The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 30, 1933 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Monday, January 30, 1933
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uT, * ^ ^TC'<™^ I ,' V ' I „ " A MONDAY, JANUARY 30, 1933 Cfrttoral of JJafceMfelb (fotltforntan • i. ..... . • . • •• ALFRED, M A U ft J3 t/I«» wotTon AND worntKTou; , i-^ _uu Californtan Issued Kvcry Kvcnlng F.xeepl Sunday in Bukcrt)llcld, Kern County, California Kntered In post office at'Bakersfleld, California, us second class mull matter under the Act of Congress Mareli 3, IS ill. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press In exclusively entitled to tho use for publlmitlon of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also tho local news published thrrcln. The California!! IB also a client of the United Press and the I'nllml News and receives the complete leased wire service of both. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Hryant, Griffith & Urunson, Inc. Now York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON (TJ. C.) BURKAU Frederic .1. lliiskln, Director, Washington, D. C. THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. S. A. AN UNWISE MOVEMENT w E DO not linvc to puss judgment upon the present state administration in reaching a conclusion adverse to the proposed movement lo recall Governor Rolph. Thoughtful citizens will agree that this is no time lo inaugurate a recall here in California. The recall was placed in the hands of the people to he exercised as a last resort. Wherever it is invoked, it arouses controversy out of which little good can come to the political unit involved. The major number of people of the state are unquestionably dissatisfied , with the management of the affairs of the commonwealth, but they arc themselves responsible because the authority vested in the administration comes from the mass of the electors. The wise course, in the minds of most people, will be to bear with the ills that are during the next bicnnium. No doubt the experience of the state during this four-year term will result in a more careful scrutiny of all candidates for the office of Governor in 1934. Those who are sponsoring a recall are doubtless actuated by proper motives but their wisdom may Veil be questioned. We have too many problems of importance to be solved right now to encourage a movement which will result in distracting the attention of the people from the issues that call for consideration. Many of the ills which serve us the basis for the proposed recall may be cured by such legislative restrictions as will permit the state to worry through two more years of even an incompetent administration. cession in the country, both in the number of people employed and in the total of the pay rolls. Uut accepting the conclusions of the share- the-work leaders that great good has been accomplished thereby, it is timely lo suggest that much additional relief could.be afforded if the burden of sharing were equally borne by employers and employed. It is as true now, as it was a year ago, that there arc many financial and industrial institutions ! which have an unbroken record of dividends, including the distressing era through which we have passed since 1929. Why the stockholders who have been the beneficiaries of these dividends should not also be culled upon to make a substantial contribution to the share-1 he-work movement, is not very clear. For instance, a given bank in New York has accepted, in fullest measure, the share- the-work plan, and that acceptance is reflected in reduced earnings for all the old time employes. ' A number of additional people have been given Avork, and the entire burden of that increased employment has fallen upon the employes of the bank; and us against (bis, the institution has paid regular dividends to ^stockholders, though ti small cut in dividends would have helped to finance the additional employment. The expense of sharing the work would then have been borne, share and share alike, by the employers and the employed, in other words, the stockholders. Much merited praise is given to the em- ployes the country over for being willing to co-opcrutc in the share-the-work movement. Unquestionably they have been most generous in that respect. We would like to give equnl praise to the capital employed in those institutions which have an unbroken dividend record. A BEGINNING ANYWAY TEN YEARS AQO (Tin Cillfonilin, tlili dtlo, Ufa) A thief stole Doctor F. ,T. Uundry's surgical cases today while his car was parked In front of Mercy Hospital. The bag was recovered but a small amount of narcotics wus missing. Flro destroyed the Granite schoolhouse. It was valued at. $2000. The. heaviest rain of the season woa recorded here todny for the 24-hour period, .00. of an Inch falling. Tho season's, total Is now J1.8D Inches. The council has passed a city pound ordinance, directed particularly