The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 1, 1933 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Wednesday, February 1, 1933
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WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1 Cbttonal of pakersttelb Caitformmt ALFRED KD1TOH AND PUOPniETOn Californtna issued Kvory Kvenlng Except Sunday in Bakurslleld, Kern County, California Kntered In post offloo ftt Bakersfleld, California, HH second rlnss mull matter under the Act of Congress March 8, 18711. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the UHC? for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited III this paper, and also Ihu local news published therein. The Cullfornlan la also a client of the United Frees and 'he United News and receives tho complete leased wire service of both. enjoyed during the '20s; they recognize that, und they plan accordingly; und thul is cx- uctly what government must do, und llie wonder is thul more of those entrusted with authority do not sec llie gravity of the siluu- tion. All of us must now refound out* business and so must government. MUST CARRY ON THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. S. A. THE OUTSTANDING ISSUE w 1 N THE national government, in the several stales of the Union, and in local government there appears to be far too little appreciation of the gravity of the situation which has grown up by reason of falling revenues and largely increased cost of maintenance. Nearly every stale where Ihe Legislature is in session is seeking to levy some new form of taxes in the effort to meet the expense account. To be sure in all of these slates und in many counties there is likewise an agitation in favor of reducing governmental costs, and yet there arc few instances in which the scope of this movement is wide enough to be of material help in solving the problem thai presents itself. Those in authority may set it down definitely that the proposals so commonly made for reduction in costs will effect pitiful savings as compared with the colossal expenditures reached during Ihe era of prodigal spending. It must be plain to them thai a scaling of 10 lo 15 per cenl in salaries and wages will resull in no rcduclion that will really relieve the general situalion. There must be u wider cut than that, a cut that will slrike all Ihe luxuries oul of government, jusl as they have been'stricken out of business generally throughout the country. In addition, everywhere those vested with power to make budgets and levy taxes are entitled to the co-operation of every agency that has to do with public spending and of individual citizens as well. Daily it is becoming more apparent that the policy of spending in excess of created taxation, and seeking to find additional money through new forms of taxation, is the road to ruin. Already in many localities in the Middle West Ihe laws as they are written and as they have been observed through the years, arc being flouted by an impalient public. That, in itself, is an alarming situation, even though it is confined to a rather limited area compared with the country as u whole. But we may be sure that the movement will spread, and as il does, Ihe enforced collection of taxes will become increasingly difficult. With the authorities, then, unable to collect the levies, we may reach that lime when government may not be able to find the money lo function along even economical lines. Is il nol Ihe Avise course, Ihen, lo anlicipale what the situalion may come lo be, and lo so direcl Ihe course of government thai the burden may be as light as possible upon those who are required to fool the bills? MAT newspapers have sonic hesitation in saying about themselves was very well said by .Harold Ellis of the University of California before a San " Bernardino County audience the other day. Pointing out that a well regulated newspaper, is an institution the existence of which was never more necessary than now because it leads in the work needful for rehabilitation, he called for whole-hearted support of public journnls by readers, subscribers and advertisers. The Evening Telegram, commenting upon Uic address of Mr. Ellis, points out Unit "A newspaper must carry on in a period of business stagnation precisely us it did when business was good." And it adds that such is not the case with other enterprises, railroads running as many trains us Ihe business requires, a similar rule operating in all varieties of service, corporations and individuals being governed in the matter of expenses by the degree of adversity which they face. Said the Telegram: "But the newspaper can do none of these things. The people expect to know what