Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on November 18, 1955 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Friday, November 18, 1955
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The Weather Cloudy, cold tonight. Low 20-'- 25. Cloudy, snow likely to- morrow. ' High, 37; low, 27; noon, 37. River, 3.51 feet. Relative . . humidity, 56 per cent. . VOL. LXXXVI.—NO. 318 FINAL frtu Sanrict—AP Wirtphoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1955 Ntvt S«nric* 22 Poget 6 CENTS Speech Gave Hack Stage Performance Inkling How v,;.;.-•.;'; ; :-v*.V;C.;v -,• .-., Device Made AEC Member Urged 'Show 'Of Force' In Weapon Explosion . NEW YORK 'MV-f he New York Time's said today that Atomic En ergy Commissioner Thomas E Murray, who urged in a speech last night a "show of force" H- bomb explosion, ,has revealed one of the major secrets in making the bomb. . . In a. story., by-lined by William L. Laurence, the Times said Mur ray "'made it clear that the so called hydrogen fusion bomb is actually ; a very large fission bomb." ' . . . '• First Secret Disclosed ; The newspaper added: "This marked , : the. ; first time that anyone with -intimate knowl- edges of the secrets of the hydrogen bomb has revealed one of its ma jor secrets, the principal source from which the . . .-weapon draws its explosive power." The story, said Murray disclosed that uranium 238— plentiful and cheap, but normally considered nohfissionable— now can be used in the' H-bomb "in / its natural form." . -''-'••-••• -"•••• • Prior .to this development, the newspaper said', U-238 "had to be converted at; great expense 'into the man-made element plutonium. . "In the. orthodox atomic bomb, the exph>sion ; is. produced by a fission process—a splitting apart of atomic particles in a mass of Plutonium. .. . On. the 6ther,;'h"and, a hydrogen explosion occurs . atomsMol heavy hydrogen). fuse together, releasing tremendous amounts of energy. Scientists say such a hydrogen explosion must be triggered by an ordinary atomic or fission explosion. ' • • -' Third Step Added Now,, according to the Times story, it appears that a third step has been added. The hydrogen explosion, once set off, triggers a third process— this time the' fission of a large quantity of uranium 238 .The story said some physicists had already speculated that such was the case on the basis of radioactive particles scattered by the hydrogen Pacific. tes-: blasts in the Other Members Hit Proposal By Murray WASHINGTON HV-Four 'atomic energy commissioners were, linec up solidly today against a -col league's plan for a dramatic H bomb "show of force" to impress on world leaders the urgent need for ^eace. .The .proposal, made by AEC Commissioner Thomas E. Murray in a New York speech last night also met.some outright opposition in the Senate. But some senators said the idea was worth consider ing. • *' . (Continued on Page 2, Col. 3J Veteran Engineer Dies At Throttle Of Heart Attack \ ."'"•'' NASHVILLE, Tenn. W» — James Robert. .Williamson, 69, veteran Louisville '".&.'•• Nashville Railroad engineer, died at the'throttle of thi Dixieland ..streamlined passengei train.'as'it approached the Nash ville" station'.yesterday. . The •fireman; "William Butle Coombs, • 38, of Henderson, Ky. brought the train into the terminal City Detective 0/W. Pride saic Williamson died of -a heart.attack Trainmen, said passengers wer unaware of the engineer's death Members of the cast of "Madame Butterfly" shout at -process servers in Chicago theater after they attempted to -serve summons on Madame. Meneghfni-Callas, right, at .'conclusion of her farewell performance. "(AP Photofox) Soviet Leaders Begin Indii Good Will Tour India— Ufl — and Russian-Communist party chief^Nikita-:.S;..Khrushchev arrived, in New )elhl today to begin an 18-day goodwill tour of India. • :v The-two -'.top Russian -leader's were.v greeted. by Prune Minister Sfehru and other 'high Indian officials, at New Delhi's: military airport, where thousands of persons hac been assembling since early morning. : ' The' Indian capital was decorated lavishly, for the-welcome to the Russians, whose .visit was set up five months ago when Nehru toured Russia as a guest of the Soviet government. Appeals from Nehru for discipline among the crowds were given wide publicity. Nehru warned that disorders during the Soviet .visit would be a blot on Indian honor. Special trams brought thousands to the capital and. veteran residents predicted the welcome would rival any here since