NoTwirtWf I, mi H, *. Rasmuastn Editor and Publisher flaruMftM RatTntriwm, ButlneM Manager Entered a« 2nd claw matter at the pott office at Austin, Minnesota, nftder the act of March t, ivn. larae* Dally Except Snndav' The Herald has been for 67 years and still is a newspaper for Austin and community fair and impartial to all, seeking always to promote the best interest of agriculture, labor and industry catering to no demagogues and showing favoritism to no group L firm or individual. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the us* for repubUcatlon of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AF| news dispatches. Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness. — Hebrews 3:8. • * * The heart of a good man is the sanctuary of God in this world.—Mme. Necker. Our Free Theater The theater in this country is a national institution though these days the "road" doesn't generally support it too well. We can all be grateful that it exists, even if millions of us never see its product, limited largely to New York City. It's an old saw that the theater is always dying but never quite manages to expire. Certain it is that it suffers from a variety of afflictions, some pretty durable. But an amazing vitality keeps it breathing vigorously in spite of all. One of the factors in that vitality, and this is the big reason we Americans can be thankful for the theater whether or not ,we ever see a play in our lives, is that it is one place where the unvarnished truth is told. There are no censors, no codes, no taboos to be observed by frightened impresarios and producers. Men can portray life as they find it, and say what they like about it. It would be a sad day for everybody if the free-speaking theater ever did really die. *> Reds' Initiative One criticism of American foreign policy heard again and again is that top often we offer no positive proposals but simply react to moves by Soviet Russia and Red China. There is a considerable body of opinion in this country in support of this criticism. The most severe critics argue that practically nothing we do is right. The "milder complainants feel that at least we should speak out more frequently, with more forceful and imaginative ideas. It is rather broadly agreed that the Communists seem to have the initiative a good deal of the time. Up to a point the record is plain, for all to see. President Eisenhower's public pronouncements and proposals in foreign affairs are indeed not frequent. And it is to him, as leader, that the world naturally looks, rather than to Secretary of State Dulles. " But even if it be assumed that we have been deficient in this-regard — and this is a matter that will continue'to be argued on partisan and other grounds — w*> should understand that we could not, by correcting such a lack, be sure of seizing the kind of initiative the Reds take. The world has a great need for sound solutions, in Germany, the Middle Hast, Korea, Southeast Asia, and so on. We can, and most think we should, propose inventive, comprehensive solutions, continuously and relentlessly. Very likely tuch a course would put the Communists more on the defensive politically and psychologically than they are today. But there are things the Russians and Red Chinese can propose — and do — which we could not and would not want to match. We can't bludgeon Quemoy and Matsu with shells in the name of the expanding "people's republic," as the Peiping government does. We can't threaten to blockade the West fieri tners into Red slavery, as Moscow does. To these things we can only "react." We can't propose pulling troops out of trouble spots far from home. The Communists can make such offers, knowing they can move back in a day. And we are left only to react to these false gestures of reasonableness. We can't try to subvert other governments, or blackmail them. We can't gyp them in trade deals, or lure them with fake promises of help. All these things are part of the natural initiative of the gangster and the fraud, as they are of the crook who roams our street^ Unless held in check by fear of reprisal, he will use this initiative. And when he does, we must inevitably "react." Opinions of Others NO WOLF AT THE DOOR Most of our defeated Congressmen won't have to worry too much about where their next meal is coming from even if they don't find another job right away. They'll b« getting pensions, and pretty generous ones at that. Under the contributory setup under which Representatives and Senators can qualify for annu- ' ities by paying 6 per ceqt o! their annual $22,500 salary, pensions up to $18,000 a year are possible. That certainly should be enopgh to keep any wolf away from the door. Congressional pensions generally are based on 2V4 per.cent of the average of a member's five highest congresslon pay years, multiplied by hie number of years of service. The top is close to 80 per cent of full pay. The