The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota on December 26, 1958 · Page 1
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The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota · Page 1

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Friday, December 26, 1958
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The Weather * Portly cloudy wltri ttB irnpertdrtt tem|jefotur& chb«§i Saturday; low tortiahf upper 2Qs; Sofiddy, temper- otures generally neat normol. Vo. 150 AUSTIN, MINN:, FRffiAV, DECEMBER 28,1958 Member Associated Press Scientists Convene to Swap Ideas Report Hints That U. S. May Have New Lithium Bomb By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON (AP) — Top scientists gathered today to swap ideas and report developments that'could have great significance as the world races into the spacevage. One advance report indicates that U.S. weapon- eers may have come up with a new type of H-bomb —a lithium bomb packing a hydrogen-explosion punch at lower cost. The report stemmed from observation of a strange air glow over the antarctic. This glow and a man-made aurora, the first ever sighted, were believed linked to U.S. atomic blasts last summer in the South Pacific. The observation came during the 18-month International 'Geophysical Year, now drawing to a close. ' IGY doings and other topics were among the 1,800 reports listed for presentation at the 125th meeting of the American Assn. for the Advancement of Science. Killian On Top Top speakers included President Eisenhower's science adviser, Dr. James R. Killian; the association president, Dr. Wallace R. Brode; and the British biologist-writer | ing that this may become the na- Julian Huxley. tion's bloodiest Christmas holiday. Hugh Odishaw, executive direc- "There's no indication that the tor of the U.S. National Commit-• traffic death toll isn't headed for tee of the IGY, told about the »" all-time.high for any holiday ^ a ^ ^ ^ ^ lithium discovery in reporting on >' ™™*™*™^>*""™- roads. Many police agencies can- to move into domestic markets or SMALL CONSOLATION — Sandra White, 11, Fair Haven, Vt., clung to her.Christmas doll for consolation after she fled a fire in sub-zero cold that destroyed her home and killed her-father, 4 Regis White, 45. (AP Photofax). BLOODY TOLL Nation's Traffic Count Nears Holiday Record Traffic Fires .. 2158 57 Miscellaneous 35 Tolal 360 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A runaway pace of fatal traffic accidents today brought a warn- New Plan Considered for Wheat Controjt Would Be Ended and Price Supports Reduced By OVID A. MARTIN- WASHINGTON (AP) - The Eisenhower 1 Administration has been giving some thought to a new program for wheat. It would end controls, reduce price supports, and freeze current record surpluses held by the government. Such a plan has been considered along with another that would greatly tighten production controls and reduce price supports to a lesser extent. This latter plan would be used only until the surpluses were disposed of. $1.25 A Bushel Under the first plan, the wheat support would be reduced to around 52 per cent of parity, compared with the present minimum of 75 per cent. Such a support would be around $1.25 a bushel compared with the present $1.82. Parity is a standard for measuring farm prices deemed fair to farmers in relation to their costs. Under the tightened control plan, the national planting allotment would be cut from the present 55-million-acre minimum to around 40 or 45 million acres. Legislation Required Administration farm leaders have not yet indicated what they will recommend to Congress. Legislation would be required for either approach. Under the plan that would end controls, the surpluses would be came despite emer-jused in export programs financed gency efforts of law enforcement largely by the government. None "~ ~~ ' ' ' " of this grain would be permitted Barb lor Today An Illinois Woman sue* h« fm* band for dlvorws ftnd aimioffy on their 80th annftersftfy. A gtrfden opportunity? 14 Pages children each. Three persons died in a Northampton, Mass., lodging house blaze. A father and his son perished in a Petersburg, Pa., fire. 5 Times Greater But thp highway toll was more than five times greater than that in fires. The massive upsurge in fatal agencies to promote sanity on the IGY highlights in the journal j al Safet y Council official said "Science." The IGY is scheduled Record 706 to end Dec. 31. Odishaw said an eventide glow in the south polar skies had been spotted with sensitive instruments. The glow was attributed to lithium celed Christmas days off for their members and ' assigned them to . The record auto toll is 706. That j traffic duties with orders to take number was killed during the four-! drunks from behind steering day Christmas period of 1956. In j wheels. that weekend two years ago, accident deaths from all .causes num- The safety council spokesman said "Virtually every official ef- iuc 6 .un waa otuiuubcu w uuuum i__ r -j BjM i, . v.j-.Uoct _„„_ -n ,- •»»«" yi.iuaujr cvciy vnuiaai Klin the high atmosphere, not pre- ° e , r 8 . 