The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on May 4, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 4, 1974
Page 1
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lOlstYEAR N0.106 DalluJournal FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA 56537 SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc In Phoenix appearance Nixon faces down hecklers CARLISLE BAND IN 80TH YEAR — The Carlisle Band, probably .the oldest community band in the Upper Midwest, performed at the smelt fry and the Pioneer 1M celebration last weekend and will play at the Mini Fair in Fergus Falls May 10. Members in the front row, from the left, are James Amdal, John Sethre, Arthur Fjeslad, Kenneth Lien, Elmer Fjestad, Norman Fjestad, Otto Schwalen and Tom Araeson. In the back row are Philip Fjestad, N. R. Lake, Steve Fjestad, Leonard Sethre, Richard Hefte, Peter Fjestad, Sandra Fjestad Johnson, Gordon Fjestad, Albert Hexum, Greg Fjestad, Morrill Fjestad, Larry Fjestad, Verlyn Fjestad and Enoch Johnson. (Journal photo by Harley Oyloe) Five generations Organization of the Carlisle Band is dated IBM but most of the members can trace their Carlisle origins back to 1889 when their ancestors came from Norway and settled there. Twelve F jestads who are members of the band are descendants of Philip Fjestad who came from Norway that year. Several of them are great-grandsons of his. John Sethre, a member of the band, is a great-great-grandson of Peder Hanson Sethre who also came from Norway in 1869. Ages of the present band members range from 19 to 86. Several 'of the members have been playing with the band for 45 years or longer. GOP chairman says . many leaders 'gutless' Reserve told to give on-land disposal plan ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) Minnesota's Republican chairman says many GOP leaders in the state are "gutless" and do not inspire rank and file members to make the party a viable political force. State Sen. Robert Brown of Stillwater spoke in strong and emotional terms Friday night to the 4th District Republican convention in St. Paul. He said some Republicans seem convinced their party cannot win in a state which has been labeled DFL country, "We can win any place in this state," Brown . told the delegates. "You're either Republican or you're not! If you run away you're not going to get anyone to support you." Brown added, "I'm sick and tired of hearing Republicans say we can't win! It can be done, but it depends on how bad you want to win. How bad do you want to win? Not very bad, 1 think." "If this is a game to some of you, I suggest you get out," Brown advised. "It's not a game. It's a very serious • Continued on page 6 MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — Parties in the Reserve Mining Co. trial have been told to advise the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals of plans to dispose of Reserve's taconite wastes on land. The directive by the appeals court was contained in letters sent this week to the various parties, including Reserve, its two parent firms and the palintiffs. The letter is signed by Robert Tucker, appeals court clerk. Parties in the suit also were told to advise the court of any objections they have made to on-land disposal pians, and about rulings made by U.S. District Judge Miles Lord on any of the proposals. Trial participants said Friday the court's directive is quite unusual. The letter did not reveal why the court wants the .information. However, it was speculated that the court may be considering allowing Reserve to keep its Silver Bay, Minn., taconite processing plant open while it switches to on-land disposal. Reserve now dumps its taconite wastes into Lake Superior. Meanwhile, plaintiffs in the Reserve trial Friday asked that all eight judges of the appeals court preside at a May 15 hearing, rather than a three- judge panel. The appeals court will hear arguments on that date in St. Louis relating to continuing the stay of an order by Judge Lord which closed Reserve's taconite processing plant at Silver Bay for a day last month. The temporary stay has allowed Reserve to continue its operations in the two communities, preventing some 3,100 employes from being thrown • out of work. Reserve and its parent firms, Armco and Republic Steel Corporations, will ask on May 15 that the stay be continued until the appeal of Judge Lord's full order can be heard. If the stay is continue, Reserve may seek to delay the appeal process. A three-judge panel granted the temporary stay April 22 after hearing brief arguments in a Springfield, Mo., motel room. The three judges, Myron Bright, Fargo, N.D., Donald Ross, Omaha, and William Webster, St. Louis, said a temporary delay in the closing, after 18 years of 24-hour-per- Continued on page 6 • PHOENIX, Ariz. (AP) President Nixon took his defense of his administration further West today as he flew to Spokane, Wash., to formally open Expo '74. He took off from Phoenix where, faced with hecklers in his first appearance since making public the edited transcripts of the Watergate tapes, he said it's time to "get on with the business of America." Nixon was unable to ignore a small but determined band of vocal critics among a by-invitation-only crowd of 13,000 Friday night at a Republican rally in Phoenix Coliseum. As the critics jeered and shouted hostile remarks, the President said near the beginning of his off-the-cuff remarks: "In the great American tradition, we have some here who are