The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on May 8, 1974 · Page 4
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 4

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Wednesday, May 8, 1974
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Page 4
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wrnal OPINION PAGE WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1974 Editorials wtilttn by Jtirn Gray wx) cnvln Underwood Editorial Comment _^^_^____ People still refuse to buckle seat belts A mandatory safety belt law failed to pass in Minnesota despite urgings by safety experts. Most people, it seems, are more concerned about their freedom of choice. Readers of Business Week recently were asked to respond to the question: "Should motorists be forced to use safety belts?" Opponents outnumbered proponents seven to one. The basic point opponents make is the restriction on personal freedom. Mandatory use of safety belts is termed by one reader as "an overzealous, and ultimately unenforceable, government restriction" and by another as also "an infringement on the natural law of the 'survival of the fittest.'" Belt use is somewhat mandatory now in new cars that won't start unless front seat belts are buckled and it's difficult to by-pass the system. Opponents call that development a potential safety hazard as well as a persistent aggravation and an expensive device for people who are forced to pay for something the'y don't want. Proponents may be in the minority but they seem to have more rational reasons for their opinions. The lives that belts save are cited as far outweighing the sacrifice of individual freedom. The government has legitimate interest, they claim, when public money is used for medical care or when traffic injuries contribute to the increasing cost of health insurance. There are all kinds of regulations now that protect people from their own carelessness or stupidity. One of the proponents points out if he killed a person in an accident he would never get over it and he believes everyone needs all the protection that can be mustered. If safety cannot be legislated, another solution is offered. Changing liability laws so a person loses his right to benefits if he was not wearing his belt at the time of an accident would create an economic incentive. There have been lots of efforts made to promote safety belts but it seems people still need convincing that buckling up prevents deaths. What others say ATLANTA CONSTITUTION A VOTER'S HOLIDAY is debatable whether Humphrey and passed by the Congress at some point in the near future ought to set a maximum on the number of holidays that will be officially observed across the nation. Moreover the date of some holidays, such as the present observance of George Washington's birthday as the third Monday in February, never seemed more than expedient at best. Two states, Alabama and Hawaii, even had the audacity to move the birthday holiday back to Feb. 4. Washington was born on Feb. 22. One holiday proposal however that does make some sense is the amendment to the • omnibus campaign reform bill introduced by Sen. Hubert Senate. It would declare general election day a national holiday. Good candidates help bring voters out. But many citizens work long hours on one or two jobs and can't find time. An estimated 51.2 million eligible voters did not vote in the November 1972 election, comprising 37 per cent of the voting age population. Some of that can be chalked up to apathy. But one matter is clear about the Humphrey amendment" which also drew the support of conservative Republican Sen. Barry Goldwater. Such a holiday would put an end to most of the excuses. •Strictly Personali Status symbol forms vary By Sydney H.Harris Every group has its own idiocy, and when it derides the . idiocy of some other group it is blind to the fact that much the same argument can be turned around against itself. For instance, some young people were deriding the era of the long, large, ostentatious automobile as a mere "status symbol" that had no practical advantage. At the same time, they were listening to music through an audio system as expensive as the grandiloquent automobile they were laughting at. And what were they listening to? Music as ephemeral as a May fly, as insignificant as a butterfly's belch, for the most part. They laughed at the big car because it was a contradiction in terms and because so much was spent to get so little. Yet the same is true of their delicate and complex audio systems, refined to the ultimate in sophistication, not for play ing Bach or Beethoven, but for recording songs that will be as forgotten in a decade as Itty Bitty Fishes. There seems to be almost an inverse ratio among the audio nuts — the more they