84 ', the hlghest over - al1 ^ifort has been redoubled to protect cai in mstory. j ! motorists from themselves and The current Christmas weekend i other drivers also is a four-day holiday. Thej ,._. . ' , death count which began at G' There 1S only one P erson who new manifestations (the lithium j p.m., Wednesday (local time) con- glow) could be related to nuclear tinues until midnight Sunday. The first half of the 102-hour viously known to be there. Related to Tests "A plain inference is that these tests carried out during the same period as the IGY program," Odi- shaw said. The United States conducted high altitude nuclear tests in the Pacific last August. The Atomic Energy Commission declined to say whether it uses lithium, but some other scientists theorized that the antarctic glow means the AEC has found a less expensive H-bomb. Their thinking ran thus: Lithium, a lightweight metal, could be placed in a bomb triggered by a conventional atomic i bomb. Neutrons released by the A-bomb would change some of the lithium into tritium, a hydrogen explosive. Heat from the A-bomb blast would make the tritium fuse, causing the main hydrogen explosion—and all this in a fraction of • second. The AEC has named Tritium as a possible H-bomb material but has described only one process for making it. That is the more expensive, less handy method of manufacturing it beforehand through fusing atoms of deuterium, a form of heavy hydrogen. Over Apia Odishaw said the man-made aurora was seen by a New Zealand scientist over Apia, Samoa, last August. Odishaw said it evidently was releated to the pacific tests. The more than 5,000 scientists listed to attend the scientific convention looked for a possible report by Dr. James Van Allen of Iowa University concerning the newly discovered radiation band that bears his name. It was found at altitudes above 230 miles during the flight of one of the Explorer satellites and studied further by later space probes. !can do cidents. driver.' 1 That more to avert ac- is the individual wi 'h Defied Conformity an estimated -10 million span brought an junusual number] of fatal fires, including several \ multiple fatalities. Nine died in a cars on tne roads during the hoi farmhouse blaze near Auburn, Wash. 5 Killed A prominent Virginia man, Horace A. Gray Jr., and four members of his family were killed . when fire destroyed their Richmond mansion. Two separate fires in Pennsylvania, at Wilkes- Barre and Braddock, killed 'three MIRROR WARNED iday, inevitable thousands defied the conformity of driving rules devised for safety at highway business- i speeds. In some cases the result was fatal to several persons. Five persons died in one flaming wreck of two cars near Jackson, N. C. Another head-on collision exploded two cars near Michigan City, Ind., killing four. into regular export channels. MOSCOW CHOICE —This is Alexander N. Shelepin, 40, confirmed in Moscow as new chairman of the state committee for security. Shel- epin's job includes control over the secret police. He succeeds Cen. Ivan Serov in the post. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Moscow) Eau Claire'Y'Has Bomb Scare - False Woman, 90, Escapes Christmas Day Fire DEXTER, Minn—Fourteen volunteer fireman left their Christmas dinners to fight a fire here that destroyed the home of Mrs. Mary Williams, 90. House and furnishings were a total loss. Mrs. Williams, who lives alone, was preparing to! EAU CLA IRE, Wis. (AP) — A leave to have dinner at the home of her son and| bomb scare forced evacuation of daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Lyall Williams, ati the YMCA building here today, but 12:45 p.m. As she looked in the mirror to adjust her no bomb was found hat, she was startled to see the reflection of fire and An ear 'y morning phone caller smoke. jtold police about the bomb and Gathering what clothes she could, Mrs. Williams said > " 1>m e° in g to get even with fled to the street and escaped burns. .them." Fire Chief Frank Stephenson and 13 volunteers) About a dozen persons rooming responded to the alarm. They fought the fire for more at the "Y" were awakened. They than two hours, but the flames had too good a start, left their quarters while the build- and the two-story frame house was leveled. |ing was searched. Senate, House Face Battles at Start of 86th Congress , _ — • -^WM^MVBBBM^ -] SCENE OF FIVE DEATHS — Firemen and Paper Co.; his wife Catherine 47; I . j.1 . _ rr I • I . t . i i > » *•. j.... _ T*I ... t -^ IK- . *..