normal age requirement for retirement is 62 years, with a minimum of five years of service required, but members may get reduced annuities at lower ages if they are retired voluntarily. However, they must have had at least five years of congressional service. — MASON CITY GLOBE GAZETTE EDUCATION FOR SUCCESS The Little Red Schoolhouse taught little about how our economic system operates, and it didn't matter much. Business was the specialty of businessmen, and if they understood it no one else needed to. ~ Today, when many decisions which affect the economy are made in politics, every voter needs some economic education so that he can determine what candidates make sense on the subjects of taxes, business regulation, labor, and related subjects. Wrong guesses, based on prejudice or ignorance, can bring on government-made hard times. They can weaken the economy in the cold war. And they can even put the thoughtless voter right out of a job... Will your child, sometime in his school years, learn what makes our economy tick? If your school doesn't have such a course, you and other parents should insist .that it adopt one. Your child's future and your country's prosperity will depend upon what he knows.—MICHIGAN TIMES Ikes Budget View Healthy, Helpful and Is Well Timed DAVID LAWRENCE cline in the purchasing power pf WASHINGTON — President El aenhower has flung a challenge to the "spenders." He has announced that a balanced budget for the coming fiscal year at around 77 billions is feasible and will be recommended to the next session of congress. This is lower than last year's budget by about $2,200,000,000. The president la counting, of coarse, on a substantial Increase In receipts from the present tax rates — due to Me improvement in business condition* generally It i* likely that even If the for. mal budget It not exactly in balance there will be cash surplus anyhow, This U welcome news to the country. Politically it is 8 wise move, For it places the full responsibility on the Democratic party — which controls Congress — to keep the expenditures in line with the recommendation of tbe President. If there is considerable deviation, the American people will be able to tell which party should properly be called tbe party of the "spenders" and which one is the party of the "savers." To Block Inflation Eisenhower's statement significantly declares that the balanced the dollar due to bigger and bigger federal deficits. Need Sound Dollar With all the talk about "liberalism" and "conservatism," there is no issue that counts for more among the millions of persons of fixed income than a sound dollar. The drive for "welfare" spending has lately been renewed. Anybody who believes in a balanced budget and favors paying off the public debt Instead of indulging In more and more extravagances has been denounced by tbe spenders as a "reactionary" or as being "to the right of McKlnley." It is, of course, old > fashioned to pay one's debt and not to spend more money than one takes in. The "modern" idea in politics is that government spending can be without limit and that the more that is spent the higher will be the national income. History Tells Story Unfortunately, the history of bankrupt countries from ancient days is the same — there are always politicians who defy economic laws. The one thing they miscalculate is the confidence of the people in their own monetary unit. This suddenly vanishes into thin air when people become convinc budget is designed "to prevent in-! ed that there is never going to flatten, to encourage economic ex- be any balanced budget or pay^ _«...!.«._ ^_jA_*_-tt*;»»* . I . m ., ... _ r if pansion, and to fullfill American responsibilities of world leader ebip." Lately, there ha* teen worry •bread a*** the 4ecliu t» tbe vatee «f the 4aUar. A Balanced tadf et, u ike PntUent eayc, 1* aa aa**ra*ce that "oar gevera- »e*i to 4cteroia*d to live *itfei» Broadly cpeaking tbe new* of to* Preadeai', action does aot «xm* a moment too soon. The ooo- i***ional election* had been wio> Irteterpmed u meaning that tbe "apendw*" vere to b* ia to* tad*• f*ft thai perwo* with feed in- could *Ksaat • further de- ment of tbe public debt. Inflation U bearable up to the point where people suddenly grow panicky and tote confidence hi tbe dollar, as prices soar. Then runaway inflation ensues, and the atory of what happened hi Germany in 1923 is recent enough to van the present generation that people do not belteve indefinitely IB the Infallibility of » government feat keeps OB run- What tbe President has done is to boMer confidence in the dollar injide tbj United State* tod tJajoufbput the vary. B is «n achievement of transcendent im- portance. It comes at a psychology cal moment — when an overhwel ming majority of the Democratic party is about to take control of the Legislative branch of the government. A Good Angle Fortunately for the United States, there is