WlijJournal OPINION PAGE SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1974 r James Grdy. Crrar/« Underwood. Rooerr Editorial Comment, Some thoughts on the Wounded Knee trial U.S. District Judge Fred Nichol has refused to dismiss charges against Dennis Banks and Russell Means because of alleged government misconduct. The trial of the two men, arising from the takeover of Wounded Knee, will be continued about May 1. The trial has been interrupted for four weeks while hearings took place to evaluate evidence that the FBI had illegally monitored phone calls during the Wounded Knee occupation. In his written opinion Judge Nichol found that the FBI had operated an illegal wiretap and that the government had failed to comply with a court order for evidence to be turned over to the defense. The judge said this dilatory and negligent conduct by the FBI has "brought this court to the brink of dismissing this case." No doubt the FBI deserves to be reprimanded in this instance. However, Judge Nichol has guarded the rights of the defense by forbidding any evidence resulting from the illegal monitoring to be used in the case. And that makes sense to us. But to average people such as ourselves, untutored in the law, it does not seem reasonable that these should have been grounds to drive Judge Nichol to the brink of dismissal. The FBI actions took place under the heat and pressure of the 71-day occupation of Wounded Knee. Agents were trying to control a violent situation and restore order. The fact remains that much private property was destroyed in that small South Dakota village and people sustained injuries. Whether it was an "assault" as claimed by the authorities or a "liberation" as claimed by - American Indian Movement leaders, nevertheless it was an exercise in violence. In view of these circumstances we cannot see why phone monitoring should be a prime reason to forget what happened at Wounded Knee. The phone tap didn'tcause the incident —militant Indians did. Let's not forget that Mr. Means and Mr. Banks are charged with, among other things, burglary, theft, firearms violations and assault. Their guilt or innocence, it i seems to us, should not hinge on things purely in• cidental to the charges. i Now we can understand how a certain decorum j must be observed in the courtroom, and certain rules • must be followed. But, to our untrained mind, it j appears as though too many cases recently are j decided on the basis of procedural errors. Certainly • individual rights must be protected, as should the | rights of society, but justice must be the clearly • defined goal in court if the best interest of both are to \ be served. . [ Individual; freedom and a free society are in:. separable. One cannot exist without the other. And | the best way to preserve these precious commodities i is through true justice in the courtroom. Adroit legal i. maneuvering to avoid considering the hard evidence : of a case does not serve this cause. Tax attorney not contacted by committee By DICK BARNES Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) Frank DeMarco, the attorney under investigation for his role in preparing President Nixon's contested tax returns, says his law firm still is handling business for Nixon but isn't directly responsible for his current tax return. He said his firm continues to handle local property matters for Nixon, presumably concerning the President's San Clemente estate. DeMarco's actions in preparing Nixon's fax returns for 1969-72 were examined by the Internal Revenue Service and a congressional committee as part of their review of the President's taxes. After their findings, Nixon agreed to pay $432,787 in back taxes, plus interest. Informed sources now say the IRS has referred the questions about the preparation of the returns, including DeMarco's role, to the Watergate special prosecutor. DeMarco said he Alger Hiss optimistic GAMBIER, Ohio (AP) - Alger Hiss, who was involved in a government scandal in the 1950s, says despite scandals surrounding high political office, "this is the moment to go forward with new ways and a new politics." Hiss said Thursday he is optimistic about the future of American politics. He spoke at Kenyon College on the McCarthy era during which he was convicted, saying mass education has prevented "the type of political hysteria which pervaded people at that time. Hiss is a former State Department employe convicted