Britain's late King George V held a royal du- Killer Granted DelaylnWafce Of Confession MCALESTER, Okla. W— Just 10 steps and 1\k hours separated 21- year-old Hurbie Franklin .Fairris Jr. from the electric chair. Then word was flashed to H. C. McLeod, warden of, the Oklahoma State Pen- tentiary, that the postmidnight execution was off. Gov. Raymond Gary,, after a series of hurried telephone conversations, had granted Fairris a 60-day stay of execution so the State Pardon and Parole Board could study new evidence disclosed yesterday. The llth-hour reprieve was granted after 24-year-old Raymond Carrol Price, one of Fairris' companions the night Oklahoma City I Detective Bennie' Cravatt was shot to death, told two-Catholic chaplains at the „ penitentiary he—and not Fairris—had shot the detective. Price is serving a life term for his connection in the shooting during a holdup of an Oklahoma City supermarket July 16, 1954. Price and James Skinner, 22, pleaded guilty and were'given life .sentences. Fairris went to trial and was convicted of the murder, of the .detective. All three are from Dallas. bar—.a princes reception in 1911. of Indian A government spokesman saic there was no "declared holiday,' but there "will be nobody working today." All government offices were closed and many private businessmen shut their shops to permit heir employes to join in the cele ration. The tour of the Soviet leaders s certain to have significant po litical effect on this country and bservers were agreed that i would be the Western Powers whose position here would suffer From India the Russians will gi o Burma and Afghanistan on thei i.OOp-mile trip. Three Hurt.When Auto Rams Into Police Car BALTIMORE IB — Three men were injured 'early today. when their automobile struck a parked— and unoccupied—police car. Police said two of the three men were thrown through the windshield and into the street. The radio cruiser was driven some 77 feet into an intersection. Bottleneck In Salk Vaccine Production Rei KANSAS CITY tfV-Polio experts gay the -green light is on for full- scale 'production of "safe, potent vaccine through removal "of a troublesome bottleneck. f , Simultaneously, .they answered «ome doubU and questions raised . by some health officer! concerning the vaccine at a meeting of the American Public Health Ann. In esaence, rtperts said then {• no reason to doubt the efficiency or safety of the Salk polio vaccine. One spiked . . a rumor that Canadians stopped making vaccine because they kept finding live vi- nis irt the vaccine. Dr. R. D. DeFries of Toronto said the reason was they're'building a bigger plsnt to carry on a much bigger vaccina- jon program next year. Others, including Dr. Jonas E. Salk, who developed the vaccine, cited evidence that'; the vaccine could protect very young infants that vaccination had nothing to do lh: the outbreak of this year's lu^Vic in Massachusetts, that use of even a single shot had drastically reduced paralytic polio in the United States this year. But a couple of health officers held .to., their .reservations thai some inoculations of vaccine migh have been the cause of spread o polio lo other members of the lam ilr. xadar Isle Crew Elemoval Resumes TEXAS TOWER, 110 Miles Of lap* Cod, Mass. MV-New attempts were • scheduled today to remov< 30 Air Force officers, civilians an echnicians stranded overnight by rough seas on the nation's 'firs man-made radar island. Air Force officials were making a final inspection of the Texas Tow er yesterday when a 50 m.ph. gal whipped up 20-foot seas and ma rooned them on the tower. The 100-foot tower stands in 5C 'eel of water on Georges Bank, a famed fishing shoal. Eisenhower Backs Dulles Oii Decisions Secretary To Give Report Oii Parley In Radio-TV Talk . By 6 ED CREAGH GETTYSBURG, ' Pa.-. W-Presi- !ent Eisenhower moves farther nto the area of decision in the ie\v, post-G e n e v a international ituation today. The President scheduled a sec- jnd talk with Secretary of State ulles, mainly to approve the [raft of the-public report. Dulles will make on the four-power dead- ock in a nationwide radio-TV: ad- Iress tonight. Dulles arrived here yesterday. , - : . • Dulles' talk will be carried 'live" by CBS-TV at 7.30 ^p.rii.', SST. A delayed telecast is planned iy NBC at 11:30 p.m., and .radio iroadcasts are scheduled by NBC at 9:30 p.m. and ABC and CBS at 10:30 p.m. Go Beyond Mere Rehash • , The • Eisenhower-D ulles talks, vhich began yesterday, go well beyond a mere rehash of the sour urn East-West relations have taken since the original summit con- erence at Geneva between Eisen- lower and the Russian, British and French Prime Ministers .last fuly. Now the question is:'What next? And,, partly 'by happenstance, ;ome of the American officials most deeply concerned with the answer to this question were call- ng today on the President. -First on the schedule — as he would be in'y:,Friday^if, JSisenhpw- er' ; were-jn Washington.