in the South a conservative faction of the Democratic party which can be counted upon to support conservative fiscal policies. Notable among its leaders is Sen. Harry Byrd, Virginia, who may be excited to lead the fight against the spenders in his own party. It was certainly good strategy for the President to make his announcement about a balanced budget now instead of waiting till next month when his budget message will be formally presented to Congress. The moment it became apparent to him that t h e budget could be balanced, it was important to give the news to the world. No Tax Boost Asked To hold expenses down and balance the budget in itself is g o o d I news but to do it with "higher ex- jpenditures than ever before in ^time of peace for national defense" is to assure the country 'that the biggest need of all — | national defense — will be fulfilled. On top of this is the pledge that there will be no request from the President for any "general tax increases." This news will be received everywhere with relief because lately there has been some agitation for tax increa$es to pay for the increased spending. To hold expenses down and balance t h e budget is going to be difficult if the politicians have their way, but public opinion can restrain the spenders — and the Presient has taken the first bold step toward mobilizing public opinion behind hi* constructive policy. (Copyright, 1958, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.) 4 AUSTIN (Minn.) HfRAlD f fridoy, D«*. $6, 1958 POTPOURRI Wfi THOUGHT we'd let you have your gourmet** flmg before we mentioned It. How that you've had it, you may want to know. Here's the wore on tbe Christmas "bowl game" — that is, the bowl which expanded to press against the belt. Christmas cookies, with seasonal design, were each good for at least 60 calories. . A two-inch brownie square had 135 calories . , .Hard candies averaged about 110 calorie* an ounce, bon bans 75 each, one-inch carmel cubes 110, chocolate creams 110. , .If pie was on the menu: one average serving of apple pie has 931 calories, Boston cream has the same, mince 341, and pumpkin 263. , .If you liked whip cream on your pie, add 60 calories for every tablespoon. For pie a la mode, add 290 for every scoop of ice cream. This, of course, doesn't take Into consideration the oth- ir items on the Christmas menu. Best way to figure out how many calories you gained, is to step on the scale. One pound gain in weight represents 3,500 excess calories consumed. But don't be too concerned. New Year's, the time for good resolutions, is approaching rapidly. MINNESOTA'S HASSLE Over coaching, and the firing of Terry Brennan at Notre Dame, are re minders that football coaching is in a class with lion-taming. Both are employment which pays well, but are jobs which can end suddenly. THIS MAY surprise you. In celebrating Christmas yesterday, you were among only, one-third the people of the Earth observing the holiday. Although the Christian church has celebrated Christmas for more than 1,800 years, two-thirds of the world's occupants, or more than a billion people, never heard the Christmas story. It's not such a small world, after all. MANY AUSTINITES have ex pressed' themselves as joining in the opinion Minnesota schools are archaic in the policy which limits inter-scholastic athletic compe tition only to boys, and prohibits girls. They also feel this is non sense, especially in such sports as tennis, golf, swimming, bowl ing, etc., sports which students can enjoy throughout a lifetime The decision in such matters rests with the Minnesota State High School League. The organization will get a new executive secretary, B. H. Hill, on Jan. 1, and it is always possible that a change in personnel may bring considera tion for a change in an outmod ed policy. AUSTIN BECAME a "City of Champions" this year with an array of athletic titles. Now let's take a look at a city which hasn't won a major athletic championship in 60 years— Baltimore. But Baltimore, a sports- happy town, is now running a fever, with the city agog over the pending football game Sunday between the Baltimore Colts and New York Giants to decide the national professional championship. What Milwaukee is in baseball, Baltimore has become in professional football — with the townsfolk running a temperature every time the Colts play. Cabbies in Baltimore are given the score every five minutes on their intercom systems. Periodically travelers are brougt up to The Knife Changes Hands Washington Sees No Early Shooting by Reds in Berlin By VtCfOft RffiffBL Deipitt tht Red*' rocket-rum. Ing, only propaganda bdmba are expected to to bufntlni in alf for a lone tlm«. That is the decision made by the three, pottlbly four- man secret committee which would run civilian America while the military fight a future war. If any ihooting were expected over Berlin, President Eisenhower would have aummoned thli