The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on March 8, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Friday, March 8, 1974
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TOlstYEAR NO. 57 FERGUS FALLS, AAINNESOTA 56537 FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc Minimum wage bill approved WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate for the second time in this Congress has passed a bill raising the minimum wage from 11.60 to $2.20 an hour for 56 million U.S. workers. Sponsors said this time, however, they believed there was a fair chance either President Nixon would sign the legislation or that his veto could be overridden. Nixon vetoed the 1973 bill, almost identical to the one passed Thursday, and was sustained in the House by a comfortable 23- vote margin. But a number of Republicans who voted to uphold him last year reportedly have changed their minds. The 69-to-22 vote sent the legislation to the House, where a Labor subcommittee already has approved a similar measure. Its version would fix an eventual $2.30 minimum but its steps would be more gradual than under the Senate bill. The full House Labor Committee and then the House itself are expected to act soon on the legislation. The Senate vote for the bill was substantially greater than the 64-33 margin by which the 1973 bill passed. In addition to raising the wage floor, the bill would extend coverage of the wages and hours act to seven million additional workers, repeal overtime pay exemptions which apply in several industries and tighten present law on child labor on farms. In three days of Senate debate, Republicans made several attempts to alter the bill to make it conform to Nixon's views but all of their aniendments were defeated. Sen. Harrison A. Williams Jr., D-N.J., chief sponsor of the bill, said the present wage floor leaves millions of families in poverty. Even the $2.20 minimum would not quite lift a family of four to the poverty level, he said. Republicans argued that the increase actually would Continued on page 14 Nixon offers reform plan on campaigns FIRST AID TRAINING — Fergus Falls firemen and policemen last night began a retraining program in advanced and emergency care first aid. Participants included (standing, left to right) city police officers Ervin Hagen, Roy Skramsted, Duane McCrossin and Robert Nessa. Kneeling, left to right, are fireman Burke Schultz, policeman LeRoy Anderson, fireman Dave Muchow, and Floyd Heidorn. Serving as a patient is John Lundc. Schultz, Muchow, Heidorn and I.unde are among a group of instructors who will be handling the retraining. Last night's session was held at Fergus Falls Senior High School. (Journal photo by Harley Oyloe) WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon today proposed new limits on campaign financing and prohibitions on so-called "dirty Iricks," saying that "campaign iibuses recently publicized ... proclaim that the electoral process needs reform." "I am doubtful that any legislation can provide the panacea that some seek to guarantee absolute integrity in the electoral process," the President declared in a message to Congress. Bui he proposed a series of reforms — and slated his opposition to some other suggestions — which if enacted would diange the face of American elections. Nixon siiid campaign financing is "1116 most important area for reform and the area in which reform is most urgently required." "1 conclude that the single most important action to reform campaign financing should be broader public disclosure," he said. Nixon's eight-page message listed these specific financing proposals: —No individual could contribute more than $3,000 to any Senate or House candidate or more than $15,000 to any presidential candidate. These limits would apply separately in primaries, runoffs and general elections. Formers urged to take precautions County fuel office says gas situation looks bad this month ByBOBDRECHSEL City Editor Malcolm Lee, Otter Tail County's emergency fuel and energy coordinator, said yesterday the gasoline outlook appears very bad for this month and that supplies could be very short. "The real crunch hasn't hit the county yet," he said in an interview, "but it could when farmers get into the fields." Despite more optimistic reports yesterday from the Federal Energy Office, Lee said, nothing indicates definitely that the problem will be alleviated. And this morning both Lee's office and the state Civil Defense office said they will stick to the assessment contained in a March 1 state memorandum. That memorandum says, '•the allocation levels on gasoline for the month of March are going to be lower than for February. With only 3 per cent state set-aside, it is going to be critical." Today, I,ee was scheduled to meet with all of the local (city) fuel coordinators in the county to explain the situation to them. (A list of all local coor- Streaking craze increases as participants strengthen forces By The Associated Press Thousands of skinny, fat, goose-bumpy, sweaty bodies, all nude, are competing with the heroes of college athletics for the title to biggest spectator sport in the country. Thousands upon thousands of collegians, male and female, stripped to the buff Thursday night for a zany frolic of "streaking" that provided more entertainment than television or the local movies. The craze of romping around campus in the nude has been building in numbers and imagination for weeks, but the fad burst into unprecedented dimensions Thursday as newstyle nudists ran, danced, parachuted, biked, walked and played on campuses across the country. Some of the bigger and more outlandish nude events: —At Athens, Ga., a University