spend for these devices, the less worthy the music. It is precisely like using a chauffcured Cadillac to run to the corner for a pack of cigarets. (Now, mind you, this is not an old-fogey attack on all modern music, some of which is interesting and worthwhile; but most audio nuts fail to distinguish between pretentious noise and musical innovation.) These young people, moreover, use music as a therapeutic device — after a while it is no longer listened to — as an esthetic experience, • but becomes an almost subliminal accompaniment to eating, ironing, homework, and sundry other mundane tasks. And because of the omnipresence of music in their background, they are in a way building up a musical "immunity," like the people who are subjected to Muzak in dentists' offices or restaurants. As Lukas Foss. the fine contemporary composer, has observed, "We are on the way to becoming unmusical and tone-deaf." Overexposure can anesthetize us just as indiscriminate overeating ' deadens the tastebuds. This recalls the cautionary tale of the lighthouse keeper, who for years was lulled to sleep by the sounds of the machinery whirring about him; one night, when it suddenly stopped, he leaped out of deep slumber, calling out, "What Economic imbalance cited post worker gives testimony at Indian trial ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - A spunky, elderly woman who helped operate the Wounded Knee Trading Post says American Indian Movement (AIM) leader Dennis Banks justified the raid on the general store because the occupying force needed food, guns and other supplies. Agnes Gildersleeve, 70-year- old Chippewa Indian and former copartner with her husband arc! another couple in operating the store, testified at the trial of Banks and Russell Means. Banks and Means are charged with burglary, theft, conspiracy and other felonies in a 10-count indictment in connection with the 71-day occupation of the South Dakota Indian reservation village last year. The outspoken witness said she did not consider herself prejudiced against AIM, but didn't care for its program and methods. "Such things as destruction, and rioting," she explained. "But otherwise you have no prejudice?" asked defense attorney William Kunstler with a smile, as some spectators tittered. "That's right," replied Mrs. Gildersleeve. She said that in one of several talks with Dennis Banks during the 10 days she remained at the village she asked the AIM leader, "Why did you attack innocent people?" She told the U.S. District Court jury Banks replied: "You had the food. You had the guns. You had the ammunition. We needed it and we took it." . She also testified Banks and Means were "put out" about a phone converstation about the second day of the occupation. She had told a friend the 11 villagers crammed into her house were still "hostages." Mrs. Gildersleeve said Banks accused her of undoing the good that had been done in trying to arrange for U.S. Sens. James Abourezk and George McGovern to come and negotiate with AIM leaders. And she quoted Means as ordering a guard, "Pack that woman up and get her out of my sight." was that?" Modern audio equipment is a triumph of technique over content. And worship of the reproducing machine, for its own aural sake, is as fatuous and self-defeating as worship of the over-powered auto for its own sake. One man's "status symbol" is just another man's deitv. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1673 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck Business Mgr,James Gray, News Ed Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. Pi-n'-sr.fO b» FWOJS JOjrral Co f SIJ E Cran-.cyj :.-3,,Cx , .. . ... * - '• Dt: *ere<3 by carr.fr S?>:P(..T C 6," Srr.K M M. 5rr<M Si 15 Ot-.w sij'« VEVBE»0< "ME . lELEPHO'.E iavtrti.rx, Aar ia i s<x a, Se»s The witness said she was a native of Mt. Iron, Minn., and had lived in three other states before going to Pine Ridge, S.D., as a secretary with the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in 1924. She said she married Olive Gildersleeve, an "Indian trader," in 1931. The couple built up the Trading Post at Wounded Knee and added a museum about 12 years ago, she said. She said the Gildersleeves took in a younger couple, Mr. and Mrs. James Czynczynski, as partners in the store in about 1968. A large caravan of cars descended on Wounded Knee about 8 p.m. the night of Feb. 27,1973, said Mrs. Gildersleeve. She said she observed people hauling off supplies from the Trading Post in two vans and she alerted several law enforcement agencies but no help came. She said she, her husband and her sister who lived with them, Amelia Clark, stayed in their darkened house until several armed men came to their home and demanded they open up. Mrs. Gildersleeve said .one smashed a window with a rifle butt. She said those inside opened the door and turned on a light and one man she didn't recognize told them: "From here on out you are to regard Dredging transfer approved MADISON, Wis. (AP) - A federal court order was issued Tuesday permitting the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to deposit some spoil material from Mississippi River dredging upon land or water within Wisconsin. U.S. District Judge James E. Doyle's order amended one he entered in March enjoining the orps from depositing any spoil material on land or waters within Wisconsin. The amended order permits the corps to deposit spoil materials at Reads Landing and above Crats Island. Further, Doyle said, if soundings establish that the channel depth is less than 10 feet, the corps will be permitted without an additional court order to dredge and deposit spoil material within Wisconsin's boundaries at Grand Encampment, Fisher Island, above Winters Landing, above Brownsville, Beef Slough, Coulter's Island and Teepeeota Point. Doyle stated that all spoil disposition within Wisconsin boundaries shall be restricted to depths of 12 feet at Reads Unding and above Crats Island and to a depth of 11 feet at the other location. Doyle had enjoined the corps March 6 from dredging and dumping until guidelines for environmental impact statements could be drafted by the council on environmental quality. The dredging is carried out each year to ensure a nine-foot channel in the Mississippi. More than 700,000 tons of spoil material is dredged from the channel yourselves as hostages and political prisoners." Mrs. Gildersleeve said she later learned two of the armed guards who came into her home that night were Stan Holder and Carter Camp. She testified the second night she and five others were taken under guard in a "dirty" van to the Catholic church about a quarter mile away and forced to sit on benches all night. She said after the earlier exchange with Means and Banks about whether the 11 were being held hostage, she was ordered by AIM leaders to go to a government roadblock. She said she'd been told by AIM officials to assure government authorities they no longer were hostages. Two clergymen accompanied her. Two negotiating sessions including South Dakota Sens: Abourezk and McGovern followed that day and evening in and near Wounded Knee. Mrs. Gildersleeve said that at a roadblock manned by some of the occupying force he noticed two burned out pickup trucks from the store. She said she decided to remain at Wounded Knee to be with her family and relatives and home and once told Means and Banks, "I'll stay with my house. If you want to burn it, I'll stay with it." By JOHN CUNN1FF AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) - There are certain automatic phrases and assumptions about which the citizenry should be especially wary and critical, lest they fill their heads with misconceptions and disillusionment. This has long been so. For two decades Americans referred to "the balance of payments" and took pride in the nation's trading accomplishments, mindless of the fact that it really was an imbalance and the country was bleeding. Incredibly, you can still be served with the advice .that stocks are a hedge against inflation, although it is either a lucky or a brilliant investor who could demonstrate that contention during the past five years. There are lots more misconceptions. For many months you had the banks encouraging people to chase after daily compounding, suggesting that there was a big advantage over quarterly compounding, when in fact it was a matter of pennies. These are harmless, however, when compared to that automatic response that comes from government officials about "the fight against inflation." What fight, what battle, you ask? The response comes back automatically —the freeze, the Mayor Daley in hospital CHICAGO (AP) — Mayor Richard J. Daley, taking medication for high blood pressure and mild diabetes, underwent a series of tests Tuesday and was expected to remain in a hospital several days. A spokesman for the mayor said Daley's doctor, Thomas J. Coogan Jr., believes Daley "appeared to have been working too hard.'