on two counts of perjury in 1950 after being accused of passing secret documents to the Communists. Business News Fergus Falls employment total 5,193 Fergus Falls employment increased during March to 5,193, which is 77 above February this year and 235 above March, 1973, the Fergus Falls office of the Minnesota Department of Employment Services reports. All industries except retail trade reported gains. The largest increase occurred in the woodworking industry. Comparative figures for March the past five years show 4,893 in 1970; 4,869 in 1971; 4,920 in 1972; 4,958 in 1973, and 5,193 this year. Nearly 600 were umemployed in March. Many will return to their former jobs as building and road construction operations resume. Here are figures by category, showing February and March this year and March, 1973. Feb. Mar. Mar. Category 1974 1974 1973 Retail Trade 904 899 914 Service 1180 1191 1205 Manufacturing 794 834 725 Whole. Trade 78 89 74 Public Mil. 541 542 541 Government 1226 1230 1132 Finance 219 219 195 Construction 150 160 137 Other 24 29 35 Total 5116 5193 4958 Dumke attends training school YD RATHER HAVE DETENTE WITH <UBA AMP 4ET A DECENT has not been contacted by anyone on the special prosecution force. DeMarco commented from his Los Angeles office in response to questions asked by telephone through his secretary, who relayed the answers. DeMarco had signed Nixon's lax returns as preparer along with Arthur Blech, a Ix>s Angeles accountant. The White House has refused lo comment on who is preparing the return for 1973. Blech said recently the White House had obtained an extension of the normal April 15 filing deadline. The White House has also refused to say for nearly two months whether DeMarco, his law firm, or former partner Herbert Kalmbach are still handling any legal or personal business for Nixon. They began representing the President when he bought his San Clemente property in 1969. Kalmbach also was a principal fund raiser for Nixon campaigns. Kalmbach pleaded guilty Feb. 25 to one felony and one misdemeanor violation of federal campaign finance law. The next day, he announced he had resigned as of Feb. 15 from the Kalmbach. Chillingsworth, Knapp and DeMarco law firm. Increase in gasoline announced CLEVELAND, Ohio (AP) Standard Oil Co. of Ohio has announced increased supplies of gasoline available for motorists and a 29 per cent jump in profits during the first quarter of 1974. Sohio Chairman Charles Spahr said Thursday the amount of gasoline available to motorists was increased this week by about 11 million gallons, about 10 per cent more than had been scheduled for April. He said Sohio's first quarter 1974 earning were $22.6 million, or 62 cents a share, compared with $17.5 million, or 48 cents, for the corresponding 1973 period. The per-share figures were adjusted to reflect a two-for-one stock split last Nov. 16. Candidacy announced by Stenvig ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) Former Minneapolis Mayor Charles Stenvig announced Friday that he will seek Republican endorsement for secretary of state. Stenvig, 46, had won two teams as mayor as an independent but announced in February that he planned to become an active Republican. He claimed "widespread support from Republicans across the state." After leaving office in January, Stenvig returned to his former duties on the Minneapolis Police Department. He has been on the force about 17 years. State Sen. J. Robert Stassen, South St. Paul, announced that he will not seek endorsement for governor and probably not for any statewide office. Stassen also had been mentioned as a poetntial candidate for secretary of state. The incumbent secretary of state, Arlen Erdahl. is seeking Republican endorsement for congress in the 2nd District. Both announcements Friday cme on the eve of the first of 16 district political conventions, the GOP convention for the 6th district in Willmar. Both parties will hold conventions in the eight congressional districts to endorse candidates for congress. Most of the candidates for statewide office are expected to tour the conventions. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr. Jarr.es Gray. News Ed Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. SUBSCRIPTION QATES ei vered bf ca-r er.W v^jx" 1 ~3 Bs ^a ' -Taj\.ar(( r-Qi « SO 1-ros JJ'S Of"C'5Ta*es Ur . S7KV 4 MFV6FQOF THE ASSOv' AT ED P 1 ? E.SS PerWAI i SOOtll Dear Minnie, "April is the cruellest month, breeding lilacs out of the dead land, mixing memory and desire, stirring dull roots with spring rain." An armful - of budding geraniums if you can guess who wrote those words. You think I'm getting high-falutin and trying to act smart like one of Sidney Harris's quizzes? Well, dearie, Thomas Eliot wrote those words in "The Waste Land." Spring does strange things to people and my little fling with poetry that's over my head is temporary. I've been so thrilled to see mv marigold seeds come up in a pot on the windowsill I don't agree April is so cruel. When grass can get a tinge of green and robins can sing again? April can be beautiful. Of course April can be a few other things, too. Like sore muscles from bending and raking. Getting out the hose and washing away the North Dakota topsoil from the sides of the house. Of seeing the winter's litter along the roadsides, sleds and snow shovels and Christmas wreaths at city homes. Noticing barefooted kids and millions of bicycles all of a sudden. Spring means wondering when the ice will go out of l.ake Alice, f-ast year it was March 30 and the normal time is about April 15. Some of the spring miseries are gone. Can you remember beating the dust out of carpets and mattresses, getting the ashes out of the basement or taking down the parlor heater? Then you may even remember sulfur and molasses. But you don't look your age. Another nice thing about spring is seeing all the snowbirds come back home. I mean people who spent all the cold months in Florida or Arizona. They really seem glad to get back to their old haunts ami friends. Earth Week starts Sunday, did you know, anil that seems like good timing. What are you going to do about it? Plant a tree or pick up litter? Speaking of planting trees reminds me of reading lately about Johnny Appleseed. He was poor and religious and went barefoot even in the winter. He was also an early day backpacker and went into Pennsylvania. Ohio and Indiana planting seeds from cider presses. When settlers arrived the apple trees were waiting. His grave near Fort Wayne, Ind.. where he died in 1845 is" the center of a small park. If you like variety in your reading you might curl up with - a book put out by the Bureau of the Census. It's called "Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1973." All kinds of useful information. The average American eats 6.1 pounds of shelled peanuts a year. There are 1,815 one-room schools still surviving across the country. Electric can openers are used in 33,300,000 homes. Back in 1972 the favorite outdoor recreation of 34 per cent of the people was pleasure driving. What will it be this year? The rocking chair? In 1972 picnics attracted 74,500,000 Americans. An 13,760,000 fans went to greyhound races. Sportsmen bowled on 6,146 duckpin lanes, played golf on 5,989, 9-hole golf courses and 5,385 18-hole golf courses. There are 2,954,000 bus drivers, 172,000 taxi drivers, 63,000 locomotive engineers, 101,000 librarians, 365,000 policemen and detectives. Living on the farm are 9,426,000 people with a per capita income of $3,536. Farmers raised 407 million chickens which laid 70 billion eggs. And in 1972 the packing industry canned 37 million pounds of sardines. If you think prices are going up, be glad you don't have to live on truffles. They're selling for $100 a pound in Paris. And Beluga caviar, which I haven't served lately, brings $27 a quarter of a pound in Washington, D.C. Gourmets in Newfoundland go for fried codfish tongues. I'm thinking more along the lines of hog dogs in fruited brandy sauce. Do I hear you groaning again"? Well, it's lime to stir a little in the flower bed and maybe talk Ed into cleaning a few windows. As ever, Sadie Getschel cited Arnold J. Getschel, Fergus Falls, district representative for Aid Association for Lutherans, recently was cited for outstanding sales and service to members and qualified for the President's Club. AAL is a fraternal life and health insurance society headquartered in Appleton, Wis. Life insurance in force among over a million members exceeds $6.5 billion. Meeting boycott announced PARIS (AP) - The South Vietnamese delegation to the conference with the Viet Cong on the" political future of the country today said it would not return to the meetings until "the Communist side shows a serious desire for peace by its acts." The South Vietnamese delegation walked out of the