is going on in the world when times are bad just as they do when times are good. Indeed, they expect more from their newspapers in depressed periods because they are less busily engaged and they have more time for reading. In good times the newspapers were expected to publish all the news; they are expected to do so no less when they are struggling with the same business reverses that affect other undertakings." Not that the average publisher expects any particular reward for carrying on. That is his job. Although revenues diminish because of diminished business, so long as the news service is unimpaired there is little possibility of a paper making a corresponding reduction in the cost of doing business. But even so, The Telegram adds: "Newspapers expect neither sympathy nor laudation for such service; they desire only recognition of it." TEN YEARS AQO (Tho Callfornlun. thli dlto, 102.1) Albert Wurrlck, a young inun of mysterious antecedents hero, shot and killed himself ut a local hotel nflor playing a game of checkers with casual acquaintance. Ho left, a letter addressed to a girl In Han Francisco indicating unrequited love. Efrem zimbaltst, the noted Russ.lan violinist, will give a concert here this month. Pinafore, a classic of light operas, •was produced here with great success last night. Clarence Dledsoe's pony, straying Into traffic, was killed by a motorist today. Tho bad check artist who Is using Attorney K. F. Brlttun's name on his Spurious checks, sent u case of light globes to tho barrister. TWENTY YEARS AQO (Tho I'allfornian, this date. 1013) Bakersfleld has a population of approximately 39,000 persons at this time. ' Madame Leo Storrs gave a beautiful muslcalo last night, nt her studio, 2315 Nineteenth street. Tho Koso Maid will be presented here tonight. Harvey Tluth hns returned after visiting relatives In Vlsalla. District Attorney Tlowon Irwln Is expected buck tonight from Sun Francisco. Mr. _and Mrs. 1,. A. Robinson and sons have gone to San Francisco on a visit. The Tuft Woman's Improvement Club has taken out a permit for a library building. THIRTY YEARS AGO (Tho California!!, tlilj ilalo. luo:;) On a contract with the Midland Pacific, S.tl. Wagy Is now moving dirt In tho Cuyama valley oust of Sunset for 10 miles of grading. The Associated Oil Company has increased the capacity of Its loading rack at the Kern River fields from 25 to 50 cars. Mr. nnd Mrs. Reginald Patterson Fox entertained Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Hughes nnd Mr. and Mrs. B. A. Huy- den at dinner. Tho Union Oil Company Is drilling 12 wells In the Kern River fields, Claremont lease. Harry Dwyer has left for Los Angeles. BEGIN HERE TODAY SlKlla Srtayne, ID, *hm parent* w«r« well- known vaudeville entertainers, It • dancer. After weeks cut tf * lob she U hired to substitute for Diliy oleaien, inithir dinter, whe tiu «pr*lned her ankle. While reheirilm it je» Paris' lone, ihe* Shell* meeti Dltk Stanley •nd Trevor Line, both rl«h. Dlek le mueh it- fritted by Shell* and ure.ee Line te Include her In the irnrim p\ entertainment at i party he It ilvlni. Shellt dettlnei te come but later eieeats. At the party ilie meeti Garden Mandrake, well known producer. She leei Dlek frequently after that. Daily returni te the ihew and Sheila aialn huntt a lob. Then Mandrake effort her a part In a new play. Roheartalt boiln at onto. Sheila beeemet friendly with Jim Blalne, am of the principals In the play. They ie to Atlantic City for the tryout. There newtpapert uncover the taet that Jim It the ion ef a wealthy family and hat line on the ttaie In opposition te hli father'i wlihei. Merlin Randolph, the ttar, becemee lealeui of the pralio Sheila recelvei from erltlte and therefore Sheila It dlichiried. Dick Invltei her to tea, telllni her Mandrake will be there alto. NOW GO ON WITH THE STORY CHAPTER XVI Tho second Important happening of the, day camo only two hours later. When Dick Stanley put down tho telephone after v talking to Sheila ho walked rapidly across the living room, lighted a cigarette, tossed It < aside within five minutes. Then he sank impatiently Into a chair and called Trevor Lane's number. "It's a bad break all right," Trevor replied when Dick had told him how Sholla had left, the new show. "It doesn't meon that she wasn't a success, though. That lit*1o Tllllo Lee who has tho part now can't compare with Sheila. But Marion Randolph Is bound to have her own way,! Two pearly tears from those blue eyes and she could practically put Mandrake himself out!" Dick interrupted to say precisely what ho thought of that producer. "There's no use taking It that way," Trevor assured him. "And If you want to help Sheila you won't