Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tueadoy, November 17, 1970 Growing Problem The growing problem of solid waste disposal which plagues communities from middling to metropolitan size, has been unexpectedly dramatized. A rubbish fire in the cellar of London's Sweet Fanny Adams boutique turned the trick. To get to the blaze, fire engines had to run the gauntlet of piles of refuse and garbage — as high as a man in many places — lining both sides of narrow streets. Which brings us to the reason for the Sweet Fanny Adams rubbish fire — or, rather, to why there was a pile of rubbish there to catch fire. London, like New York not long ago, has been in the throes of a strike which has brought pickups of garbage and other solid waste to a virtual halt. The resultant masses of stuff, some of it stinking with decay, pose a variety of troubles for one of the largest cities in the world. The least of it, perhaps, is that the piles are an intolerable blight — messy, unsightly, an offense to even the dullest sensibilities. The heaps of junk and garbage are a potential health hazard, too. The fire engines' run to the Sweet Fanny Adams boutique called attention to a couple of additional problems. One is the constriction of city arteries — the blocking of emergency exits to public buildings, the clogging of alley entrances, even the occasional narrowing of streets where the stuff has spilled out. There is one furtherpoint: Some, in view of the aforementioned rubbish fire, got to thinking what would happen if a number of those piles of rubbish in narrow streets and alleys were to catch fire. Little imagination is needed to see the nightmare in that. The central conclusion to be drawn Is that, for all his wit and ingenuity, man has not yet been able to manage the swiftly growing accumulation of waste that goes with civilized society. The strikes in London and New York and other big cities dramatize the problem, but are incidental to it. Sweet Fanny ' Adams tells us that better ways to dispose of modern living's residue must be found and used. Of Credit Cards Thanks to a new federal law, the public will have a little more protection in this burgeoning business of credit cards. Banks, gasoline companies, stores and other issuers of credit cards will no longer be permitted to mail out unsolicited cards in scattergun fashion. Under the new law, issuers may send cards only to fill a specific request from a customer or to renew a card already held. The law also limits an individual's liability for the misuse of a lost or stolen card to $50, provided that the company is given notice that the card holder no longer has the card. It is still "let the buyer beware" in one aspect of the situation, however, both as regards the relatively new credit cards and the charge cards or plates which department store customers have used for many years. Another law that went into effect last year requires creditors to specify on monthly statements or loan applications the monthly and/or yearly rate of interest charged. For credit card and "revolving" store accounts, this is usually V/?. per cent a month, or 18 per cent a year. It is doubtful if many people take the trouble to do a little simple arithmetic on their monthly statements. If they did, they might discover an interesting new gimmick being used by an increasing number of establishments. It is the practice of figuring interest or finance charges not on the actual balance owing but on the "previous balance." It works like this: Suppose an individual makes purchases at Store A or on Credit Card A totaling $100. When the bill arrives, he elects to make a payment of $50. In his next month's statement, if Creditor A uses the "previous balance" method, he will be charged V& per cent on the original $100, or $1.50, making the new balance $51.50. But if he had made the same purchases from Creditor B, who figures the interest or finance charge after subtracting payments, he would be charged VA per cent only on the $50 still owing, or $.75, leaving a new balance of $50.75. On small amounts, the difference between the two won't exactly break anyone's back. Multiplied by hundreds or thousands of accounts, however, it amounts to quite a bonanza for Creditor A. By using the cute "previous balance" method, Creditor A is, in effect, charging a monthly interest rate of 3 per cent, or a whopping 36 per cent a year, which in any state would be outlawed as usurious if charged on a conventional loan. Credit cards or "revolving" store accounts do, of course, perform a useful function, or they would not be so thoroughly utilized by so many millions of people. But as with any kind of convenience, people should be aware of just what they are paying for the flexibility, ease and universality of this kind of credit and govern themselves — and their purchases — accordingly. "Of Course, There Are a Few Technicalities You'll Have to Step Over!" V'&tiM'-y-'H' • Dear Abby Fortune Teller's Tale is a Fake Washington Notebook Chilling Security Gamble By Ray