Austin American-Statesman from Austin, Texas on February 7, 1940 · 1
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Austin American-Statesman from Austin, Texas · 1

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Wednesday, February 7, 1940
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Tht Friendly Citft Hewtptpt TOWN TALK nn Home Edition Cloudy and Slightly Cooler VOL. 67 NO. 338 AUSTIN, TEXAS, WF' Y, FEBRUARY 7, 1940 12 PAGES PRICE 5 GENTS AttS o The Shivers f IF, IN the course of human events, someone stumbles across 3 bluish-greenish top coat, closely woven, this department can be relieved of the shivers very neatly. It got away from me last Tuesday and for the life of me I can't remember where it was last laid to Djest. i Identifying mark is a key ring in one of the pockets, with a couple of keys on the ring and the rabbit foot. Have always heard a rabbit foot was lucky. Don't let me down this time. Early Riser C HARRY CROCKETT, the filling station man, has a habit of waking up in the middle of the night. He gets right up out of bed. goes in and shaves, or takes a walk around the block. Pretends it's the beginning of a new day then goes back to bed. pretends it is night again and drops off to sleep. Here recently he and Al Robinson were going to Houston planned on leaving early the next morning. About 3 o'clock the telephone rang. "Just wanted to remind you to wake me up at 5 o'clock." Robinson said. "But why are you calling me at Jr, o'clock to tell me that?" growled Crockett. "Oh. I knew you would be up," said Alfred R., slipping the receiver into place. Home in Making rfT THE Irby Cobbs are speculating these days. Speculating on whether or not to build a new home on a very pretty lot they have in Enfield. One of these days the citizens of Austin are going to draft Abe Bull for some poltical office. He won't run or even consider running. But one of these days he is going to be the victim of a "write-in campaign" that will find him drafted. He is so fair and honest that even those who dislike honesty and fairness admire him. Red-Hot Idea THE Sigma Delta Chi boys out at the University of Texas are working on a red hot plan for a gridiron dinner here, perhaps in April. With a little push and cooperation it can be made the greatest show on earth. The gridiron Idea is to put everyone on the griddle, and let them see themselves as others see them. It's a healthy idea and plan. It helps everyone keep their feet on the ground. High Assessments CA LETTER from R. P. Burks of Travis boulevard who wants to know why it is that so much bragging is being done about a ''pitiful measly 1-2 ct per KW hour reduction in our lights" when the customers who own homes are tapped constantly for higher assessments on residences. Mr. Burks thinks that there would be more general happiness if the board of equalization treated everyone alike on home assessments. That, I do not know that is, whether all are treated alike. But I would hate to be on the board of equalization. They have a real tough job if they try to be fair. C. E. G. FBI to Teach Officers Here School Scheduled i In Near Future With agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation as instructors. Austin police and other Central Texas peace officers soon will learn the latest in crime prevention and detection methods. City Mgr. Guiton Morgan announced Wednesday a 10-day police school, sponsored by the FBI will be held here after this month. Police Chief Raymond D. Thorp said Feb. 19 had been tentatively set as the date for the school's beginning, the arrangements subject to approval by FBI officials in Washington. Morgan said he expected four or five agent-instructors from the federal bureau will come here to conduct the school. "We will try to schedule the Austin police force so that all of its members will have an opportunity to receive the special instruction," the city manager said. "Classes will probably be held between 2 and 4 p. m. and 7 and 9 p. m. daily." In addition to the Austin police lepartment members, peace officers in other cities and towns in the Central Texas area will be given invitations to attend the FBI school. Chief Thorp said he would send the letters of invitation to the peace officers in other cities and towns as soon as final approval of the school here is given by Washington officials. Similar schools have been held in Wrichita Falls and other cities, Morgan explained. "City Mgr. Bryan Miller of Wichita Falls informs me the police school held there recently was highly successful," Morgan said. Rayburn Elected Speaker Pro Tern. WASHINGTON. Feb. 7. (UP) The house Wednesday elected majority leader Sam Rayburn, D.. Tex., speaker pro tempore during the absence of Speaker William B. Bankhead, who is ill with influenza. Bankhead is confined to his bed but the house physician said he Ovould be able to return to his of--ice in a few days. ET3 South Side To Care for Civic Club Opens Move Urgency Described By Two Pastors The South Austin Civic club Wednesday marshaled the cooperative forces of its community to handle needy cases that fall "outside the bounds of red tape." The club Tuesday night heard two pastors the Rev. O. C. Crow of Grace Methodist church and Father Pat Duffy of the Church of St. Ignatius, Martyr describe the urgency for the south side to care for its own. Red Tape Cruel' With appointment of a welfare committee, the