even mention this lo Mandrake. You say they're both coming to tea? Well, suppose I drift In on the party?" Tie did just that. Nothing was said about Sheila's departure from the cast of "When Lights Arc Low." Sheila drank her tea. looking wide-eyed and serious, smiled and answered desultory questions. She even sang a little -when Trevor asked her to sing. While sho und Dick at. the far nnd of tho room wero hunting through sheets of, music for tho song they*, wanled* Trevor talked to Mandrake. Sheila was never lo learn Just what was said In thai conversation but next morning she was again In rehearsal. Tho part was In tho road show company of a Broadway hit. This tlmn tho contract was signed. Sheila's flat lltlle TJiirse contained Iho precious document when she met Dick after tho rehearsal. "And that's that!" he said, folding Hit document after ho hud read It and handing It back lo hem "Lot's celebrate!" There was another rehearsal at 7 which would end an hour later since most, of tho cast were playing In another show abottl to close. Until 7 Dick and Sheila drove. She had a new Job. He hud been hard a.l work on his play and only Ihe night before had reached tho turning point, when every part of his drama seemed to dovetail. "We're going to have a lot of fun this year togelher," he said. His eyes, straight ahead on the pavement, turned for un Instant to meet hers. "But I won't be here! I thoughl you knew, Dick. It's the road company I'm going In!" "The road company?" Ills face was blank. "But, good Lord, Sheila, you can't take It then! Tho road company! Why, that means traveling—" "Of course It does," Sheila put In. "And I love It." He turned toward her a face so filled with dismay that her own expression softened. Her hand crept out on tho wheel to pat his own. "But, Sheila, you can't!" he Insisted. "Oh, please—I want you here!" "I've been here all tho time, Dick," sho replied uncertainly. It. was so exactly like a man to suddenly discover that a girl was Indispensable Just when she was leaving. "I know you have, honey. But somehow I didn't know how mxich you mean to me until now." They had driven far up the drive and wero Hearing Inspiration Point. It was barely 6:30. By choosing tho least crowded thoroughfares he could have her back at tho hall where tho rehearsal was to be held In plenty of time. The sky across tho Palisades was rosy, river The silver roughness of reflected every shade of the the NEWS BEHIND THE NEWS -(Cepyrliht McClure Newspaper Syndicate)- RANDOM NOTES WASHINGTON By PAUL MALL'ON C ABINET—Mr. Roosevelt Is still smiling to all callers and saying 'Fine, fine, fine," but he has run Into its first major difficult problem. None of his advisers have been smart enough yet to figure It out. There are strong Indications he will dally with It Indefinitely to see whether the problem will settle Itself. Most of tho trouble comes from try- ng to satisfy both conservatives and If till of the United Stales Senators were as strictly on the water wagon as Ihe vote of the majority has indicated in times gone by, it naturally would follow thai a good deal of waler would be consumed lo quench Ihe senatorial thirst. That would be inexpensive provided solons were satisfied with the ordinary H a O formula, but apparently the water they crave is not the kind thai comes oul of Ihe faucel, bul rather thai which is contained in bottles. In some quarters we have what may be termed a very definite resistance to any proposal looking to the lessening of government maintenance; but authorities ought to begin to understand that such expressed sentiment in that respect does not represent the sentiment of the great masses of the people, particularly those upon whom falls the burden of creating the revenue necessary for the conduct of public affairs. The situation is such as calls for wise leadership, and, we should add, stern leadership. Effective action taken now will strengthen law observance and go far toward preventing such conditions as have come into existence in. some sections of the nation. As an evidence of what can be accomplished where there is such leadership, where there is determination to cope with the vexed problems of dec-reused revenues and high government costs, attention is directed to the And so, according to a rcporl just published, the senators drank 25,000 botlles of mineral walcr of one kind or another in a 30-wecks' session, Ihe bill totaling $61550, with $2500 more for ice lo make Ihe waler still more palatable. And the report discloses some other evidences of how economies arc being effected at Washington in this day of insistence upon reduction in the cost of government. The Senate maintains a barber shop, and the salaries of barbers for a 30-week session amounted to $8<!00. Whereupon, some person with a flair for figures points oul thai if each one of Ihe 96 senators was shaved every day at 25 cents a shave, the cost would be only $144 a week, and if each member had a hair cut every week, Ihe total bill would be $ 18. 