at dogs. • Marlcopa.ls operating a junior high school under the direction of J. R. Coolcman, district superintendent. The ".Doheiulun Girls" will open an opera 1 season hero this evening. TWENTY YEARS AQO (Tlio Calirnrnlan. ilili iialo. IDlli) Detectives Phillips, Classen, Officer Lambert and Sheriff Halter have broken up a ring of bandits who have been robbing Santa Fo cars. The P. T. A. program and reception at the Washington school will be featured by an address from Professor I). W. Nelson and a cornet solo by Miss Lorenu-Love. C,. A. nankin will erect an $18,000 building on Baker street, it Is announced. I 1 '. W. Tegeler has purchased tho J. 8. Dairy corner at Nineteenth and F streets. Charles Day, tax collector, has returned from Buena Vista lake with a story of poor limiting conditions. The official also suffered a ducking during tho hunt. THIRTY YEARS AGO (Tlio riliroriiliii. tlili date. l!iu:i) John F. Harmons, reported killed In Tucson In a train wreck, stepped*off the train here last night one of the healthiest looking men In the state. Kern county Is joining In petitioning the national congress to establish a national board of education. Among the athletes In the Interclass field day at the high school are: Shields, Allen, I-avers. Shomatc, Blodgct, Stockton and Miller. JIarry Thomas has returned from San Francisco. J. W. Wiley Is planning a handsome residence for California avenue. Street carmen have been made deputy sheriffs. BEGIN HEBE TODAY t BhtlU Bhiyne, wheit pireflti were well-known viudevllle tntertnlntri, It In Ntw V>rk loeklnj lor i |«b. 8h«ll>t li * dtnter, After much dliieurxioment ihe It hlrtd te lukilltutt lor Dtliy Qlenen, intthcr diltetr, win tin , MrMfied in Mkl«. While rihMHlng M J«« P«fli' MIII ih»p ShelU meeti Trevtr Una «nd Dltk BlMlty, rleh tnd Mulnlly primlnent. Dlik Dries Lint te Inelutfe Shell* In the »r»- «r»m ef entertainment >t • party he li ilvlni. 8h«M» detllnei but Dltk eemei U the theater liter and leriutdti her to «em«. ' At the. Birty ihe meet! uv«r«l celebrities, Ineludfng G«rdtn .Mindrike, well kntwn ire- ducer,.' She ites Dltk freiuintly durlnt the ne«t tew do*, ind he telli her Mindrtke Is Itlni ti itler her • iirt In • iliy: Preiently Diliy Gleisen U ible t* dinne ind Shelli li Miln iut ol werk. 'She miket thi rtundi.et the nenti' •Illiei - without roiulti." Then Mindnke cilli ind itfers her • iJirt In hli n«i» »liy. Roheiruli begin ind Shellt beeomei friendly with Jim .Blilne, one •( the irlntliili -.In. th« cut. The ihew lieni In Atlintlt City fer i tryiut week. On the mornlni ifttr thi iptn- Ini nliht Jim mils Shell* to tell her kbeut the newspiptr reviews. Shi meets him'it breikfut. • ' NOW GO ON WITH THE STORY CHAPTKR XIV ,"I wanted you to know-first," • Jim Blatne told Sheila Herlously. Sooner or later the rest of the compajiy will know It. Still," his voice,was filled with sudden eagerness, "maybe they'll be HO busy reading their notices that they won't sefi the front page." "Front page?" Sheila . repeated, mystified. "Are you' on .the front page? What have you been doing?" There was Instant concern In .her voice. Tho front page' to hoi" spelled trouble. . , . ."If I have, will you stand by me?" he asked. She gave him a surprised, look.' "Of course. You 1 know that. But. my standing by you can't help Vnuch.". His voice rang out. "Thanks a lot. Xo, don't bo nfi-nld.-'I haven't done anything very-terrible. That Is, you and I won't think so. The company won't either, I dare say. Good publicity for the show, maybe." He leaned across tho table, touching her hand confidentially. "You see, I'm sailing more .or less under false colors." I've always wanted to act and the -only way I could do It was to run away. My. father thinks I am In TCurope—or he did think so until breakfast this morning." Jim pushed the newspaper toward Sheila. "Look here!" There was Jim's picture on the front page. It was Jim certainly, but the caption below read: "Norman B. Bthorlngton, Jr., who was discovered last nlffht appearing In a musical show In Atlantic City. Private agents who littvo been on tho trail of young llther- Ihgton for weeks found him singing In 'When I,Ights Are IjOW,' soon to. open on Broadway. Young J3therlngton was forbidden an operatic career by his parents who believed him to be study.- Ing In Jtunlch until his aunt, vlsltlnfe that city—" "Aunt Emily would!" Jim groaned ruefully. "You see, my "Mother was an opera singer. She died when 1 was a kid, .Then Dad married tho girl the family picked out for him and ail was well. .Mother—she Isn't my own Mother, of course,.but she Is a pea.ch— sympathised with my wish to sing but Dad was horrified. It had to bo the furniture business or nothing! W.ell, my Mother left mo a little money and I,decided to go to Europe to study. I stayed a year, and then my money gave out. Dad wouldn't give me any more and T couldn't, tell him that .I had been—er—extravagant." Jim flushed suddenly. Tils money had given out because he had financed a friend but ho couldn't tell Sheila this. • • • "So you are one of the 'miherlng- tons?" she murmured. She had heard of tho family. Everybody had. They were an old conservative family. And rich. "You don't mind my deceiving you, Sheila?"