Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 22, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, July 22, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LIV Associated Press and United Presi Full Letse Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 22, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One uiiiir ~ . No. 245 ADA Accuses Wallace Party Calls Group Soviet Policy Instrument Philadelphia, (U.R) — Some of Henry Wallace's former political associates accused his new party Thursday of being "an instrument of soviet policy." They challenged it "to declare its independence of communism." The charge and challenge was voiced by the new deal Americans for Democratic Action \vhi,ch is composed in large part of onetime Roosevelt administration colleagues of Wallace who no longer see eye to eye with him politically. Open Convention The Wallace party opens its first and founding national convention here Friday night. It will christen itself, nominate Wallace and Son. Glen Taylor for president and vice president, and adopt a platform calling for public ownership of key industries, peace with Russia, federal price controls and rationing of scarce goods. The ADA views were offered to the new party's platform committee, headed by former new deal brain truster Rexford Guy Tug- i well, a day after Wallace heatedly protested the indictment in New York of 12 top American communists. Accuse Reds The government accused the communists of advocating violent overthrow of the American government, a charge they deny. Wallace asserted in a statement released here that the indictment foreshadowed "attacks on other minority groups." He said it was "timed to silence opposition to new turns in the bi- party, get-tough foreign policy." Its purpose, Wallace said, is to divert "Americans who are complaining about mounting inflation, the stupid bungling in Berlin and other problems." The ADA, headed by former new deal price administrator Leon Henderson, called on the Wallace party to endorse the European recovery plan, which Soviet Russia is fighting. Devvey Will Make Foreign Policy Issue Pawling, N". Y., (U.R) — Gov. Thomas E. Dewey has decided to make the nation's foreign policy major issue in his campaign, for the presidency, it was learned eliably Thursday. The republican presidential candidate is keeping in close ouch with developments abroad through John Foster Dulles, his adviser on international affairs. And he is constantly seeking the views of republican leaders. Harold E. Stassen, who fought Dewey's nomination, discussed he "grave" Berlin situation with lim at Quaker Hill Wednesday. They agreed that the problem must be handled with "great care and skill." Dewey said he and Stassen talked about what action America should take, but details were 'open to further discussion." Stassen agreed with the New York governor's views. He said ;he entire Berlin problem was the result of agreements made by President Truman at Potsdam. Steps Finn Premier Out of Government Helsinki, Finland, (/P)—Premiei Mauno Pekkala resigned Thursday night. President Juho Paasikivi askec the government to remain in office until a new one is formed. He is expected to ask a socia democrat, probably former speaker of parliament K. A. Fagerholm to for/n a new cabinet. Pekkala belongs to the social union party. The reason for the resignation was not immediately given. In the recent parliamentary elections the Finnish communists lost considerable of their places. The ney parliament begins a session Fri day. GOP Leaders to Talk Over Farm Problems Washington, (#>)—Top republican congressional leaders on agriculture made plans Thursday to attend a conference on farm problems with Gov. Thomas E. Dewey at his home near Pawling, N. Y., Saturday. Chairman Hope (R-Kans.) of the house agriculture committee , and Senator Aiken (R-Vt.), a top- ranking member of the senate committee, expect to be there. Office staffs of the 2 men said they would go, along with about 100 other farm leaders and editors from all parts of the nation. Truman Says Peace Chances Excellent Reds Arrest 2 Americans in Berlin 1 U. S. Civilian Disappears From Zone; Probe Made Maries Efforts to Form Government Meet Obstacle Lewis Wants Suit Dropped Says Closed Shop Demand Not Illegal Washington, CU.P.)