The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 2, 1933 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, February 2, 1933
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'* * ^ i AST EDITION LAST EDITION COMPLETE ASSOCIATED MESS LEASED WIDE ' I NEWSPAPER OP THE SOUTHBRN SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2", 1933 FULL AND EXCLUSIVE UNITED PRESS REPORT VOL. JtLll ^16 PAGES BAKERSFIELD. CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY % 1933 TWO SECTIONS No 160 ROOSEVELT PLANS JOBS FOR IDLE Communist Quarters in Prussia Raided for Documents FOREIGN MEMBERS MAY BE DEPORTED Believed Ultimate Plan I of Chancellor Is to Outlaw Party « (United Press Leaned Wire) T>ERLIN, Feb. 2.—Police raided •*•* headquarters of Communists throughout Prussia today in their • search for documents to prove that the Communist party activities are illegal. The offensive began a few hours after Chancellor Adolf Hitler had denounced Communism in his first manifesto to the nation, and politicians believed his government would seek to outlaw the entire 1 Communist party. Many Arrested . • The raids were/similar to the "persecutions" against which Hitler's Xnzls protested before they cm no Into pdwer this week. ' Restaurants and cafes patronized by Communists were raided, as was Llebknecht House, Ber• • Jin Communtst'heaflquartei'a.' Nineteen' Communists were arrested on charges of resisting: the police. There has been no suggestion of expelling German Communists, although foreign members of the party may bo deported. Hitler is credited with plant) to outlaw tile party, which would mean the loss of their 100 seats In the IlelchBtag, -sequestration of their headquarters and branch offices, seizure of funds and suppression of newspapers, and penalties for Communist leaders on ground of sedition and subversive activities. May Abolish 100 Seats • K If Hitler Is unable to win a ma'* jorlty In the next IXelchstag, either on hip own Nazi strength or with Nationalist support, he Is expected to obtain the' majority by outlawing the Communists and abolishing their 100 Reichstag seats. % General anti-Communist action was not expected before the election March (Continued on Page Ttco) FOR NEWOFFENSIVE (United rrem Leased If ire) PEIPING, Feb. 2.— Japanese In Manchuria are completing large troop concentrations in springlike weather with a ' view to resuming their offensive against Jehol province, consular reports received from Mukdon •aid today. -i> A spokesman for Marshal Chang Hsueh-Ltung said the Chinese were ready for the Japanese advance. Chinese Intelligence reports Indicated the Japanese Were moving southward , yfronv Mukden and northward from I Shanhalkwan. It Tlje Chinese officially minimized "Ihe importance of minor skirmishes .outside the great wall, where Isolated detachments have been engaged in guerilla warfare for a month. Japanese airplanes were reported -.•reconnolterlng as far Inland from Shanhuiltwan as Chengtefu, the Jehol capital.' Japanese armored trains were operating at Nanllng, Chaoyund, and other points apparently for the purpose of ; terrifying the Chinese residents. KILLS SELF; ACCIDENT TUCSON. Ariz., Fob. 3. (U. P.)— Funeral arrangements wore being made today for Howard \V. lOstill, 40, member of tho University of California medical faculty staff, who accidentally shot and killed himself last flight at the homo of his brothor-ln- law, Professor G. T. Caldwell of the University of Arizona. THE WEATHER /Ban Francisco bay region: Fair tonight and Friday but frosts and fog lii early morning; gentle changeable -winds. ' Northern California: Fair tonight and Friday but- frosts and local fogs In early morning; moderate north winds offshore. Sierra Nevada: Fair tonight nnd Friday; continued cold; gentle northerly wind. Sacramento, Santa Clara and San Joa<iuin valleys; Fair tonight and Friday but local -fogs and frosts Friday morning; gentle changeable • ' . , Southern California: Fair tonight :nnd .Fr.lday; local fronts • Friday morning; gentlo changeable winds offshore. . o.e Many Oppose Recall of Rolph as Too Expensive (Associate* Press Leased Wire) QACRAMENTO, Feb. 2.