11ms, the aggregate hair cuts and shaves wonlii amount to $5760 al the usual rate, as againsl $8100 that Ihe Senate paid for barbers wages alone. jrogresslvo wlnga which ilm In tho last campaign. supported A feeler was put out from his en- .ourage during his Washington visit suggesting Owen D. Young UK secretary of state or treasury. Immediately progressives flocked to him In nrlvutc protest. A certain progressive Democratic senator Informed the President-elect "your administration would be stultified at the outset by such un appointment." To ease that situation trial balloons wero floated for two progressive Republicans, Senator Cutting of New Mexico and former Governor Phil Lu Follette of Wisconsin. These two could not. HOO their way clour to cut their old parly lien. The private version offered by Mr. Roosevelt's friends IH that they put on their high hats and walked out." 15very ungln of the situation is an complicated as the above related Incidents. Certain Ideal appointments cannot bo'made. Two good senators are too old. Two other progressive Republican senators have declined to serve. Tho A. F. of L. Is raising Cain about the labor post. Some of the niont prominent men In the party have pleaded they cannot leave their busi- ness in times like these. One prospective appointee to a key position confessed financial connections would prevent him from serving. If you fan figure out what should be done In a mess like that you ought to be President-elect. B UDGET—The big board of best minds that Mr. Roosevelt carries around to help him with his thinking Is dead set ugulnst the general Washington view that the budget should bo strongly balanced. Most of Ihe college profs and proml- inent men on the board expressed themselves to friends when Mr. Roosevelt was here. They think that trying to balance a budget 18 months ahead of time Is theoretical bookkeeping. They point out that It will require the heaviest taxes this country ever hand, even Including war times. They are convinced other ways should be followed to maintain confidence In government finances. They suggest strong economies. The way the Roosovell board of best minds Svorks with tho president-elect Is Homelhlng entirely new In politics. They do their thinking about the Issues for weeks. Then ho assembles thnm either singly or in group*. They air their views freely. He drinks It all In, memorizes amazingly, nays "Yes, yes" nnd then dors what ho pleases. Ho lots them do tho preliminary Ihlnking for him. lie makes Ihe decisions. • • • /-1AMPAIGNING—Mr. Hoover Is pny- v-< Ing off pollllcal favors und making new political friends by wending up to the Senate thousands of nominations for public, office when ho knows they cannot be confirmed. No nominations have been or will bo confirmed this session. The Democrats have served such notice and Republicans can do nothing uboul It. Yet the stream of new names for poslmaslerships that are not available continues to pour Into the Senate from the White House. The strategy Is probably helping Mr. Hoove 1 .- and Postmaster-General Walter Brown lo keep a closer hand on_ Iho party personnel. B EER—The 3.05 per cent beer con- lenl Idea came from Senalor Dill. He gol it out of the British tax law. They tax beer of more than that amount of alcoholic content. Sweden tuxes everything about 3,6 per cent, figuring that us the point of Intoxication. The House bill split the difference at 3.2 per cent, which probably Is about right. NEW YORK By JAMES McMULLIN T OTHIAN—Great significance is ut- [HAITI By DR. FRANK McCOY CAUSES OF HERNIA OFTEN MISUNDERSTOOD T HIS human abdominal muscles arc usually slronger In proporllon lo wcighl lhan any animal lhal walks on all fours; this Is a necessary accommodation for the extra strain of walk- Ing upright. Man probably did not descend from any ape or monkey as we now know them, but It Is apparent from our anatomical structures that our curly ancestors must have walked in pretty much of'a crouched 1 position with tho head jtnd shoulders well in front of tho pelvis. As tho upright position was gradually assumed, the muscles and tendons must come ruptured more than women due to the more strenuous work which they do. Sixty per cent occur after the ago of 3D. Most cases occur in trades requiring very heavy lifting. Ordinary ruptures give lltllo trouble at night that he loved her. It Both of them