lupreme committee — known only as "emergency deslgneea" — for the most guarded talk the White House hai held in years. Amenc these powerful anonymous men, whose Identity Is held more secret than our nuclear bomb strength, la the man who la, in effect, the standby President of the U. S. 1 So carefully hidden are the identity and functions of this man that even his war-time title as top non-military coordinator is classified. When he and the rest of his small group are called suddenly to the side door of the White House, those who know they're coming will know that war cannot be far behind. Until then — relax — which SYLVIA PORTER'S 'YOUR MONEY'S WORTH' What of Off-Season Travel LISBON — And now, just before I return to home base and a New York dateline, what useful hints can I give you about taking a vacation in Europe yourself in the off-season months? Every year additional millions of us shift to fall-winter holiday*; more and more corporation* are spreading employe vacations over 12 months. Travel to Europe smashed all records in 19S8, is heading for new peaks In 1959. A European vacation is now within the time and budget limits of vast numbers of middle-Income American families. What about going abroad at this time of year, then? After a four weeks holiday in Spain and Portugal, I've come up with some positive pros and cons. For your future guidance, here they are: FIRST, THE ADVANTAGES: (1) Going off-season is impressively cheaper. When Charles S. Thomas, president of Trans World Airlines, told me the day before we left that, "The smartest dollar stretchers today are the people who take late fall or winter vacations in Europe," I reported his remark to you, but I had no personal experience to confirm it. Now I can back it up with persuasive statistics. Not only did we save $300 on our round-trip airline tickets alone by going at this time of year, but we also saved substantially on hotel rooms, auto rental, etc. We stayed at the finest hotels at rates that would have, paid for only second-class accomodatlons in season.' As the manager of our hotel in Granada, Spain, put it with disarming frankness, "I'm charging you the normal rate for your room now. This Is the time we get the 'good' tourists." (2) It's a cinch to get around railroad and bus stations. At strategic spots around town, advertising signs give the score by periods of each game. The town is bursting with excitement for the last time it broke into the championship column was some 60 years ago when the fabled old Orioles won three National League baseball flags in a row. TOWNS WHICH preserve historic landmarks for tourist interest have discovered the sentimental attachment for their heritage pays dividends. According to a govern raent survey, an historic residence, church or other attraction that brings as few as 28 tourists a day to town, will contribute as mucl to the local community as a new business with a $100,000 armua payroll. you In Toledo, Spain, we were among only about a dozen people visiting the church in which El Greco's greatest masterpiece (Burial of Count Orgaz) hangs. "I couldn't get you in here in the spring or summer," said our guide. "You'd have to wait in line for hours." In Jerez, we spent two hours on a leisurely tour of the city's world- famous sherry wine cellars, and while we were sampling the pro- duct at the end of our visit our host remarked, "In the season, hundreds of people try to get into these cellars every day. They can only get a glimpse of them." And in Portugal we were able to get rooms in tiny inns and converted castles without advance notice. But, said the manager of the castle in the walled city of Obidos, "We already have reservations for 1959's season." And so it was on the roads, in the stores. You can drive, shop, sip, sightsee in ease. (3) You meet the natives', not just other American tourists. When you're tourists in lands new to you, there's not much point in spending all your hours with folks from home. The chances are you would do this in season, though, because other Americans would be visiting the same places. But off-season you meet the natives of the lands, and we found it exhilarating to try to learn how 3 Minutes By JAMES KELLER POPULATION SHIFT Japan is planning to send 110,000 of it's people to other lands, chiefly South America. This will help alleviate the big population problem facing the country. The Japanese government has set aside $75,000,000 to cover the costs of this enterprise and has established a special department to handle the selection and transportation of emigrants. About 11,000 Japanese are to be sent the first year and then 5,000 annually until 1964 when the government hopes to have enough ships available to dispatch 30,000 emigrants a year. Many areas of the earth with abundant resources are still sparsely populated. Aiding those in overcrowded countries to emigrate to them offers a special challenge