—State officials and .local Democratic leaders w struck at the coat of the California State Orange's racall movement against Governor Ptolph today. Circulation of petitions was estimated to cost approximately $20,000, and an election was .figured to cost between $600,000 and *MO,000. Director of Finance Holland Vandegrlft Issued statistics today ,designed to shew that almost the entire cost of a recall election would fall directly on the counties. These statistics Indicated Los Angelas county would need .$178,000; San Francisco county, $51,200; Alameda, $38,350, and''others In proportion, estimated at the rate of $10.74 par thousand population. George Vice, Sacramento county purchasing.'agent and Democratic leader, declared this county "has no funds for any kind of election. To hold a. special .election," Vice said, "would mean diverting funds and taking relief from the needy, the destitute and sick. I am unalterably opposed to the .movement." Vandegrlft attacked George H. Sehlmeyer, who, as master of tha State Grange, Is directing the racall movement. Vandegrlft said the Orange master Is "Inconsistent." "Only a fsw days ago Mr. Sehlmeyer appeared before the Senate finance committee opposing most vigorously the calling of a special election on the grounds that tha farmer could not pay the bill. How can one who ao recently opposed'a special election to reduce taxes now promote a special election at the coats estl- mate'd?" DEATH FRED1BONFILS Colorful Career of Wealthy Denver Publisher. Ends at Age of 72 (United-Prcts Leaned Wire) DENVER, Fob. S.—Death canie-to- day to'FWtfelr^^Bbnflls.-^V-ntflt- tlmllllonulrc publisher of. the Denver Post. He succumbed .while sleeping under oxygen at 6:10 n. hi. Complications which resulted from an ear Infection caused his death. His spinal column was punctured and drained Wednesday. Then his heart began to weaken. He.also had a touch of Influenza and oxygen was administered to make, breathing easier. He fell Into a deep sleep late-last night and never awakened.. • '"'•-• One of the last survivors of the days of Individual Journalism, Bonflls was one of the most widely known men of the west. His father, Eugene Napoleon Bon- flls, was for many years a probate judge In Troy, Mo., where Bonflls was born, December 31, 1860. Bonflla' grandfather, VYaneols Bon- flls, was born In Corsica and played as a boy, according to legend, with Napoleon Bonaparte. Went to West Point The dead publisher was educated in tho Troy grade sdliools and received .•fn appointment to West Point In 1878. He remained there .three years and resigned with an honorable discharge. In 1882 he married Hello Barton of Peeksklll, N. Y., and soon afterward thsy went to Canon City, Mo., where Bonflls obtained a position as Instructor In mathematics and tactics In a military academy. After a short time Bonflls returned to Troy, where he became an agent of the Triple Alliance, an Insurance company which his father headed. His first newspaper experience came 48 years ago as a reporter for the Troy News. . His first assignment was to cover the state fair, and the story goes that he forgot his pass, but found his fists effective to get through the gates and he "got the story." The sense of the dramatic which he exhibited on that occasion followed htm through' his long newspaper career. Kansas City Years He went to Kansas City and entered the real estate'business In 1886, but he did not prosper, 'and by the winter of 1887 he was virtually poverty stricken, and according to legend, had to borrow $1B from his. partner, Aldemon IS. White,; to bily an overcoat. . • In Oklahoma Tlin opening of the Oklahoma territory to settlement In 1889 found Bon- flls on the southern boundary,' ready to dash In with other 'settlers! But while they .walled, Bonflls founded Oklahoma City,' Texas, and netted several thousand dollars from the development, as 'lie waited for soldiers' bayonets to -sjtilp the wnlto rope that surrounded'tha Indian territory, opening It. to settlement. ,•"' '••'Tremendous '• Fortune The thoutmnds'lie netted formed tho foundation of a'tremendous fortune. Entering Oklahoma w'J'th other settlers, Bonflls formed a real estate partnership with Volnej; Hoggatt and they erected ono of the first permanent structures In Quthrle, ' Okla. Their friendship-lasted throughout Mr. Bonflls' life. , Tiring of frontier life, .Bonflls made business forays on Chicago, Mexico and New Orleans. Finally,-In 1892,'he started lottery firms in opposition to others In Kansas City, Kan. In Lottery Business . Money rolled In by express, because the malls were closed to lottery operations. The express crew grew from two men to a score, and 50 girls wero required to sort the tickets. Bonflls had to cram his money In suit cases (Continued on'l'ago Fifteen) STANFORD FACING Richly Endowed- University Cannot Meet Students' Pathetic Plea (United Press Leased Wire I PALO ALTO, Feb. 2.