-r- was Dil- on^Andef son.-He-is-.thc" President's special assistant in ; matters relat- ng to the -National ;Security Council. The full council, which chart: over-all American strategy, wil; meet with Eisenhower early nexl week. To Confer With Strauss Later Eisenhower was to .see Plane Wreck Victim *s Body Hemoved Strike Flops [n Argentina Power Battle L. Strauss, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, whose chief responsibility is developing .he kind of weapons which are the >ig determining force in -.political- military planning these days. Flying in with Strauss was Gen. Alfred M. .Gruenther, commander of NATO forces in Europe. There were indications in official quarters that Dulles' reporl :o the people on Geneva might be ess pessimistic than reports from he foreign ministers' conference lad seemed to indicate. Boy Refused By Aged Woman Admits Shooting WESTBY, Wis. WV-A 15-year-old soy who police said admitted shoot ing a 75-year old woman with whom he lived "because ,she wouldn't give me 50 cents" was picked up by officers in a highwaj road block yesterday. The boy was quoted by author ities as saying he wanted the mon ey because "I wanted to go down town." . Mrs. Alfred Swiggum was sho in the back by a bullet from a .22 caliber pistol, police said. The slug lodged near her spine, Shi was reported in -"good" conditior at a Viroqua hospital. Oyster Shuckers Decide Against Staging Strike SALISBURY 10—Oyster shucker in the Crisfield area have decide against striking to back'up de mands for a 10-cent raise. The rea son: business is too good. Explained • Elbert Bell of th AFL Seafood Workers Union: The main reason was due to th fact that this is.the busy season the very best season and a pro longed strike could hurt the shuck ers as well as the packers." Service Men Flying Home Are Victims Craft Clips Tree, Plows Into House Near Seattle Field •A Cumberland soldier, E. W, Leatherman, va» among the sur- •yivon. Detaili oppeor on local of The Times today. One of the victims in plane crash near Seattle is removed from wreckage early this .morning.; At least 27 service men returning home' from the Far East were killed. A Cumberland soldier was among the survivors. The plane skidded into a house, but the occupants were-not injured. (AP Photofox) , Rqgiiue. . Struggle As CGT Calls Off Walkout BUENOS AIRES .10 — Argentina's five-day-old government, 'apparently victorious in the first ma- or challenge to its authority, an nounced last plight Peronista labor eaders had called off their falter- ng 'general strike. The announcement came after old-line Peronista leaders of the General Confederation of Labor CGT), deposed by the government when they issued their strike call, had met with Labor Minister Haul Migone. The communique said the CGT leaders had "resolved unanimously to cease immediately" the three-day walkout. CGT, mainstay of the toppled dictator Juan D. Peron, called the strike in an obvious attempt to discredit the provisional government leaded by Maj. Gen. Pedro Aramburu while it was new and uniried: The strike knocked out some tey industries such as meat packing but "free laborers" in the iransportation and communications ndustries defied the strike call. While speaking softly, the government continued to wield a very big stick. After jailing some 300 strike leaders — most of whom now have been released — it was reported cracking down on nationalistic officers in the armed services and even on some of the clergy, BALTIMORE-tfl—Five-day forecast: Cold and becoming cloudy Saturday with n the Allegheny ning in the afternooii ;6r -evening and eriding""e'arly" - Sunday;" "Con- ;inued cold Sunday. Warmer Mon day and Tuesday then colder Wed nesday. Rain about Tuesday or iVednesday. ' Temperatures .will average. about .five degrees below normal., Major Facing Court Martial FT. MEADE <# — Maj. John N Scioli, former executive officer a Ft. Ritchie, Md., will go on trial before a general court martial hen Monday on charges of borrowing money from enlisted > men under his. command. He also is charged with inter cepting