—John L. Lewis said Thursday there is nothing illegal in the United Mine Workers demand for a union shop in the captive" coal mines. He said that even though the 40,000 workers in these mines had not actually voted on the subject their recent one-week strike was "tacitly an approval of the union's request." Lewis asked the national labor relations board to dismiss an unfair labor practice charge filed against his union by the 10 steel companies who own . the captive mines. His request was contained in a formal motion filed with Trial Examiner William Ringer just before the start of public hearings on the charge. Sidney Barban, representing the board's general counsel, Robert N. Denham, opposed the motion. In levelling their "unfair practice" charge, the steel companies said that under the Taft-Hartley act Lewis had no right to demand a union shop because 51 per cent of the employes had not approved this action in an election supervised by the board. AP Wirephoto DEWEY, STASSEN CONFER—Harold E. Stassen (left), unsuccessful candidate for the republican nomination, and Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, G. 0. P. standard bearer, talk at Dewey's home in Pauling, N. Y., Wednesday. Dewey said they talked "at great length on the Berlin question." Another Communist Member Surrenders to Authorities Carolina Polio Toll to 830 Cases Raleigh, N. Car., (U.R) — The swelling toll in the North Carolina infantile paralysis epidemic shot to 830 cases for the year with 47 new victims reported to the state health department Thursday. A total of new cases for the day tied Wednesday's as 2nd heaviest of the year in the nation's most acute outbreak. The total for July jumped to 413 and one case from June made last month's total 290. Twenty-eight counties reported new cases for one of the most widespread listings this year. New York, (U.R)—Another mem- | ber of the 12-man governing body of the American communist party indicted by a federal grand jury promised to surrender Thursday and the FBI pressed a search for 3 others. Irving Potash, manager of the Furrier's Joint Council (CIO) and only union official who-is a member of the alleged "politburo" of American communists said he I would appear in federal court Thursday for arraignment. He has been on vacation in New England. Seek Thompson Federal agents still sought Robert Thompson, chairman of the New York state communist party; Gilbert Green of the Chicago district and Gus Hall, chairman of the communist party in Ohio. The 12-man national board was indicted under the Smith Act and charged with advocating the overthrow of the government by "force and violence." G Arrested Six of the defendants were arrested and arraigned here Tuesday. They included William Z. Foster, party chairman; Eugene Dennis, general secretary of thb party; New York City Councilman Benjamin Davis; John Williamson, Henry Winston and Jack Stachel. Another defendant, Carl Winter, chairman of the communist party in Michigan was taken into custody in Detroit and Wednesday John Gates, editor of the Daily Worker, surrendered in federal court here. Firms Raise Prices Companies Follow 9 Per Cent Pattern Pittsburgh, (U.R)—Steel mill wages and steel prices are rising all along the line Thursday. Basic steel producers are getting into line behind the U. S. Steel Corporation's higher wage and price pattern. Already, announced price increases will raise the nation's steel bill $350,000,000 annu&lly. Some of the country's biggest producers hiked their prices Wednesday after U. S. Steel coupled its 9 per cent wage increase with an 11.4 per cent price boost. Bethlehem Steel Corp., the 2nd largest producer; Republic Steel Corp., the 3rd; Armco Steel Corp., the 5th, and Great Lakes Steel Co., joined the "big steel" prico increase movement. BULLETIN Berlin, (U.R) — Soviet authorities Thursday night informed American officials that R. F. Goff, U. S, engineer from Altoona, Pa., was in jail at Mari- enbom charged with trying to evade a soviet check point in driving from Berlin to western Germany. Berlin, (U.R)—U. S. authorities asked the Russians Thursday for a report on an American civilian missing in the soviet zone for 48 hours and for an explanation of the arrest of 2 American military police who strayed into the soviet zone. Open Attack The Russians opened a propaganda attack on Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the U. S. military governor. They asserted he had been recalled to Washington to be "rebuked" for bringing on the Berlin crisis and to have his policy revised. R. E. Goff, a U. S. engineer, left Berlin by highway at 5:30 a. m. Tuesday to drive to western Germany. He made the 3-hour drive to the soviet check point near Helmstedt. There he presumably was turned