-' Frank Sullivan, Daley's news secretary, said the mayor spent a comfortable night in Rush- Presbyterian-St. Luke's Hospital. He said it was the first time Daley has been hospitalized since he became mayor in April 1955. He was admitted Monday. Inmate is sentenced STILLWATER, Minn. (AP) — A Stillwater Prison inmate who is now serving up to 40 years on a murder charge has been sentenced to six years on a federal charge' of possessing counterfeit money. U. S. District Judge Edward J. Devitt Monday imposed the sentence on Leo A. Kampa, 45, and ordered the new sentence to run concurrently with Kampa's state sentence. Kampa was found guilty March 22 of possessing two counterfeit $5 bills, which the government claimed were printed in the prison. Kampa pleaded guilty to second-degree murder in 1970 in the 1969 death of Linda Tem- bruell, 22, a St. Cloud Stale College student whose body was found in a cornfield near Northfield. Kampa was on work release at the time of Miss Tem- bruell's death. controls, the promises, tl)e dedication. But then you look at the government red ink and you question whether rhetoric and appearance constitute the real effort. While extolling the virtues of the balanced budget, the present administration will, by the end of the present fiscal year, have exceeded its revenues by about $68 billion. And another deficit is anticipated for 1975. Almost any economist will readily agree that spending in excess of revenues, especially to such a degree, is a fundamental and probably the strongest contributant to inflation. Another phrase repeated so often that it is seldorn questioned anymore is this: The prime rate is the interest rate commercial banks charge their most credit-worthy corporate customers. It is now 11 per cent, a record high. But is it effectively 11 per cent, or might it even be more? They'll Do It Every Time ^ LITTLE LEAGUE'S UNSUNG HEBOINE-THE COACH'S FRAU- THE OTHER MOTHERS HAVE NEXT TIME, I COACH--YOU PICK UP THE TEAM. 1 AN EXCUSE FOR NOT PRlVINS! LOTS OF KIPS, BUT NO GAS !~j I HER WY ISN'T CONE YET-THE UMP DIDN'T 10-.V FASSAREU. PEL.8APTOM SCHOOL M-Js-e Yes it could. A lot of very good customers pay considerably more than 11 per cent even though their credit rating is as worthy as any in the land. In addition to paying a fractional percentage over the prime rate they are also asked to leave 20 per. cent of the loan on deposit. That might bring the rate to an effective 14 per cent, although that in turn is reduced by the interest earned on the deposit. But the effective rate is influenced upward by another possibility — that the loan might be amortized, or paid back in installments over a period of tune. That has the effect of making an 11 per cent rate come out to more than 20 per cent in simple interest. More disillusionment is probably spread by so-called cost of living adjustments than any other misconception. In most cases those adjustments are made on last year's inflation rate — not on the higher prices to come. •Merry-Go-Round' Election master plan revealed WASHINGTON - A master plan for using the government machinery to win votes for President Nixon in 1972 is laid out in memos which the White House is still trying to suppress. The memos, stamped for the "Eyes Only" of the top Nixon aides, assign former White House staff chief H. R. Haldeman the job of seeing "that (government) programs are responsive to and coordinated with campaign needs." One memo reveals that "we have already started a number of thrusts to ensure that the power of the incumbency is used." In plainer language, this meant that the President was using his power over the government to generate votes. The master plan, at least in part, was put into effect. Grants were given to ethnic groups which supported the President. High-paying patronage jobs were offered to powerful politicians to lure them on the Nixon bandwagon. Government contracts went to the favored. Those who opposed Nixon were squeezed out. The plan was drafted by White House efficiency expert ' Fred Malek, who is now the President's deputy chief budget officer. His 1972 co-schemers were Haldeman and John Mitchell. The latter was then preparing to step down as attorney general to become the President's campaign chief. The Malek memos, dated Feb. 16,1972, are written in the high Watergate literary style which seeks to conceal from outsiders what it discloses to insiders.. Yet a close reading shows h'ow the White House planned to gear government policies to politics. Under Haldeman's guidance, according to the memos, the White House Domestic Council was already "posturing the President correctly ... on major issues" to gain maximum political exploitation. Haldeman also was supposed to work through George Schultz, then the federal budget boss with control over the purse strings, to make sure that government departments cooperated. "George's people will play a major role in seeing that departmental actions to the greatest extent possible are supportive of the reelection .effort," Malek proposed. Malek himself was to "strengthen responsiveness of patronage to campaign needs." This would include such tactics as throwing judgeships to powerful minority leaders. Malek also would guide government grants to opinion molders among ethnic, aging and other special groups. In addition, Malek was to use