1, * FOUJf tRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JULY 29,1963. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Dally Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Llnwood !. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Greek Crisis It is both unpleasant and probtibly unfair that supporters of Geonre Papandroon, the ousted premier oi Greece, should shout slogans attacking President Johnson and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. But the tumult is H valuable reminder that something more than n domestic political crisis is involved. Papandreou, \vho became premier in November 1963 after an upset election victory, \vas fired by King Constantine II on July 15. The central issue was Papandreou's demand that the King dismiss the Minister of National Defense. Papandreou proposed to take over the portfolio. The former premier's son, Andreas Papancl- ruous. a former American fiti/.cn and a member of parliament, has been accused of and has denied being "mixed up" in some way with a secret left-wing group in the Greek army. The elder Papandreou is supposed to have wanted to purge another, right-wing group iu the army. King Constantine replaced Papandreou with George Athanassiades-Novas. an elderly poet and fellow member of the Center Union party- Parliament is about to vote on whether the new premier Will stay in power. Papandreou predicts a popular revolt if Athanassiades-Nova should win the confidence vote. If he does not, the alternatives are new elections or Papau- dreou's return to office at Constantino's summoning. Novas has the implicit support of the NATO powers. An American observer puts it this way: "They don't want Papandreou. They believe he is too soft in his dealings with the left, dis- h'ke his efforts to build trade with the Soviet bloc, and criticize him for having had an inefficient regime during his 17 months in office." Street demonstrations have made clear that Papandreou is favored by the Greek working class. Despite Papandreou's legitimate claim to be an anti-Communist much of the tumult is organized and led, unfortunately, by identifiable leftists. Also involved in the present dispute is a question of constitutionality. Papandreou holds that the King in firing him overstepped the powers of the monarchy. Four plebiscites have be'en held in Greece in this century on the question of "Monarchy or Republic." Constitutional monarchy has won out on three occasions, most recently in 1946. when King George II was recalled to the throne after voluntary exile during World War II. But street crowds now denounce Queen Mother Freclerika, who is held to be influencing Constantine. The United States has an investment of treasure and principle in Greece. Postwar aid totals more than S3 billion and is greatly responsible for a 74 per cent increase in gross national product in the 1950s. And it was the Truman Doctrine of militarily underwriting Greece and Turkey that stopped the westward encroachment of communism in Europe. There remains a considerable reservoir of goodwill for the United States in Greece. The younger Papandreou in his campaign for par- liament said he found his "Americanness" a "fantastic benefit" among the voters. The clash between his 77-year-old father, the "old fox" of Greek politics, and the strong-willed 25- year-old King Constantine can only be an embarrassment to Americans who wish for Greece stability and equilibrium. Congress Takes Look at Itself In the midst of one of the most crowded schedules of any peacetime Congress, that body found time to begin major examination of its organization and operation—the first in 20 years and only the second in its history. Tin's was the Joint Committee On the Organization of the Congress, set up in May ol this year. Like its counterpart in 1945, the committee is expected to come up -with a list of much-needed reforms. None of them, however, according to one lawmaker, will be verv fundamental or far-reaching. The reason, charges Sen. Joseph S. Clark. Democrat from Pennsylvania, is that the present committee is laboring under the same prohibition as its predecessor: It may not recommend reforms regarding the rules, parliamentary procedures, practices or precedents of either house. "Trying to reform the Congress without revising and modernizing its rules and procedures," says Clark, "is like trving to cure a patient ill with appendicitis without operating. It cannot be done." Some kind of drastic surgery is needed, he says, if Congress is to regain the capacity for prompt and effective action it must have to meet the challengers of the modern world. The senator sees a world-wide historic trend, marked by the progressive gravitation of governmental power and initiative away from legislative into executive branches. The American development of this tread has witnessed the increasingly negative role of Congress ami the impairment of its power to act postiviely. At the present time, the productivity of Congress is so high that we tend to ignore the creakings and groanings in its internal machinery, he says, But this good record is due chiefly to two factors: A President whose skills in dealing with Congress are unprecedented, and the overwhelming Democratic majorities in both houses resulting from the Goldwater debacle. In Clark's view, it is precisely because of these two factors that the time for congressional reform is now, lest the legislative branch decline into being nothing more than a rubber stamp or, at the opposite extreme, a roadblock. Considering how many kids murder the language, we wonder why they're called grammar schools. To