Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on July 30, 1965 · Page 19
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 19

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Ironwood, Michigan
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Friday, July 30, 1965
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Page 19
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FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE - GOGEBIC COUNTY FAIR SUPPLEMENT NINE Report Given On Dairy Farm Trends' Study A study of trends on dairy farms over a 10-year period Is reported In the U. S. Department of Agriculture's The Farm Index as follows: Which farms drop out of business? The operations with fewer acres, limited investment, smaller herds and lower Incomes, according to a study of dairy farms in Wisconsin. The study was conducted by ERS in cooperation with economists at University of Wisconsin. ceased to be separate units during th 10-year period remained in production as purchased or rented additions to neighboring operations. N o n- farm use claimed 12.5 per cent oft the vanishing farms. The others went in the Soil Bank, were left idle, or both. Young Farmer Short Courses Set by MSU Education for the farmer of tomorrow is offered by Michigan State University today in a unique course. Each year the College of Agriculture offers the Young Farmer Short Course to future farm- t h e ers who want special training. The continued increase in the The purpose of the Wisconsin ? kills required for modern farm- research was to examine the characteristics of farms that dropped out of business between 1951 and 1961. • What happened to the farm families? Who took over the land; What changes occurred in the acreage and financial status of the farms? The study disclosed that only 189 of the 262 farms surveyed in 1951 remained in operation asj separate units 10 years later. One hundred forty-seven of the farmers were still on the same farm in 1961; 42 new farm operators had taken over the farms that became available. Th farmers who left during the decade gave varying reasons for leaving. Some quit because of health. Some said the income from farming was too low;.they found they could do better working elsewhere. - In a few cases, unusual circumstances forced the decision to move (the barn burned, the herd contracted TB and was sold, etc.). Among the older men, retirement or death accounted for most of those who left farming. To see what differences there were between the farms held by the same operators between 1951 and 1961 and those that changed hands, comparisons were made of the number of cows, average investment, farm and nonfarm income and acreage op- rated. The men who stayed on the same farm averaged 17 cows in 1951 and 22 in 1961. The farms that had changed operators during the decade had 19 cows in 1951 and 26 in 1961. The farms that had new operators had an average of 165 acres in 1961 compared with 129 acres 10 years earlier. Farmers on the same farms reported 154 acres in 1961 and 145 acres in 1951. Although the average inv e st- ment had increased for both groups, it was considerably higher for the men who had changed farms. They had land, buildings, equipment and herds worth $42,933 in 1961, compared with $35,286 for the men who stayed put during the 10-year period. The 1951 figures were $33,489 and $29,528, respectively. The new operators who took over these farms had lar g e r cash farm incomes compa red with the men who stayed on the same farm. Nonfarm inc o m e was more important for the men who remained on the same farm than for those who chang e d . Cash farm income for those who stayed on the same farms was $2,783 in 1951 and $2,895 in 1961, with nonfarm incomes going from $923 to $2,570. For the group of farms with different operators, the figur 6 s were $3,256 cash farm income with $300 nonfarm income in 1951. In 1961, the figures were $4,158 in returns from farming and $2,000 from off-farm sources. Roughly a fourth of the farmers who moved onto survey farms between 1951 and 1961 started farming with some sort of family help or partnership agreement; only 11 per cent of the operators on the same farms had family help. Half of the men on the same farms purchased their land when they began farming, compared with only a fourth of the men starting out in the 1950's. Half of the 73 farms t h a ing demand such training. That's the advice of Dr. Harold A. Henneman, director of short courses at MSU. The courses offered the Young Farmer curriculum have been designed for young men who expect to become farmers, farm foremen, herdsmen, o r farm managers. Student applicants must be high