mail addressed to the sta lion's commanding officer, opening it, and destroying some of it. Scioli will go on trial at 10:3C a.m. Monday before a board mad' up of three colonels, five lieuten ant colonels .and two majors. Cold Spoil Due To Retain Grip Iimters Listed 4s Dead After Sudden Storin Plane Crashes [ri Mountains, Fear 14 Killed LAS VEGAS, Nev. tf) — An Air Torce transport with-14 persons aboard crashed high in the saw- ooth' Charleston Mountains while en route to the Nevada' atomic bombing range yesterday. An arctic rescue team from March Air Force Base, Calif., graving subzero temperatures, combed on foot through the snow early today in an attempt to reach lie wreckage at about the 9,000- 'oot elevation. Air Force spokesmen said there was little chance any of the passengers survived the crash. Identification of those aboard was with- leld pending notification of rela- Air Force headquarters in Washington, D. C., said the. aircraft, be lieved to be a C54, carried Air Force personnel and "some civil ian consultants." It was not disclosed how many of each. The mission was described •: as "rou line." An AEC spokesman in Albuquer que, N. M., said the AEC had no embargo on information about the crash and had no special interes in it, indicating that no atomic scientists were aboard. Cigarette Tax, Studied To Obtain School Funds SALISBURY WV-The Wicomico County Commissioners are consid ering a two-cehts-a-pack tax on cigarettes to help pay,for schools It's estimated such a tax woul« gross. ?100,000 annually. : The.county was authorized to im pose such a tax by the 1955 Gen eral 'Assembly. Sr, ,,,,s«,,-k, fa,, v,, Ticket Sighted P * * Democratic Leaders Open Door To Additional Delegates By JACK BELL CHICAGO (*-Talk of a possible Stevenson-Kefauver • ticket spread today, among Democrats looking forward with new-found confidence toward next year's presidential nomination. The party's stale chairmen took the center of the singe today after Ihe Democratic National Committee volcd unanimously yesterday to Paul Ziffren, California national committeeman who helped sponsor the idea, said the expanded convention represented a, new high cf optimism among party workers. "We've got a lot of Democrats who want to get in on the ground floor in the business of electing the next president," he said. A total of 2,744 and Individual members of the na^ tional committee had their own ideas about the identity of their presidential nominee, but Mayor David Lawrence of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania national committeeman, said sentiment for AdSai E. Stevenson appeared to be mounting rapidly, Lawrence said there was talk of „.. .,„ , , 1.898 alternates will be eligible tea ticket headed by Stevenson, with open its 1956 convention doors to'.altend the 1956 convention. They Sen. Estcs Ketauver of Tennessee additional delegates. (will have a total of 1,37* votes. ' (as. the vice presidential candidate. Kefauver, due bere later in th day, has maintained he wouldn* be interested in second place. H has said-be will, announce nex month whether he plans, to ru again for the presidential-nomina tion he lost to Stevenson in 1952. Some Democrats thought that Kefauver ran and lost out—or i ho didn't run at all—he might be persuaded to take s&ond place on the »i*.fcet I "VJ rt *1 ~" Michigan Blizzard . Rakes South Area, Boat Found In Lake DETROIT «l — Michigan listec our deer hunters and two duel unters: as "presumed dead" to ay in the wake of a blizzard whicl aked the state Wednesday nigh yesterday, taking a known tol f four lives. ' The four "presumed dead" deer unters were feared drowned in Iratiot Lake high in the Kewee- aw Peninsula that juts into Lake uperior. The duck hunters were missing in Lake Erie off extreme outheastern Michigan. The deer season, which opene( Tuesday, has claimed two deaths y gunfire. The deer hunters lost includi hree Michigan professional golf rs and the host of an Illinoi olf club. They were . last. seen Vednesday crossing the two-mile quare lake in a motorboat from heir camp to deer lands on the ther side. • They are D,aniel Nowack, 39, and Edward Van Popering, 50, both of Jrand Rapids; Ted Lernanski, 36, ipring Lake, Mich.:, and Leonard Gillette, 50, host at the Homewood 111.) Golf Club. Their 14-foot boat,-upside down and its outboard motor gone, was ound floating in the lake yesterday. ' Nowack's hat and the oars also were in the water. SEATTLE tfl — A chartered aif- iner., loaded with GIs homeward bound for the holidays