Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on July 30, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Friday, July 30, 1965
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FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1963. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Tht Doily Globt is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regqrdless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Optimism in Steel Guarded optimism for a stool labor contract settlement without a strike is still heard in the steel industry, but the negotiations between management and union leaders have been sufficiently unpromising to encourage strike-hedge orders from steel viscrs. Talks on a company by company basis have been under way in Pittsburgh since July 12. The new union president, former Sccretarv- Treasurer I. W. Abel, understandably wants to make his first contract 'lie best obtainable. Abel had campaigned on a pledge to "return the union to the membership.' Steel inaga/.ine reports that Abel consults constantly his fellow officers and district directors reporting frequently to the 350 local leaders who are in 1'ittsbnrgh to work out companv issues. Even so, some local officers arc disgruntled bv Abels "no news" policy. One local president says: "At least before we could read about what was going on in the papers.'' Steel industry settlements in the past five years have been modest. Nevertheless, steel workers are still among the best paid in American industry, with average earnings of about *'3.34 an hour. With high production in the industry, employment has mounted. As of June 1, the industry employment total was 596,000, as against 550,000 a year earlier. Abel still wants higher wages, belter pensions—with provisions for earlv retirement— and improved sickness, accident, and hospitalization benefits, in that order. Union members have demonstrated that they are less interested in any spectacular pay boost than in employment security. But the USW attitude from the beginning has been that the agreement last spring by which extension of the strike deadline was facilitated—a wage boost of l].5c an hour—"sets the floor for future bargaining." Management is concerned with protecting *hc fat profits the industry rolled up in the record production of (he first six months of 1965. Company officials are if anything more worried than union lea.lers bv foreign competition. Imports from countries where employment is more important than profits, American Metal Market predicts, will send the vcar's total well above the all-time record of fi.7 million tons in 1964. Japan supplies about 45 per cent of the foreign tonnage. Belgium nnd Luxembourg come next. Announcement of a strike deadline of Sept. 1, as permitted under the interim contract agreement, would probably bring another surge of hedge buying into the market. Consumption would ordinarily continue high but without the strike threat new orders would be even lower than they are. No one, least of all the public, wants a strike. The loss of a long strike, like the. 1959 walkout in steel, is never actually recouped. Workers may gain in wages and benefits, but they will never get back lost wages. Management may raise prices and thus pass part of the cost on to the consumer, but it will never get back the lost production. User industries have only a partial remedy in raising prices in turn. And of course tho public is the real loser. That's the run-down on why industry sources say with guarded optimism. "Look for a settlement shortly before the strike deadline —under strong pressure from Washington." The Ideal Job for Everyone? Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz says we have no reason to feel comfortable about an unemployment rate of 4.6 per cent, nor should we even if it drops down to 4 per cent. There is only one answer as far as employment is concerned, he savs, and that is that cvcrv person in this country who is capable of doing a job is entitled to an opportunity to do that'job. To illustrate what he means, he reports a conversation he had with an airlines stewardess. She took the job, she said, only because she couldn't find work as an actress. According to our statistics, she is employed. But is she really, asks Wirtz? Are we correct in counting a person employed when that person happens to be filling one of the jobs which is available but is not doing what he or she is capable of doing? Well, now, Mr. Wirtz undoubtedly has a valid point, but the ideal which he erects feems to be something that not even the Great Society can realize. In the first place, what a person thinks he would like to do is not necessarily the best nor the onlv thing he is capable of doing. Our ideas change, too, as we mature. If even' young man followed his childhood dreams, we would have nothing but firemen and airplane pilots. Sometimes meeting with disillusionment or a dead end in one occupation opens up much richer possibilities in another—both for the individual and for society. If Abraham Lincoln had found success as a .store manager, would he have ventured into the even riskier business of politics? This is not lo imply that Lincoln should have turned down a small business loan from the government, had such been available at the time. It is certainly not to say that anvone should be denied the opportunity, because of financial reasons, to obtain the education necessary to prepare him for