Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 22, 1948 · Page 16
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 16

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, July 22, 1948
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Page 16
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EDITORIALS // An Answer to Our Farm Boom & Bust" Prophets LOOMY prophets of a "boom and bust" VJ future for American agriculture will find opponents of their view in many high places. One of them speaks out in the current issue of Iowa's foremost farm publication "Successful Farming." Reference here is to 0. V. Wells, chief of the bureau of agricultural economics of the U. S. department of agriculture. Mr. Wells believes "the prospect for American agriculture over the next quarter century is relatively good." His prediction is supported by these 5 basic points: First, farmers are better off financially. They owe less money. They have more liquid assets such as cash, bank deposits, and government bonds. They have been slower in bidding up land values. Second, present stocks of farm products are low. Warehouses are not as full of wheat, cotton, and other staple crops as they once were. Also the European recovery program should help support the export market. Farmers know, too, that good farming practice calls for some cut in grain acre- ages as current emergency demands are eased. Third, population is expected to increase 20 per cent. Wells states, "We can expect a 10 per cent increase in our population by I960, a 20 per cent increase" by 1975. This means a steadily growing home market" Fourth, better tools and methods of farming will continue to boost output per worker in both industry and agriculture. This is important because "farm population will probably continue to grow smaller, and the trend will be toward fewer and larger commercial farms." Fifth, a fair level of business activity is expected. This brings up the question of demand. What are the chances that we can maintain prices, incomes, and employment at a relatively good level? What about export markets? The answers to these questions depend upon 3 variable factors which Wells thinks will continue favorable. They are (1) the level of employment, (2) the general price level, and (3) the probable strength of the foreign market. Wells' prediction is based on a detailed study made by the bureau of agricultural economics. It is only an estimate, but it is certainly worth working for. The Eyes Still Have It A SEEKER for American psychological reaction to certain events has a heyday at a gathering such as a national political convention. Put 10,000 people in one place—say the streets surrounding a hotel. Spot a loud speaker, carrying the voice of the nominee or one who wants to be. The voice goes on. So do the people— right past the broadcasting outfit. They crowd and push to get to the front to see something farther along the street. What is it? Two figures made of paper doing a wiggly dance, with no apparent strings for puppeting. Here's a man selling any kind of gimcrack, illuminated neckties, grotesque balloons, . freakish buttons, pennants, even postcards, good and bad. These fellows get the audience, though not the buyers. On the other hand, thousands will stand for hours in a humid sun in front of a building. "Someone said" a candidate, or one who would like to be, is in there. They wait and wait, and the chances are he's in a hotel room conference a mile and a half away. This proves one thing. There's more to seeing than hearing. It underscores the principle of today's newspapers that a picture is the thing, that man lives more by the eye than by the ear. Look Out Below! MECHANICAL COTTON PICKER? The jig-saw puzzle put together by that master harmonizer, Franklin D. Roosevelt, appears to have lost some of its principal pieces. There are shortages in many fields, but not in the field of seconding speech makers. There the supply greatly exceeds the demand. One intent of the new women's styles seems to be to make it possible for figures to lie just a little bit. It may not always be so but at the moment there are about as many 2-family garages as 2-car garages. The real intent of those southern anti-Truman- ites is to make an ex-haberdasher lose his shirt. Our meatless and eggless days also turned out to be fruitless. