the people like him—the old cavalry comrades he will meet in "Fiddler's Green," the heaven all good cavalrymen go to from Arlington. An Unfaithful Dog suppose you spotted that little story from California about the dog that fell down on its assignment and made possible a kidnaping. A man and his wife, being fond of drinking and dancing, had parked the perambulator containing their baby outside a night club and told faithful Fido to stand watch. The baby was kid- naped. What a dumb and unfaithful dog! Experience and instinct should have made it plain to him that papa and mamma dearly loved the gay life of the hot spots. Indifferent to their happiness, he allowed the baby to be kid- naped and thus ruined their evening. How could a dog be so faithless? Information, Please! 1. What is altruism? 2. In the nursery story, who set out to tell the king the sky was falling? 3. What is known as "milling" a coin? 4. Of what were Roman razors made? 5. What is an automaton? •Answers—1. Regard for, and devotion to, the interests of others. 2. Henny Penny. 3. The process of grooving the edge of the coin. 4. Of Iron. One survives in the British museum. 5. A self-moving machine. THE DAY'S BOUQUET T o PLAYGROUND DIRECTORS—for organizing and carrying through the stunt night program at East park for the hundreds of children who are enjoying the public playgrounds this summer. The recreation program set up for tho children of Mason City is one of the most valuable things for which this city is known. It is providing the children with a lo f of wholesome outdoor sport. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers n&lnf this service tor question of fact—not coun- ie j—should sign full name and address and inclose 3 cents for return postage.. Address The Mason City Globe-fia- iclte Information Bureau, Slfi Ey» Street N. E., Washington S. D. C, Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures 10 YEARS AGO Preliminary sketches and plans for the proposed new $300,000 public library building in Mason City were viewed by the local library board and the city council. They were presented byD. W. Carlson of the Chicago architectural firm of Holabird and Root which has been retained in connection with the project. 20 YEARS AGO Dr. L. N. Stott, who runs the veterinary hospital at 12 3rd N. E., has been appointed city superintendent of sanitation by City Manager P. F. Hopkins following the resignation of A. L. Wheeler who started his 3rd term in that capacity in 1925. Mr. Stott by virtue of his education in veterinary work and his army experience is well equipped for the position. 30 YEARS AGO F. T. Vasey of Charles City and superintendent of the schools at that place was today elected to a position as general superintendent of the Mason City public school system. Mr. Vasey has been head of the schools at Charles City for 5 years. He accepted the position there after teaching at Albia for some time. Mr. Vasey was reared at Liberty, Nebr., and completed his high school education there. He was graduated from the University of Nebraska and attended the University of Iowa, securing his master's degree from that institution. 40 YEARS AGO Three autos loaded with lovers of the sport at a racing circuit left this morning for Osage where they spent the day enjoying the speed stunts. In the 1st auto were Cliarles Swift, Charles Smith, Frank Hanford and Mosc Slanbery- In the 2nd were George ?Iughcs, N. C. Kotchell, George Galo and Ole Fclton and in the 3rd, A. G. Spohr, C. H. Gelo and Charles Cook. The day was ideal and the ride enjoyable. Elan Harper also took a narty in his auto. They'll Do It Every Time By Jimmy HaHo MORTGAGED HOUSE AGAIN TOOAV-WECAKIGIVE / NO. NO-DEEP IW {THE THROAT, LIKE THIS.' (AHA! NOW GIVE WITH \ THE TCEMObO-SPLEHCTD.' VTENEXXURS. PLEASE THOUGHT THEIR LITTLE OCTAV1US WAS A FUTURE CARUSO. POP HOCKED EVERYTHING TO TUNE THE KID'S TONSILS FOR OPERATIC CAREER ANOTHER YEAR NO, NO. DEAR ELL.TEN YEARS HAVE PASSED POP WILL NEVER GET OUT OF HOCK-AMD WHATS OCTAVIUS DONG? Has it ever been figrured how far a housewife walks in her daily tasks? It has been estimated that a woman in her combined capacity of mother and housekeeper takes 12,000 steps a day. Assuming each step to equal 2 feet, this is equivalent to a distance of about 4i miles. How much more territory can a person