OPINION PAGE WEDNESDAY, JUNE 30, 1976 CO twill! i Editorial 'Defense until death 1 military stand taken BEIRUT. Ij^hanrvn f API .... u-o^n^ :.. rt__-_ir ri i ¥\_• ...._._ I Car owners can help stem automobile thefts When a car is stolen, the driver's consternation can be shared by taxpayers in general as well as by law enforcement agencies Forte cost of investigating, prosecuting, adjudicating, correcting and rehabilitating the thieves is borne by taxpayers Most car theft are due to the owner's negligence In most cases the stolen vehicles were left unlocked and over half of them had thekeys in the ignition. me total cost for stolen vehicles in Minnesota in 1975 was over $19 million, according to the State Department of Public Safety. The value of stolen ' BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) The Lebanese Christians and ' their Syrian backers were reported waging a three-front offensive today against the Palestinian guerrillas and their leftist I/ebar.ese Moslem allies. The leftists claimed they were putting up a hard fight, but they uere losing ground on at least one of the fronts. The Christians announced they have completed their conquest of the Palestinians' Jisr el-Basha refugee camp on the east side of Beirut and launched r f rate of car thefts, one out of every 162 automobiles registered, was less than in 1974 in Minnesota In addition 2,934 other motor vehicles, including trucks -~i were recovered but many were seriously damaged even though they were found in the area where they were stolen. Professional thieves probably account for most of the 5,358 cars that were lost permanently. Organized theft rings have body shops where vehicles are modified an. 1 serial numbers altered and thev are sold with fraudulent documents. Door and ignition Jocks may not be much of an obstacle for professional thieves. But owners of late model cars can take precautions by avoiding parking lots that are not supervised. Car thefts can be reduced by drivers who completely close windows, lock the ignition and all the doors and take the key with them when they park The problem of car thefts is not one for law enforcement only. Precautions can even have an effect on inflation. What others say CHARLOTTE NEWS, CHARLOTTE, N.C. JAPS HAVE The Japanese, we are told, have gotten a head start on us in celebrating our 200th birthday. And a big celebration it is. A Tokyo department store is planning live country and western music concerts throughout the month. There'll be apple Dictating contests. You can even buy Bicentennial underwear, complete with Old SPIRIT OF '76 Glory festooned on the rear. That's quite flattering, we think. But the Japanese celebration has reached our shores, too. So many Bicentennial toys and souvenirs in this country say "Made in Japan" or "Made in Taiwan" on the bottom thai American kids couldn't be blamed for thinking the Revolution started in the Prisit, not New England. Labor leaders back Mondale LANSING, Mich. (AP) Michigan labor leaders are backing Minnesota Sen. Walter Mondale for the vice presidential spot on Jimmy Carter's ticket. Many labor representatives in Michigan's delegation to the Democratic national convention say they, too, favor Mondale, though non-union delegates fall behind no single choice. Both United Auto Workers president Douglas Fraser and Michigan AFL-C10 President William Marshall say Mondale s long, cfean history in the Senate can improve the Democratic ticket better than any- other vice presidential choice except Ted Kennedy. But, says Fraser, even if Kennedy would take the second-place spot, Carter would "He's clean as a hound's tooth," says Marshall, whose second choice for the second spot would be Idaho Sen. Frank Church, who did well for the brief time he was in the presidential race. Mondaie also outshines other Midwest vice presidential possibiities like Illinois Sen. Adlai Stevenson or Ohio Sen. John Glean, says Marsh"U. "Stevenson is a good senator and a good man but he suffers a lot from the same problem that (presidential candidate and Washington Sen. Henry) Jackson had: being dry and drab," says Marshall, who batked Jackson in the early stages of the primary race. Glenn has "obviously proven to be a good politician but his greatest claim to fame is being an astronaut and his tenure is The Palestinians and Christians both reported the fighting on the third front. They said Syrian troops, tanks and planes were attacking leftist positions in the string of ski resorts northeast of Beirut that threaten the Christian enclave between Beirut and Tripoli. The Christian command said the leftists were "hopelessly sand- m'ched between our forces and the attacking Syrians on the east" and were fleeing. A joint communique from the six Christian militias taking part in the pjne-day-old assault on the two refugee camps said Jisr ei-Basha was put under a dusk-to-dawn curfew, and that its guerrilla commander asked for asylum in Christian territory. The two camps form a leftist Letters to the Editor Indifference to flog noted at parades To the Editor: In recent weeks it has been my pleasure to march with the VFW Bicentennial group. We've participated in a number of parades and ceremonies in our relatively short existence. Durir.j this time we've observed some disheartening displays of indifference and disrespect to the flag. The flag of our country is an awe-inspiring symbol of