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges But Will He Be There? Davenport Democrat: Senator George Wilson has been chosen by the republicans to make the keynote address at the republican state convention to be held in Des Moines July 23. In view of Wilson's failure to attend many sessions of the senate in Washington, when important matters came to a vote, we are wondering if he will really show up for the party convention in Des Moines. State G. O. P. Convention Hampton Chronicle: The Iowa republican county conventions are over, and there is still no excitement on the subject as to who is going to be nominated for secretary of state. With 8 candidates now in the field, things may become exciting before July 23, or on that date anyway, but it surely cannot be any hotter weather than it has been around here the past week. Democratic Enthusiasm Northwood Anchor: The democrats in convention this week in Philadelphia will have a hard time engendering a lot of enthusiasm. We wonder just how some of the boys are going to put much heart into cheering when Truman is nominated, after they worked so hard to draft General Eisenhower for the nomination. Limit Car Speed Clarion Monitor: With an almost certain prospect of future gasoline scarcity, and with increasing numbers of highway accidents due to speeding, it seems the essence of good sense that an effective brake be put on this speeding danger v at the point where it will do the most good—in the manufacture of cars. Readymade Troubles Reinbeck Courier: The big party bosses have put their heads together and decided that Harry Truman has done nothing but make a mess of things. The truth of the matter is, the mess %vas made long before Truman was dumped into the coveted chair, as president of the United States. The Two-Thirds Rule Estherville News: President Truman may thank his lucky stars that during the heyday of Roosevelt new dealing the two-thirds rule was repealed. Under two-thirds rule rebellious southern democrats could have prevented the president's renom- ination. Truman and H. C. of L. Council Bluffs Nonpareil: We venture to predict that not a single congressman will be defeated in November because prices are too high. Mr. Truman is barking up the wrong tree in his demand for price controls. Don't Count Truman Out Blue Earth Post: Don't count Truman out. While it is- true his stock has hit a new low, Harry has a way of coming back. He has done that on previous occasions and he's certainly going to try a return performance. Pershing: Death Charles City Press:.The nation salutes General Pershing and remembers his significant accomplishments as a leader during war and peace with gratitude on this old soldier's last bugle call. Water Tastes Better Clear Lake Mirror: We must admit that the Clear Lake water tastes much better this summer, although it is certainly warmer than it has been in a long time. Observing .-14 W/iy PM Failed B OB LASCH, Nebraska reared journalist now on the editorial staff of the Chicago Sun-Times, has written an article for the Atlantic Monthly, a post-mortem on PM, the New York tabloid established by Marshall Field as an adventure in adless, left-wing journalism. Lasch says PM failed largely because it didn't do a good job of public information. Although adless PM opened itself to a charge that - frequently its news columns were more biased than papers which carried ads. "PM proved," writes Lasch, "that poor Journalism on the left doesn't compensate for poor journalism on the right; that money alone isn't enough to create a great newspaper; that bias and partiality are not the answer to bias and partiality; that a point of view is not a substitute for a con- •dentious job of public information." Editorial of the Day 2 REMARKABLE MEN I OWA FALLS CITIZEN: No one will ever know, of course, whether Vandenberg might have been nominated by the republicans had he chosen to exert himself even mildly in that respect. Many people, including many of the best political strategists in Washington think that he could have been nominated had he so chosen. It seems not at all unlikely that Eisenhower could have had the democratic nomination had he so chosen. It will probably be a long time before this country sees another election year roll around where 2 men either refuse to seek the office of president or flatly reject the idea that they seek it. Seems to pretty well disprove the old saying about it being a position "no man can refuse." 'Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—Eleanor Fox, Mason City, won the blind bogey golf match for women played at the golf links with 20 women entered. Her total score was 63 but she had a handicap of 12 points which left a net score of 51. Mrs. H. A. O'Leary won. low score with a count of 46 and Mrs. Arleigh Eddy, was 2nd with 49 as the count. 20 YEARS AGO After 2 years of revues the North Iowa fair is going back this year to a fireworks spectacle with the staging of the gigantic "Fall of Troy" as its chief night attraction, it was announced by A. P. Parsons, secretary of the association. It has a mammoth scenic setting and depicts in graphic form the siege of Troy by the Greeks, including the use of the gigantic wooden horse to enter tho city. 30 YEARS AGO A party of 11 young women from the auditing department of the Western Electric company and M. B. A. offices are enjoying a week's outing at Clear Lake. The girls are occupying the "Fun-er- Bust" cottage on the camp ground. Mrs. Eglin is chaperoning the crowd composed of the Misses Lydia Priebe, Syrella Walter, Marie Siessegcr, Margaret Siesseger, Loretta Liebold, Marie Crawford, Florence Johnson, Oclva Crepow, Ina Eglin, Florence Lonergan and Bertha Church. 