had so J.J tached to tho visit hero of Lord Lothian (better known us Phillip Kerr). Right-hand man of Uoyd George dnring tho Versailles Peace- Conference, he has long played a prominent role In British and international affairs. As an unofficial emissary on debt settlement questions he will bo top news In due course. B niTAIN—There Is a deep aura of mystery around Britain's gold transactions with this country. Twenty-five million dollars out of the DS set aside In London for the Federal Reserve Bunk In payment of the British debt Installment has already been reclaimed from English resources. Also there have been no less than six oarnmrklng.M of local federal reserve gold for foreign account in the past few week*. The Federal Re.servo has gone to greal pulns lo conceal the Identity of tho earmarker—which Is also England. The question as to where Britain gets the funds lo buy Ibis gold and what she .wants with It ure mel with profound silence In official quarters. The answer to tho first question Is either (a) Britain was kidding us about sunsot. The park, high on tho rocks, twinkled uncertainly with diamond- Ike lights, growing brighter and brighter as tho sky slowly faded. Sheila straightened. Dick mustn't tell her now wouldn't, do. many other things lo think about. But did he really love her? Did sho want him lo lell her so even If It were true? "C think wo should turn back, Dick," sho told him, withdrawing her hand. "It's getting late." "Just as you say." He did not raise his eyes. » .0 • Swiftly tho car skimmed down the drive, crossed Into tho park at. One Hundred and Tenth street and picked up the winding road through tho trees. They reached Forty-fifth street at 7. o'clock promptly. "I'll be walling when you've finished," Dick said. Sheila ran up\lho stairs, her, cheeks burning. Was Dick going Ip ask her lo marry him? If sho agreed what would they live on? Dick had said that he was tho poor member of the family. He meant poor, no doubt, according to Trevor Lane's standards —not her own. Dlqk could hardly rent, that lovely penthouse without a fair Income. True enough, his home wasn't anything like tho palatial quarters whoro Trevor Ijino lived. Trevor's apartment was a show place—a perfect selling for Iho sort of parties ho gave. Dick's rooms were cozy with deep, comfortable chains, dark wood, his books, his fireplace,' his cluttered tables. Dick was a fine fellow, a real friend—but did she want him to fall In love with her? As sliellu took her place on the stage she tried to put all this from her mind. The chorus WOM going through its'puces. Weary girls' In practice suits, always willing, always cheerful tinder the most grueling, tortuous drilling. They looked little more than children. These girls received little pay nnd for that lltlle Ihey worked long hours, endured Ihe bllteresl crlllcal commenls from sarcastic stago managers. Sheila watched tho chorus stopping through Its routine. Then tho ensemble fell back against the wings and sho fluttered Int6 tho open space. "That's right!" tho dance director nodded, seating himself but not raising his eyes "from Sheila's feet. "See that, girls? Watch how Shayne docs that step!" • * • The girls attained respectful attention. Black curls bent to blonde frizzles nnd nodded approval. All eyes were on Sheila's flying feet. Countless times tho chorus went through the routine. Counlless limes Sheila flultcred down among them, smiling, slowing a step and .repealing It for their edification. Klght o'clock came. Half the chorus lefl abruptly, looking anxiously al Ihelr cheap little wrist watches. To h>o five minutes late might mean the OSK of a pay chock. Sheila stayed on. She was not In- anolher show, as the dance director •well know. Sho could hear the horn of Dick's car honking Impatiently through tho open window giving on the street. Then sho heard the car draw away to round tho block. A traffic policeman had been responsible Tor that, no doubt! Presently she heard the car pulling up to the curb again. Nino o'clock came. Nine-fifteen. Shrlla remained fluttering, weaving, twirling, her hair flopping, her heart pounding with fatigue, her face slightly flushed but her smile and her eyes serene. At 9:30, on Dick's fifth round of tho block, she appeared in tho doorway. Sho smiled gratefully arid stepped into the seal beside tho wheel. "Tired?" ho asked. "Terribly. The air will do me good, though. So will a lltlle food. Have you eulen?" Dick looked toward her In mild rebuke. "W<i're going to have dinner togelher," ho said gently. "Now and always, Sheila! Give up this crazy road Idea, won't you, and stay hereC Please!" . (Continued tomorrow) By FREDERIC J. HASKIN Washington Is tho world's greatest storehouse of all kinds, of knowledge. You cm ilfaw on It free of charge through our Buroau lher«. An} quMtlon of fact, you may ask will be ani; aworod promptly In a personal teller to you. Be careful to write clearly, giro. your, full ' name and iddren, and encloio 8'mntl for reply pnitaxe. Do not uio postcards, ttotld your Inquiry to The Bakersfleld California!! Information, llurenu. Ifrwterlc J., Baikln, Director. Washington, D. C. ' / Q. Why 1 Is Mardl Gras BO called?