forge ahead is a worthy ambition as long as it's not done on checks. Shutting off the alarm clock is the latest way to get to work. Clash Between Beauty, Comfort (Copyright UBS, King F«»tur«i iyndicaU, lne.» By John Chamberlain Both major political parties seem to have agreed on the desirability of a Great Society, federally supported and socially secured by pay-roll check-offs. So this should bring an end to controversy. The truth of the matter, however, is that controversy is only beginning. For one thing, there is going to be a big struggle over whether the Great Society should exist on a beauty standard or a comfort standard. The beauty standard people are now having' their innings. They want to abolish overhead transmission wires in the green countryside. They are against the use of coal and oil to make electric power, for coal and oil create noxious fumes that pollute the atmosphere to the point where merely breathing in New York or Chicago for 24 hours is equivalent to smoking two packs of cigarets a day. They want to keep factories from dumping in streams, and they want to pump the dirty water out of Lake Erie and fill the place up again with clean water that will support self-respecting fish. Well, this columnist has nothing against the beauty standard. He would like to live in a world in which everything looks like the Grand Tetons or the gardens at Versailles. But life is a compromise and there are points where the beauty standard and the comfort standard clash head-on. I became acutely aware of this the other day when I took some problems to a friend who works for a big power company. He was in a lugubrious "you can't win" mood. A little old lady in tennis shoes had scarified him for wanting to run some high-tension wires across the landscape in full view of her house. He tried to explain to the little old lady that the business, or putting those wires underground from a power plant at the coal mine mouth to the big cities of the East Coast would make the land look like a strip mine operation for months on end and would raise the cost of electricity to the point where people would have to go back to candles and coal oil lamps. Would toe little old lady like that? Taking pf * compromise that might suit the little old lady, my friend said the b.eauty criterion might be met if electricity were to be generated in cities by atomic power. Oh,, no, said the little old lady; that would be too dangerous, and besides, where are you going to dump all the radioactive wastes? And coal and oil burned in the city would give everybody emphysema. At this point my power company friend thought we might all be better off if we were to go back to the cave. Only there aren't enough caves to go around. Most of us want beauty without going back to the days of the coal oil lamp, which was- i.'t so beautiful, after all. The fact that the beauty standard quarrels with the comfort standard in everyone of us in varying degrees means the beginnings of a new politics, not the cessation of all politics Oh, we are going to see some bitter fights! Those chemical companies that pollute the streams make things which people want. Can we afford to add the cost of clear streams, into the price of chemicals? How much are Cleveland and Toledo willing to pay for purging Lake Erie? If anyone can give us a line on problems like these, we'll begin to know something about the contours of phase two cf the Great Society. It's too bad that the issue of beauty versus comfort is going to become bone and tissue ol our politics. For there is no guarantee that our rulers will be adepts of the fine arts or respecters of the right of individuals to form their own tastes. It is said that Augustus Caesar found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble. But the Romans who came after Augustus felt themselves stifled by the sterile pomp 6f an officially beautified capital. Pericles spent a lot of money on beautifying ancient Athens. But Pericles dtaintd the individual Athenians of their will, and what happened to Greece after his passing is a lesson for all of us. As for me, I'd like to see some improvement in the small society. I wish the lout who used Ids knife to girdle one of my trees the other day would go back to school and study sonle-. thing about tree physiology How are you go- •'• ing to get a Great Society in a world full of ghouls? Latins Are Lousy Lovers! Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — The best way to be a presidential candidate evidently is to appear not to be one. That's the paradoxical lesson which national politics has taught over the years. Hence, in declaring he "will not be a candidate in the next presidential election," Governor Rockefeller of New York may be said to have made the wisest statement possible for someone In his position. For it may do more to get him the Republican presidential nomination some Say than anything he has done thus far. The strategy is not new and has been effective on more than one occasion. The late Adlai Stevenson, when governor of Illinois, tried it in the preconven- tion days of 1952 on the Democratic side and won the presidential nomination, o t> o Back in 1916, Charles Evans Hughes, as a Supreme Court justice, couldn't campaign or even Issue statements of a generalized character, but he was the most talked-about man in the Republican party in the months preceding the Republican National Convention. He was nominated despite his declarations that he was not a presidential candidate and had no intention of doing anything to bring about his own nomination. In the preconvention per i o d , however, leaders