Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 21, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 21, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL, NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LIV Associated Press and United Press Full Letse Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 21, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One No. 244 8th Top Communist Surrenders Himself Hershey Sets Draft Start About Oct. 1 Says Method of Selection Yet to Be Decided COMMUNIST PARTY LEADERS RELEASED AFTER ARRAIGNMENT —Six men, described by federal authorities as members of the communist party national board, leave federal court in New York Tuesday night following. their arraignment on charges of advocating overthrow of "the U. S. government. Released in custody of counsel, left AF Wirephoto to right, are: William Z. Foster, head of the communist party of America; Jacob Stachel, educational secretary; Henry Winston, organizational secretary; New York City Councilman Benjamin Davis; Eugene Dennis, general secretary, and John B. Williamson, trade union secretary. To Probe Hike in Steel Price May Bring Pressure for More Controls Washington, (U.R) — Chairman , Jesse P. Wolcott said Wednesday his house banking committee will inquire into the, reasons for the new steel price increase. The ^Michigan republican said the $186,800,000 a year boost in prices by U. S. Steel came at an "unfortunate" time. An average increase of $9.34: a ton in steel prices was announced Tuesday by U. S. Steel which traditionally sets the price pattern for the entire industry. Wolcott said in a telephone in- from Chicago that his committee will want "to get all the facts" about the steel price boost before acting on any legislation designed to control inflation. When congress meets in extra session Monday, President Truman plans to renew his request for broad price control and rationing authority. White house sources reported that Mr. Truman will ask for - immediate price controls on and some other basic foods. Congress thus far has balked at fall administration efforts to write into law a stiff new program to combat high prices. Pressure on congress will be greater than ever at the new session, however, and the steel price increase may be a factor in determining the type of legislation that is finally approved. Madame Goerrng Set Free After 1 8 Months in Allied Prison Camp Garmisch-Partenkirclien, Germany, (fP) — Emmy Goering, widow of Hitler Germany's No. 2 nazi, was convicted Wednesdavof being a nazi, but was set rriediately. She got a sentence of one year in a labor camp from a Garmisch ^denazification court but was freed since she already has spent 18 months in camp awaiting trial. The oldest medical weekly in America is the New England Journal of Medicine, established in 1828. West Abandons Forceful Means to Break Blockade Berlin, (fP) —The western powers appeared Wednesday night to have abandoned forceful measures for breaking the soviet blockade of Berlin in favor of new diplomatic moves. In Washington i Secretary of State Marshall told newsmen the United States will do everything possible in the Berlin crisis to reach an acceptable solution "and ;o avoid the tragedy of war for ;he world." American officials were ready- ng new diplomatic moves in a determined effort to settle the crisis short of war. President Truman awaited a first hand report from en. Lucius D. Clay, the American military governor who is en- route to Washington by plane. New Note In London a responsible British source said a new western power note protesting the soviet blockade had been drafted and sent to Washington for review by top U. S. state department officials. Talk virtually ceased of bringing the month-old crisis to a dramatic climax by sending armed columns through the sealed approaches to Berlin. Reports that Americans were considering this action were current over the weekend. Most Regretful Wednesday a British military government official said it was "most regretful" that such a move had ever been mentioned. He said in any case it would have been a "ludicrous and fantastic" attempt. The official, who declined to be quoted by name, said that to be able to send an armored train from Helmstedt to Berlin "you first would need complete control of every signal cabin along the line." Truman to Present Program to Congressmen in Person SAME DATE—1947—261 (White flag means no traffic death to past 24 hours) Wife Can Take Only 1 Beating for Each Year Pittsburgh, (U.P.)—Mrs. Elizabeth A. Rausch told Judge Samuel A. Weiss Tuesday that she endured an annual Christmas beating from her husband, Joseph, for 8 years but decided to sue for a divorce when he started beating her on other holidays. Judge Weiss granted the divorce. 