THE LUDINGTON DAILY NEWS VOLUME XLX, NO. 8, LUDINGTON, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 7, 1939. PRICE, THREE CENTS. CONGRESS LOOKS 1940 ESSION STUDY PLAN TO TRANSFER U.S. STEAMERS Begin Formal Inquiry In Attempted Escape Line Wants to Register m Panama to Escape Neutrality Law WASHINGTON, Nov. 7.-0P) —The maritime commission withheld final approval today of a request to place nine American merchant ships under Panamanian registry so that they could escape the, new neutrality law and continue voyages to Europe. After commission sources had said Monday afternoon that the United States lines application for the transfer was granted, the commission held an evening meeting and announced at midnight that it was deferring action.. .... - The ships consist of all out two of those used in trans-At- lantic service by the United States Lines. If the application is approved, they would be transferred to a Panamanian corporation, would fly the Panama flag, and would have no American citizens In. their crews. "The proposed transfer would divorce the ships Involved from any and all pro- lection afforded by the United States flag," said a commission statement. "Any favorable action would be taken by the maritime commission only upon the definite understanding that operations of the vessels in question can in no way Involve the rights of diplomatic protection by the United States or be made the basis of any claim put forward by the government of the United States." The commission explained that the ships could not carry any Americans either as passengers or crew in the combat areas defined by President Roosevelt. These extend eastward from mid-Atlantic around the British Isles and all Western Europe from Bergen, Norway, to Northern Spain. Should the ships ever be returned to United States registry, the commission added, they could not enter coastwise or "intercoastal service. The nine vessels are the American Shipper, American Banker, American Trader, American Traveler, American Farmer, American Importer, American Merchant, the President Harding and the President Roosevelt. JACKSON, Nov. !.—(&)— ' State's Attorney General Thomas Read prepared to begin a formal inquiry today into the attempted break at Southern Michigan prison Sunday which cost the life of Guard Inspector Fred Boucher. Read said he expected the inquiry to take about a day and a half. The six convicts who took part in the abortive plot to scale a prison wall and break for freedom were arraigned late Monday in the office of Warden Harry H. Jackson. Brought singly and i under heavy guard before Municipal Judge Arthur W. Wiggins, each demanded examination, which was set for Nov. 15. All face first degree murder charges growing from the death of Boucher, who was shot while trying to halt the car obtained by three of the fugitives in their getaway attempt. A coroner's jury, after hearing testimony of witnesses Monday before the arraignment of the six men, placed the blame for the shooting on Samual Sawaya, 26 year old convicted robber, but were advised by Prosecutor Owen Dudley that under Michigan law anyone involved in the commis- sion of a felony which results in a death stands equally guilty with the person accused. Russell Day, a guard who opened the door which enabled the convicts to gain weapons and access to the outer wall, admitted under questioning at the inquest that he had been "careless" in permitting unidentified persons to his guard posts. The convicts had duped Day into believing his relief guard was at hand by donning the uniform coat and badge of another guard whom they bound. Plans for Conducting Red Cross Roll Call Are Virtually Completed twenty- Funeral services for Robert L. Stearns of this city, whose death occurred Thursday at Tucson, An/., will be held from the home on Lakeshore drive at 2:30 p. m. Wednesday, it was announced today. The body will He in state at the home from 1 p. m. until the hour of the services. Services will be in charge of Rev. Paul Haskell Clark, pastor of Community church. Mr. Stearns' remains, accompanied by his son-in-law, Gilbert Gable, were to reach Ludlngton this noon. Mrs. Stearns, Mrs. Gable, Robert L. Stearns Jr. and Mr. and Mrs. Freeman R. Stearns returned here Monday evening. In tribute to Mr. Stearns, Ludington banks will close at 2 p. m. Wednesday. Roosevelt May Get Nobel Peace Prize OSLO, Nov. 7.