Cromley Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NEA) - During the past seven years the National Security Council, several presidents and their cabinets have gambled at considerable possible risk to U.S. security that this country would not be faced with a major military crisis anyplace in the world — over and above Vietnam. Data now available indicates that so many combat-ready troops and so much in arms and equipment were requisitioned for Vietnam from American forces in the United States, Europe, the Mediterranean and other parts of the world that if such a major crisis had developed in the Japan-Korea, Taiwan (Nationalist China), Middle East or Western Europe, the United States likely would not have been able to meet the situation with the necessary forces in the time limits modern war requires. In the bookish language of the military: "In the case of a major requirement that had priority over Southeast Asia operations, it is doubtful if forces could have been redeployed from Vietnam to a new theater rapidly enough to meet the demands of that situation." This is a chilling observation. This gamble has only been possible because during the worst of the Vietnam period, when demands for men, arms and equipment were the greatest, the United States had a commanding nuclear ICBM, missile submarine (Polaris) and long-range bomber superiority over the Russians. With that massive nuclear advantage gone, in all probability we shall never again be able to take such a risky gamble as we have taken in Vietnam. We are certainly in no position mil- tarily to take it now. It is precisely, in part at least, because this nuclear umbrella is gone, and because, therefore, this gamble has become far too dangerous in view of the Middle East and other possible confrontations, that President Nixon is drawing down our forces in Vietnam so determinedly and is lowering so markedly the level of combat by U.S. forces in that war. That the rate is slower than both Nixon and his opponents would like is simply because quick withdrawals would create more hairy problems than they would solve. (None of the above is meant to discount the strength of the political pressure at home pushing forward for some sort of withdrawal, slow or rapid.) But we are not yet in the clear. Though a number of the sizable deficiencies have now been corrected, enough Vietnam-caused weaknesses remain so that the United States is not in a position to take as firm a position vis a-vis the Russians in the Middle East today, say, as President Truman was a number of years ago when he asked the Russians to take their troops out of Iran or when President Kennedy asked Khrushchev to take his missiles out of Cuba. It must be understood, of course, that a major part of this speak-more-softly stance has been forced by the shift in the balance of nuclear power — or so Nixon's advisers see it. But with a nuclear standoff, conventional forces once again assume a more vital role in dealing with Moscow — or even with Red China, small as Peking's nuclear force is. The Vietnam war-caused deficiencies, not yet fully corrected, are serious enough to give any U.S. president pause: A lag in making modifications (improvements) in the operating capability of naval planes outside Southeast Asia. A potentially serious drawdown of some types of munitions. A high percentage of planes, helicop* ters, vehicles, and other weapons and equipment out of operation worldwide for repairs because of old age and because of a shortage of skilled repairmen and parts. An unacceptably high percentage of obsolete arms and equipment in the hands of combat-ready troops. Serious production and modification problems continue for both the Navy and Air Force. Serious shortages of helicopters, landing craft and in a wide range of essential equipment. Shortage of trained technical personnel, especially the higher enlisted grades. Moscow, of course, is well-aware of these American weaknesses, which have developed at the very time the Russians have assiduously built up their naval, air and ground strengths (as well as nuclear power). This may be the reason Moscow seemingly is willing to take more risks of late — as in the Middle East. It also is the reason for the Nixon doctrine — which aims at taking the more limited American power (more limited when compared to Russia's growing strength) and applying it, if possible, only where most effective, and above all making every attempt not to dilute that power by letting it get bogged down in "small" wars. Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays, and Holidays other then February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAHER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2, 1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $15.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year $18.