—t*land Stnn- .f&lAJpBlXSHSJjty,.. ianjt«4' in -iMft H.S .th^ natlon*s v mo8t 'richly 'endowed' school, faces a financial crisis' and".cannot meet demands of students for lowered tuition and-living ..costs, Controller Almori E. Ross said - today. His statement was. In reply to a" demand voiced by the Stanford •bally, student newspaper, for reduced tuition and food rates. Many students are In dire financial straits. The Dally charged that at least 100 students were, subsisting on 10 cents a day for food. , To provide .emergency relief, a se- . ries of charltj- events for students— the first to be held in the school's ^l years of existence—are being held.' A Rugby game last week netted- $400, and a benefit dance has been planned. "Stanford facea a great crisis, but we have no fear of safely • merging from It," said Ross. "Scholarship funds are now $10,000 yearly, aa compared to 9515,000 at Yale." The school now ranks seventh among schools of the nation In endowments. Ross said Stanford's endowment for students is $650, as compared to $16,000 per Individual at California Institute of Technology. JAPAN IS TO RETAIN . (Asiooiated Press Leased K4r«> TOKIO, Feb. 2.—Confronted by tho prospect of secession from the League of Nations, which would Involve the question' of equatorial Pacific Islands hejd under League mandate, Japan's determination was becoming manifest today to retain the Islands regardless of possible attempts In Geneva to reassume suzerainty. The Islands, lying between the United States and the Philippines, figure prominently In the navy's plans for domination of the western Pacific and although Admiral Osumi, minister of the navy, evaded direct questions as to whether tho Islands would be retained, the strongest Insistence on their retention originated In naval circles. Responsible officials avoided categorical public statements. KIDNAPED GIRL SAFE BUT CRIME PUZZLES (United Premi Leaned Wire) LOS ANGELES, Feb. 2.—TJic possible, victim of an international kid- naping ring, tf-year-old Hedwlg "Doc" was In the custody of juvenile officers here today, while a world-wldo search was Instituted for her parents. Little Hedwlg was found In the Pennsylvania railway station In .New York by William Dethe, 45, who brought her to Los Angeles and then sought the aid of county 'charities officials, according to Dethe'B story. The child, who upeaks no English, but whose German Is faultless and French understandable, gave every evidence of good breeding and of coming; 'from a 'wholesome environment. According to the story she told authorities here, she was kidnaped in Hamburg, Germany, and deserted In a subway station In New York several weekH ago. Hedwlg doesn't know her own surname, and Dethe was unable to ulS authorities In tho search for her parents. STATE RELIEF Pres. Miller, R.T. C., Asks Additional Favors for States WARNS ADDITIONAL FUNDS ARE NEEDED Wagner Bill Endorsed; Demands for Aid Increasing (Asnociated Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.—Apprc- "• prlatlon of an additional $150,000,000 for direct relief loans to states was recommended to a Senate committee today by Charles A. Miller, president of the Reconstruction Corporation. The R'. F. C. president endorsed in general terms the Wagner bill to liberalize the law under which his organization administers relief, testifying the demand for aid Is Increasing. He opposed, however, the provision proposing to throw wide open tho entire resources of the corporation .for relief loans to states, Baying It would handicap efforts" to stimulate local re- llff WAl.tr . • • the. J|c£_work. T-TT-W $300,000,000 on Hand Miller testified the present T ., M ,», V ,000 fund would last until June and that an additional $150,000,000 "would carry us through to the long session In December." Warning that additional funds ar« needed, Miller added that one state Is within nix weeks