•.' battle a fire which took the lives of five in suburban Richmond Va., early today. The victims were Horace A. Gray Jr., 49, director of the West Virginia Pulp two sons, Thomas, 17, and Foster, 13; and a daughter, Susan Lee, 19. Another son was away when the fire broke out. The $150,000 brick mansion had approximately 20 rooms. (AP Photofax). SOVIETS URGE NUCLEAR BAN Reefs Soy That West Stand on Berlin Could Kindle War MOSCOW (AP) - The Soviet Union warned Thursday that Western insistence on remaining in Berlin could kindle nuclear war that would reach America. Foreign Minister Andrei Grom- St. Louis Park Fire Destroys Big Building Weather Official U. S. Readings from THE HERALD Weather Site on Roof of Fire Statlou: High previous 24 hours — 3ti. Low previous 24 hours — 12. Reading at 8:30 a.m. — 23 General weather — Clear. Temperatures Recorded at THE HERALD Building: THURSDAY 34 ! 7 P. M. 37 ! 8 P. M. i P. M. •i P. M. 3 P. M. 4 P. 5 P. 6 P. 1 A. •> A. 3 A. 4 A. 5 A. f A. M. M. M. M. M. M. M. M. 9 P. M. 10 P. M. M. M. 11 P. . 37 . 38 . 37 . 35 ! 12 P FRIDAY . 33 i 7 A . 33 8 A . 34 33 34 33 9 A. 10 A. 11 A. M. M. M. M. M. 12 Noon MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — A two story building, a half block long, was destroyed by fire Thursday night in suburban St. Louis Park. No one was hurt. The building housed Betty's Cafeteria and the Story Book Baby Club photographic studios on the first floor and the Paul Revere Masonic Lodge on the second. The blaze broke out at 9:45 p.m. in the basement of the 200-foot long building described by firemen as one of the oldest in the suburb. Firemen from St. Louis Park, 34 Edina, Hopkins and Golden Val- 341 ley at one time nearly had the 351 fire under control, but it broke 35 out again later in the evening and by early morning had consumed 32 i most of the wood and brick struc- 32:ture. 321 The St. Louis Park fire depart- 35' meat said the building would be 37 a total loss. No estimate of dam- 39, age was available, however. yko continued the Kremlin's campaign to force the Western Allies out of West Berlin by predictions of nuclear war if they stay. He boasted Russia is well armed for any trouble. Gromyko spoke at the closing session of the winter meeting of Russia's parliament, the Supreme Soviet. He also urged a ban ,on nuclear weapon tests without controls which the West considers necessary. Nothing New Diplomats in Washington said they found nothing new in Gromyko's speech. There was no immediate comment from the State Department. If an end is not put to the Berlin crisis, Gromyko said, "the threat will further increase of West Berlin becoming a second Sarajevo." Premier Khrushchev has demanded that the United States, Britain and France pull their occupation troops out of West Berlin by June 1, leaving it a demilitarized free city surrounded by Communist East Germany. Western attempts to reach Berlin without East German permission would be aggression against the Soviet bloc, Khrushchev warned. Overwhelming Vote The West has pledged to stick with the 2,200,000 West Berliners, who overwhelmingly vote anti- Communist. It contends East Germany has no authority to control Western military traffic to Berlin. Gromyko said that "any attempt at aggression against (East Germany) may start a new big war in which millions upon millions of people would find their death." "The flame of war would inevitably spread to the American continent, for today's military techniques have virtually eliminated the difference between dis- tant theaters of war and those close at hand," he asserted. No Objection The foreign minister added that Russia "has no objection to hearing proposals if the West has any — if those proposals are directed toward solving the problem and are not rejections of our solution." He again barred, however, unofficial Western suggestions that discussions of Berlin be linked with reunification of Germany. Backing up Gromyko with a flourish of missiles, the chief of staff of Soviet armed forces said that if the West starts war over Berlin, Russia could reply with crushing blows. Ocean Can't Save Marshal Vassily D. Sokolovsky added "The United States will not succeed in sitting it out on the other side of the ocean with im punity . . . The Soviet Union has intercontinental rockets, and no ocean can save the. United States from retaliation." Parliament went through the formality of approving Soviet pol icy on Berlin and also Gromyko's call for a nuclear test ban. The foreign minister contrib uted one new note, saying that under a ban the Soviet Union would agree to a limited number of nuclear explosions for peaceful purposes provided Russia was allowed as many as the United States and Britain combined. Some U.S. scientists have urged rejection of any ban which would prevent such experimental uses of nuclear blasts as digging harbors Quick Start, Lengthy Fights Are Predicted By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON (AP) — With Christmas over, Congress members will start arriving soon for the new session which may open with