- Jim asked humbly. "The name, Jim Blalne, Is—well, sort of mine. My middle name Is Jim and Dad's name Is Blalne. Ktherlngton, of course, was out of the question. Kveryone would have known that name. And I dln't want to got this job through pull." "Why I Just asked for It;" Jim grinned. Then he explained quickly. "Oh, it wasn't that easy! I came to New York and moved Into an apartment near somo friends of mine. But I began eating In the places where show people eat. ' A chap 1 mot there—-" He paused. • Wisely Sheila nodded. "I know," she said. "Someone you loaned money to." •"Anyhow," Jim went on, "this chap told me they were trying voices at Schumann's. T dropped around. There weren't many men, you know, didn't know It until later," he grinned, ''but they tried me out for the chorus first. The what's-hls-name In the CHARTING A COURSE AN INSISTENT nalion-wide campaign for ^"*- reduced public expenditures is beginning to bear fruit, according to figures assembled by the Hearst newspapers. The aggregate retrenchment in dollars in 24 states, 18 cities and in the federal government is $1.037,000,000, which by no means meets the necessities of the time, but the • figures arc none the less encouraging. *! Specifically, the city of New York makes a NEWS BEHIND THE NEWS AKERSFIELD'S property values, on a 75 per cent assessment for the purposes of taxation, amounted ten years ago to saving of $9-1.000,000, and the stale of New York reduces costs by $'15,000,000. Detroit is able to slash expenses by ,pO,000,OOp. The 24 states in question have made reductions WASHINGTON By PAUL MALLON S TUNT—Behind these current war . debt developments was as pretty a publicity stunt as was ever hatched by a professional press agent. The performance was mainly concocted and acted out by Btnte Secretary Stlmson. The others, Including President Hoover and President-elect Hooscvelt were merely minor char- i There are other Indications they may I have been a party to It. The League slacked the subcom- 5525,402,395. For 19.t2-:5.j, on a 70 per cent O f $i;jr,.000,OpO. and 18 cities have made economies to the amount of $1(53,000,000. \Vc have a long way to go yet. but it is encouraging to observe that there is a beginning- basis, the total is .$36,010,170, an increase of a little more than 10 per cent. For the 1922-23 period the city spent SI03,281 on permanent improvements, and last year, $10,580. Payment for bond redemption has run the same each year, $M,175. The actual running expenses of the city in 1922-23 amounted to $329,727. Costs for 1931-32, the last period for which the complete record is available, was $462,300. The population a decade ago was around 20.000 as against something more than 27,000 or 28,000 at the present time. The grand total expenditure for the 1922-23 period was «168,431. and for 1931-32, $501,244. There is pressing necessity for making every possible curtailment in the conduct of government. Many a home owner is not now in position to pay his tax bills; many an owner of rental property finds his income so reduced that he can barely meet taxes and insurance. Merchants owning their own business property meet their tax bills with increasing difficulty during this time of depression. Tot comparing present day costs in Bskersfielcl with those of ten years ago, and contrasting the increase with the increase in many other cities, it will be agreed thai Jjuki-rslirld is far holler off than u large number of municipalities. Many cities do nol know where the revenue is coining from lo puy teachers' salaries and the sul- acters to the major .showman. Htlmson's main purpose was to uries of others in sal a the public service. Throughout the Middle West, even where there is no slrikr of taxpayers, Ihe delinquencies are appalling. We may congratulate ourselves that we .'ire in better shape financially Ihan other communities, but that very fact i in presses upon us the necessity for so guiding our course as to avoid the difficulties which have overtaken others. RANDOM NOTES When the bifurcated session of the Legislature of California was decreed, it was assumed that the new rule would permit the consideration of the state's business along more orderly lines. But the reverse has proven to be the case. End of the first half was reached on Saturday, and already nearly 3500 bills have been introduced. Many of them arc measures which have to do with the slashing of government costs, most of them independent of each other, and reflecting no co-ordinated plan of economy. What has attracted most attention during this first half of the session is the bitter warfare between the