our American heritage and grtalness. We've all been taught this since our early chiloriood. However, we often need to be reminded. With the Fourth of July near at ha.id, you will KO doubt observe a parade, either in Fergus Falls or another community. Please show the flag its due respect. When the flag passes by, stand erect, place your right hand over your heart, and men—take your hats off. It's so easy! Norman Ringstrom Mondale, 9 for Church, S for In- being upstaged by the Kennedy "glamor." But Jfondale, a 12-year veteran of the Senate, has a.i "impeccable record," both on labor and other issues, says Fraser. Plus, says Marshall, besides being "acceptable to a broad cross-section of Democrats," Mondale is able to draw both independent and Republican votes. r The UAW has 23 delegates attending the convention, while the AFL-C10 has nine. Labor and other delegation leaders agree the vice presidential choice will be Carter's, and they will not object to anyone he chooses. A survey of 88 of the stale's 13S Democratic delegates showed 24 uncommitted, 16 for R " reman Barbara Jordan, Seventy-five yeors ago — 1901 Rain spoils city's Fourth (from the Journal for July 1-6.1901) Hubert Humphrey, John Glenn, Fred Harris, Aoiai Stevenson and Pittsburgh mayor Peter Flaherty. In addition, nine Udall delegates said they favored Jimmy- Carter as vice president and another seven said Udall should be in the second spot A crowd estimated at 4,000 came to Fergus falls for the July Fourth celebration. But rain .spoiled the finest parade in the city's history and iriUrrlci ed with the fireworks display. The parade at 10a.m. started despite ominous clouds.The leading teams, the Wendell, Pelican Rapids and Fergus bands scarcely turned Cascade Streetbef ore the rain came in torrents The parade line extended fu!h/ five blocks when the rain came down. The rain was too heavy for crowds to assemble at the Lyceum for a talk b« J. L. Townley and that was given up. Toward noon the clouds broke up and the afternoon events, tug-of-war, races and tre basebMl game between Fergus Falls arx) Barnesville were held. A hailstorm a19:30 came ^ist in time to spoil the fireworks on Lake Al'ce. They will be shot off at a later Uir.e. Precipitation amounted to 2.07 inches. 1DFATTTY ESTABLISHED The identity of George Gilbert who committed suicide here June 1 has been established by Police Chief Jensen. A Teller fr"om Mrs C L FilMns, Presoott, Ariz., says that he was the son of her first husband. She states the young man left St. Louis Is years ago to go west in search of employment and she had not heard from him since then. FIREMANHIT BY BOTTLE William Gerz, a fireman on the Northern Pacific, was struct by a bottle thrown by some malicious boys from the overhead bridge on Court Street white his train was passing under the bridge Wednesday. The glass cut several gashes on his hands and he will be laid up for a time. STEAMER LAUNCHED ON LAKE ALICE Robert Hoom has launched his new steamer, ' Mependence," «i lake Alice. The little boat will carry li people and is the fastest sleazier that his ever been on the lake. Trips are made every evering. JfJG wedge in Christian East Beirut and overlook the main roads between the city and the Christian heartland to the north. Jisr el-Basha housed an estimated 6,000 Palestinian refugees, most of them Christians, before the siege. Tal Zaatar had a population of 20,000 Moslem Palestinians and 30,000 Lebanese driven from South Lebanon by Israeli reprisals to Palestinian raids across the border. In an attempt to ease the Christian pressure, the Moslems said they attacked the Christian suburbs of Ein Rum- manneh, two miles north of Tal Zaatar, and Hadath, to the .south. adjacent and much larger Tal Zaatar camp. The Palestinians in effect ad- fought." The statement vowed a "defense until death" of Tal tarJts ridde a sudden attack today CHI the Moslem port of Sidon, 25 miles south of [ Federal investigation shows about 75 percent of the biblical port city afire. car thefts are committed by amateurs for joy riding Telephone communications transportation, quick money or for use in a felonv' betlre * n Beirut and Sidon were Most of the individuals are juveniles ' cut ' and "°animation <* U* and their leftist Lebanese Moslem allies were locked in "savage combat on Sidon's hilly outskirts to repel the surprise Syr- "If Tal Zaatar falls," Lebanese Moslem leader Kama! JumblaU warned, "we shall never accept a cease-fire or negotiations but shall carry on the war to its end no matter how long it takes." Security and hospital sources estimated that more than 2M persons were killed and at least that many wounded during the night in Beirut, its suburbs, Sidon and eastern Lebanon. The continuing high toll raised the total number of dead in the 14- month-old civil war close to 30,000 by conservative but admittedly uncertain estimates. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher GeorgeMarotteck, BusinessMgr.-James Gray, News Ed. Gtenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. >?1S-.