5 Brussels Nations Fail in Step Toward Western Union Traffic Toll Down by Half Iowa Has 6th Best Record in Nation D e s M o i 11 e s, (/P)—Iowa has slashed its traffic fatality rate almost in half in the last 2 years, the state safety department reported Wednesday. Only 5 states have a better safety record than Iowa for the 1st 5 months of this year. Al Kahl, safety department commissioner, said in a report covering traffic fatalities in the 1st half of 1948 that Iowa's fatality rate per 100,000,000 miles traveled was reduced from 7.4 for the same period in 1946 to 4.1 for the 1st 5 months of this year. Average 7.1 The national average for the 1948 period was 7.1. There were 202 fatalities in Iowa in the 1st half of this year, compared with 225 for the same period last year. This reduction was accomplished despite an increas^ of 78,730 in the number of motor vehicles registered in Iowa, and a 17 per cent increase in traffic. Cites Holiday "The most outstanding evidence of what can be done toward safe driving was displayed over the 4th of July holidays this year," Kahl said. "There was only one fatal accident (4 were killed in it) in that period and this accident occurred on a country road. Kahl followed up by calling attention to the fact August is the worst month for traffic fatalities. The record toll for one month was esablished in August of 1941, at 80. August last year is 2nd high with 73 fatalities. Ask Marie to Form Cabinet French Look for New Head of Government Paris, (/P)—Andre Marie, a radical socialist, announced Wednesday he has been asked to form a new French government. Marie, 51, was minister of justice in Premier Robert Schuman's cabinet which resigned Monday in defeat, opposing a $40,000,000 cut in the defense bill. Marie is a moderate conservative and his emergence marked a swing to the right. He still is suffering effects of starvation in the German Buchenwald concentration camp. Immediately after talking with President Vincent Auriol, he went to the ministry of justice to consult political leaders. He must secure a parliamentary majority to attain the office. It was socialist defection from the coalition of popular republican movement, radical socialists (con servatives) and socialists which toppled the Schuman government. Washington, <7P) — Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, national selective service director, indicated Wednesday the armed forces may not call peacetime draftees into service around Oct. 1. The law provides that no one can be inducted before Sept. 22. Hershey would not give a definite date when he expects the first draftees to be called. He was asked at a news conference whether, in view of registration taking place from Aug. 30 to Sept. 18 selective service would be able to provide any draftees before Oct. 1. Hershey replied that Oct. 1 sounded like a conservative date. Hershey said the method of selecting men probably won't be decided until next week. He said there are 2 methods of selection: (A) Start with men of 25 and work down the list to the 18 year olds; or (B), Conduct a lottery, such as was done at the start of the draft for World war II. He indicated that he is sympathetic towards drafting the 25 year olds first because 100,000 of them will become 26 every month and therefore will not be eligible for the draft. Washington, (U.R) — President Truman will present his legislative program to the special session of congress in person at noon next Tuesday. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said Tuesday the president will deliver his message to a joint session of the house and senate on the 2nd day of the special session. The timing of his appearance was worked out in consultation with democratic and republican congressional leaders. Wild Goose Chase At the same time, Ross told reporters that Mr. Truman would not ask congress "to go off on any wild goose chase." "Obviously he is not asking congress to enact the republican platform," Ross said. But he said that as "a matter of fact," several proposals which the president will make to the special session are included in the democratic platform for 1948. Already in Congress Ross said that "in large part," the program to be put forward by the president is "already in congress . . . some of it far along in the legislative process." The special session called by Mr. Truman to consider an anti- inflation program and other matters will convene at noon EDT Monday. Mr. Truman's spokesman said he could not discuss at this time the possibility the president might include a report on the current Berlin crisis in his message. Americans Warned to Stay Away From Jap Volcano, Mt. Asama Karuizawa, Japan, (U.R)—The U. S. army warned all personnel Wednesday to "stay well outside the 3-mile radius" of Mt. Asama, an active volcano itear here. Japanese scientists have reported that Asama may explode within the next few months. Claims Ballot in 40 States 3rd Party Petitions for Vote Recognition Philadelphia, (U.R)—A leader of Henry Wallace's 3rd party claimed Wednesday their candidates would be listed on ballots in at least 40 states, including the 4 largest, at the November presidential election. The prediction came as public hearings began on the 3rd party The Hague, {U.R)—The Brussels | past countries failed Wednesday 1 to take even the 1st steps to make their much-heralded western ilnion anything but a scrap of paper. .The 2-day conference of the foreign ministers of Britain, France, Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg ended here with the ' western union as far from reality as a week ago. In place of the hope of a week ago there now are disclosed fundamental differences and a strong reluctance, especially by Britain, to project the western union beyond a loose organization of sovereign states. Return Home " The 5 foreign ministers returned i home Wednesday with only a few •igns of unity and plenty of outward signs of disunity. The most spectacular display of unity was opposition to the suggestion by some American of fie- 1 ials, especially those in Germany, that the Berlin blockade be broken by a show of force. The Brussels pect countries wanted no part of '•ueh a project. Dale Carnegie Says Britons Have Better Manners Than Yanks New York, (fP) —Dale Carnegie, author of "How to Win Friends and Influence People," began winning a few English friends as he sailed Wednesday aboard the liner De Grasse for England. "The