of exhaustion of Us quota which under the present law is 945,000,000. He dld-not name the state but committee members understood he referred to Illinois which has bor- >owed about $38,000,000. Miller emphasized he was expressing .his personal views, saying the board felt It should not favor or oppose "legislation adding or subtracting from Its functions." He favored the "Idea throughout the bill" before the committee. More Funda Needed Wagner asked If the demand for relief through the states was going to Increase, and was told "more funds must be provided." Meanwhile Stephen Raushenbush — director, of industrial relations for Pennsylvania—told tlio Senate manufactures committee that federal relief money was being distributed "in such a way as to help tear down the economic structure." Testifying for the La, Follotto-Cos- tlgan bill to provide $500,000.000 for direct grants to states, he said "many of tho substandard or sweatshop plants are. In effect, being subsidized by federal, state and private relief funds." Defenda Dawes' Loan A vigorous defense of tho $90,000,000 loap by tho Reconstruction Corporation to Charles G. Dawes' Chloago (Continued an I'agc Two) $22,800,000 Lent L. A. Cityjiy R. F. C. (United Press Leaned Wire) ' WASHINGTON, Feb. 8.—The Reconstruction Finance Corporation today granted a loan of $22,800,000 to the city of Los Angeles to construct a high tension power line from Boulder dam, to Los AngelesX The loan will provide work for approximately 1200 men for two and a half years, It was said. Apprpxlmatoly $14,000.000 of the loan Is assigned to tho purcha.se of special equipment. | COMMENT BY WILL ROGERS I <$>- BEVERLY HILLS, Feb. 2.—To the Editor of The Bakersfleld Call, fornian: The Reconstruction Finance Corporation Is made up of fine men, honest, and mean well and If It-was water they were dls. trlbutlng It would help the people the plan was meant to help. For water goea down hill and moistens everything on Us way, but gold or money goes uphill. The Reconstruction loaned the railroads money, medium and small banks money, and • all they did with It was pay off what' they owed to New York banks. So the money want uphill Instead of down. You oan drop a bag of gold in Death Valley, which la below sea level, and before Saturday It will be home to papa J. P. Yours, WILL ROGERS. Would Lift Country From Tragedy of Unemployment Seven-Point Program, to Be Tried in Tennessee Watershed First, Will Give Work to 200,000 By FRANCIS M. STEPHENSON (Associated Prets Leased Wire) W ARM SPRtNOS, da., Fob. 2.—A gigantic experiment designed to provide 200,000 Jobs and herald the birth of a new America from which the curso of unemployment woulu he lifted, was proposed today by President-elect Roosevelt. The rugged highlands und • fertile Industrial valley, of the Tennessee watershed were chosen by the next President for this "mos.t Interesting experiment a government hus ever undertaken." Seated before the blazing fireplace of the "llttln white house," he told newspaper men of his dream for vast internal development, encompassing reforestation, reclamation, -water power and agricultural rehabilitation. The aim is to balance the national population anew between cities and the country. Explains Experiment Mr. Roosevelt expects this huge laboratory experiment to provide employment for 200,000 men In the Tennessee valley alone. More than this, lie hopos to carry the scheme Into other sections of the nation from Alleghcnlcs to the Pacific coast and through It to re-establish American life on n basis that will mean the end of unemployment; the decentralization of Industry;- and a people protected by the watchful eye of a government. . JThe great Tennessee valley project Irivolvlhr half a Tdozen States, is to lii- > elude: ., "".'-.' .., Sevan-Point Program {1, Reforestation. 2.^ 'Creation -of flood control basins In the upper valleys, first at Covo creek In the Clinch river. ''• Waterpower development to bo available for cities, states and farm hornet). 4. Reclamation of the fertile bottom lands of agricultural use. 5. elimination of the unprofitable marginal lands from farm pursuits. 6. Eventual flood control of the great Mississippi river. 