against us. We have more who are for us. And all of you are welcome." While the great majority in the audience seemed friendly, the persistence of the hecklers prompted Nixon to remark that the American right of free speech carried with it ' : the re- .sponsihility to keep quiet while someone else is talking." Referring directly to his Watergate troubles for the first time in recent public appearances, Nixon said he had provided the House Judiciary Committee with "all of the relevant evidence" it needs to complete its impeachment inquiry. "The time has come to get Watergate behind us and get on with the business of America," he continued. From Phoenix, Nixon and wife Pat were bound today for Spokane, Wash., where the President will formally open the Expo '74 world's fair. The White House made careful preparations for the two appearances, sending advance men into both cities last week. Security in Phoenix was unusually tight, as many more Nixon critics than were inside the coliseum gathered outside. The Republican National Committee paid for Nixon's flight from Washington to Phoenix. The Coliseum was decked out as if for a campaign appearance. Nixon devoted most of his Arizona speech to the achievements and goals of his administration, citing the end of American involvement in the Vietnam war, end of the military draft and opening of dialogues with mainland China and the Soviet Union. He concluded by declaring, "I intend to stay on the job and with your help...." His concluding words were drowned out by mingled cheers and boos. Meanwhile, Rep. -Morris Udall, D-Ariz. said in a speech to Democratic leaders gathered in Phoenix from 11 Western states that the nation has had . more than a year of Watergate because President Nixon-"has resisted every attempt" by Congress and special prosecutors to obtain evidence only he can give them. In a speech billed as the Democratic reply to Nixon's appeareance, Udall said he agreed with the President that "we've had enough of Watergate." "T.;e President's problems have hurt our economy, delayed crucial decisions on energy and foreign affairs, made a joke of our tax laws and spread deadly cynicism across this land," Udall said. Nixon's speech contained nu- inerous familiar lines. He reminded the audience that when he took office five years ago America was at war in Vielnam and 14,000 young men were being drafted each month. Syria given hints of aid AI£XANDRIA, Egypt (AP) — Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger appears to have won an agreement from Syria and Israel to slow down the fighting in the Golan Heights, U.S. officials said today. But as -Kissinger flew here from Damascus to confer again with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, these officials aboard the Kissinger plane said the two sides remain far apart on where to draw 'the disengagement lines. Kissinger called on Sadat, again seeking his influence with President Hafez Assad of Syria. Newsmen were told that while the Soviet Union is not obstructing a settlement there is no indication of it helping one along—or that the Syrians are susceptible to Soviet pressures. Russian diplomats in Syria disclosed that Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyk would arrive in Syria on Sunday to give the Soviet response to Kissinger's latest peace, shuttle. Newsmen in Alexandria were told that Israel and Syria are now within "negotiating range" of each other on almost all issues. This includes.the creation of a buffer zone, its being manned by a United Nations force, the "thinning out" of armor behind the disengagement lines and an exchange of prisoners, officials said. The U.S. officials, unnamed under briefing rules, said that some progress has been made toward the cease-fire which Israel has insisted is a prerequisite to substantative negotiations. These officials said they would not be surprised if restraint in the fighting becomes evident. .-However, Israel said today its warplanes strafed Arab guerrilla concentrations on the slopes of Mt. Hermon and Syria reported tank and artillery battles all along the heights. It was the 54th straight day of fighting on the Golan front. In Alexandria, four Soviet- made helicopters ferried Kissinger and his entourage to Sadat's seaside retreat. Sadat Continued on page 6 SLA ignores deadline for *4 million offer Retarded constitute bulk of hospital's population i SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - A $4 million offer for. the safe return of Patricia Hearst expired today with no sign of the newspaper heiress kidnaped three months ago. The money, placed in escrow a month ago by' the Hearst Corp., reverted to the corporation when the Symbionese Liberation Army, which said it abducted the 20-year-old University of California student from her Berkeley apartment Feb. 4, ignored Friday's midnight deadline. Miss Hearst's father, newspaper executive Randolph A. Hearst, went to bed at his Hillsborough home two hours before the deadline. A family spokesman described him as disappointed. The SLA made no mention of the offer in its last taped communication April 24. The Hearst Corp., of which Hearst is chairman, had offered the J4 million for a food distribution program for the poor if Miss Hearst was released unharmed. The development came a day after police and FBI agents located an abandoned apartment that apparently was the hideout of the kidnapers for two months. • Just 14 blocks from FBI headquarters, the cockroach- infested flat