40 YEARS AGO H. D. Lewis who has been conducting a 2nd hand store on North Main and Harvey & Milgrew, whose plumbing shop is on South Main, have exchanged places and the moving began today. Both firms claim benefits from the exchange as the trade for each is in their respective parts of the city. Dodges Point is sprouting a tennis court which it is claimed will be the finest court in north Iowa. It has been built under the direction of Col. •H. H. Shepard. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. INFLAMMATION OF THE LARYNX T HE body is "wired for sound" by means of a complicated and delicate little chamber called the larynx and located at the upper end of the windpipe or trachea. Thus, to singers, actors, and public speakers this little voice-box is likely to assume an importance out of all proportion to its size, and to become the most cherished organ of the body. And there is good reason for the pampering it receives because the voice can be damaged or even lost altogether by any one of a number Of things which cause strain or inflammation of the larynx. Mere overuse of the voice can cause harmful irritation of the organ which produces it, leading to unwelcome changes in the DR. BUNDESEN voice itself. Infections or overindulgence in alcohol also damage this delicate little instrument, thus bringing about hoarseness or giving a rasping quality to the voice. Stage fright, as is well known, often causes complete though temporary loss of the voice. Acute inflammation of the larynx always calls for complete rest of the throat. If a speaking or singing engagement is impending, it should be canceled while the performer stays at home to treat his throat by cold compresses on the neck and the breathing in of steam. In less severe cases of inflammation of the larynx, it is suggested that some alkaline spray be used in the nose and that a few drops of ephcdrine be applied to the voice-box by means of a syringe. An actor or a singer occasionally may lose his voice on the day of an important appearance because of fatigue. Treatment in such cases should include rest in bed, cold compresses, and nose drops containing menthol. Chronic inflammation of the larynx occurs only when the voice is used constantly, as for example, by clergymen, school teachers, vendors, and sport fans. Talking in noisy surroundings, especially in the outdoors, puts a great strain on the voice. Excessive drinking and smoking also are injurious, alcohol causing a dilation or swelling of the blood vessels in the larynx. Infected tonsils may be a cause for recurrent inflammation of the larynx or voice-box. In such cases, removal of the tonsils may be advised. In some cases irritation may be due to the dripping of infected material from the back part of the nose into the throat. Hence, when such irritation occurs, a careful study of the nasal sinuses is advised. Sometimes little swellings develop on the vocal cords. These are known as singers' nodules, and they are made up of scar tissue. In practically all instances they are caused by straining of the voice. Now and then such nodules have been removed surgically; however, this involves some risk to the perfect clarity of tone required of singers. The best procedure seems to be at least 3 months' rest of the voice and the avoidance of strain thereafter. They'll Do It Every Time HAL DOVLB Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle of the AP WHEN DISRESPECT PAID OFF N EW YORK, (/P)—It isn't every sergeant in the army who is promoted for splashing mud all over a full-ranking general. J. Norman ("The Old Sarge") Lodge believes he is the only sergeant in the American army who got a higher rank by giving Gen. John J. Pershing an impromptu mud bath. Lodge, an Associated Press correspondent overseas during the 2nd World war, served as an enlisted man with Pershing in Mexico and in France. Serving as a sniper with the infantry, Lodge was gassed in one early engagement in the first World war and hit in both legs by German machine gun bullets in another battle. When he recovered, he was assigned to duty as a motorcycle dispatch rider. "In spite of the shell-torn roads we had to keep a schedule," he recalled. "From Souilly to Chaumont, Pershing's headquarters, it was 2 hours—-an almost impossible feat. "One day I was late and tore into the chateau yard at Chanmont just as Pershing was emerging, neatly dressed as always. "It had been raining—it always rains during a war—and as I skidded up to the steps the motorcycle spattered Gen. Pershing with mud. "His quick temper flared. His short riding crop, which was as much a part of his uniform as his highly polished boots, came up and down—across my knuckles." Lodge, his knuckles stinging, saluted. Pershing took a look at the sergeant's stripes on his sleeves and said sternly: "What is your name, Private?" "Lodge, sir, 60985, Headquarters, 101st infantry, 26th division. Lodge thereupon handed the general's aide the dispatches. The next morning he cut the sergeant stripes off his sleeves before reporting for orders. "The adjutant noticed it and smiled," Lodge said. "When I returned to my unit I had been given a rating as battalion sergeant major—2 pay grades above my former