school grad- with ence. Henneman notes that with agricultural research going on all over the world and with new developments In machine r y , seeds, fertilizer, and livest o c k care, the farmer of the future needs to be better educated and keener than his present day counterpart. In modern agriculture, thousands of dollars of income can be lost through a single mistake in the use of automatic machinery, equipment, or improper usage of spray materials, the MSU director adds. With new developments and changes coming at such a rapid rate, the successful operat o r will be the skilled operator. The Young Farmer program is a two-year course with two terms each year. Each term Is eight weeks long, one before Christmas and one after January 1. This schedule permits the students to secure valuable training during the late fall and winter months with a minimum of time away from the farm. Students take classes in agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, soils and social science. Elective courses are offered in: animal husbandry, dairying, crop science, poultry, fruit and vegetable production and other areas related to farm- Ing. PIPELINE TRENCH—This is a view of the trench dug for the natural gas pipeline as it enters Michigan from Wisconsin in Ironwood Towflship. Although the line will go through some of the richest farm land in the county and will put some areas out of production for some time, farmers so affected are hopeful that natural gas will help uplift the local economy and thus assure a continued market for local agricultural products. U. P. Farm Tour Will Be Held Aug. 7 in Marquette County A number of scholarships are available for the short courses. Most Michigan bankers have adopted the Michigan Bankers' Association Short Course Scholarship program. These scholarships usually provide $100 for the first term of the MSU course. Application blanks are available from Cooperative Extension service offices and vocational-agriculture t e a c hers. The Caulkins Foundation of Detroit also provides a limited number of scholarships in t h e amount of $75 per term to third and fourth term students. These awards are made to stud e n t s with definite plans for becoming established in farming. Short course students ha v e use of the same facilities and programs made available t o four-year students at MSU. The lecture-concert s e r i es, travelogues, noted speakers, and the music, drama, and art productions all serve to supplement the practical agricultural training provided. Activity books admit students to ail these events, plus the fall and winter athletic schedule. This year's Young Farmer Short Course begins October 20. Students interested In further information should write to: Director of Short Courses; Michigan State University; East Lansing. The average visitor who drives through the Upper Peninsula then flies home, wri t e s back, asking, "Why didn't you tell me about the beauti f u 1 farming country away from the highway?" Visitors find it hard to believe that productive and competitive farming units can be carved out of the beautiful but hostile looking wilderness they see along the main highways. This year's Aug. 7 U.P. Farm Tour, set for the south central area oJ Marquette County, will dramatically show what industrious farmers can do with hard work, patience and machine r y needed to remove stumps and rocks and to drain swampland. The tout, intentionally set for a Saturday, will also hopefully draw city people from nearby Marquette, Ishepming, Negaunee, Iron Mountain, Cry s t a 1 Falls, and Escanaba and help them to understand why food is one of today's best bargains. * * * The tour, being arranged by Marquette County Extension Director Melvin Nyquist and Michigan State University Agricultural Economist Rick Hartwig, will begin near Wat son which is on county road 426 about 35 miles northwest of Es- canataa. From the north, Watson can be reached by taking 557 south from Gwinn and turning left on highway 426. First stop on the tour will be at the Paul VanDamme farm located approximately four miles north and two miles east of Watson. VanDamme, who was an outstanding 4-H Club memb e r, started in on a section of land in 1948, wrestling with the elements, stumps and rocks. Now Candle Warms Plants One person who, fearing late frost will hurt valuable plants put outdoors, places a short, thick, lighted candle inside upside-down empty pots among the plants to warm the air. ATTENTION Farmers—Loggers Oil Stations—Contractors Truck Operators—L P Gas Suppliers Tank Wagon Operators and All Users of Rubber or Plastic Covered HOSE NEW ENDS INSTALLED TO REPAIR LEAKS Complete hoses made op In