Legislature und the Governor. No practical step has been taken looking to the balancing of the budget. No definite plans are even considered for securing the revenue to wipe out the deficit and to create the necessary revenue for the coming bicnnium. , In the thousands of bills now filed, scores of thom are imperfect, and must be filled in when the Legislature again convenes. The sponsors of the bifurcated session meant well when they presented, and hud adopted, that plan of procedure, but experience has demonstrated its ineffectiveness, and it would seem that the time is here for a return to the order that obtained in another day. * * * W SHAKE AND SHARE E ARE not quite able to reconcile the findings of the national sponsors of the phare-the-'work plan with the figures re- Jeased by the Department of Labor of the federal government. The former announce •that 5,000,000 men are now emu-loved under the program of sharing the work who otherwise Avould be idle; but the government's fig' -ures for December disclose that there is u rc- We havo un inspired Associated Press dis- pulch from Washington to Ihe effect that President Hoover has "strongly in mind" souiuling a Republican rallying call at u Lincoln Day dinner in New York city on February 13. Considering the mutter from .every angle, why not? Whut possible argu- imeiit could be presented against the President's issuing such u rallying cry. It ought to be good. * * * An Illinois woman, frail in her childhood, overcame all physical difficulties and has reached the advanced age of 107 yetirs. Now the only thing she bus to worry about is the health of her three daughters, aged 80, 70 and (ifl years respectively. They uro still children to her and she frets accordingly. squeeze France Into paying. Incidentally lie saved the face of the administration and stopped growing criticism from abroad. When the facts come out—If they ever do—they will be regarded as a sensational new achievement In diplomacy. First Mr. Stlmson planted a story In a prominent newspaper that Britain had offered to make a lump sum payment. That was news to everyone Including Great Britain. But It helped to steel them for the shock they were to get later—the acceptance of their standing application for consideration of their debt. Then the schemer carried through In the Roosevelt-Hoover conference an agreement to Issue a somewhat meaningless • announcement. It was Issued in the names of Mr. Roosevelt's.close advisers — Professors Tugwell and Moley. The announcement merely said that after March 4 Mr. Roosevelt would receive the delegates from Britain seeking consideration of their debt. Tricky phrasing In tho announcement led most everyone—Including France—to believe we had reached some hidden agreement with Britain on a debt settlement. Later the word was allowed to seep out that all debtors who paid would receive similar consideration. None" of that was news to anyone who had ; 'been following the thing closely. That same policy had been announced unofficially some weeks before. Nothing was proposed to be dono before March 4. The French were so flabbergasted they dfd not even go near tho state department for days. They burned up the long distance telephone between Paris and London. But they could not get much Information from the British capital. It was nearly a week after the announcement that confidential word came from Paris promising the French would pay. The French are very poor poker players. What nearly ruined the play was that the British also failed to appreciate that they were In a poker game. There were strong Indications they woro Insufficiently advised all along. The British ambassador Sir Ronald Lindsay held a heated session with an under secretary.of state, complaining that he had been scooped continuously on these American announcements. The British wero embarrassed because they have an agreement with thr • French that neither will accept the Lausanne, reparations agreement until a Mutl«fa<-tor.v war debt settlement has been made with us. In the execution of the scheme Mr. Ktlinson wus magnificent. Them are some near Uie Democratic throne who hint that Mr. Roosevelt had a hand In devising the thing. But no one save an Inventor could have carried It out with the nest that Stlmson showed. lie gleefully denied for days that a memorandum had been handed to the British. The Ixmdoners kept InslMtlng that they had a memo and that It wus handed to Sir Ronald by Htinifon the night of tho Willie House meet ing. Finally Ktlmnon confessed, but with no proper display of humility. Similarly he kept It quiet for several days that similar memos had been given to other governments which paid. News of that leaked out from Rome. Tho night he made his final confession, Assistant Secretary of .State Castle delivered a speech In Philadelphia. Castle bragged touchlngly about the frankness of the state department In dealing with the public and the