to the followers of the Lord. Give this important project at least a thought and a prayer and you will probably wish to do more. You | may be instrumental in helping millions of God's children to help themselves. "Be not weary in well-doing." (2 Thessalonians 3:13) they live, what they think, and to a tempt tp converse in Spanish and Portuguese. (4) The service is superb. The reason is obvious. The people have more time to give the service. THE DISADVANTAGES? SURE, THERE ARE TWO BIG ONES. (1) This is known as off-season because the weather is off- season. In most of Spain and Portugal the weather is similar to that in New York in November — hardly what the seeker of the sun would want. You don't go swimming outdoors in Manhattan now, and you don't go swimming outdoors on the "sunny coasts" of Spain and Portugal now, either. (2) You miss many events that usually attract the tourist. We didn't see a bullfight in Spain or Portugal or witness the spectacular festivals of these countries because these aren't the months for bullfights and festivals. My reaction to this was one of indifference, because what we did see was enough for me — but you might not feel the same way about it. Would we go to Europe again in the off-season months? With delight — which, summarizes how I appraise the pros and cons. And now, with Monday's column, I'm back to my beat in New York. (Distributed 1958 by The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) SIDE GLANCES T «. ••(. B s. f«, on. • 1«l by MCA fonlci. Me 'I've never dug up anything like this, but I did find Alec's lodge button when I was transplanting my tulips!" MY ANSWER By BILLY GRAHAM QUESTION - Why do you so Not until 1869 did coal mining become an important industry in the United States, but today the U.S. it the world's largest coal producer. The amount of coal used per capita rose from les« than • *«» to WO to about four ton* in 1940. Some of the biggest «tie» - Pittsburgh, BinSn* nain and Cleveland in particular— have developed because of enormous co*l deposits in nearby regions. 6rluoiUe» Missing Links help open the unused portions of the earth to those in need. Answer to Previous Puzzle W* religion is a ACROSS DOWN 1 Winken, \ Cape Blinken and 2 Written 4Giand 8 A - blow 13 - long 13 Mammoth 14 Operatic solo 15 "My Gal - " 19 North and South 18 Slim 20 Birds' homes 21 - , oil and free air 22 -- the table 24 Moslem 26 Heredity unit 27 Definite article 30 Femme 32 Sleeps noisily 34 Girl's name 35 Speaks 36 Legal matters 37 The spreading chestnut 39 Tattle -40 Plateau 41 Obtain 43 Turning part 4$ Epicure examination 3 a t large * Saurels 5 A excuse 6 Opposed 7 Mulde B Countenances 9 Ages 10 Linen ravelings 11 Lad and —— 17 Purpose 19 Pertaining to the nose 23 Follow arttr 24 Distant cure-all when modern psychiatry has done so much for mentally disturbed persons? I. E, ANSWER — Religion is not a Arizona's 'Pravda' Wonts It Changed PHOENIX, Ariz. Ml — George Pravda and his wife, Joanna, filed a court petition to change their last name to Prav. Pravda means "truth" in Russian but it also is Is aomethinf theM men an not doing at thta moment despite their decision that Khrushchev want* no war now. These men are the tip of a pyramid which keep* expanding at the base like an animated commercial. , Under them la a growing National Defense Executive He- serve of citizens whe will be awuig out of their poita en emergency order* and sped to tee* ret standby governmental offices —tome of them In cave* — If word come* of an Imminent Ra«- slan attack. Or the survivors will be inshed to what remain* of the Federal Department*, If the attack comes before the new* flash. There are now som* 2,800 such civilian reservist*. Some 1,700 have been cleared for security work by our intelligence forces. After clearance, they get a certificate of availability and a special pin which is recognized by other* in this little known civilian high command. These men are referred to as the "fully designated." There are 486 others being processed and the government now is negotiating with another 386. More are being sought each day. Only last week the special Federal agency, the Office of Civilian Defense Mobilization, began extending its executive reserve from the Departments in Washington to special region* across the U. S. The 2,500 designed win be used by the Federal Government. They will go Into the Commerce Dept., the Pentagon, the Interior Dept. and other dlvi- •Ions. In the event of attack, they will reorganize whatever enemy bomb* have not destroyed. They then will administer the emergency divisions charged with freezing rent*, wages and price* and (applying minerals, material* and manpower to keep American civilian as well as military production at whatever will be possible top speed. Most of this rehearsal for an emergency we hope will never hit us has been smooth — except for tbe fact that almost all the brainpower