battles in both House and Senate. The 86th Congress convenes Jan. 7 with much biggef Democratic majorities than the 85th congress, of 1957-58. ^Normally a new Congress gets Driver Killed in Crash on River Street Albert Krelnbring, 1414 Dunlap, was killed about 2:30 this afternoon in a collision between his car and another car on South River Street, four blocks south of the Woodson school. He was a retired police chief from Winona. Details were not immediately available. Rebels Claim They'll Soon Be in Havana SLIPS HAND THROUGH BARS Pope's Prison Visit Brings Lusty Cheers By RICHARD EHRMAN ROME (AP) — Rome's grubby but celestially named prison on the Tiber unrolled a rented red rug today to welcome Pope John XXIII—the first pontiff in modern history to visit a jail. The directors of Regina Coeli— Queen of Heaven—jail also took a few precautions, such as sprinkling a few plainclothesmen among the prisoners. "You could not come to see me," said the supreme pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church, "BO il is right that I come to you." "Viva 11 Papa" The 1,500 prisoners, most of whom were permitted to look down on the Pope from their four floors of cells, cheered lustily and rhythemically, "Viva il Papa! Viva il Papa!" They chanted so loud and long ignoring guards' orders to stop that one guard shouted "shut up." Lighting The Way Symbolic of an ancient Christmas Eve custom is this display of luminaries at the T E. Colescott home, 308 S. Third (left) and the Robert McCoy home, 306 S. Third. Thick candles are set in sand in coffee cans and placed in a brown paper sack. Here, 144 of them outline the sidewalks and drives at the two homes. Although the origin is lost in antiquity, it is believed that similar devises were used to light the path to Christmas Eve services in old Mexico, and later in Texas. Luminaries are becoming popular in El Paso, where whole neighborhoods go together to create a spectacle. Electric lights are turned off wherever practical. The idea was brought here by the Colescott's son, Ted Jr. The Colescotts decorated their neighbor's lawn to broaden the effect. This photograph was taken by Ken Hanson, THE HERALD photographer, in a three- minute exposure under moonlight. Superintendent Carmine Scalia called an aide and whispered: "Remind the guard that they are to follow today's instructions They must act sweetly." Pope John made a quick visit to the jail's infirmary and to one wing of cells. He stopped frequently to slip his hand through the bars so prisoners could kiss his ring. At one cell he asked: "What do you think of my visit here?" Tears In Eyes The prisoner replied with tears in his eyes. "It has made today the most memorable day of my life," he said. "Of mine too," replied Pope John. The pontiff and his party lefl an hour and a half after they had entered the jail. Later it was announced thai Pope John had given prison authorities several million lire to buy Christmas presents for Regina Coeli's inmates — Another first. A million lire is worth $1,600 Truman Plans for Lectures at Columbia NEW YORK (AP) - Former President Harry S. Truman said today he will give a series of lectures at Columbia University next year on the presidency. The lectures will be similar to ones he has made at other uni- | versities. Truman, during his customary I morning stroll, extended wishes I for peace and prosperity to the | whole world in the coming year. i Truman said he had "a great time" watching his 18-month-old grandson open his Christmas presents at the home of his son-in-law, Clifton Daniel, and his daughter, Margaret. As for himself, like millions of American fathers and grandfa- 'thers, "I got the usual ties, shirts ! and socks, which are always ac- keptable, and useful." HAVANA, Cuba (AP)-A Cuban rebel leader boasted today that insurgents soon will be in Havana. His broadcast prediction came as the Cuban government, seem ingly near paralysis for lack of sufficient arms, faced a possible military reverse in central Cuba which could mark a decisive'turn- ing point in the two-year civil war. The army appears unabl'e to mount a sustained counteroffen- slve any where in this revolt-torn country. The rebels, under Fidel 'astro, have scored several su& :esses in the central Cuban province of Las Villas. They now are virtually encircling Santa Clara, capital of Las Villas, and threat- ending to slice Cuba in half. In Cuban government circles, the United States is being blarnec for this deteriorating situation as having in effect intervened on-the side of the rebels by maintaining an embargo on shipment of arms to President Fulgencio Batista's government. A steady flow o arms smuggled from the United feeds the rebel cause. States * No Fatalities on Christmas on State Roads By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Minnesota neared the halfway point in the long Christmas holi day weekend