<^J,iiod HOI ca Dr-rlb^.n-r..!' •Merry-Go-Roundi Ford's pardon of Nixon By JACK ANDERSON withLESWHnTE\ WASHINGTON - A harried but stubborn Richard Nixon was headed in September 1974 for the trial of the century. Sources inside the Special Prosecutor's office have told us that he definitely would have been indicted for obstruction of justice. At the same time, sources close to the former President have told us that he would never have agreed to a deal with the prosecutors. He would have spurned plea bargaining and would have fought for his freedom in the courts. This epic drama was aborted on Sept. 8,1974, when President Ford granted his predecessor a pardon. Millions of Americans still wopder whether it was a set-up, whether Ford in return for his vice presidential ap- m m pointment had promised to -s-ssjSii^s ^^^^sh' te! ?£ ta £ H r r e °"^ he could not "believe the unbe? InSnciusion the hearins « £™' A™ * ^"V^ ""^^ <>« guests, we have f^«T cR ^™ ^&t&o£ £Mss ±»£; .ssMss^s?* Teamsters Milepost 7 opposed ST PAm ^fl^n C4Pt _ A ™ L_._. n .' -. . J^w^ wEMss -sas-Kffssaa 5e&SX*5lwE£ U^." 11 ™ imPCS « 1 UP ° n ^^controversial Mining Co. that it would shut down its operations if Mikpost 7 is not approved as a taconite dumping ground. Hearing Examiner Wayne Olson said in a memorandum Tuesday night that there is no way he could approve the site. Andhe said it was his judgment that no condition could be imposed that would meet objections to MUepost 7, since those objections relate to location. Olson said he could not be- _ By Sydney H. Harris - lieve Reserve's contention that it would close its laconite processing plant at Silver Bay, Minn., if disposal permits for the Milepost 7 site are not approved by the state Pollution Control Agency (PCA) and Department of Natural Resources (DNR). "The evidence clearly establishes that OR-land tailings disposal at the Midway location can be accomplished profitably." Olson said. "Rejection of permits for the Milepost 7 location would neither justify nor require termination of Reserve's operations." Reserve, owned jointly by Armco and Republic Steel Corps, of Ohio, has claimed that only Milepost 7 is economically feasible for on-land disposal of its tailings. The company has threatened to close its operations, a move that would throw its 3,200 employes out of ••Strictly Personal Police foster civic cynicism ' northeastern nesota. "We are asked," said Olson, "to believe the unbelievable: that two of the largest stee) companies in the United States, solely on the basis of such distorted, if not manipulated financial estimates, have decided that they must shut down one of their major suppliers of raw materials." After hearing months of testimony, Olson on Many 26 rec- Suppose that you and 10 of your friends went out on a drunken spree one night and choked two patrons at a bar unconscious, stuffed another into a trash can, and prevented vice officers from arresting a drug suspect. Suppose further that you all drove in a caravan to the bar violating several traffic laws along the way. Then, at the first bar, one of you made provocative and offensive remarks to a woman patron. At a second bar, when the bartender refused to serve you, several of your gang threw billiard balls around the room, and then punched a patron who protested. Next, a group of on-duty vice officers tried to persuade you to leave the area, but you refused, and even freed a suspect they were holding, scattering the. evidence on the ground. Don't you suppose that those on-duty officers would call for all possible police reinforcements? That the paddy- wagon would come and toss your gang into the clink? That you would receive stiff sentences for a half-dozen offenses? But what if you and your 10 friends happened to be policemen in Long Beach, Calif.? Then the vice officers formation of a citizens' body to which they should be responsible. The police want to be an autonomous, paramilitary force in the community, responsible only tu themselves, and have a dozen specious arguments as to why they should not be overseen by a citizens' board. But in order to merit this autonomy, police forces should be even more stringent toward their own men than they are toward the public. The standards of conduct should be higher, and the punishment more swift, certain, and severe. Otherwise, a civic cynicism sets in, and a police department that condones lawlessness among its own men has lost its power to influence public attitudes, and can only coerce. The loyalty of a police officer is to his own department, rather than to the larger community which pays him and endows him with his authority. This is obviously a betrayal of his position, and a reversal of values that can end only in corruption, complacency, and utter toss of confidence in law enforcement Nixon pardon. We have uncovered some fascinating details that can now be revealed for the first time. Gen. Alexander Haig, then the White House staff chief first raised the question of a pardon witn Gerald Ford on Aug. 5—four days before Ford replaced Nixon in the White House. Haig notified Ford to be prepared to assume the presidency. In discussing several possible contingencies Haig mentioned that Nixon could pardon himself before resigning or might be granted a pardon after he resigned. Ford gave no inclination what he might do. But thereafter, Ford noticed for the first time, he later confided, that Nixon looked drawn and defeated. He also appeared to have lost weight Gerald Ford took the oath as President on Aug. 9. Not until Aug. 27, so far as we can learn, was the subject of the pardon raised with him again. Then aides Jerry terHorst and Robert Hartmann alerted him to expect questions about it at a press conference the following