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $22.00 The Carroll Daily Times Herald is an ABC Daily Newspaper. The number of subscribers, recorded daily on permanent records and verified by the nationally recognized Audit Bureau of Circulations guarantees advertisers the paid circulation figures of the Carroll Daily Times Herald are accurate. Only an ABC newspaper can give assurance its staled circulation is accurate. By Abigail Van Bur en Abby Van Buren DEAR ABBY: About five years ago my husband went to a fortune teller. She told him that he was going to be married "soon," but that marriage wouldn't last very long, but he shouldn't worry because soon afterwards he would meet someone else and she would be his true love. Well, that fortune teller was wrong there because my husband was already married > me, but then she went on to tell him lots of other things and she really hit the nail right on the head. Like she told him he wasn't very close to his mother, which was absolutely right. He can't stand his mother. But here's the part that really has been bothering me, Abby. She told my husband that he was going to die as a result of something that would "pierce" him — like a bullet or a knife, or maybe a piece of metal in a car accident. But she wouldn't say when. This keeps me so upset I can't sleep nights. I have been crying my heart out because I love him dearly. Do you think fortune tellers can really look into the future? WORRIED SICK DEAR WORRIED: No. Quit worrying. DEAR ABBY: My mother says I need psychiatric help and I'd like to know what you think before I go in for something I don't need. My first husband left me, and my mother keeps telling me how happy he is with his second wife, which tears me apart because I still care for him a lot. Polly's Pointers I am not getting along very well with my second husband and my mother keeps pressing me for details of our problems. I don't really want to tell her but she keeps after me until I finally spill everything just to shut her up. Besides, a person has to talk to someone. My mother keeps telling me she wishes I had never been born, that I can't do anything right and she brings up every mistake I ever made. I am not making excuses for myself as I have made plenty of mistakes. What should I do? I am terribly depressed. MISTAKES GALORE DEAR MISTAKES: I think your mother is right. You do need psychiatric help. And from what you tell me about your mother, you'll need a psychiatrist with two couches. She could use some help, too. DEAR ABBY: My heart goes out to that widower who feels trapped by a conniving widow. I, too, am in my sixties and since losing my husband several years ago, I have met more and more widows, and I can tell you, I have grown more and more disgusted with them each year. Abby, they can't wait to read the obituaries every day to see whose wife has died so they can get a head start on going after the husband. DISGUSTED IN SAN ANGELO Your Health Rules for Seeing a Doctor By Laivrence E. Lamb, M.D, Most people who have a cold or mild respiratory infection do not see a doctor. This isn't too surprising since more than one of every two people has a cold in the winter and one out of five during the summer. But a number of serious diseases that need medical attention start or resemble a simple respiratory illness. How do you decide if Dr. L. E. Lamby° u nee ^ to see a d° c " or? Let me give you a Dyes Rice to Match Dresses Polly Cramer DEAR POLLY — E. S. M. wanted to know how to tint rice for a wedding. I have done this for many weddings. If I know the color of the bridesmaids' dresses, I try to dye the rice to match. To tint four cups of uncooked rice, use three cups of cold water and vegetable coloring. I use two teaspoons of yellow or blue and three teaspoons of red or green. Two or more colors may be mixed to get other shades, such as lavender. Mix coloring with water, add rice and soak until desired color is obtained. Drain tinted rice, spread on a Letter to the Editor To the Editor: In recognition of November as National Retarded Children's month, may we offer these thoughts of appreciation to the members of Carroll County responsible for the very fine Special Education system our children enjoy? Our thanks go first of all to past and present members of the Carroll County Board of Education for the fine direction and administration of the system, their foresight and continued dedication to the education of all Carroll County children and in particular the mentally retarded. Our Carroll County Special Education system has recently been commended by the State Department of Public Instruction as one of the finest and most comprehensive in the state of Iowa. We have six classes for the county students; two for the trainable children, and four classes for the educable students. Of course, we realize that such schools would not be possible were it not for the funds raised in taxes paid by all Carroll County residents. We parents of Retarded Children appreciate more than we can tell, all. #f the fine people who care enough to help our children in ways we cannot alone. We must mention with gratefulness, too, the capable teachers of the Special Education classes. These include: Mrs. Waldo Mick of Audubon, who teaches the primary Trainables in