today without record ing any traffic fatalities. But the state's toll for 19-58 rose to 683 only two less than the record-setting total of 685 for all of 1957. A collision near Ada, Minn,, be fore the holiday traffic count be gan took the life of a pastor's wife. Mrs. Herbert S. Larson, 63, wife of the pastor of the Gary, Minn.. Lutheran Church, died Christmas day in an Ada hospital of injuries suffered Wednesday afternoon. She was riding in a car driven by her daughter, Grace, when skidded on an icy highway and swerved into the path of one driven by Owen Johnson of Fertile Johnson suffered cuts and bruis es. Miss Larson was not hurt. The accident occurred 10 miles u ast of I Ada in northwestern Minnesota Talks Resumed on Air Strike By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS i Eastern Air Lines, having I reached agreement with its strik- ! ing machinists, returns to th» bargaining table today with its striking flight engineers. Tiie line has been grounded for more than a month. Also out of i commission is American Airlines, which is awaiting a decision by 'striking pilots on a seven-point : settlement formula proposed by I federal mediators. The company accepted it. Cliauces Dim j Chances are slim the two car| riers will be operating in time to take care of a post-holiday trans- i portation rush off to a slow start but this time things look different. In the Senate, a lengthy .fight shaping up over a move by Northern Democrats and Republicans to curb filibusters. South- irn Democrats In the past have used unlimited debate to block :ivil rights legislation. Embroiled in Quarrel Senate Republicans also are embroiled in a family quarrel. A group which views the present 30P command there are behind he times is pushing a rival slate for top leadership posts. In the House, a bloc, of self* ityled liberals wants to limit the rower of the Rules Committee to jottle up legislation. Under present House rules, that committee ian keep most bills from the. floor almost indefinitely. Unless a compromise Is reached ahead of time, this fight will be settled on opening day. Another controversy confronting the House involves the disputed election of Dr. Dale Alford, a Little Rock segregation leader, to replace Rep. Brooks Hays (D-Ark), an avowed moderate on the segregation issue. A special House committee recently conducted a preliminary probe of charges that irregularities figured in Alford's victory as a write-in candidate. The committee recommended Alford not be seated pending a fuller inquiry by a regular* House"committee. Unless the case becomes an out- and-out civil rights issue, Alford probably will be permitted to take his seat on Jan. 7. These controversies aside, it probably will be at least a month before any legislation of consequence reaches the floor of either branch. Organize from Scratch The House must completely organize from scratch. The Senate, with two-thirds of its membership holdolvers, has fewer organization problems. Senate Republicans must select a new leader to replace William F. Knowland, who retired from the Senate to seek the governor, ship of- California. He lost that race. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas continues as Senate Democratic leader. Rep. Sam Rayburn (D-Tex) is certain to be re-elected Speaker of the House — a post he has held 14 years, longer than any other man. McCorraack Picked Rep. John W. McCormack of Massachusetts will be picked again as House Democratic leader. Rep. Joseph W. Martin Jr., also of Massachusetts, will continue as Republican leader. Parceling out committee places in a new Congress always poses problems. But the greatly enlarged Democratic membership makes the job tougher than usual for the Democrats, They havt more newcomers than choict committee asignments. The new Congress will have 64 Democratic »enators and 34 Re. publican senators, compared with 49 Democrats and 47 he 85th. In the lineup will be 283 Democrats to 153 Republicans. This compared with 235 Democrats and 200 Republicans in the old. Retain Jobs Senate holdover members retain their old committee jobs unless they bid for vacancies on morn important committees. The House fills all committee posts anew. Re-elected members may remain ou their former committees. But 81 new members must be taken care of, and prospects are some new committee* will be created to meet assignment needs. Not until committees are functioning can the House or Senate really start work. Early in January, President Eisenhower will deliver in person his State of the Union message telling Congress what he would like in the way of legislation. No date has been set for that message. In mid-January Eisenhower will send Congress his annual budget for the fiscal year startiflg next July l. Late in January, the Priftdaut't economic report is due to reach Capitol Hill, v

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