see when flying: at an altitude of 25,000 feet than he can see at sea level? On the surface of the sea at eye level the range of vision is 2 9/10 miles. At an altitude of 1.000 feet the range has increased to 39 miles, at 10.000 feet to 123 miles and at 25,000 feet to 13-i miles. "\Vliy docs -time seem to pass more quickly the older otic grows? One explanation that has been advanced traces it to the fact that in old age a year is a much smaller fraction of one's remembered life than in childhood. What was the Tokyo Express. The nickname was given to the Japanese ship train that reinforced Guadalcanal in World War. II. What is the greatest asre to which people have lived in the United States? Publicity has been given to the case of Noah Raby who died in 1904 at Piscatawny Alms House, N. J., at the reputed age of 132. Other famous cases were those of Mrs. Sarah Bos worth Bnuiway of Enstford. Conn., said to have been 107 in 1925. and John A. Stewart, a banker of New York, who was 103 in 1925. Why is a person who has taken out his first citizenship papers not allowed to vote? A man who has taken out first citizenship papers is not yet a citizen. He has simply declared his intention of becoming one and is, therefore, not eligible to vote. What per cent of the United States population consists of Ne- proes? The white population oC the United States constituted 89.8 per cent of the total population on April 1, 1940, the Negroes 9.8 per cent, and other races 0.4 per cent. What 3 patriarchs have their residence In Jerusalem? The Orthodox, Latin and Armenian. In addition there are an Anglican, a Jacobite and a Coptic bishop, and an Apostolic delegate from the Vatican. The Moslems have a Mufti of Jerusalem and the Jews have 2 joint chief rabbis. Where is the annual Diaper Derby held? The Diaper Derby, a popular baby crawling contest, is held each year at Palisades Amusement park, New Jersey. Are the fingerprints of members of the armed forces on file with the F. B. I.? If so, why is this? The Federal Bureau of Investigation says that fingerprints of members of the army, the navy, etc., are retained in the fingerprint files of the Federal Bureau of investigation. This file is not connected with the criminal file. PAUL V. McNUTT, born July 19, 1891, held key jobs in U. S. manpower agencies in World war II. He campaigned for the presidency in 193940, but then bowed to Roosevelt and the 3rd term. National Legion corn-' mander in 1928, he was Indi- 1932. He was ana governor Philippines commissioner and after his manpower assignments returned as ambassador. He now practices law. The bureau was authorized to take and keep fingerprints by an act of congress. It is the only federal agency available to do this and is the logical place to store these rec- , orcls. Are perfect numbers always even numbers? The only perfect numbers known are even numbers and they are very scarce, there being only 7 among the numbers ] to 40,000,000. A perfect number is a number equal to the sum of all its divisors (not including itself) as, for instance 6 which is equal to 1 plus 2, plus 3. How many professional baseball players were drafted in World war II? Jlow many major league players arc veterans? Organized baseball contributed about 4,000 players to the services, including 472 from the majors and approximately 3,500 from the minors. Sixty-five per cent of the active playing lists of the majors today are veterans of World war II. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W LEE NtUSTAPtK Issued Every Wrck D.iv hv the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. ^^r^r?->. Monday. V^g&g^ July 19. 1918 Emeri-cl as second-clas;, mailer April 12, 19.1(1, at the posloffice at Mason City, Iowa, under the net of March 3. 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, which \s exclusively cnlilled to use (or repub- llcation of all local news printed Ln this newspaper as •well as ail AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lalc« (Carrier Delivery Limits) On«- year 113.00 One week 25 Outside Mason City ond Clear Lake But. Within 100 Miles of Mason City fiy rnali ono ycnr S 8.00 • By mni) six months * 4.U < By carrier per week 25 Outside 100 Mil* Zon« by Mali Only • On« year jli.OO Six month* $(1.9(1 Thre* month* S 3.50

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