of Georgia streaker proclaimed, "We've got the record," after as many as 1,000 nude bodies raced around the campus. A school patrolman estimated that there were probably more than 20,000 spectators. "I wish I had the courage to join them," said one elderly lady. "They look like they're having a swell time." —The Georgia claim, however, will certainly be contested in Colorado. Around 1,200 naked students dashed around a quadrangle at the University of Colorado, campus police said. The au naturel sprint was witnessed by an estimated 6,000 students and Boulder residents. —Hundreds of students at Stephen F. Austin University, in the heart of East Texas' Bible belt, stripped to their birthday suits and joined a crowd of about 2,000 in a "streak dance" to the accompaniment of a rock concert. —Four "bare-a-chutists" bailed out over the University of Illinois wearing only parachutes, helmets and shoes. They landed in the quadrangle near the Illini Union as some 6,000 persons applauded and screamed "Streak! Streak! Streak!" The naked men scrambled 300 feet to a waiting car and were whisked away. —Sweet Briar, Va., College president Harold B. Whiteman Jr. stood o:; his porch and applauded as some 50 coeds streaked by his house. About 200 students from the women's college took part, led by about 15 to 20 seniors wearing their commencement robes fastened at the neck only. —Five naked coeds at Vassar College discovered that streaking is fun until the boys start chasing. "They ran for'about a Continued on page 14 dinators appears in today's Daily Journal along with their addresses and telephone numbers. Anyone with fuel problems ought to contact them immediately.) I^e's office deals directly with the slate Civil Defense office which is administering energy policy in Minnesota. A county fuel board has also been created but it has not met. Its members include: Norman Meyer, Pcrham; Alvin Arntson, Pelican Rapids; Glen Thomas, Vining; Richard Gappa, Parkers Prairie; John Vial, Fergus Falls; Bud Poole, Fergus Falls; Clarence Peterson, Pelican Rapids; and Augie Strieker, Kergus Falls. "We have a lot of responsibility and absolutely no authority," says lx;e. He is referring to the fact that his office, which is responsible for dealing with local fuel problems, has no authority to compel any type of action. The office can only sign certificates of need for persons with problems. Those certificates are then forwarded to the state office where a decision is made. So far, Lee has been satisfied with the results. Mosl !>roblems have been solved. In fact, he adds, "James Erchul's office (Civil Defense) has given us the best service of any state office we've ever dealt with and we hope it continues that way." During the three months since Lee was appointed coordinator, the office has dealt with about 20 problems in the county, most of them involving Continued on page 14 WEATHER FERGUS FALLS AREA Mostly cloudy with a slight chance of brief light snow or snow flurries tonight. Fair to partly cloudy Saturday. Highs Saturday in the upper 20s and lower 30s. l.ows tonight eight to 20. Chance of measurable precipitation 20 per cent to ni glit. High Thursday 25. Overnight Ixw 22. At « a.m. 2G. At'noon 2G. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today, none. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 44. Minimum 29. —No cash contribution above $50, no donations from foreigners, no loans and no donation of such non-money assets as slocks would be allowed. —Organizations other than political parties, such as the AFL-ClO's Committee on Political Education or various industry political action committees, could not donate directly to a candidate. They could continue contributing to political parties. —All contributions to a candidate could flow through only one committee and would have to lie deposited in a single bank. —An independent federal elections commission would supervise federal election law, taking over functions now scattered amongst the House, Senate and comptroller general. . Nixon scheduled a nationwide radio address at 12:30 p.m. today to discuss the campaign reform proposals. In the dirty tricks area, Nixon said existing laws "are unclear and have been unevenly and sometimes unfairly enforced through selective prosecution." Most recently a Nixon campaign operative, Donald Seg- retti, was convicted and sen fenced to jail for disseminating a fake letter during the Florida campaign primary in 1972. A number of former Nixon aides have been indicted for other campaign activities or the cover-up of those activities in the Watergate affair. Nixon recommended that federal law prohibit three areas of campaign practice: —Disruptive and willfully misleading activities, such as disseminating false information or rigging public opinion polls. —Coercive activities, such as organized use of demonstrators to impede entry to a campaign rally. —Fraudulent election day practices-, such as stuffing ballot boxes or rigging voting machines. Varying stale laws deal with some of these activities. Nixon proposed that presidential campaigns be shortened by holding no state presidential primary or state nominating convention before May 1 of an election year. And he said presidential national nominating conventions should not be held until September. Presently primaries begin in late winter and run through June, and national nominating conventions are normally scheduled in July or August. Search for balloonist suspended LAS PALMAS, Canary Islands (AP) — The flight control center in Las Palmas said Tuesday it has heard no signal from missing American balloonist Thomas Gatch Jr. in 11' days of listening. The center said it was constantly tuned into Catch's emergency radio frequency. Contact was lost with the balloonist after he floated away from the United States Feb. 18 in an attempt to become .the first person to cross the Atlantic Ocean in a balloon. The balloon was last spotted by a ship on Feb. 22 floating toward the West African coast at the border of Morocco and the Spanish Sahara, near the Canary Islands. A reported sighting over the islands has not been confirmed. A Spanish army spokesman said troops have suspended their search U.S. jobless rate holds at 5.2 level WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's unemployment rate held steady at 5.2 per cent of the work force in February despite the energy crunch, the government said today. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, reporting the surprise statistic, said total employment remained unchanged at 90.5 million while the number of people out of work held at 4.7 million. Specialists in the bureau could offer no reason for the sudden halt in unemployment, which has risen from 4.S per cent of the work force since last October, primarily because of job layoffs caused by the energy crisis. The bureau estimated that from November through February between 125,000 and 200,000 jobs were lost directly because of fuel shortages. One reason for the apparent strength of employment in February was shown in a separate survey of industry employment, showing that non- farm payroll jobs posted a net increase of 175,000 last month. This survey showed that even though 151,000 people were laid off in February in the manufacturing industry, mainly because of the energy crisis, another 218,000 found jobs in service-producing industries and 101,000 in the construction industry. The unemployment rate had been expected to go up again as the economy continued an apparent slowdown and the Arab oil embargo cut into industry production. One bureau official said that one possible explanation is the margin of error built into the monthly statistics. He said that perhaps the January rise was overstated or the February report understated. Memos reveal strategy to disrupt radical groups I Streaking | | happens here | 8 The first case of:£ S streaking in Fergus Falls >•: £: was reported yesterday. :•:• 8 The incident took place :•: :•• during a pepfest in the •:• £ mask streaked across the •:• ;•: stage where cheerleaders ji| :•:• were performing. He ran ij g from the building and got •:• :;:• into a car. City police were: : : 5| notified. g Off Page One Area happenings. Page 2 On the local scene. Page 3 You won't find salmon at Rorvig's store in Dalton. Page 8 WASHINGTON (AP) - For nearly four years the FBI employed secret disruptive tactics against black militants and other radical groups. The purpose was to destroy organizations the FBI considered violence-prone and to topple their leaders from whatever power and influence they had amassed in the black and white communities, according to secret FBI memos made public Thursday. The sheaf of documents, reluctantly released by the FBI on orders from Atly. Gen. William B. Saxbe, also disclosed details of similar counterintelligence operations against the Socialist Workers party and the Ku Klux Klan. The Socialists have challenged the constitutionality of the tactics in a lawsuit pending in New York. The documents indicate that the counter-intelligence programs differed considerably from the agency's more traditional investigative functions. According to the memos, the campaign against "militant black nationalist-hate groups" was launched Aug. 25,1967, and expanded a year later to involve 41 FBI field offices across the nation. The campaign against the Socialists began with a memo dated Oct. 12,1961, and against the Klan with a memo dated Sept. 2, 1964. All three operations were officially terminated by a previously-released memo dated April 28, 1971. The new memos, released under pressure from newsmen citing the Freedom of Information Act, were heavily censored to delete the names of target organizations and individuals. Saxbe said he considered that information a part of investigative files and thus exempt from the disclosure law. In describing goals of the black militant campaign, the FBI said it intended to: —"Prevent the coalition of militant black nationalist groups" because it feared "the beginning of a true black revolution." —"Prevent the rise of a 'messiah' who could unify, and electrify, the militant black na- tionalist movement." The memo listed several potential "mcssiahs," but those names were censored out. —"Prevent violence on the part of black nationalist groups Through counterintelligence, it should be possible to pinpoint potential troublemakers and neutralize them before they exercise their potential for violence." —Discredit militants in the eyes of responsible blacks, white liberals and black radicals. The memo said the primary targets "should be the most violent and radical groups and their leaders." The document instructed field agents to report counterintelligence activities regularly, to obtain FBI headquarters approval for each operation, and to make sure "that there is no possibility of embarrassment to the bureau." In another mepno, the FBI suggested that the San Francisco field office undertake a "disruptive-disinformation operation" against the national office of the Black Panther par- ly. CHIEFS HAT FOR BRIAN-Brian Svitak, 5, of Cleveland, Ohio, waves from a fire truck after members of Kngine Co. No. 11 made him an honorary chief. The men heard that Brian was suffering from leukemia and decided to do something for him. Brian fs being treated at a Cleveland clinic. lAP Wirephotol

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