day. Immediately after the press conference, the President instructed his general counsel, miiip Buchen, to explore the possibilities of a pardon. We are privy to the backroom detailed to relate. But shortly after Labor Day, Buchen approached Nixon's attorney, Herbert J. Miller, about the possibility of a pardon. Buchen strongly suggested that Nixon should issue a statement of contrition. But this was not a condition, Buchen — VI UWI , « 4 1.UU1J *u Icv - . en e vce ocers ommended Milejwst 20. He re- you resisted would not even call newed the recommendation the cops and yon would be last Saturday following ad- allowed to leave. Then the ditional tejumony by Reserve leader of your gang might be '"trasses, fired, and the other 10 only Olson also rejected Reserve's " ' contention that the failtre of the Teton Dam in Idaho provides a sound argument against the testimony of experts on dam safety. "Since safe dams do fail," yum-mien wno engage in this said Olson, "it is imperative to sort of miscondoct are far more examine the consequences of a culpable than citizens who do the same, just as soldiers who betray their side are far guiltier They'll Do It Every Time "temporarily suspended" from their jobs, some for as little as one or five days. And no criminal charges pressed agamst anybody. Now it seems to me that policemen who engage in this failure at a given location. The testimony is ur"-"M,roverled that major failure at Milepost 7 would be catastrophic..." He added, "No site would be without risk of failure, but than civilians who do the same. Yet, almost everywhere, when policemen behave this ".*!*/«. IOT v\ ituiutc, uut way, they are relatively in> where the consequences of fail- mune from the same sort of ore are significantly less at an punishment that wnJd befall a .i. :...,___.:.- __,_. citizen. Police dtpartments are enormously self-protective, and see™ to have a double standard for themselves and for the public at large. And, almost everywhere, alternative location, as is true in this case, prudence dictates that the alternative be chosen." Olson urged Armco and Republic to "come to understand that Minnesota public officials and agencies have legitimitt pohce departments resist the W>to Buys FLAT- HEaep SHOES'? added carefully, to the pardon. Privately, the White House wanted a statement that would keep Nixon from proclaiming his innocence once it was no longer possible for the courts to establish his guilt. Miller agreedtoseeksucha statement from his San Clemente client Tte President sent s cksc friend, Washington attorney Benton Becker, to San Clemente to make the arrangements. Benlon and Miller flew to California together. Although they didn't reach San Clemente until 11 p.m., Pacific time, they went immediately into a three-hour huddlb with Nixon aide Ronald Ziegler. The talks were resumed the following morning in Ziegler's office. Frequently, Ziegler and Miller would slip out of the room for whispered consultations. At one point, Ziegler received a call from the White House. It was Haig on the phone, advising Ziegler that Nixon didn't have to sign any statement at all. An understanding was reached, nevertheless, that any pardon would be followed by a statement of contrition from San Clemente. Not until the negotiations were completed did a fatigued, forlorn Nixon appear. He looked aged as if he were not Nixon but Nixon's father, Becker recalled. The former President also gave Becker the impression that his head was too big for his body. He was despondent, disoriented. "Thank you for being fair," he murmured. "You are a fine young man." Then in the middle of tie conversation, he grabbed Becker's arm. "You are a big boy," Nixon blurted out of context. "Did you ever nlav football?" Later, as Becker was leaving Ziegler intercepted him a.id said the deposed President wanted to see him again. Becker was ushered into a sparse office. Nixon greeted him solemnly. "Mr. Becker," he said, "you have been a gentleman. You haven't been a bully. I have had my share of bullies. I want to give you something." Then he extended both arms toward the sparse office walls. "But I don't have anything," he said, his voice almost breaking. "They took it all away." "~~" ' hard, produced a pair of cheap presidential cufflinks and a tiepm. He handed these dramatically to Becker. "Pat took these from my jewelry box," said Nixon sadly. "Hang on to them. They are the last ones in the world." Back in Washington, President Ford had already made his decision to grant the pardon. He i/)5tn»ned Hart- msnn to ilraft an announcement. Hartmann warned that the decision would cause an uproar. The President said he had already made up his mind. He didn't want Hartmann's opinion, just the statement. Benton Becker, back from San Clemente, consulted with the President on Sept. 7. Ford asked how Nixon had looked Becker gave a disturbing report. Afterward, the President personally added to his statement, as another reason for the pardon, "the threat to (Nixon's) health." Sources close to both "Ford and Nixon have assured us that the two men never spoke to one another about the pardon. The President told his subordinates emphatically that there had been "no deal, period." A source intimately familiar with Nixori'sside of the story said he was -99 percent certain there had been no advance agreement."
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