press. niltlue named to handle the situation. The authorities here were quite satisfied. Nevertheless, down underneath, they all know the League will do nothing outstanding. The purpose was to frighten Japan out of her military campaign into southern China. All the powers were advised conflden- tlallj- that was the objective-of the Jehol activities. It will work out fine If Japan is frightened. But If she calls tho bluff on sanctions there may be trouble. The League has no army to try driving the. Japs out of Asia. The other nations think too much of their armies to use them for that purpose In these days. The United States would never be a party to the use of such forceful measures. In the end, neither will the League. stock market football for tho benefit of local politicians. Rumors would get around that the state commission was abuut to order rate reductions and the stock would sink. When the participants had gathered a wad word would be passed that the rumored reduction was only a Joke and the stock would rise again to show a profit foi its now owners. R EAL ESTATE—New York landlords have something new to won'} about. An organization of legal talen has been formed for the avowed pur pose of advising tenants how to gc out of their leases—especially corporation tenants. Jleal estate people are frothing at the mouth but there doesn't seem to be anything they can do about It. R B UDGET.—Mr. Mills will speech anywhere or make write statement for anyone now. The treasury secretary is actively carry- Ing on a campaign. He wants .to force ' the Democrats Into, aii actual rather, than a theoretical balancing of the budget. He Is willing to take publicity anywhere he can get it. That explains why ho took the unprecedented step this week-of writ- Ing a' signed article on the subject for a 'national newspaper syndicate. • . Mr. • Hoover Is Joining In the campaign,' but with less vim. He lectured the press on the subject recently. It was all' for background and .-little of It got ; published because tlVesc same views hud been previously expressed by him. N OTES.—-It Is no wonder the French were alarmed with 'suspicions that the British had made a debt settlement with us. . . , . A United States senator had such suspicions that he arose, on tho Senate floor und -charged tho President and Presl- deijt-olect with violating the law by negotiating on the debts. . . . A hint at the true stale .of affairs came first from the Roosevelt train. . . . Apparently Inspired press dispatches from there stated the belief that the French would shortly bo required to F. C.—Don't bo surprised if William H. Woodin, head of American Car and Foundry, turns up In Atlec Pomerene's job as c-halrmun of R. 1" CT. H Is in the - cards. Woodin bus been quietly playing around In politics for some time. 11 was on friendly terms with the Hylan and Walker Tammany adminlstra tlons ami had something to say ubou wher the city's money was deposited Also he has worked closely with Bar uch and Raskob. It Is said "that AVoodln prefers cabinet job but his close connection with AVall Street hardly make him : suitable candidate. His claim for at tentlon is based on financial service rendered as the largest single contrlb utor to the 1932 campaign. C ABINET.—Frank L. Polk, beloved of New York's socially elect Is no even a -possibility for the cabinet. Hi affiliations with J. P. Morgan mor than offset the warm friendship an admiration of the president-elect. Henry Morganthan, Jr., seems t have the. Inside track for the agrlcul ture post. Although a New Vorke and a country gentleman farmer h has won the backing of five out o six of the important farm organlza tlons. But you can get even mone or better that he will finally Und i another spot. His Initiative land Judg ment will have greater Independent' there. pay. The post office here gets.n' basketful! of mall a week addressed to "High Hat" Brown or "Plug Hut" Brown, (he name being founded on Postmaster General Brown's appeal for a new car with a higher celling to accommodate his silk hat. . . . They say the way Mr. Roosevelt broke the news to Farley that he was to be postmaster general w(is by saying to him: "Well,. Jim, you' will have to get a high' hat'." . M .UBCUS tho , n NEW YORK By JAMES McMULLIN orby and shirt sleeves said,-'Anyone nwllllng to sing In/ the ensemble,,will (ndly, ledVe!' I didn't connect that Igh sounding phrase with the'chorus, Just thought It meant slug hi groups, oil know. . In 'fact ; lt didn't occur to o'.thai they would lake me at all!. "They did. They 'seiU mo over to a iow that was rehearsing a.nd 1 hadn't t6pped'lnlo tho door before this chap •oirt Mandrake's handed me a con- ruet! Just like that! Didn't even try 10 out." ' •••' ' • •, ',•••,-••*.. - - .There was pardonable pride In his olctv "If'I were a girl," he went on erlou'sly. ."I'd lose courage lri-> this uslness. . If, my living—my next meal laybe—depended on landing a Job I ilnl't I'd go crazy. Why, Sheila,'I aw; the most beautiful girls—" VI know," she said, nodding. "They, had good voices, stylo, car- iage, grace, everything! And most f them were weeded out lii 'a few nlnutes. Dozen's of them! Better look- ig girls than I knew,there were dny- •here." 