contained car keys and coats the FBI said might have been used in the SI.A bank robbery in which Miss Hearst carried a gun. The robbery came less than two weeks after she said in an April 3 com- munique that she had joined her kidnapers. Charles Bates, FBI agent in charge of the case, said one of the keys fitted a 1973 green Forr} station wagon seen leaving the bank. The car was found WEATHER FERGUS MIS AREA Fair to partly cloudy and warmer through Sunday. High today upper 50s and low 60s. Low tonight upper 30s and low 40s. High Sunday low and mid 60s. High Friday 53 Overnight Low 29 At 8 a.m. 41. At noon 55 Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 68. Minimum 34. abandoned several blocks from there. Agents said the apartment yielded clothing and acid- stained documents that could be used as evidence. , Acids had been poured into the bathtub and efforts had been made to destroy papers, authorities said. The FBI took virtually everything out of the apartment for analysis. "There was just a wealth of everything you'd find in an apartment," said Bates. "There are a lot of leads in the material and we're continuing to go over it. We're still talking to people." Meanwhile, the owner of a small corner market two blocks from the apartment said a woman resembling Miss Hearst had shopped there slightly more than a week ago." The owner, who declined to release her name, said she told the woman that she looked like Miss Hearst. She said the woman laughed and said, "A lot of people think that." When Bates was asked about reports that Miss Hearst had been seen in the neighborhood, he said, "We've had all kinds of calls but nothing has turned, up specifically from any <>f them." EDITOR'S NOTE: The state hospital has been a landmark in Fergus Falls since the late 1800's when it became the third such institution in the state. In the years since then, while it has been praised and criticized, stereotyped and misunderstood, the hospital has helped make Fergus Falls a recognized Dame throughout the state. Now, in a series of seven reports, the Daily Journal focuses on the institution. ByBOBDRECHSEL City Editor (EDITOR'S NOTE: This story is based primarily on an interview with Dale Offerman, who was mental retardation- program director. The interview was conducted before Offerman left the Fergus Falls hospital to become chief executive officer at Cambridge State Hospital.) m The mental retardation unit at the Fergus Falls State Hospital has the largest in-patient population of any of the hospital's units. Its population accounts for nearly 60 per cent of the hospital's resident population, but its turnover is not as great as other units' In fact, program director Dale Offerman will go so far as to say "if the mentally retarded weren't here, the institution probably wouldn't be here." Fergus Falls State Hospital has not always offered a program for the retarded. That program began about five years ago after the legislature mandated that state institutions for the mentally ill should also begin working with • the retarded. Institution populations in mental illness units were declining, Offerman explains, 1 but there were long waiting lists of mentally retarded persons hoping to enter what programs there were for retardation. The change began in Fergus Falls with the transfer of retarded patients from Brainerd State Hospital who were actually residents «f the Fergus Falls hospital's receiving area. Offerman was named program director. He toured other facilities in the state looking for ideas, began reading literature on retardation and wrote a treatment program. To find staff, he sent questionnaires throughout the hospital seeking existing em- ployes who might be interested. After interviewing and negotiating with other units, the first staffers were selected. The first retarded residents were housed in •,vhat had been the hospital geriatrics building (where DDRC now is located). All of the first residents were ambulant and 21 years old or older. After one year, another unit was begun for adults from the Lakeland area. Six months later, a third adult unit was added. Then came a 34-bcd unit for semi-ambulant persons (those, for example, in wheelchairs), then a 31-bcd unit for nonambulant persons, and finally a unit lor ambulant children. The old geriatrics section had become too crowded and the mentally retarded were moved elsewhere in the institution. Since 1969, the hospital has admitted nearly 600 retarded persons — transfers from Brainerd, Cambridge and Faribault hospitals in addition to parsons from the community. Uke most other state hospital residents, most of the retarded are poor or come from poor families. Says Offennan: "At Fergus Falls we work with people who are very much economically and socially deprived." In terms of IQ, the retarded at Fergus Falls have IQs which fall below 50. Experts generally regard an IQ of 100 to be average, 90 to be borderline retarded and 80 to be mildly retarded. Offerman says he believes IQ is a fairly valid lest for middle class Americans, but admits it is probably not a fair test for socially deprived persons. Statistically, 10 per cent of the hospital's retardedhave IQs between 50 and 80; 65 per cent have IQs below 35; and the rest fall between 35 and 50. The adult retarded are divided into units according to their physical abilities and their adapted behavior. Children are in a separate unit. Continued on page 6 m 1

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