— W. O. •'••;•• A. From the French practice "of parading a .fat ox (boeuf gras)-during tho celebrallon of tho day. Tho name means fat Tuesday, Marl being French for Tuesday. It IB the last day of carnival, Iho.lalter comprising,tho last Ihreo days before Lent, the feast or season of rejoicing observed with public merriment and revelry, leasts, etc. Q. Why Is Birmingham, Alabama, such an Important Industrial city?— R. Q. A. Tho Industrial development of Birmingham Is based on Ihimonsa mineral deposits. All tho materials needed for making steel are found In close proximity. Pig iron and steel are the leading products although 2000 different commodities arc produced In tho Birmingham district. Q. A. Who was Pheldlppldos?—O. L. He was tho Athenian courier dispatched In 490 B. O. to Sparta to solicit aid against the Persians. Ho Is also the character in the poem by Browning who is credited with being the runner who carried the Important news after the Battle of Marathon. The real name of tho runner Is not known. Browning merely chose a characteristic name of tho "period. Q. How far away can clouds bo seen?—J. K. A. The weather bureau says that in open flat country clouds of the broad stratus or layer type cannot be seen more than 30 lo 40 miles away, and not half so far if the air Is hazy or misty. On Ihe other hand, when tho air Is quite clear a well-developed thunderstorm cloud may, under favorable conditions, be seen for more than 100 miles. ruptures give lltllo trouble at night her str n tened flnancal condition or and are more easily seen when the pa- (b) she has obtained a Hlzeab" tlent Is standing than when lying open account Innn frnn, r,rU. n t« •,„„!,. lying down. The slzo and severity of a rupture varies greatly; however, tho common tendency is for It to grow larger and more dangerous. Most ruptures are reducible, which moans that they can be pushed buck Into placo with tho fingers. On thin fact depends tho value of tho truss, which la applied as u support to hold tho Intestines or other organs whero they belong. Usually tho All in till, the nuiintcnancc of the Senate runs into a pretty penny.. 'Hie appropriation budget of the state of New York, as'it has!for the year amounted lo $-1,116,465, the sen- been prepared by Governor Lehman. In 1930, with revenues based upon the lush year of 1929. the stale spent $400,000,000. The budget this year calls for a total of $234,000,000, the lowest estimate in a period of seven years. New York has a banker Governor who is supplying leadership, the kind of leadership that must be developed throughout the country if the taxpayers are to weather the storm that is now upon them. Business is already adjusting itself to the new economic condition into which the world has passed. The individual, whether he be among the late wealthy class or of the Jess well-to-do, is facing the solution of the same problem. There is little thought among business men or labor that they will get back soon to the good times that were should remain u, balance of $128,2117. u tors' salaries aggregate $1,149,000 and other salaries, $J,893,000. II cost $00,340 to report the proceedings of the Senate and the stationery totaled $44,147.09. Of course there were other expenses. The record shows that the Senate consumed 500 aspirin tablets, one bottle of bromo selt/er, one package of mint tablets, three pounds of bicarbonate of soda, two bottles of mouth wash, three pints of medicated alcohol and five gallons of witch hazel. All in all, il looks as if it lakes a good deal of money to run the Senate. But when we consider the wide variety of senatorial needs, from aspirin lo witch hazel, to say nothing of mineral water and hair cuts, the wonder is that oul of $4,110,455 appropriation there ts will sup- purtod in some manner. Tho main danger in hernia Is Unit It may arrive ut a condition whoro it cannot bo returned readily to Its proper position. It is I lion called an IrrrUucihle hernia. Another clangor Is thai of strangulation, which may occur whore the part ruin I Ion of blond IN HkcwlKo have slowly become stronger | B ,, p „„' fluTlng ll( , tl * lty to add support to the more or loss movable arguim inside the abdomen. Cooanlonully wo