—(/P>—Usually reliable sources said today a movement was on foot to award the Nobel peace prize to President Roosevelt. While some uncertainty existed whether the prize would be awarded this year, informed quarters said that Mr. Roosevelt was the only candidate at present tinder consideration. Members of the Nabel committee declined comment. With opening of the third annual Mason American Red Cross roll call only four days distant, plans for conducting the campaign in the county have been virtually completed, it was learned this toOii^R -from Mrs. Elna C. Schumacher, executive secretary of the Mason county chapter. A list of Ludington roll call workers who volunteered their services was published in Monday's edition of The News. Following is a list of county workers, submitted by Mrs. Schumacher, the first named in each instance being chairman of the district. Pexe Marquette boats and office: • R. C. Buchanan. Scottville: Mesdames Orve Pittard, Elon Morton, William Sanders, Glenn Wallace, Orin Cutler, Don Parsons, Arnold Carlson, John LeGault, Glen Genung, L. Rasmussen and Miss White. Amber township: Jens K. Hasse, Mesdames Fred Dostal, William Johnson, Max Paul, Walter Gowan, Carl Odean, Richard Mortensen. Branch township: Mesdames A. A. Johnson, C. B. Dodge, Thomas Twining. Custer township: Mesdames Action Is Taken at Regular Meeting of Council Monday Evening After considerable debate, Ludington city commission at its regular meeting' Monday night, decided to take out a compensation insurance policy with the Michigan Mutual Liability Co., the ipolicy to cover employes in all city departments. Policy of insuring all municipal employes is a new departure for the city. Previously only members of the fire department had been insured. Insurance .policies from four companies were read by Commissioner C. Leonard Pell, 'but decision to deal with the Michigan Mutual Liability Co. was prompted toy the company's policy of giving a 20 percent #—*—#* * * * * + * Frank Comstock, Mable McKenzie, Hulda S m e d b e r g, Herman Wilson, Roy Cable, (I'lcase turn to Page 6, Column 4) Vandenberg Warns U. S. Not to Punish Japs with Embargo WASHINGTON, Nov. 7.—(#>)— Senator Vandenberg, (R-Mich) has issued a warning against making "new threats of one- sided, punitive embargo against Japan—too easily the first step toward war itself." Vandenberg em'braced the warning in a statement which followed closely a prediction by Chairman Pittman (D-Ney.) of the Senate foreign relations committee that unless relations with Tokyo improve before a commercial treaty with Japan expires Jan. 26 Congress would enact the Pittman resolution mpowering the president to embargo exports' to Japan. Pittman was not directly mentioned toy Vandenbergi who commented that "saber rattlers will not help at either end of the line." "Instead of erupting new threats" against Japan, the Michigan Republican suggested "a continuation of Ambassador Grew's judicial candor, plus a realistic, practical, commonsense effort to find a give-and- take basis for a new treaty." Fin, Feather Club to Meet Tonight SCOTTVILLE, Nov. 7. —Fin and Feather club of Mason county will hold its regular monthly meeting at Community hall in Scottville this evening. Holding the meeting in Scottville is in line with the club's policy of holding frequent meetings in locations other than Ludington to accommodate out_ # «_ # _ # _ # _«. county members of the club. —#—#—•*—# NOTICE! Ludington Banks Will * Not Be Open after 2 p. I m. Wednesday, Nov. 8. Stearns Funeral. i C , OU !l y i dividend return, which commis? sioners said would 'be a saving to the city. B. D. Wicks of Grand Rapids, representative of the firm, was present at the meeting. He explained, in answer to a question raised, that his company is eligible to insure municipal corporations. Approve Matter , Under his plan, every em- ploye of the City of Ludington can be given compensation insurance for a sum. equal to about $750, after a 20 percent dividend is deducted. The matter was carried by a 5-2 vote, Commissioners Paul Marks and Elmer Nelson voting in the negative. After being tabled at a previous meeting, an application for a dancing permit was granted the Michigan Grill, 112 West Ludington avenue. Vote was unanimous. Matter of granting a restaurant license to Mrs. Jennie Davidson and a Mrs. Smith was ta- ibled until Circuit Court Judge Max E. Neal renders a decision of the Len Kimball restaurant case. The two ladies propose to operate a restaurant at 127 (Please turn to Page 6, Column 5) Four Are Killed as Building Burns PLAINFIELD, N. J., Nov. 7.— (/P) —Three girls and a (boy, trapped in second floor bedrooms, burned to death early today in a fire that quickly consumed their two-story frame home. The dead were Dorothy Harris, 17; Raymond, 6, a brother; Margaret, 4, sister; and Ann Finkbiener, 20, of Newark, a cousin who came to take charge of the household after the children's mother died several months ago. The only one to escape from the second floor was a brother, Robert, 15, who responded to cries from his father, George Harris, 55, one-legged ipainter who slept downstairs. The father, distraught by the tragedy, told how, aroused by the flames he seized a chair as a prop for his amputated leg and hobbled to the stairway to waken the others. Soon he and Robert were forced to leave the home. Outside a third son, Edward, 21, had come home to find the building ablaze. The father restrained both sons from trying to enter the dwelling. WEATHER Weather Forecast Lower Michigan: Mostly cloudy and somewhat colder tonight along' Lake Michigan; shlowers early tonight in extreme east portion. Cloudy