7. Eventual improvement of navigation. Will Act Promptly Mr. Roosevelt announced that as soon as he takes office next March 4, he will ask the various government departments-Involved to mnke surveys with a "lew to putting the prop- 'osltlon up to' Congress at an curly date. Confident that the whole project will be self-sustaining, he has no doubt of the "bankablllty" of it and the availability of bonds for the undertaking. I Confident of Success "If It Is successful, und I am confident It will bo," he said, "I think this .development will be the forerunner of similar projects In other sections, particularly In the Ohio und Arkansas valleys and In the Columbia river basin of the northwest "We have about 12,000,000 wage earners unemployed. If we return immediately, to -the high level of 1929 I think we would still have 5,000,000 men out of work and on a dole. Our population Is out of balance. If by government activity we can restore the balance .we will have taken a great step forward. "The normal trend now Is a back to the farm movement. For those who have had experience In agricultural work I think we will do'well to provide a living." Without reference 'to notes or books but with an occasional glance at a huge map, Mr. Roosevelt unfolded his Idea for a great Tennessee valley experiment. There Is no doubt he has been studying the proposition for days. Eight States Affected He said ho selected the Tennessee watershed running over the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and (Continued on Page Fifteen) •» » » Authors of $30,000 Demand Note Sought (AoHoctateit Press Leased ffirc) PHILADELPHIA. Fob. 2 —Authors of an anonymous note offering for 180,000, to bring to Justice tha killer who bombed the home of John M. DI Sllvustro, national head of the order of the Son of Italy, killing his wife and Injuring 16 oUiers, wero sought today. DI Sllvent.ro received the note yesterday. Ho said It contained a promise to "do the rest" If the reward of $16,000, now offered, were doubled. DEMANDS ARREST OF BULLITT, MYSTERIOUS U. S. DIPLOMAT (Associated Prom Leaned Wire) W ASHINGTON, Fab. 2.—Another foreign debts debate broke In the Senate today with Senator Robinson, Rep., Ind., demanding that the state department "apprehend" under the Logan act, William C. Bullltt, who has been reported negotiating on debts abroad, Reading from press accounts of BUIIItt's visits to Berlin, London and Paris, supposed to' be In connection with war debts, Robinson said Bullltt waa making a "laughing stock" out of the American people. ' "It Is hlg(i time the American government asserts who he Is," he said. "He Is going about In disguise and when not In disguise he Is going under an assumed name. "He seems to have no credentials," Robinson added. "He la not representing the American government. He seems not to be represent. Ing the president-elect. He certainly Is not representing the Senate or the House, both of which have gone on record against further reduction of the debts." Robinson said he believed the Logan act providing $5000 fine or three years of Imprisonment for any not authorized person having intercourse with a foreign government on measures affecting the United States was "broad enough" to cover Bullltt's supposed activities. HOPE VOICED BY JAPAN'S ENVOY U. S. and Nippon Will Reach • Understanding, in View . * of Debuchi (United Press Leaned Wire) NEW YORK, Feb. 2.—Japanese Ambassador< Katsujl .Debucht today expressed belief that the United States and Japan will resolve their 1 differences over Manchuria and "emerge better friends." Voicing profound regret that differences had arisen between tho two countries, he said he wus of the opinion "that of all western nations, America will derive the greatest benefit from tho economic regeneration of Manchuria." Debucht spoko before the New York Stutu Chamber of Commerce. It wus his first public appearance since a recent visit to Toklo and Manchuria to study conditions there at first hand. Emerge Better Friends "More than onue the relations between our two countries have experienced somo certain strain," ho said, "but each time we have emerged better friends. There Is no reason to doubt that we will again emerge better friends." Ties of silk and cotton, which the two countries buy from each other, lire stronger than tho elements of their political differences, Debuchi Indicated. He pointed out that America Is Japan's largest customer and