civic club will first take stock of what has to be done, then set about doing it. Pres. W. I. Kocurek said. Pastors of South Austin churches will serve on the welfare group, since it is to their attention that need is generally first called. "There are emergency cases that exist in this community, and for them red tape is cruel," Mr. Crow declared. "This is nothing more than a cooperative movement to meet need, and it is not intended as criticism of the regular relief agencies. Or, if it is criticism, it is constructive criticism. We simply feel that some caes can't get help unless they fall into a card catalogue." Both he and Father Duffy had cases to cite. One of them, related by Mr. Crow, concerned a widow with three school children she has been supporting as best she can on the intermittent revenue of a wash-woman. Two older boys are cutting cedar in the hill country, making barely enough to take care of themselves. Cold and Hungry "On that coldest day in January," Mr. Crow said, "I found her huddled beside a poor little fire that was burning her last stick of wood. She had wisely sent the children to school because they would get a noon meal there, but she had no food in the house. "This woman was actually cold and hungry. She had on a short-sleeved dress and old white shoes like the ladies wear in summer open toes, and what leather they had was pretty well gone. "Well, I took her case up with the Community Chest and they referred me to the relief office. There they said she ought to go back to Hays county where she came from, but the woman told me she had been here more than six months and I have reason to believe her. She has received $6 since Thanksgiving." Sample of Helping The pastor questioned: "Shall we run her out of Austin, cold and hungry and with dependents?" He continued: "I believe that people can do a world of good by cooperating among themselves. Every minister gets lots of calls like these, and most of the time we manage to meet them. Like the case of a couple burned out of a tourist cottage here. The Woman well, she wasn't more than a girl of 15 or 16 was expecting a baby. The fire and the excitement brought the baby sooner than she expected, and the fire had taken the little layette she had for it. There she was in the hospital. "One of the ladies in my church got busy on the telephone with a list of babies baptized in this church since April. Every one of those mothers had something her baby had outgrown, and in an hour we had clothing for the new baby. "That's just a small example, but it shows what I mean. The same thing can be done for other cases when they can't get help anywhere else." Jump Not Fatal But Weather Is McKEESPORT, Pa.. Feb. 7. (AP) Mrs. Mary Pavlovic, 29-year-old mother, broke her back, right leg and right arm in an 80-foot plunge from a bridge than froze to death as she lay helpless on the ice-covered Youghiogheny river. Detectives said she apparently jumped from the bridge seven hours before her body was found Tuesday. New and Entertaining Daily Feature About Words And Correct Pronunciation Will Appear in Statesman Texans, whose speech has been maligned on stage and screen, may take solace in the fact that Frank Colby of Houston is guiding the nation toward a better speech. He does it, entertainingly enough, in a simple daily lesson, the title for which is at once a challenge and an admonition: "Don't Take My Word for It!" Headers estimated by the Bell Syndicate at 3,500,000 have their word for it, and the word is "swell." Colby is the head of an advertising agency; words, and espe Begins Cooperative Effort Own Needy in Emergencies Lumbering Street Cars Go Their Last Mile Today I Traffic on a busy downtown street was halted for near an hour Wednesday afternoon as Austin took a sentimental journey back 70 years into its past. ! At the intersection of Sixth and Congress people jammed the streets and sidewalks as one era of transportation and the coming of another. A half-hour program, keynoted by ; the Longhorn Band's playing of ' "Auld Lang Syne," was given over j to reminiscences of the days in the '70 s and '80's when mule cars fol- j lowing the railway into Austin, providing the first transportation on the capital city's streets. 16 Modern Buses As the wind whipped through the crowd, gathered around an improvised platform on the back of a truck, many of those present were old-timers who had ridden first the mule cars, then the electric trolleys. The occasion was to commemo rate the passing of the trolleys on the old Mam line, replaced Wednesday afternoon by 16 ern buses. after mod-j After the ceremony, the crowd mounted the last street cars to ride the Main line, returning later in the afternoon after a complete round trip to take the same trip on the first buses. Mayor Tom Miller, as master of 'Continued on Page 11, Col. 3.) Brilish Wail For Trouble Over Hangings No Demonstration Marks Execution Of Two Terrorists BIRMINGHAM. England. Feb. 7. ( AP) Two members of the outlawed Irish republican army died on the gallows today in bleak fog-shrouded Winton Green Gaol, and Great Britain waited vigilantly for the reaction of Irish nationalists. As a clock chimed 9. the hour of doom, those in a throng outside the prison bared their heads in the chill mist. There was no sign of a demonstration. Silently the crowd watched when, seven minutes later, a prison official tacked up notices of the execution on a small door in the center of the prison gate. The notices disclosed that the men, James Richards. 