the career of his choice. It is simply that none of us has the wisdom to make all the right choices at all the right times—not for ourselves, much less for anv- bocly else. There are desires, ambitions and aptitude tests. There is also luck, pluck and happenstance. Manv of us—perhaps most—are not working at- the job we would really like to have. Happily, however, somewhere along the way the realization comes to most of us that we have been doing the things we are best suited for, after all. Not all would-be actresses make the grade, but some do. Those who become airline stewardesses should remember that the pursuit of happiness is just that—a pursuit, not a guarantee. As Atomic Power Comes of Age (Copyright 1168, King feature* Syndicate, Inc.) By lohn Chamberlain Peekskill, N.Y,—At Indian Point, just belosv here, the Hudson-River is its usual lordly sight. But the hand of man has contrived to add a human dimension to that of nature. At the turn in the river is the ''mothball fleet," scores of gray-painted cargo ships that are tied up waiting for an emergency call that would require the U.S. to send men and arms across the seas again. And facing the mothball fleet there is the Consolidated Edison Company's Indian Point nuclear power station, which feeds electricity generated by atomic energy into the pool of power that lights the homes of metropolitan millions. Before making a trip to Peekskill your columnist had been listening to testimony presented in Washington, D.C., which took a dim view of the subsidy accorded by the Price-Anderson Act to the builders of atomic power plants. '"Price-Anderson" must be renewed next year if the power companies are to continue getting a guarantee of $500 million worth of government liability insurance over and above the S60 million which private insurance companies are willing to write on an atomic power station. The idea behind the guarantee is that a possible holocaust resulting from "a nuclear incident"—i.e., an accident—in an atomic reactor cannot be brought within the purview of the private insurance companies' actuarial tables. It is this presumption that has caused President Tony Boyle of the United Mine Workers to make this statement: "We are not saying here that these plants are unsafe. We arc suggesting, however, that no one knows exactly how safe they are." Visiting at Indian Point, I expected to listen to a passionate defense of the need for an extension of the Price-Anderson Act. But the attitude of the Consolidated Edison people was entirely disdainful of the idea that atomic energy needs any subsidization, whether of insurance or of the price of uranium. Said one of them: "We wouldn't have built the plant in the first place if we hadn't been convinced that it was safe." And said another: "We look forward to the day when uranium can be i owned bv jjrivate individuals and sold in the market-place. There's plenty of it around, and in a free market the price would come down." Naturally, no layman is in a position to pontificate on the safety of atomic power plants. But the assurance of }oe Prestele, the superintendent of Indian Point, is calming. The license from the Atomic Energy Commission under which any atomic plant operates sets restrictions of entering the concrete-and-steel container of a reactor when it is "critical," But the Con-Ed people persuaded the AEC that the level of radioactivity inside the Indian Point container was safe enough even when the reactor was functioning to permit engineers to go inside and make a survey of things. "You shouldn't bottle up a container and just walk away from it," says Joe Prestele. "If you do, a minor leak might become major." Seeing that this might sound ominous, Mr. Pre- stele went on to say that it would be extremely hard to provoke a disaster in an atomic power reactor even if you wanted to. It seems that when a reactor becomes too hot, it tends automatically to shut off. You go into the "close up" part of Indian Point, where the reactor is housed in concrete walls that are more than five feet thick, and you see little beyond a bewilderment of dials. You are elad in a white tunic, and 1 you carry in your pocket a radioactivity gauge which registers at zero when you enter, When you come out you run a geiger counter over your hair, your clothing, and the soles of your shoes. The geiger counter is reassuringly silent, and llie radioactivity gauge in your pocket still registers zero. Ths economic justification for atomic power is that the "burning" of uranium costs twenty- two centj a million BTUs. By comparison coal costs twenty-nine cents per million BTUs, oil thirty-three cents, and gas forty-one cents. The Con-Kd people think that uranium will be under the twenty-cent mark in a few years, But if atomic power plants are safe, and if they need no subsidized help, why should the Atomic Energy Commission be lobbying for an extension of the Price-Anderson Act alter next year? Lei the free market take uvur. "If You Look Real Close You'll Find It's Not All Black! 