in the Republican Party had urged the draft of Mr. Hughes, even though there was some fear that, if he were nominated, he wouldn't accept. This correspondent recalls writ- Ing of a visit to Washington by ex-President William Howard Taft on May 16, 1916, and excerpts from the dispatch follow: "Realizing the extraordinary sentiment for a man who has made no campaign, who has not sought the nomination, but whose high character and record as governor of New York bear him steadily onward as the logical choice of the party, Mr. Taft thinks that the selection of Hughes is almost a certainty. . . o t> a "Mr. Taft authorized no statement while he was here. But in the not-far-distant future, it may fall to him to remove the doubts of skeptical Republicans as to whether or not Justice Hughes should accept if nominated. If the rm.n who put Hughes on the bench thinks the justice ought to heed the call of higher duty, that certainly should have great weight with the justice himself." The Republican Party in 1916 had experienced the worst split in its history. For, unlike 1964 when the split was merely a defection from support of Senator Goldwater by some leading Republicans and no corresponding pledge to vote the Democratic presidential nominee, there had been in 1912 a third party under former President Theodore Roosevelt which actually polled more votes than the regular Republican nominee, William Howard Taft. Mr. Hughes in 1916 seemed to be the best possible harmonizer of discordant e 1 e- ments in the party. 6*6 Governor Rockefeller has stated that ho plans to be a harmoniz- er. He speaks of, the "scars" of the 1964 campaing and the necessity of healing them. He recognizes, by implication, that the Goldwater block has to be given at least respectful treatment in party councils, for it does represent a sizeable number of Republican votes. There Is more, however, .to Mr. Rockefeller's strategy than .the .uniting of his party for the next presidential' contest in 1968. He himself has to win reelection to the governorship of New York State in 1966. If he were defeated, he would certainly be eliminated from consideration for a presidential nomination two years later. It's important, too. for him to assure the voters of New York State that he isn t going to be diver ted from a concentration on the problems of the state. It's necessary also for him to give the impression that he means to serve out his four-year term in Albany if he wins re-election. A draft movement for the 1968 nomination, therefore, would not be attributable to his activities, a a o Governor Rockefeller may even be thinking in terms of 1972 as the time he might possibly get the big prize. By then, some of the obstacles he faced in 1964 may not really be as important as they seemed to The National Whirligig llUltaMd h» UoCloM N«wip»e*t iynrtloiUl be last year. His 64th birthday would be at convention time. Six men have been inaugurated president of the United States at | the age of 60 or over, and President Eisenhower was 66 when re-elected in 1956. Some newspaper reports spoke of Mr. Rockefeller's declaration on television on Sunday as a "Sherman-like" statement. But General Sherman said: "If nominated, I will not accept; if elected, I will not serve." Nothing so explicit or final has come from the lips of any possib 1 e presidential nominee since those days. So, if Governor Rockefe 1 e r acts like a man who rea 11 y isn't trying to get a presidential nomination, he may wind up with it just the same. Everything will depend on how successful he is in producing the very "consensus" that brings about a "draft" that is really a draft. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) ,By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Ailing citizens who pay through the nose lor. drugs to keep them alive, have a right to smell a rat in the drug industry's latest d e • fiance of the people's government. in a move that Is at least suspicious, the Pharmaceutic a 1 Manufacturers A s s o c 1 a t Ion (PMA) and 41 individual drug companies are contesting in the courts a Food and Drug Administration demand for periodic reports on all drugs cleared before a new and more stringent law was enacted In 1862. The druggists claim the check Is unnecessary and expensive. Well, Mrs. Balderdash, it may be expensive but I do not buy the proposition that any examination of medicines used on human beings Is unnecessary. There have been too many 1 n- stances in this miracle drug era of patients dying quite dead because they took the wrong drug. These deaths, of course, have caused the drug Industry considerable anguish, but its expressions of sympathy have not brought the victims back to life. » 6 a HOLDING BACK FACTS — Now the FDA has screened 1,029 drugs originally cleared under the old law and has determined that it needs reports on the safety of 280 of them. The list includes two sulfa drugs whose labeling has been outdated since the mid-1940's, a c cording to FDA Commissioner George P. Larrick. But the drug association has advised its member-companies not to provide the data pending settlement of the court suit. This Is pretty high-handed action by an industry whose product is a llfe-and-death matter for its customers. It sems to me the issue is not whether the drugs are "old" or "new," but whether they are safe and or effective under their new labels. The Washington Scene By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (NEA) —Viet Nam is like any place else. If you want to catch a fox, then set a fox to get him. Down in the southern part of Viet Nam, near the city of Ca Mau, two of us ran across