and somewhat colder Wednesday. Detroit ana Vicinity: Mostly cloudy with showers early tonight; Wednesday partly cloudy to cloudy and somewhat colder; mostly fresh southwest winds, becoming northwest Wednesday. The sun sets today at 5:19 p. m. and rises Wednesday at 7:14 a. m. .The moon rises Wednesday morning at 4:00 a. m. Temperature at const guard station for 24 hours ending at 7 n. m.: Maximum 49, minimum 43, REDS OBSERVE ANNIVERSARY OE SOVIETS Celebration Takes on Added Importance Because of War in Europe (By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS) | Soviet Russia's revolutionary | anniversary celebration, marked | today by parading troops, guns and planes, took on added importance this year because three major European powers are locked in war. The stalemated conflict between Germany and the British- French allies gives Moscow greater weight in swinging the balance of European power and consequently other nations have paid closer attention to words spoken during the three-day celebration. The Soviet war commissar, Marshal Klementi Voroshiloff, reviewing his forces in Red square, said Russia "must be prepared" though neutral. The Communist International—organized in Moscow to spread Communism throughout the world—observed the anniversary with a manifesto urging workers of Britain and France to halt the war. Premier Molotoff struck a keynote Monday night when he predicted the overthrow of capitalism and inferentially invited the masses in foreign countries to work toward that end. United States Communists celebrated by adopting a new party policy which drops the "popular front" technique of Released to Britain by Embargo Repeal Tarpaulined airplanes, minus their wings, are loaded on lighters at Floyd Bennett Airport, N. Y., for shipment to Staten Island where they are transferred to vessels bound for Europe. Signing of embargo repeal by President Roosevelt started these planes and hundreds of others on the way to Britain and the Western Front. Praise Heaped On Woman Who Picketed CIO Union co-operating with other leftist DETROIT, Ntov. 7.—(/P)—Mrs. Clara Schindler, the 47-year-old housewife who went into action alone Monday in an effort to end an industrial dispute which has thrown 100,000 persons out of work, received congratulations by mail and telephone today. Mrs. Schindler appeared on the picket line at Chrysler corpora- organizations to fight Fascism. Russia's negotiations with Finland over Soviet territorial de-| turn's main Dodge plant with an mands halted during the Rus- armful of signs urging the United Auto Workers union (CIO) to "Be American" and "Don't listen to Russian propaganda." sian holiday. The Finns imposed mail, telephone and telegraph censorship waiting resumption of Moscow talks. there be a Santa Glaus this Christmas." Another read: "Chrysler gave you work and a bonus—the CIO took them away." Mrs. Schindler said she fought hard to keep her placards, "but what was one woman to do against those gorillas?" She managed to connect for "a couple of good healthy blows,"' however, she related. Pilot Is Rescued but Observer Is Missing in Honolulu Accident Her signs were taken away from her by pickets, she told po- A sudden visit by King Leopold j lice Chief ^Barney ' Nowicki of r r\ a fJai m n >•> rr •*•/-» *in c\*-»»ATji/il.__ . . ,*•' . _ . of the Belgians to Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands a- rpused widespread interest since both of the countries have suffered from the war and fear even greater trouble. There were suggestions that the two nations might be trying to reconcile their foreign policies in the face of war. Both have suffered from the British-French blockade aimed at Germany and both fear the Nazis may invade their soil as a short cut to Northern France and the channel ports. A spectacular aerial dogfight was reported Monday night by the French, who asserted that nine of 27 German raiders had been downed. Retailing School Hamtramck. She reported also that her hands were bruised and that she lost $5 from her purse during the melee. "The Hamtramck police wanted me to prosecute, but I'm not going to," she said. "The poor fellows who attacked me were only doing what they were told to do and I feel sorry for them." Mrs. Schindler, mother of a Chrysler employe, said she had "always minded her own business" but could not restrain herself when she "thought of what a sad Christmas this would be for thousands of innocent little children." One of her placards said: "CIO unfair to babies—Will To Exhume Body to Open Tonight I of Murder Victim Registrations were still coming in today for the opening session of a six weeks' course on "Effective Selling," due to start at Ludington high school at 7:30 o'clock tonight. The course, in addition to merchants and salespeople, is open to anyone in Mason county. Joseph Vincent Gehring, widely-known retailer and long experienced in selling, has been .secured as principal speaker. Anyone interested in the course who has not yet registered is asked to be present at the high school tonight. for the is $1. series Registration fee of six meetings MT. CLEMENS, Nov. 7.