1 Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — America is about to give the world an example of conformity by coercion—how intolerant majorities in congress and in labor unions ride roughshod over dissenting minorities of wage earners and compei them to surrender their "freedom of belief" and "freedom ot association." The House of Representatives and tne Senate arc engag c d now m the process of passing a law caking away from the 50 states ot the union their constitutional right to protect minorities ,n their employment opportunity. For, under this measure- unless a person agrees to join a labor union which has a majority status in a plant, lie can be dismissed from hi.s job after 30 days. Nineteen states of the union have forbidden this form of compulsion. But, even in this age of demonstrations for so- called "civil rights," a basic human ireedom of the individual—the right to a job with o u t being forced to sacrifice his beliefs—is about to be taken away. o a a The general public isn't informed on the issue. If it were, the voters would be protesting now to congress, and every single representative or senator who has supported such a discriminatory measure would be markea for defeat in the next election. The argument usually advanced if. that the employer and the labor union would merely be entering into a "volunt a r y" agreement for a "union shop" and that the law doesn't actually require either the union or the employer to make such an agreement. This is a superficial rationalization. For everybo ct y knows that, when a labor union demands a contract stipulati n g that i worker must be fired unless he joins the union, the employer has a choice between an expensive strike, with t h e possibility of being forced out of business, and surrende ring to the demands of the labor union. In 99 per cent of the cases the employer recognizes the facts of modern "democracy" and yields to coercion. 6 t! tt But what of the Individ u a 1? Where can he get protection? The courts offer him no help as yet because the agreement is supposedly "voluntary" ev e n though, in fact, it obvious 1 y isn't. There are some groups in America which insist that to join a union is contrary to their re'igious beliefs. Yet the proposed legislation ignores this contention, and efforts made to amend the bill to safeguard "freedom of belief" have been successful. In the Soviet Union employment opportunities are to a certain extent controlled by the Community party. In America, a political organization m a i n- tained by the labor unions has contributed financial support to the campaigns of enough members ot congress to compel a majoricy to vote as the labor unions rotate lo them. Observers in other countries, who are often told that the American system permits "freedom of belief and "freedom of association," will soon be in a position to ask some embarrassing questions when the new law, which plainly authorizes compulsory unionization, is enacted, fr f> 6 The language of the bill is sweeping It provides: "The* nothing in this act. or in any other statute of the Unitea States or in any constitution or law of any state or political subdivision thereof, shall preclude an employer from making an agreement with a la| bor organization ... to require j as a condition of employment membership therein. . . if such ! labor organization is the repre- ; sentative of the employees. . ." : But the Supreme Court of the j United States in 1937, in uphold; ing the right of a majority of the j employees to designate a union 1 to bargain collectively for them, I said specifically that the right of the minority as individuals were not to be disregarded. C o n- gress is about to brush aside this interp-etation of the Constitution by the highest court. Passage of the new law will mark the loss of minority rights and the emergence of the intolerance of majority rule. All this is happening even though the right to work and to keep a job has always been recognized as an individual relationship between employer and employee. it ft O This was supposedly protected from the earliest days of t h e republic The Declaration of Independence sets forth that "all men are created equal" and that among the "unalienable rights" with which they are endowed are "life liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The Constitution forbids "involuntary servitude." To be compelled to join any organization—social or religious or political or economic—as the price or a job in free America is certainly a form of involuntary servitude. (Copyright, 1965, New York- Herald Tribune, Inc.) The National Whirligig (H«l«>l<4 by MoClur* N»wip»p«r •yndlota) By ANDREW TULLT WASHINGTON — Summertime, which used to be a delight for girl watchers, may as well get lost. All of a sudden, it seems, the landscape is cluttered with females attired in flour sacks. These are known by vari o u s names, including the Hawaii a n muu-muu—as In cow —the shift, and tne A-line, but they a 11 have the same dastardly effect which is the abolition of the bosom and assorted other physical features that distinguish the female from the male. These rags, which shouldn't happen to a maiden aunt, have no waist line. They droop down toward the hips so a man can't tell whore anything begins or ends. They are cut straight up and down, creating a drea r y plane in an area Nature intended to be bewitchingly convex. Dress a broad in one of these creations and her chances of nabbing a man are approximately those of Hubert Humphrey being named Conservative of the Year. * A * NEXT, THE FLAPPER? I do not know what object dames have in mind—other than eternal spinsterhood— in thus donning such apparel, but the effect itKPly will be to turn the pages back to that dark period of history known as the flapper era. I was somewhat more interested in escaping batht u b s than in ogling