back for lack of a "special visa" the Russians have demanded. No Arrival Goff never reached the American checkpoint on the outskirts of Berlin on the return journey. Examination of the records there showed an unexplained notation, "jailed by the Russians." U. S. guards at the checkpoint said they did not know" who wrote the cryptic note. The 2 military police were seized by soviet border guards when they apparently crossed into the soviet zone by mistake on the outskirts of the U. S. sector of Berlin. Paris, (U.R)—Premier-Designate Andre Marie's efforts to form a government were impeded Thursday by basic political differences between the socialists and his own radical socialists. Marie conferred with leaders of the socialists, who bolted the coalition government Monday and caused its overthrow, and with the popular republicans and independent republicans, Popular republican leaders said after the conference that no agreement could be reached on a financial program. The issue in the fall of Premier Robert Schuman's coalition cabinet was a proposed cue in the military budget. Discuss Problems The chief socialist leaders, Guy Mollet, Paul Ramadier and Charles Lussy, saw Marie. Mollet said they discussed "problems rather than personalities." Speculation circulated that Marie might replace Georges Bidault as foreign minister with Leon Blum. To Drop Teitgen Marie also hoped to drop armed forces Minister Henry Teitgen from the cabinet. Bidault has been unpopular with almost all French political elements except his own popular republican party since he approved the London agreement • on Germany. Teitgen has been under fire from Marie's own radical socialist party for his administration of the armed forces when the government of Premier Robert Schuman fell. Newspapers Forbidden to Publish Reports Reflecting on Arabs Beirut, Lebanon, (/P) —Newspapers were forbidden Thursday to publish news reflecting on the Arab league. The press bureau ordered them to eschew dispatches on differences within the Arab league and between 2 of its states about the cease fire; resignations of Arab states ministers and comments derogatory to the league or leaders of the member states. BIRTHS OFF 10 PER CENT Washington, (£>)—The office of vital statistics reports birth totals for 5 months of 1948 down 10 per cent from a year ago in Iowa and clown 8 per cent in Nebraska. Prospective Draftees Told Deferments Will Be Liberal Washington, (U.R) — Prospective draftees ,were assured Thursday that deferments will be more than liberal, especialy for the 25-year- olds. Selective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey said he expects fewer than one per cent of the nation's 1,200,000 25 year olds to be called up when inductions start about Oct. 1. Rules governing occupational deferments have yet to be determined. But Hershey said they will apply "with a lot more force" to men in the upper age brackets. In this way, he said, industry will not be hard hit. .He More Generous indicated that the overall deferment policy will be far more generous to registrants than it was In World War II. Under the new law, some 6,600,000 men in the 18-through-25 age bracket must register, beginning Aug. 30. Hershey said no draftees will be in uniform until Oct. 1- instead of Sept. 22 as originally planned. • He said that, because of defer- ments and exemptions, only about 600,000 men actually will be considered for induction. The army has estimated it will need from 225,000 to 250,000 men in the first year of the draft. May Volunteer Though the law exempts 18- year-olds from the draft, it provides that 161,000 may volunteer for a one-year hitch. By so doing, they will get out of the 21-month draft when they turn 19. Wednesday thousands of these youths besieged recruiting centers in an effort to take advantage of this offer. Many were accepted, but in more than one city, prospective volunteers found that the monthly quota for their area already was filled. Hershey advised unlucky 18-year-olds that their best bet is to get in line early when next month's quotas are announced. He told newsmen that draft officials have not yet decided whether priority for inductions should be set by lottery or by age groups. That will be settled next week. Coolest Air for Season Into Iowa Des Moines, (U.R)—Some of the coolest weather of the season was moving into Iowa Thursday. The weather bureau said the northwest would have a low in the upper 50's Thursday night. The cool air will extend to the southern portions of the state, also, dropping temperatures here to 8.0 Friday. A 1 mass of cool and rather dry Canadian air, which has been following the rain-filled low pressure center, moved into Iowa during the night, accounting for the sudden drop in temperatures, the weather bureau said. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Considerable cloudiness and cooler Thursday night. Friday fair and cool. Low Thursday night 52 to 56. High Friday mid-70's. Iowa: Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday night. Friday generally fair. Low Thursday night 55 northwest to 62 southeast, Minnesota: Fair northwest and slowly clearing east and south Thursday night. Cooler south. Fair and somewhat warmer Friday and Saturday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morning: Maximum 90 Minimum 60 At 8 a. m. Thursday 68 Precipitation trace 2 More Make Bond in Murder Charge Charles City — Robert Garlock, 19, Thornton, and;Johnny Just, 21, Sheffield, late Wednesday became the 3rd and 4th of a group of agreement 6 men charged with murder to make $5,000 bond. Arthur Ubben of Thornton and Kenneth McClemmens, Sheffield, had already posted bond. Still being held in lieu of bond is Harold Riekens, 31, Sheffield. Orin Lee Burns, Hampton, is being held without bond. The 6 were arrested following the Sunday night assault death of Charles Gallup, Nora Springs, in Gallup's farm lane. Ford Workers Sign Contract Agree to 13 Cent Hike; Strike Off Detroit, (fi>) —A 13-cent an hour wage increase for 116,000 CIO production workers Thursday erased a national strike threat agambl the Ford Motor company. Climaxing more than 21 hours of nearly continuous negotiation, the CIO United. Auto Workers also won increases in premium pay, vacation improvements, and a group insurance plan revision. To 4 Cents an Hour The union estimated these "fringe" benefits would total an additional 3i to 4 cents an hour. The UAW-CIO also estimated the annual increased cost to Ford of the new contract of $32,000,000. The firm made no estimate. Clears Decks The UAW-CIO had cleared the decks for a strike in Ford's 46 plants across the nation in case an was not reached this week, but withheld setting a date. President Walter C. Reuther of the UAW-CIO entered the negotiations early -Wednesday evening and remained in- the session against doctor's orders xintil it closed. His right arm still is in a steel brace and cast from the effects of a shotgun attempt on his life last April. Confers With Lucius Clay About Berli.n General's Report Not Made Public; 2 Hour Meeting Washington, (/P) — President Truman said Thursday prospects for world peace are good—in fact, excellent. He spoke just before getting a first-hand report on the soviet blockade of Berlin from the U. S. commander there, Gen. Lucius D. Clay. Clay made his report in Mr. Truman's office at a meeting of the national security council lasting an hour and 50 minutes. Mr. Truman is chairman of the council. Secretary of State Marshall and military leaders are members. Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross told reporters Mr. Truman sat in on the meeting for about an hour. Ross added: Talks to Group "General Clay simply talked to the group about the situation in Berlin." Asked by reporters whether the meeting "foreshadowed a change in policy in Berlin," Ross replied: "T h e meeting foreshadowed nothing. No conclusions can be drawn from it. The council simply listened to General Clay. Gen. Clay himself is going to hold a press conference Friday." To Tell Story Ross said that Clay was invited to the council meeting so that he could tell his story to all the top-ranking military and diplomatic officials at one time. At a news conference before the meeting,. Mr. Truman fully endorsed Secretary Marshall's statement on the Berlin situation Wednesday. Marshall said the United States will not be "coerced or intimidated" but will use every possible diplomatic means to get a peaceful settlement. Upon leaving the conference, Clay himself told reporters simply that he had "reported on the German situation." Woman Dead After Car Truck Smash Waterloo, (/P) — Mrs. Ada E. Vaughn, about 62, of La Porte City, was killed Thm\sday in the collision of an automobile and milk truck 5^ miles south of Waterloo on a county road. Injured were Mrs. Merle Vaughn, 35, daughter-in-law of the dead woman, and Gary Vaughn, 4, son of Mrs. Merle Vaughn. Harold Hanna, 23, Waterloo, driver of the milk truck, was uninjured. The impact rolled the Vaughn car into a field about 175 feet off