—(/P) —The Ibody of Mrs. Herbert Patterson, slain Oct. 26 at her St. Clair Shores home, will be exhumed Wednesday at Three Rivers. Decision to unearth the body was made today after a conference between Macomb County Prosecutor Ivan A. Johnston and Dr. LeMoyne Snyder, state ipolice medico-legal expert. Meanwhile a searching party of more than 100 school children combed wooded areas near the Patterson residence for possible evidence that would help solve the mysterious stabbing. Tax Experts Wrestling With New State Levy LANSING, Nov. 7.— <#•)— Tax experts wrestled today with puzzling problems presented by the state's new intangible tax law. A concrete example: Mr. Jones owns a $1,000 stock certificate for 11 months, then sells it to Mr. Smith in the 12th month, and Mr. Smith receives the annual dividend earned by the share of stock. Who pays the intangible property tax on the stock? Does Mr. Jones have to pay eleven-twelths of the tax, and Mr. Smith one-twelth, or must both of them pay it in full? That was one of the puzzlers tackled at a conference Monday between the state tax commission and spokesmen for investors and the investment business. If anyone had the right answer, he didn't make himself Rudolph F. Brefin Is Struck by Switch Engine on Monday Afternoon Funeral services will be held Thursday at 2 p. m. from Dorrell chapel for Rudolph F. Brefin, 509 First street, who was killed Monday afternoon in an accident in the east yards of the Pere Marquette Railway Co. No eye-witnesses have been found but it is believed Mr. Bre- fin, enroute across the tracks to his home, was struck by a switch engine. The engine crew, of which Albert Benson was engineer and A. L. Prefontaine conductor, discovered the accident when they halted to throw a switch, Mr. Brefin's ibody toeing found between the tracks ahead of the engine. Members of the crew reported none of them had seen the accident, stating that their first knowledge of its occurrence came when they halted at the switch. Physicians were summoned but it is beljpved Mr. Brefin was killed instantly as he unwittingly walked into the path of the engine. Coroner George E. Dorrell, summoned to investigate, said no inquest will be held. The accident occurred about 2:45 p. m. Monday in the railway yards near Mr. Brefin's home. The train crew reported the engine was proceeding west at the time at a speed of about six miles an hour. Born in isasit, Switzerland, Oct. 25, 1860, Mr. Brefin had HONOLULU, Nov. 7.—(/P)—A naval observation plane burst into flames in diving practice and crashed into the sea off Barber's point - today. The observer was missing but his • cOiripaniori -was' saved. The .plane was from the Aircraft Carrier Enterprise. 'The pilot, picked up by a naval crash boat after he had managed to stay afloat 40 minutes, was Lieut. Junior Grade W. R. Wallis. He suffered only slight burns about the face and forearms. The observer was identified as Chief Aviationists' Mate W. IT. Rhodes of San Diego, Calif. The crash occurred about 11:45 a. m. Monday Wallis said from his bed at Pearl Harbor naval hospital. After the plane caught fire he climbed out on the left wing and told the observer to "jump!" Wallis said his foot slipped and he was blown from the plane at an altitude of about 1,000 feet. He paracuted safely to the surface and was pick- KEY ISSUES PUT FORWARD BY LEADERS Administration Serves Notice It Will Demand Expanded Defense Program WASHINGTON, Nov. 7.—(/P)— National defense, farm legislation and renewal of the reciprocal trade program were put forward today by some Congressional leaders as key issues in the 1940 session. The administration already has served notice that it would request an expanded defense program when Congress meets in January. The idea found quick support—and a measure of criticism—from members of both major* parties. Plans for a new system of'agri- ultural banks, drought relief, and liberalized c,rop benefits were among the farm proposals. The reciprocal trade law Under fire in the Senate during : the special session, was criticized today by Rep. Martin of Massachu- sets, the Republican House leader. He said he had been promised Democratic backing ,in an effort to terminate the act, expiring in June, under which th6 state department has negotiated trade treaties with a score of countries. Before leaving the capital for home, Martin called the trade program an "attempt to circumvent congressional control over tariffs." ' He said that House Republicans would be "agreeable to voting for defense funds if 'they don't try to work in phoney appropriations to try pump-priming under that guise." ' •'•" Congressional sources have said that the defense program would be financed by continued borrowing rather than by : new taxes. There has been some seri- .timent for reducing other expenditures in order to prevent defense costs from sending the treasury too deeply into the red. Senator Norris, (Ind-Neb), an administration supporter, said today he was not convinced that an expansion of the defense forces was necessary. Senator McNary of Oregon, the Republican leader, told reporters that national defense measures would be the most important issues at the next session. He predicted that the existing farm subsidy program would be continued for another iyear. ed up patrol boats. 