English are a better-mannered and a better-speaking people than the Americans," he told reporters before the ship sailed. "The English people had culture and grand manners when there was nothing in America but the Indians. The people who immigrate here are not usually members of established families. They are usually unlettered farmers, tradesmen and workers." Hayes Available for Service on GOP Committee Charles City—The availability of Boyd "Pete" Hayes of Charles City for 3rd district membership on the republican state central committee is being made known to party wdrkers in other counties by friends of the local attorney. Mr. Hayes, a veteran of World war II, is serving as city attorney here and he is Floyd county republican chairman. For a number of years he was closely associated politically with the late Wesley G. Henke, who was 3rd district committeeman at the time of his death last year. Bennett A. Webster of Mason City, chosen to fill the vacancy created by the death of Mr. Henke, has let it be known that he does not wish to continue on the central committee. No campaign for the local lawyer is planned and his friends explain that if somebody older in the party's service is entered, there will be no disposition to make a contest of it. But, it's pointed out, Mr. Hayes is available. 2 of 6 Freed on $5,000 Bail 4 Still Held on Murder Charges Charles City—Arthur Ubben, 24, Thornton, and Kenneth" Mc- Clemmens, 19, Sheffield, were free Wednesday after posting $5,000 bond each for a murder charge placed against them and 4 others following the death of Charles Gallup, 60, Nora Springs. Orin Lee Burns, 25, Hampton, who has admitted striking Gallup in the Sunday night scuffle which took place in the lane of Gallup's farm near Nora Springs, is being held without bond. The other 3 being held in the Floyd county jail in lieu of $5,000 bond are: Robert Garlock, 19, Thornton; Harold Riekens, 31, Sheffield, and Johnny Just, 21, Sheffield. All 6 men are bound to the September term of district court, Gallup died Sunday night shortly after arriving at a Mason City hospital by ambulance. Death was attributed to a hemorrhage caused by a blow on the temple. platform. Representatives of a dozen organizations were slated to give their views on a rough draft drawn up behind locked doors_by_the platform committee. C. B. Baldwin, campaign manager for Wallace, made the claim at his first pre-convention press conference. The convention formally opens Friday. Baldwin disclosed that Illinois was the latest state in which the Wallace forces had obtained rec- Doily Worker Editor Goes Before Court Said to Advocate Violent Overthrow of U. S. Government New York, (ff>) —The 8th top communist leader of 12 indicted on charges of advocating violent overthrow of the U. S. government surrendered Wednesday. John Gates, 34, editor of the Daily Worker, communist party newspaper, said as he appeared in federal court, "I have a clear conscience." Six others of the party high t command, headed by Chairman j William Z. Foster, were arrested Tuesday night shortly after the special federal grand jury returned th;.' indictments. A 7th was held in Detroit. The 6 arrested here were released overnight after promising to return this morning. Bail of $5,000 each was posted for them Wednesday. Learned From Paper Gates, an army paratrooper In the war, said he learned of the indictments from the newspapers this morning. The 530,000 bail for the 6 was ognition by natures. getting 100,000 sig- "Now we are assured a line in New York, California, Pennsylvania and Illinois—the 4 largest states," Baldwin said in a message to leaders of the Illinois progres-. sive party. "We will make it on at least 40 ballots." Much of Pisa, Italy, was demolished during World war II but the Leaning Tower was only slightly damaged. It was understood they unanimously agreed here to oppose any such move, which they feared might lead to war and immediate occupation of their countries by the Russians. Spectacular Split The most spectacular split occurred over the French proposal to go far beyond the original concepts of the western union. French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, harassed by a political crisis at home, proposed: 1. Expanding the western union into an all-European federal parliament with delegates from existing parliaments. It wo ild be open to all Europe, the east as well as the west. 2. Converting the western union immediately in{o a full economic and customs union, to cover all of Europe later. But under the leadership of British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, ,who usually is given the credit lor conceiving the western union, the other countries flatly rejected Bidault's proposal as a "dream." Recruiting Offices in Boom Rush ' Washington, (U.R)—B u s i n e s s boomed at military recruiting centers throughout ^ the country Wednesday as ^thousands of 18 year olds sought*to beat the peace- time'draft by volunteering for 12 months of service. Under the new draft law, 18 year olds''who volunteer for one year's service in this country will be excused from the 21 month draft when they turn 19. Taking advantage of this "escape clause," hundreds of youths queued up at recruiting centers to sign up with the army, navy or air corps. The new draft act provides for registration of men 18 through 25, but only those 19 through 25 may be inducted. It authorizes voluntary enliat- I ment of 18 year olds. Gerald Van Buskirk First Applicant of 18 Year Old Recruits Gerald M. Van Buskirk, Goodell, was the first applicant to be accepted, by the Mason City army and