minutes-HyaVaulie, Gas, Water, Air and Grease. Designed for high pressure application. With the NEW HYDRA-LOC COUPLING MACHINE AND HOLEDALL COUPLINGS. he has 522 acres of cropland and clears anqther 30 acres each year. He, along with other Marquette and Dickinson County farmers, have in recent years given the U.P. a reputation for producing the famed Russet Burbank potatoes. * * *• VanDamme averages 40 to 60 acres ol potatoes annually and keeps about 100 acres in oats and wheat. He maintains a 70-cow dairy herd to utilize the grain and roughage. The manure is applied to the potato ground. Forty- five of the cows are kept at a farm near Marquette where Mr. and Mrs. VanDamme, along with their six children, live during the school year. All the VanDammes are continuing an active role In 4-H programs, riding clubs, Farm Bureau, Lions Club, the ASC, and the Soil Conservation Service. The tour's second stop will take visitors to a farm that is somewhat typical of the Upper Peninsula's emerging new part- time farmer—the beef calf producer. William Jaeger runs the one and only general store at the little crossroads town of Watson. Up the road a few miles he keeps 90 head of good grade herefords on 860 acres of pasture and woodland. Th remaining portion of his 3200 acres is in timber. * * * Jaeger, president of the Bay de Noc Beef Breeders Association, is married and has five children. In addition to helping build the cooperative Beef Producers Association, and sale, held each year in nearby Delta County, Jaeger is serving on the school board and the family is active in 4-H Club work as members and as leaders. Following the Jaeger stop the tour wil) proceed through W i 1- liam Usher's sugar bush formerly operated by Gus MacFadden and one of the state's largest producers of maple syrup. During a luncheon break MSU Farm Management Specia 1 i s John Dcneth of East Lansing is to be the featured speaker at a noon program. The lunch and speech is set for the Wells Elementary School near Watson. Doenth, reporting on a trip to Russia, will speak on "Agriculture Bohind the Curtain." Visitors on the third stop will see a farm that shifted from potatoes over to full-time dairying. Brothers Morton and Howard Schire started produ c i n g potatoes.but switched to milk and now maintain an 80-cow dairy herd as their main source of income. The brothers, along with Morton's son, James, operate 410 tillable acres and have 694 additional acres in non-tillable pasture. The farming operation waf started with 20 cleared acres and six cows back in 1940. In jidr to keep the pipeline leading to a 1,000 gallon bulk milk tank full, the Schires seed their On a way sandy loam to silage corn, oats, barley and to renovated pasture. The Schires as well as Van- Damme work with MSU to maintain crop demonstration triails, the results of which benefit agri- cultur throughout the U.P. Morton's other son and Howard's two sons are employed, in Milwaukee. This family is also active in community, organizations and in 4-H Club work. Operating Mink tench Is Costly LANSING (AP)—"Some folks jet the idea there's a lot of money in the mink business," he mink ranch operator said. James L. Dyer, 27, coowner of i ranch 15 miles west of Laning, sells around 2,000 pelts a /ear and "we try to average $20 a pelt," he said. People multiply 20 times ,000 "and ding, ding, ding, they otal up $40,000. But they don't ake the high operating costs nto consideration," he added For instance, said Dyer, feed costs run up as high as $100 a day between Aug. 1 and pelting ,ime, which begins after Thanksgiving Day and continues nto early December. Four months at $100 a day is $12,000. Dyer has been purchasing ready-mixed mink food—cereal, horsemeat, whalemeat, tripe, sheepshead and other fish. Dur- ng the last five years, its price las climbed from $3 to $7 a hundredweight, he said. Dyer and his father, James U. P. Fair Queen Contest Slated ESCANABA—Who will be the Upper Peninsula's "Fairest of the Fair"? The answer will be known the second day of the U.P. State Fair to be held in Escanaba Aug. 17-22, inclusive. Whoever is chosen by t h e judges to reign as Queen of the Fair wil) have as her court the prettiest; girls of the region, for each fair queen candidate will already be a queen in her home community. "All queens—sports, homecoming, Fourth of July, centennial and others—will be welcomed as queen candidates," said M r s. Lency Clairmont of Escanaba, U.P. Fair Queen Contest director. "We ask only that they have a sponsor, perhaps a service club, chamber of commerce, or other group," she said. The sponsors are asked to write Mrs Clairmont, 720 S. 10th St., Escanaba, for an