find u person who apparently WUK born with the earlier typo of structure in tlm abdominal iniiKclPH and tendons, whoro they lire not UM strong as they should bo. In thesn cases, unless an cMru effort is miido to develop tho abdominal mus- i'loH to their entire btrength, Ihoro Is 11 danger of hernia developing. This danger also exists In people whero Iho abdominal muscles have not been developed normally by exercise lo withstand the strains to which thoy are subjected. In either ca.se there IH u danger thai tho weight of Ihe prolapsed organs may prens upon the weak tissues of tho lower abdomen and push through, producing u hernia or rupture. Even when the weak places exist, a hernia Is not apt to occur unless two other conditions are present: One is u severe strain, as in heavy lifting, hard coughing or Jumping; und the other Is an Internal pressure which may be caused either by gus or extreme pro- lapsus. Flatulence Is practically always a predisposing cause and must be overcome before a cure qan be regarded us permanent. The throe points whero a rupture is most likely to occur are: Near tho femoral vessels close to tho thigh (femoral ruplure), which Is more common In women than men; near the groin (Inguinal rupluro), which IB morn likely to occur In men; neur tho tiavol (unbllli-al ruplure), which may , bo found ill young children. Meti be- open account loan from bank- - ers here. Private banking sources who know tho answer arc significantly silent. As to why England wants the gold- It is known thai powerful Inlerests in Britain are. dissatisfied with the climb of tho pound and will do all they can to push It down again. Therefore If Kngland sells .sterling now und has the gold to buy It buck again at lower levels she cun roll up a sweet profit. • * * rjPECHNOCRACY— Tho split in tech- 1 nocrutlc ranks which throw Howard Srolt out of tho Columbia group has been browing for somo time. .Scott's pnrsonitllty has grilled on his collaborators. Mutters came to a head whi-n Kcott was hilled for a nationwide radio hookup and converted a Q. Who were Ihe Magi?—A. T. 'A.. Among the ancient Persians, they wero the priestly and learned class. In tho Bible, tho Three Wise Men from the East are referred to as Magi. Q. How much money Is spent in a year for advertising In tho United States?— L. S. C. A. According to a recent estimate. the annual expenditure for advertising of all kinds in tho United States approximates 11,502,000,000. Q. Was tho United States signatory to the trealy guaranteeing the neutrality of Belgium?— H. B. G. A. The United States was not a signatory of Ihe Ireuly guaranteeing tho neulrallly of Belgium. The United States has no military treaties with any other nation-. Q. What Is the federal tax on a. package of cigarettes? — E. M. K. I A. The federal tax on cigarettes Is J3 per 1000 cigarettes, rather lhan by unit of sale. This amounts to tax of 6 cenls per package of 20; a. cents per package of 15; und 3 cents per package of 10. VIEWPOINT OF THE READERS KDITOIl'K NOTB: The Callfoniltn will print Utters from ruaders. Surh letters must be confined to 150 words, written legtbly and on onu aide of the paper. They must be bona* flilely aliened by the wilter wtlh complete ad- dreis given, which W'lll bo published. No anonymous communication will bo printed. This Is emphatic. The California^ reserves the right to reject any or all manuscripts and U not responsible for sentiments contained therein. of the protruding intfstlnc.s bun bo- swell opportunity Into u terrible Hop. onio ftqucxzod tightly so lhal the clr- There may bo u big row us to who rut off \yith (swelling, pain, und the danger of K"n- greno. In nwh ruses un operation Is required Immediately. Tho chuniiMFrititli's symptoms of rupturo l.s the .swelling which may rr- a small lump or tumor. It Is, however, posnible to huvn internal ruptures, suy upward through the dlu- phragni, which are not visible externally. In treating a rupture there is often possibility of cure through strengthening the abdominal muscles and a. reduction of Internal pressure, provided the' hernia has not progressed too far. owns tho energy survey churls ul- ready completed. Scott haw small chuneo of currying his point. • * « M RS. F. It. R.