long- stalled conference April 12 as a protest over the Communist capture of a South Vietnamese base at Tong Le Chan. The statement from the South Vietnamese delegation said, "The Communist forces should strictly respect the cease-fire in place and return to their positions of Jan. 28, 1973, as stipulated in the Paris agreement, without assuming a right to capture government bases such as Tong Le Chan and these bases should be returned immediately." When he walked out of the 47th meeting last week, Nguyen Xuan Phong, acting chief of the South Vietnamese delegation, proposed the next session should be held today. The Viet Cong refused this date and suggested April 26. DFL sets hearings on 1974 platform MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) - The Minnesota DFL party will hold six hearings on its 1974 platform in various communities around the state. A hearing was scheduled at 9:30 a.m. today in Minneapolis. Other hearings are scheduled April 27th at Rochester and Marshall and May 4 at Moorhead, Duluth and St. Cloud. The outstate hearings will run from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Henry Dumke, serviceman for Swanson Equipment, Fergus Falls, has returned from a week-long training program at the Sperry New Holland Service Training School at Lenexa, Kan. He attended sessions in the service and repair of a wide variety of farm machinery. Dumke has been employed by Swanson Equipment for 12 years. He has an extensive farm and mechanical background. Martin Langemo joins Future Homes staff Future Homes has announced the appointment of Martin Langemo Jr. to the sales staff at Fergus Falls. Ixingemo resides in the Deer Creek community. He was formerly employed by Lutheran Brotherhood. Conklin distributors Mr. and Mrs. David D. Jensen, Fergus Falls Route 5, and Mr. and Mrs. Curtis G. Weigand, Wendell, have completed the Conklin leadership preparation school in Minneapolis. They have awarded the positions of distributors in the Conklin organization. Erdahl views GOP morale ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) — Republicans should run "hard and scared" in Minnesota congressional races this fall, says a leading GOP candidate. There are no congressional seats in Minnesota "safe" for Republicans this year, said Secretary of State Arlen Erdahl, himself a candidate for OOP endorsement in the 2nd District. "I think Watergate has had a negative effect on the Republican party, on its morale," Erdahl said. Republicans currently hold four of Minnesota's eight congressional districts. Districts with a GOP incumbent include the 1st (Rep. Albert Quie), 2nd (Rep. Aneher Nelsen), 3rd (Rep. William Frenzel) and 6th (Rep. John Zwacn). Nelsen and Zwach are not running for re-election. Krdahl said he believes said he believes Quie and Frenzel will be re elected. But he added they're "going to have to have a lot of people helping them." Noting results elsewhere in the country, Erdahl said 1974 is "starting out as a tough year. Republicans are going to have to work harder... I think Republicans should be running hard and scared." Erdahl said he has asked Vice President Gerald Ford to campaign for him in Minnesota this year, if he gets the 2nd District nomination. Erdahl was an intern in Ford's congressional office for several months in 1967-68 •Merry-Go-Round" What happened to the $ 50,000? By Jack Anderson They'll Do It Every Time THI6 IS m LATEST- A CURUEP H£AP- I NEEPEP A NEW ON6-AU. WYCUJBS GETTING QUO— BUY'S 6VKV NEW GOLF GIMMICK"- WHAT, ANOTH6R PUTTER? THIS BLADE-- ONLYAWEEK.' IT INSlPE A SHARPED IT.' HOLLERING ABOUT? WASHINGTON- What happened to the $50,000 that billionaire Howard Hughes siphoned from one of his Las Vegas gambling casinos for Hubert Humphrey's 1968 presidential campaign? We published the first report of the |50,000 mystery money on Aug. 6, 1971. Now the story is back in the headlines. Our 1971 account quoted Hughes' handwritten - instructions to the head of his Nevada empire, Robert Maheu, to' 'get the word to (Humphrey) on a basis of secrecy that is really, really reliable that we will give him immediately full, unlimited support for his campaign to enter the White House." The $50,000 was suppoed to have been a down payment on that promise. But we wrote that "there's no record the $50,000 was ever received." Maheu refused to discuss the matter with us in 1971. But now he has sworn under oath that he "borrowed" the