air force recruiting station under the new plan of one year enlistment for 18 year olds which went into effect Wednesday. He will be heard in an interview over KGLO on the 6 o'clock newscast Wednesday evening. Officers Seek Stock Rustlers 10 Head of Cattle at Cresco Yards Stolen Cresco—Officers here were on the search Wednesday morning for cattle rustlers who stole 10 head from the barns of the Cresco Livestock Market during the early morning hours Tuesday. The livestock is estimated to be worth $2,000. Fred Halweg, caretaker at the yards, discovered the theft declaring the thieves gained entrance to the barns by pulling the staples that held the heavy chains to which the lock is attached. It is believed the cattle were hauled away by truck. There was a heavy rainfall during the night which obliterated the tracks. The cattle consisted of 4 Shorthorn and one Hereford steer and 5 cows and heifers of Holstein and roan Shorthorn breed. posted in U. S. treasury bonds by Robert W. Dunn, treasurer of the civil rights congress, when they appeared before Federal Judge Vincent L. Leibell. Freed on bail besides Foster were Eugene Dennis, general secretary of the communist party; John Williamson, national labor secretary; Jacob Stachel, chairman of the party's department of agitation, publication and education; New York Councilman Benjamin J. Davis, choirman of the party's legislative committee; and Henry Winston, organizational secretary. Seized in Detroit A 7th, Carl Winters, chairman j of the Michigan state council of I the party, was seized in Detroit Tuesday night. The other 4 are being sought. The arrests, one of the sharpest blows yet struck against organized communism in this country, brought an immediate, strongly- worded protest from national headquarters of the party. It described the indictments as a "monstrous frame-up" and said the arrests were part of a plan by President Truman to embarrass the new party of Henry A. Wallace. Foster and the others indicted are specifically accused of "conspiring to teach and advocate the overthrow of t h e United States government by force and violence. Many citizens of Pisa. Italy, make a living modeling miniature copies of their famous Leaning Tower for souvenirs. Thieves Take Jewelry From Humphrey Bogart Hollywood, (U.R) — Thieves entered their home while they were out of town for 10 days and stole 515,000 in jewelry. Actor Humphrey Bogart and his actress wife, Lauren Bacall, reported Wednesday. The jewelry was missing •when they returned from a vacation aboard their yawl at Newport Beach, they said. AP Wircphoto BUILDING COLLAPSES—No one was seriously hurt, but it was hard on the bedrooms when the wall collapsed in this 4-story brick apartment building in West Homestead, Pa., Tuesday. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Generally fair through Thursday. Cooler Wednesday night and Thursday. Low Wednesday night CO. High Thursday 82. Iowa: Generally fair and cooler Wednesday night and Thursday. Low Wednesday night 60 northwest, 65 southeast. Minnesota: Cloudy north and partly cloudy south portion Wednesday night, with rain continuing northeast. Cooler west portion. Thursday clearing, not so cool in north and a little cooler southeast. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning: Maximum 89 Minimum 66 At 8 a. m. Wednesday 77 Precipitation .05 Says Russians Prepared to Dismantle Rail Equipment YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 73 46 Berlin, (/P)—The British-licensed press said Wednesday the Russians are preparing to pull switches and signal equipment on the railroad to Berlin, if the western allies try to force their way through the soviet blockade. Meanwhile the Russians, who already have offered to feed all Berlin, hinted through their controlled press that they may offer electric power for the entire city, including the soviet blockaded western sectors.' The British-controlled newspaper Telcgraf said German railway officials have received orders to prepare detailed plans of rail lines running to the western borders of the Russian occupation zone. The Needs No Repair British-licensed German news agency said the closed Helmstedt line to Berlin was in good shape and needed n6 repairs as the Russians have claimed. The agency said it received its information from rail officials in the soviet union. German press reports also said the Russians are strengthening border barricades on the frontiers with the American occupation zone to reduce German interzonal I travel. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American military governor in Germany, and his political adviser, Robert Murphy, are enroute to Washington by plane to report on the growing Berlin crisis. Clay is expected to return to Berlin Sunday. Sends Jets Before the American commander left Fr.inkfurt Tuesday night, it was announced that the United States is sending 75 more jet-propelled fighters to reinforce its aerial strength in Germany. Sixteen other jets arrived at Storn- away, Scotland, Tuesday night. They also are slated for duty in Germany. S o v i e t-controlled newspapers here implied that the Russians might supply Berlin with electric power by using imports of Polish coal. The papers said the Russians could get enough coal to restore the drastic power cuts which have darkened homes and shut down many factories in western Berlin. This 2nd soviet gesture was heralded with blaring headlines and. editorials in the communist press. It came as Berliners looked toward Washington for a solution in the 5-week-olci crisis.

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