Manning; Mrs. Paul Loeschen of Glidden, who teaches another class of Trainables at Grant No. 5; Miss Violet Nelson, who teaches the Primary educables located at Fairview in Carroll; Mrs. Allan Peterson, who teaches the intermediate educables at Carroll Community; Mr. Dale Lesle of Auburn, who teaches the junior educables at Carroll Community; and Mr. Gilbert Johnson, who supervises the work-study program composed of high school educable students. Without the special talents, the special caring and the unselfish time and energy spent in extra training — all the things these teachers give, our children would indeed be lost. We thank these fine members of the Carroll County Board of Education, the Special Education teachers and all persons who have worked and continue to care enough to give our retarded children the wonderful opportunities of learning — not only the special joys that knowledge itself brings, but for making them able to help themselves and be the persons God wants them to be. Sincerely, Mrs. Virgil Baumhover, Chairman, Fund Drive, Carroll County Association. — By Polly Cramer cookie sheet and dry in a 200-degree oven. Either regular or instant rice may be used but I think the instant takes a deeper color. —KAREN DEAR POLLY - E. S. M. can dyo rice by putting rice and food coloring in a cheap grade of rubbing alcohol from the drugstore. Wren rice is desired color, drain off the alcohol and spread out to dry. Rice will not be sticky. -JEANNE DEAR GIRLS — Rice dyed in alcohol seems to absorb the color quicker and certainly does dry quicker. I spread it out on a counter on paper towels. Of course, you all realize this rice is not to be eaten. —POLLY DEAR POLLY — Rice can be dyed with food coloring very easily if water and dye are put in a jar with a lid on it. Shake until all the rice is colored. Rather than put too much color in at first, it is better to add more coloring to get the desired shade. Always be generous with the rice. It is hard to dye another batch exactly the same color. —MARY S. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — My car has a label with the car dealer's name pasted on the trunk lid. Is there a safe way to remove this without harming the finish? —MARGE You will receive a dollar if Polly uses your favorite homemaking idea, Polly's Problem or solution to a problem. Writs Polly in care of this newspaper. few rules. Call your doctor if: You have weakness because of age; You have lung disease, rheumatic heart disease, weakness because of any heart trouble, diabetes, or any serious illness; The body temperature by mouth is 102 degrees, or the fever lasts more than three days; Chills occur, there is a persistent severe cough, chest pain or difficulty in breathing, swollen, painful neck glands, sore ears, or vomiting. If you treat yourself for mild infections without the problems I just listed, there are some dos and don'ts. The goal is to make you more comfortable, since you can't cure most of these illnesses. Adults can take two five-grain (0.3 gram) aspirin tablets one to four times daily. Children should take no more than one-third (20 milligrams) for each five pounds of body weight; three or four times a day. A number of effective cough medicines can be bought without a prescription. You should find out if there is any particular one your family doctor recommends. You shouldn't take nose drops or use inhalers unless your doctor approves of the one you use. Some of those available contain drugs harmful to patients with heart disease and other medical problems. Some actually aggravate inflamed nasal passages and do not promote recovery. Antibiotics cannot cure most colds and related respiratory infections. These viruses are not sensitive to antibiotics. Doctors give antibiotics for a "strep throat" or an infection caused by a germ other than a virus. One form of virus pneumonia responds to some antibiotics (not penicillin). Although antihistamines are popular, they don't do much for colds. They are effective in treating allergies with a runny nose that resemble a common cold. They are also a good sedative and induce sleep. In this way they make some patients more comfortable. Sleepiness though, can cause a driver to be a traffic hazard. Alcohol has no beneficial effects upon a cold other than its sedative action, which results in mood elevation. Getting plenty of rest is wise. It is not, however, necessary to rest in bed. The horizontal position alone weakens the body. I usually recommend that adults and older children sit up quietly a good bit of each day while resting. Of course, small children may have to be kept in bed to restrict activity. But remember, it is rest, not bed rest, that is needed. Dear Dr. Lamb — I am 30 and exp e c t i n g my fifth child. What do you think of women having their tubes tied or cut in such circumstances? Dear Reader — This procedure has much to recommend it. BERRY'S WORLD I* © 1970 by NEA, "Yes, we'rt discussing t/io fa/7 oftens/vo, but you're in th§ wrong mooting.'"
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