Japan Is third largest buyer' of Amor- lean goods. He said their exports are largely noncompetltive and asserted that Japanese agencies assist sale of American goods In China. Pleads for Understanding • "My only wish," ho concluded, "Is that our American friends will understand the stern realities with which we iiro faced In Insuring our national security in tho much-troubled far east, "especially in the regions contiguous to our own territory. I wish further to add that It Is the sincere Intention of Japan to remain as a stabilizing force In the far east and to contribute her share to the promotion of pence, order and progress In that part of the world." (United Prenn Leaned Wire! | TOKIO, Feb. 2.—Tho first definite 6tep»- toward prosecution of par- tle'p; •-,!.; In the disorders of last May 15, ',-!',a resulted In the assiisslna- tloi. of ''romlcr Tsuyoshl Inukal, wore tak-i -.'.'lay when 1,4 asserted ineni- '..-. s of lie "Blood Brotherhood" were ch:ir«!-.i with murder at their prellml- na y • jurt trial. It vas generally believed that by Its nctloi. today, the government would also place murder charges ugulimt thu young military cudotu who ullegcdly Knot the premier to d^atli. Seeks Revival of French Monarchy PARIS, Feb. 8.—A cull {or formation of a dictatorship under a revived monarchy, with the Duke De Guise assuming the throne,' was published today In the Roy n list Organ, action francalse. The appeal was signed by the duke, now living In Brussels, The duke's ancestors held the throne In 1776 and he became pretender on the death of tho Duke of Oreluns In FLAMES FATAL TO S. F. MAN SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 2. (U. P.)— Firemen cut through the Hldewulk at Seventh and Market streets today In a heroic but futile attempt to save a man trapped by flames and smoke uu the California Market burned. The victim was dead when rescuers found him. He was Identified as Huns Stue- van, baker's helper employed In the market. AIDED, THEN FAIL, CLAIM ** •_ / Secure Loans From R. F. C., Then Collapse; Rep. Fish „ _ Demands Probe (Unitrd Press Leaned Wlrr) WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.—A thorough Investigation of the affairs of same companies which have failed after receiving : Reconstruction Finance Corporation loans was urged on the House banking and currency committee today by Representative Pish, Republican, New York. "There Is some crookedness going on," Fish alleged at an open hearing. Later, he told newspaper men ho would demand that R. S. Hecht of Now Orleans, chairman of the board of the advisory committee of the Reconstruction ' Flnanft Corporation, be removed from office. Before the committee wont Into executive session for further consideration of the proposal, Fish asked that attention be given to the conduct of tho Illinois Life Company of*Chloago and the Union Indemnity Company and the Union Title Guarantee Company, both of New Orleans. Representative Hancock, Democrat, North Carolina, a committee member, asked Fish If his allegations had been directed In an effort to Involve Senator Long, Democrat, Louisiana. "I didn't Intend to bring the Senator's name In here," Fish said, "but I have had letters on the subject." The alleged connection, If any, was not made clear. Fish said Union Indemnity Company failed on January 6 after receiving Its last R. F. C. loan on December 28. He alleged that at least a portion 'of the loans had been usod "to pay a loan It had received from III- bernla Bank and Trust Company of New Orleans." Fish told the committee that R. S. Hecht of New Orlearts, chairman of the R. F. C. advisory committee, was also a director of the Union Indemnity and an official of tho Hlbernla bank. Fish said total loans made to thu Illinois Life had been $1,120,000; the last advance being made on October 22, 1932 und the company fulling a month later. Total loans to the New Orleans companies, he said were "approximately $4,000,000." SANDING RETURNS HOME MANAGUA. Nicaragua; Feb. a. (U. P.)— General Augustlno Sandlno, picturesque rebel whose guerillas for the last few years harried United States marines and the national guard in Nicaragua, arrived here today on a mission of peace with President U.S. OFFICER IN (United Press Lamed Wire) PI3IP1NG, Feb. 2.