'You' should go to a 'call' i ''irS-lt's\ll'tau' " fi from reenfold for. his 'Frivolities'," Sheila old him wisely. "The girls 'who nswer those calls—of course all kinds o answer them^-but sbme v of thom re niurvelous!". ' • . "Ermine coals .and nil that: sort of fling?" asked Jlni, relieved that;his (tie confession had gone over nslly, yet also' slightly plqUed. It hould have made more of an Impres- "they all! . They wear tailored nits — marvelous things. And slick ,tle hats. You never see such clothes xhlblted for nale-f-1 mean T don't. T uppose they come from Fifty-seventh treet shops. Frilly blouses. Beautl- ul shoes. A/id 'the complexions those girls achieve! And the accents! "The ones who land the jobs cer- ulnly earn all they get. They work lours every day to keep their com- lexlons and their figures perfect. One girl I know who weighed hardly 05 pounds used to wejgh herself every lay (of course they all do that) and f she had galne'd a single ounce she vould watch her diet like a hawk; -fer father and mother were "inclined o stoutness' she told me. "Those girls even try. not to think >ecause thinking can make .wrinkles. They never go to other shows or even read newspapers — except possibly the Inanclal pages." "Do they speculate?" ' • • * "Sometimes. Mostly, though, some idmlrer speculates for them and read- ng the market news Is simply a sort of ceremony because they seldom enow how their money Is placed. They lever know whether they are winning or losing so they don't wonT- "And," Jim added gravely, never lose." "I suppose not." Sheila smiled. They walked to the theater slowly. A rehearsal was. to be called at noon and would continue until the matinee oerrormanco. At tho theater there was a surprise In store for them. It was not the news about Jim Blalne In the morning newspaper that seemed to, bo attracting attention back stage. As Jim and Sheila passed through the stage door It seemed to the girl that the doormaiiNlooked at her curiously. There was the sound of loud voices, arguing, -explosive. One of the voices was feminine, shrill and angry. The others were low-pitched, meant to be conciliatory.' Marlon Randolph, the star, was having her -.say and evidently didn't care who knew It. Mike and the stage manager were doing 'what they could to placate her. Jappy Foster, a member of . the chorus, appeared around one, of the files, her eye's round with Interest. She looked at Sheila curiously, disappeared and enme back again with an equally Interested companion. The two girls whispered busily. "What's all the commotion?" Jim asked -Jokingly. "Is It time to feed the animals." • But Sheila did not reply. . As if turned to stone- she waited for what she knew would be Inevitable. It came abruptly. Marion Randolph's voice rose hysterically:. "I. don't give a damn about her talent! I tell you Shayne goes -out of this show or- 1 do. You can take your choice right now!" (Continued tomorrow) } • ,ByFREbERIC-J.'HASK!N> What Uo.you need to ktitjw? In llitro notno point, about your liuilncii or pprimiial life tint putrid j'ou 1 IJ there tomellilnil you • want .'to <kttyw without, ili'lny? Hubiqlt your i|iio«tloh to _Fred- ( orli! J.- Uttftkln, Director- of. our \ViBhlna'toti J .in formation llureiu,. '.ttji In. employed >to. : .uln ' , you. Addresi yqfar Inquiry lo Tho'-.-BikcrkfUld '.• ('•llforiiliili Information llure'au, FmlerlO;'J. ' Maikln, Director, WhliliiKton. O', C.,-.»nA-i>n-•••< j cloSo II renU' In e-otli. or nUmns 'or roUirn * .^ postage. ^>b nol -u»e - postcards. . • j • Q, .What • Is. tho .average ,i'-mileage covered by tho">Htcaniers thktj irittlte the troplculcrulseT-iF. C.' •.-.s'--. A.; It lir about 4300 miles.' .Tito Itul- j|, Ian • Hiiet 1 ,' Coiito : Grande,-'. made^-'43C7 i miles on Its* 12-dn'y holiday- er(ilse.:,H called 'at • Kingston, Colon, :• Havana, and Nassau. ' • - .,,... Q. .What Is the ''hair "shift", afory about Proslde'nt Hoover, to.which :th* newspapers refer?—R.-B."'!!. • '- ' A. The- so-called hair sh'lrt letter was the letter written' by President Hoover to-Dr.-.W. O. Thompson; OJilo W State University, Columbus,'Ohio,-on January 10, 1930. 'In thai, letter 1 the President, among other things, said: ' "You well know of the wearing of hair shirts In the Middle Ages''by'way of reminder of sin and'trouble.,. Some- (*. where lately I said that every man ; has u few mental hair shirts and that presidents -differ only^by their' larger wardrobe — for certain Individuals, newspapers, "associations and'Mhstliu- tlons officiate us hu'iierdashers'In tltlu regard, with a high generosity i which guarantees both humility and urbanity." ____•'•' ' ' v '' ' ' Q. When did Influenza,first appear In this country?