29. and Peter Barnes. 32. wen? to death at the same moment. Trouble F.ared The watchers then were permitted to form a line which filed slowly past the gate and its slips of paper. They read the formal statement that "the judgment of death has been executed . . ." Thousands of police reinforcements were held on overtime duty in London and other large cities on the possibility that the execution might signal a new outburst of terrorism if not civil conflict in Ireland. Extra guards had patrolled the prison grounds and Birmingham police the nearby streets to block anv attempt at delivery of the condemned men. Theirs was the first civil trial and execution of Irish republican extremists since 1867. Theirs also were the first death sentences handed down since the I. R. A. outlawed in Great Britain and Ireland began its violent campaign a little more than a year ago for the avowed purpose of "driving the British out of Ireland." Appeals Ignored The I. R. A. wants a union be-between Ireland (Eire), and Northern Ireland (Ulster), which as a part of the British United Kingdom pays fealty to the British crown. Irish nationalists all share this desire, ,and while many disavow the methods of the I. R. A its members claim the tacit sympathy of many non-member Irishmen. Barnes and Richards went to their (Continued on Page 11. Col. 6 ) cially their pronunciation, were his hobby. He started his feature in The Houston Chronicle and then sold it to some other Texas papers. Edward N. Dolbey, Jr.. dropping into editors' offices to interest them in features, found himself running into this: "Say, I've got a feature right here in my own paper the readers are crazy about! School teachers have their pupils clip it clubwomen follow it, and business men look it up before they make a luncheon speech. It's about words and how to say them." lay r they witnessed the passing of Garner Joins Economy Side jln Tie Vole Vice President Will Oppose f Spending Increase I WASHINGTON. Feb. 7 (AP) j Vice Pres. Garner actively aligned himself Wednesday with the econ omy forces in the senate, some of ! his friends disclosed, by a pledge to oppose any suggested increases in appropriations and to vole ff r decreases whenever possible. Following' his vote to break a senate tie Tuesday and thus cut $115,259 off the amount the house approved for the civil aeronautics authority, Garner was quoted by some senators as having told them: "When it comes to voting 1o reduce appropriations. I am going to vote 'aye' and when it comes to increasing appropriations, I am going to vote 'no.' " First In Long; Time Garner's vote his first since April 17, 1834 revived the' economy drive which had suffered a reverse earlier when the senate overrode an effort by Sen. Overton (D-La) to trim from the SI. 133.693.528 supply bill for independent agencies an item of $710,000 for the national resources planning board. The count on the Overton amendment appeared at first to be 34 to 34 The vice president, permitted to vote only in the event of a tie, told friends afterward that he was preparing to vote "aye" to carry the amendment when Sen. Stewart (D-Tenni walked into the chamber and voted "no" to clinch its defeat. Right On Hand Garner's presence in the presiding officer's seat at the crucial moment also was consdiered noteworthy in senate circles. He often calls on senators to assume the presiding officer's job temporarily during routine procedure, but was said to have told members of the economy bloc that they could count on his being on hand to take over if a close vote appeared in prospect on any spending issue. The senate completed action Tuesday on the first of the appropriation bills, sending to the president, a $57,541,300 deficiency bill w-hich included about $29,000,000 for naval armaments and about the same amount for tax refunds It was $2,783,700 below the president'' Member of Houston Trade Flight Dies j HOUSTON. Feb. 7. (INS) Col. i Max George Werner. 45. prominent in Texas oil circles, died of a heart attack in Mexico City early Wed- j nesday, according to a telephone ; call to the Houston Chamber of : Commerce. ; Col. Werner, a field artillery reserve officer, was one of ll" persons making a good-will airplane ; tour of 11,000 miles to Latin-Amer- i ica. He was stricken Monday night j Pope Sends Special Blessing to U.S. VATICAN CITY. Feb. 7. (INS) - Pope Pius XII Wednesday gave a special benediction to citizens of the United States and warmly praised Pres. Roosevevlt for his peace efforts, according to Aloysius Fitz-patrick, of Philadelphia. Fitzpatrick, after a lengthv private audience with the pontiff, said his holiness seemed completely recovered from recent illness and was in exceedingly good spirits. After a good deal of this. Mr. Dolbey got busy, and Mr. Colby joined the syndicate family. "Don't Take My Word for It!" starts Monday in The Austin Statesman. Mr. Colby traces words in his own library and in the tomes of public libraries and Rice institute. He gets a good deal of background on them in rare books which his agent in New York finds for him. The radio, he believes, has not only made Americans speech-conscious but has stirred them out ol the o norrow's Retrospection! j i .; . x i Senate Unit Voles Larger Loan Capital 100 Million Added To