the road. Zearing Woman Dies in Auto-Truck Crash Zearinp, (/P)—Mrs. Irma Rogers, 59, of Zearing was killed Wednesday in an auto-truck collision. The accident occurred as Mrs. Rogers, who was alone in her car. turned onto state highway 317 from U. S. 65 at a junction here. David Dahl, 19, Ames, driver of the southbound truck on highway 65, received minor cuts and bruises. Truman Plans to Listen to Demo Views Washington, (/P)—P r e s id e n t Truman said Thursday that he will talk with democratic leaders of all opinions in advance of the presidential campaign. He told a news conference that he is ready to talk with whatever groups Senator J. -Howard McGrath, democratic national chairman, brings to the white house. McGrath said after a conference at the white house Wednesday that representatives of divergent \ -nvs will be included in the groups he planned to bring in. The party chairman put out the welcome mat for any democrats who have been opposing Mr. Truman's candidacy. He said all elements of the party would be "welcome" at the white house talks. YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 69 43 SPEAKING OF TALL CORN—Here is the pictorial proof that North Iowa corn is stretching upward. This picture, taken on the Wayne Wood farm, a mile and a half east of Clear Lake on highway 106, shows 3 of Wood's sons, Ronald and Kussell, standing, teft to right, and Dick, on top. n-Year-Old Boy Killed When Bike Hits Truck Sioux City. (/P)—Eleven-year- cld Kent Johnson was injured fatally Wednesday night when the bicycle he was riding downhill struck the left rear bumper of a truck. The boy died at a hospital about 20 minutes after the accident. Flash Flood Makes People Leave Town Lancaster, Ohio, (U.R)—Between 4 and 5 thousand persons were driven from their homes here early Thursday by a flash flood of the Hocking river. The Red Cross disaster service said there were no casualties and "everything was under control," although there was several thousand dollars worth of damage. Most of the residents prepared to return to their homes a few hours later. Kenneth Kerr, Red Cross chief for this area, said the water started rising about 11:30 p. m. EST. (10:30 p. m. CST), and reached its peak about 2:30 a. m. Red Cross state headquarters in Columbus was alerted shortly after 4:30 a. m. but the call was cancelled within 30 minutes by local authorities. Paper Claims Russia Could Not Launch Attack to West SAME DATE— 1947 — 263 IU( metn* tr»C(i« death U M h«*n> Berlin, (£>)—The French licensed newspaper Ker Kurier claims Russia could not launch a blitz against the western zones of Germany even if she wanted to. "Dismantled rail lines east of the Elbe and deteriorated bridges would hold up the advance of motorized columns," the paper asserted. It added that the Russians would be hampered by long communication lines and quoted German railway men as saying that soviet supply trains still arc harassed by bands of guerrillas in the former Polish Ukraine. Der Kurier also quoted returning German war prisoners as saying the Russian people had no zest for war and that the soviet army in Germany was "worried" about the relatively great number of j deserters." Food Ready Following up recent Russian offers to feed all Berlin, the soviet controlled Berlin radio said Wednesday night that food for western Berliners would be ready for distribution Aug. 1 in the western sectors. The soviet licensed news agency snid that Marshal Vassilly D. So- I kolovsky, Russian commander, had agreed to supply electric power for a manufacturing plant in the British sector. Earlier the Russians had hinted through their controlled press that they were willing to furnish electric power for the entire city. The plant, the AEG turbine workers, manufactures electrical machinery. The news agency said Sokolovsky accepted "in principle" a request for power made by trade union leaders. No date was set lor turning on the power. ,. Propaganda Move Allied observers view both,the soviet food and power offers as propaganda gestures designed to offset unfavorable reaction of the western world to the blockade. Co*. Frank Howley, U. S. commandant of Berlin, said the moves were part of the over-all Russian plan to incorporate Berlin into the soviet zone. The American air force disclosed Wednesday that its base at Wiesbaden was being lengthened to handle "newer type planes with hotter takeoff and landing speeds." The runway is being lengthened from 5,500 to 7,000 feet.

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