—S. T. M. '•.:.••• A. The first record of 'It Js in" 11527. Q. Is there a new-uutoglro without wings?—S. U M...-;,. A. Juan do hi; Clerva's latest .autogiro Is entirely without wliigs or.mov- able elevators' and consists, of. fuselage, engine, rotor, rudder,'and two small fixed stabilizers at • tho tall. Complete control In the air'Is obtained by, tilting the angle'' of the rotating vanes. This is accomplished by mounting the rotor, on a two-strut pylon and running a shaft /through the cabin roof. Insldo .the cabin, attached to- this shaft, is a control wheel. • • Q. -What is the total amount to postmasters by tho post office- department?- G. W. A. According to .the audited expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 20, 1932, the compensation of postmasters in that year was $00,479,-., 451.14. . .' Q. Which Caesar was 'it whom George Bernard'Sliuw Incorporates In his "Androcles and the lilon?"—T. S. •A. Shaw himself says: "Some"English critics persist. In describing the Emperor as Nero, apparently believing that Nero was the only:Emperor who persecuted the Christians. But he is not Nero, and-not any particular emperor; nor . Is . the persecution any particular persecution." MEAN HUSBAND . CHICAGO, Jan. 30. (A. P.)— Judge Joseph Sabath granted a dvorce to Mrs. Mae Kller, a ballet dancer. The charge she made was that her husband kept her off the stage for six months by jumping on her toe's, Q. May I keep a banded pigeon which landed at my home?—H. M, P. A. Pigeons' are generally banded by fanciei's Who raise them for market and racing purposes. These persons ' show little Interest hi, the fate of a bird .that falls to' return to Its proper loft,, as they consider^ such failures Indicative of luck of strength or homing Instinct. Tens of thousands of racing pigeons are banded und flown every year.'In Jthis country, so'that it Is not surprising that many should be lost! . . Q. When u fur coat is wet, should it be brushed at once-.pr after>.lt has dried?—W. R. A. It should bo, brushed at.once In order to keep .the'fur from limiting. A seal coat may be wiped ; \$>lth a cloth, stroking with life nap 1 ,' 'not against It. <• Q. Who culled England a "nation of. shopkeepers?"—-J, J. 1C •". A. This expression was used *by Napoleon. Tho phrase comes from Adam Smith's Wealth' of Nations, (IV, 7), a took well-known to the emperor,'in which he says '.'To'found u great empire for the sole .purpose, of raising up a people of cus may ut first sight uppear a By DR. FRANK McCOY TREATMENT FOR SPRAINS .SIIOAI.S.—Prospects that ew administration may actually do .something about '-Munrl(> •Shoals . are giving the utility men Hplnal Khlvorw. Tills would establish the dre-uded principle of public ownership in a big way. Aluti the Musclo .Shoals pow«r development would step on the toe.s of Commonwealth Southern's utility empire. and The'Inside four Is'that the government's Ideas of fair rates for power might not jibe with, those of Commonwealth and Southern. Tim laltiM- nilghl have to do some painful rule slashing to comppto sui-cpsHfutly, H Is worth remembering that. <.'.'& H. Is a v.i>ry • Important Unit In MIR new utility hierarchy—uud a Morgan ou.t- ttt. to do about It is a burning /GENEVA.—Gentlemen at the trans- VJT som report that when Mr. Roosevelt strolled into the Hoover conference, he said: "Well, J see we did a good job on Japan." He was referring apparently to the action taken the following day by the I,eague of Nations. That was when the committee of nineteen decided to proceed with Ihe Manchui'lan mat- tor over Japanese protest. Thoso In highest authority lien- are known to fit. W quc-stlon. Tho answer may be a liberal bid for 'private operation of thu MUSI-IP Shoals properties with elaborate figures to prove how much the taxpayer would save. But .there Is ' little real hopo of heading off Roosevelt's apparent Intentions. Musclo Shoals fits too neatly, Into his campaign definition of public ownership as a club to keep Hie industry in line. TTTILJTIES.—Utility people are much *-' concerned to know who will succeed the late Edgar A. McCulloch as federal trade commissioner. McCuj- loch-has been In charge of the utility Investigation. The loaders are not optimistic. They won't bring pressure because they figure It's no use. Electric Bond and Share tried to block tho trade commission Inquiry on (ho grounds that It was an un war- runted assumption of uuthorlty. This was overruled-by the courts iiiid (lie other, groups decided they might us well .play bull. Consolidated .