application blank for their candidates. Fair queen candidates should be entered as early as possible. The deadline is Aug. 6. Fair queen candidates must be single and between 16 and 22 years of age to be eligible for the contest. They will be judged on the basis of talent and personality as well as beauty. Miss Gerri Ann Dewane of Menominee was last year's fair queen. She has been Invited to participate in the coronation ceremonies this year. o il furnace developed by Iron Fireman... revolutionizes oil heating... greatest advance in years! Cooling coil for •ir conditioning (C« be installed now or liter) Super-scnsitiv* thermostat for "short-cycle" oper- • tion—smooth, tven rtett Instant ctean fltme— absolutely smokeless from instant of ignition S O ft INQUIRE AT: PLUTCHAK RROS. BOX 56 MASS, MICHIGAN Vent—no natural draft required Positive draft fan, motor and fuel unit New type oil burner- can operate with on-off cycles as short as 30 seconds without fuel waste Iron Fireman CUSTOM MarkU oil furnace with instant clean flame. Unequaled for clean comfort, low fuel bills and trouble-free performance Comfort With the Iron Fireman CUSTOM Mark II furnace you use a supersensitive thermostat which operates the furnace with the slightest variation of room temperature. This gives you shorter, more frequent firing periods, with remarkably uniform indoor temperature. No matter how often the furnace starts, the flame instantly burns clean—no smoke, no soot, no fouled combustion chamber, no wasted oil. Trouble-free operation Cuts service calls to the vanishing point. No burner adjustment required; no draft troubles; no toot-fouled furnace or carbon clogged nozzle. Operates without chimney draft Tn« CUSTOM Mark II furnace provides its own fOfitivt Induced draft with precision control. No natural chimney draft required. Cleanliness With the instant clean flame there are no flecks of soot blowing from your chimney or escaping into your home. Hundreds of tests made with smoke-detecting instruments show a flame that's absolutely clean from the very moment it's turned on. Down go fuel bills Owners of Iron Fireman CUSTOM Mark II furnaces report remarkable fuel savings. Instant clean flame eliminates wasteful smoky warm-up period. Quiet The easy-burning globular flame is a pleasjnt change I'rom the blowtorch roar of the conventional oil burner. Fan has resilient mountings to dampen vibration and is sized for large capacity at low, quiet speeds. IRON FIREMAN * £«?*«<£*&{ HI AUNG AND COOLING Most Complete and Best Equipped Sheetmetal Work . . . KAUFMAN SHEETMETAL W. Aurora SI. Custom Work- Commercial— Industrial DC Phone 932-2130 Residential S. Dyer, are partners in the mink ranch, which is among 20O such operations in Michigan. A decade or so ago, the state had 600, but rising costs and depressed fur market conditions forced most small-ranch operators out of business. The senior Dyer started the mink ranch with 90 females and 25 males in 1951, after observing his son's interest in trapping muskrats and mink along the Grand River. The operation moved five years ago from a 10-acre site to a 40-acre spread, where the Dyers started this season with 1OO males and 500 females. MESC Office Works With Extension Staff The local office of the Michigan Employment S e c u r ities Commission provides the County Extension Office with the latest information on employment in the area, as well as other vital statistics needed for economic studies. Many educational programs are cooperatively sponsored by the two agencies and each implements the other. Dairy Animals Need Minerals The mineral feeding story of the divided mineral box, trace- mineralized salt in one side of the box and a well-balanced calcium phosphorous supplement in the other side, is as sound economically and correct nutritiorally today as when it was first told many years ago. Feed f race-mineralized salt o n a free access basis, either blocks or loose salt, separately and apart from a simple, balanced mineral mixture contain i n g primarily calcium and phosphorus either in block or i n loose form. If minerals can't be fed free choice feed one per cent trace minera! salt and one per cent of a calcium-phosphorus mix, usually steamed bonem e a 1 in Gogebic county, in the grain mixture for all dairy animals from calves to heavy-milk i n g cows. For an epicurean breakf a s t dish, serve French panca k e s with maple syrup mixed with * little brandy. FOR FALL and WINTER USE OUR 1st GRADE BUILDING MATERIALS < MILLWORK CHECK FIRST at our BARGAIN SHED for MONEY-SAVING BUYS on MANY TYPES of QUALITY BUILDING MATERIALS FOR THAT PET PROJECT! 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