money from the Frontier Hotel casino and delivered it to Humphrey in a briefcase in front of Los Angeles' Century Plaza Hotel. We have obtained a copy of Humphrey's sworn interrogator)' on the incident. He recalls meeting Maheu in front of the Century Plaza on July 29, 1968. As Humphrey describes the encounter, he was surrounded by staff members, Secret Service agents and well wishers. Maheu "wanted to wish me well and to be of help," testified Humphrey. "My reply, in substance, was that I thanked him for his offer of support in my bid for the presidency...." But Humphrey swore he had absolutely no recollection of receiving an attache case stuffed with cash from Maheu. "No attache case was delivered to me and, to the best of my knowledge, no attache case was delivered to the autombile in which I was traveling...," he asserted. His recollection has been confirmed by two aides, William Cornell and David • Gartner, whom Maheu had mentioned as possible corroborating witnesses. Both have testified that they also have no recollection of the delivery of the mysterious briefcase. Humphrey told us in 1971 that he had heard Maheu had contributed to his campaign but had no personal knowledge of it. In his interrogatory, Humphrey again acknowledges this possibility. We have now reached Hughes' former environmental aide, John Meier, who was the intermediary between Hughes and Humphrey. Meier kept extensive diaries of his years with Hughes. The diaries show that on May 9. 1968, Meier arranged for Maheu to meet Humphrey in Denver where the then Vice President was speaking. The two Hughes aides solicited Humphrey's help to stop nuclear testing in Nevada. Then Maheu brought up the question of a campaign contribution. Recalls Meirer: "Humphrey said he did not want to talk about money and said we would have to talk to Duane Andreas." Andreas was Humphrey's campaign treasurer. Meier's diary shows he saw Humphrey again on June 18 in the Vice President's office in the many-chimneyed, gingerbread White House annex. On instructions from Maheu, Meier again brought up the subject of a Hughes contribution. "Look, John," he said Humphrey told him, "Hughes and the Hughes organization make me nervous. Talk to Andreas." Meier met with Andreas in New York City's Waldorf- Astoria on Oct. 16. Andreas gave him a list of campaign organizations that could receive funds and said this was the only way a Hughes donation could be accepted. On Oct. 25, Meier went aboard Humphrey's campaign plane at the l-as Vegas airport to talk to the Vice President. "I told him I had talked to Andreas," Meier recounted. "Humphrey said, 'great.' " On Nov. 6, the day after the election, while the nation still awaited some final votes from the West, Meier said he received a telephone call from Humphrey's son, Bob, who was employed briefly by a Hughes company. Humphrey himself came on the line, Meier said. In response to a question from Meier, Humphrey said he had never received a contribution from Hughes. Footnote: My Associate George Clifford visited Meier in the headquarters of Hughes' Nevada operations shortly before the 1968 election. At that time, Meier told him he had been trying without success to get Hughes to contribute to Humphrey. Both Meier and Maheu are now involved in extensive litigation with Hughes. BANKERS BILKED: Only rarely are the world's bankers taken in by confidence men, but an ingenious engineer laid off by the federal government has wangled $34 apiece out of some 400 distinguished financiers. To support his family, Robert McLarren same up with the idea of an "International Banker Assocation." He combed lists of world bankers and sent them invitations to become fellows of the "IBA." The handsome invitations solemnly advise that a membership council (actually made up only of McLarren) has elected them "to membership in the grade of a Fellow in the Internationa] Banker Association." This entitles them, they are solemnly informed, "to carry the designation 'F.I.B.A.' after your name henceforth." Some 400 bankers have accepted, with the largest number coming from the Philippines. Swiss bankers, known as "the gnomes of Zurich" for their secretive ways, were the most susp?cious. To ward off the postal authorities, McLarren sends each "Fellow" a distinguished-looking certificate and a newsletter—along with the secret thanks of the McLarren family.
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