dolls in that era, but even an innocent bystander recoils with horror at the memory of what a w o m a n looked like in those days. She looked like a board. There was considerable drinking and helling around in those days and the head shrinkers decided it was the emotional aftermath of World War I. Balo- ney. Guys drank themse 1 v e s blind on canned heat so they wouldn't have to look at the women. •ft 6 ft THE LOOKING GLASS SCARE--As for the females, you couldn't blame them for misbehaving, either. In the privacy and honesty of her boudoir the average dame must have had some pretty bad scares whenever she risked a peek into the mirror. No wonder she ladled up another dollop of gin from the nearest bathtub. In the years since, the dressmakers have'mostly gone sensible again and have dressed our women in more-or-less fern a 1 e- type clothes. Christian Dior messed things up for a while with his New Look, which had skirts making a mystery of female legs, but that, too, passed. * A * WORSE THAN SLACKS —But now we've got those preposterous topas in a resumption of th» campaign to make women look as uninteresting as men. They are worse than slacks because whereas britches often tell too much about their wearer they can never be accused of being secretive. I am not a fan of slacks, because I do not like to walk down the street with somebody who might be mistaken for a Beatle, but on girls they are preferable to some old bathrobe. The trouble Is, males are too easy-going. They let their dames wear anything so long as they are permitted to watch a couple of innings of baseball on TV or slip into Nick's for an occasional nip against the vapors. We should irise and pass a law requiring females to wear female- type clothing at all times, on penalty of preceding them through doors and making them pick up the dinner check. Business Mirror The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. — (NBA) —The governors' undiminished interest in some sort of "no strings" sharing of federal tax revenues is appare n 11 y striking fresh sparks in the Johnson administration. A Washington source involved in federal-state relations says jthe sharing plan is again a very lively topic in the White House. An earlier "launch attempt" seven or eight months ago never got off the ground, though President Johnson's interest in the idea was real enough for a time. At the governors' conference here, the tax-sharing plan is a j key topic with the many gover- ' nors whose states are under continuous and mounting pressure to turn up vast new revenues to keep pace with rising costs of education, welfare, hospitals, community facilities. How harsh that burden is becoming can be judged from a new tabulation this reporter has obtained from the advisory commission on intergovernmental relations. It details the major tax rate increases voted by the 50 states in the past 18 months. ft <r •& In this span, eight states, increased personal income tax rates and one, Nebraska, voted such a tax for the first time, though an effort is being made there to force a popular vote on the question in Novemb e r, 1966. Idaho alone reduced personal income levies. Eight states raised their corporate income taxes. All but one of these also boosted personal taxes. Here again Idaho was 1 the lone tax-cutter. Eleven states hiked their general sales tax rates in the 18 months, and two—Idaho an d New York—instituted such lev- Ir on wood Doily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921 • Fronwood Times acquired May 23. 1948.1 Second class postage paid at Iron. wood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press li entitled exclusively lo tlie qse for repubicatlon of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well «* «1J AP newt dispatches. By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP)—President Johnson may have alleviated! some of the fears of a recession; in 1966 by his decision for a' moderate stepup in the war in! Viet Nam. j Businessmen are noting that: Theire will be more government spending—meaning more orders for many lines of industry and thus in due course for the economy in general; for the time being at least, there's no threat of government controls over Member oj American Newspaper Publishers Association. Interamerlcan Press Association. Inland Daily Presi Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau ol Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within 1 radius of (JO miles—per year, $9; six months, S3; three months, $3; one month, $] 50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier, service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year, SIS; one month. $1.50. All mail subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, S20.BO per year in advance; by the week, (0 cents. ies for the first time. No state reduced its sales tax. j Interestingly, three states -— Hawaii, Kansas and North Dakota raised sales tax rates and| both personal and corporate in-! come levies. In North Dakota, alii three changes are subject to a referendum vote. Twenty-five states (20 of them, in the first six months of 1965) i increased their cigarette taxes. I Two others, Oregon and Colora-j do, slapped these taxes on for I the first time. i Taxes on gasoline were raised I in nine states, and a simi 1 a r number boosted taxes on alcoholic beverages. Though cigarette taxes represent hardly 1-24 of all state tax revenues, they have nearly tripled since 