rating—by the general's own orders." "But that's the way Pershing was—a tartar, yet a softie." Lodge recalled another time when his unit waited 4 hours in the rain for Pershing to inspect it. Finally the bugle blew attention, and 4 Cadillacs sped down the line splattering the troops with mud. The rigid men said "Damn!" But Pershing dismounted from his car and walked back on foot through the rain in ankle deep mud to review the whole line. Then he said simply: "Colonel, my congratulations. Your lines are straight, your men are soldiers." Backing Farm Safety Week : hope that rural dwellers everywhere will take their tip from their farm leaders in giving earnest observance next week to national Farm Safety week. Here's what 2 of those leaders have to say on the subject: Allen B. Kline, president of the American Farm Bureau federation: "The increased mechanization of farm operations, plus the speed at which we operate, has vastly increased the hazards to- which all farm people are exposed every day. Our sense of caution has not advanced as fast as our mechanical knowledge. As a result, farming is in fact one of the dangerous occupations. The situation fully justifies nationwide attention. "Therefore, the American Farm Bureau Federation whole-heartedly endorses the observance of National Farm Safety Week July 25 to 31, and will co-operate fully in making it effective on a nationwide basis." James G. Patton, president of the National Farmers union: "The National Farmers Union is anxious to co-operate in doing everything possible to lower the rate of accidents on farms. The records show that farm accidents take a heavy toll every year. An attempt to eliminate 30,000,000 hazards on American farms, therefore, is certainly appropriate as a positive step to promote safety in farming." 8 Types of Human Nose ( am intrigued by the spe- 'cialized study being made by a Nebraska zoology professor. He's classifying the various types of human noses. He says there are 8 basic types. I don't want to anticipate his report but I shouldn't be surprised if the list includes the following: 1—The nose that's poked into other people's business. 2—The nose that's turned up at other Folks. S—The nose that Is followed by its owner. 4—The nose that's kept too close to the erindstone. B—The nose that's being paid through. f—The nose that's cut off to spite a face. •;—The nose that looks down at anyone. ?—Jimmy Dura,ntc's. Los Angeles Vocation Plan shouldn't be surprised if . there's an idea for other cities in the new vacation program worked out by Los Angeles for her municipal employes. The rule is: "The longer you work, the more vacation you get." Under the Los Angeles plan, employes are given 10 working days of paid vacation at the end f of a full year of service. After ' 15 years' service, they are given 15 working days of annual vacation. After 22 years of service, municipal employes are entitled to 20 working days of vacation each year. The plan also permits employes to accumulate unused vacation leave up to a maximum of 2 years, but any unused vacation in excess of that is waived. Several other governmental, units also have the "escalator" features in their vacation plans. The state of Virginia, the province of British Columbia and the cities, of Evanston, 111., Lincoln, Nebr., and Winnipeg, Can., all increase vacations with length of service. Similar graduated vacation plans are found in quite a number of private concerns. For example, both Macy's department store in New York and Hudson's store in Detroit give employes increased vacations with increased tenure. Hudson's grants a month vacation yearly to employes who have 10 years' service, plus $50 annual bonus after 15 years and a $100 annual bonus after 20 years. In public service, another unusual vacation feature is that ot. city hospitals in Kansas City, Mo., which give employes who work with radium or X-ray machines double the normal 12 day vacation each year. Information, Please! 1. What is the wall space over an arched door or window called? 2. What 2 countries in South America are the only 2 inland republics? Answers—The lunette. 2. Bolivia and Paraguay. 2 Oceans in View am told that Irazu volcano, in central Costa Rica, affords one of the western hemisphere's most thrilling spectacles. A traveler, standing near the top of the volcano, which rises 11,322 feet above sea level, can see not only the Atlantic 35 miles away but, on a clear morning, the Pacific too, 60 miles to the west. Not even Balboa, who discovered the Pacific, had the experience of seeing two oceans from the same spot. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To THE MASON CITY SADDLE CLUB—for giving Mason City its 8th annual horse show. This organization deserves a great amount of credit for the fine shows presented and should have » a bouquet for sponsoring year after year a show that attracts competition as fine as one will see anywhere in a city the size of Mason City. Did You Know? By Jimmy Hatlo PARKED )N A PARK BENCH -WOW FOR THE LOVE OF MIKE! TAKE HER IN VOUR ARMS! HOLD HER CLOSE! KISS HER! WHAT D'YATHINK SHE IS? A CACTUS PLANT? JUST TRY TO GET THE JUNIOR MEMBERS OF THE AMATEUR PRODUCTION TO PtTCH EVEN THE MINIMUM OF WOO IN REHEARSALS FOR THE BK? LCVE SCENE ER-UH-MV DARLING- CAN'T VOU SEE-UH- MV HEART IS UH-ONRQE? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: RcaScn aslnj: thl» service for question of fact—not counsel—should sign full name and address and Inclose 3 cents for return postage.. Address The Mason City Globe-C.a- xclte Information Bureau, 3]fi Eye Street N. E.. Washington 2, D. C. What is the average speed of reading? Research has disclosed that the average adult reads 23 4-inch lines per minute. The eyes travel a path 3,700 feet long during 8 hours of continuous reading, plus approximately two-thirds of mile shifting from the end of one line to the beginning of the next. Were Lhe last Z world's fairs successful financially? Neither the New York World's fair nor the Golden Gate exposition was successful financially, even though both expositions were opened for a 2nd year. What is the approximate number of graduate, licensed psychiatrists in the United States? Dr. Edward A. Strecker in "Fundamentals of Psychiatry," (1947 edition), says that "not more than 3,500 qualified psychiatrists at this writing are available to meet the psychiatric and mental hygiene needs of the nation, while 10,000 is a bare minimum requirement.'' How much do the gloves used by professional lioxcrs weigh? Professional gloves must not weigh less than 5 ounces and may weigh 8 ounces or more, as determined by state boxing commissions. Is the belief that when one gray hair is pulled from the scalp 2 or more grow in its place true according: to the findings of science? There is no scientific basis for this belief. What cities first provided free textbooks for their children? The earliest city to provide free text-, books probably was Philadelphia, in 1818. New Hampshire ordered free textbooks for indigent children as early as 1827. Jersey City began to provide free textboks in 1830, and Newark in 1838. Charleston, S. Car., began in 1856, and Elizabeth and Hoboken, N. J., some time before 1860. What states have short residence requirements for filing petition for divorce? Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Nevada, North Carolina, Utah and Wyoming. Why are skins cut into innumerable small pieces and sewed together again to make fur coats? This is done to produce evenness of color, to remove traces of damage and to achieve good lines and beauty. What church has been called the Westminster of the south? St. Philip's church of Charleston, S. Car. Many distinguished men are buried in its graveyard. The first building was erected in 1681 and present structure has been standing since 1838. What foreign rulers have been resented on United States moins represented on U. S. coins? A commemorative 25 cent piece issued .in honor of the Columbian Exposition in 1893 bore the head of Queen Isabella of Spain. The Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures ERNEST HEMINGWAY, born July 21, 1898, has had close links with war and other violence, both in his life and works. After a brief tour as cub reporter he entered World war I \vith the Italian army. Later he was injured bull f i g h ti n g in Spain. He observed a n\i wrote about the Spanish Civil war. His novels and books have dealt with scenes he knew and have championed the revolt of the post- World war I generation. Among his novels are "Farewell to Arms" and "For whom the Bell Tolls." only other instance of the use of the head of a foreign ruler on a United States coin was the head of William the Silent which appeared on the 50 cent commemorative coin issued for the Huguenot-Walloon celebration. What is the total area covered by the world's largest drug store in Los Angeles, Cal.? The drug ( store which claims to be, the largest in the world covers an area of 3 acres. What countries are usually included ,in the term Orient? The word is loosely defined as including the countries of Asia and the adjacent islands of the Pacific. Sometimes it is restricted to the eastern part of Asia, which is also called the Far East. The word Orient conies from the Latin and refers to the direction from which the sun rises. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. \V. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM •• - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Wednesday, July 21, 1948 Entered as second-class matter April 12, 1030, at the postoffice at Mason City. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, whlck is exclusively entitled to use for rcpub- llcatlon of all local news printed In thl« newspaper as well as all AP newi dl*patches SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear LaW« (Carrier Delivery LimiUI One year »I3.«« One week ,35 Outside Mason City «nd Clear Lake Bu» Within 100 Miles of Mason City Hy mail one year $9.00 By mall six months $4.75 By carrier per week JS ——^— f Outside 100 Mil* Zone by Midi Only Ono year S12.M Six months $ ft.50 THre« monthi I 3.M

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