—A friend asked Mrs. Roosevelt why she gavo herself the gruelling labor of going personally through tho two or three hundred letters In her dully mull. "Why," she said, "It's tho only way I can feel that I am in touch with ever}' part of tho country. Many of those letters contain valuable Information. There are hints and suggestions which could not be obtained otherwise." Her public spirit has led her to enter Into many MAKE MORE WORK Editor The Bakersfleld Callfornlan: I believe that a healthy Increase In business activity will come to this and other communities only through Increased employment at betler lhan a living wage. While listening to a radio program tho other evening 1 was told how much I could save by ^subscribing for a certain magazine as compared with purchasing each Issue at tho news bland; and was Hhown how easy a subscription could be. placed—simply telephoiin Woslorn Union, and presto! All was consummated! Tho t news dealer's profit iillnilnated, or tho subscription solicitor's Hinull commission, and poHHlbly dn away with the necessity of lot-ill newspaper advertising or other local medium of publicity. Yet one puyn the same rate for Ihe magazine. In checking the local list of donors to the city license! tax 1 fulled to find any being paid by thn Western Union, yet they are supplying local and very snvere competition In package delivery und other distributing methods, aS: well us In the Instance cited above. Every one should contribute to Increasing work, not eliminate It and I trusl you find it possible to publish this letler us my individual protest. E. H. WEDGE. the.hernia has not progressed too far. fields, and has brought down on her Sometimes skillful surgery Is neces- | head much criticism from those who to correct a complete rupture. This operation Is being very skillfully done nowadays so thul there IB not as great a danger of fatality or recurrence as In former times. However, In many cases tho abdominal walls are not actually torn through but only strained out of shape, In which cu.se il Is usually posxiblo to bring about a euro through tho methods outlined In my article tomorrow. auiitUnt vrlttM by reaattri if The Callttr. nlan, addressed to Or. Frank MsOoy, 689 South Ardmart av«nu«, L» AnialM, will be an- avtrtel. IfltltM «lt-»ddroisld stuuied envelept. do not understand Mrs. Roosevelt's motives. Intimates of Mrs. F. D. R. say thai her frequent lectures und other au- peuranees ure all made In her Intense desire to be of service. The money she receives from her Friday evening tulks over tho radio for u commercial firm is divided among her churltles. Ono half goes to tho unemployment rellof fund, und tho remainder IH given lo tho various organizations for'help- ing the poor in which the first lady- eloct Is especially Interested. Ono of thoso is the Henry Streel Nursea. None of Ihls money is retained by tho distinguished radio artiste. Q. How far south do Eskimos live? —I. K. C. A. Tho Eskimos are inhabitants of I ho norlhern coast of tho. American continent down to latitude 60 degrees north on tho west, and 55 degrees on tho cast, and of the Arctic Islands, . Greenland, und about 400 miles of -the nearest Asiatic coast. They prefer Iho vicinity of tho seashore, from which they rarely withdraw more than. 20 to 80 miles. A lecture lour Is an ignoble experience which consists of a series of changing evenls uboul 11 o'clock la tho morning nnd Its only compensation Is that you see America.—Thorn- Ion Wilder, aulhor and lecturer. Why you no ask me am I In luff with someone? You moos bo crazy!;— Lupo ynlez, movlo star, when Inlor- viowed In New York. I'd bo very woody if I didn't know what I'm worth ut tho gate.—Bubo •Ruth, "homo run king," uoinmonUiig on salary dispute. M i icXWEiy S Almanac: February VI&14 -Volcanic eruption in Philippine Islands. Q33— Oratorical eruptions in the Philippine Islands. l$72-Franc«» starts un iversw subscnp tiOtttepatfmwm indemnity •v: Q. How did the party which Thoo-- dore Roosevelt led In 1912 happen to be called tho Bull Moose Party?—!• R. D. T. A. In "Our Times," Mark Sullivan says that Roosevelt went to Chicago at the time of the Republican national convention, and when nuked about his health and spirits told tho reporter ho felt like a bull moose. "Bull Moose" appeared on the front pageu of 10,000 newspapers, and immediately became a symbol universally understood. Q. What country has had the longest uninterrupted term of peace?— H. II. A. Switzerland has probably had a longer uninterrupted term of peace than any other country in the world. Q. When was the first breech- loading double-barreled shotgun made? —W. • M. B. A. The first practical double- barreled, breech-loading shotgun was ' made In 1838 by a French gunsmith Caslmlr Lefauchcux (1802-52). Although this was u crude weapon In most respects It Is a remarkable fact that Its inventor 1 ullllzed, for the first . time, the prlnolplo of having tho barrels lip downward from u hinge near tho brooch, a form which IIUH never been Improved upon and Is used, loday liy pracllcally all shotgun makers. »t 0 <"' .: M

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