crashed shortly after takeoff today and. at east 27 persons died as it exploded and burned. Forty-seven others including the .hree-inari crew survived the crash. The fourrengined TJC4," a nonscheduled airliner chartered to the Army by the Peninsular Air,Trahs- pbrt Co. of :Mlami Springs, Fla.. •arried 66 servicemen who ; came lome from the Far East only yes-- :erday. They were bound for separation points in the East and for a reunion with their families at Thanksgiving. Woman, Thre« Children Aboard Also .aboard, in addition to : the crew, were a woman and three children and a reserve pilot. „ The crash was the second in the rVest.in less than 24 hours. Four- een were aboard a C54 which crashed in Nevada yesterday. Today's crash came brief minutes . after the • plane left Boeing ?"ield on a flight to Chicago, its rst .scheduled stop. The ship plowed into' a hillside, in; a resi- . dential district, broke into pieces and burst into , flames. A huge chunk hit the rear of a house where mother and : her five children were "sleeping. They escaped unin- ' [srael Announces Egyptians Killed JERUSALEM-UN'S >-Israel announced today the killing of two Sgyptian army scout invaders and the capture of another wounded one in a new series of border clashes. A military spokesman said the dllings .occurred yesterday near Beror Kayil, four miles from the northern end of the Egyptian-held Gaza Strip, scene of frequent fighting and htghwater mark of the 19-58 Egyptian invasion of the Holy Land. Eugene Casey, 19," of Chicago, one of the survivors, said he was seated on the left side of the plane near the emergency door when it Wt. Casey 'in a hospital suffering from shock and severe burns, said the takeoff had been delayed by a snowstorm which had covered the Seattle area during the day. As it neared the crash site, he said, the "whole plane started jarring. I saw' wires snap. '•-• "I don't know how I got out I walked right through the fire. "1 crawled and the man in front of me was screaming. I was afraid I'd fall down. I wouldn't be able" to go on. "Some GI stumbled down and :I grabbed him. I started -screaming." ,;.'• Casey said he started walking and crawling to a nearby house. '. "I didn't think I'd make it..-..';! never screamed or prayed so hard in all my life." Part Landed In Yard Part of the plane came to rest in the yard of Mrs. Donald Renard. Mrs. Renard said there was a "terrific explosion," and "the next minute my yard was full of soldiers:" Every available ambulance was sent to the scene and the injured were rushed to three hospitals. Hours after the crash, the coroner's office still was trying to complete identification of the dead. The soldiers were among the 2,833 who arrived here yesterday on the transport Gen^R. L. Howse from the Far East. > ;; They were loaded aboard nonscheduled airlines planes operated bj commercial airlines which are not certificated by the Civil Aeronautics Board for scheduled flight —chartered by the government for speedy return to their homes. Twenty-two such transports took- off from Boeing Field at intervals ("Continued on Page 2, Col, 3) President Picks Bean ;,;!.' GETTYSBURG, Pa. tfl — President Eisenhower today 'appointed Stephen Sibley Bean to be a member of the National Labor Relations Board. :. Graham Denies He Confessed DENVER Gilbert Graham flatly denies planting a bomb on the airliner that crashed and killed his mother and 43 other passengers, the Rocky Mountain News said today. Federal authorities announced Monday that Graham, 23, had signed a "written admission". But the newspaper in a copyrighted interview quoted Graham as say-j ing:"- :•'.••-' •'-'•' . •- ••'•• ' " •-.' "Yes, I signed a statement.,But it's not true, They told me they were going to put my wife-in jail, and I'd better get it straightened out myself." , Asked by reporter Al Nakhtla if he meant FBI agents had used duress—kept questioning him until he confessed — Graham . answered: ' . V £::'•;'•• "Well, they started : about noon that Sunday and didn't stop until" I.signed a confession about 4 a.m." the next morning. Oh, they took me out for dinner once and gave me drinks of. water and such..;'.-;" Graham appeared brie f 1 y In court yesterday. His arraignment was postponed until Nov. 28 to allow him to retain counsel. He is charged with murder in the death • of his mother, Mrs. Daisie King, 54. • - • .. - : ...;-•-..' *;. '. She was among passengers of a United Air Lines DC6B ' thai crashed Nor. 1

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