1955. The great flurry of increases in this field indicates they are a small but important increment to state revenues. •ct it a Notwithstanding the heavy tax activity since January, 1964, there are still nine states, including populous Massachusetts, without a general sales tax, and 14 states without a broad-based individual income tax. These include such populous, prob 1 e in- ridden states as Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Connecticut. Two states, New Hampshire and New Jersey, have struggled along for years without either a sales tax or an income levy. Since "tax morality"—defeat at the polls for governors who have espoused major tax increases— is a deepening fear with these governors, their interest in getting a slice of federal revenues is understandable. It is a relatively painless way of getting badly needed money without commensurate risk at the polls. Nevertheless, opposition could easily develop in Washington to the idea of funneling federal tax revenues back to states which have not gone the limit at the state level by imposing both a sales and an income tax. Half of the 50 states are in this category, and they include many of the biggest. However this may be, there is no mistaking the governors' inclination, nor the fact that they are getting new response frorji inside the White House. A Daily Thought O God, be not far from me; O my God, makes haste to help me!—Psalms 71:12. Do not pray for an easy life Pray to be stronger.— Phillips Brooks, 19th century Americ a n clergyman. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 8p, low 65 . . . . Members of the Bess e m e r Townsnip "A" Band will leave by Township School bus for Ontonagon Wednesday to participate in the giant parade of firemen to be held there at 7 p.m. They are under the direction of M. p. Lamoreux . . . The Silver Anniversary celebration of the A. D. Johnston Reserve Officer Training Corps, was made complete by the receipt yesterday of a notice from the U. S. Fifth Army Headquarters, that the Corps has been rated a "High School Honor ROTC Unit fo r the Academic Year 1955." 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures- High 78, low 60. . . . There has been a slight decrease in the enrollment of students in Iron county schools, as shown in the recent census taken by P. J, Santinl, county superintendent of schools. In 1944, the enrollment included 2,504 students, while the 1945 cens u s shows 2,464, a decrease of 40 children . . .Sixteen tons of waste paper were collected i n Ironwood yesterday during the present waste paper drive being conducted by the Church of Transfiguration. Timely Quotes The same advancing science that is extending people's productive lives is contributing to putting lower age limits on employment. —Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz, telling Congress that a national law is needed to deal with the problems of denial of employment to older persons. Something noble and brave is going on out there and I am glad to have this chance to help. —Henry Cabot Lodge, on his reappointment as Ambassador to South Viet Nam. wages and prices, nor of higher taxes, especially the dreaded excess profits tax; and the government seems determined to continue its drive to keep the civilian economy growing. Fears of a possible recession or high-level stall next year have been based on signs of a slowing business boom seemingly in need of fresh stimulation. 6 H d Expansion of the Viet Nam war effort in increasing doses, if the war drags on, as many think likely, can offer such impetus. As a pep pi!! the military spending's effectiveness would be heightened because, as presently outlined, it would put very little strain on the economy. The moderate though continuing rise in spending—one or two billion more— also seems as of now to put only a relatively small chill on prospects for later tax cuts. This Is because a growing economy, however stimulated, can furnish more Treasury revenues—enough to take care of the Pentagon's new needs, nourish a start toward the "Great Society," and atlll leave room for tax cuts as an added stimulus, when and If needed. The increased war effort as outlined by President Johnson Wednesday has these prospects for business: Many firms will get orders for defense goods—hardware, or textiles, or food. The Increase In the armed forces will mean larger personnel payrolls and more activity around training centers in this country. •to -ft it The doubling of the draft call will largely affect youths in the late teens and early 20s. It is this group which is expanding the fastest in number—and which has the highest percentage unable to find jobs. The decision not to call up reserves at this time will reassure many companies who had wondered if they'd be losing temporarily some highly skilled men, often engaged in work lines where labor shortages exist. But for the vast majority of American companies—t hose who produce goods and services in demand by civilians—the biggest relief today may be that no emergency has been declared. This means that those who get increased government orders can be helped without an accompanying crippling of other firms. Emergency controls always carry the threat of hobbling civilian industry, either in manpower or access to materials. TV SERVICE Day or Night MATTSON'S TV SALES & SERVICE SEE NEW ZENITH 25" RfCTANGUUR COLOR TV McLeod Ave.,

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