his influence at the White House and his "intimate knowledge of campaign priorities" in "guiding campaign voting bloc efforts." Twenty-five years ago — 1 949 ••^^••••••i Communist Eisler flees U.S. (from the Daily Journal for May 14-20,1949) Gerhart Eisler, fugitive Communist from the United States, was arrested and carried off the Polish ship Batory last night by four beefy British policemen. The squat, spectacled Communist, who jumped $23,500 bail in the United States where two prison sentences are hanging over him, had fled as a stowaway. A London magistrate today sent him back to jail for at least eight day's to await a hearing on whether or not he should be returned to the United States as a fugitive from justice. The State Department said today the United States had threatened to seize the Polish liner unless the captain surrendered the fugitive to British authorities. The Polish embassy protested Eisler's forced removal. JUNIOR-SENIOR BANQUET HELD "Wagon Wheels Westward" was the theme of the junior-senior banquet held Saturday evening at the First English Lutheran Church with 360 students attending. The prom was held at the Elks hall following the banquet. LUND AND ST. CLAIR ELECTED Dr. Carl J. Lund and Robert St. Clair were elected to the school board yesterday. They will succeed F. J. Kloster and" Ralph Sinner who declined re-election. NEW SCHOOLVOTE SET AGAIN The school board last night set May 31 as the date for a special election for voting on a school site and a $1,175,000 bond issue. The proposals are the same as submitted to the voters last month. JHG By Jack Anderson But outwardly, both Haldeman and Malek would remain on the White House staff, "keeping pressure on the programs discussed earlier and insuring that these programs are responsive to and coordinated with campaign needs," according to the secret political blueprint. Malek would bring "relevant campaign and Domestic Council staff members together to ensure latter are totally familiar with policy needs and priorities of various constituent groups." They would play upon the problems of these groups, such as "payment of prescription drugs for elderly" to generate votes. Malek would also use specially planted Nixon loyalists in the government departments to help the campaign. "My people would use the departmental political structure to make specific requests needed by the campaign," Malek explained, adding: "I anticipate no problem." The busy Malek would work with state officials on "priority environmental' projects or Presidential polity pronouncements" to rally voters behind Nixon. The memo stresses that "much of the success . . . will depend on actions by the President and-or the Administration." My associate Les Whitten reached Malek at the White House. The plan, Malek insisted, was never fully put into effect. "That wasn't done," he said. The proposals were merely "talking points," some of which never came up in his key meetings with Mitchell and Haldeman, explained Malek. Contrary to his assurances, however, our investigation found that many features of the plan were implemented. We will write more about this in future columns. PETROLEUM PLEDGE: Plagued by leaks about its shenanigans during the oil crisis, Standard Oil of California is quietly asking employes to swear a solemn oath they will not leak out "sensitive information." The ink was just drying on the loyalty oath form, however, . when it was leaked to us by a Standard Oil of California employe, along with other "sensitive" Standard Oil information. Under the instructions accompanying the loyalty oath, the employe swears not to "use or disclose sensitive company information .., during or after employment in a manner that might be prejudicial to the best interests of the company whether or not for personal gain." In fact, the employes are told to avoid even situations where it may look like they are leaking "sensitive company information." The company warns that it "will protect its legal position by taking appropriate action in instances where • it believes sensitive company information has been wrongfully used by an employe or former employe." At Standard's headquarters in San Francisco, an astonished spokesman demanded, "How did Jack Anderson get ahold of that form?" He insisted'the oath represented a "longstanding policy" and pointed out that the oath requires that the employes "understand" the rules, but does not threaten summary dismissal if the rules are broken. The spokesman said the loyalty pledge had nothing to do with current congressional efforts to squeeze information out of Standard and other AKAMCO partners following our revelations that ARAMCO has been bamboozling both Sn.idi Aniljui ..mi tin- I'S

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