and technical organizational skill of American labor has been by-passed. There are only eight labor men in the Executive Reserve of 2,500. Seven of these are under the civilian and mobilization office. The other has been attached to the Labor Dept. There is, of course, considerable chagrin inside labor over this seeming snub. Months ago, AFL-CIO president George Meany dispatched a list of 100 top labor leacj- ers to the Labor Dept. for clearance. But a penny-watching budget division has been unenthusiastic over spending money to process the labor executives. At the most a name check will run to an average $100 each. Sometimes 50 bucks will do it. So, for $10,000 the Labor Dept. has had to delay processing the labor leaders. The department would have to use budget funds. It cannot allocate any of its own. The labor leaders believe they can contribute to developing em- | ergency production plans. They i feel they have organizational nb- I ility to match the others in the j Reserve. They fe«l H would be adding insult to Injury to be called in after the personnel chart is set — and then only to ' tell the federal agencies where there are skilled plumbers or el- ectrictans. If it ever comes, it will be everybody's emergency. So let each give according to his ability. (Distributed 1958 by The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) ,h ,T h 0 r -!'*e name of an official newspaper cure-al, but the gospel of Christ j of the Soyiet Uni Th " "J certain y is the only answer to the Th , h wanted to ch ^ nflme e sin problem. If the problem is one, because p rayda is that is related to sin and its con-, as an organ of Communist propaganda and therefore the name causes embarrassment. The court the petition under considera- 25 Baseball -- 40 Stupid person 26 Machine parts 41 Windy 27 The silent 42 Repetition — — 43 Roman poet 28 Fishing fly 44 French head 29 Essential being 46 Spanish jar 47 Cry of bacchanal* 31 Metric measures 33 Water mammal 38 Young eagle _ ln 48 Domesticated 50 Measures of type 11 I value 51 Uncle Tom andUttle 52 Yugoslavian strong man 53 — « heart oJ i tone 54 - de plume 55 Garden ol ewcution w W r r IT f 7 If 10 sequences, then Christ is the ans- jwer, and not psychiatry. If the (disturbance is purely a mental! one, then a competent psychiatrist might give satisfactory help. Itj would call for a psychiatrist withj real spiritual insight to be ablej |to tell the difference between the! purely mental problem • and the' spiritual problem. ) Let it be known that Christ- ___^ ( ianity is not opposed to every- jprotested' the recent "action taken thing modern but only such claims by the World Order Conference, that are not totally true and,sponsored by the National Coun- that do injustice to the claims |cil of Churches, favoring U. S. of the gospel. I wish every men-i recognition of Communist China tally disturbed person might be and its admission to the United counseled by one who knows the Nations. functioning of the human mindj T his viewpoint, the NAE said ,and knows equally well the mes-,"does not represent the true senti- sage of deliverance through Jesus ment of masses of members of Scoring WHEATON, 111. Of. - The National Assn. of Evangelicals has SUBSCRIPTION RATES Single Copy (at Newsdealer* and Street Sales) ................ t <n HOME DELIVERY IN AUSTIN Single Copy (other than regular weekly Subscribers) .... $ in Per Week. Carrier Delivery ....» 40 2fi Weeks ...................... 1040 Oue Year 20.80 BY- MAIL—ZONE T Delivery In postofflce within 50 miles radius of Austin — Payable In advance. One Month ......... ..... . * i u Three Months .................. 3'25 Six Months .................... 550 On« Year ................... JQ QQ MAIL— ZONE 2 Delivery In postolflce outside 50150 mllct, -Payable lu advance. Per Week ..................... * w Three Months .................. 350 " w "1 itt Christ. ................ .. One Year ...................... 120 o MAIL— ALL OTHER ZONES Delivery In poaloliice over 150 mile* radius or Austin— payable In advance- ?cr Week .................... $ 40 ' Six Months One Year You wouldn't mind people who sleep likeo log if rheydido'f sound like they were being mode into lumbar. American churches." Samaritans Present Nuns With Tractor WASHINGTON UB - The Good Samaritan Society of Washington, a Catholic lay group, has given the nuns who operate the Angel Guardian Orphanage in Japan an unusual gift — a tractor. It'll help them raise more food on their farm for the children cared for at the orphanage. NOTI-Zone 1 rate will apply for subscription service going to service personnel in U. S. and Armed force* in all areas of United States and areas served thru A.P.O and N.P.O. Circulation Dept. Dial HE 3-8856 For irregularities in service pleote call the above number between 5:30 p.m,-6:30 p.m. Extra delivery service will be made if necessary.
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