Fund for Finns And Chinese WASHINGTON. Feb. 7. CAP) The senate foreign relations committee approved Wednesday an increase of $100,000,000 in the capital of the export-import bank in ordpr to provide additional loans of $20,-000.000 each for Finland and China. The committee vote was 12 to 6. Majority Leader Barkley (D-Ky.) said the senate would consider the legislation Thursday. Some Repaid Chmn. Pittman (D-Nev.) of the committee said the bill was amended to provide that additional loans of $20,000,000 may be made to any one country. Finland already has obtained a $10,000,000 advance and China has received $25,000,000 of which more than $2,000,000 has been repaid. Pittman declared he thought that "there is a great desire on the part of the administration to make a further loan to China, which would he repaid in tin shipments from that country." Seek 75 Million .Jesse H. Jones, federal loan administrator, told reporters that ne-gotiations for a new loan to China already were underway, and that the Chinese were seeking a total of $75,000,000. He pointed out that any new loan would be limited to $20,000,000 under the legislation approved by the committee Wednesday. ; Slayer of Mexican j Labor Chief Hunted MEXICO CITY. Feb. 7 (AP) Police pressed a widespread search , Wednesday for the slayer of Luis G. Ibanez, director of the Mexican i Workers' armed militia. I Ibanez was shot down Tuesday in i front of the home of Vicente Lom-ibardo Toledano. secretary-general I of the confederation of workers in j Mexico. i Police officials said the shooting followed a fist fight between the I militia chief and Alberto Martin, ja federal district commissioner. Ibanez was shot five times, one I bullet piercing his heart. typical reader's habit of skipping over an uncertain pronunciation with a mental note to "look it up sometime." "To my own surprise," he said, "I get more letters from Boston than any other place. I supposed Bostonians knew all the pronunciations! New York sends me the next greatest volume of mail." Urging, as he does, his readers to look up words for themselves, he has never had to back down on a pronunciation in the two years his (Continued on Page 2, CoL 4.) Violent Red Army Attacks Thrown Back by Finland: Soviets Leave 3.600 Dead Iiy WEBB MILLER HELSINKI, Feb. 7. (UP) An official communique Wednesday said that four violent red army attacks on the Summa sector of the Marmerheim line had been repulsed by the Finns and that the Russians suffered heavy losses. The communique also said that Russian ski battalions were 'Help Finland' Cry Mounts Strong Sentiment Sweeping France PARIS. Feb. 7. (API A popular movement in France to sweep the government into "complete" aid for Finland in her war against Russia assumed steam roller proportions Wednesday. The authoritative newspaper Le Temps devoted both its editorials to aid for Finland, asserting this must be 'effective, complete and total." In London, Too The newspaper said flatly it was r,o longer possible to separate the "Russian-Finnish war from the European war properly speaking." The newspaper's demand for quirk aid to the Finns came on the heels of insistence by Premier Dala-dier's own radical-socialist party that France go to the aid of the little Baltic state In London. R. A Butler, undersecretary for foreign affairs, a.sked in the house of commons if the government would consider sending bombers and crews to Finland, replied that. Britain already was sending planes and that he understood fliers were available m Finland. Aid Quickly The lu, use cheered Maj. Gen. Sir Alfred Knox, conservative, when he asked if every possible step was being take nto send aid quickly to Finland, who, he said, was fighting for the whole of civilization. Butler recalled that Prime Minister Chamberlain said Tuesday that the government realized the urgency of the question. Swindle Indictment On Texans Dropped HOUSTON. Feb. 7. (AP) District Judge Whit Boyd quashed an indictment here Tuesday against Thomas J. Dix and W. B. Dix, Miranda City brothers, who were charged with obtaining $12,362.47 by false pretenses from Dr. D. R. Long of Crosby, Texas. Attorneys for the brothers argued that as a matter of law the brothers and Lang were partners and that under Texas law partners cannot be charged with swindling each other. Gibraltar Sounds Air Raid Signals GIBRALTAR, Feb. 7. (UP) An air raid alarm was sounded at Gibraltar Wednesday when three unidentified aircraft were sighted approaching the British fortress. The all clear signal was sounded within 10 minutes, however. m. a. Dunning YEP, I CAM See, rrsosT AS PLAIN dispersed northeast of Lake Ladoga and that 1.800 Russians had been killed in fighting there. About 300 Russian troops were ; killed in the fighting northeast of j Lake Ladoga, the communique said j in reference to the important sec-: tor where the 18th Russian division recently had been reported I drsiierately trying to break through ! Finnish lines to avoid isolation from j its base. 1.500 Others Slain Another l.SOO are dead in fight mg on the Kuhmo front, north of the lake, according to the communique. Fighting continues in the Kuhmo sector and on the Southeastern Mannerheim line front, where the Finns Tuesday destroyed 20 Russian tanks. The communique covered Tuesday's fighting, but new attacks were launched Wednesday on the Man-fieiheini line by reinforced Russian troops which now have