a tough, wily village chief who'd run away as a youth and fought for years as a Viet Minn and Viet Cong guerrilla. He'd gotten fed up with Communist methods and come home. But he'd lost none of his fighting ability. He'd built his hamlet security forces centered on a tough little group of young men in their twenties. They didn't fight the Viet Cong in conventional ways. They didn't chase all over looking for guerrillas. They didn't sit back behind barbed wire and barricades and wait for an attack. Each day some of his v i 1 lagers would go out and nose around among their relati v e s and friends in neighboring hamlets and towns. They listened to eyes open for strangers and for the relatives of villagers they knew had joined the Reds, and if they found them, engaged them in idle conversation. They picked up rumors, noticed little things like which young men sympathetic to the Viet Cong were away. By adding the bits and pieces together, this hamlet chief kept track of where the Viet Cong were operating and what they were planning next. He almost always knew when the V.C. were planning to raid his hamlet and how they would attack. Quietly his men would set up ambushes. "You know," he told us. "the V.C. are suckers for ambushes. You'd think with all their ambushing they'd know better. But Iron wood Daily Globe Published evening!, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1819, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1931; Ironwood Times acquired May 23', 1948.1 Second class postal* paid at Ironwood, Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is •ntltltd «x- clusively to U>« us* (or republeatton of all the loc*l news printed In this newspaper, as well as all AJP news dls- oateheg. Member oi American Newspaper Publishers Association, lateramerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Pr«u Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 00.. miles—per year, $9; six months,. J5j' 'three months, $3; one month, $1 50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and location* where carrier service Is- maintained,' 'Elsewhere—per year, S18; one month. $1.50. AJ) mail subscriptions payable in advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance) by the week, 40 cents. they fall right into traps like green recruits." "Note -i- He booby trapped the possible invasion paths h e didn't have the manpower t o cover with his ambushes.) The moral of this tale Is simple. There are in South Viet Nam tens of thousands of able men who fought as Viet Minh in the successful guerrilla wars against the French. Many of these men, still young, were officers in Ho's armies. -Moving around South Viet Nam, a reporter meets men who served as captains, majors and even colonels in Ho's Viet Minh. One day, while having lunch with several Vietnamese newspapermen, one disclosed he'd been chief of staff of one of Ho's armies in northern Laos years ago These men are loyal Vietnamese. They're not Communists. They were fighting as nationalists against the French and quit after South Viet Nam was set up or when, they d i s- covered the Beds wanted to control the country. These men know Ho's strategy and tactics. They're old hands at guerrilla fighting. Few are being used in this war in positions of responsibility. Yet who could better outwit the Viet Cong? There are some men now working in the Pentagon o n ways to shake out the rigidity in the Vietnamese army system that effectively bars the use of these men. But don't count on a quick solution. Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Thursday, July 29, the 210th day of 1965. There are 155 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history:. On this date in 1914, the Cape Cod Canal was opened. Providing an inland passage for convoys heading into the Atlantic, it saved countless lives in World War II. On this date In 1778, a French fleet arrived at Newport, R.I. In 1883, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini 'was born. in 1899, the United states signed the Hague convention, creating a world Court of Arbitration. In 1914, the first tranpcontt- nental telephone line, between New York and San Francisco, was successfully tested, In 1945, the.,new British/prime minister, Clement 1 Attlee, replaced Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference. ' • Ten years ago — The'White House announced approval of a I do not wish the Industry to test these drugs on me the next time I have a bellyache b • cause gravstones come high. ft ft 6 A MATTER OF PRICE — Speaking of expense. I do not believe proper testing will bankrupt the drug industry. Most of Us little pills command whopping prices, and Its business Is on a cash-and-carry basis which eliminates poor credit risks. Happily for the pillpushers, a man does not haggle over the price when the doc tells him he needs a drug to stay alive. Somebody should, though-possibly the FDA or some trust- busting agency. A friend who fortunately has made his pile Is spending $40 a month on pills deemed necessary to his c o n - tlnued good health after a bladder operation. A prescriptio n for anything stronger than a s- plrln these days will set the patient back a small bundle, and in too many cases the cost of drugs is higher than the doctor's fee. * * * WANTS ON-JOB I N SPEC- TIONS — But what I want most Is drugs that are guaranteed to be safe, and C o m - mlssioner Larrick has come up with a suggestion that could achieve that mlllennl u m . He wants to station inspectors in plants manufacturing the more important drugs to make certain that purity is maintained. Under the present syst« m , the FDA is forced to rely primarily on the firms themselves for such monitoring, since FDA inspectors visit the average drug house only once every two years. Self-policing in industry is always more desirable, o f course, but there have been hints that the drug industry's cops are too casual for the public's comfort. Sad experience has shown that a pill these days can be as lethal as a gun, and often costs more. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — The sinews of American might — steel, nonferrous metals, oil, chemicals — are performing at top form. Major companies in these fields are reporting peak production and sales. And most of them are flexing their profits. With few exceptions, the basic suppliers to American industry are reporting impressive gains in net Income in the second quarter of 1965 compared with the like period of 1964. This maintains the spread that brightened the first three months of this year. In the three months just ended steel companies translated record shipments into profit program to launch earth-circling satellites as part of the International geophysical year. Five years ago — The U.N. Disarmament Commission chairman, Dr. Luis Padlllo Nervo, asked the 82 commission members if they would agree to a meeting in Geneva on Aug. 15. One year ago—U.N. Secretary General U Thant and Soviet Premier Niklta Khrushchev conferred in Moscow on U.N. finances, Asia and disarmament. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 70, low 66. . . .Rainfall totaling .75 of an inch fell In heavy showers starting about 6:30 this morning. The rain storm this morning was the third heavy rainfall In a week, although it was the smallest. A rainfall of 1.03 inches was recorded Tuesday night and 1.25 Inches fell last Friday. . . .The Bessemer Little League All- Stars defeated the Ely L1111 e League All-Stars, Ely, Minn., 10 in a thrilling, fast moving game last night at the Stelger Little League Field. Alphonse Leuzzo Jr., pitcher for the Bes- semerites, was the hero of the battle. 80 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 77, low 57. . . .The Ramsay softball team won the championship of the league for the first half of play as the result of a tie playoff stage Sunday morning at Massie field, Bessemer, the Ramsayites d e - featlng the Bessemer F1 r emen by a score of 5 to 12 ... .The Upper Peninsula Firemen's tournament will be held at Houghton this year, it will begin Wednesday, August 1. Timely Quotes If the Soviet Union wants to participate in escalating the wfcr, I'm tearful they'll have to take the consequences. ~Rep\ Gerald Ford, House R6- pupliean leader, urging that Soviet' missile bases in North Viet Nam be bombed. ' I bejleve that In the next two decades the problem of overcoming hunger and poverty will be a greater threat to world peace than the bomb, —The Rev. Dr. j. Harry Halnes, a Methodist missionary. figures to delight stockholders. Among those reporting so far: U.S. Steel netted $81 million, up $20.3 million from the $60.7 million in the 1964 second quarter; Republic $24.4 million up from 17.7 million; National, $24.4 million from $20.6 million) Armco, $24 million from 18 million. Producers of nonferrous metals and their products also have been prospering on increased demand, fed both by the business boom and war threats. Kennecott Copper reports second quarter profits of 27.9 million against $21.5 million a year ago; Magma Copper $4.6 million against $4.5 million. Aluminum Co. of America compares a $22.4 million second quarter with a year ago figure of $16.9 million. Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical reports $11 million this year against $7.5 million last. And Reynolds Metals has a $15-mllllon second quarter this year against a $9- milllon one in 1964. Oil profits have been flowing freely, thanks to steadily growing civilian and military use. Ahead this April-June quarter over last year are: Gulf Oil, $104 million, up $13 million over the year ago figure; Socony Mobil, $78 million, up by $7.5 million; Shell, 80.4 million, up by 13.8 million; Indiana Standard, $49.4 million, up by $5.6 million; Phillips, 34 million, up by $3.6 million; Cities Service, $24.2 million, up by 7.4 million or 43 per cent; Sun Oil, 20 million, up by $5 million; Sinclair, $17 million, up by $7.6 million. Most chemicals show second quarter gains this year. But the largest, Du Pont, shorn of its GM stock dividends now, trails by $2.39 a share in 1965 against $2.61 a year ago. Ahead are: Union Carbide, with $57 million In this year's second quarter against $45 million in 1984; Monsanto, $38.8 million against $35.3 million; Dow, 30 million against $27.7 million) Allifid $24 million against $23 million; Olin Ma- thleson, 16 million against $13.5 million. Will the gains continue the rest of the year? Steel companies say even some slackening couldn't spoil 1965's final figures. Oil concerns see conditions still Improving. Chemicals express confidence in the rest of the year. Viet Nam holds uncertainties but few threats for most companies — these suppliers to civilian industry also service the military. A Daily Thought Be watchful, stand firm in your faith, be courageous, be strong.—I Cor: 16:J3 . The future belongs, to the young, the adventurous, but they must have the courage and initiative to reach out and grasp It, and then the willingness to retain it.—Alfred P Sloan, former president of General Motors. Hawthorne observed that all of New England's old dwellings are "so invariably possesssed with spirits that the matter hardlys seems worth alludi n g to,"
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