—An encounter between a Japanese unntry and Lluutcn- ant Robert L. Skldmore of Indianapolis, Intelligence officer of the American Legion guard, was reported today. The sentry pushed a bayonet nloso to Lieutenant Skldmore's body, and the United States marine officer pushed tho sentry away. The Incident occurred on a public xldewalk In front of the Japanpuu barracks. The sentry was on guard at the gate of the barracks, adjoining the Japanese legation. Ho blocked the American officer's way, according to Lieutenant Skldmore's raport, wheeled about, and thrust his bayonet close to the lieutenant's abdomen, Skldmorti, grasped the sentry's gun und pushed him a safe JlBtunce away, but did not atte.mpt • to disarm him. The sentry swore In Japanese and threw a cartridge into the chamber of his rifle. Lieutenant Sktdmore left the sentry shouting und proceeded to tho American .barraoka whore he mado a formal report on tho encounter to lilt, suyo- ior oWicur, Colonel'U JM. CluUvk. (Continued on Page Fifteen) ADVERTISERS'INDEX P.I. ALT A VISTA.LINCOLN MARKET 3 A. 4 P. MARKET 3 BAKERSFIELD GROCERY 6 BAKERSFIELD MARKET, INC 7 •Al LIN'S SHOP 10 • AKERSFIELO MEMORIAL PARK 4 BROCK. MALCOLM, COMPANY 3 CALIFORNIA WATER SERVICE 2 COCONUT QROVE S EMPORIUM, THE 4 FIKES GROCERY 6 FOX CALIFORNIA II FOX THEATER I GOODNIGHT, DR 10 HOTEL EL TEJON 10 I. G. A. STORES 7 KIMBALL fc STONE II MONTGOMERY WARD L COMPANY 8 NATIONAL MARKET NILE THEATER PALMS MARKET PHILLIPS -MUSIC COMPANY. READER'S JEWELERS I REDLICK'8 REX THEATER RIALTO THEATER S. 4 8. MARKET 7 SAFEWAY AND PIUQLY WIGOLY 4 SECURITY MARKET 7 SMITH. RALPH L.. GROCERY t SMITH. MEL, MARKET 7 •SPHINQDALE MARKET i TENTH STREET GROCERY. f TRIBBLE GLASS COMPANY 13 VAN METER. DR 2 VIRGINIA THEATER | WASHINGTON MARKET a WEILL. A.. INC 9 WESTERN AUTO BUPPLY 13 WITHAM & BOOTH I] Militancy Augmented by Victories in Iowa, • Elsewhere FORECLOSURES ON MORTGAGES STIR Officials at Washington Watch Disquieting Signs Closely (United Prenn Leased Wire) CHICAGO, Feb. 2.—The disquiet^ Ing sight of farmers' protests against high taxes and meager or no profits surged across the entire midwest today, commanding the attention of officials from Washington to the most secluded hamlet. From sporadic outbreaks in the corn-belt area. It had grown to a' widespread revolt against tax sales and mortgage foreclosures. in at least 10 states an air of militancy prevailed as farmers planned concerted opposition to enforced sales of their land and. livelihood. Encouraged by Vletorlea Encouraged by victories in their first encounters, In Iowa, farmers said they would push on until Congress' and state Legislatures enact measures to restore grain production and hog ralsli.g to a profit basis. Acute In 10 States States in which the situation .was • acute Included Illinois, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin, North Dakota, South- Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and one eastern section, New Jersey. In Oklahoma, where a "council of defense" waa organized to combat foreclosures, an attorney scheduled to sell a widow's' farm was kidnaped and driven In an automobile several miles from the scene. He waa released unharmed. National bank officials were under order .from the controller of currency In Washington to follow a "liberal policy" In dealing with foreclosures. They were asked not to foreclose in Instances where property owners dwell on the property. Ohio Plan Ohio farmers planned to continue their novel plan of holding "penny auctions" to aid mortgage burdened neighbors. Their plan wutj to take a 10- day second mortgage on the farmer's land, foreclose, buy all articles at penny prices and return them to their owner. Menacing Ropes In some instances farmers hung menacing rope nooses above barn doors as they gathered at sales to bid In the land at ridiculously low prices and return It to tho owner. In Illinois, at such sales, horses were sold for 4 cents each and cows at 2 cents. A tense situation arose today In Iowa, where feeling ugalnst enforced sales was keenest. Thousands of acres of black, fertile cornland were posted for delinquent tax sale. Postponement of sales have been forced several times. Organlie Widely Determined bands of farmers were organized In more than 70 of the state's 99 counties. They said they would

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