-Qas—Floyd, Carlisle's company—has several times made u A CCIDENT authorities say that the -£»• most dangerous spot In the world Is home—because most accidents occur there. A largo number of homo mlshups are fulls and one of the common results of a 'full Is u spruln. The ankle Is one of the joints most likely to bo sprajncd. The Joints of tho body have degrees of movement varying from very liule to the freely moving Joint of thu shoulder. Movable Joints are roln- forc«d and Joined together by strong ligaments. A sprain means that somo of theso ligaments have been torn or stretched by a movement not within thu normal range of tho Joint. The lubricating membranes of the joint of that region may 'become ruptured and fill the Joint cavity with fluid. A sprain makes Itself known by a sharp and severe pain, rapid swelling of tho part, local heat'and sometimes by a hhlny appearance of the «l<ln. These symp-toms occur In the Immediate area of the Joint. The patient avoids movement or weight upon tlio Injured part. Immediately following a sprain care should bo taken to avoid movement, und If the ankle Is hurt the limb should be raised to relieve congestion of blood. No walking should be allowed on a sprained ankle. The part should be bandaged tightly by someone who knows how this should be done. Some doctors prefer wide straps of adhesive tape. Cold compresses maj be applied us the use of them seems to prevent an excessive congestion of blood. While rest Is Important In the beginning, at least for a few days, U should not b« continued for too long a time, or tho prolonged Inaction nmj allow the joint to heal up looked li one position, if you wluh.to koop the power of movement tn fho Joint, you must begin to move it gently ua uuon as tho acute period of Inflammation und swelling has subsided. Stiff joint* ire the result 'of resting for too long time. . ; , During, the Inflammation, lymph will )e exuded and the Joint may become >ound with inaiterlal of a fibrous nu- lure leading to adhesions. .Skilled ma- lipulatloirwill In most cases cause the joint to return to a condition of fruo movement, should this occur. AVIleji one has oncn sprained an inkle there Is a weakness remaining for some tlilio und the part may bo very easily injured again. ,lf thero is any distortion of the part, the doctor should he called Immediately, as tho sprain may be accompanied by u dislocation or oven a fructure. I'eo- lo having a rheumatic tendency often find that u sprain becomes the Blurt of chronic synovltls or arthritis as the rheumatic, toxins tend to settle in Ihe Injured Joint. In such cases un orange Juice fast should be continued until all pain has subsided. Sprains are easily avoided in most cases. By using cure in walking or climbing one may prevent the fall which causes the sprain. When walk- Ing along, un ley wulk use cure not to slip; don't leave brooms or palls on stairs;.and whlle'cllmblng use caution lent you have a bud fall from a ladder. The best way to avoid the danger of a, sprained ankle Is to follow the saying of the street car companies and ."watch your step." fit only for a nation k of shopkeeper Q. When . was ' the ,.ij. S.,', S. .Constitution first culled Old Ironsides 7— L. N, G. ' _ A. Sho was so named, by tlio sailors when she won tho faiTious' battle/ of the Guerrlere, August' 19', 1812, when she withstood the shots -of the British BO well. ' Q. When did the manufacture of artificial silk begin?— S. H. '•.'• A. The development of artificial silk-on an extensive Industrial scale begun with the discovery of ;v|sdose* by C. F. Cross and E, J. Bevun In 1SU" and certain Inventions developed in 1900. By lOl'O viscose hud a strong start. . •••••; Q. Who invented tho paper bag.— G. A. • ••. • A. The paper bag is said- to>hav«' lieen invented by AH«sr M. E.' Knight. Spot on Eyelid QUESTION: Mrs. Grant T. writes: "I have a red -spot on my eyelid caused from a Hty. Please tell me. how to get rid of It," ANSWER: The use of cold compresses for about half an hour at' night will bo of assistance In causing the rod spot to .disappear If It Is due to inflammation an a result of a sty. vrllttn ky nUiri •* Th» C«llt«r. RIM, »MrtiMd U Dr. Prink MiCty, DM S»uth Artf*K« •venu«, Lot Ant<l», will tw «n. nrmd. Ineliii »lf-iddrii»< ituiM' ennltM, Tli« salvation- of the . world .cannot lie In science nlone^' WUh'-qclence there must be religion and'.work In other fields.—Professor -Auguste iflc- card, Swiss scientist,jvislting.U. S. , •' • » '. .' . .- . . Mussolini Is moro. Interested ,In the United States-than In any other nation except Italy because he. considers America Is. young and. dynamic.—A'ugf unto Rosso, newly appointed Italian ambassador to the U. S. • • . •'' • *. ' In a period when men naturally, turn to God, religious leadership appears to have been^ liquidated.—Doctor •AYilllgyn H. Lieach, editor;of Church Management. '-..'• ; • i • • '»,..».' , ;; •, Toduy when man feels .emotion, he looks for Clod,.but In t 29!i2;he..wlll tako a pill.—Bertrund:iluKd'u,ll, : ' English radical wrllur uud lecturer*. ' ,•'•, • ». « . ' ••'. I'm not.ashumcd -,to . shako hands with any worker,—Mrs/. Franklin , D. npouovelt, wife of the prcuiaent-olout SS,

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