shorter and better communication lines to Len ingrad. Dispatches from the front said the Russians, in what the Finns regarded as the second battle of the Mannerheim line, made vicious attacks in clear, sub-zero cold against for tified Finnish positions. As the battle developed it became clear that the Russians were supported by the largest concentrations of guns and manpower the Soviet commanders have had to date. It was apparent that the red commanders, balked in their efforts to get around the top of Lake Ladoga and flank the Mannerheim line, have staked heavily on an attempt to break through it. Two Rail Lines The stronger Russian troops have two railroad lines to Leningrad behind them. They also have several good roads for their supply trains. Thus they are able to concentrate larger forces and supplies on the isthmus and to believe their troops when they are exhausted at a faster rate than at any other point on the whole front. Because of the better communications! was believed the Russians had decided to attack precisely where the Finns are in the strongest (Continued on Pate 2. Col. 7.) WAR AT A GLANCE Wednesday, Feb. 7, 1940 By Associated Press BIRMINGHAM, England Two Irishmen executed as thousands of police guard against terrorism; Ireland appeals fruitlessly to Chamberlain for clemency. NANCY, France Alsatian autonomist executed as spy for Germany. BERLIN Authorized Germans disclaim existence of military agreement with Soviet Russia, HELSINKI Finns report continued success against red army; fear machine gunners may descend by parachute behind Finnish lines. THE HAGUE League of Naiions conw ultsc attempts coordinate leagues non-political activities. - Plnp J Tlnnr Too Grave Al Present Minister Declines To Reveal Plans; Premier Warns Against Pressure TOKIO, Feb. 7. (UPWSugges-tions that all Americans withdraw from China are of such grave importance that a definite decision regarding them can not be reached immediately, Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita said In parliament Wednesday. Arita was asked whether it wa the intention of the government to advise the United States that all American residents should withdraw from China. 'Cannot Rrply "That is a grave question," Arita answered. "I cannot reply at present." Premier Admiral Mitsumasa Yo-nai also discussed United States requests for guarantees of the security of American nationals in China. Yonai said that he had no desire to interpret the American request for a security guarantee for American nationals in China "with ill feeling" but he said that Japan would have to reconsider the status of Americans in China if the United States continued pressure against Japanese activities in China. Tado Matsumoto, questioning Arita in the lower house, said that a speech which American Ambassador Joseph Clark grew delivered before the recent expiration of the Japanese trade treaty insulted Japan be cause it implied that the United States was conversant, but Japan was not conversant, with the situation in China. Russia Doubted (In the speech Grew said frankly, at a luncheon at which many important Japanese were guests, that the United States did not like the course Japan was pursuing in China.) Arita replied that he was not able to make public all the 600 incidents in China of which Grew had complained as having been against American interests. Regarding Russian relations Arita, asked if Russia showed sincerity in negotiations with Japan, said: "There are degrees of sincerity." He disclosed that he was "emphasizing" to Russia the importance of ceasing assistance to China. Arita told another questioner that it would be difficult to declare a war against the Chinese government and at the same time recognize the regime which Japan proposes to set up in occupied territory. Earlier Admiral Yonai had said that Japan was willing to accept Chinese government leaders, even Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, into this regime. Change of Stand His statement was based on the possibility that the government might disintegrate due to undermining by the proposed "Central China government" which is to function in Japanese-occupied territory under Wang Ching-Wei, dissident Chinese leader. Members of the Chinese government would be accepted as individuals. Yonai said. Previously the position of the Ja panese government had been, presumably, that it would not deal with the Chinese government and particularly with Generalissimo Chiang even in an individual capacity. Admiral Yonai made his statement in answer to questions by members. He said also that the foreign concessions in China should be conducted "in accordance with the spirit" of Japan's "new order in East Asia" and that if foreign powers "willfully obstruct Japanese progress in China, the Japanese government will take a determined attitude " Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita, also in answer to questions, said Japan was trying to placate tha United States regarding China and was willing to change its attitude in cases where it was convinced the United States position was justified. Asked about the seizure by Great Britain of 21 seamen from the Japanese liner Asama Maru, Arita said that Japan would accept Britain's offer to surrender nine of the Germans but that it would not regard the case as settled until all were returned.

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