The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on May 11, 1997 · Page 48
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 48

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Salina, Kansas
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Sunday, May 11, 1997
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Page 48
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Eat Smart By dean Carper Food folklore: Myth or fact? Many of us have half-baked ideas. Here's what scientists say is the truth. "Chocolate causes acne." FALSE. In a classic study several years ago, University of Pennsylvania researchers fed 65 adolescents with acne the equivalent of a pound of chocolate every day for a month. For another month, the kids ate a fake chocolate bar. Their acne did not flare up in any way while they were eating the real chocolate. Acne is thought to be caused by hormonal changes. But too much iodine and too little zinc in the diet also have been linked to acne. "Cranberries fight bladder Infections." TRUE. In a recent study at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, elderly women who drank a little over a cup of cranberry juice cocktail daily were 60 percent less likely to harbor high numbers of bacteria that cause urinary tract infections than women who drank none. Cranberry drinkers were 70 percent more apt to overcome infection in a month. Chemicals in cranberries block bacteria from sticking to the urinary tract lining, so they're washed away. "Sugar Is a no-no for diabetics." FALSE. Experts once thought plain sugar raised blood sugar dramatically. More sophisticated research shows other foods, including carrots, white potatoes, cornflakes and white bread, can boost blood sugar more than a candy bar. (Least likely to boost blood sugar: legumes, including peanuts.) The American Diabetes Association says diabetics can safely consume modest amounts of sugar. Nor does sugar consumption cause diabetes. "Shrimp is bad for cholesterol." FALSE. Shrimp is relatively high in cholesterol but very low in fat. A new Harvard study finds that shrimp, as part of a low-fat diet, improves blood cholesterol. When subjects on a low-fat diet ate about 10 ounces of steamed shrimp daily, the ratio of good to bad cholesterol improved, and triglycerides dropped 13 percent. "Fresh, raw foods are a/ways best." FALSE. Frozen foods are generally just as nutritious. Canning destroys some nutrients and antioxidants, as does overcooking. But sometimes heat can help. Heating tomatoes, especially with a little oil, releases more of the antioxidant lycopene, says cancer researcher John Weisburger of the American Health Foundation. That means you get more lycopene (linked with less cancer) in cooked and canned tomatoes and tomato sauces. Sometimes cooked vegetables are more healthful than raw. Heating tomatoes, as In this slow-baked side dish, releases more cancer-fighting lycopene. PEPPERY TOMATOES 116-ounce can whole, peeled plum tomatoes >/4 cup sugar Fresh pepper, to taste Drain tomatoes; put in a casserole. Add sugar, pepper. Stir. Bake uncovered at 275 degrees for 5 hours or until all liquid has evaporated. Serves 2. (Nutrition MMmriwi at bottom of page.) Jean Carper is author of Stop Aging Now! Her next column will appear in the May 30-June I USA WEEKEND. For the sources used in this article, visit our Web site: www. usa weekend, com "All alcohol 'cooks out' of food." FALSE. The longer a dish cooks after you add wine or spirits, the more alcohol evaporates, according to 'Spicy foods hurt your stomach." FALSE. It may seem right, but it's not. Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston fed subjects hot sauce and jalapeno peppers and then examined their stomachs and intestinal tracts (duodena) via an internal video camera. They found no signs of damage. In fact, fiery foods may protect the stomach lining, actually discouraging bleeding and damage, according to animal studies. Author Andrew Weil, M.D., of the University of Arizona, says spicy foods and cayenne pepper actually may relieve ulcers. Note: Spicy foods can aggravate heartburn. Nuts are bad for you." FALSE. Nuts are high in fat, but most of it is a good type of fat. Several studies show that people who eat small amounts of nuts regularly are less apt to have heart disease. In studies, both walnuts and almonds have lowered blood cholesterol. Nuts are also high in heart-protecting magnesium, and Brazil nuts are rich in selenium, an anti-cancer mineral, according to recent research. Note: Dry-roasted nuts are not significantly lower in calories and fat than oil-roasted. Vitamin C causes kidney stones." FALSE. A couple of studies in the 1970s did suggest that taking vitamin C supplements could lead to kidney stones. But a new Harvard study of 45,000 men disputes it. In a six-year period, researchers found no link between taking l,500mg of vitamin C daily and the formation of kidney stones. In fact, men who got less than 250mg of vitamin C were about 20 percent more likely to develop kidney stones than men who got l,500mg. tests at Washington State University. Examples: 5 percent of the alcohol remained in a pot roast simmered in wine for 2'/2 hours; 40 percent remained in chicken simmered in wine for 10 minutes; 75 percent remained in cherries jubilee flamed for 48 seconds, and in a cold, uncooked brandy Alexander pie. 1O USA WEEKEND • May 8-11,1867 Cabbage causes Intestinal gas." TRUE. So do others in the cabbage family: Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower. But less so than dried beans. Surprisingly, milk is the No. 1 cause of flatulence, because some people are lactose intolerant" (have trouble digesting milk sugar). New research shows when such people are given lactose for a couple of weeks their colons adapt, halving gas production. New research also shows that the type of bacteria in your intestines has more to do with whether you emit gas than does the food you eat. E3 Tomato Kelp*. s*i serving: 120 caloriss. Ig prowm. 30g carbohydrates. 1.5g liter. 0.5g (at. 300mg sodium

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