40 minutes later by the plane 25P8 and crash Life and Travels of a Hummingbird lived in Ludington about 35| m jg ra t, e years. He had also lived in New Orleans, La.; Milwaukee,) Wis.; Grand Rapids and Detroit. He 1901, to Melville B. ,McPherson, of Lowell, chairman of the commis- sion, called on persons who will be subject to the tax to prepare their idea of hc",y it should be interpreted at another conference Nov. 20. "There seems to be general confusion concerning the interpretation of some provisions," McPherson said. "We should have an understanding. The law directs that the commission establish rules for uniform collection of the tax, and we are giving the taxpayers an opportunity to be heard first." McPherson said enforcement of the tax law wiil require a comprehensive interpretation that will permit taxing authorities to solve unusual problems with a minimum of effort, and assure that the tax is levied uniformly throughout the state. He said he and spokesmen at the meeting agreed that the tax law should be revised as quick- „ ly as possible to remove amtaigui- flammable; material ties and inequalities. its construction. was married Sept. 5, Miss Elizabeth Geil. Surviving are the widow and two daughters, Mrs. Evelyn Hoffman of this city and Mrs. Lillian Duane of Detroit. Mrs. Hoffman, who had left Ludingtdn Sunday to visit her sister in Detroit, returned with Mrs. Duane Monday evening. Services will toe held at Dorrell chapel at 2 p. m. Thursday, Rev. Paul Haskell Clark officiating. Burial will be in Lakeview cemetery. The body was taken to the Dorrell Funeral home where it will remain until the services. The typical Mexican home is virtually fireproof for practically no wood or other in' ' ' goes into PITTSBURGH, Nov. 7.—(/P)— A timid little awl-billed bird flew the airlines back to Detroit today, saved by chance from what might have been its doom instead of an intended haven. A Pennsylvania Central Airlines employe who found the tiny creature shivering in a Detroit filling station Monday took it to be a humming bird which the Detroit zoo said certainly should •have left for tropical Brazil two months ago. Twentieth century transportation was decided upon to enable the handful of feathers to catch up with nature. Three big airlines hurriedly arranged to transport the bird to South America. Photographers rushed to the , airport here to take pictures of j the first hummingbird ever to j plane. A nature study class assembled quickly for a glimpse of the prize. Then after the bird continued toward Washington, development of photographs disclosed the hummingbird wasn't that at all. Naturalists said it was a brown creeper, native of the north, and predicted it would fall victim to a heat stroke in South America. This news resulted in the migration by plane ending at Washington where the strange passenger in its cardboard box was transferred to a Detroit bound ship. TO m FIRiE DRILL FATAL GREENVILLE, Nov. 7.— (ff>)— Thayne McFarland, 16, fell dead in a classroom of the Greenville high school Monday following' a fire drill. Dr. Harry B. Weaver, the coroner, said the youth had died of a heart attack. .. WASHINGON, Nov. 7.—(/P)— Broadening of the federal income tax base, thereby increasing the number of small taxpayers, will be considered by the House tax committee during a study, starting today, of the nation's tax problems. A well-informed source said, however, that any consideration of rates and bases must await Information, not now available, from the budget bureau on how much money the treasury will need for such items as the rapidly expanding national defense program. Treasury reports of expected revenue increases resulting from current business improvement also appeared to be a factor in anv sweeping changes the committee may recommend. Committee members, too, were known to have discussed informally the possible effects on the 1940 election campaign of any tax law changes. John W. Hanes, undersecretary of the treasury, and a staff of aides were called to attend the initial study session of the 10- man committee, headed by Rep. Cooper (D-Tenn). Without optical aid only 1.500 star are visible at onetime to the human eye. Moonlight or a slight haze will obscure half of them. CENSORSHIP AND INDEPENDENCE News from warring nations is subject to strict censorship. It may sometimes be misleading. It is the right and duty of every American citizen to do his own thinking, hold to his own beliefs and not permit himself or his country to become a vio* tint of emotionalism o* propaganda. < - ' THE NEWS.
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